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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 24, 1949, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LV Associated and United Full Five Cents a HOME EDITION Him MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY 34 1949 Paper of Two Nofl One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Congress Could Do Mankind a Favor SEE PICTURE ON PAGE 7 THE present congress could find no better way to implant it in the everlasting gratitude of the people of the world no less than the people of this to take the ne cessary steps looking to the adop tion of the world calendar next Jan 1 This calendar which retains our 12 months correlates days dates and divides the year Into quarters of equal length has the approval of nearly half of the nations in the world peace or ganization UN Literally scores of organizations In the field of business science labor education and religion have studied it and placed upon it their enthusiastic seal of approval It would be a boon for the busi ness man for the housewife for the professional man for every body No valid objection to its adoption has ever been advanced still nothing happens Who Opposes It Opposition to adopting the DOYLE OREAR world calendar seems to come from three sources One of these is the calendar publisher For obvious reasons he would like to see the hodge podge everchanging calendar re tained He thinks it means money In his pocket The second of these opponents r of calendar progress is a religious sect which at best numbers no more than l7th of 1 per cent of the population of the United States Ironically enough this sect even with the present calen dar is at loggersheads with every body else in one fundamental But the third and greatest enemy of calendar reform is to be found in disposition of most of us to let well enough alone The sad part of this however is that the present calendar shouldnt be classified as well enough Its sadly out of step with our times A Fallacious Assumption Combined with this maybe its a part of a dis position on the part of many Americans to attach an aura of sacredness and sanctity to the calendar now in use They think It was handed down by God That assumption is as false as it could possibly be The fact as Ive pointed out more than once is that the people of other years down thrcugh the centuries havent been reluctant to change the form of their calen dars when a change appeared to be needed The history of the calendar is the story of mans endeavor to apply the knowledge at his com mand to the problem confronting him When fallacies and inac 1 curacies in timereckoning re vealed themselves our forebears have been willing to take correc tive action Its An Old Problem From the very dawn of mans Intelligence the problem of find Ing a method of distributing time into fixed periods adapted to his convenience has had a high place in his concern The alternation of sun and darkness provided a pattern for the division into day and night But the division into weeks and months and even into seasons and years had to be developed by evolution Quite understandably the sun because it was so obvioiis and so much a part of ones life was mans first measuring stick in reckoning time Then inquiring man discovered a certain rhythm in the waxing and the waning of the moon Ultimately the fixed stars were brought into the cal culation Variety of Calendars Used As a result of these varied ap proaches to the problem a variety of calendars were in use through out the world in Biblical and pre Biblical times The one in use in i the Holy Land in the day of Jesus was primarily based on the moon although rulers took certain lib L erties with it sj Rome on the other hand bor rowed quite heavily from the Greek calendar which was a combination of solar and lunar calculations Frequent adjustments were necessary to keep winter from falling in summer months It was such a roving and il logical calendar that Julius Caesar inherited In consultation with his astronomers he decided to do about it And what he did about it came to be known as the Julian calendar On his order in 45 B C the year was ordained to consist of 365J days This gave rise to the institution of leap year 11J Minute Error Annually And that would have been all for one thing The year actually is minutes short er than 365i days This is another way of saying that once in every 128 years the Julian calendar falls into error by 1 day Despite this error however the Julian calendar was used for some 1600 years It was Pope Gregory In 1582 who decided this cumu lative error had gone far enough Seasons were falling 10 days than they should So on the advice of his aatron CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Driver of Year Award Result of Heroism Des Moines ORear 34 of Iowa City was named Mon day as the states driver bf the year by the Iowa Motor Truck association He will be Iowas candidate for national driver of the year hon ors ORear who has an 8year rec ord of 550000 miles of driving without an accident was credited with saving 4 lives after an acci dent last April near Grinnell John Gillespie association sec retary said 4 factors figured in ORears selection They were riskedhis life to rescue 4 persons from 2 burn ing and wrecked cars on highway 6 near Grinnell last April Safe 8 years of overtheroad driving for Watson Brothers Transportation company the Iowa City man has never had an accountable accident He has never been charged with a traffic violation Watson com pany official said You can set your watch by his departure and arrival times Personal character Employers described ORear as the highest type He is married and has 2 children Nelson 12 and Lyda 10 The family lived in Omaha be fore coming here 6 years ago Rail Strike Is Announced Three Roads in Mason City Named Chicago Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers an nounced Monday 25000 engineers would strike against 15 western railroads a week from Monday The dispute involves the broth erhoods demands for a 2nd engi neer on Diesel locomotives J P Shields first assistant grand chief engineer of the broth erhood said the strike is set for 6 a m Jan 31 in all time zones We haye exhausted our efforts under provisions of the national railway labor act Shields said The railroads have declined arbi tration He declared that negotiations ended Jan 14 when the national railway mediation board offered to arbitrate the dispute The rail roads rejected arbitration Listed among the 15 roads in volved in the dispute are Chicago and North Western Chicago Rock Island and Pacific and the Mil waukee Road North Iowa Covered by Sheet of Ice Dozens of Schools Are Closed Phone Circuits Broken A sheet of ice covered North Iowa Monday causing dozens of schools to be closed because of transportation difficulties and in spite of sunny skies A drizzling rain Sunday which froze almost as it fell covered the landscape with ice which sparkled in the sunshine especially on tree branches which swayed in a 14 mile an hour wind The ice as usual made trouble for the telephone company 40 of the 200 circuits out of Mason City being down All those broken were west of Garner including Fort Dodge Algona Emmetsburg Es therville Sioux City and Spencer No Buses Schools were operating but no buses brought in pupils from rural areas to Charles City Lake Mills Garner Northwood Osage Forest City Sheffield Clear Lake and Joice The schools were closed entirely in Grafton Riceville Titonka Rockford Little Cedar Hanlon town St Ansgar Britt Thornton Rudd Plymouth Kensett Mc Intire Nora Springs Belmond Rock Falls Carpenter Chapin Buffalo Center Orchard Marble Rock Fertile Mitchell Manly Swaledale Ventura Rockwell Central Heights Sacred Heart at Manly Meservey Klemme Hay field Sacred Heart at Rockwell and a large number of rural schools In Cerro Gordo county the rural schools closed included Hubbard Mason No 8 Lime Creek 7 Lime Creek 3 Lincoln 1 Lincoln 9 Lake 4 Mount Vernon 2 Lake 5 and Pleasant Valley Nothing Better The weather bureau gave no hope of better roads Tuesday forecasting below zero minimums Mason City had a 2 above zero minimum mark Monday morning Spencer and Sioux City both re ported 4 degrees below zero Des Moines had 10 above Iowa City 16 and Davenport 24 The freezing temperatures in cluded the entire state however and with it plenty of ice Truck ers reported roads in fair shape in the Sioux City area but blowing and drifting snow was closing in roads in that section There were 5 inches of snow on the ground there The snow throughout the northwest corner of the state is not crusted over as much as else where and is liable to drifting Jefferson buses were leaving Mason City on schedule today but the Ruan gasoline transport trucks were not leaving Clear Lake be cause of the ice Railroad sched ules were affected little The Minnesota highway depart ment reported all trunk highways open but slippery in the north and central and solid ice in the south east More Than 50 Are Hurt in Headon Train Wrec SPEAKING OF diesel engine on this fast streamliner which collided with a freight at Marble Rock Sunday night came to rest in this unusual position In doing so it trapped Engineer Warrington Streeter of Cedar Rapids and Fireman F B McClure GlobeGazette Photos Cedar Rapids both of whom were among the injured and hospitalized Freight Engineer LeGrant of Cedar Rapids and his fireman J R Jensen Cedar Rapids escaped in jury A side view of the diesel is seen below FILLING STATION BURNS Superior early Sun day destroyed a filling station on highway 9 operated by R W Gib son The station was a total loss except for one tank of gasoline which did not explode Damage was estimated at Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Mon day night and Tuesday Contin ued cold Low Monday night 15 below High Tuesday 10 to 15 above Iowa Low Monday night 10 to 15 below zero northwest to zero southeast Minnesota Partly cloudy and very cold Monday night Tuesday in creasing cloudiness and cold Low Monday night 15 to 25 be low northwest 5 to 10 below southeast IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics lor 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 32 Minimum 2 At 8 a m Monday 2 Precipitation 37 YEAR AGO Maximum 8 Minimum 6 below GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 25 Minimum 11 At 8 a m Sunday 25 YEAR AGO Maximum 2 Minimum 20 2100000 SHEEP AND CATTLE ARE SNOWBOUND Chicago The weather threw another solid punch Mon day at the western livestock in dustry An estimated 2100000 sheep and cattle were snowbound in the Rocky mountain area Sheepmen said the heavy January storms which have hampered and blocked efforts to get feed to the starving animals poses a major threat to the industry Cattlemen expected a heavy toll Seventeen flying boxcars were to load hay at Fallon Nev to carry it 210 miles east to the Utah border The hay will be dropped to the animals but planes from the 62nd troop carrier command Tacoma Wash were not expected to take off at Fallon before after noon This was the picture by sections U S weather bureau reported snow was general over the entire Great Plains region with a new subzero Canadian cold wave moving east at 20 miles an hour New Mexico was the meeting point of 3 turbulent air fronts northern cold a milder storm from Arizona over the western section and a warm moist mass over the extreme southeast Six additional inches of snow at Flagstaff Ariz boosted the 2 week total to 44 inches Twelve more inches fell at Casper Wyo Early morning temperatures at Casper and Butte Mont were 34 below Far California reported snow flurries in Pasa dena Altadena and other foothill towns hail at Glendale and Wil mington near Los Angeles snow in the mountains heavy enough to require tire chains and moderate rain elsewhere In the Pacific northwest pro longed cold began catching up with the sawdust fuel supply of Oregon Seattle another normally mild area expected a record low of 15 above rain and fog was general over this area Fog extended northeastward from Missouri through Illinois south ern Wisconsin and lower Michi gan Freezing rain in Kansas com bined with previous thaws to glaze highways More Than Million Is Recommended for Iowa Budget By DWIGHT McCORMACK Des Moines William S Beardsley made a deep slash in askings for building improvements and a sharp increase for school aid in recommending an annual bud get of to the Iowa leg islature Monday The governors recommended figure on as comparable a basis as possible compared with yearly appropriations of a year for the current biennium The recommendation also com pared with asked per year for the next biennium by state departments and agencies The next biennium opens July 1 1949 Joint Session Governor Beardsley made his budget recommendations at a joint session of the senate and house scheduled for 2 p m He emphasized that the state must provide for the necessary functions of government but at the same time safeguard its fi nancial position As expected Beardsley recom mended that a taxstabilizing re serve of be immedi ately set aside for days when state revenue does not continue at present record levels Also Vet Bonus as expected he mended that recoin of the present approximately 000 state surplus be used to help pay the veterans bo nus Beardsley suggested that only in bonds for the ap proved bonus payments be sold to start with Half of this amount under his recommendation would be bought back immediately by the state to save principal and in terest This would leave of the approved bond issue to be is sued if needed There would re main for general op erating expenses and improve ments Beardsley said all appropria tions for state support should be based on current income This he said would be following sound business practices He said the state must live within its means and not dissipate its reserves Some funds should be available when needed most he said We should all be realistic and not establish a cost of government which could prove burdensome in future years Beardsley empha sized No one can foretell what economic conditions will be 10 years from now Cost of Living The treasurer and state comp troller have estimated that the state treasury reserve as of next June 30 will be This plus the available now would give the legislature more than with which to make appropriations The governor called attention to a provision in his budget for a per year cost of living sal ary increase for state employes receiving or less per year He said also he had provided for for the board of educa tion to cover the probable reduc tion in income from GI tuition Beardsley recommended that the board of control be given 000 a year for building improve ments The board had asked 131000 a year for the next bi ennium compared with they got in the present biennium Recommends Million For the board of education which had asked an increase of 10 times the amount it got 2 years ago Beardsley recommended 000000 a year for the next bien nium The board received 000 a year for the current 2 year period and had asked 119000 a year Beardsley a strong advocate of the state paying one 4th of the schools costs carried that out in his recommendations Whereas the schools a year fort support in the current biennium he recommended that the amount be increased to a year for the next 2 years CHEFS hit in the crash was the dining car 2nd from the rear which was filled to capacity at the time Here C S Weathersby waiter surveys dam age in the galley from where he pulled James P Hill chef who suffered 3rd degree burns from a broken steam pipe Weathersby and other dining car employes suffered burns from coffee urns upsetting and injuries from flying sauc ers and other utensils More pictures on page 18 Truman Asks Legislation on Columbia Valley Authority Every second of the night and day 7000 persons board a street car trolley coach or bus in the United Stales and Canada Washington resident Truman Monday directed govern ment agencies to begin work im mediately on legislation for a Co lumbia Valley Authority Thewhite house announced that the president intends to send a special message to congress call ing for such an authority as soon as the agencies can get a draft of proposed legislation ready Presidential Press Secretary Charles G Ross said that it may take several weeks to get the draft in shape The president wrote the heads of the departments of interior army agriculture and commerce the director of the budget and the chairman of the economic advis ory council asking them to work on the draft After saying he intends to rec ommend to congress the creation of a CVA the president told the officials It is most important that con crete legislative proposals for such an authority in the Columbia basin be developed on a sound basis taking into account characteristics and needs of the region the inter ests of all parts of the executive branch and the lessons of our prior experience with the kinds of operations volved which will be in The Roman libra which was roughly a pound gives us our ab breviation of Ib for pound Weather Delays Roberts Trial Waterloo trial of Fred Lee Roberts on charges of man slaughter was postponed Monday until Tuesday because of the weekend storm District judges scheduled to hear cases in court here Monday or dered the postponement of the term for one day because they felt jurors would not be able to reach the courthouse Roberts is accused of shooting a picket during the May 19 1948 riot at the Rath Packing Co plant Expect RaiTs to Be Clear Late Monday 19 Persons Taken to Hospital None Critically Injured By RICK MEREDITH Marble Rock Rails were ex pected to be cleared here late Monday afternoon of the wreck age of a passengerfreight crash in which more than 50 were in jured 19 requiring treatment at Cedar Valley hospital in Charles City The mishap occurred at p m Sunday when the crack southbound Zephyr Rocket smashed headon into a stopped freight in the middle of this south west Floyd county town Eight were still in the hospital Monday but none was classed in critical condition Three who appeared in the most serious condition were Warrington Streeter Cedar Rapids engineer of the train He suffered a brain concussion and skull fracture James P Hill Minneapolis chef 3rd degree burns Mrs Cora Noltimier 53 St Paul Park Minn She suffered a skull fracture and possible in ternal injuries Others who remain in the hos pital are R H Smith 40 parlor car stew ard tf Chicago F B McClure 49 fireman of Cedar Rapids who has 2 broken ribs M JH Watts 47 waiter Par sons Kans He suffered a broken leg and possible internal injuries Elmer Smith 2nd cook of Min neapolis burns and head cuts O N Gjellefeld 59 Forest City Six others were released after treatment to return Monday for xrays Five treated for minor in juries were not identified R B Bullemer Marble Rock station agent said the steam powered freight No 99 out of Cedar Rapids had not been able to make the siding because of a broken knuckle on a coupling It had stopped A flagman hailed the dieselpowered Rocket and the signal was seen Bullemer said but not in time to stop be fore the crash The passenger about 10 minutes late usually rolls through Marble Rock about 60 miles an hour Bollemer said but was doing about 30 and braking when the crash occurred Estimate 200 Aboard An estimated 200 persons were on the streamliner running from Minneapolis to St Louis Included were a number of college students who attend Iowa State Teachers college at Cedar Falls and Iowa university at Iowa City Also a number were aboard who had plane flights canceled out of Min neapolis The train is operated jointly by the Rock Island and Burlington lines The Rock Island runs it from Minneapolis to Burlington where the Burlington company op erates it to St Louis R C New ton Rock Island division agent of Cedar Rapids said an investiga tion Is pending More than 200 feet of track was torn up Large wrecking crews from the Milwaukee and Rock Is land commenced repair work late Sunday night It was the first wreck for Con ductor Alex Lynott whos been with the Rock Island since 1912 Newborn blue whales are larger than full grown elephants SAME Whiu cur and he said Ive got to hand it to the people Everyone stayed calm There was no panic any where on the train The Marble Rock fire depart ment pulled Streeter and McClure out of the telescoped diesel cab with the use of aladderand rope A doctor aboard the train Dr L R Brown of Carbondale I1L gave emergency first aid to many Other doctors who arrived on the scene shortly were L R Went worth of Marble Rock B V An derson and H G McLeod of Greene Ambulances from Greene Rockford and Charles Citj were hampered by very icy roads Steam Pipe Brcke Hill was burned when a steam pipe broke in the galley Other employes had to pull him from under a pile of debris Mrs Nolti mier was believed to bo one of those in the diner It was in the capacityfilled diner which is the forward sec tion of the parlor car on the rear of the train where the most seri ous injuries occurred One witness explained It this way Those who were sitting at tables which were torn from their moorings suffered ta least as they were able to go with 1 the impact while a number of ;