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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 24, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS PAPER FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF A R C H I V t j THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JANUARY 24 1942 THIS PAPEfl CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIOKS SECTION ONE JAP TANK DRIVE IN MALAYA ers Bag 32 Planes in Two Days at Rangoon WILSON NOT TO ISSUE SPECIAL SESSION CALL Wilson Declares Cash Balance Should Be Retained by State By FRANK T NYE Iowa Daily Tress Writer DES it straight from your governor no special session of the Iowa legislature will be called in the immediate future Commentinir on an editorial in the Council Bluffs Nonpareil of Jan 20 which suggested a spe cial session to cut taxes Gov George A Wilson said the states present cash balance should be retained as a war cushion against anticipated declines in collection of special laxes see no reason for a special session at Hits time he said The editorial called attention lo the cash balance of SIO000000 in Iowas treasury at the close of the fiscal year June 30 1941 the in creasingly heavy burden of federal taxes and specifically called for 1 Elimination or reduction of state income tax 2 A onehalf reduction in stale sales tax or elimination of this tax on food and clothing 3 An effort lo reduce other state and local taxes where possible A special session of the legis lature would costonly a tiny frac tion of Hie reductions it could make in the editorial sugi gested We believe the governor oughtto call a special session for the sole purpose of cutting ex penses and reducing taxes Economy has been one of the governors pet hobbies but he be lieves that the cash balance is needed for a war cushion While normally I do not ap prove of large balances in public treasuries the governor declared under present conditions I think it is sound judgment and I think it wise that the balance should be retained When he up rend slops and you start down the other side of the graph with income dimin ished then he reserve which you have can and should be used as a cushion fund to the end that normal functions of govern ment can operate unimpaired Governor Wilson who said that his record of economy since 1339 had contributed largely to building the cash balance to be used in event of war emphasized that re duction of present taxes coupled with anticipated declines in col lections of special taxes would cut deeply into the cash balance The inevitable result would be new taxes he said and that certainly is not in the offing now ft is estimated that the use tax collections will be down about S15QOOOO Fince new car sales have been prohibited the governor ex plained and sharp reductions in collections of other revenues are anticipated This was corroborated by Comp troller C Fred Porter who pointed out that only of the ac tual cash balance is un encumbered Of the remaining S7 450000 at least S5500000 is con sidered as onefourth of the states annual revolving fund for normal operating expenses Sl6nO000 is earmarked for a new state office building and for the first unit of a new Univer sity of Iowa library War has post poned or canceled both these proj ects but the money must remain intact until there is legislative action releasing it Special taxes collected for the year ending June 30 1941 totaled 55012599239 Porter foresees a reduction of at least S5600000 in the same collections for the fiscal year ending June 30 1942 A drop of 54000000 in gaso linc tax collections 51500000 in use tax collections and in beer tax collections make up the total Porter also predicts reductions in collections of insurance taxes and in vari ous other taxes and fees but said these are difficult to estimate Porter also predicted that ap propriations which were made by the 1941 legislature and which would normally have been ade quate to cover the biennium end ing June 30 1943 probably will run not until the 1943 legislature fs in session and can make deficiency appropriations from the present cash balance He gave a concrete example of the heavy increase in costs Food stuffs purchased some lime ago for Russia Claims Armies Have Almost Encircled Smolensk 230 Miles West of Moscow Great Tank Battle Is Reported Raging on North African Desert By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Russias harddriving armies were reported Saturday to have almost encircled Adolf Hitlers field headquarters at Smolensk 230 miles west of Moscow bot tled up Germanheld Rzhev and advanced within 120 miles of the Latvian frontier in a 65 mile sweep through the Valdai hills Whether Hitler still remained at Smolensk was unknown Rzhev 125 miles northwest of Moscow was a main German de fense anchor guarding the cape corridor of Hitlers battered armies retreating along the Na poleonic road from Mozhaisk to Smolensk RESULT OF TANK BATTLE IN AFRICA YET UNKNOWN On the North African front the astonishing boomerang of Britains counteroffensive was marked by a great new tank battle ragin along the Gulf of Sirte north ol axisreoccupicd Agedabia A bulletin from British head Quarters said LieutGen Neil Ritchies main British forces had engaged the counterat tacking German army on a very large battlefield but that the result of the fighting was not yet knowp Dispatches said Gen Erwin Rommel had apparently thrown more than half of his remaining tanks into a triangular battle zone with its points at Agedabia 80 miles south of Bengasiat Saun nu 42 miles to the east and at Antelat 30 miles northeast of Agedabia A German communique report ed briefly that in North Africa the attack of German and Italian last troops supported by bombers and dive bombers is continuing successfully Premier Mussolinis high com mand said GermanItalian motor ized columns were continuing their offensive and that strong enemy units were pushed back farther east of Agedabia NAZI PROPAGANDA AT NEW HIGH IN RUSSIA German propaganda hit a new high in commenting oiv the tre mendous Russian surge A Berlin broadcast flatly denied that the alleged great Russian offensive had reached Kholm and declared that anyway fighting was still go ing on there The soviet army has not en gaged in one single large scale attack during the last eight weeks the broadcast asserted BALTIC REPUBLICS ARE URGED TO REVOLT Meanwhile revolt of the German occupied Baltic republics was urged by soviet Russia as a means of capitalizing immediately on red army victories Pamphlets and radio broad casts carried the plea to the people of Lithuania Latvia and stales invaded and absorbed by the V S S R in 1940 then invaded and taken over by Germany in 1941 Soviet soldiers who captured Kholm 260 miles northwest of Moscow are based only 120 miles from the Latvian frontier The re occupation ofKholm and 2000 other settlements on the northern front was announced in a special communique Friday night Roberts Gives F R Report on Pearl Harbor Raid Probe JUSTICE ROBERTS the 15 board of control institu tions for the six months period ending June 30 today would cost 5125000 more Officials said that the cash balance is something to fall back o Specific Findings Summary Conclusions Listed in 51 Pages WASHINGTON full re port on the Janancse surprise at tack on Pearl Harbor Dec 7 fixing responsibility and naming names was submitted to President Roose velt Saturday by Associate Justice Owen J Roberts head of the in vestigating commission The 51 page document with its finding of facts and conclusions was to be released Saturday night in full Justice Roberts spent nearly two hours with President Roose velt Saturday gomv through the document line by line He told reporters afterward lhat it contained a letter saying whit the commission had covered speci fic findings of facts a summary of facts and the conclus ions He said each of the five members of the commission had signed the report Stephen Early presidential sec retary said the report would be c on if financial aid is necessary for ihe war effort and if federal gov ernment matching of state funds m some cosponsored projects is withdrawn Add all this together and it spells NO SPECIAL SESSION in the near future Ambitious Girl HOLLYWOOD yP Starlet IVIariiyn Hare has an ambition to kiss 10000 soldiers Need it be added that the boys arc coopera ting 10000 per cent As a member of an actors en tertainment unit Marilyn sings Kiss the Boys Goodyc Shes been to 12 camps so has kissed 709 soldiers That leaves only 9291 to go Line up boys Defense Problems Are Surveyed by State Guard DES MOINES P A Lainson of the Iowa state guard Saturday disclosed state guard of ficers arc making a statewide sur vey of defense problems The survey which is scheduled to cover water supplies bridges factories railroads and the like is being made in battalion sectors the colonel said There are a total ot six battalions in the two Male guard regiments mimeographed promptly and re be of leased Saturday niaht He had said earlier it xvould submitted first to the director censorship Bryon Price for de letion of any matter that might be of value to the enemy However he declared that it had beende cided to turn the report out to public completely and in full Asked whether there would u any immediate action on the bzfi of the report Early replied that the document would be studied over the weekend and probably most of next week He said the president had told Justice Roberts that he consid ered it a most painstaking and most thorough investigation and report The commission was in Hawa 20 days from Dec 22 to Jan and held hearings Early said the be ii 10 jnv LJCII ijf odlU from dawn to dusk except lor two Sundays and two holidays Other members of the commis M el McCoy Brigadier General P McNamey and Admirals liam H Standley and Joseph Reeves All but McNarney an a tive air corps officer are retired niES FROM INJURIES DES MOINES T Wal lace 84 of DCS Moincs died F night of injuries which i Japs Threaten Australia AUSTRALIA T shows where the Japs are attacking New Britain New Guinea and the Solomon islands on the path to Australia The Macassar straits where Dutch planes bombed eight Jap ships also are indicated The Dutch ilso have destroyed oil wells in Borneo B while tne k I government has ordered all citizens able to do war work to remain in Batavia Cripps Convinced Russia and Japs Will Eventually Clash Retiring British Envoy to Reds Says Much Aid Needed in Spring LONDON ruK Stafford Cripps retiring British ambassa dor to Russia said Saturday in nis first press conference since hs return lhat he was convinced Russia and Japan would ultimate ly clash There have been long standing differences between Russia and Japan and 1 am convinced they will never be solved except by force Cripps said Cripps sent lo Moscow in 1940 when Russia still maintained good relations with Germans expressed himself as exceedingly optimistic over the Russian cam paign but he warned lhat a tremendous allied effort would be necessary to sustain the Rus sians against the prospective German offensive in the spring He said he did not believe re ports that Russia was interested only in driving Germans from Russian territory Despite the belief that the Russians fight best on their own soil I am convinced that thcv are determined to smash the German army and will fight on until it is beaten he said They are de termined to mop up the Germans Premier Josef Stalin expected lo drive the Germans back a good way in the present drive Cripps said but looks forward in the spring to a heavy German count erdrive which may or may not make some headway Russia has doubled or trebled its war production in rear areas and some industries which were transferred east during the big German drive of last fall are already in operation Cripps said More will begin operations within the next six months he said and Russia will have a very great war production Cripps said Russias production of tanks was now larger lhan on June 22 last when Germany at tacked By the end of winter he as serted the Russian army will be twice as big as it was last June and the actual fighting forces will be fully equipped The prospects for the German army are very poor he com mented SIR STAFFORD CRIPPS Naps With Toothpick Hospital for Operation SPRINGFIELD 111 Arthur Clauses habit of taking afterdin ner naps with a toothpick in his mouth sent him to a hospital for a major operation When surgeons extracted a toothpick that had ipierces an intestinal wall Clause remembered he couldnt find the Iowa Family Receives Australian Phone Call STORY CITY nine min ute conversation by telephone be I ween Lieut Hubert I Egenes somewhere in Australia anri mem bers of his family was held here Friday According to Ivor Egenes his father the family was notified in advance of the call and a 15 minute period of instruction was devoted to the nature of the con versation Egenes said it was con fined mostly to the weather and friends Davenport Sports Editor Donates Lips to Aid Red Cross DAVENPORT Edi tor John ODonncll of the Daven port Democrat donates his lips to the Red Cross Saturday night Hailed by a rival sports editor as the cornbelts most kissablc ODonncll admitted it and ac cepted the offer to raffle his kisses at a dime a pucker The price ought lo be higher but even at a dime we can made plenty for the Rod Cross he said Im younger than Barrymore got more hair than Boyer and not as tall as Jimmy Stewart so the gals can reach me without stretching The kiss raffle takes place be tween halves of a special Red Cross benefit basketball game be tween the state champions of Dav enport high school and Savanna 111 O Donnell one of the referees will work the game with no com pensation but the kisses Mrs ODonnell will officiate the kissing match She is the referee timer WEDGE DRIVEN BY JAPS INTO BATAN DEFENSE MacArthurs Counter Drives Win Back Some of Lost Positions WASHINGTON UR Terrific Japanese attacks supported by naval vessels and aircraft have driven wedges into General Doug las MacArthurs Batan lines and captured some positions on the west coast of the peninsula the war department reported Satur day Heavy losses were inflicted upon the Japanese the communi que said but for the first time since the war in the Philippines started it was admitted that the American defenders also suffered they could ill afford IHacArthurs men fatigued bv constant fighting and outnum bered by the powerfully rein forced Japanese troop launched counter attack after counter at tack The counter attacks succeeded in recovering some of the lost posi tions but others it was admitted remained in Japanese control The communique indicated for Hie first time that MacArthur may be in serious difficulty to maintain his lines on Batan penin sula The climax of the big Japa nese drive appeared to be ap proaching Though fatigued from constant f i guti n the communique report ed American and Philippine troops continued their stubborn re sistance contesting savagely every advance made by the enemy Their enthusiasm courage and devotion are undimimshed The communique mentioned no place names on the west Balan shore where the battle was at its height However Jap anese reports have claimed the capture of Moron almost halt way down the peninsula and in dicated that a drive is rapidly developing for Basac which is linked with the east Batan toast by the only eastwest highway across the peninsula The communique did not indi cate whether the Japanese attack has developed sufficient momen tum to endanger MacArthurs en tire position on Batan peninsula However it was notable that it was the first time since MacAr thur took up his lines there that he had officially admitted the ap parently permanent loss of posi tions on the peninsula It was presumed that if Japan ese pressure grows too severe Mac Arthurs forces eventually will fall back to Corregidor fortress for an extended siege Despite their already great numerical superiority the en tire 14th Japanese army has been ashore for some Japanese arc continuing to land fresh forces in Subic bay and along the western Batan coast the communique revealed These landings it was evident constitute a flanking threat to MacArthurs main oastwest posi tions which are presumed to run to vicinity ot moved warships the cast coast Balanga The Japanese up along the coast to Support their landing efforts with bombardment of the U S defensive probably strongly cmplaced artil lery batteries for the most part They also were employing aircraft to a greater extent than recently Against the Japanese air assault it was revealed by a war depart ment spokesman MacArthur still has a tiny force of Curtis P40 did have until most recent days Sent Roosevelt and Churchill MELBOURNE Australia he government Saturday night rdercd immediate mobilization of all home defense forces in full ighting strength to meet the ur gent threat of a Japanese attempt to invade Australia The mobilization order was Issued after an emergency war cabinet meetingat which it was decided to send a second ur gent appeal within 24 hours to President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill for immediate aid against the Japa nese forces which have won bases northeast and northwest of Australia Deputy Prime Minister F M Forrie who is also war minister conferred with Gen Vernon Slur dec chief of the general staff on defense measures Government reports indicated that Australian national guards men and volunteers were fight ing Japanese invasion troops in the interior of New Britain island in the Bismarck archipel ago andin the neighborhood of Kiela in the Solomons southeast of New Britain Reports were indefinite and it was not known whether the Aus tralians had retired from Rabaul chief town of New Britain 800 miles northeast of the mainland or from Kicta on Bougainville island in the Solomons 275 miles southeast of New Britain where the Japanese were believed lo have effected landings in force The Japanese had established themselves on the northern arm ot Dutch Celebes off the north west corner of Australia and the government held that the situa tion was urgent because the Japanese navy had effectively isolated the continent until re inforcements arrived A first appeal for aid had been sent to the president and the prime minister Friday The war cabinet at an emergency meeting Saturday morning decided to ap peal again at once for reinforce ments in aircraft warships and war materials The appeal was based on the advice of military leaders that the allies must hold the Japanese be fore they can secure bases in New Guinea and cross the island clotted Tores strait to the main land 100 miles away A Japanese imperial head quarters communique broadcast by the Tokio radio and recorded in San Francisco by United Press said Japunese land and naval forces landed Friday morning on New Ireland island as well as on New Britain H was the first intimation that landing had been made on New Ireland which is northeast ot New Britain The communique said the land ing on New Britain was made at dawn near Rabaul Specially trained marines at the same time pushed ashore at Cardiana N e w Ireland island it was said Boy 1 6 Convicted For First Degree Murder LITTLE FALLS Minn Richard Dehler 16 year Old farm boy who members confessed slaying four of his family faced across the Peninsuirbeinnng on mCmbCrS Sf his family faced the east coast in the vicmnv de Buy your defense savings stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier hoy or al the yG business office British Ship Sinks Jap Sub in Far East LONDON A British ship operating in the far cast has de stroyed a Japanese submarine the admiralty announced Saturday The admiralty issued this brief communique Information has been received that one of his majestys ships operating in far eastern waters has destroyed a Japanese sub marine The submarine was brought lo the surface by a depth charge and then sunk by gunfire Some of the crew were taken prisoner gree murder conviction A district court jury found the youth guilty of murdering his mother Mrs Regina Dehlcr after deliberating the case less than four hours Dehler also faces trial on three other first degree murder indict ments for the slaying of his father sister and small brother Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY No precipitation continued mild Saturday after noon and Saturday night IOWA Continued mild Saturday afternoon and Saturday night MINNESOTA Continued mild temperature Saturday afternoon and Saturday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday x 50 Minimum Friday night 28 At 8 a m Saturday 20 The mercury shot up to50 Fri day It has been 15 days since the temperature has been below zero and 23 clays since there has been measurable precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum 17 Minimum 7 Precipitation ni Snowfall 21 AUSSIES GUNS BLAST JAPS ON MAIN HIGHWAY Thousands at Rangoon Watch Jap 2 Motored Fighter Planes Crash By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor Australian gunners smashed a column of Japanese tanks and Iroops in the Malayan jungles 67 miles north of Singapore Satur day Dutch bombers blasted a Japanese invasion flotilla olf Bor neo and to cap a day o united nations victories U S and Brit ish fighters wiped out seven twin engined Japanese bombers in a wild dogfight over Rangoon Burma W h i I c chcerinc thousands watched the Rangoon sky bat tle the American and British flyers also shot down four Japa nese fighter planes bringing the combined RAFYankee score to 32 enemy planes destroyed in two days In the critical battle for Singa pore frontline dispatches said Australian artillerymen poured a deadly torrent of shells into a Japanese contingent attemptiing to advance down the main highway north of Yong Peng 67 miles above Singapore smashing tanks and trucks Major Victor Gordon Bennett Australian commander also re ported that an Aussie force Malayan west coast by Japanese seaborne troops landing behind their backs had escaped to rejoin the main Australian imperial force 1 In Washington a navy spokes man tersely announced the de struction of an unspecified num ber of axis submarines preying on ships in Atlantic coastal waters 2 In Burma American and British flyers shot down a record bag or 32 Japanese planes at tacking the Burmese capital Ran goon 3 A British warship operating the far Pacific sank another Japanese submarine 4 In Singapore the absence oC air attacks since Friday morning indicated that reinforcements of 350mileanhour RAF Hurricane fighters had beaten off the Japan ese air force 5 The Singapore radio reported definite pause in the Japan ese drive on the port of Moulmein Burma across the bay from Ran goon as British and native resist ance sharply stiffened The air force is giving splen did support to the land forces and is already raiding Thailand air bases close lo the Burma border the broadcast said On the Malayan battlcfront British headquarters reported that heavy fighting raged without de cision in the critical battle GO miles north of Singapore with British Australian and imperial Indian troops fiercely attacking the main Janancse invasion army Roaring over the green hell jungles RAF flyers bombed and machinegunned Japanese troops and transports in the Labis sector in the middle of the 80mile front which zigzags across the narrow Alala peninsula On the east coast where the Japanese had driven lo the Mersing sector 65 miles north of Singapore British headquarters tersely reported no change in the situation An official Tokio and these it should be noted are frequently exaggerated asserted that Japanese troops had driven the Australian 8th division and the British 45th battalion out of their defense positions and occupied the town of Parit Suiong The broadcast also claimed that Japanese vanguards advancing south after capturing the town ot Labis 80 miles north of Singapore had approached within a mile of Yong Peng 19 miles due west ot Kluang Kluang is only 50 miles north of Singapore in central Johore state T Is Born to Governor Mrs Stassen ST PAUL Harold K Stasscii was pacing the cigars Saturday An eight pound girl born Friday night to Mr Stamen in Bethesda hospital The child is the Stasscns second ;