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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, January 23, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 23, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORY AND ARCHIVES DCS THE NEWSPAKR THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL MOUTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOLU Pros and United Pnss Full Leucd Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JANUARY S3 1945 Thlx Paper Consists of Two NO THREATEN TO GUT OFF EAST PRUSSIA Yanks Smash Into St Vith as German Retreat Turns to Rout CONTINUE ROUT OF NAZI ARMY German Rearguards Offer Only Resistance to Yanks in St Vith Paris iP The first army fought house to house Tuesday in St Vith delivering the knockout to the Ardennes salient while the disorganized and broken remnams of 3 routed German armies reeled back eastward under the most savage air onslaught of the war The 7th armored division en tered St Vith at dawn Its fall was imminent Soon after sunup American planes started their 2nd straight day of relentless attack on the Joe Only German rearguards fought inthe streets oj St Vith Germans to the east were laying down heavy shell fire from posi tions in an effort to protect the retreat from the evaporated bulge A first army spokesman de scribed resistance as moderate but the 7th armored division and attached parachuteinfantry were having to blast the nazis out of a house at a time The ah force was giving ground troops close support and ranging far behind the lines all the way to the Mason Cityan in German Prison Taken by Russians Family Awaiting Official Word of Release of Prisoners With the announcement Mon day by PremiervStaiin of the cap ture of Oplag prison camp 64 of ficial information on the release of prisoners there has been awaited inMason City Capt Bill Whorley of Mason City who has been aprisoner of war of ihe Germans since1 last June was interned in this camp C W Whorley father of the war prisoner heard Alex Drieron the NBC network Tuesday morn ing state that release of 1000 American prisoners to the Rus sians had taken place Capt Clyde Herring Jr of Des Moines son of the former United States senator from Iowa had also been interned in this camp Mr Whorley stated Oplag 64 is south and west of Poznan Poland one of 3 big ob jectives in the present Russian drive an Mofiday when 158jpieces of Road to Berlin 1 Eastern Front 150 miles Moscow 2 Western Front 310 miles LinnichJulichDuren 3 Italian Front 544 miles Reno east of the jHaguehau forest in northern Alsace Mofiday heavy equipment were destroyed pir disabled Figuresfor the 9th air force attack force alone by p m totalled 464 trucks destroyed and 567 damaged 14 armored vehicles destroyed and 18 damaged 32 railcars destroyed and 123 dam aged These figures did not in clude exploits of the 19th and 29th attackforces which hadnot re ported it was a clear day and the skies were blotted only by enormous pillars of black smoke curling from German columns caught by the fleet P38 and PIT fighter bombers The airground teamwork was perfect with the planes pumping their bombs into some enemy po sitions scarcely 300 yards from 1st army tanks Northeast of St Vith Maj Gen Matthew B Ridgeways 18th air borne corps was having trouble keeping up with the fast pace of enemy retreat West of the town the 30th division neared Mal dange and Braunlauf The 84th division driving up from the sputhwest pushed a mile and a half eastof Beho The Germans still were press ing against the TJ S 7th army In northern Alsace but supreme headquarters said that the front VI from Bitche to Raguenan to r Strasbourg remained substantially unchanged with actions limited to local engagements There was no confirmation of a Berlin declara tion that the Germans had cap tured the major base of Haguenau 15 miles north of Strasbourg The German communique as serted that the U S 7th army front had collapsed north and direction of theM o Te sector south the official report added In hot pur suit our troops captured forts of the Magiriot line and liberated a vast area of old German territory including the towns of Nieder broon Reichshoffen Woerth and Lt Gen Alexander M Patch disclosed that elements of the French first army were operating with his 7th army in the nine miles area north of Strasbourg to Gambsheim The Germans at tacked twice Sunday night near Kilstett six miles north of the city and were beaten back with the loss of 300 prisoners A German attack in battalion strength was repulsed at the southeast edge of the Bitche sal ient in the snow shrouded woods French poilus attacking the southerp rim of the Colmar pocket cleared out the main suburbs of Mulhouse and reached Cernay They overran German strongholds elsewhere along the line First army patrols which en tered St Vith at daybreak had been checked temporarily by road blocks On the south elements of the third armys 17th airborne di vision closed to within nine miles southwest of the town The seventh armored division and supporting infantry captured Hnnnangen Monday night and moved over intervening 1500 yards into St Vith early Tuesday The retreating Germans were subjected to terrible attrition by the allied air forces and by Amer can artillery Heavy shellfire was poured into nazi ranks from long toms and heavy howitzers Wallace Jones Will Appear Before Senate Washington Senate com mittee consideration of Henry A Wallaces nomination as commerce secretary was delayed Tuesday by a 10to2 decision to up first legislation i him of lending V Immediately ChairmanBailey D N of the commerce committee announced that both Wallace and Jesse Jones who was asked to leave office to make room for the former vice presi dent would be invited to a public hearing on the legislation Wednes day afternoon hi the caucus room of the senate office building Another invitation went out to Senator George D sponsor of the bill to reestablish the loan functions of the RFC and other im portant lending agencies under a separate head George appeared before the committee Tuesday to argue for his proposal Bailey told reporters after the closed session that we dont in tend to delay this matter However he emphasized that the committee intends to dispose of the George bill before it acts on the bitterly contested nomina 70 SUPERFORTS BOMBNAGOYA PLANE CENTER B29s Operate for 1st Time Under Lemay Hit Industrial Japan Pearl Harbor Tokyo radio said about 70 Superfortress es from the Marianas raided the Japanese homeland aircraft cen ter of Nagoya for 2 hours Tues day The war department announc ing the raid said the B29s again struck at the center of industrial Japan A communi que gave no details of the attack by the Superfortresses operating under a new commander Maj Gen Curtis Lemay The Japanese claimed fierce Interception interfered with the several formations of biff bomb ers that they were able to do only slight damage They said nothing however of any Ameri can planes shot down or damaged Destruction of 140 Japanese aircraft and damaging of 100 more by planes of the 3rd fleet in de structive attacks Sunday Tokyo time on Formosa and the adja REDS FIGHT IN troops advance in Budapest in their fight to clear the enemy from the capital city according to Moscow caption accompanying this photo Americans Push Nearer Clark Field Airstrips tion Senator Pepper D Fla said the committee decided over his vigorous protest to start hearings on the measure introduced by Senator George D Ga Wednes day afternoon with Jesse Jones whom Wallace would displace as a witness It obviously is a move to make passage of Senator Georges bill a condition precedent to a vote on Mr Wallaces confirmation Pep per told a reporter adding that the former vice president also would be a witness Senate opposition to the pro posed cabinet shift echoed mean while in the house with a brief but sharp exchange between the democratic and republican leader cent Sakishima and Pescadore disclosed in a Pa cific fleet communique Tokyo said the carrierbased assault on the Formosa area had gone Into a 2nd day Mondjiy with aj tetalforce of jilines Japaneseinstallations in the 2day period Eightyfive of the raiders were shot down and 68 damaged Tokyo said The Japanese radio also said American Lightning fighter planes had joined landbased bombers for the first in attacking Formosa Apparently from Phil ippines bases 80 Lightnings and 20 Liberators raided southern Formosa for 3 hours Sunday Tokyo said w The report of the largescale landbased assault was not con firmed immediately but Gen Douglas Mac Arthurs communi que reported that patrol planes from the Philippines bombed the harbor at Takao Formosa by night and shot down an enemy float plane in the Okinawa is lands by day Adm Chester W Nimitzs Pa cific fleet communique disclosed that carrier planes from Adm William F Halseys 3rd fleet also inflicted heavy damage on ship ping and ground installations in the Formosa area Sunday Incomplete reports said at least 2 large ships docks and the in ship dustrial area were set afire at Takao Japanese naval base on the southwest coast of Formosa and considerable damage was inflicted on shipping at Keelnng Toshien and Nan Wan harbors Formosa at Alalco in the Pesca1 Cuyapo dores and in the Sakishima islands Fortythree enemy planes were shot down in aerial combat 97 were destroyed on the ground and approximately 100 more were EXPECT FALL OF BAMBAN SOON Capture Capas in General MacAftiuirs HeiS quarters Luzop of the American 14th corps drove to within sight of Bamban and the first of the Clark field air strips only 53 miles north of Ma nila Tuesday Capas 4 miles northeast of Bamban and 56 miles north of Manila fell Monday in the swift American advance down the main highway to the Philippines cap ital and it appeared likely that Bamban also would be captured by dusk Tuesday Resistance continued negligible Though earlier reports indicated the Japanese might make a stand at Bamban headquarters now an ticipated no more than a delay ing action Optimism rose that all 11 of Clark fields valuable air strips soon may be in American hands The Americans also further strengthened their eastern anc western flanks against the pos sibility of a Japanese counterat tack as the invasion of Luzon went into its 3rd week One column thrusting down the west coast of Luzon beyond the Zambalos mountains reached In fanta 74 miles north of Bataan peninsula after clearing the en damaged in attacks on Formosan airdromes at Heito Choshu Mat suyama Eiko Kuputsua Giran IKoshen and Taien Brewer Case Continued in Osage Court Osage Judge M iT Kepler Tuesday continued until eb 6 the case of Mrs Helen Brewer former Iowa bus queen who is charged with assault with intent to commit murder The case was scheduled to open Tuesday Mrs Brewer filed a mo tion forcontinuance based on an affidavit of a Mason City doctor that she was confined to a hospital and was unable to attend the trial FJpyd County Sheriff B F Ath ertoh has accused Mrs Brewer of attacking him with a club when he and a deputy went lo the farm of her father last November with a search warrant in a hunt for stray calves YANK BODIES FOUND IN BELGIAN a snow covered field at Five Corners near Malmedy Belgium American soldiers check the bodies of fallen Yanks for identifi cation A few Americans who escaped from this sector told of Germans shooting a group of American prisoners here NEAR MANDALAY Southeast Asia Command Head quarters Kandy Ceylon British forces closing in on Man dalay have driven to within 25 miles of the city on the west anc 40 miles on the north a com munique announced Tuesday GEN HANFORD MACNIDER In Philippine Campaign eastern wing capturei 30 miles northeast o Capas and Anao 5 miles south west of Cuyapo sent patrols 01 o nearby Mt Balungao and bea off a Japanese Banzai charge nea Damortis at he northeastern til of the invasion area Gen Douglas MacArthur riis closed that 5 divisions and a spe cial regimental combat otal of 75000 to 100000 troop vere fighting on Luzon divide nto 2 corps Spearheading the advance on Manila Maj Gen Oscar W Gris wolds 14th corps captured both apas 11 miles south of Tarlac and Santa Monica 84 mileseast of Capas Monday dozen smaller villages were overrun in the advance and a front dispatch said patrols were probing the Bamban river valley within sight of both of Bamban and the Bamban airstrip north ernmost of the Clark field con stellation The 14th corps sent one column branching out1 to the west toward Camp Oltonncll 8M miles from Capas where a large number of American war prisoners formerly were confined Lt Warren Brandon of Forest Hills N Y who flew over the camp in an observation plane saic the Japanese had set fire to native villages in the area He saw a skirmish under way apparently between Japanese and Filipino guerrillas The Japanese may make their first strong stand north of Manila in the Fort Stotsenberg area 10 miles southwest of Bamban They were known to have strong forces at the fort where father Lt Arthur MacArthur once was commandant The 14th corps comprises Ma Gen Robert F Beightlcrs 37th 200 FORTS HIT YARDS AT NEUSS 14 Fighters Lost in Transport Attack London hundred Fly ing Fortresses bombed the railway yards at Neuss on the western edge of the Ruhr in at quick fol lowup Tuesday to a triple nigh assault on reich targets by mor than 500 British Lancasters Halifaxes The American bombers were es corted by 100 Mustangs The Neuss yards were attacked Monday by divebombers of the continentbased TJ S 9th air force and almost 1000 cars were de stroyed or damaged Tuesday the heavy American bombers dumped more than 600 tons of explosives among the debris The Neuss yards have served as a junction for traffic between the Ruhr and the western front A synthetic oil plant at Duisburg vas set afire by the British flyers triking within 5 miles of the spot vhere American heavy bombers Honday dealt a telling blow to the Stcrkrade fuel plant The air ministry announced that 2 bombers failed to return from the night operations Mondays reported tollof 4158 pieces of German transport de stroyed or disabled by allied air craft was achieved at a cost to the U S air forces of 14 fighters and one fighterbomber all victims of round fire Say Subasic Will Ignore Dismissal London An authoritative urceCsaid Tuesday that Dr Ivan Jubasic vith Britishapproval1 would ignore the request of King Peter of Yugoslavia that he resign as premier of the Yugoslav gov ernmentinexile and would proceed with Marshal Tito in the establishment of a federal demo cratic regime in his country Meanwhile Peter in an attempt o avoid appointment of a regency ias handed the task ot forming a new royal government to Milan roll Serbian antiTito leader and former foreign minister Dr Subasic summoned his cabi net to consider steps to be taken in view of Monday nights royal pro nouncement ousting the cabinet Indicative of the Subasic gov ernments stand was the absence of pictures of Peter which until Tuesday morning had appeared on the desks and walls of the of fices of the premier and his min isters One highranking Yugoslav of ficial described Peters move as a coup tietat which backfired Subasic met with his dismissed cabinet for more than 3 hours and Yugoslav quarters expressed be lief that a fusion government with Tito as premier nnd Subasic as foreign minister might be an nounced within the next 10 days ENTER POZNAN ONLY 137 MILES FROM BERLIN Report Troops Push on Breslau Oppeln in Silesia Battle BULLETIN London Russian troops driving westward through East Prussia have struck to within less than 21 miles of Konigsberg capturing Lablau Marshal Stalin announced in a 3rd order of the day London Red army troops have thrust within 22 miles of completing a gigantic cutoff of all East Prussia and the trapping of perhaps 30 German divisions Premier Marshal Stalin disclosed Tuesday night Reports from Berlin meanwhile said the Russians had burstinto Poznan 137 miles from Berlin on the direct route and Stalin an nounced the capture of Byd goszcz southern guardian of the Polish corridor Biting halfway across the west ern end of East Prussia the 2nd White Russian army seized Saal feld only 22 miles below Elbing Baltic coastal town and last land escape gap for Germans in East Prussia Stalin declared in an order of the day Soviet troops were but 50 miles southeast of Danzig Marshal Gregory Zhukovs 1st White Russian army rampaging through Poland captured Byd goszcz at the entrance to the Polish corridor farther southwest cutting a main supply line from Berlin to East Prussia Street fighting in Poznan last bastion city short of the releh frontier was reported in the Stockholm dispatch from Berlin Soviet troops tothe southin Silesia were driving on Nazis Say Himmler at Eastern Front London Hitler has sent Heinrich Himmler and his best army commanders to the eastern front with full powers to make drastic decisions and to guarantee their execution the Berlin radio announced Tuesday Himmler gestapo chieftain and commander of the German home army was dispatched to the east because the situation at focal points called for ironwilled men like him said the broadcast by Transocean news agcncyi Transocean quoted the German army newspaper Front and Home as saying Himmler and his aides could be relied upon to restore the situation as we have mastered many difficult situa tions Weather Report and Map Gen Rapp Brushs 40th divisions all veterans of jungle fighting in the Solomons The first corpsunder Maj Gen nsis P Bull Swift holding down the eastern flank steadily was driving the Japanese deeper into be hills flanking the Luzon plains In addition to capturing Cuyapo and Anao the first corps knocked out several light tanks and tank ettes in thwarting enemy attempts to infiltrate its lines hear San Elon In the first corps are Mai Ed win Patricks 6th Maj Gen Charles L Mullins 25th and Maj Gen Leonard F Wings 43rd divi sions along with Brig Gen Han ford MacNiders 1581h regimental combat team Mason and FORECAST City Fair Tuesday night and Oppeln and might have tem porarily reached the Oder river the Germans Stalin in an order of the day proclaimed the capture of Byd goszcz a main railhighway junction at the entrance to the Polish corridor 87 miles below Danzig It is 65 miles northeast of Poznan This tlirusf by part of marshal Gregory Zhukovs forces sweeping across Poland from Warsaw susc sored a principal rail route from Berlin feeding supplies to German defenders of East Prussia the Prussian military caste homeland being carved up by 2 tremendous offensives Stalins order on Bydgoszcz sa luted 20 generals and 27 other commanders and described the city as a powerful strongpoint on the lower reaches of the Vistula river A Swiss dispatch said German commanders from all fronts had met at German supreme head quarters Saturday to plot steps to halt Stalins steamroller drives and that farreaching decisions had been reached concerning em ployment of reserves from other fronts Already said a dispatch from the western front German divi sions have been shifted from Gen Eisenhowers front to meet the Russians in the east Other soviet armies driving tn seal off East Prussia were reported within 37 miles of the port of Elb ing in the northwest corner of the Junkers province on the bay of Danzig The capital of Konigsberg was menaced with encirclement The German high command said Marshal Gregory Zhukovs cross Poland drive had reached the area east of Poznan 140 miles from Berlin Moscow radio did not specify the point reached within ISO miles of the reich capital A French broadcast said Zhukova men were already in Poznans out skirts Moscow dispatches said Marshal Ivan Konevs forces had broken into the first defense line in Si lesia which runs from Oeis to Namslau to Breslau at 5 places and were within sight of the Oder shelling enemy fortifications on the opposite bank of that last big river barrier before Berlin The Wednesday no decided change in temperature lowest Tuesday night about 15 above Iowa Generally fair Tuesday night and Wednesday No de cided change in temperature except a little warmer in east portion Tuesday night Minnesota Partly cloudy with no decided change in temperature Tuesday night and Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Monday 27 Minimum Monday 11 at 8 a m Tuesday 21 YEAR AGO Maximum 46 Minimum 8 Oder flows through the heart of Silesia and Brandenburg province joining the sea at Stettin It bulges within 40 miles of Berlin Coordinated red army offen sives rapidly were carving up East Prussia Zhukovs army had cut half way across the base of the Polish corridor Marshal Konstantin Rokossov skys doublepronged drive into east Prussia from the south was hammering toward Elbing only 33 miles southeast of Danzig and had closed off a mainGerman rail es cape route Hitting in from the east Marshal Ivan Cherniakhovsky spearheads were within 25 miles of Konigsberg Only 70 miles separated Chtr niakhovskys and Rokossovskys forces in East Prussia At the 0 ;