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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 23, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER CDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PBESS AND UNITED PRESS f FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JANUARY 23 1943 Heaviest Blow of War Falls With Suddenness on Hapless Italians By UNITEDPRESS The heaviest blow olXthe war feil with deadening sudden ness upon the hapless Italian people Saturday as their high command informed them that the British had taken Tripoli jewel city of the now vanished Italian empire The Italians had been told little else and there had been no preparation for Saturdays announcement but the geographic position of Tripoli made it perfectly to them that practically all of Libya had joined thickest of their empire upon which so much Jiioney so many lives so much effort had been British hands and that Winston Churchill had fulfilled his pledge to rip Mussolinis overseas possessions to Persons familiar with Italy expected Italian morale to fall to its lowest point It point ed out that it was a profound psychological blow to all Ital ians since Tripoli is the lastof the Italian colonies and the only one of which Italians were real ly proud It was the only one with a large prosperous Italian popula tion and authoritative sources in London said its loss will strike dismay in the hearts of the Italian people who will see this British victory as the prelude to an at tack on their homeland United Press dispatches from Bern revealed that Italian news papers as recently as Wednesday made no mention of the fact that the British eighth army menaced Tripoli ignored The the Italian press had fail of Misurata Horns and Tarhuna and Satur days high command announce ment must have fallen like a bolt from the blue The fall of Tripoli in effect reduced Italy to the status of a mere continental power shat tering the dreams with which Mussolini had beguiled the Kalian people ot a new Borne that would rule as theancient one did all the lands surround ing the Mediterranean i iThejBritish had only to take the mjlfeotdesertcoastluie and Tunisia wipe but all ot the Italian em pireas it existed in 1940 when Mussolini took his country into the war hoping for quick profits at little cost Italy then had four colonie Libya of which Tripoli is the capital Ethiopia bloodily con quered in an unequal war in 193536 Eritrea and Italian So maliland Ethiopia Eritrea and conquered by the eastern Roman empire and in the middle of the seventh century was overrun by the Arabs who through various dynasties and affiliates ruled it until 1553 when Turkish brigands took it It is the only African city that figured in American martial his tory before the landing in French West Africa last year Its pirates were the scourge of the Mediter ranean collecting tribute from all nations who operated ships in that sea In 1801 an American fleet blockaded the city when the ruling pasha demanded an in crease in tribute The punitive action lasted four years The American frigate Philadelphia was seized by the pirates in 1803 and its crew held for ransom In 1805 the Ameri can William Eaton led a motley army of 500 men across the desert from Alexandria and with the aid ot American ships took Derna Soon afterward peace was concluded and 560000 som was paid for the Philadel phias crew Ten years later because of new piratical outrages Capt Stephen Decatur led a squadron into Tri poli harbor and compelled the pasha to comply with American demands Piracy was not enderi finally however until the French occupied Algeria in 1830 Last Organized Jap Forces on Sanananda Point Wiped Out725 Nipponese Killed ROME RADIO MOURNS LOSS Italy Admits Suffering r Heavy Desert Losses Somaliland were Italian East Africa grouped as The British reduced all of East Africa in 1941 taking Somaliland in January Eritrea in March and completing the reconquest of Ethiopia by May restoring Haile Selassie to his throne Had it not been for German in tervention Libya would have fallen in the same year Marshal Erwin Rommel commander oE the nazi Atrikakorps chased the British back into Egypt when they were half way across Libya The British chased him then only to be driven back by another axis ol lensive Last spring axis power reached its zenith and Rommel was stopped only at El Alamein 70 miles from Alexandria and Mussolini then made a secret visit to Africa to arrange for his triumphal entry into Cairo But in September the eighth army launched its tremendous offensive that shattered the axis array drove its remnants out of Esypt and across almost all of Libya a distance of some 1300 miles and Saturday was enter ing Tripoli richest largest and last remaining city of the Italian empire Tripoli was the only part of the Italian empire which has actual rather than mere potential value Eritrea acquired by bar ter purchase and diplomacy from 18801890 Somaliland acquired by the same means in 1880 were mainly of strategic value facing the Red sea and the Gulf of Aden and Ethiopias riches were enor mous but entirely undeveloped Practically all of Libya ac quired in a war the Turks in 19111912 is worthless desert land except for Tripoli and its hinterland the narrow coastal strip of Tripolitania Mussolini built it up to the Italian people as a paradise He spent millions there building 1500 miles of road modernizing Tripoli settling 1800 families of colonists He had hoped to settle eventually 80000 families in Tripolitania Tripoli has a population of the largest city that has yet fallen to British arms and fe built in terraces overlooking the blue Mediterranean 420 Miles south of the southern tin of Sicily It was founded by Phenicians at thedawn of re corded history They called it U was a Roman colony was conauered by the Vandals re loss of Tripoli the Rome radio said Saturday that the grea struggle which Italy has been waging for 23 months in Nortl Africa is coming to an end In n broadcast recorded bv the Associated Press the fascist an nounced admitted the Italians had suffered enormous losses in thi desert campaign and attributed the axis retreat to the Britis eighth armys superiority in men and equipment Emphasis was placed on lh Dart played by the British navy in lampering the flow of supplies to Marhshal Rommels forces A reat part of Britains submarine fleet had been concentrated in the Mediterranean the broadcast said The sacrifice of so much ter ritory certainly Is painful and i lias been defended with so mucl valor and with the loss so mud blood But in war the loss of ter ritory is not the end of ncuver the broadcaster said Or the other hand the loss of al these territories cannot proven ultimate victory THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 91 BRITISH TAKE TRIPOLI NAZI CHUTISTS FAIL TO BREAK LINE IN TUNISIA British and American Troops Move In to Help French Forces ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA IP German jarachute troops were dropped Behind the allied lines in Tunisia n a vain attempt to break the suc cessful resistance to the axis tanks usfi down the Kebir river and the Ousseltia valley but most of them were quickly rounded up allied headquarters announced Saturday German and allied land forces continued to fight in the Ousseltia valley below Pont Du Fahs while British and American planes bombed and shot up equipment of the German columns It was not disclosed immediate ly whether the parachutists were demolition squads attempting to destroy bridges and other vital structures or fighting forces try ing to seize positions in the allied rear P40s including the Lafayette Escadrille attacked enemy ve hicles and machine gun posts in Ihis Ousseltia area while A20s bombed enemy com munique Said Hurricane bomb ers r objectives at Pont Du Fahs Detailsof the ground action werenotdisclqseici by the com munique but it was reported Fri day that British and American round troops had moved in to help the French stave off twin thrusts sofithwestward from Pont du Fahs by which the Germans had hoped to wrest control of a 50mile long ridge as a barrier before their coastal communica tions lines Goes to Town First Time in 54 Get Sugar Ration Book JAMESON Mo new war regulations have practically made a nomad out of Farmei Clarence Caudy For 54 years he lived within 15 miles of Gallatin never once visited it He finally made the trip He needec a sugar ration book MEANS BUSINESS Film Star Clark Gable doesnt seem to be fooling about his intentions of knock ing down a few axis planes as he fires a 45 caliber tommy gun above on the range at the army air forces flexible gunnery school Tyndall field Florida Age and size re quirements were waived for Gable now a first lieutenant so that he might achieve his ambition to become an aerial gunner Papuan Campaign Which Japanese Started 6 Months Ago Is Ended ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN AUSTRALIA troops ave smashed the last organized apanese resistance at Sanananda oint alter wiping out more than 25 of the enemy tlms virtually nding the Papuan campaign vhich began six months ago when he Japanese landed at Gona Gen ral MacArthurs headquarters an ounced Saturday The announcement said that Australian and American forces rere mopping up scattered rem lants of the Sanananda garrison nd declared the count of Japa nese dead was steadily rising as latrols combed the jungle A considerable quantity of enemy material and equipment has been captured including field guns trucks and ammuni tion the communique added The victory signalized the elim nation of a Japanese army offi ially estimated at 15000 men vhich only last September marched across the rugged Owen tanley mountains to within 32 miles of Port Moresby vital al ied outpost on the southern shores of New Guinea Allied bombers meanwhile vere reported to have struck an other heavy blow at Japanese shipping in the harbor of Rabaul Britain1 sinking four vessel otaling 24000 tons in a lowlevel dawnattack Direct hits on a 4000ton cargo ship split and sank the vesse withhi 8000ton trans port was left burningwith ase ries of explosions Two search ights were extinguished by strat ng Although the big f o u r motored bombers ran into a hujh altitude snowstorm and icin conditions enronte to Ka banl and flew through heavy antiaircraft fire over the tar get all returned safely Other allied air formations Blasted at Japanese bases at Lac alamaua and Madang on the northeastern coast of Itfew Guine and also attacked an enemy mer chant vessel in the Arafiira sea off Cape Van Den Bosch ir Dutch New Guinea the communi que said At the same time two Japanesi bombers were reported to hav made a night raid on Darwin Australia dropping bombs harm jly in a swamp Three Japa nese raiders also attacked Milni bay New Guinea and a singl enemy plane dropped two bombs at Merauke on the south coast o Dutch New Guinea but caused no damage allied headquarters said OF THE ITALIAN EMPIRE Reds Take Salsk Base PUSH AHEAD IN DONETS BASIN Quick Outflanking Actions Under Way U S Puts 235000 Bushel Stock of Wheat on Market Acts to Keep Prices From Advancing Above Farm Parity Level LAGUARDIAADDS NO TESTIMONY Voices Bitterness Toward Ed Flynn BULLETIN WASHINGTON sen ale foreign relations committee closed its hearings Saturday on Edward J Flynns nomination to be minister to Australia after Flynn told it he would never have permitted the nomination had there been anything dis honorable in his life WASHINGTON iP M a y o LaGuardia of New York told a senate committee Saturday that because of longstanding political bitterness between himself and Edward J Flynn he did not feel qualified to offer an unprejudiced opinion concerning Flynns quali fications lo be minister to Aus tralia LaGuardia was on the witness stand of the foreign relations committee only a few minutes and said nil he knew about the case had been related Friday by William B Herlands New York City commissioner of investiga tions Robert L Moran former Bronx commissioner of public works told the committee Saturday there was nothing wrong with an ar rangement by which New York city employes laid granite pavjng blocks in the courtyard on the Lake Mahopac estate of Edward J Flynn smi fense lines along the Manych waterwayhave captured the rail road center and airbase on Salsk 100 miles southeast of Rostovarid dispersed fresh German forces which for a time threatened to slow the Russian advance in southwestern sectors dispatches from the front said Saturday W The German defenses before Salsk failed to halt the red army any more than had the rear guard actions of axis units in the central Caucasus it was reported and the Russian ad vance now was said to be pro ceeding in both of those major sectors at a breathtaking paci Red army drives have carried to within 10 miles of the important Ukrainian city of Voroshilovgrad drives aimed at reducing its worth as a transportation center and also at flanking Kharkov to the north The red army also reported that it took Konstanlinovskaya on the north bank of the Don river 75 miles northeast of Rostov and only a short distance east of where the Donets river flows into the Don Campaign lines developing along those rivers however fast are being outflanked by pushes along the Sal river valley south of the Dons course and down from Kamensky west ot the northern Donets valley During Friday nights fight in tlie Russian midday ucir bulletin recorded by the soviet radio monitor in London said the same armies that took Salsk and Novy Yegorlik pushed into several more towns in the region while south of there the transCaucasian army was cred ited with the capture of dozens of populated places The communique told of fight ing at the approaches lo a big populated place where soviet troops were said to have wiped out two German cavaivy squad rons and disabled their tanks as well as capturing a great deal of material The principal objective of j soviet troops in the Voroshilovsl Nevinnomysskaya in that area has been Armavir gateway to the north and to the west Cau casus oil fields More successes were detailed Voronezh front and on the southwestern front cap ture of more towns noled al though they were not identified in the war bulletin A special communique an nounced the recapture of Snlsk and also of MikoyanSiiakhar a city just north of Ml Elborus highest peak in Europe Voroshilovgrad industrial and rail center and an important com munications network ot which it is the apex were pictured in a later communique as threatened by advances of red army troops who occupied Novo Aidar 30 miles northwest of Voroshilov grad and Kondrashcvskaya 10 miles northeast ernmeht tossed its 235000000 bushel stock of wheaton the mar ket Saturday in a move to keep prices from advancing above the parity level The wheat was offered at prices equivalent to parity at the point of storaffc Parity prices very according to point of stor age and quality of the grain but the national averasc Dec 15 was a bushel V ff Officials said that the bread grain had been advancing and that Saturdays action was ex pected to keep market prices from going above parity as long as government stocks were avail able at that price The selling order followed re ports that the government was considering placing a ceiling on wheat similar to that estab lished on corn recently to pre vent the development of a new price squeeze on millers Prices millers receive for flour are con rolled by price ceilings Those ceil ings were raised recently after advancing wheat prices cut the millers margins to a point where many claimed they were forced to operate at a loss The government wheat was ac quired through liquidation of loans to growers In determining the sales price tlic government will add 23 cents a bushel to the 1942 grower wheat loan rate at the point of storage The loan rale was 85 per cent of parity The government has been sell ing lower grades of wheat to farm ers for livestock feed at prices equivalent to 85 per cent of She parity price of corn to encourage greater production of meat dairy and poultry producls for the war food program This wheatfeed sales program will be continued Sales for feed purposes arc limited by law to 125000000 bushels during the fiscal year ending June 30 NEW GOLD WAVE Still Colder Weather Predicted for Sunday DES MOINES Iff new cold wave moved into Iowa Sat urday dropping temperatures in the north well below zero and the weatherman forecast still colder weather by Sunday Shippers were warned to pro tect shipments against 25 degrees below zero in the northeast 15 in the northwest 15 in the south west and zero in the southeast Strong winds Uere expected in the northern and eastern portions of the state Saturday afternoon First effects of the new cold uave were felt over much of tlie state Saturday with sharp tem perature drops from Friday Temperatures sank to s low as S below zero it Spencer uliile Fort Dodge had B Mason City 7 and Sioux Cily I At midmorning the DCS Moines reading was 5 above Fridays high temperature was 50 degrees at Lnmoni and the DCS Moines airport PURSUEROUTED ROMMEL FORCE NEARERTUNISIA Axis Rear Guards Left Behind in Burning City Are Overwhelmed LONDON con eiiiig British eighth army vrcstcd Tripoli from the axis Saturday and the conquest of Premier Mussolinis African empire which Prime Minister Slimchill pledged in 1940 voulcl be torji to shreds and attcrs was all but complete Rear guards left behind by Marshal Envin Rommel to slow the pursuit of his main forces into Tunisia were overwhelmed and the British took possession of the burning city at 5 a m officials announced in Cairo The Italian high command communique broadcast later by the Rome radio said axis troops evacuated the city and moved westward Friday night after fierce fighting It said motorized elements battled Friday south of the city around which a wing of tlie eighth army was swung to speed the chase llutewise otifctallr knowledged the loss of Tripoli British War Secretary Sir James Grigg skipping the pending mop up ol the western readies of Libya said that the fall ot Tripoli completes the destruction the Italian empire of Africa Both tfic Russian and Brit ish armies have had their dark days of retreats he said For both we believe the tide is now firmly turned IMEDAL AWARDED STEWART IOWA CITY Ameri can Association of Physics Teach ers has awarded its Oersted medal of 1942 to Prof George Stcivarl head of the department of physics at the University Iowa for the last 32 years The medal is given annually to an outstanding teacher of physics Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Persons Paid for Not Working Are Exempt From Victory Tax AUGUSTA Maine ty phoid carrier who is paid a regu lar salary by the state for not working is exempt from the new victory lax according to a ruling by State Controller Albert L Kane When the typhoid carrier found that the victory tax bad been deducted from his pay check he complained to the state controller contending that the law covered only incomes from services rendered and not salar ies paid to persons for not work ing Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GIobtGaicUe carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Colder Saturday afternoon and Saturday nighl Lowest temperature in Mason City 20 below Strong winds Saturday afternoon Continued cold Sunday forenoon IOWA Colder Saturday afternoon and evening and in the extreme east portion Saturday night and Sunday forenoon Rising tem peratures in the west and ccntrnl portions late Saturday night and Sunday afternoon MINNESOTA Colder east ancli continued cold west portion Sat urday night rising temperature south and west central portions Sunday forenoon Light snow south and west central portions Moderately strong winds south portions Sunday forenoon IN MASON CITY statistics In tlic destruction the Italian empire the British have had the ungrudging help from American supplies and the American air forces in the latest stage but nevertheless it has been over whelmingly our show tlie war secretary said Having dealt a shattering psy chological as well as military blow to the axis the British pressed forward without pause to ward Tunisia on the liccls of Rommels remaining troops esti mated to number B3000 In an effort to chop off rear elements of axis troops before they could reach the IMareth line 65 miles inside the Tu nisian border some of General IHoulEomerys forces were be lieved to have cut across the ouusUil plain through El Azizia 20 miles southwest of Tripoli While the occupation of Tripoli was being accomplished flights allied bombers and fighters were ranging far ahead into Tunisia in destructive attacks on Rom mels material and manpower While the retiring Germans and Italians undoubtedly demolished many insinuations in Tripolis fine harbor adding to the destruction wrought by allied bombers Lon don military sources said the port probably could be made useful in short order Bengasi they pointed out was reported totally destroyed sev eral limes in the course the war in Libya but each time was repaired quickly by the troops capturing it Uommcl had abandoned the GlobeGazette weather Maximum Friday Minimum Friday night At 8 a m Saturday At 2 p m Saturday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 41 7 S 3 city without making a deter mined stand although small forces of rearguards were left behind to slow the progress of the British army and give his army needed time to join the axis forces under Co Gen Jurgcn Arnim In Tunisia 100 miles to the west Tlic capture of Ihe ccipital of Tripoli tan in put the eighth army within 200 miles of the enemy held Tunisian port of Gabes and only 320 miles from the axis sup ply lines through Bomb the stretch of the Mediterranean sea between Tunis and Sicily Ten miles south of Tripoli is the large airport of Castcl Bemto suitable for use by large allied bombers to raid axis ports and bases in Tunisia and the supply lines to Sicily and Italy Use ot the excellent port of Tripoli will ;