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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 22, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY A NO A3C C E 5 MO I N C S I A COMP THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHIORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WcnES FIVE CENTS A COPV MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JANUARY 22 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 89 BRITISH SMASH AT JAPS IN MALAYA 11 Enemy Ships Observed Off Rabaul ISLANDS VITAL FOR DEFENSES OF NEW GUINEA Invasion of Area 825 Miles From Australia Feared by Officials MELBOURNE Australia Communications with the British base at Rabaul on New Britain is land ceased Thursday night after reports that enemy airplanes and warships were operating near the strategic islands northeast of Aus tralia Officials said there was no definite word that Rabaul had been attacked by sea or that the Japanese had now invaded New Britain island but it was as sured that the invasion attempt had started since 11 enemy ships including warships were seen only 15 miles to the north west The heavy enemy bombardment was understood to have demol ished communications stations at Rabaul Japanese bombers again blasted at Rabaul in waves ot 40 planes dispatches from New Britain said and a fleet of 11 vessels including warships was seen off Watom is land near Rabaul It was believed that the military forces had evacuated New Britain island one press dispatch said and recently expressed official fears of an invasion thrust toward Aus tralia prompted government mem bers tocancel plans toleave for Sidney Brlbiln isldirt Is pfjireat strategic importance both as a base for control of allied sea routes north of Australia to Singapore and also as a possible stepping stone toward a thrust at New1Guinea and at the north Australian coast 825 miles from It was understood that intelli gence reports said that three Japanese aircraft carriers sup ported by other Japanese war ships were in the New Britain area in addition to possible troopships Never before in history has Australia faced such a serious predicament Australian War Minister F M Forde said of the Rabaul operations The govern ment fully realizes the seriousness of the position facing us but with courage and determination it wil take whatever steps are necessary to meet the new development No wordscan bp strong enough to drive home the full seriousness of the situation Because of the Rabaul situation Forde and other ministers can celed plans to go to Sydney and will remain in consultation with service chiefs here Earlier Air Minister Arthur Drakeford warned the fighting forces and the nation that Japan might at any moment attempt a troop landing in New Guinea Portugal May Be Chosen for Exchange of US and Axis Diplomats WASHINGTON it appeared Thursday may be se lected as the neutral grounc where American diplomats frim axis countries and axis diplomat from the western hemisphere wil be exchanged Mass exchange of all diplomat those from Japan an the far Portugal involve a trip of thousands of miles fo the affected nationals but it ap peared to be the only comtnoi meeting ground to which all th belligerent powers would assent A South American exchang point it was understood figure in some of the negotiations bu was believed to have been aban doned in favor of Portugal par iicularly due to the likelihood o a joint severance of diplomatic re lations by most of Latin Americ with the axis powers If Latin America breaks off re lations the Latin diplomats a well as axis diplomats in Soul America will be added to the mas transfer IS NAMED ENGINEER DES MOINES Brow of Estherville has been named en ginecr for the state conservatio commission Brown lormer as sistant Emmet county cngincc succeeds Elwin Lohse who too afederal post recently Cossacks Deploy Through Woods U S Bombers Are Based in Dutch Indies BATAVIA N E I etherlands news agency said hursday it was announced offi ally in Batavia that United tates fortress bombers arrived ecently in the Netherlands East ndies and now arc based in the E I Aneta said it was these planes hich sank a Japanese cruiser nd set fire to a 10000ton tanker n Monday 100 miles south of the sland of Jolo in the Philippines outh of Mindanao The bombing successes had ieen announced previously in Vashington the war department ommunique of Tuesday crediting iiem to six American army ombers Reuters British news agency ecorded a Batavia radio an nouncement that a fortress bomb er had sunk a Japanese tanker of ibout 20000 tons 100 miles south if Jolo but this evidently was the ame action already announced by Vashington A Russian source said these are Cossacks rushed to the defense of Moscow deploy ing through woods in a counterattack after leaving their horses to join the action U S GUNNER EXPERTS BUSY Defense Against Air by Warships at Sea By FRANK TREMAINE ABOARD A U S WARSHIP IN THE PACIFIC ex perts on U S warships at sea work constantly to improve gun lery technique already acclaimed as the worlds best The gunnery department on this ship is developing a modified use ot its batteries for defense against torpedo bombers which have claimed a deadly toll in naval en gagements of the second World war Details of the experiments may not be revealed Men aboard this ship now on patrol duty recently have made two other contributions to gun nery technique Two officers developed a sim plified method of computing range a basic element of gun nery A third class gunners mate has discovered an im proved method of feeding am munition into 50 caliber ma chine guns American gunners strive to keep their gunnery technique the most jfficient in the world through constant drill superior equipment and experimentation The nut break of war ended iritership competition among gun crews but have substi competition British Armys Main Task Is Invading ContinentSinclair Air Minister Says RAF Airdrome Defense rSecondto crews tutcd on this ship an informal among themselves The guiding principle in fleet movements calls for warships to place their guns at a point where they may be used with the great est advantage Then the work ol the gunners determines the out come Gunnery technique demands perfect timing and teamwork from all the men engaged in spotting and firing at an enemy vessel Replacements are always ready to take over the duties of wounded men Medical crews sland behind the gun crews Three medical stations would be manned in a battle in volving this ship It has a com plete operating room and sick bay and a second operating room loi emergency use Surgical equipment blood plas ma and other supplies are stored at several places so all could no be destroyed by a single hit The blood type of every man aboard the ship is recorded in both oper ating rooms Sees Whats Cooking on Screen and Dashes Home to Turn Out Fire ARKANSAS CITY Kans tip Stella McCain settled dowr to enjoy a movie Whats cooking flashed th title line of a short Miss McCain shrieked and Icf hurriedly to turn out the fire un der some apples in her oven onerous said LONDON The British rmys main task is to organize a continental offensive Air Minister ir Archibald Sinclair told the louse of commons Thursday in n opening debate on the adequacy f British airfield defense against nvasion of the British isles He said that the KAFs new airdrome defense regiment would be second to none In British usage the regiment is not a fixed number of men but in cludes a variable number of bat talions The new airfield defense units arcspoken of as a regi ment Sinclair as government spokes man in the debate said that the armys chief job now was to or ganize the greatest possible strik ng force for offensive operations on the European continent Explaining that the RAF had formed its new airdrome units to relieve the armyof that protection job Sinclair The main task ot the army is not defense but to organize from ts strictly limited manpower re sources the greatest possible strik force for offensive operations on the continent He added that the responsibility for ground defense of airfields re mained as before with the army but that the RAF had assumed command under army direction of forces stationed on the fields themselves In this he said there has been the closest cooperation between the army and the RAF Responding to criticism over repeated losses of landing fields in Greece Crete and now Malaya the spokesman denied that efforts to deal with the problem had been hindered or at all affected by any service jealousies which are being alleged in some quarters to exist He said that the air ministr had created a directorate of grounc defense to study the matter a early as June 1940 and added Probably few people realize how far we have already traveler from the extraordinarily and even alarmingly low standard of air drome defense which existed in this country after the battle o France The air ministery he said is quite alive to the risk of sabotage on airdromes and so far none has been committed indicating tha our countermeasures are ade quate MINOR SERVICES TO BE FRIDAY Elizabeth Vlinor 79 died here Thursdaj at the home ot he daughter Mrs Leon S Barnes Brief funeral services will bi icld Friday morning at the Con ior funeral home after which the Jody will be taken to Marshall Mo for services and burial Survivors are a son H C Mi nor of Flora 111 and two daugh ers Mrs Barnes and Mrs Lloy Warner Casey RAF Raids Northwest Germany In Force LONDON Air Foro bombers raided northwest Gcr many Wednesday night in force with strong attacks on the port o Bremen and Emden The air min istry said the two oftbombcc ports were the main objective but that airdromes in Holland anc the docks at Boulogne France also were bombed Wants to Be Wed to Younger Woman Ask f Draft Class Changes NASHVILLE Tenn VIr President wrote a worrie Davidson county registrant Confidentially I am marrie and in class 3A My wife is som 12 years older than me What want to knew us if I divorce he ind marry Miss x x who several years younger and love me very much will you still kee me in class 3A President Roosevelts office re ayed the query to the registrants local boards for action REDS SLASH AT FLEEING NAZI British Troops Report First Setback Met in Libyan Offensive By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Russian troops slashed at the rearguard of Adolf Hitlers ie tre afmi es Hse ven miles west of Mozhaisk Thursday while in London Air Minister Sir Archibald Sinclair declared that the British army now was organ izing the greatest possible strik ing force for offensive operations on the European continent Sinclair gave no indication whether a British counterinva sion was imminent London news papers and other critics for weeks have been clamoring for action and British officials have fre quently mentioned the restive ness oLthe 2000000 army regu lars ana 2000000 home guards long held in readiness to combat any attack on the island kingdom itself ARGENTINA AND CHILE AGREE TO CUT AXIS TIES Concerted Diplomatic Break by 21 Republics Indicated at Rio By HENRY BAGLEV RIO DE JANEIRO IP An agreement among nations in cluding reluctant Argentina and Chile on the muchdebated pro posal for a concerted diplomatic break with the axis opened the way Thursday to a unanimous stand by the 21 American repub lics against Germany Italy and Japan Participating with Argentina and Chile in working out a fourpoint compromise resolu tion were the United States Brazil and PeruThe action drew favorable comment in con ference circles and little diffi cuHy was anticipated in obtain ing formal approval from the remaining 16 nations repre sented in the conference ot for eign ministers of PanAmerican republics An authoritative source said Brazil might sever relations will the axis powers even before the end of fhe conference as a move to encourage other American na lions to act promptly to fulfill the resolution The conference committee on Japs Renew Heavy Attacks Against Batan WASHINGTON The Jap anese have renewed their heavy attacks on General MacArthurs line on Batan peninsula in the Philippines the war department announced Thursday with Japa nese forces on the island of Luzon estimated to total roughly 200000 men Enemy reinforcements are bo ing landed said a department communique in Lingayen gulf and Subic bay and the entire Japanese 14th army under Gen eral Homma w i t h a number of other units is now on Luzon Hostile air activity in Luzon during the last 24 hours was light the department said but 17 en attacked the city BRITISH MEET FIRST SETBACK IN AFRICA On the north African British troops that had front swept Cleveland Hotel Is Open for Business Following Flames CINCINNATI Ohio cleared debris from the five lower floors of the palatial Nethcrland Plaza hotel Thursday following a small fire in a motor room Actual structural damage to the 26story building Wednesday was small Fire Chief Barney Hous ton said However water from fire hose poured down richly car peted stairways and seeped into a banquet hall and restaurant Manager Max Schulman esti mated the damage at 3200000 mainly to costly furnishings Houstons estimate was Nevertheless the hotel adver tised business as usual Thurs day WILL LIMIT SUGAR SALES DES MOINES sales will be limited by Des Moines grocers even after the February allotments are made Virgil Breed Des Moines Retail Grocers asso ciation head announced Regular customers will be given prefer ence he said adding that there is no real sugar shortage and limited supplies now are due to federal restrictions on the amounl wholesalers may handle in a given period more than 300 miles across the Libyan desert in pursuit of Gen Erwin Rommels armies met their first setback in the two months old counteroffensive Cairo headquarters acknowl edged that three strong axis col umns made a 10mile reconnais sance in force into British posi tions Wednesday below Mcrsa 1 Brega a coastal town on the gulf of Sirte about halfway between Agedabia and El Agheila Agedabia is 70 miles northeast of El Agheila Our light forces which had been harassing the enemy since his retirement from Agedabia withdrew maintaining contact with the enemy throughout the day and inflicting casualties upon him British headquarters said The German high commands version asserted that axis arm ored columns drove he British back in a surprise attack and declared that the British were fleeing toward Ageflabia Premier Mussolinis high com mand said axis planes supporting Ihe land operations repeatedly and intensively attacked retreat ing troops concentrations of armored unils antiaircraft bat SELL SEIZED FXIKS DES MOINES seized by state officers as being illegally held will go on sale at the fair grounds here Jnn 23 Beaver will be sold this year for the first lime tcries depots and trations troop concen Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY No precipitation not quite so warm Thursday af ternoon and Thursday night IOWA Continued mild tempera tures Thursday afternoon and Thursday night MINNESOTA Continued mild temperature Thursday afternoon and Thursday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 43 Minimum Wednesday 21 At 8 a m Thursday 22 YEAR AGO Maximum 31 Minimum 19 Precipitation 2 Snowfall 350 economic cooperation mean while began work on its agenda topped by separate proposals for American nations to end all fi nancial commercial and economic dealings with the axis Among recommendations be fore this committee were pro vosals for funds of natfau through out tbe Americasand establish ing blacklists of individuals and businesses linked with the axis The committee also is consider ing a substitute for the original proposal to establish an nllAmeri can general staff Instead it was suggested that a defense commit tee be avoiding the impression of purely military pur each nation naming one representative The commit tee would operate at Washington Mexico Colombia and Venezu ela introduced last Friday the ori ginal resolution calling for a rup ture of relations with the axis a measure against which Argentina and Chile balked The agreement as rewritten from that resolution did not stip ulate that the break must be im mediate and eliminated the ori ginal provision for a simultaneous cutting of economic ties with the axis It stated in a carefullyworded section that the constituted pow ers of the governments signing it must be in accord indicating that the Argentine congress would have to pass on it for that nation The Argentina delegation accepted the compromise resolution with out reservation However the Chilean ilcle eate Foreign Minister Juan Bau tista Rossetti who has insisted that Chiles special geographical situation affected her position specifically slated hat the agreement would have to be put before the Chilean congress The next regular session of the Argentine congress begins May 1 Acting President Ramon S Cas tillo thus far has refused to call a special session The meeting at which the five nations threshed out their prob lem was at the office of Foreign Minister Oswaldo Aranha of Bra zil Besides Aranha and Rossetti those present were U S Under secretary of State Sumner Welles Argentine Foreign Minister Dr Enrique Ruiz Guinazu and Peru vian Foreign Minister Alfvedo Solf Muro The first two points of the four point declaration say that aggres sion against one American repub lic by a nonAmerican state is an act of aggression against all of them and that nil 21 nations will cooperate for their mutual pro tection emy bombers of Cebu on the island of the same name about half be tween Luzon and Mindanao last Sunday The text of the communique No 70 of he war based on re ports received here up to a m eastern standard lime 1 Philippine theater The Japanese are renewing thciiattacks all along Genera MacArthurs line on the Batan peninsula Particularly h c a v y fighting is in progress on the Iclt and on the center Enemy rein forcements are now being landed in Lingayen gulf and Subic bay The entire Japanese 14th army under General Homma together with a number of other units is now in Luzon Hostile air activity in Luzon was light during the past 24 hours On Sunday seventeen enemy bombers attacked the city of Cebu 2 There is nothing to report from other areas Military officials here said a Japanese army contained eight to ten divisions of approximately J5000 men each with attached and ized in divisions This would make General Hou imas force with one entire army and other troops on the island of Luzon total probably about 200 000 This estimate did not include Japanese forces on other islands of the Philippine group including a large invading force at Davao on the southern island of Min danao The war department said Homma 54 was a veteran of the Japanese war in China and a for mer director of military intelli gence for the Japanese The 230 pound Homma was in command at Tientsin in 1039 when Uie stripping bureaus were instituted and electrically charged barbed wire barriers placed around Ihe British and French concessions During the year the barriers were up many Britons and for eigners were stripped and searched when they passed them once an American woman was slapped by a Japanese and harsh restrictions prevented a million Chinese and foreign residents from obtaining sufficient quanti ties of coal and milk Before the shackles were drop ped June 20 1940 Homma visited a shrine to tell his Japanese gods what he was about to do Then he went to an important French concession boarder point bowed low in the direction of the im perial palace in Tokio some 1250 miles to the east and signaled Ihe removal of the barriers Physically much larger than most Japanese Homma served as a staff officer and a division com mander in China the department said and was in command of the Japanese at Tientsin for two years He represented the Japa nese army at the Geneva disarm ament conference in 1931 after serving as military attache in Lon don the previous year Iowa Bicyclist Hit by Auto Hurt Fatally 1NDIANOLA Leo Frazier Jr 18 a New Years day bride groom who lived near here died Wednesday night in a bicycle aulomobile accident six miles north of Indianola Warren County Sheriff Lewis Johnson said Frazicrs bicycle was struck by a car driven by Wayne Fcherer 19 oC Lacona Iowa Johnson quoted Fcherer as saying he was blinded by the lights of another vehicle and did not sec the youth on the bicycle U S Junior Chamber Award Is Made to Late Capt Colin P Kelly CHICAGO Colin P Kelly Jr army flying hero who gave his life to sink a Japanese battleship in a bombing attack posthumously received the 1941 distinguished service award of the United States Junior Chamber ot Commerce Wednesday night The award was presented by Walter W Finkc Minneapolis president of the organization and accepted on behalf of Kellys widow by Col Albert L Sneed commandant of the air corps training center at Maxwell field Ala Finke told 300 attending the presentation dinner that Kellys act had dispelled the fears of 130000000 Americans and sent their will and spirits to a new high of national courage and determina tion The award is made annually to a man under 35 years of age who 2ives the most significant service to the nation FAST HEAVILY ARMED FIGHTER PLANES ARRIVE Hurricanes Join in English Offensive Against Invaders By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor British jungle troops seizing the initiative for the first time in the Malayan campaign were reported smashing at Japans main invasion armies in a fullscale counteroC fensive 70 miles north of Singa Thursday while reinforce ments of 350 mile pu hour Hurri cane fighters swung into action over Singapore itself The newly arrived Hurricanes single sealers with the greatest firepower punch of any plane of ils lype are equipped either with 12 machine guns or four light cannon and machine guns The number of reinforcements was not disclosed V f Behind the lines British lyeiS claimed a heavy toll of Japanese transport columns north of Parii destroying many vehicles and machinegunning troops Singapore itself under almost incessant aerial assault grimly counted a toll of 304 killed and 725 wounded in Wednesdays 100 plane Japanese tively surpassing the worst raids 011 London at the height of the blitz A communique said 625 wounded were admitted to hospi tals and 100 others treated at firstaid posts But the beleaguered isJuid cheered by the rival of powerfullygunned ricane when 30 Japanese warplines roared over Singapore again Thursday RAF flyers were credited with shooting down Jive bombers and damaging a fiffhter Coincidentally a Chinese army spokesman reported that fear ot attack by allied bombers had spurred 30000 to 40000 Japanese to leave parts of Japan for ShaiiR hai and other centers along the lower Yangtze valley In the Dutch East Indies where Japans farflung invasion hordes are striking in heavy force the Dutch announced they had com pletely destroyed the great oil wells and oil plants at Balik Pa pan on the east coast of Dutch Borneo Balik Papan is about 175 miles below Tarakan island off the northeast coast of Borneo where the Japanese gained their first foothold in the Indies Destruction of the oil field was tarried out in view of the clearly distinguished Japanese intention to attack Balik Papan with superior forces in order to get hold of the important oil wells it was announced Dispatches from the front said British artillery opened the Mala yan counteroffensive Wednesday with a heavy curtain of ire Two waves of RAF fighters then swept over the area machinesunnins Japanese patrols and were imme diately followed by charging in fantrymen Besides attempting to crush the Japanese in a direct frontal at tack the empire troops also hoped to relieve the survivors of an In dian and two Australian battalions cut off for three days south ot the Mtiar river An Associated Press correspon dent with the forces said the decision to attack reached at a war council of generals under the shade of a rubber tree coin cided wtih information that the Jnpnnese were planning to strike at the British west lank in north cm Johore state In broad outline Hie British strategy was to drive north against the main Japanese arm ies swarming down the Malay peninsula temporarily ignor ing smaller Japanese infiltration forces which had landed in the British rear farther down on Ihe west coast Rangoon capital of invasion menaced Burma drew Ihe atten tion of a single Japanese plane British antiaircraft batteries threw up a heavy fire The Jap anese circled the city at less than 5000 feet and machinegunned a road Aground British Burmese and Chinese troops fought Japanese and Thai troops near Kawkareik 20 miles west of the BurmaThai land frontier and 45 miles cast of Moulmcin About 100 miles west of Moulmcin across the Gulf of Mavtaban lies Rangoon Widening of the war zone in the south Pacific was forecast in Mel bourne in the wake mass aii ;