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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 22, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HARION E R HIST UEM 4 AR T OEPT OF COUP CCS MOI THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS YOL XLVJI MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES riVE CENTS A COPX MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JANUARY 22 1941 THIS PAPEn CONSISTS Of TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 88 MACNIDER ASKS F R POWER LIMIT Australians Penetrate Tobruk s Last Defense I THOUSANDS OF PRISONERS ARE REPORTED HELD Italian Defenders in Western Sector of Fort Continue Fight DR D W MOREHOUSB BULLETIN CAIRO Egypt ian advanced forces penetrated the last defenses around the har bor and toivn of Tobruk Wed nesday morning and entered the town at noon British reports from the front said Italian defenders in the west ern sector of the Libyan fortress however were said lo be still holding out Even before they reached the town SO miles inside Libya the British reported capturing thous ands flf prisoners as the Aus tralians and picked British and Free French units thrust through the bases broken lines By The ASSOCIATED PRESS Led by whooping Australian shock troops a famous British regiment and free French for ces Britains army of the Nile smashed into the inner defenses Tobruk Wednesday to mop up survivors of the 30000 Italians of Drake university here since under siege there lor 18 days 1923 and an internationally known astronomer died Tuesday night of pneumonia and heart disease Dr Storehouse won wide spread recognition as an astron omer by his discovery of two comets On Sept I 1908 lie flis President of Drake U Dies EDUCATOR WAS WIDELY KNOWN Had Discovered 2 Comets Became 111 Following Address DES MOINES Daniel Walter Morehouse 64 president A Reuters British news agency dispatch from Sydney said Australian army headquar ters had been advised that fhe Libyan desert stronghold had beencactnred but in midafter noon London military quarters still lackedconfirmation Dispatches from the battlefield said the British had driven to within three miles of the town at sunset Wednesday night In London Prime Minister Win ston Churchill told the house of commons It may well be that while I am speaking Tobruk and its gar rison are in our hands The British high command an nounced Tuesday night that Aus tralian troops and a picked Brit ish regiment supported by tanks and fast Brcn gun carriers liad broken through the outer and in ner ring forts about 25 miles in circumference Part ol the fascist garrison surrendered within the first 12 hours of the attack which started at dawn Tuesday and the British view was that the rest were bot tled up without hope of escape The desert city 80 miles inside Libya on the shores of the Med iterranean sea was reported smashed to rubble by big guns of the British fleet and day and night assaults by the RAF Black clouds of smoke from burning petrol dumps hung over the shell and bombpitted ruins RUMANIA IS UNDER CONTROL OF ARMV Rumania torn by internal dis orders and widespread street riot ing was under army control Wed nesday Chief State Ion Antonescu appealed to iron guard factions P j t to forget their hatreds and help him and fhe army restore order within 24 hours German troops were said to have in Rumania been sent to Bucharest and other cities to help halt the fighting between the Rumanian military and extremist groups of the grcenshirted iron guard General Antonescu hlanicd the outbreaks on some misun derstanding individuals rebel lious elements and foreign comet that bears his name Previously lie bad found comet C A scientistwho was ever anx ious toshare his knowledge the layman Dr Morehousc gave frequent lectures and conducted free ckiscs for adults at the Drake universitymunicipal observatory which is operated jointly by the university and the city and was dedicated to him He married Myrtle Slayton DCS Moines June 9 1003 The widow and three children Charles Vega and Frances survive Fu neral services will be held at tlie University Church of Christ here Friday The university will be closed that day when the body will lie in state in university chapel from 9 am to noon A native of Mankato Minn Dr Morehouse had been associates with Drake university as a stu dent teacher and administrate1 since his early youth He was born Feb MREYNOLDS TO QUIT SUPREME COURTPOSITION Opponent of Much New Deal Legislation Will Retire Feb 1 WASHINGTON Justice amcs Clark McReynoIds out poken opponent of much new deal legislation notified Prosi eiit Roosevelt Wednesday that c would retire from the supreme ourt Feb 1 after 26 years of crviee The veteran jurist who will be 79 years old Feb 3 was the only member of the tribunal described by administration of ficials as conservative His retiixinent opens the wny or Mr Roosevelt to make his ixtli appointment to the nine man court There have been re orts that Chief Justice Hughes 8 might retire sopn but they lave been unconfirmed Friends expressed the belief that Hughes vould remain on the court as long is his health permitted him to do iie work Attorney General Robert H Jackson has been mentioned fre quently as a possible appointee to the first vacancy on the court aitReynolds notification to the president was a formal twosentence letter It stated his intention of withdrawing from the court under the law per mitting the retirement at lull pay annuallyipt jus tices over 70 who have served 10 consecutive years oil the su preme bench He received a bachelor o science degree from Drake in 130C and was named professor o physics and astronomy immcdia tely afterward In 1919 he became dean of men holding that position until hi election to the presidency in 1923 He also served as dean ot the uni versitys liberal arts college from 1923 to 1930 He had studied at Northwestern Christian college Excelsior Minn from 1895 to 1897 before comin to Drake He also studied at th University of Chicago in 1S02 an received a master of science de gree from Drake in the same year In ibe summer of 1909 follow ing his discovery of the come which bears his name he was volunteer research assistant a Yerkcs observatory affiliated wit the University of Chicago I you have the honor to McReynolds wrote that or V Dr became ill as a result of a severe cold the lay after he addressed a convention of lhc Iowa Slate Teachers as scriation here Nov 8 His condi tion dirt not become serious until a week later when pneumonia f f f developed He put the army in charge ol j Many scientific and astronomi the police brought 87 important j cal societies honored him bv mdustries unacr military control j election to membership Among ordered a 10 p m curfew and these were the British Astronomi cal association the Royal Astron omical society the American Astronomical society and the Iowa State Academy of Science He also the first day of February next will avail myself of the rights privileges and obligations de clared in the act of congress en titled an net lo provide for re tirementof justices of the su premo court approved March I 1939 and retire from regulm active service on the bench an associate justice the s preme court since 1914 have held a commission as sucl justice and am now7 more than 7C years old McReyiiolds the senior membe of the court disclosed to friends that nine years ago upon reaching 70 he had first contemplated re signing and has at times yielded rather reluctantly to the urging o friends that he continue to serve Some associates said that he had remained on the court in order to cast his vote against new deal legislation that lie considered unconstitutional and in the hope that another presi dent than Mr Roosevelt wotilt appoint his successor I have now decided McRcyn olds said Wednesday while in the full possession of my faculties and health that it is best for me to retire I will retain my apartment for the present I have Ugpt in repair my old home at Elkton Ky and may alter a while live there Present conditions abroad will make it impossible for me to do any foreign traveling I have a number of friends and I know I will not be lonesome1 Although a former democratic attorney general under President if y Where 18 Died on Fishing Boat Mrs Marshall 3ies Funeral Not Arranged Mrs Arleigh J Marshall 51 of the mayor of Mason City ied at their home 20 Oak drive bout oclock Wednesday fternoou following an illness ince last Oct 4 Mrs Marshall was born Ella itae Sawyer on a farm south of Sept 1 188U She was named lo Mr Marshall in 1B18 Surviving are her husband and wo children Ruth Marilyn and 3onald James and a brother Dr Floyd E Sawyer Algona She was a member of tlie Methodist church md the Eastern Star Funeral arrangements are in complete The body was taken lo lie Major funeral home This airvicw shows a coast guard boat searching around topmasts of the fishing trawler Mary E OHara after Hie illfalcd craft crashed into an undetermined object and sank so quickly that the crew was uuablc to launch its icecruslcd lifeboats Of the 23 crew members who cluiif to flic masts 18 iost their grip and were drowned and five were saved by another fishing boat Wilson McrJcynolds had led his colleagues in disapproving of Roosevelt administration laws that came before the court The justice also has been the tribunals leading dissenter cap turing the title when a majority of the court began to sustain most administration legislation in the term that began in October 1936 I In addition he held the record intheentirehistory thecourt forwriting opinions holding sta tutes or portions of statutes un constitutional There have been 7B such opinions of which he wrote nine 60 Per Cent Tax Valuation Bill Speeds Through Iowa House With Vote of 92 to 9 Would Allow Iowa HIGHWAYS OPEN IN NORTH IOWA Snowfall Ranges From 6 Inches in Cresco to One Inch in Algona A blanket of snow covered ail North Iowa Tuesday night but although the ice which already covered the paving together with the new snowfall made highway travel difficult in spots no main roads were reported blocked The highway commission ad vised drivers to use reasonable care on the roads Snowfall ranged from six inches at Cresco and Osage to only one inch in Kossuth and Emmet counties Five inches fell in the Mason Cily Area four in Worth county OCCASIONAL SNOW FOR THURSDAY IS PREDICTED DES MOINES The weather bureau marked continued after Iowas dreary weather picture Wednesday predicting occasional snow and cloudy skies for Thurs temperatures rose up enough oratorical power to ob tain a oneday delay in the con sideration of a companion meas ure to limit the bonding power of local governments On motion of GOP Floor Lead er Curtis W Gregory R Adel the house voted lo defer action on Assessors lo Continue on Present Policy DES MOINES 60 per ceiit tax valuation bill sped through the Iowa house weak opposition Wednesday but the op position succeeded drummin the second Thursday bill until JO The CO per cent measure which bustled through on a vote of 92 to 9 would allow Iowa as sessors to continue valuing property for taxpurposes on a base of tlircefiftlis of ils actual worth The second bill would prohibit cities towns counties and school districts from issuing bonds total ing more than5 per cent of their assessed valuation Without it tax association officials have said localities might be limited to 60 per cent in the valuationDC prop erty but permitted to issue bonds on a 100 per cent base the measure lie declared it was not needed for far as the cities of Iowa are concerned because tlie averagemunicipal indebtedness is only Zy jiercent Representative Kno wltori j BRITISH LABOR DRAFT STRESSED Intense Demand for Power to Supply Large Army Told by Churchill LONDON Church ill disclosed Wednesday that be iind Britains decision to con script labor lies an intense demand in the next six months for man and woman power to supply an army on a scale for fighting both overseas and at home Before the house of commons Churchill said the size of the army was settled within a few weeks after war started that the only change had been to provide equip ment for 10 more divisions and that the scale of the army is the same as that in November 1D39 a very large and formidable fighting overseas FAVORS BRITISH AID AFTER U S IS WELL ARMED Says LeaseLend Bill Means Scuttling of American Democracy WASHINGTON MacNider ot Mason City Iowa former national commander of Die American Region Wednesday told the house foreign affairs commit tee that passage of tlie bill in its present form would be hoisting the white flag of surrender for free men everywhere I am against the abdication by congress almost al the moment it is seated MacNider testified I am against delegation of powers given it by the constitution to any one man no matter how wise and able he may be That would be in my opinion a direct scuttling of our form of government a be traval of the American people f IT A vote in ils favor would amount lo a confession that democracy will not in an emergency It would serve no tice tn all who believe in dic tatorship that they were right MacNider said the effect ot the bill would be to throw the great force both tor and defense Now he explained this great nation has got into its war stride of wartime niafrifions KnowltonI inuoi UL vvarcime manuions R Decorah declared the debt and supply plants planned in 1333 limitation measure would be a lo Provide the army with all the reoirictiqn ott local government a sentiment in which Representa tive John1 H Irwin R Keolu0 joined Representative Arch W McFar lane fl Waterloo recommended immediate passage of the second bill It is needed iic said to pre vent cities and towns from creasing the amount of their bonded indebtedness by 000000 or S200000000 I r I 7 Chicago Robbers Get equipment it required io continu ous action on the continent of Eur ope against the German enemy1 coming into production Therefore an intense demand on the man and woman power of the country could not be avoided in the next six months tiie prime minister said The plan to registei labor was announced by Laboi Minister Ernest Bevin Mondav bill but 1 dont think H is out ot study fn the few minutes debate on he GO per cent bill Nelson termed the proposal an attempt io legal ize an evil and a violation of the law that has been going on in the assessment of property several years He predicted that its passage would result in a mul tiplicity of law suits by taxpay ers Representative Harold B Clriy poolR WilliamsljuiR declared however that no tax law day Although decreed death for anyone com mitting crimes against members of the German military mission in Rumania Diplomatic reports reaching Belgrade Jugoslavia Wednesday said a Turkishborn Green citi zen accused ot shooting tn death a major of the German general staff in Rumania had been execut ed Tuesday after a military trial One official Rumanian news agency carried a dispatch that Vice Premier Horia Sima iron guard leader had gone to Berlin tn confer with nazi leaders was a member of Phi Beta Kappa His son Charles teaches in a Chula Vista Cal higfi school One daughter Vega is the wife of Ed C Lytton Drake business man ager while the other is Airs Dan iel A Glomsct of Rochester Minn I Doctor Morehouse was well known in North Iowa particularly as a commencement speaker in which capacity he had served hi loiviv rtv Mason City Clear Lake and many iumv UN cuMlllliF1 other towns He was the deciica WASH1NGTON lion speaker for the Mason Cily tativc Harrington of Iowa has library June D al which limr lie been assigned o the house slancl also pave one nf his frequent 111 ing committee on appropriations formal talks on astronomy throughout the state Tuesday to a high of 48 degrees here a light sloppy drizzle set in before night fallin many sections turning to snow jn some places The mercury dropped Tuesday night o a low of 15 degrees at Sioux City although reading Wednesday morning averaged j about nine degrees above normal j MasonCitys minimum was 19 The rainand snow ranged from 01 of an inch at Omaha to 1 of an inch at Dubuquc with points scattered as widely as Sioux City Dcs Moines Mount Ayr Iowa Falls Charles Davenport and Iowa City reporting precipi JUSTICE McUEYNOIDS retirement tation Precipitation in JIason City was 22 inch The bureau warned shippers that temperatures Wednesday night might drop as low as zero to 10 degrees above and pre dicted maximum readings of 24 here Wednesday and 25 tomorrow Shooting of Student Is Held Accidental DAVENPORT coroners jury Tuesday night returned a j verdict of accidental death at an I inquest into the shooting of Don jald Stuckcl 18 Davenport high chool ft O T C cadet Stuckcl lllrtl even me ocn died Monday shortly after being dont know what it wounded by a 22 caliber target Nelson asked a delay of scv rifle bullet on the shooting range fral clays in consideration of y i t n The GO per cent bill now ROCS lcn to the senate where an identical 1 pcfcct incl 60 per cent measure is on the calendar srhurti wiis lllc only practical soiu ulcd for action at 10 a m Thurs tlon to thc i t otcd Iowa Woman Beats Off Man Who Tried day The nine members who no on the bill were Walter S Arant D DCS SewellE Allen Rob ert Carlson R Sioux Car roll Johnson R A Lalchaw R Wilton Robert C Reilly D Vincent L Browner D DCS R E Dufficld R Gutli rie and Harold F Nelson R Sioux City For the iasl several years there has Iiccn an umvrittcn agreementthat axes shall be levied on 3 60 per cent base In some counties there have been wide variations from that fig ure hut tax nfficials Iiavp said that the state average was 60 per cent The Iowa supreme court how ever ruled last fall that the pres ent law requires an actual or 100 per cent tax base That would mean that a home with a S3000 valuation figure in an average Iowa town legally should have had a market value tax base of S5000 The Iowa Taxpayers association asked the legislature for quick ac tion on the bill so thai the asses sors might know what values to use in their work The association sponsored the 60 per cent bill because of expressed fears that a 100 per cent base might mean higher taxes Assailing the pressure for fast action on the second bill Repre in Gems Furs CHICAGO OJRl Mrs Join Factor wife of a Chicago barbel who reputedly built a fortune ot 57000000 in international specu lation and four friends were robbed early Wednesday of furs and jewelry worth approximately 816645 Two gunmen comman deered the automobile in whici Mrs Factor and her friends wen arriving home from a theater Thci ordered Simon Wcxler to follov the bandits automobile which wa driven by an accomplice Afte demanding the partys valuables lhc bandits fled in their ownau toniobilc to Steal Her Purse DES MOINES Juli ette Dcvin assistant professor of English at Drake university told police Wednesday she beat off an attempt to rob her ot her purse Tuesday night but only after suffering a cut on her head which required two stitches On her way home from the university she said a man came up behind her and struck her over the head then attempted to firab her purse Devin turned on him striking at him with lie purse sentative Nelson said I would hate to be told that I must do a certain tiling I think this bill is in a state of such con fusion that even tiie best of us The Weather FORECAST IOWA Cloudy and colder night Thursday oc casional snow warmer ivcsl and northcentral MINNESOTA Cloudy liRhl local snows colder extreme southeast warmer northwest Wednesday night Thursday lisht snow and somewhat warmer IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis Maximum Tuesday Minimum Tuesday nishl At 8 a ra Wednesday Slcct snow YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 31 1 ID 22 iiich inches 14 3 LOOK INSIDE FOR SENATOR EDWARD If VKBA Seeks Compromise in Levy on REA in Iowa PAGE 2 Iowa Defense Reports Wanted by Saturday STATE PAGE Newsoms Pay May Top Bob Fellers SPORTS PAGF st and up to now most success u business iiv history these United States into receivership and appointing the president the receiver MacNider said that he favored all possible aid to Britain con sistent with U S defense require ments if the emergency is as jieat as the leaders of the present administration say it is stripping our forces ot their weapons at such a time i almost a treason able poiicy he said No bination of foreign powers will ever attack a prepared America I am unalterably opposed to any attempt on our part lo fur ther demand a place in the old worlds everlasting quarrels the Mason Cityan declared I shall not willingly allow my sons or any Americans pns to be com mitted to the policing of thc rest of thc world MacNider expressed tlie opin ion that no foreign power any sroups of powers would ever atlack a prepared America Thc first lest of any action al the iircscnt time he said should be is it good for aicVARY AND NORRIS OPPOSE FORM OF B1LI WASHINGTON IP Tiie im pending senate controversy over British aid legislation began to take shape Wednesday with these developments Senator McNary of Oregon tlie republican leader announced I am opposed to the lendlcase bill in ils present form because it grants iOo miicli poiver lo one person Senator Norris Ind only present member of the sen ale who voted against United States participation in the World war declared he was for the bill providing some timelimit was placed upon the authority which would be given thc president I dont think arc going to get into this war he said I think we can go a long way toward helping Britain without getting in The senate foreign relations committee decided to begin pub lic hearings on thc measure Mon day 3 a m CST with Secre tary Hull as thc probable first witness Hull opened thc house foreign affairs committee hear ings last week Thc house com mittee Wednesday received op position testimony from TVonnan Thomas the socialist leader who called the bill contrary to demo cratic control by the people over tlicir own destiny Norris defined his position for newsmen after McNary rumviijj mate of Wendell Willkic in thc 1340 presidential campaign re turned to his capitol office for thc first time since Oct 26 and an nounced his opposition Norris said lie wanted tn sec every i dotted in this bill be fore congress finally approved it and lie aildcd that he did not know Just what time modifica tion there should be but may be the twoyear limitation asked by Wendell IVIllkie is all right J Tilcc McNary Norris had been delayed by illness in returning to Washington immediately after the fill election campaigns j At thc white house meanwhile i Governor Harold E Slasscn of Minnesota republican called on ;