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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 21, 1949, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOk THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LV Associated United Press Full Wires Five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JANUARY 21 1949 AP Wivephoto ACHESON TAKES Acheson left Friday is sworn in as secretary of state by Chief Justice Fred M Vinson in President Trumans white house office The president center witnesses the ceremony from behind his desk Maj Gen Harry Vaughan presidential military aide is in the background Dean Acheson Is Sworn In as New Secretary of State Washington Acheson was sworn in as secretary of state at a m CST Friday in President Trumans office The ceremony set Acheson of ficially to the task of translating into action the broad anticom munist foreign policy which Pres ident Truman announced in the first minutes of his elected term in the white house The oath was administered by Chief Justice Fred Vinson who stood with Acheson in front of President Trumans desk Mr Truman stood behind Shake Hands The president then walked around the big desk and shook hands with the mustached gray ing lawyer whom he chose to operate his 4front anticommu nist policy Shortly before the white house ceremony Mr Truman was re ported to have put in a word of his own at the capitol for his worldwide plans He attended an earlymorning breakfast there given by the Mis souri delegation in congress Congressmen who were present told reporters he said that U S production could not catch up with demand for 100 years if the standard of living in Asiatic countries could be raised 2 per cent LongTime Prosperity A broad program of economic aid overseas is one of the founda tions of the program the president outlined in Thursdays inaugural address Longtime prosperity in this country would be the result of such a rise in Asiatic living stand ards Mr Truman was reported to have said Presumably he meant that the eastern countries would be buying more goods and mate rials from the U S Mr Truman also was quoted as saying he realizes the responsi bility he has on national and in ternational that con gress has an equal responsibility Those present said he asked for teamwork in striving for peace No one wants another war the president said and he does not believe there is any necessity for another one if everybody works for peace Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Clear and cold Friday night with low by Saturday morning near 20 below zero Increasing cloudiness and warm er Saturday with afternoon high near 15 above Iowa Clearing and colder Friday night Saturday cloudy and warmer Low Friday night 510 below northwest to 5 above southeast Iowa 5Day Weather Outlook Cold Saturday Colder with snow Sunday Continued cold Monday Warmer with snow again on Tuesday or Wednes day Snowfall will average near 2 inches Temperatures will average 5 to 6 degrees below normal with daytime highs all below freezing and nighttime lows averaging 5 to 10 above zero Minnesota Clearing Friday night colder south and east portions Saturday fair north and part ly cloudy south colder south east and extreme east IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at P oclock Friday morning Maximum 17 Minimum 10 At 8 a m Friday 13 Precipitation 07 Snow 1 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 35 8 Northwood Justice of Peace Dies H Dwelle 66 town clerk and justice of peace here for many years died Friday morning at his home following a 3 months illness Mr Dwelle who was for 15 years news editor on the North wood Anchor was born and reared in this community He was engaged for many years in the banking business Throughout his lifetime Mr Dwelle was active in community affairs He was prominent in the Masonic lodge and Eastern Star Funeral arrangements are awaiting the arrival of 5 children who with Mrs Dwelle survive The children are Horace Elkin W Va Mrs Dean Dutton Van Horne Dorothy instructor in the University of Wisconsin extension department at Racine Alberta li brarian Buena Vista college Storm Lake and Mrs Howard Borland Storm Lake Venezuela Is Recognized El Salvadovr Due for New Diplomatic Status Washington UR United States Friday granted full diplo matic recognition to the new revolutionary military govern ment of Venezuela The action was announced by the state department which made public an exchange of notes with Venezuela Diplomatic quarters speculated that the United States also would recognize a similar new military regime in El Salvador American recognition of the new state of Israel and of Transjordan also was reported under study The state department said Walter J Donnelly U S ambassador to Venezuela delivered a note of recognition to the Caracas govern ment Friday The document said the United States had noted satements by the new regime that it would strictly fulfill its international obliga tions and would prepare elec tions Venezuela in a note dated Nov 25 notified this government that the new military Junta had taken over in Venezuela because of the grave circumstances threatening the social peace and economic life of the republic Studebaker CIO Workers in Walkout South Bend Ind UR CIO United Auto Workers left their jobs at the Studebaker corporation plant here Friday over a wage dispute and the company said vir tually all production was at a standstill A company spokesman said nearly all of the 16000 workers in the passenger car and truck divisions were idled by a wage dispute involving workers in the seat manufacturing department P O Peterson vice president in charge of manufacturing said the dispute was over piece work rates Workers in the body and final assembly divisions at first refused to work Thursday but finally de cided to stay on the job according to Peterson Pitchblende is the chief urani umbearing mineral sought by modern prospectors tha second is carnotite Introduce 30 Bills in Legislature Proposal Would Have Only Annual Lawmaking Session Des Moines perennial proposal tohave the Iowa legis lature meet annually instead of biennially was one of 30 meas ures introduced in the house Fri day The legislature after a brief morning session adjourned the weekend A joint resolution to designate U S highway 75 in northwest Iowa as a blue star highway in memory of World war II servicemen and women was in troduced in both houses Rep A E Rankin RHamp ton and 15 others made the an nual session proposal The plan has been proposed unsuccessfully in each of several recent sessions Vote Needed To become effective the pro posal would have to be approved by this and the 1951 legislature and then adopted by a vote of the people in the general election of 1952 This is because the pro posal is in the form of constitu tional amendment Another of the new measures aims to answer the principal ob jection voiced against the county assessor act of 1947 The bill by Rep Robert P M anger R Sioux City and others would change the term of office of the deputy county auditor who serves as the county assessor from life to 6 years The county board of su pervisors rather than the county auditor would make the appoint ment Suitable Markers The memorial highway resolu tion was offered by Senators Charles Van Eaton RSioux City and J T Dykhouse R Rock Rapids It would order the state highway commission to provide suitable markers The portion of the highway to be designated extends from the Iowa Minnesota line through Sioux City to the Nebraska line at Council Bluffs Senator Ralph W Zastrow R Charles City introduced a bill in tended to prevent fraud in the sale of certified seed on potatoes corn oats wheat barley rye clover sweet clover thimothy hay and soy beans Canadians on Cold Trip to California Des Moines a cold trip to California for 2 Canadians who stopped here Thursday night Theyre making it in an open 1910 model Buick The owner of the ancient auto Conrad Augustson of Swan Lake Manitoba and his traveling com panion George Nelson of Nor quay Saskatchewan planned to leave Friday for Kansas City But said Augustson if the weather is bad here we may not go on to Kansas City right away Both men said they notice the damp cold of Iowa more than the low temperatures in Canada They said it wasnt too 45 when they left Canada Question ing revealed they meant 45 de grees below zero Witnesses Testify in Slave Trial Mankato Minn pros ecution began parading witnesses to the stand Friday to back up testimony of an illiterate farm hand claiming he was held in slavery for almost 7 years On trial in federal district court before Judge Gunnar S Nordbye is George Stark welltodo Gib bon Minn farmer Francisco Rodriguez 38 Mexican of Ameri can descent has accused Stark of keeping him on the farm without pay and in constant fear First government witness Friday was John B Sanders Stewart Minn barber who testified Stark brought the farmhand to his shop about every 7 weeks for a hair cut Stark never entered the shop Sanders testified and Rodriguez never left until Stark came to get him The barber said that on one occasion the farmhand told him Stark had never paid him but that he eventually would get his money A 2nd witness Dr Esther King Winthrop dentist testified that Stark twice brought Rodriguez to her to have teeth pulled and that he remained near the dentist chair throughout the operations A 3rd witness August Habeck of Winthrop a traveling feed grinder testified he visited Starks farm frequently and talked twice with Rodriguez when no one else was present He said Rodriguez told him he was not being paid and that he wanted money Tills Paper Consists of Two FIRE DESTROYS buildings were de stroyed and 2 damaged Thursday when an overheated oil burner caused a fire in Lawler Destroyed were Harold Tanks general mercantile store in which the fire started and the Charles Larson office building to the right Robert Shekletons grocery store and Ray Woods tavern were damaged Loss was estimated at more than Ashford Free on Bond After First Degree Murder Charge Francis Marion Ashford 36 119 Connecticut N E was held to the March term of the grand jury on a charge of first degree murder Thursday in a preliminary hear ing before B R Dunn police judge in police court His bond remains at the same on which he was free in connection with a previous charge A charge of assault with intent to commit murder was withdrawn and changed to the new informa tion filed Thursday signed by Chief of Police Harold E Wolfe The change was made after Ar thur Ashburn 44 died of stab wounds Jan 10 Police say Ash ford inflicted the wounds with a paring knife in an altercation in front of the Ashford home Dec 23 Called to Stand Called to the witness stand by James R Brown county attorney and his assistant Murray H Fin ley were Chief Wolfe Dr Van W Hunt of the Park hospital and Detective William Bruns They questioned in turn by M L Mason defense attorney who also called Sgt Leo Allstot super intendent of identification of the police department Ashford in a pin striped brown suit sat calmly chewing gum as the proceedings took place His wife formerly Mrs Ashburn also showed no emotion Sitting with the couple was Ashfords brother Cecil Ashford 421 3rd N E Bruns described his visit to the Ashford home shortly before mid night on the night of Dec 23 He said he and other officers brought the Ashfords to the station after Ashburn had been rushed to the hospital and later Mrs Ashford showed him the paring knife which her husband admitted to police he used Showed Improvement Dr Hunt said the cause of Ash burns death was due to a hem orrhage and failure of the wound to heal After 3 critical days Ash burn showed improvement for al most a week before his last re lapse Chief Wolfe said he was told by Ashford that Ashburn in an angry phone conversation had said Im coming down to kill you The chief said Ashford a small man 58 and weighing 122 admitted fighting with Ashburn in front of his home but the dead man who was 62 and weighed 225 pounds claimed from his hos pital bed that Ashford came out on the street to meet him as he got out of his car The argument on the phone started when Ash burn called to see if his son Billy Ashburn 9 had returned home after a shopping trip with him Billy is in custody of Mrs Ash ford Railroads Rap Union Demand Decline Arbitration on Extra Engineer Chicago Sixty railroads have declined to arbitrate de mands of their engineers for an extra engineer on diesel locomo tives Carrier representatives an nounced Friday they had notified the national railway mediation board that the proposal is purely a makework scheme designed to exend ieatherbedding and create unnecessary jobs J P Shields Cleveland first as sistant grand chief of the brother hood of locomotive engineers de clined to comment on the carriers stand Shields who heads the union delegation in the current conferences said he would not comment until he studied the car riers report to the board and checked the individual railroads concerned fy The brotherhood has taken a strike vote among its members on 15 western railroads Shields de clined to reveal its result or fore cast any future action by the union until proceedings before the mediation board have been concluded The mediation board also is dealing with demands of firemen for a 2nd fireman on diesel loco motives Chiang Gives Up President Duties New Automobile Has Short Life San Mateo Cal F Ford had a gift automobile for about 15 minutes Thursday night His family bought it for him as a surprise He was quite surprised when it stalled on Southern Pa cific railroad tracks Ford and passersby tried to push it then gave up and leaped to safety as a commuter train de molished it Reuther in Demand for Pension Plan Calls for a Month Payment for UAW Members Milwaukee resident Walter P Reuther committed his CIO United Auto Workers Friday to a campaign for pensions in the automobile indus try Reuther told 2500 delegates to the UAW education conference Thursday night that the unions demands for 1949 contracts will emphasize the socalled fringe benefits of increased social se curity and medical and health programs Turn Attention In a statement that might key note all of labors demands from management this year Reuther said With some leveling off of the price indexes we feel it is oppor tune to direct our attention to so cial security Although he placed wages sec ondary among 1949 contract ob jectives Reuther instructed union negotiators to try to adjust pay levels upward to the equivalent of those prevailing in June 1946 when OPA controls were lifted Warns Management And he warned that if manage ment turned down the unions de mands on social security and med ical benefits we will demand wage increases equivalent to the pension and social security plan plus the wage adjustments Under the proposed pension and retirement plan automobile firms would set aside a month for each of the nearly 1000000 mem bers of the UAW Say Czechs Open Fire on Americans Frankfurt Germany S army headquarters said Friday Czechoslovak border guards fired on American constabulary troops Thursday The Americans returned the fire the army said The Americans were investigat ing a border crashing incident No American casualty was reported The incident occurred 30 min utes after German border police and the occupants of a truck which crashed through their road block had engaged in another gun duel The truck driver was wounded in that fight the armys report said An American constabulary pa trol then went to the scene to in vestigate and was fired on by Czecholovak border guards the army said The American zone of occupation in Germany borders Czechoslovak border guards the since last February Hummingbirds feed during the daytime large sphinx moths which resemble them feed at evetiingtide MISSOURI MULES PASS IN from Lamar Mo pass the reviewing stand at the white house in Washington Thursday in the inaugural parade honoring a former Missouri farm Truman The president stands in the center of the reviewing platform AP Wirephoto ACTING PRESIDENT OF CHINA Li Tsungjen vice president of China became act ing president Friday following Chiang Kaisheks departure from Nanking Chiang left the Chinese capital city amid reports that he was quitting the presi dency for good Mercury Heads Downward in Iowa Friday Des Moines mercury was zerobound in Iowa Friday and the weather bureau forecast temperatures would dip as low as 15 below zero in the northwest Friday night Temperatures began falling in western Iowa early Friday morn ing and the weather bureau said they would drop throughout the state Friday afternoon Sioux City reported a 20 degree drop in hours with a 10 below reading at midmorning New snow up to 4 inches had fallen in the state and there was forecast of more The weather bu reau forecast temperatures 5 to 6 degrees below normal during the next 5 days and said snowfall will average 2 inches A freezing mist had made high ways in the vicinity of Council Bluffs Missouri Valley Denison Carroll Onawa and Harlan slip pery Friday morning the highway commission said Packed snow and a light mist turned northeastern Iowa highways slippery the com mission reported Outside of these roads the commission said highways were not hazardous Highways in east ern and southern Iowa were cov ered with packed snow the com mission reported but not hazard ous Other highways were report ed practically normal Threatening Letters Sent by Twin Sister Moline III new chap ter was written Friday in the story of Molines gambling crusaders Mrs Helene Van Muelebrock and her daughter Marie with the dec laration of States Attorney Ber nard J Moran that handwriting and printing in connection with death threats received by the pair have been positively identified as that of Matilda twin sister of Marie States Attorney Moran said he has turned evidence over to fed eral authorities because it has been determined that the alleged acts of Matilda are not construed as violations of Illinois statutes Under federal law sending of threatening notes carries a maxi mum penalty of as a fine 5 years imprisonment or both Moran stated Matilda is liable although the notes were sent by her to her mother and sister by anonymous mail The course to be taken by federal authorities re mained a matter of speculation It lies with Howard M Doyle dis trict attorney at Springfield who is now in Washington The threat angle will have no effect upon grand jury investiga tion of gambling in Rock Island county scheduled to be started Feb 7 Moran announced that the Van Muelebrock twins and their mother will be subpenaed to pre sent whatever evidence they have on gambling Turns Over Position to TsungJen Generalissimo Flies South Permanent Retirement Rumored Nanking Kaishek handed over the reins of govern ment Friday to vice president Li Tsungjen and flew south os tensibly to rest His final intentions were not clear amid a welster of rumors and statements some official some he was re tiring as president Chiang himself was to issue a statement later probably Friday night Chiangs arrival at Fenghwa 210 miles southeast of this red menaced capital was reported by Chiang himself in a telephone call to Cabinet Minister Chang Chun No Reason An official announcement no reason for Chiangs departure but said in accordance with the constitution Li Tsungjen will act for the president during his ab sence Chiang and Madame Chiang who is now in the United States usually pay a visit to his native home just before the Chinese new year Jan 29 This gives Chiang an opportunity to leave Nanking without making a clear break which many factions are seeking as a prelude to peace with the reds Official sources said they were certain his departure was intend ed as a move to permit the peace group to seek a negotiated set tlement of the civil war tinder the leadership of Li No Word From Li No word came immediately from Li himself It was learned reliably he agreed to take over the presidential duties only after receiving assurances that the of ficial seal and other of authority would be given to him Chiang left behinda statement which one official source said contained no direct reference to his retirement but said he was leaving Nanking because he need ed a rest after many strenuous months of work Whatever the purposes of Chi angs departure it is an impor tant step toward peace for China Many officials including some high military leaders have hesi tated to campaign actively for an end of hostilities and a negotiated conclusion of the civil war be cause they feared Chiangs anger Find Farmer Dead Tractor Osceola The body of Henry Vawn 50 farmer near here was found under his overturned tractor Friday on a gravel road on Lane Hill 3 miles northwest of here Deputy Sheriff Ralph Kimmel said the body was found by Bob Mitchell who had helped Vawn pull Yawns car from a ditch short time earlier Mitchell said the car had slid into a ditch Thursday night Vawn returned this morning with his tractor and had asked Mitchell to assist in getting the car out Damage Suit Given Over to Jury The damage suit of Al bert and Marcella Ficken Lime Springs against Victor Spilde Albert Lea and his coun terclaim went to the jury for con sideration at noon Friday Tha trial of the case began Monday but was interrupted Thursday because one of the attorneys was called to Waterloo Judge William P Butler completed his instruc tions to the district court Jury just before noon KILLED BY CAR Onawa fi Funeral services will be held here Saturday after noon for Christine Carlyle Lam bert 15 months old daughter of Mr and Mrs Lyle Lambert The child was killed Thursday by the car her mother was backing out of the family driveway No Inaugural Comment in Soviet Newspapers Moscow newspa pers reported President Trumans inauguration in 10line dispatches without comment Friday The bulk of them devoted 4 pages to Fridays celebration of the death of V I Lenin founder of the Soviet Union 25 years ago SAME Black ftef iraftu to M hran ;