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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 21, 1942, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT OF KfSTOKY AND ARCHIVE CE3 MO I KCj i A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAKR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LKASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JANUARY 21 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 88 GUERILLAS ATTACK JAPS OPM Agency Abolished NEW SETUP IS DESCRIBED BY DONALD NELSON Batt and Kanzler Named to Assist in Reorganized Plan WASHINGTON M Nelson announced Wednesday he would abolish the office pro duction management and bring all of its functions and activities under his authority as chairman of the new war production board Nelson old a press ence he was setting up six major divisions under the board eliminating the old contract distribution division entirely and incorporating the priorities and allocations system under a new division of industry opera tion charged with full respon sibility for the conversion of all possible American industry to war production He said an important branch of the new setup would be a re quirements committee headed by William L Batt Philadelphia in dustrialist and composed of rep resentatives of the army navy lendlease administration and all other agencies concerned with production of raw materials The reorganization effective as soon as the orders can be drawn was described by the war produc tion chiefas an interim plan sub iject to possible future revision Any revolutionary changes would onlybring delay he commented 1 VIBMWU jVtlSOIX pointed Ernest Kaniler long time associate of Henry Ford and formerly in charge of Ford production to head up the automobile conversion program with all the authority Ive got to set that job done Illustrating the authority dele gated to Kanzler Nelson asserted IMhere are tools in Fords fac tory that are needed in General Motors they will be moved over Tuesday night Nelson com manded the automobile industry to halt production Feb 1 and turn its full power to war production The reorganization will strip Sidney Hillman of his title of associate OPM director but will leave him as director of the WPB labor division one of the six major board branches Nelson will establish The production chief said he vould like to see both Hillman and William S Knudsen former OPM director general remain as members of the war production board although the jobs which entitled them to positions on the board have been abolished He in dicated ho would ask President Roosevelt to issue an executive order specifically assigning them to the WPB which has powers merely to assist and advise Nelson Nazis Advertise for Witness When German Soldier Is Wounded VICHY shooting of German soldier outside an amuse ment center in Paris was disclosed Wednesday wiien German author ties advertised in newspapers fo a witness The authorities said through tin newspapers that a numbnr of sus pects had been rounded up anc they asked a girl who was believec to have witnessed the shooting tr present herself to identify the as sailant from among the suspects The shooting occurred outside Luna park near the Maillot Gate Blame Gas Fumes for Renwick Mans Death RENWICK mon oxide gas which leaked from coal heating stove was blamea Wednesday for the death of Wil liam Fisher 73 who was found dying at his home here Tuesday His wife was overcome by the fumes but revived STARK IS ELECTED MINNEAPOLIS Minn UPl Arthur Stark of Harris Minn became president of the Minnesota Independent Retail Lumber Deal ers association Wednesday Recapture of Mozhaisk of Major Import By DEW1TT MacKENZIE Wide World War Analyst The Russian recapture of Moz laisk opposite Moscow is a vic ory of major importance and one vhich may well expand into fur ther great successes in the im mediate future Mozhaisk which sits astride the MoscowSmolensk railway has been the anchor for the center of the nazi winter de fense line The Germans had fortified this key position heav ily and were depending on It mightily for their spring of fensive which would be calcu lated to make an early capture of the soviet capital With the fal of Mozhaisk how ivor the whole German lundreds of miles of the fighting ine up and down the Moscow sec will be forced to mil back to a great depth in or Jer lo straighten the front for his town lay at the apex of a jreat salient which the invaders lad driven into the red defense ndeed the Muscovites report that he Hitlerites are retreating along the Smolensk road tragic Na poleonic memories Withdrawal of a big army under jnemy pressura is always a des perate undertaking It is doubly so when it has to be engineered through deep snows and in sub zero weather particularly for Iroops which are unequipped for such weather and now have been deprived of their shelter of winter quarters and must shift for them selves in the deathdealing winds of the steppes The position is one which cer tainlyholds potential disaster Im thenazis Depends on whether the Russians are able to exploit their capture of Moz haisk before he Germans are able to retire to fresh positions and reestablish their line V Previously I called your at tention to the threat in the Jap anese capture of the airbase of Tavoy in British Burma Since then combined Japanese and Sia mese Thai forces have struck toward the Burmese port of Moul mcin though the British report that the drive was checked near the ThailandBurma frontier town of Myawaddi Now the extension of the Jap anese attack to Burma is most disquieting As pointed out before were the Japs able to gain con trol of Burma they would at once have cut the Burma voad and thereby fairly well isolate China from the outside world and would have gained a powerful base for operations aaainst India Loss of the Burmaroad oh vionsly would be a catastrophe for the allies in the far east since ft would cut the Chinese off from iheir main supply route And today the Chinese press is appealing to the United States and Britain for huge quantities of war materials But beyond this there is small doubt that the Japanese are get ting set for a possible attempt lo wrest the Indian empire from Britain That has been one of Nip pons great dreams for long years Its been one of Germanys for that matter There is no reason to suppose that the British arent holding Burma in strength They als have a large standing army of na tives in India However if the Japs should succeed in getting hold of Burma it would presenl a serious menace to India proper The gravity of this situation would be vastly increased if the Nippon ese should also capture Singapore for that would give them a SCE route between Singapore and Su matra to reach their base ir Burma The British position isnt made any easier by the strong political agitation in both Bur ma and British India for abso lute freedom because that works against unity It is true thai the powerful allIndia congress representing countless millions of followers recently voted to support the British government in the war This wasnt because of love of the British but from fear of the axis powers The congress and their grea leader Gandhi split on this issue and ha abandoned his leadership because he doesnt countenance the use of violence even for de fense He is the most powerfu figure in India and naturally many of his people will adopt his attitude which means that while they wouldnt support the enemy neither would they fight for the British I know Gandhi personally and have found that once he nas his mind made up he is difficult to budge REDS PURSUING BATTERED NAZI INVASION ARMY Celebrates Moshawsk Victory Score Gains on Upper Donets River By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Russia celebrated her greatest ictory of the war Wednesday as he red armies drove six miles beyond fallen Mozhaisk 57 miles vest of Moscow in pursuit of AdolE Hitlers battered invaders along the Napoleonic road of re reat to Smolensk London military quarters es timated hat 200000 Germans had been forced to withdraw toward the narrowing Vyazma ffap as a result of Mozhaisks capture Vyazma is about halfway be tween Moscow and Smolensk jf Simultaneously a bulletin from hitlers field headquarters ac that soviet troops had jroken through German lines on the upper Donets ibly in the fierce battle for the Dig Donets river steel city of Kharkov Russias Pittsburgh in the Ukraine The high command asserted however that nazi counter attacks had thrown the Russians back No hint of the defeat of the central Moscow front was given the German nation Hitlers armies fell back along the 70 corridor from Mozhaisk threatened by Russian Hanking thrusts on both sides the Berlin radio broadcast this version of the struggle German ine on the front reaching from the sea of Azov to encircled Lenin grad is intact in spite of many and heavy soviet attacks The attacks resulted in heavy losses being suffered by the so viets but without achieving the occupation of any important points The fall of Mozhaisk climaxed by bloody street fightingin the glare of burning buildings wai announced in four words by Ihe Russian command Our units captured Mozhaisk1 The city forward anchor of Hitlers winter defense front was occupied by triumphant red army forces at 3 m a m E S T Monday It had been captured by the Germans just three months ago in the heyday of their now broken of fensive against drive which Hitler proclaimed would be the last great de cisive battle of 1941 In London soviet quarters de clared that the fall of Mozhaisk would signal a titanic continua tion of the battle and thai the Russian army now had hundreds of thousands of completely fresh reserves ready to hurl into a giant offensive along the entire 1200mile front Tass the official soviet news agency said the Germans suffcrec enormous losses in an attempt to obey Hitlers order to hold Mo zhaisk at all costs Tass said red army troops storming into the city after smash ing earlhandtimeber forts 50 to 100 yards opart found a scene o chaotic destruction and carnage The whole defense belt ivas dus with huse craters and lit tered with German bodies soviet foot soldiers moved re lentlessly toward the center of the town driving out or killing automatic riflemen in their hideouts the dead piled up in cellars attics and stairways and spilled through doorways Even before the capture oL Mozhaisk wounded and frost bit ten German troops were reportec lo have been moving to the rear a a rate of five to six trainloads daily Hitlers high command empha sized the bitter fighting in the Donets river basin reporting tha the Russians lost 1100 killed in one battle and asserted that a total of 10605 soviet prisoners hac now been captured at Feodosiya in the Crimea Torn by explosives and scarred by fire Mozhaisk was taken by red army troops under LicutGcn Leonid Govorov U S Navy Torpedo Boot Mokes Daring Raid Last Rites of Star Held at Forest Lawn HOLLYWOOD UP Because she had wanted itthat way only the close friends and relatives of arole Lombard were invited to lier funeral late Wednesday A few hours after her griev ing husband Clark Gable had brought tier body back lo Holly wood from the scene of the air plane crash which killed the movie star and 21 other persons last Friday a family spokesman announced the funeraj plans The spokesman said Carole and hermotherwould buried at Forest Lawn Memorialimpark where lie the graves btJeanHar low Tom Mix Wallace Reid Irv ing Thalberg and Will Rogers The funeral service will be read by the Rev Gordon C Chapman at the Church of the Recessional at 6 p m iVliss Lombard and her mother the spokesman said in their re spective wills requested private services Although Miss Lombard was in public life she wanted only members of the family and close friends near in death Pallbearers for Miss Lombard will be Director Walter Lang Harry Fleishman Actor Fred MacIWurray Acrenl Buster Col lier Matt Wolff At Mcnasco Danny Winkler and Actor Zcp po IHarx Bodies of Miss Lombard her mother Mrs Elizabeth K Peters and her friend and studio press agent Otto Winkler arrived by train from Las Vegas Nev in custody of Gable Gable left the train at Pomona 35 miles from Hollywood to avoid the crowd at Los Angeles sta tion The once laughing actress was enroute from Indianapolis Ind where she had led a defense bond sales campaign when the Trans continental and Western Airlines crashed into the stone face of Dou bleorNothing mountain Gables immediate plans were indefiniie A new picture on which he started working just before the tragedy will be shelved for an indefinite period Studio officials who long have known Gable preferred fishing and hunting to acting feared lie might withdraw pciTnanently from motion pictures Reports that Gable might join the army ail corps could not be confirmed Al though he likes to My his age 41 probably would bar him Other victims the air cram included 15 officers and men of the army ferry command three mem bers of the plane crew and one other civilian passenger The last of the bodies was brought from the scene of the accident Tuesday night The descent down the snow covered slope was delayed when a horse carrying one of the vic tims stumbled over a cliff Only three of the bodies besides those of the Hollywood trio have been identified Pictured above is a United States navy P T boat similar to that which in a daring raid Tuesday sank a Japanese ship in the Philippines CONTRACT FOR TANKS SIGNED New Streamlined Tanks to Be Built in Davenport Area DAVENPORT huge contract been signed for the manufacture of a new type streamlined tank in the Daven port Rock Island Holinc area Col Donald Armstrong deputy duet ofthcChicago ordjaacce trictannpunced Wednesday Ttiecontract was signed the International Harvester company which has big farm implement plants just across the Mississippi river Colonel Armstrong said the contract was the biggest he had signed and would avert i threat of widespread priorities unem ployment in the quadcities area Details were 7jot announced but Armstrong said the tank to be manufactured in this area was a new type and included improve ments made since United States tanks underwent the test of battle in north Africa President Fowler BlcCormick of International Harvester who also spoke at a joint meeting of the Chambers of Commerce of Davenport Rock Island Moline East Moline said much of the work would be subcontracted Head man of the production job will be E H Sohner superin tendent of the Farrnall tractor plant in Rock Island President Rosevelt recently an nounced that the nations goal was the production of 120000 tanks by the end of 1943 Armstrong and McCormick did not ravcal whfit percentage of the total would be turned out by the implement factories in Ibis area Armstrong said Internation al Harvester company will have jobs before long for all the workmen who have been work ing in the plants here and for many more plants besides The car shops of the Bettendnrf company covering many acres will become the assembly plant of the communitywide program Colonel Armstrong said the exact amount of the Original ne gotiated contract is a military secret but added Previously the largest contract I had ever signed was for 580000000 Argentina Agrees to Compromise RIO DE JANEIRO entina was reported Wednesday to have agreed to a compromise im the resolution for a joint sever ance of all relations with the axis nations by the 21 American repub lics The compromise it was under stood was drafted by Foreign Minister Oswaldo Aranha of Brazil with the delegation to permit Ar gentina her in the light ofher strong opposition to the resolution U S Torpedo Boat Sinks Jap Vesseel WASHINGTON a dar ing exploit brilliantly accom plished the navy wrote a new lame on the roll of ils war heroes Vedncsday and added one more hip lo Japanese losses for th hilippincs invasion The name belonged lo 30 yearold Lieut John D Bulkeley 37 DIE IN BLAST VICHY France coal mine explosion at Saint Etiennc killed 37 persons Wednesday Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY No precipitation and continued mild tempera lures Wednesday afternoon and Wednesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 40 Minimum in night 26 At 8 a m Wednesday 30 YEAR AGO Maximum 24 Minimum 20 Unprecedented Rush of lowans to Pay Taxes Is Revealed DES MOINES is an unprecedented rush of lowans to pay taxes on their 1341 in comes according to E H Bir mingham Icnva collector ol in ternal revenue People arent complaining now cither he said They say its their patriotic duty to help the government and theyre doing it as soon and as best they can Burrell Is Named to Ames Publicity Job AMES G Burrcll has been named an assistant in Ihe Iowa Stale college publicily service He is a University of Iowa gradualc was fopnerly a mem ber ot the Iowa State Teachers college publicity staff at Cedar Falls Turn Your Clock Ahead Hour Feb 9 By PAUL HANSELI DES MOINES better get ready to turn 3our clock an hour ahead at 2 a m Feb 0 Personally were going to do it before we go to bed that Sunday night Most lowans it appears are to operate their lives otj daylight saving time whether they like it or not Now theres nothing in the law that says youve got to turn your clock ahead If you live on a farm and want your timepiece to read 12 noon and dinnertime when Johnsons clock up the hill gives him another hours plowing yet thats okny If you live in town anl can con vince the boss he should open Ms store or office an hour later than the competition thats okoy lot In fact said Jens Grothe as sistant attorney general Wednes day the Iowa statutes jusl show a great big void in regards to time So it seems to boil down to this most lowans can do as they please Gov George A Wilson who de clined Tuesday to discussthc time question unlil he had n Aiance to see Ihe bill signed by the presi dent hasnt the power to declare the state on or off daylight saving time according to Groihes in formal opinion The governor could issue a pro clamation urging lowans for the sake of uniformity to follow a particular time program but thats all The governor was out of town Wednesday The electricity savin laiv signed by the president Tues day puts all interstalc commerce and federal government activi ties on daylight lime That will affect a lot of lowans In Grothes opinio whether daylight savings is applied to the state government rests with the Iowa executive council A Secretary of State Earl G Mil ler State Auditor C B Akcrs Secrelary of Agriculture Mark Thornbnrg and State Treasurer W G C Bagley all said Wednes day they thought the state should go along with the rest of ih country on the matter They are four members of the council Gov ernor Wilsons the fifth So it looks like the stalehouse and other state employes will be on daylight savings And that vvil affect a lot more lowans Various farm leaders have ex pressed no objections and they presumably speak tor a lot more Jowans of Lonff Island City New York who rocketed a swift motor tor pedo boat into enemyheld Bin anga bay and torpedoed a 5000 ton Japanese vessel despite a stornf ofenemy MDs T joat make its spectacular debut i he Pacific war theater and tin action undoubtedly heralded man milar attacks in the future V V The nocturnal assault suggest ng anew the steadily wider opera ions oC Admiral Thomas S Hart ar eastern command was re ported by the navy dcpartmcn a communique Tuesday nigh which said that Bulkeley ha iccn commended for executing hi commission successfully Eulkeley had eight seamen as yet unidentified in his crew but the matteroffact navy state ment hardly hints at the nerve racking peril of their mad dash It reports merely that this small boat carried out its diffi cult task while under fire of ma chine suns and threeinch shore batteries The greatesl protection the me had was the speed of their power ful craft whose 4200 horsepowe engine is capable of producing maximum of about 70 knots or miles an hour Besides speed there was Hie cle ment of surprise in the surprise increased by the fact that Binanpa bay tucked away insids Subic bay on Luzon islnrid is far from any known base of allied op orations in the far east The Jap anese might reasonably have ex pected American submarines in that vicinity but they apparently were not on guard against a light ning attack by a lone small boat That was the enemys mistake for American navy men have turned such risky tricks before During the revolutionary John Barry and some stout hearted men in four small craft actually caplurcd a British man ofwar and four supply ships in Ihe Delaware river In Ihe war with Barbary pirates Commodore Stephen Dccatur and a little group ot bluejackets slipped inlo the pirate stronghold of Tripoli one black night in a native ketch and burned a frigate HIT AT FLANK OF HUGE SCALE JAP OFFENSIVE Guerillas Slay 110 of Enemy in Surprise Attack on Airdrome By JOE ALEX MORRIS United Press Foreign Editor American defenders of thn hilippines Wednesday struck it the flank of a big scale apanesc land and air offen sive against a 3500mile aJ ied front guarding Singapore iml the East Indies In particularly savage fightinjj on the Bataan peninsula the forces of Gen Douglas iVIacArthur beat hack the Japanese and recaptured a 11 positions with very heavy losses to the enemy a ivar depart ment communique dis closed But even more dangerous to the Tapanese the communique said Uiat MacArthurs guerillas were oing into action in enemyheld territory of northern Luzon island and had killed 110 Japanese and routed 300 others in a surprise at tack on Tuguegarao airdrome 50 miles south of Aparri This attack coupled with American resistance near Davao on Mindanao island indicated that the threat to the Japanese flank svas increasing on land as well as at sea where U S airplanes and torpedo boats were striking effective blows TheAmerjcan operations iij the Philippiries were importance because of the intensi fied enemy aerial offensive against a broad southwestern Pacific front extending from Malaya lo the British islands just north of Aus tralia and arousing increasing con cern that a blow would soon be aimed at the north Australian coast Big fleets of Japanese bomb ers often accompanied by fight er nlancs struck nt the Bis marck and Admiralty Islands British New Guinea the Dutch East Indies and Sinsapore which suffered a savage attack on civilian areas These operations were costly for the Japanese however and about 13 enemy planes were reported brought down including 12 at Singapore which would have assured the enemy of superior power in a naval fight Todays mightily powered nnval motorboats arc a far cry from Barrys frail craft and Decaturs borrowed ketch but now as then tlie story in such instances is es sentially one of Hie iron courage of a few men willing to take the long chance to perform an import ant task What Lieutenant Bulkcieys stab into Binanga bay accomplished in a strategical sense is yet to be dis closed Some naval experts viewed it possibly as a harassing action against the Japanese r FILES FOR D1VOKCE HENO Nev tf John R Bums has brought suit for divorce from Dorothy Burns charging cruelty His petition said they were married at Davenport low Nov 5 J32T Realization of Australians that the war was surging close to their home front was indicated by in tensified defense preparations at the important north coast port nt Darwin by proposals to recall leading Australian pilots from Britain and by plans to enroll ev ery man woman and child in n new mobilization of war power Nearer clearer deadlier than ever before was lie way Prime Minister John Curlin described Australias war dancer uith x quotation from Byrons Night Before Anybody who tails lo perceive the immediate menace in this aerial attack on the islands 275 miles to Ihe north must be lost lo reality he added The immediate danger to Singa pore also continued grave al though British defense lines ap peared to be standing more firmly pgainst Japanese infiltration and flanking maneuvers about 60 miles north of the big naval base In trie Dutch islands Japanese paratroops had occupied all of Minahassa on the northern tip of Celebes island but paid clearly the Dutch communique said The Dutch forces still were fighting on Celebes as enemy planes renewed attacks on Borneo and Mcdan port on Sumatra Eastward in the British islands north of Australia the Japanese sent a fleet of about 100 bombers which Tuesday suffered loss of three to six planes in attacks on Kabaul inlo action again strik ing at Kawicns on Bismarck island Lorunuau on Admiralty island and Madan on New Guinea These attacks carrying the enemy air offensive to with in 275 miles of Australia were much more intense than in the past Operations at sea also were in tensified by both sides Following disclosure that V S army bombers had sunk an enemy cruiser and set a tanker afire off the Philip pines a communique said that an American torpedo boat had tor pedoed a 5000ton enemy ship in a daring raid on Binanga bay which the Japanese had been using I as a base in their operations ;