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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 21, 1937, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLIII FIVE CENTS A COPV ASSOCIATED PRESS LJSASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA THUKSDAY JANUARY 21 1937 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 92 FEAR TAX REVOLT Administiation Watches for Signs of Trouble By CHAKLES F STEWART A S H 1 N GTON C P A Roosevelt a d m i n i s t r ation and its manag ers on capitol hill are en countering the usual difficulty i n preventing small groups in congress r r o m forming part nerships to get what t h c y jointly want in disregard of the general majori tys broad cy ASKS TRADE POLICY EXTENSION F R SAYS NEED OFTRADEPACTS HAS NOT ENDED Hull Urges House Ways and Means Group to Back 3 Year Extension Bitter Cold Claims North lowans Life WASHINGTON I Roosevelt devoted ihe first con Divided these Sessional dispatch of his second u term Thursday 10 a request for little groups would give the uhite l extending the life of house no particular headache ies fcmtrd however the loot up a formidable total hrpp years a means of Tiist now thev threaten trouble i uuee cals a 01 oust now LIU LU promoting peace and recovery in connection with the issue 011 federal taxation of whats known the president wrote Chairman as the nuisance nSnl now5 tcejht even though small per individual collection An Example Given Not to be too definite thereby starting an ill natured controversy suppose that State No 1 is the countrys main producing area of commodity A which has on it a stiff excise that state No 1 would like to get nd of state No 23 is the major producer of commodity Q which No 23 is anxious to keep untaxed Twentythree doesnt care a nickels worth for No 1s concern as to commodity A nor No las to 23s vorries over commodity mercial policies of corn by the United States had done much to arrest the world trend toward national economic Asserting the task was by no means finished Mr Roosevelt said emergency conditions still exist in international trade relations and excessive barriers continue to The measure would permit operate against American trade j drought countjes to issue antici j pation warrants against an em I ergency tax levy not to exceed Bill on Feed Loans Rushed I by Assembly DES MOINES Iowa s e n a t e rushed consideration Thursday of a bill permitting drought counties to make feed loans to farmers and the house prepared to take it up later in the day The upper chamber received the bill early in its session and sent it to committee for imme diate consideration Along with the drought loan bill the senate received a num ber of measures One would pro hibit possession of slot machines except those used constructed and operated for the sole purpose of vending merchandise or ren dering a service As soon as the drought feed loan bill was introduced itwas given its first and second read ings Farracrs Without Feed Hull Asks Passage Rested by a nights sleep after Wednesdays strenuous round of inauguration activities the presi dent returned to his desk with a full calendar of engagements con I fronting him He said he was feel But No 23 will help No 1 if j ing fit No 1 will help To 23 and vice Secretary Hull appeared before xversa ways and means committee to Applies to States i ask passage of a measure that It this rule applied only to i would give the administration slates No 1 and 23 and to com modities A and Q it wouldnt so policy a three year lease on much matter senate civil liberties com j mittee looking into industrial con charge farmers for feed loans to farmers The loans would be made under supervision of county boards of supervisors Sponsors oi the bill said that in some of the states drought counties farmers are without feed or the money to buy it Tha judiciary committee con sidering the bill stayed in ses sion over the lunch hour to draft several minor amendments in cluding a possible 3 per cent limit on interest counties could FLOOD DAMAGE OVER MILLION RIVERS ON RISE Reported Homeless in Southern Part of West Virginia damage reached with Ohio river still rising after heavy rains CHARLKSTOWN W Twentyeight hundred homeless in southern West Virginia CAIRO 111 Most serious flood in recently years threatens southern Illinois PITTSBURGH Rain and snow drive Monongahela and Allegheny rivers toward flood stage HAZELTON Ind White river breaks through levee arid drives 500 village residents to heights of low landers flee before the rising Mississippi and tributaries LOOK INSIDE FOR all commodities from A to the other end of the alphabet and several of each in some cases Of course it is not true that the states combine solidly on every item to defeat levies desired by the administration If they did there wouldnt be any taxes But there always is a tendency on the part of two or three or more states to join forces to get what they want not collectively but variously Let this tendency become ram pant and it is enough to knock the stuffing nut if any fiscal pro gram Remunerative Now federal nuisance taxation has been tolerably remunerative to the United States treasury To be fairly exact it has yielded nearly a half billion annually President Roosevelt deserves it to continue to do so for the ent anyway He does not care for the continuance of any especial tax but he is exceedingly desirous to maintain the governments to tal Tne existing schedule will lapse on July 31 Consequently the problem of renewing it in some fashion is urgent Committee All First the ways and means comj mittee of the house of lives will Cackle it With th1 ways and means com mittee headed by Congressman Robert Doughton of North Car olina as chairman the adminis uation will have little trouble The committee members are high ly responsible oldtimers in close touch with the white house and Treasury Secretary Morgenthau Even the republican members are inclined to be reasonable told by Homer D Sayre executive officer of the Na tional Metal Trades association that his organization ran a spy system on labor in plants of mem ber firms Prisons Head Rcsignis Sanford Bates director of the federal bureau of prisons resigned effective Feb 1 to become execu tive director of the Boys Club of America Inc Speaker Bankhead told his press conference that republican House Meets House consideration of a separ ate feed relief measure met a snag over a proposal to amend the bill to insert provision requiring the j issuance of a chattel mortgage to county boards as security for feed loans opposition to considering legisla tion by unanimous consent rather than the customary procedure of bringing in a special rule forced a lastminute delay j tomorrow of house action on the bill to extend lending powers of the reconstruction corporation By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Heavy rains heightened Thursday the river menace Is widespread east and central west areas driving some streams to crests which threatened to equal record floods of 1913 Property loss and human miseiy mounted with the rising waters In Cincinnati alone police estimated damage in excess of Thousands abandoned Ohio Valley homes and sought refuge on higher lands Hundreds banded together to maintain dikes and levees while others formed emer gency crews to transfer merchan dise from periled areas The floods covered miles of Opposing this move Rep Gusj and in Pennyslvania West Vir tave Alesch D of Marcus con tended that farmers now needing money had mortgaged themselves to the limit They have no secur ity he held One other amendment limiting the interest rate to be paid on loans to not exceed per cent i was adopted unti During its morning session the So far as the committee then is concerned it will report out a bill in a form satisfactory to the presi dent and his financial advisers Thea however the fun prob ably will start N oncommitteemen will be powerless to monkey with the committees plan while the com mittee is framing it but the mo ment it is submitted to the house They will be privileged to begin offering amendments to it Assume that legislators state No 7 propose to amend out a tax on commodity L its particu lar bete And that No 19 proposes to amend out item S If youll vote for our state 19s spokesmen will say to state 7s well vote for State 7 will agree Several other states will join the alliance as to as many additional alphabetical commodities Sees More Sport Soon will look like something that the cat dragged in After which the senate will have some more sport with it Next it will go to conference be tween the two what have you Administration leaders are do ing their best in a preliminary way to prevent such an epidemic of amendments from breaking But heaven knows Party lines dont signify much in such a con test PERKINS MEETS UNION LEADERS Says Failure to Evacuate Plants Major Obstacle to Settlement WASHINGTON of Labor Perkins called Gov Frank Murphy of Michigan and leaders of striking automobile workers to her office Thursday She conferred at length Wednes day with the high command of the General Motors corporation John L Lewis head of the com mittee for industrial organization and Homer Martin president of the United Automobile Workers were summoned Murphy was asked to attend Principal Miss Perkins seeking peace in the widespread automobile labor conflict said occupation of Fisher body plants in Flint by sitdown strikers was the princi pal barrier to resumption of ne gotiations between General Mo tors and the United Automobile Workers Before resuming her efforts to from j oring corporation officials and the senate passed a resolution author izing pay for its employes Flood of Hills Included in the flood of bills in troduced in the senate were meas ures to Prevent selection of phy sicians on city hospital boards prevent telephone companies from loweringprices in single commun ities to meet competition prohibit the incorporation of cemetery as sociations for profit authorize cities and towns to maintain nurses homes and prevent gas and electric companies from mak ing higher charges than stated in franchise ordinances While the senate recessed for a half hour to await the committee ginia Ohio Maryland Kentucky Indiana Illinois Tennessee Mis souri and Arkansas Yellow wat ers crept up city streets and flooded basements in scores of communities Ohio River Rases Riding high on an accumulation of heavy rains the Ohio river descended on Portsmouth Ohio and caused City Manager Frank Sheeban lo warn all residents ex those in hilltop districts to prepare to leave homes and busi ness houses The city has a popu lation of more than The river rose twotenths of a foot an hour at Cincinnati toward a crest the weather bureau said might equal that of the 1913 in undation which cost southwestern Ohio millions of dollars The village of New Richmond 30 miles east of Cincinnati sent MOHANDAS K GANDHI Gandhi Publicly Disowns His Title of Mahatma ON PAGE 15 Musser Now Regional Conservator of Soil ON PAGE 10 Fort Dodge Grapple Squad in Meet ON PAGE 11 Iowas Farm Bureau Membership Increases ON PAGE 3 Further Brick and Tile Expansion Considered ON PAGE 6 IONIA MAN DIES AS FRIGID WAVE GRIPS ALL IOWA Weatherman Offers Little Hope TKat State Will Warm Up Soon Bitter below zero cold which swept over Iowa Wednesday night throttled the state Thurs day and the weatherman said there was little indication of much warmer weather soon j Henry Schroeder 22 year old j Ionia farmhand died at a hospi tal in New Hampton Thursday apparently of exposure two hours after motorists found him ex hausted on a highway near here He was found beside his car which had gone in a ditch It was Relieved that Schroeder became exhausted while attempt ing to get the automobile back on the highway and had lain down to FORECAST crews were dispatched to evacu ate families surrounded by wa ter Fifteen hundred families al d had lheir homes in report on the emergency drough j Kentucky cities union together Miss Perkins told reporters that one of the main reasons lor the failure of Gover nor Murphys proposed negotia tions in Detroit to materialize had been swept aside That reason she said was the Flint alliance epi Refused to Evacuate S Knudsec General Motors vice president notified the Flint of non union employes Saturday night that he would confer with them Tuesday The union then refused to evacuate the Flint plants Since Monday Miss Perkins said the corporation has agreed not tonegotiate with any group other than the auto union for the time being That leaves she theoccupation of the Flint plant the principal barrier torcsump tionof strike settlement negotia tions r loan measure another handful of bills came to the desk including one to divert two million dollars of liquor commission profits to im provements at state board of con trol institutions and one to reduce the minimum interest rate coun ties may charge on loans from the permanent school funds House Marks Time The house marking time to await decision of election contests and seelction of house standing committees plunged into another party politics stalemate in its ses sion late Wednesday when demo crats and republicans locked horns over distribution of the remaining patronage Democrats offered a slate of house help Republicans countered with one of then own Both parties agreed on William Reineckc for assistant chief clerk and Oley Nelson the Civil war veteran for sergeant at firms but varied widely on their choice for other positions The fight went as far as a call of the house but a vote was pre vented when a republican motion to excuse the absent members three democrats and a republican was defeated lacking the neces sary twothirds majority Executed by Fascists m Spain BAYONNE teen thousand persons have been executed bySpanish in province since the begin ning of the Spanish civil war the Basque nationalist government t I Bilbao charged Houses Flooded Indicative of the sweep of the flood was a report that of the houses in New Rich mond were flooded Water swirled five feet deep in the j streets Almost the entire population of Aurora worked to remove stocks from stores Fire sirens brought them from their beds at midnight Bursting through a levee White River waters took over the vil lage of Hazelton Ind Its 500 res idents stood onhills and surveyed the wreckage Flood waters swept over the Kentucky lowlands in some places reaching the mark driving hundreds from their homes and derailing a Louisville and Nashville train at Slaughters The national guard was mustered in Frankfort to assist evacuation of areas flo6ded by the Kentucky j river Lowland Dwellers Flee Rising levels of the Mississippi and its tributaries forced lowland dwellers to flee in west Tennes see and northeastern Arkansas Tents box cars and public build ings housed the homeless Winter rain and mountain snow sent the rivers in western Penn sylvania toward flood stage to The south branch of the Po tomacriver washed tempor ary bridge near Springfield W Va The Red Cross reported the of Ken nett Mo Rescuers searched many families believedmarooned by the St Francis river flood wa ters i BENOIT IN PLEA OF NOT GUILTY Former Convict Had Orally Confessed Slaying of State Trooper MONROE Alcide Frenchy Benoit 24 pleaded innocent in municipal court Thursday on a charge of shooting io death State Policeman Rich ards F Hammond He waived ex amination and Municipal Judge John P Faucher at once ordered him held for circuit court trial Benoits plea surprised some po lice officers who announced they had obtained an oral confession from the former convict that he killed Hammond and shackled his j body to a rural mailbox Benoit was captured Wednes day night by four state police men John M Smith companion of Benoit was acharge of carrying concealed weapons 3e waived examination and was bound over tocircuit court under bond for appearance Sat urday rest Temperatures Plummet Temperatures plummeted from the twenties and lower thirties late Wednesday after a day of snow sleet and freezing rain which smeared the with new drifts and a new glaxe of ice Mason City recorded a mini mum of 12 below zero Trains were late due to cold and drifts Main highways on which snow plows cleared away snow that drifted Wednesday were open rLtl D k but some secondary roads Iowa Umcers I 1ODC Theminimum temperature at Forest City was 13 below Main highways were open in Winne bago county but snowplows worked Thursday on side roads Way Below Zero Spirit Lake reported 15de grees below zero Iowa Falls 12 below Sioux City and Charles 1 0 W A Partly cloudy to cloudy probably snow in south east arid extreme east portions Thursday nigbt and Friday continued cold Thursday night notquite coM in ertreme west portion Friday MINNESOTA Generally fair Thursday night and Friday colder in northeast portion Thursday night not quite so cold in west portion Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum Wednesday 33 Above Minimum in Night 12 At 8 A M Thursday 10 Below Snowfall 1 Inch Precipitation 11 of an Inch The precipitous drop of the mercury from 33 above to 12 be low in a period of about 14 hours was the feature of Wednesdays weather offering in Mason City At the Crystal sugar plant north of the city the nights low mark was 14 below The inch of snow which fell Wednesday forenoon brought Mason Citys snow level back to slightly more than 10 inches Thursday was clear and cold with wind out ol the north west FAIL TO LEARN GIRLS IDENTITY ONEAL OPPOSES STATES RULING FARM PROGRAM National Farm Bureau Head Talks to Iowa Session at DCS Moines DBS MOINES A ONeal American Farm Bureau president declared here Thursday his organization seeks to defer the states as sumption of the a d ministration of the AAA program until1940 ONeal ad t h e Iowa Farm Bu reau conven tion said ad ministration by the 48 states under present conditions would mean City 10 below Council Bluffs 8 below Des Moines and Shenan doah 5 below Mount Ayr 4 be low and Dubuque zero Only the southeast corner of the state escaped below zero readings during the night Dav enport reporting a C degree low and Keokuk 12 degrees The weatherman forecast a 20 below zero minimum in northeast Iowa 15 below in the northwest below in the southwest and five below in the southeast before Friday morning The state highway commission Strawstack in Warren County OMAHA 7P Jerry Wood Iowa state bureau of investiga tion agent and County Attorney Berkley Wilson Warren county Iowa left here Thursday for Sioux City after a futile try to establish the identity ot a girl found dead in Iowa in 1925 Omaha police said the Iowa victim is believed to be a 13 year old girl known only as Esther and a former convent inmate here Efforts to identify her fur ther have failed On Aug 10 1925 the remains of a girls body were found in the ashes of a burned strawstack in Warren county Officers discov ered the girl had been beaten to death The investigation was reopened when a former Iowa woman Mrs reported that fairly heavy snow clarence Gift 37 filed suit for in North Iowa piled up into drifts DOLLAR DAYS THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY Of This Week At Mason City Stores To know whatstores are tak ing part in this event whats to be on sale and the prices read Days adver tisements in the Wednesday but that snowplow crews worked all night getting roads open Sleet Freezing1 Rain In the rest of the state sleet and freezing rain did their worst to the highways before the bitter cold swept in to solidify their job In addition to the cold the weatherman said snow ivas prob able Thursday and Friday in southeast and extreme east Iowa Railroad dispatchers reported all trains going through out some were running as much as two hours late Thursday Bus and truck service was thrown off schedule by the icy highways while motorists literally crept along the icy traffic lanes Scores of persons ed injured by falls on the ice over the state MINNESOTA NORTH DAKOTA HIGHWAY CREWS AT WORK I ST PAUL crews labored in subzero temperatures divorce at lice here were and po informed told Salinas officials her husband had spoken of killing a girl in a strawstack murder in Iowa years ago CALIFORNIAN HELD AS IOWA MURDER IS PROBED SALINAS Gift 37 year old lettuce field in Minnesota T h ur s day and North Dakota to open highways blocked by Wednesdays heavy snowstorm At least one train wss stalled some other trains and buses were canceled andschools were closed in some areas Southern and Western Minnesota were most Men and plows were working south of Albert Lea to free a Rock worker was held without formal charge Thursday as officers in vestigated the strawstack mur of a girl at Carlisle Iowa July 24 1925 Paul Castelline Des Moines de tective who assisted in Gifts ar rest said the man denied connec tion with the 11 and claimed that he was in Kansas City at the time it was committed Officers said they would have no further statement until they had finished their questioning of Gift Island train stalled in a halfmile long drift The temperature therr was 15 degrees below zero Buses between Albert Lea and Sioux Falls S and from Fairmont to Omaha were canceled Wednesday night because of blocked roads A WillmarSioux City Iowa train also was can celed Temperatures ranged downward to 24 at Williston N and 19 at Minn Pope Reported to Have Taken Turn for Worse VATICAN CITY rose Thursday in the pontifical court as reliable sources expressed greater for Pope Pius suffering intense pain in his swollen right leg Muscular 79 year old pontiff described zs seized hislimb im pairing the circulation and weak ening his general resistance to old age Thc pains are atrocious There is perhaps no word in the dictionary than can really de scribe The 79 year old holy fattier re mained his condition jiot permitting attendants onto a new wheeled divan which arrived to replace the Former King Alfonso 6t Spain1 called at the Vatican where he was received by Cardinal papa of state Alfonso quoted the i the pontiffs pope as saying i recovery E A ONeal Pointing out that under the present law individual states are to assume responsibility for the programs administration begin ning next year he said he was glad to know Secretary Wallace actively is discouraging state leg islatures from taking action look ing toward state administration The federation president in his half hour address concerning farm problems from the bureaus stand point also advocated Continue Interest Kale i 1 Continuation of the present 3V2 per cent interest rate onfarm mortgages and centralization of all forms of government rural credit in Farm Credit administration 2 of indus trial 3 Preventing the price of land from being made the football of land 4 Discovering an sound and applicable course of action to decrease farm 5 Federal aid for rural educa tion 6 Continued federal aid building worn soils and in givinj back to tile country districts the social education and economic op portunities whichbave been taken away from them through the con centration of wealth in the larger Would Sec HodtTcPodgc If every one of the 48 stales should take over the administra tion of the soil conservation am domestic allotment act in 1938 it is a foregone conclusion thatthe whole program represent a hodgepodge of contradiction and ONeal stated Classifying the farm problem a national one he said we learned once how to handle this problem but I wonder how long it is going to take the farmers in all sections of the country to realize they are all going to stand or fall together entire industry is at stake and we dont intend to stand by and see the work done in past years nullified because of delicate legal interpretations and ing restrictions of tradition We are determined to attain parity for agriculture and we do not intend to turn back until that goal is attained Seek Tarity Goaf OlS7eal asserted lie felt the parity goal cannot be attained until we agree agri culture is a national problem steps to on that basis Petty differences that have held up back in the must be for ten he added For too long the corn belt farmer was taken in by the high tariff philosophy of the political leadership of this the fed eration president sid He sup ported it until he lost his shirt and then it began dawn on him that thevery policy he had been supporting was reacting against The tariff ONesl said protect ed theprices of tilings the farmer had to buy while most of the farmers products were sold on world markets with a foreign price dominating domestic mark ets Too Much Experience The stated has had too much experience to be lieve industrial advantages which are the result of tariffs and special privilege can be offset by any of the panaceas which are be ing advocated m someN quarters as a solution oi all our prob He added believe co operative marketiiig insur cooperation can save ance easy operation can save It is going to require a broad program which will give the fann er control of his equiv has er control aient to t been enjoyed by manufacturm ;