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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 20, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for the Home MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH I O WANS NEIGHBOR 5 HOME EDITION VOL LIX Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Seven Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JANUARY 20 1953 This Jnpcr Consists ol Two One No 17 Eisenhower Pledges to Try to Win Earth of Peace WASHINGTON WDwight David Eisenhower took office as Presi dent Tuesday with a pledge to strive for an earth of peace but to reject any appeasement of Com munist aggression Right hnnd uplifted the G2yenr old citizen soldier repeated t h e solemn oath of office and launched his administration with a decla ration of faith that the future shall belong to the free In a brief inaugural address Eis enhower named abhorring war as one of the nine guiding prin ciples and promised continued aid to all free nations willing to con tribute their fair share to the com mon defense against Communist expansion But he warned solemnly We shall never try to placate an aggressor by the false and wicked bargain of trading honor for security For in the final choice a soldiers pack is not so heavy a burden as a prisoners chains Cloudy skies gave way to the thin sunlight of winter just as the Texasborn Kansasreared Eisen hower and President Truman left the While House for the ride to the Capitol and the noon swearing Morse Halts Cabinet OK AP Wircphoto TRUMAN DONS A HOMBURG a black Homburg hat Harry Truman steps from his car at the Capitol for the inauguration ceremonies Following him is the man who succeeds him in the White House Dwight Eisenhower Ike bitfke with tradition when he elected to wear a Homburg instead of the usual top hat One Pennsylvania Prison Riot Over Another Starts BELLEFONTE Pa 775 convicts at the Rock view Branch ofthe Western State Penitentiary seized five guards as postages Monday night in a riot whichfollowed by settlement of a turbulent 24hour outbreak in the main unit at Pittsburgh The convicts at this Central Pennsylvania prison took has been brewing for control of the three main blocks barricading the en trances with chairs mattresses and other paraphernalia Two hun dred and 20 prisoners in one of the blocks who refused to join the rioting at the start set fire to a mattress and threatened to take three volunteer guards as hostages but after consultation with prison officials the guards were released unharmed and the prisoners agreed to remain quietly in their cells This Ihimj some time Deputy Warden If R lohnston told a reporter early Tuesday as he awaited the arrival of state officials from Pittsburgh During the recreation period about pm six guards were nabbed and their revolvers were taken by the convicts One of the guards pleaded to the prisoners that he was sick and they released him No statement was issued ex plaining the circumstances sur rounding seizure of the guards Prisoners in two of the cell blocks then barricaded themselves and in one block mattresses were set afire The blaze wasput out by the Bellefontc fire department Prisoners in the main block con trol the prison commissary and Johnston said they have enough food there to last some time The other prisoners have no ac cess to this food In the two blocks where rioting started the prisoners control the mechanism which locks the block and celldoors SAME Nat meant raffle death In past 21 hours Battle Lines Drawn for Oleo Fight DES MOINES UP Battle lines began forming in the Iowa Legislature Tuesday on the colored oleo question and lawmakers were swamped with petitions from con stituents on both sides of the issue Four bills introduced in the House would legalize the sale of yellowmargarine in Iowa but would prohibit use of imported fats and oiis in manufacturing oleo The proolco bills would also repeal the fivccentapound tax on mar garine House Speaker W S Lynes R Waverly named a Dairy and Foods Committee to consider the controversial measures In the Sen ate the bills were expected to go to the Manufacturing Commerce and Trade Committee The speaker named Rep Carroll Brown ROskaloosa chairman of the House Dairy and Foods Com mittee Nine of the committees 19 members arc farmers A United Press poll of the 10 mcmber House committee showed 11 in favor of allowing the sale of yellow oleo five opposed and three neutral Three of the seven members of the Senate Manufacturing Commit tee were among authors of the oleo bills Patron Tries to Stop Tavern Theft DAVENPORT UP A bandit took from the Uptown Tav ern Monday night and fired a shot at a patron who tried to block his escape with a beer bottle Herman Rohde 73 tossed a beer bottle at the bandit as he fled to ward a rear door The man turned around and fired at Rohdc Wilson Not ncluded in Nominations WASHINGTON Sen Morse IndOre Tuesday blocked Senate action on eight cabinet appoint ments by President Eisenhower The new President however had omitted the name of Charles E Wilson for secretary of defense in the list of selections he sent to the Senate Morse raised an objection to im mediate confirmation of the eight cabinet appointments and to the nomination of Mrs Oveta Gulp Hobby to be Federal Security ad ministrator The Senate then post poned any action at least until Wednesday Morse blocked approval of the appointments on grounds he had not seen reports of committee hear ings on the nominations After the Senate session however he told a reporter he expected the selec tions would be confirmed by the Senate Wednesday This left Eisenhower who had taken office only an hour earlier facing his first day in office with out a cabinet or without any offi cial helpers other than those who do not require Senate confirmation Morse announced his objection shortly after Vice President Nixon told Morsei that objection of any senator could prevent action de sired by the new President and Republican leaders All nine nomi nees counting Mrs Hobby already had been given informal approval by Senate committees J a m e s Hagerty presidential press secretary said Wilsons name was not sent to the Senate because the cabinet clcsignee has been summoned to testify before the Armed Services Committee Wednesday along with Herbert Browncll Jr named for attorney general The decision of the new Presi dent not to submit Wilsons name leaves the proposed defense secrc tary in the position of testifying on i nomination that thus far has not been made formally Wilson has been under fire from some senators because he said he would not give tip his two and onci half million dollar stock holdings1 in General Motors Corp which he formerly headed and which is the Defense Departments largest private contractor in of Eisenhower and Vice Presi dent Nixon They rode bareheaded through cheering crowds It pm when Eisen hower took the oath pledging in clipped firm words to faithfully execute the office preserve pro tect and defend the Constitution By the Constitution Trumans term had come to an end on the dot of noon So for 32 minutes the country technically was with out a President Dons Spectacles Eisenhower donned Ihickrirnmcd spectacles for the reading of his speech And at the outset he departed from his prepared text asking the audience to join him in an extem poraneous prayer He called it his private prayer and Ihe opening words were Almighty God as we stand here at this moment my associates and my future associates of the execu tive branch join me in beseech ing You to permit full and com plete dedication to serve the peo ple of this throng and Inchfellow citizens everywhere Grant us he power to discern clearly between right and wrong He asked also for the power to serve all citizens equitably re gardless race creed color or political beliefs and for the grace to work for the good of the country and all its citizens Just a moment before with com pletion of the oath of office Eisen hower had kissed his wife Mamie and shaken hands with Truman and EISENHOWER IS D Eisen hower is inaugurated President of the United States as Chief Justice Fred Vinson administers the oath of of AP Wlrnphoto fice in a ceremony at the Capitol Tuesday Harry Tru man outgoing President is shown at the ieit and Richard Nixon new vice president is pictured at the right Parade Adds Pageantry fo Ceremonies Allies Again Smash Reds SEOUL tanks artil lery and warplanes Tuesday un leashed another shattering barrage of high explosives on Communist positions across Korea It marked the fifth straight day of stepped up bombardment U S Patton tanks firing from front line dugouts blasted Red bunkers and trenches from Chor won to Kumhwa in the Iron Tri angle sector of the Central Front The artillery joined in the thunder ing attackfrom farther back A heavy overcast blanketed most of North Korea but the U S Fifth Air Force said Marine Skyraidcrs and South Korean Mustangs flew through the clouds in strafing and sombing strikes on the Eastern Front Sharp patrol fights flared on the Eastern Front and the U S Eighth Army said an estimated 105 North Korea n Ileds were killed or I wounded A P Wirepholo MAMIE GETS ORCHIDS FROM countrys new first lady poses with a bouquet of orchids given her Tuesday by her uncle Joel Carlson oC Boorie la Mrsi Eisenhower was born in Boone Truman Rests His Case With History Returns Home WASHINGTON President Truman content to rest the case for his administration with history was packed and ready to leave Washington Tuesday after turning over the nations leader ship to a Republican The GSyearold Democrat who fought from coast to coast in a futile attempt to stern the GOP tide in November yielded with a smile on his face and a godspeed to his successor Dwight D Eisenhower That word was given in Trumans farewell State of the Union message to Congress Tuesday night he heads back to Missouri to try his hand at loaf ing for awhile perhaps pick out a new line of work and try to figure out a way for a party comeback He cleaned out his office desk at Ihe White House desk at which he had served for nearly eight years of recurring walked over to the living quarters to spend his last night there as chief executive Nothing remained but to ride to the Capitol for the inauguration of Eisenhower From the onthtaking Truman and Mrs Truman planned to slip away from the scenes of Republican rejoicing to the Georgetown home of Dean Acheson outgoing secretary of state for a farewell luncheon with the Cabinet Generol Says USRed Pilots Spar Over Japan TOKYO and Russian jet pilots are fencing almost the wastes of northern Japan a US general reported Tuesday in an inter view Thus farthey havent tangled but Maj Gen Dclmar T Spivey called the tense and explosive Spivey fathered Japans air cle by U S pilots in J S commanded it years He left Tuesday to take command of the U S Central Air Defense Zone with headquarters at Kansas City He said the Russians have dozens of airfields on Sakhalin and the Kurile closest only 13 seconds flying lime from north eastern Hokkaido We arc watching hem and1 they arcwatching us Spivey said When they fly we sec them and when they head towards Japan hat triggers oft the air defense ystem Sakhalin is separated from Hok aido by 30 miles of Soya Straits aut Spivey pointed out that from northeastern Hokkaido the near est Russianheld Kurile island is only 4Mz miles That means Russian territory is only 2A miles from Hokkaido ic said At GOO miles per hour thats 13 second from their terri tory to ours Russian planes engage in train ing gunnery and bombing near Japanese territory the general disclosed He said there had been no proven violation of Japanese territory by Russian jets since last weeks announcement of the Japa nese government that such viola tors could be shot U S pilots Fairgrounds Bill Offered MOINES of the present North Jowa Fairgrounds and use of the proceeds for the permanent development of the new fairgrounds site would be approved by a bill introduced in the Iowa Legislature Tuesday by Rep Wil liam H Tate of Cerro Gordo Coun ty The bill provides that the Cerro Gordo County Board of Supervisors may sell the present fairgrounds and any buildings on it which can not be moved The proceeds would go into a Fairgrounds Fund which could be used by the supervisors for the permanent improvement of the new site which they would be authorized to accept for the Coun ty The North Iowa Fair Association already has purchased a 120acre site on Highway 18 just outside the west city limits of Mason City The directors have offered to turn it over to the County Goe College Band Carries Flag of Iowa WASHINGTON W President Dwight D Eisenhower drove down Pennsylvania Avenue Tuesday at hc head of a great parade cele brating his beginningof four years in the White House The parade like the inaugural ceremony in which he became President was late getting under vay It started at pm 20 minutes behind schedule A 2tgun salute boomed across he Capitol Plaza as the new President rode by between lines of cheering citizens The President and Mrs Eisen lower rode in one car Vice Presi dent and Mrs Nixon in another The changing of the political guard in Washington took place under bright sunshine and to the music of 65 bands and the ca dcnccd echo of thousands of marching feet Crowds had lined the avenue for iours ahead of time And along hc twomile route from the Capitol to the White House reviewing stand there was plenty to cheer panorama of color and movement provided by some 50 floats uniformed marchers Indi ans mounted troops bands bugle corps military units and elephants A highstepping Coe College band had the honor of carrying Iowas flag inthe Eisenhower inaugural parade Tuesday Gov William S Beardslcy of Iowa was assigned an open car about midway in the mileslong parade Iowas float pictured the prog ress and prosperity of the nation and how owa contributed to this Atop the float were two big gears made of plywood and mcshing as the car rolled down the avenue About The Weather Mason City Mostly cloudy through Wednesday A little colder Tues day night Iowa Partly cloudy to cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday Minnesotoa Partly cloudyto cloudy local light snow near northern border Tuesday night GlobeGazette Weather Data up to 8 a m Tuesday Maximum 25 Minimum 17 At 8 a nt with Chief Justice Vinson who ad ministered the oath There was a handshake loo for the new Vice President Eisenhowers words in was cast strongly on a spiritual plane He said no thing of specific plans There will be a later Stateof IheUnion speech to Congress to set out his legislative program Tuesday he listed nine fixed principles which he said must guide the nation in pleading our just cause before the bar of his tory and in pressing our hope for world peace Develop Strength First and foremost he listed a determination to develop the strength that will deter the forces of aggression and promote the con ditions of peace Second he rejected any idea of appeasing aggression Third he called for every citizen to make America ever stronger and more productive placing the Text on 2 cause of liis country before the comfort of himself Fourth he ruled out any attempt o impose Americas cherished in stitutions on others Fifth he pledged further aid to all proven friends of freedom and required of them the putting forth of their full and just bur dens in the common defense of freedom Sixth he promised American aid to encourage productivity and profitable trade among other na tions Seventh he gave encouragement to regional groupings of free na tions of which the North At lantic Treaty Organization former ly headed by himself is an ex ample Eighth he proclaimed a firm policy of nondiscrimination We reject any insinuation that one race or another one people or an other is in any sense inferior of expendable i Finally Eisenhower called for new efforts to make the United Nations not merely an eloquent symbol but an effective There were three interruptions by applause during his address The biggest outbreak came when he spoke of facing the future with confidence and conviction Eisenhower finished speaking at p m Audience Rises His huge audience arose and ap plauded There were some whis tles Truman and former Vice Prcsi dent Barkley shook hands with him Others dignitaries stood for ward to do the same Before leaving the platform Ei senhower threw up his arms in his familiar V gesture In his immediate audience at the Capitol ceremony were the Out to Lunch DES MOINES W When Republicans in the Iowa gleefully took down President Trumans picture Tuesday they found a big placard on the back which said Out to back in 1956 They suspected it was work of some Democratic prank ster members of Congress top officials of the old and new administra tions foreign diplomats and thou sands of invited guests Millions of others in the United States saw and heard the cere mony by television Radio picked up his voice and carried it across the seas Chief Justice Fred M Vinson administered the oath Richard M Nixon was sworn in as Vice President just before Ei senhower assumed his office Sen William Knovvland of California administered the oath to him Eisenhower rested his left hand on two one his own from West Point days the other a tes tament used in George Washing tons first as he re peated the oath One Goes Back Standing by was Harry S Tru man from whom the nations high est office passed to Eisenhower In the traditional way Truman and Eisenhower had ridden to gether from the White House to the Capitol But only one would go back Tuesday night Private Citizen Truman leaves for his old home in Missouri And so began what the new President has promised will be a great crusade for peace for free for integrity and for pros perity Eisenhower approached hishigh moment with a prayer to God for 17 wisdom and understanding1 ;