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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 20, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AMD ARCHIVtJ C9 THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOLU AModiled Prea and United Pren Full Lrotd five Ccnt a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JANUARY IMS ALLIES SIGN TRUCE WITH HUNGARY FDR Takes Presidents for Fourth Time AMERICA MUST MAKE PEACE WITHOUT FEAR Roosevelt Says Allies Going Through Period of Supreme Test Wa s h i HE to n Delano Roosevelt inaugurated Saturday as president of the United States forthe 4th time warned that weshall have no last ing peace If we approach its com mitments with suspicion mistrust vision to seek our way see the way that leads to a better life for ourselves and for all our fellow men to the achievement of His will to peace oh earth The cost of the war is a fearful cost he told them and from it we are learning our lesson And lie promised better days to come We Americans today together with our sllles the president said are passing through a pe riod of supreme test It is a test of our our of our our essential decency If meet that fully and shall perform a service of historic im portance which men and women and children will honor through out all time Challenging and fear He took the oath of his office on thesouth portico of the white house instead of the east capitol steps where inaugurations tradi tionallyare held Some 7000 spe cially invited guests stood on the snowsodden lawn below him Chief Justice Harlan F Stone administered the oath a tew min utes after noon Just before Mr Roosevelt was sworn his 1944 running mate Harry S Truman of Missouri took the oath of of fice asvice president It was ad ministered by Henry A Wallace who was chosen by Mr Boosevelt as his campaign partner in 1940 but was discarded last year in favor of the Missourian Mr Roosevelt Truman their families and their closest political associates and friends were in the shelter of the south portico The other cardholding care fullysifted guests stood down be low churning a 2 inch snow into the whlT the worst uwuguratforTweather of Taft affair in and Mr Roosevelts 1937 cere mony were in a class by them selves But this was no day for art outdoor party unless thedate was fixed by the constitution For the president this day was one of prayerFor him it began with family prayers at 10 a in in the east room of the white house On each of his successive inau gurations he has thus sought di vine guidance To the inaugural guests after the oathtaking he said We pray now to Him for the the isolation ist philosophy Mr Roosevelt said we had learned that we must live as mennot as ostriches nor dogs in the rnanger In the peace he said we shall strive for perfection that it is unobtainable atonce but knowing too that we cannot live alone at peace thatour own well being is dependent on the well being of other nations far away We cangain no lasting peace he continued if we approach it with suspicion and with fear We can gain it only if we proceed with the understand ing and confidence and courage which flow from conviction BOMB GERMAN SUPPLY CENTERS Freight Yards inRhineland London than 750 American heavy bombers with an escort of 550 Mustang fighters struck Saturday at German supply and communications centers in the Rhinelarid Flying Fortresses bombed the freight yards at Rheine 25 miles north ot Munster the yards at Heilbronn 25 miles north of Stuttgart and the Rhine river rail bridge at Mannheim The attack was designed to hamper German supply and com munication with the western front Expect Labor Draft Bill by Monday Washington House mili tary committeemen predicted Sat urday theyll have an administra tionsought labor draft armed with prison penalties for and ready for house consideration Monday The bill asked by the white house as a means of forcing men 18 to 45 into war jobs and keeping them there faces stiff house op position however Organized la bor supporters are against it and ome farm state representatives ay they fear the heightened man power drive may strip the farms if workers Abandoning the idea of military abor battalions for those who eave war jabs the committee Fri lay substituted as punishment the draft dodger penalties of the se ective service act Maximum of ive years imprisonment and a fine Before the bill is finished the same punishment will be set up for those who ignore attempts to assign them to essential jobs The committee also voted to give to iVar Mobilization Director James F Byrnes the power to determine what jobs are critical His classi fications would be followed by lo cal draft boards in assigning war workers Concern over the plight of farm workers reached the point in the house where a group of farm state congressmen got behind a resolu tion demanding that Selective Service Director tewis B Her with present SIMPLICITY MARKS INAUGURATION Without the usual pomp and ceremony the 1945 presidential inaujjura tioni was marked by its simplicity Breaking several prece dents Trankhn Delano Roosevelt took office for the 4th consecutive term in a ceremony on the south porch of the white house instead of using the traditional setting of the capitol steps and officiating at the event instead of Chief 57fns who inaugurated FDR in 1933193 and 1941was Chief Justice Harlan Fisk Stone Lemke said local draft boards are misinterpre ing a Jan 3 selective service di rective and as a result are order ingtheinduction farm workers who should bedeferred As a result farms are closing down everywhere he said The resolution requires that Hershey issue a clarifying amendment to draft boards telling them that es sential farm deferments are still the law The military committee still is confronted by one of its major hurdles in the path of a manpower bill What to do about the union status of drafted workers Some members said they would insist that the finisned bill make it clear that no one shall be forced into a union if he is as signed to a war plant Rep Sparkman D Ala sug gested that workers assigned to war jobs be given the right to ap ply for reassignment if they are designated for a union shop oi which they disapprove The senate war investigating committee long a critic of what ib reports have called failure to ob tain proper utilization of available labor began a tour of war plants with a surprise visit to the Nor folk Va navy yard this week Senator Ferguson R Mich said he was shocked both by the situation we found there and by conditions which ted to it Just what the situation was lie declined to say pending a full dis GERMANS DRIVE SEVENTH BACK TOWEYERSHEIM Yanks Battle Furiously as Nazis Push to Within 7 Miles of Strasbourg Paris Three powerful jerman armored attacks have driven IT S 7th army troops back almost 5 miles to Weyersheim BVi miles north of nazi menaced Strasbourg The Germans reinforced with tanks charged Irom the center newlyconsolidated cross Rhine bridgehead northeast of Strasbourg The fate of the Alsatian capital was apparently at stake as dough boys battled the furious punches powered by up to 10000 enemy troops The Germans hold a solid corridor on the Rhines west bank to within 7 miles of Strasbourg and are 10 miles from the city on the south Weyersheim is on the railway halfway between Strasbourg and Haguenau The new attacks ap peared intended to undercut the American stand north of Hague nau forest where 7th army men still hold their Hatten line de spite repeated assaults It was evident that the Ger mans had swung considerable armored reinforcements into strik ing positions on this new battle front At the northern end of the western front British assault troops crossed the Maas Meuse river in Holland below Roermond unopposed Friday night expand ing the 2nd armys push which is rolling Germans back on the Roer river line 38 miles west of Dus seldorf At least 3 German divisions were reported battering into the seventharmy lines around Hatten if i the Strasbourg with 7 to 9 more di visions wheeling into attack posi tions ona 50mile front running north from the Alsatian capital to Hatten and thence west to Bitche Massed German tanks and in fantrymen charged headon into the Maginot line bunkers at Hat tenstriking from the east north east and southeastin an attempt to drive a wedge into tlie Amer icans interlocking lanes of fire Six miles to the south other 7lh army troops counterattacked val iantly across the frozen and forests vest of Sessenheim in an unsuccessful attempt to recap ture the town and thus split the German forces along the Rhine from those on the northern arm of the Alsace triangle Flyers of U S first tactical air lorce flushed out the nazi coveys Friday and destroyed at least 20 tanks and armored cars in a seric of divebombing attacks while other raiders blasted enemy sup ply barges on the Rhine in an ef fort to choke off the flow of nazj reinforcements Returning pilots said the Ger mans had thrown a number o pontoon bridges across the river near Drusenheim 3 miles east of Bischwiller and If miles north east of Strasbourg covering them flak guns On the Ardennes front while American first army troops fought slowly down through the enemys northern flank less than 4 miles from St Vith while 3rd RUSSIANS TAKE The capture of Lodz second largest city in Poland and one of the great industrial centers of the country was announced Friday in Marshal Stalins or der of the day Lodz is southwest of Warsaw Sixth Army in First Big Battle on Luzon closure to the senate next week when it was indicated elsewhere Senator Kiigore D West will join in the attack Other senators said some emj ployes were discovered doing D work having nothing to do with Lf shipbuilding YANKS WINNING LEFT FUNK SolidLine Gen MacArthars Headquarters Luzon Gen Walter Krue ger is winning the important bat tle of the left flank His 6th army is smashing Japa nese tanks silencing artillery concealed in caves and going after enemy soldiers in 10footdeep holes with flamethrowers It is the first real fight since the Yanks landed at Lingayen gulf Jan 9 Twenty Japanese tanks have been knocked out and 600 Nippo nese of them 23rd division troops from in a 3day period along the left flank That flank juts into the hilly eastern side of Pangasinan pro vince The broader it gets the more effectively it isolates Japa nese forces on Hie north around Baguio Philippines summer cap ital from other enemy forces on the south Manila Significantly since the fighting flared up onthe left flank there has been scarcely any official word of a furthexpush in strength southward by Yahk columns last reported approaching Tarlac 65 airline miles from Manila The battle of the left flank Is v not a continuous engagement of with a i forces but rather a scat tcrcd series of small Scale bitter dashes The Americans are link ins up a solid line along the Ma nilaBnguio road in a 30mile stretch from near Rosario on the north to he Agn river on the south rcar Villnsis From Jhe north to south in that area Saturdays communique and Associated Press field dispatches army forces pushed up from the south in a doublebarrelled drive to squeeze the enemy back into the reich DENY LYONS CONTINUANCE Judge Refuses Second Delay in Murder Trial Emmetsburg A 2nd continu ance in the trial of Clyde Lyons Des Moines man charged with as sault with intent to commit mur der was denied by Judge Fred M Hudson in district court here Lyons and his brother Merton of DCS Moines had already been granted one delay when their case was continued Jan 22 from Nov IB to The men are accused of shooting and assaulting Howard Knight of Emmetsburg last October when Knight ordered them off his land where they were hunting pheasants The case will open Monday Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy S for Priority to Ship Bernard to FDR j Dallas The Dallas Bone head club organization of fun loving businessmen has voted a priority air tour around the na tion for the city pounds 266 dogs The dogs are waiting for the Boneheads to pay their license fees R G Alexander city poundmaster said Saturday And of course there is the mat ter of 266 priorities The Boneheads had their fling at priorities Friday when they at tempted to ship a huge St Ber nard to President Roosevelt by air Seizing on the flight of Col Elliott Roosevelts dog to the west coast as an opportunity for rib bing club members topped with derbys and wearing bibs stopped downtown traffic as they descend ed on airlines offices They were accompanied by the sedate St Bernard on whose mas sive head reposed an opera hat Headed by Big Chief Bonehead Jack Estes the 30 men demanded a class A priority at Braniff and at American Airlines offices They didnt get it Liberty Ship Hit by Japs mNoyember By orrespon dent San Francisco Japanese submarine roaming the Pacific between Honolulu and San Fran cisco torpedoed and sunk the lib erty ship John A Johnson last No vember and machinegunned and rammed survivors killing at least 10 of the 70man crew and wound ing 6 others The Incident believed o be the first submarine action near the American mainland since Oct 25 1942 was reported Friday in navy sponsored interviews with sur vivors The CO survivors were spotted by search planes and rescued the following day by the navy motor yacht Argus The torpedo struck without warning and the men abandoned ship when she began to break up A half hour later the submarine surfaced on the moonlit waters and crisscrossed the oilsmeared sea in search of survivors who hid behind floating sacks of flour and prayed The Japs gleefully run up and down the deck of the submarine and they chattering like monkeys shouting Banzai while reported The Japanese threwnighf counterattacks at Yanks in the outskirts ot Rosario after a push east from coastal Damortis The Nipponese were repulsed but ar I tillery duels are continuing Four miles southeast Yank col umns moving north of Manila Baguio highway which leads in behind Rosario captured Sison Further southeast down the highivay past Pozorrubio where one stiff engagement of the left Hank battle was fought the Japa nese tried an ambush at Binalo nan Yank 105 mm guns de stroyed 10 camouflaged Japanese tanks and bazookas knocked out the other 2 The Japanese appear to be fighting hardest for Rosario sprayed the waters with machine gun bullets and rammed loaded lifeboats Lt JG Wynn Del Yates USNR 32 Salt Lake City reported Yatcs was the command er of the gun crew aboard the ves sel At least one of the victims was believed killed when he was caught in the whirling propellers of the enemy craft and others were shot to death as they struggled in the water All of the victims died as a result the attack that fol lowed the torpedoing survivors said The navy did not reveal where the action took place other than to say the sinking occurred some where between the coast of Cali fornia and the Hawaiian islands but Tokyo twice announced that Japanese submarines were oper ating off the west coast late in 1944 George Thomas Folster NBC said an artillery in progress there correspondent duel has been for 5 days with the Japanese us ing everything up to 12inch guns The enemy has dreamed up some ingenious camouflage tricks Folster reported which include a regular theater curtain which they hang at the mouths of caves lifting in order to fire then dropping back in place to hide their guns Dean Schedler Associated Press correspondent reported from Binalonan that the enemy lost 200 men and 12 tanks tn clashes last ing from late Wednesday to Thursday noon Fleeing survivors Road to Berlin front 225 miles from Praszka and Wielun a gain of 76 miles in 4 front 301 miles from near front 364 miles Irom Hron front 544 mites from Reno TAKE FARM HAND ON ARSON COUNT j Young Man pleads Not Bond New Hampton Clarenc r Hand Satiir day was freeon bail whe he pleaded not guilty to a charg of arson when arraigned befor Justice Charles Peters Schueller was bound over to the next terr of district court Sheriff George C Murray sai that Schueller signed a statemen admitting that on Jan 11 and 1 he had started a fire in farm build ings on a farm which had bee tenanted by Herman Schwicke rath The sheriff said that Schwicke rath had moved from the farm miles east of here to a farm miles north of here However some feed and livestock was le at the farm east of here an Schueller and Schwickcraths son Virgil were left there to care fo the livestock Schueller told the sheriff tha he had lighted the fires to scar the elder Schwickerath into mov ing the livestock to the farm nort of here as he was tired oi batch ing it STALIN CLAIMS FALL OF TILSIT TO RED ARMIES Russian Forces Drive Into Reich Border Area 200 Miles From Berlin BULLETIN London JP The Russians have captured Tilsit a city in the northern sector of East Prussia Joseph Stalin announced Satur day London Russia Great Britain and the United States sign ed an armistice with the Hun jarian provisional government Saturday in Moscow after a month of negotiations and the last of litlers satellites dropped out of he war Marshal Klementi Voro shilov concluded the arrange ments on behalf of the allies The armistice will not mean the end of all lighting In Hungary be ause nazi and puppet Hungarian roops are still in the western half of the country Meanwhile Russian forces drove nto the German border area about 200 miles from Berlin Saturday Damped a crushing pincers on Sast Prussia and swept westward n the Carpathians through the MS transport centers of Nowy Sacz Kassa Presov and Bardeva Gen Ivan Y Petrovs fourth Ukrainian army bringing up the south wing of the record soviet of fensive overran the Polish rail junction of Nowy Sacz 47 miles southeast of Krakow and the Czechoslovak cities of Kassa in the Hungarian border area Pre sov 20 miles north of Kassa and Bardeva 22 miles north of Pre sov Marshal Stalin issued a special order of the day announcing tKc conquests in lower Poland and Czechoslovakia and ordered a Gillette Designated Board Chairman e ot20 salvos oy g Other soviet Washington p resident Roosevelt in the first official act of his 4th term Saturday desig nated former Senator Guy M Gillette of Iowa as chairman of the surplus property board Gillette was sworn in Friday as a board member His designation as chairman was made on recom mendation of the 2 other board members Robert A Hurley and Edward H Helier POWERFUL PENCIL Paris Mo Mrs Pearlie Davis was talking to a grocery clerk a pencil behind his ear fell in such a way that it pierced the shoe leather and imbedded itself in her foot Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Satur day night and Sunday No de cided change in Lowest Saturday 20 temperature night about abandoned vehicles including sev eral Americanmade tracks also an estimated 19000 cases of am munition radio cars Hunt and heavy nachinejruns and antitank runs Schedlers dispatch said the town was secured Inasmuch as Gen Bouglas Mac Arthur had announced Binalonan was seized earlier in the week ac counts ol the Wednesday light strongly suggested the Americans suffered a temporary reverse there in the interim Iowa Cloudy with occasional light snow and little change in temperature Saturday and Sun day with occa sional light sitow and little change in temperature Saturday night and Sunday f IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 28 Minimum Friday 23 At 8 a m Saturday 24 YEAR AGO Maximum 33 Minimum 10 along a 60mile stretch of the Si lesian border and drove into East Prussia from the south in a bid to trap the defenders of the Ger man province Marsha Ivan Konevs first Ukrainian armor reached the area of Kepno Kemper in a 20 mile advance from Wielun northwest of captured Krakow German home guard battalions the Volks sturm were battling to stop the smash along the upper Silesian border Berlin said Kepno is only 9 miles from the frontier and 38 miles northeast of Brcslau the chief industrial center of German Silesia Only 204 miles lie be tween Kepno and Berlin Northwest of Warsaw Marshal Konstantin Rokossovskys second While Russian army reached or crossed the southwestern border of East Prussia on a 35mile front and stabbed to Gilgenburg 62 miles from llic Gulf of Danzig Gilgenburg is only 5 miles from Tannenburg where the memorial to von Hindenburgs victory of the Masurian lakes in the first world war was erected The Russians also reached Nei denburg 8 miles inside East Prus sia and Chorzelle on the East PrussianPolish border the Ger mans announced In the center ot the blazing front Marshal Gregory K Zhukovs first White Russian army was pouring toward the Polish corridor between the Vistula and Warla Warthe in new breakthroughs and the Germans said fighting was raging against the ohrushing line of red army tanks The Russians had reached the area of Plock Vistula river fort ress 125 miles from Pomerania The Russians were 238 miles from Berlin in this sector Moscow announced officially Friday night that Marshal Ivan S Konevs troops captured the town of Praszka on the industrialrich Silesian frontier climaxing a day of unprecedented developments that saw the fall of Lodz Polands second city and Krakow former capital At least 3000000 red army troops are now committed to pow er drives towards German soil The Hussians scored their greatest gains of the war with the capture of 2750 towns and villages rip ping through collapsing German line from the Baltic to Budapest In rapidfire orders of the day Marshal Stalin disclosed that the third While Russian army opened a new offensive in East Prussia with a 27mile breakthrough in 5 days while still another Russian army plunged ahead 50 miles in the Carpathian region in southern Poland Early Saturday DNB the official German news agency declared that the present Russian winter offensive will decide the fate of has outreached any thing hitherto known There was no indication that the Germans would be able to salvage tjieir disintegrating forces for a stand anywhere short of the home land In slashing to the Silesian ;