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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, January 20, 1942

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 20, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME Of HISTORY ANO ARC DES MO IKES I A VOL XLVII1 THC NEWSMPfft THAT MAKCS Alt NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS ASSOCIATED PBESS AND UNITED PRESS FUI4 CEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPV MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JANUARY 20 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 87 AMERICAN AjRMEN SINK JAP CRUISER Japs 60 Miles From Singapore Isle Exert Heavy Pressure 4 fl 1 A 1 4 13 DEAD AFTER FIRE SWEEPS 5 STORYBUILDING 21 Are in Hospitals Firemen Search Embers for 8 Still Missing LYNN Mass a m e s swept through a five story apart ment and rooming house here Tuesday sending five from base ment to roof as if it were a huge brick furnace and leaving 13 dead and 21 in hospitals while firemen worked through smoking embers in search of eight persons stilJ missing The fire started in the base ment and swept upward so quickly that dozens of tenants many of them aged and infirm trapped on the top floors of the structure Melvin Hall in the center of the city Firemen found many clinging to high ledges as flames enveloped the building Otters bat jumped and lay moaning and screaming on the ground I saw a number of persons come to the windows on the top floor and then fall back said Po lice Sergeant William Gillespie The fire was one of the most costly in loss of life in the history of Lynn and one of the worst in New England since the early ISOOs Harry Anderson janitor of the the fire at in Sepal the eel alarm was ratus was summoned from all nearby cities Shortly thereafter Forrest Al den 31 told of his escape from the top floor I saw one woman jump from a nearby room he said She seemed to strike the wall of the building and then was thrown across the space between the rooming house and the next buildins She finally fell in a heap on the edge of the fire net jp I hung out the window gave myself a little shove and let go my grip I landed on nny back in the net It was a terrible experi ence The heat became so intense that William Day 28 year old infantile paralysis victim aided by crut ches could hardly stand on the floor with his shoes on My mother was barefooted be said I dont see how she could stand it But she remained cool and wrapped wet towels around our faces The firemen finally reached us over a high ladder Stories of pathos and ism piled up Miss Caroline Thornell 63 whose sister Elsie SS was burned to death told how she jumped from the top floor at the command of fire men My sister was going lo he next and I expected she would jump right alter I did Miss Thornell said I never saw her again Three year old Lawrence Tay lor Jr was found dead clasped j in his mothers arms One of the many heroes wa Eldon Taylor 44 a contractor who saved five persons during three trips into the tiameswepi building On one trip he reached the fourth floor stumbled over two bodies but managed to lead three survivors to safety Firemen experienced srcat difficulty in their search for the missing and in removing bodies as the floors in the center of the building collapsed When day light came however several of the dead were taken out in brown straw baskets At the Lynn hospital the groan of the injured echoed through the corridors Almost noiselessly the Rev Cornelius T H Sherlock curate of St Marys church moved between the ivards ad ministering the last rites of hi church to those in the most ser ious condition Mayor Albert T Cole of Lynn said he would demand a state investigation to determine why lire escapes were not available for the tenants There were no visible outside fire escapes on the building REPORT IS FAVORABLE WASHINGTON D C I senate judiciary committee has re ported favorably on the nomina tion of Edward C Eicher chair man of the securities and exchange commission to be chief justice ol T the district court Eicher is a former Washington Iowa resident Removed From Plane Wreckage Rescuers pulled the blanketwrapped body of film actress Carole Lombard up a steep snowcovered cliff after removing it from the wreckage of an airliner near Las Vegas Nev Miss Lombard her mother and 15 men and officers of the army ferry command were among the 22 persons killed in the plane crash ACTRESS1 BODY Reds Narrow Escape Route at Mozhaisk Lombards Rites to Be Held Wednesday or Thursday in Hollywood LAS VEGAS Nov Gable planned to return Tuesday to Hollywood with the crushed body of his wife Carole Lombard after identification of the body of the film actress mother Gables film studio associates said a double funeral would be held Wednesday or Thursday for Miis Lombard and her mother Mrs Elizabeth Peters both victims of an airline crash in which 22 were killed Only a few personal friends will be invited to the services at the Forest Lawn Memorial park it was said Miss Lombards body will lie near those of Will Rogers and Jean Harlow whose deaths like that ofMiss Lombard stunned Hollywood and the nation several years ago The Union Pacific railroad made a special railway car available to afford Gable complete privacy on his return to Hollywood Meanwhile bodies or 15 officers and enlisted men of the army ferry command were being carried here from DoubleorNothing peak The last of the bodies were lifted up a cliff lato Monday from the wreckage of the Transconti nental and Western airline plane REPORflPS ENTER BURMA Penetration of Foes in Myavvaddi Vicinty Indicated in Broadcast LONDON Reuters said Monday night that the Indian radio at Madras reported another enemy penetration of southern Burma this time by Thai forces fighting for Japan The Burmese frontier was said to have been crossed in the vi cinity of Myawaddi about 60 miles northeast of Moulmcin and the radio reported that fighting still was in progress north of that town near the border of Japaneseoccu pied Thailand This zone is north of the prev ious Japanese push which ha taken the port and air base of Tavoy in the panhandle region of Burma down the Malay peniri sula The newly invaded sector is near the top of the Gulf of Mar taban around which the Japanese would have to drive to reach Ran goon capita and chief port of Burma and supply harbor for the Burma road The radio said Japanese ai forces had renewed their assaults both on Rangoon and of whose pagodas Kipling during the past 24 hours Warplancs of the united nations it added have been over enemy occupied territory on aerial scout ing missions throughout tho day Berlin Press States Onrushing Enemy Must Be Stopped By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Russias armies executing a gi gantic crackthewhip movement were reported to have further nar rowed tile escape corridor of 100000 German troops at Moz haisk Tuesday and smashed Adolf Hitlers winter defense line at two important points The battle for Kharkov Russias Pittsburgh in the Ukraine also was reported entering a decisive phase Soviet dispatches said red army troops supported by hard riding Don Cossack cavalrymen had scored gains on both flanks of the Mozhaisk holdout garri son 57 miles west of Moscow Red Star the Russian army newspaper said Mozhaisk was burning and that handtohand fighting was raging in the streets Soviet forces stormed across the Lama river 75 miles north of Moscow sharpening the pressure above Mozhaisk while other Rus sian forces intercepted the road to Wausau 140 miles southwest of Moscow it was reported BERLIX PKESS DECLARES ENEMY MUST BE STOPPED Meanwhile in tones approach ing panic the Berlin press de clared that the onnlshing enemy must be stopped no matter when where or A bulletin from Hitlers field headquarters tersely reiterat ing that the Germans were fight ing defensive battles along he 1200 mile front from Leningrad to the Ukraine claimed success es only in the Crimean cam paign The nazi high command saiO Russian troops northeast of Feo dosiya which was reported re captured by the Germans Mon day had been driven eastward along the Kerch peninsula Charges Husband Too Realistic in Ten Nights in a Barroom SEATTLE Ryer son Howland put too much realism into his performance as the inebriate in Ten Nights in a Barroom his wife charged in a divorce suit He not only enacted the part of a drunk he was drunk Mrs Howland told Superior Judge Roger JMeakim At Ccntralia wash he was so drunk I had to point out the audience to him She said she first met Howland in 1936 when he joined stock company troupe presenting Ten Nights In the play Mrs How land said she played the role of Fanny Morgan the drunkards wife who pleaded nightly for hin to forsake the bottle I put real feeling into those lines she said hoping my word would really register with him DAY SAVINGS TO START FEB 9 F R Signs Bill to Turn Clocks Ahead One Hour at 2 a m WASHINGTON Roosevelt Tuesday signed legisla tion placing the entire nation on daylight saving time effective at a nT Monday Feb 9 The statute which placed clocks one hour ahead will continue in effect for the duration of the war and for not more than six months thereafter It can be nullified in the meantime by congress how ever The bill provided for daylign saving time to become operative 20 days after formal enactment o the bill and with the presidents signature Tuesday the effective hour and date was thus made 2 a m Feb 9 according to the whit house The purpose is to achieve grcatei efficiency in this countrys indus trial war effort William S Krtudsen in his ca pacity as director general of th offficc of production managemen prior to passage of the bill re ported to Mr RooseveltMhat na tionwide daylight saving lime would save an estimated 500000 kilowatt hours of power annually Turner and Kraschel Are Offered Defense Positions in Govemmen WASHINGTON tor mer governors of Tur ner a republican and Nelson G Kraschel a bcci offered defense positions in tin government Senator Herring D Iowa said Tuesday Both posi tions would be in the office o production management the sena tor said Turner in the office o government requirements a divi sion of the priorities section an Krasche in some branch of OPJ yet to be determined Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY No precipitatioi and continued mild Tuesday af lemoon and Tuesday night IOWA Continued mild tempera tures Tuesday afternoon am night MINNESOTA Continued mik temperatures Tuesday afternoor and Tuesday night IN STASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 33 vMinimum Monday night 14 At 8 a m Tuesday 23 YEAR AGO Maximum Ifi Minimum 13 Jap Aim Is to Control uhina Sea By LOUIS F KEEMLE Of the United Press War Desk The battle of Singapore hither o fought mile by mile down the arrow Malay peninsulii now is rawing close to the island itself nd signs point early devel pment of the iege stage It h e n becomes questionof ow long the sland can hold ut Its de enses are ex ellent If the esistance o f iny W a k c is and and the bcleagurcd orces of United States Gen 3ouglas MacArthur on Luzon is and can be taken as a measure f comparison strong Singapore hould be able to withstand a ong siege However the growing confi dence expressed by Prime Minis er Winston Churchill in London over the situation in the far east lid not refer specifically to Singa itself The position of Singa pore is somewhat different from hat in the Philippines In the Philippines the Japanese are much farther from base The attacking forces were entirely sea and airborne Even so Manila ell in a comparatively short time In Malaya the Japanese have an overland route from Thailand There is almost no limit to the lumber of troops tanks and guns they can pour down the peninsula to hi against the island THeyalsohave gained air fields closer to Singa pore Land based planes flying only short distances can blast a hc islands defenses subject only to the strength of he British American and Dutch aircraft op posing them The pattern of the Japanese campaign at this stage is cleat Their field of attack extends in a sweeping arc from Luzon in the Philippines through Borneo Celebes to Singapore and up the Malay peninsula to Borneo I they can establish themselves firmly along this arc the China sea will be closed Allied naval op erations there would become more hazardous and Japanese transpor operations made easier Possession of Singapore would give the Japanese command of the Malacca strait gateway to the Indian ocean It would facililat their advance on their great ob jective the rich Indies especially in Java Defense Savings Stamps for sal at GlobeGazette business office CHILE DEMANDS ASSURANCES OF 0 S FLEET AID Refuses to Break With Axis Unless Coast Is Protected RIO DE JANEIRO Ef forts to achieve a unified hemi spheric break in relations with the axis nations were deadlocked Tuesday as Chile asserted she could not sever relations unless the United States fleet is sent to protect her coastline The crisis will be brought into the open Wednesday at an emergency sitting of the main hemisphere defense committee on which all 21 American dele gations are represented It was understood that Bolivia which would be placed in a seri ous position by a Chilean break Irom the hemispheric front will force the issue at the full com mittee meeting The Bolivian member ot the committee has been charged with the duty of studjing the relations severance resolution Tuesday It was emphasized that tin and other vital Bolivian exports to the United States must pass through Chilean ports since Bolivia is landlocked Brazilian Foreign Minister Os Waldo Aranha U S Undersecre tary of State Sumner Welles and the delegates of Mexico Colom bia and Venezuela who pesented the antiaxis resolution con ferred atthejoreign office Tues dayT Late Minister conferred with Aranha but vir tually no progress was made to ward a solution The authors of the resolution refused to alter their firm stand or to accept an Argentine com promise proposal that each country be permitted to break with the axis when and under what circumstances it sees fit Ruiz Guinazu did not attend Tuesdays meeting of the sub committee ot the main hemispher ic committee which has the sev erance resolution and of which he 15 a member A high Chilean quarter said Tuesday that fears of an axis at tack and not economic reasons prevent Chilean adherence to the resolution This source pointed out that Chile has a small navy including only six submarines and that if the United States would send two or more cruisers four destroyers and two or three air squadrons Chile would feel sufficiently se cure to join the severance pact Yank Flyers Set Nippon Tanker Afire WASHINGTON American striking with fury in the southwest Pacific have sunk a Japanese cruiser the war depart ment reported Tuesday while Gen Douglas MatArthurs men fought an increasingly fierce Jap anese attack in Batan MacArthur reported that a forgotten force of Philippine troops on the southerly island of Mindanao is still holding out against Japanese assault and is now engaged in sharp fighting against Japanese forces about 35 miles north of Davao which the enemy has converted into one of his principal bases for the al lack on the Dutch Indies The sinking of the Japanese cruiser was the thirct blow re ported struck by the American air forces in the southwest Paci fic within the past 24 hours The attack occurred off Jolo a small Philippine island just southwest of Mindanao at the northern entrance to the Celebes sea The American planes scored several direct hits on the cruiser sinking the war department he advised A Japanese tanker also was hit and set afire The cruiser was the 40th Japanese ship lo be sunk by American armed forces since start of the war Twentynine have been sunk by naval and marine forces and 11 by the army The Jblo attack presumably was carried out by American bomb ing craft based in the Dutch In dies ThesiTU srplanes have car iedout four other attacks around Threat to Singapore The British far east command acknowledged Japanese advances that brought pressure in Malaya on the Segamat front 1 after heavy figfiting in the Gemas area and in the sector around the mouth of the Jloar river even after British planes had bombed Japanese troop concen trations Domei also broadcast a report which was not confirmed that the Japanese had landed at Pontian Besar British admitted damage was done to oil depots in the Singapore naval base area 41 Broken arrow indicates Muang important railway center and probable objective sea in the past 10 the Celebes days MacArthurs report indicafec hat the Japanese assault upoi his Batan lines is building up to mother climax Heavy Japanese pressure par icularly at the center of his lines was admitted Japanese planes vere supporting the attack Three of them were shot down in the past 24 hours The communique said that the enemy has renewed the attack on the Batan positions after more than 24 hours of relative quiet The communique offered no Ideographical details of the Batan A Japanese propagan da broadcast claimed that the Americin lines had been pierced somewhere in the vicinity of Abucay an east Batan town about three miles north of Bal anga This would indicate the Japanese have progressed about onethird of the distance down the narrow peninsula The report that fighting is stil oing on on Mindanao island wa the first word of conditions thcr in many days The Japanese oc cupied Davao more than three weeks ago but apparently have no yet extended their control of th area far outside the largely Jap anese populated city The successful attack on th Japanese cruiser was made by U S bombers presumably long range aircraft of the flying fort ress or consolidated type The war department only Mon day had reported American bomb ers in two other engagements on in the Celebes sea area and one i first American bomb er engagement reported on th Malaya front Jap Planes Raid Island 500 Miles From Australia MELBOURNE Australia A fullscale air attack on Rabau in Australian mandated Ne Britain north of Australia w launched Tuesday by Japanes bombers escorted by fighters a official announcement said Tucs day The announcement said th raiders presumably were strikin from an aircraft carrier The attack marked an exten sion of Japanese activity to a area 3500 miles east of Singapor and about 4000 southwest i Honolulu Rabaul 300 miles below tl equator is New Britains major city Neighboring islands arc New Guinea on the west the Solomons on the cast New Britain is miles northeast of Australia NIPPONLANDING GROUPS SWARM ALONG SHORES RAF Fighters Machine Gun Enemy Barges at Mouth of Muar River By KOGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor Japanese invasion troops al acking only 60 miles north ot ingapore island were officially cportcd exerting heavy pressure the entire front in western lalaya Tuesday and a crisis in defense ot Britains 5400000 00 stronghold was apparently im ninent as seaborne Japanese orces cut in below the main bat c line Official dispatches said Jap anese patrols and landing par ties were swarming along a 30 mile coastal bell in western the Muar river 90 miles north of Singapore to Batu Pahat barely 50 miles away On the Malayan coast Japanese orces were reported to have cached the Endau area 75 miles north Johore strait British headquarters said RAF ighters machinegunned enemy barges at the mouth of the Muar in the Malacca Straits Set lements where BritishAustral an and Indian troops were striv ing to stabilize the front CHINESE KEFORTS SHOW HEAVY TOIX OF JAPS Chinese intelligence reporisitjd 5000 wounded Japanese were crowding the hospitals in Saigon French IndoChina and that urns containing the ashes of another 3000 dead were awaiting shipment o thehigh cost of Japanese conquest on the road 0 Singapore Dispatches from the jungle front credited Australian troops with mashing 10 Japanese tanks and lolding out all day after they had been surrounded until British roops fought their way through o the relief Australian antitank gunner held their fire against the Jap anese tanks until they were only 30 feet away the dispatches said then the sergeant in charge shouted Pour it into into their bellies As survivors of the Japanese ank crews crawled from their turning machines they were nicked off one by one British military quarters ac knowledged that the invaders were now only 60 miles from Singapore island Front line dispatches had previ ously reported Australian Brit ish and Indian imperial troops holding positions 35 miles north of Singapore CHURCHILL HOPEFUL OF EVENTUAL VICTORY Amid this darkening picture Prime Minister Churchill told parliament in London that he shared in anxiety about operations in the Pacific but declared he had growing confidence in even tual victory there The prime minister addressing the house of commons for the first time since returning from historic conferences with President Roose velt announced that a three day debate on the war situation would be held soon and offered to call for a vote of confidence if his re gime were challenged CLAIM BRITISH FORCE HAS EEEN SURROUNDED An official German broadcast quoting Tokio dispatches asserted that 20000 British troops encir cled 70 miles north of Singapore had launched repeated attacks to cut their way out of a trap with out success The broadcast said RAF flyers were trying desperately to aid the beleaguered imperials to reach Singapore which otherwise would have a skeleton force of 10000 men lo defend the island fortress Failure of the British efforts lo escape tlic encirclement re sulted in collapse of British re sistance at several places the radio said Meanwhile Japans far flung assault forces struck heavily at the city of Rabaul in Australian mandated New Britain north of Australia some 3500 miles cast of Singapore and 4000 miles southwest of Honolulu 500 Official dispatches said Japanese bombers escorted by 1 presumably operating from an Defense Savings Stamps for sale aircraft carrier attacked the city at GlobeGazelle business office in waves at middav damaging ;