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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 19, 1953, Mason City, Iowa T North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THiNEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION i VOL LIX Asioclited Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Seven Cenls a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY 17 1953 This Paper Consists Two One No U to the task The defect in our One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor We Go Too Long Without a Pilot THERE are those and quite a few of them too who con sider the Parliamentary system best exemplified by Britain as su perior lo the Presidential form of government which has reached its fullest flower in the United States While I lay no claim to being a profound student of the subject I would like to be counted among the proponents of our Presidential plan It has I concede some real short comings I hasten to add of these shortcomings can be remedied if only well set our setup which has been most painfully conspicu ous for the past two months and a half of course is the much too ex tended period of time between election and inauguration when our Federal Government comes pretty close to being without an ef fective executive head Thats another way of saying that in practical effect the busi ness department of bur Federal Government and our foreign af fairs department have been quite largely without compass or guide since the General Election was held on Nov 4 HalfWay Measure This problem has been recognized but in its solution we took only halfway measures We did away with the lameduck Congress and we moved the Presidentialinaugu ration from its traditional March 4 date to Jan 20 That was good so far as it went it just didnt go far enough One of the reasons of course that we dont get excited about this matter is that its plaguing effects are so seldom experienced This week we are seeing the first change of White House occupant as the result of election since 1933 years ago Our iirstvolers this year couldnt even remember it FDRs reelection Trufnans succession from the Vice Presidency and his subsequent election for term have made it two decades sincea President elect has had to wait to take over the reins of Government from an outgoing Chief Executive As a matter of fact there have been only two notable cases in his tory when national welfare and security were clearly placed in jeopardy by the extended period of questionable authority in our Executive department Lincoln Was Involved One of these occurred back in 1860 and involved Abraham Lin coln Between his election in No vember and his inauguration on March 4 1861 seven states carry ing out preelection threats not to submit to the election of Lincoln had seceded from the Union Nu merous forts arsenals and other federal property below the Mason Dixon line had been seized by the new Confederacy Although the count of electoral votes by Congress in midFebru ary was without incident there t Brownell Spurns Cabinet Business Interests Set Fire to Prison in Pennsylvania Grab 5 Guards PITTSBURGH UP convicts 1000 strong who set fire to Pennsylvanias Western State Penitentiary and seized five guards as hostages defied hundreds of police to force them into their cells Monday The cursing convicts for prison reforms Mrs Brewer Sells Farm at for prison started several blazes in the two cellblocks and prison work shop Sunday night Not a prisoner a shot was fired in the nations first prison uprising of 1953 No Compromise Warden John W Claudy w i I h backing of the states law enforce ment might vowed no compromise A plan of action aimed at halting the revolt was worked out at a predawn parley with Pennsylvania Picture on Page 2 MRS HELEN BREWER had been fears of forcible interfer ence with that final step in Lin colns election Some frightened Northerners had even questioned the advisability of Lincolns taking office The New York Herald counsell ing Lincoln to step out of the pic ture voluntarily said this His withdrawal at this time from the scene of conflict and the sur render of his claims to some na tional man who would be accept able to both sections would ren der him the peer of Washington in largest land sale in this section of the country for many years was reported by Mrs Helen Brewer former Iowa Bus Queen who sold her 400acre farm two south west of Nashua to an con cern She saidthe name of the pur chaser would be revealed when possession is taken Consideration is Mrs Brewer said the newly ac quired owners plan on using it for an experimental farm to raise ani mals for circuses The land was originally owned by Mrs Brewers grandfather more than 100 years ago It was inherited by her father Joseph Schultz who was killed by an automobile Dec 18 1946 in front of the Brewer home in Mason City where they were living at that time Upon the death of Mr Schultz the farm went to Mrs Brewer About two years ago her brother Magnus J Schultz of Mason City brought suit in a quiet title action against her and as long as that suit was pending she was unable to sell the land MrsBrewer won this lawsuit in district court and it was appealed to the Iowa Supreme Court She won that in a decision handed down Nov 11 1952 Wade P Clark Des Moines is her lawyer prison authorities but was not dis closed pending arrival of the state police commissioner As dawn broke an air of omi nous silence hung over the peni tentiary but it was soon broken as police reinforcements marched to their posts Prisoners bellowed Army ca dence of Hut two three four Hut two three four Policemen carried rifles rio guns and summachineguns Tiring of their grim humor some of the prisonerswent back to smashing the few remaining windows in the penitentiary Soak Mattresses Officials saw a big pile of mat tresses stacked at the entrance to one cell block Firemen hurriedlj drenched the mattresses so thej could not be fired The convicts huddled in their darkened cellblocks of the 76yearold prisontauntedfiremen who fought ZVz hours before extin guishing the blazing inferno Claudy estimated damage at 000 The rioters patriotism During these critical four months its to be recalled the White House was occupied by James Buchanan regarded by a good many historians as the one weakest sister among our Presi dents Franklin Pierce is the run nerup most commonly mentioned for this dubious distinction with freed one of the guards within a short time after the outbreak started about 7 pm But they stubbornly refused to le the others go until their 13 con cessions for peace are met The peace demands were passec out in a note to Claudy early Mon day No Reprisals The prisoners asked that theri be no reprisals against the rioters They also called for improvec food medical care a plan to per mit visitors to stay longer invest gation into operation of the prison ers fund better mail service complete change of the parol board and an opportunity t study law books so they can fil court petitions Claudy didnt bargain Hit by Commies 12 Are Missing as Planes Crash ina Coast TAIPEII Formosa U S Navy patrol plane with 13 men aboard crashed off the coast of South China Sunday after reporting ithad been hit by Communist ground fire A U S rescue plane crashed into the sea after picking up i Photo by Uobeil Dticknum DAMAGED BY Peterson Chica go Great Western Railroad agent at Thornton is shown looking over some of the damage clone when a bolt of light ning struck his equipment The jolt threw Peterson to the floor and scattered equipment around his office Peterson was treated for shock January Lightning Hits THORNTONSomcthing new in he way of January ighlning raised havoc here early ast Thursday morning when it struck the office of William Peter son agent for the Chicago Great Western Railroad The freak storm which dumped rain throughout this area caused a great deal of damage when the lightning struck Petersons tele graphic equipment T h e b o 11 knocked Peterson from his chair and shattered his equipment The amount of the damage has not been disclosed Peterson was treated for shock byDr Frank Ward and released Peterson a former Mason Cityan came here several years ago The freak weather conditions which produced the midwinter electrical storm and warm tem peratures then proved fickle and jarought ther coldest of the degrees below zero the survivors A second U S rescue plane radioed Monday it hadbeen fired upon by an un identified aircraft Exact circumstances of the fast breaking developments were un clear but n welter of messages from rescue ships and radio pick ups in Hong Kong and Manila in dicated this situation Of 21 American airmen aboard the two crashed patrol planes Two were killed in the first crash seven have been picked up by a U S destroyer and 12 are miss ing Intensive Search U S warships and planes were making an intensive search of the area some six miles northeast of Swatow and about 100 miles north east 6i Hong Kong It was the most dramatic epi sode involving the U S Navy in the Formosa Strait since President Truman Fleet on assigned June 27 the 1950 Seventh to safe Mossadegh Backers Defeat Threat of Religious Chief TEHRAN Iran Prcmier Mohammed Mossadegh Monday beat back a challenge by Irans chief religious leader which ihreatehed to split the countrys dominant nationalist faction wide apart and bring down the govern ment Bowing torepeated appeals and earnings Mullah priest Ayatullah Seyed Kashani withdrew his ban on debate by the ments lower a bill to extend for another year the pre miers neardictator powers to gov ern by decree Mossadeghs triumph left unre solved the rivalry between the two old men for control of the govern ment The old Mullah who is speaker in absentia of the Majlis and whose support has been a mainstay of the Mossadegh regime wrote the Majlis executive board Monday that he still insists the bill extend ing the premiers power is uncon stitutional but do as you like On receiving Kashanis go ahead the Majlis settled back for more speeches Kashanis broadcast statement1 said his earlier letter o the Majlis was a simple legal varning purely aimed at prcserv ng the constitution but s6me gnorant illinformed people had misinterpreted it as a quarrel bc ween him and the premier The split in the government coalition which has dominated ran for almost two years came as the latest round of negotiations on the BritishIranian oil dispute reached another critical stage In engthy conferenceslast week be ween U S Ambassador Loy Hen derson and Mossadegh new se cret American proposals for a set tlement were made The Premiers aides boldly predicted that final agreement was near James K Polk and Harding among the Warren G honorable mentions shall we say Maintained Silenct In keeping with a decision reached before his election Lin coln maintained a silence until ac tually seated in the Presidents chair Under pressure from his friends he took the position that he lacked the authority to give force to his views So why express them But Mr Lincoln did send word to Gen Winfield Scott through an Illinois congressman to be as well prepared as you can either to hold or retake the southern forts as the case may require after the inauguration Scott sent word back to Springfield that he had ammunitions shipments to fee South and that he was prepared CONTINUCD ON PAGE 2 Jury Still Out in Commie Case NEW YORK jury of six men and six women goes into its fifth day of deliberations Mon day trying to decide the guilt or in nocence of 13 junior officials of the Communist party charged with violating the Smith Act The jurors met for an unprece dented Sunday session and went to bed at 10 pm still without reaching a verdict The j u r y which receives the conspiracy case at pm Thurs day ended 30 hours of actual de liberation Sunday night They had sent 13 communications to Judge Edward J Dimock asking for ex hibits and excerpts of testimony from the trial which lasted nine and a half months Welp Bancroft Hatchery Man Wins Tax Return J H Welp Bancroft owner has won a 850000 case in the US Circuit Court of Appeals at St Louis according to word re ceived here Monday by Frank J Enbusk one of Welps attorneys The decision reverses that of U S DistrictJudge Henry N Gra ven who heard the case in Federal Court here Nov 19 1951 and ruled that Welp was to pay additional income by the ment tax for internal 1946 as claimed revenue depart McCarthy Misses Television Show show called Youth Wants to Know found out Sunday night why its guest star did not show Sen McCarthy one of his aides said neglected to trans fer his appointment notes when he changed suits and as a result got the time loused up But the NBC panel show went on despite the unoccupied reserved for McCarthy chair The government collected the additional income tax for 1946 be cause of a change in bookkeeping methods by Welp from a cash to an accrual basis The federal audi tors added the closing inventory to thetaxpayers taxable income for the year and denied Welps claim that the opening inventory be deducted The appeals court ruled that both inventories must be considered Welp entered the produce and hatchery business in Bancroft in 1923 and has built up one of the largest businesses of its kind in country Attorneys for Welp in addition to Enbusk were Thomas B Rob erts and J D Lowe The estimate includes interest guard Formosa from a Chinese Communist invasion Signals receivecl aboard one o the rescue vessels the seaplane tender this picture 1 A P2V Neptune patrol plan on a routineflightparaUeUing th coast reported it had suffered nipt crate damage from antiaircraJ fire from the Communist island o Namoa near the seaport ofSwa tOW In Tokyo Navy sources vsaii the plane sent this message Fir from shore battery moderate da in age amplifying follows That was its last message I crashed later sometime before pm Sunday 2 An amphibious Mariner plane fromOkinawa picked up 11 survivors of the 13man crew thencrashed in taking off Th Navy reported that the Which had a crew oC eight burned and sank 3 A second rescue plane tersely Trailed by unidcntific aircraft and being fired upon There was no further word TH plane identified itself only by a Navy code number SAME BULLETIN WASHINGTON United States has called on Russia to at tend a BigFour deputies meet ing Jan 30 in London to discuss an Austrian settlement PIONEER DIES GARNAVILLO fo Charles G Hedeman 93 lifclim Clayton County farmer who die at his home here Sunday will b held Wednesday Final GOP Fling Before Inauguration WASHINGTON IM Joyous Re iublicans started a final round of reinaugural celebration Monday n anticipation of the solemn mo lent when Dwight D Eisenhower vill be sworn in as the 34th Presi cnt of the United States From every section of the na ion they dignitariesof tie incoming administration great amcs of business and industry clebrilies loC H o 11 y w oo d and 3 Cabinet Men Get i t Approval Atty General Reveals Views WASHINGTON W Herbert Brownell Jr was represented Monday as believing that all cabi net members should grt rid of their private business connections That representation came from Sen McCarran joined in the questioningofBrown el Mondaywhen his proposed nom ination as attorney general cama up for study by the Senate Judici ary Committee Brownell himself took a cautious course He told the committee He would make a public statement oh the matter as soon as he completes a study of the controversy dealing with the nomination Charles E Wilson assecretaryof defense Ask For Overtime may have lo askfor a little overtime pay for working on this matter before I become attorney general jf I am confirmed he said with a grin The Senate Armed Services Corn Broadway cheerful throngs of just lain Americans who flooded into he flagdecked capital for Tues lays historic event Presidentelect Eisenhower him self came in by special train from New YorkSunday night with a ubilant wave and a quick flash of his famous smile as he stepped rom the floodlit rear platform of his private car Several hundred persons who had gathered in front ot Union Station applauded as a sleek gray closed car bearing the Presidentelect his wifeand close reJatiVes sped past at the head of a 15car motor cade on its way lo the Statlcr Hotel There in Presidential rooms four baths living room parlor entrance foyer Eisenhow r planned to until the hour ofdeparture forthe private service in National Presbyterian Church which will open Tuesdays nauguration program Noon Tuesday will bring the climax of the day Republicans lave dreamed of through 20 years n the political wilderness the pasteldecorated Suite three bed About The Weather Mason City Cloudy through Tues day light snow Monday night and Tuesday Iowa Mostly cloudy through Tuesday occasional light snow north and light freezing rain Minnesota Mostly cloudy but tending to clear north portion Tuesday Occasional light snow GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Monday Maximum 19 Minimum 10 At8am 16 Precipitation 02 mittee has put off action on the Wilson nomination until after Dwight Eisenhower is sworn in as President Tuesday Wilsons nomination challenged by some SenateDemo crats and Republicans because he has said he will not give up 2Vt million dollars worth of stock in General Motors Corp of which he has been president The nomination has been chal lenged on the ground that laws dat ing back 70 years prohibit govern ment officials from dealing with firms with which theyIhaye finan cial interests Vis thVlargestdefehse department pri vate r The Wilson matter vwasbrought up while Brownell was testifying as part of the committee hearings on his proposed nomination The Judiciary Committee gave its unanimous approval to the se lection of Browneil as attorney gen eral Two other cabinet appoint ments were confirmed by the Sen ate committees Monday leaving the Wilson selection thelone choice still requiring committee action 7 Entire Cabinet Republican leaders had hoped that the entire Eisenhower Cabi net would be approved byrcommit tees in advance so that their nomi nations might be confirmed Tues day when Eisenhower becomes President Approved Monday along with Brownell were Sinclair Weeks to be secretary of commerce and George M Humphrey to be secre tary of the treasury Both nominations Former Plead Innocent to Spying WASHINGTON former ils pleaded innocent Monday to an indictment accusing them o spying on US military secrets as members of an espionage ring di rectedfrom the Soviet embassy lere Otto Verber and Kurt Ponger who were arrested in Vienna last week entered their pleasbefore US Judge Alexander Holtzoff who set their trial for March 2 Verber and Ponger were re jail in default of 000 bond each Ike Inherits Rosenberg Case WASHINGTON question of clemency for doomed atomic spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg apparently will be passed on to the Eisenhower administration AttyGen McGranery said the Rosenbergs petition stillis in the hands of the Justice Departments pardon attorney Daniel Lyons lj V NO HARD winning and losingcandidates for the dency and their wives make a jovial quartet during a meeting at the Statler Hotel re ception Sunday for governors and official guests Left to right are Mrs Richard Nixon Vice Presidenteject Nixon Sen John Sparkman of Alabama defeated Democratic can didate for the vice presidency and Mrs Sparkman were given unanimous approval by the com mittee which examined themThe Commerce Committee cl e a r e d Weeks and the Finance Committee endorsed Humphrey Sherman Adams the White House chief of staff predicted the Eisenhower administration would ride out the Wilson nomination I dont blame the senators foe bringing up this question he said in an interview Theres a prin ciple involved McCarran ventured his state ment after Brownell told the Judi ciary Committeehe had divested himself of all business interests and holds only government bonds and a modest interest in an vestment trust The conflict ot interest stat utes are much more detailed with regard to lawyers than other per sons Brownell said adding that he gave up his own holdings for my own convenience and peace of mind Interpret Law He noted that he had been asked by Chairman Saltonstall RMass of the Armed Services Committee to interpret the law which bans a federal official from dealing firm in which he vholds even an indirect financial interest There have been suggestions that aspecial law be enacted to permit Wilson to disqualify him self in negotiations involvingGen eral Motors and Sen Smith DNC asked Brownell if he thought Wil son any treatment different from that meted outto other persons The law should treat all Brownell replied If we arc goinf to enforce the law against one per son we should enforce it agaiiwt his neighbor ;