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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, January 19, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 19, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOLU Aiaoctatcd Ftraa United rull Wn m MASON Cmr IOWA FMDAY JANUARY It IMS NO U RUSSIANS START FOURTH DRIVE German Forces Join to Form Solid Front on Maginot Line BRtTISHTROOPS TAKEHONGEN3 MILES IN REICH Yanks Capture Border Town of Rosport 6 Miles From Trier Germans burst out of the northern end of the Rhine bridgehead above Stras bourg Friday and linked up with other forces in northeast Alsace forming a solid front against the U S 7th army along 40 miles o the Maginot line as far west as Bitche The situation on the southern front was regarded at supreme headquarters as increasing ly grave Into this potential springboard for another big attack the enemy was pouring a steady stream of reinforcements over fer ries and pontoon bridges across the Rhine from Strasbourg to Karlsruhe In northern Luxembourg Lt Gen George S Pattons 3rd army was on move again under fire of Siegfried line big guns after breaking the German Sure river line The Americans were press ing the enemy back against the pur river boundary within 6 miles of heavily fortified Trier His latest advances ranged to 2 indies or better The 3rd army men fought suits blending The BrUisk on the north 5 tared HongenZ miles inside Ger many In their thrust from the Dutchr panhandle between the Maas Mense and Boer German stands on the north side of the bulge solidified within 4 miles of St Vith Between those forces U S Isl I army troops were blocked 4 miles f north of St Vith key to the road chain through which Field Mar shal von Rundstedt first struck into Belgium through the snowy Eifel and Ardennes mountains In northeast France the Amer ican 7th army lost its toeholds in Herrlisheim and Sessenheim 11 and 16 miles north of Strasbourg but captured Auenheim and Len terhebn below Hatten in the area where the Maginot line closes up to the Rhine Rundstedt was trying to catch his balance between Luxcmbour and Holland where American am British attacks ground up to 2 miles forward in slushy snow Any of the thrusts by the 3 al lied armies in the north and cen ter might burst at any mom en into a f ull force onslaught en dangering Germany from the wes as the Bussians endangered her from the east The German commander hai managed to get a few pummetet tanks and guns of his 5th and 6th panzer armies back out of the smashed Ardennes bulge but these constituted his only known mobile reserve Most of the units needed refitting the reserve could not be before Dusseldorf St Vith and Trier at the same time Hongen which fell to the Brit ish 2nd army with American ar tillerysupport is 38 miles from Dusseldorf on the Rhine It lies about8 from the Roer river along which the U S 9th army held static positions within 28 miles of Dusseldorf an arsenal city of 540000 All along the British front curl ing from Geilenkirchen to Roer mond German defenses stiffened after the Tommies had gained more than 4 miles and driven the foe from at least 8 villages The main RoermondSitiard road was broken The British crossed that ruad from Echt and fought into Schilberg They also seized Heide a half mile north of Echt Far north in the flooded no mans land two miles north of Nijmegen a strong German light ing patrol attacked British out posts and held their ground over night renewing the assult at dawn This was not believed to be a major thrust however Third army infantry won con trol of a third of the picturesque Luxembourgtown of Diekirch pop 3700 in a pass leading four miles into Germany The old world town nestled in snow in a deep valley was virtually snr rounded Gains in the new attack averaged around two miles Other troops Lt Gen George S Pattons army pushed east to a junction of the Sure and Our rivers at the German border just west of the Siegfried line They fought inside Erpeldange and Bettendorf three miles on either side of Diekirch Seize Control of Rosario Cut Off Japs General MacArthurs Headquar Luzon inva sion troops seized almost complete control of Rosario in the north east corner of their Luzon beach lead Friday sealing off strong Japanese forces entrenched in the mountains around the Philippine summer capital of Baguio 14 miles away Other American units massing strength on the central plains 37 miles south of the Lingayen gulf were believed awaiting the fall of Rosario 5 miles inland from the eastern rim of the gulf before re suming their frontal smash to ward Manila The capture of Rosario would effectively block the only practical highway alongwhich Japanese troops in the Baguio area to the northeast could mount a counter attack against the eastern flank of the American beachhead and endanger the rear of spearheads pointed toward Manila Supported by the big guns of warships in the Lingayen gulf American doughboys broke into the outskirts of Rosario Wednes day despite what Gen Douglas MacArthurs communique called strong enemy resistance Field reports said the opposition came principally from artillery and mortar batteries Little hand tohand skirmishing was reported Only a few miles east of Rosario lies an excellent airstrip The Japanese in an llth hour attempt counter attacked EOcaUeo tankettes but were quickly re pulsed The tankettes are light small tanks carrying 37millimeter guns but their armor is so vul nerable that it cannot withstand even 50 caliber machinegun fire Once Rosario and Pozorrubio have been secured firmly it ap peared doubtful that MacArthur would send his troops farther northeast into the mountains to ward Baguio for the present but instead would concentrate on the drive toward Manila Northwest of Rosario doughboys were advancing north along the coast of the Lingayen gulf toward Agoo 6 miles above Damortis At the center of the beachhead the Americans completed the oc cupation of Paniqui 76 miles north of Manila and a dozen miles abovi the provincial capital of Tarlac after twin advances from Moncada and Camiling 4 miles north and 11 miles west northwest of Pani qui respectively A tour of the front showed tha the forceat Paniqui awaiting tht consolidation of their northeastern flank before striking out anew to ward Manila have built up huge dumps of ammunition and other stores Bridges along the road from the coast have been repairs t and transport was moving forwan in a steady stream ss t GROUP HEARS REASONS FOR NURSE DRAFT Committee Postpones Hearing on Work or Fight Legislation Washington The house military committee temporarily sidetracked manpower legislation Friday to take a look at the womanposver situation spe cifically the armed forces heeds for nurses Before tackling at a later ex ecutive session an anticlosed shop amendment to the workor ie drafted bill for males between 18 and 45 the committee called a public hearing on another meas ure to permit the drafting of nurses It sought from MaJ Gen Nor man T Kirk army surgeon gen eral the reasons why the army and the navy are short of nurses and why they believe a draft law is necessary to fill the gaps The nursedraft bill was intro duced by May D Committee Ky after Chairman President Roosevelt asked for it in his mes sage to congress on Jan 6 It would require the registrationof every Registered nurse between the ages of 18 and 45 and permit their induction as privates under regulations prescribed by selec tive service officials It was needed the presidenl said to meet the armed forces needs for 20000 additional nurses The president also asked for the worfcorbedrafted bill the committee has under considera tion andMay said he hoped the committee would approve it by nightfall However committee differences thwarted Mays hope for approval Thursday night and there were some committee mem bers who predicted an agreemenl would not be reached before nexl week So sharply is the committee split on several well as the entire subject of drafting men for jobs other than that May Thursday invited Gen George C Marshall to make a personal appearance However Marshall declined the invitation and stuck to his orig inal position outlined in a letter to President Roosevelt that con gress must do something quickly to relieve the manpower pinch and furnish men and material for the armed forces The committee which Thurs day rejected 14 to 6 a move to substitute a modified form of the original Austin Wadsworth na tional service bill still faces many hurdles Young Old Nazis Fight on Red Front London Germans threw boys of 16 and men of 50 or older into the soviet breach on heir eastern frontier Friday and answered Prime Minister Church ills call for the reichs immediate surrender with a defiant never The official DNB news agency conceded that both the very young and very old along with police units had been rushed to the front lo bolster nazi army units falling sack in chaotic retreat from Ro land The clandestine Atlantic radio said Heinrich Himmler gestapo chief and commander ot the Ger man home army had taken over the military raining of boys as young as 15 for service in the reg ular armyand the Volksturm peoples army German radio broadcasts con inued to emphasize the gravity of She situation in the east and warned that Premier Stalin was striking with 155 divisions and 25 panzer corps in an allout effort to bring complete German destruc tion From Stockholm meantime came a fantastic1 new crop of ru mors regarding Adolf Hitler cir culated by the free German press bureau The rumors which the agency acknowledged were most fantas tic said Hitler suffered another nervous breakdown to lead a German RED DRIVE ROLLS INTO REICH INTO photo taken as soviet fighting men press back the enemy in Budapest capital of Hungary on their way to a juncture with other red legions which have already captured Warsaw capital of Poland Burning nazi installa tionsappear in the background B29s Bomb Aircraft Plant on Honshu Island counterattack against with the RUST Ct 3 rs supervising fortification work around his villa at Ober Salzberg The same source said that mili tary circles in Berlin were opining privately that further resistance was completely useless Even nazi party members rapidly were los ing all hope he said while the Berlin man in the street was con vinced that war soon would be over once the Russians capture Breslau and upper Silesia Claim Nazis Lost 120000 inOffensive Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force Paris The Germans suffered 120000 casualties from Dec 12Jan 11 in their offensive to split the al lied front in the Ardennes su preme headquarters announced Friday Allied casualties predominantly American were 55421 during the same period Of these 18416 were lost as prisoners YANKS GAIN ON LUZON Control of Rosario in the northeast corner of the beachhead was reported almost completely taken over by Yank forces Friday as the Ameri cans drive on toward Manila The Americans took Binalo nan and thrust east of Damovtis in their steafly push A Supreme headquarters an nounced Thursday that American casualties during December were 74788 This covered a different period however including the first 16 days of December in which fighting occurred in the Saar and on the Roer river before Cologne It did not extend into the first 11 days of January when 3D American divisions were flatten ing out the German salient In addition to German losses in personnel of which about two thirds were killed or seriously wounded and the rest prisoners the allies destroyed a mass of enemy vehicles and other equip ment including 600 tanks and as sault guns in the Dec 16Jan 11 period Four panzer divisions have been smashed and 4 panzer or panzergrenadier divisions badly battered headquarters said in an estimate of what it called the ex tent of the German failure One parachute division has been destroyed and 8 Volksgrena dier divisions have been rednced m infantry strength by more than half Included in the 5th and 6th pan zer armies and the 7lh German army which Field Marshal von Rundstedt employed in the Ar dennes were 8 armored divisions 2 armored brigades 2 armored grenadier divisions 2 parachute divisions and 13 Volksgrenadier divisions headquarters said While the Ardennes battle is not over yet its pattern is clear and it is possible to estimate the extent of the German failure it said HIT INDUSTRIAL CENTER PORT 21st Bomber Command Strikes From Marianas Washington UR A strong fleetof B29 Superfortresses bombed industrial targets at Osaka Japans greatest manufac turing center Kobe her largest ports randthe importantKawashi aki aircraft plant at Akashi on the main enemy home island of Hon shu in daylight Friday The giant 4engined bombers struck at Honshn for the time this month while Admiral William F Halseys hardhitting 3rd fleet remained for a 3rd day under radio silence that screened prepa rations for new carrier based raids on Japanese bases south of the homeland A brief war department an nouncement disclosed that Brig Gen Haywood S Hansells 21st bomber command had hit Honshu from bases in the Marianas and promised additional details follow ing the return of raiders Tokyo radio said 80 B29s par ticipated in the attack aiming mainly at the OsakaKobe area and Hamamatsu 130 miles to the east Some damage was caused B Japanese communique said Osaka 250 miles west of Tokyo Is Japans 2nd largest city and greatest war production center Its factories turn out iron steel ships tanks planes funs and explosives Kobe a few miles to the west handles more shipping than any other Dingle Japanese port and also is a shipbuilding and railway equipment manufacturing center Hamamatsu is a less important manufacturing city on the Tokyo NagoyaOsaka railway Tokyo previously has reported several nuisance raids on and re connaissance flights over t h OsakaKobe area but it never had been hit in strength by tbi Superfortresses The Japanese Dome agency said several echelons of B29s also made scattered raids Fri day on the Chubu and Kinki dis tricts a wide belt of territory run from coast to coast across central Honshu FCC monitors said The Japanese warned the resi dents of Formosa to expect in tensified largescale air raids in the future a Formosa domesti broadcast reported by the FCC said The Japanese warned the resi dents of Formosa to expect in tensified largescale air raids in the future a Formosa domestic broadcast reported by the FCC said Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from iour GlobeGazette carrier boy hurchills Policy Given 340 to 7 Vote London attempt to ex ress censure of Prime Minister hurchills interventionist policy n liberated lands was beaten 340 7 Friday in the house ot com ons Technically the vote was on a war appropriationsbill vSome critical laboritrs annouultd be orehand that op osed British policy ft Greece and taly they would not vote against he bill on the grounds they might be accused of impeding the war effort Churchill himself was in the louse during the vote and was cheered wildly as he left with Foreign Secretary Eden Shortly before the vote Eden old commons that Britain would ilace before the forthcoming big 3 conference a demand for cre ation of machinery with power o deal quickly and jointly with nternational political problems said Britain was ready to go to almost any length in order that the machinery may function The British government Eden said was not fully satisfied with he existing machinery for inter national cooperation on a politi cal plane and had been rather troubled for some time about the setup In one of the most bitter at tacks ever made on the prime minister in commons a speech which drew protests from mem bers Bevan declared that there is no single politician more cap able of distorting the facts than the prime minister He asserted HIT BRIDGEHEAD ON SENIO RIVER Rome 8th army forces have smashed small bridgehead which the Ger mans established on the soutl bank of the Senio river earlie this week and have driven th enemy back across the stream al lied headquarters announced Fri day i Headmiarters disclosed Thurs day that the bridgehead had bee established near Fusignano abou 13 miles northeast of Faenza an 14 miles inland from the Adristi coast Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Snow Friday after noon and Friday night changin to flurries Saturday Colder lat Friday night and Saturdaj Lowest temperature Saturda morning about 5 above at Maso City Iowa Cloudy with occasional ligh snow and little change in tern perature Friday night Saturda light snow and colder Minnesota Cloudy Friday nigh and Saturday with occasiona light snow Friday night Colde Friday night and much colde Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistic Maximum Thursday Minimum Thursday At 8 a m Friday Snow secret commitments by Churchill YEAR AGO were a factor in ihe Greek tra maximum Minimum of the war now recedonted in the The ferocij raging is uni war annals of the world and the Japanese empire is really facing a crisis the official statement said Gen Douglas MacArthurs southwest Pacific bombers have been hitting Formosa almost nightly from Philippines bases B 29s from China have attacked the island 3 times this month and carrierbased planes of the 3rd fleet also have struck repeatedly There has been no word of the whereabouts of the 3rd fleet since its latest carrierbased air attack on Formosa and the China coast Tuesday but it was expected to make its presence felt explosively to the Japanese within the next I few days YANKS TAKE COVER FROM JAP ARTILLERY ON soldiers take cover in a gully just aft er capturing the town of San Jacinto and the Japs started shelling them The action occurred shortly after Gen Mac Arthurs forces had invaded the main Philippine island of Luzon CLAIM CAPTURE OF KRAKOW IN SOUTH POLAND Nazis Say Garrison in Budapest Retreated Across Danube River London Marshal Staliu nnounced Friday night the cap ure of Krakow reported by ublin several days ago At the same time the Russians nnounced a 4th offensive in the Carpathian fringe ot southern had scored a breakthrough o a depth of 50 miles on a 38mile ront The 4th Ukrainian army ed by Gen Ivan Petrov hero of Odessa and Sevastopol captured orlice 65 miles southeast Crakow Jaslo 15 miles northeast i t Gorlice and 400 other towns italin said Stalins order of the day indi ated however that the Russians n this drive south of Tarnow and vest of Sanok had advanced much closer to Krakow by forcing both the Wisloka and Dunajcc ivers northsouth tributaries of he Vistula The Dunajec is about 35 miles east of Krakow Berlin said the garrison of Judapest withdrew to the western bank of the Danube a conflrma ion of Moscow announcements hat the entire German force in est on the east bank had been disposed of The language of the Berlin com nunique indicated however that he entire Budapest position had been written off in the high com mands books With the German communique speaking the onpushing Rus sians in that sector it was evi dent that German forces in Buda on the west bank were resigned to soviet occupation of all quar ters of the city shortly Moscow dispatches said the of prisoners rose from about 000 Thursday night to 65009 Friday morning in Budapest Less than 3 per cent of Budapest was in German hands Jan 16 by Moscow account Budapest would be the 7th European capital to be freed from German domination by the allies Russian cavalry was thrown into the soviet sweep of western Po land that has covered 70 miles from Warsaw to Lodz in 2 days Berlin admitted that several key towns shielding the German bor der had been evacuated and binled that a general withdrawal inside the German border was under way A mighty frontal drive on Ber lin is beginning to take shape said Moscow dispatches Lodz is 250 miles from the German capital The troops of Marshals Gregory Zhukov and Konstantin Rokossov sky in the center and north were overrunning the snow covered countryside iiv a fashion hardly matched in this war with Cos sacks and Siberian horsemen spearheading the advance The red air force out in the strength of 30000 sorties in the last 72 hours was reported master of the skies and was sweeping German airdromes just inside the reichs border with massed raids The German high command said a battle of the greatest r f j ferocity was raging all along Ihc Polish line from Krakow and Czcstochowa to Lodz Kutno and the Vistula Moscow dispatches confirmed German reports that Heinrich Himmlers home guards the volkssturm had been encountered on the frontiers of Silesia but so far Berlin was the only source of reports that Marshal Ivan Konevs 1st Ukrainian army had actually stormed to the reichs border at the southern end of the Polish front Russians were grappling with everincreasing numbers of Germans In that sector and Konevs breakneck advance had been sloued But Moscow dis patches said the fall of Krakow capital of Poland in ancient times was imminent and that red armyunits might actually be across the German border The Russians 3 miles outside Krakow Thursday night had wedged into the city streets by Friday morning said Moscow re ports Konevs tanks already had bat tled into Polish Upper Silesia southwest of Czestochowa 15 miles from the German Silestan border and were threatening the Krakow garrison with encircle ment Faced by the Russian squeeze north of the Carpathians and the drive north of the Danube which would be given additional im petus with the fall of Budapest the German high command said it was carrying out a disengaging movement in eastern Slovakia where a thin mountain wedge is thrust into soviet lines 34 28 28 Trace 51 25 1 ;