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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, January 19, 1943

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 19, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME CCMP DEPARTMENT OF HIST03Y AND A3CHIv OES MOlKEfj I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PHESS FUUj LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JANUARY 191943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 87 REDS FREE LENINGRAD PUSH AHEAD FR Orders Strikers to Work SAYS SECURITY OF U S MUST BE PROTECTED 5000 Miners Go Back to Work but 12350 Insurgents Are Idle WASHINGTON Roosevelt as commanderinchiet at the armed forces Tuesday di rected all striking anthracite coal miners to go back to work at once He said thai if they failed to comply with his directive in 48 hours the government would take the necessary steps to pro tect the security of the nation against a strike which comes at a time of a shortage of fuel iu war time Some 5000 striking miners re turnee to their jobs in Pennsyl vanias anthracite field Tuesday in the largest backtowork movement since the wildcat out began three weeks ago However about 12350 insur gents still remained idle The chief executive issued his order in telegrams to officials of the united mine workers of America national and local The parent body has empha sized the strike is unauthorized The telegram said On Friday Jan 15 1943 the national war labor board issued a directive order calling upon all miners on strike in the anthra cite coal field to return to work havebeen itr forrhed that several thousand min ers refused to obey the order of the war labor board and are still out on strike In the interest of Jhe war effort all directive orders of the national war labor board must be complied with by all em ployers and all employes Therefore as commanderin chief of the armed forces I direct all miners in the anthracite coal fields who are now out on strike to return at once to their job of producing vitally neecled coal for their country If this order is not complied with in 48 hours your government wilt take the necessary steps to protect the se curity of the nation against a strike which is doing serious in jury to the war effort In previous disputes involving labor and management the mili tary has taken over and super vised continued production The president used the armec forces in two previous cases o labor defiance and the military showing in both cases had the ef fect of ending the strikes without violence The first was in the North American aviation case in California early in 1941 Last year the military was assigned to the General Cable company strike at Bayonne N T Workers went back to their jobs almost imme diately Some members of the war labor board expressed belief that the same pattern could be used in the anthracite sit uation if normal production is not resumed in the next 48 hours but would not venture a predic tion The 20 day old strike in the Pennsylvania hard coal fields has involved members of some 25 lo cal unions They have been de manding a S2 a day wage increase and cancellation of a 50 cens a month increase in union dues from SI Cold Wave Intensified as Mercury Dips to 26 Real Relief Is Not Yet in Sight DBS MOINES cold wave intensified Tues day subzero temperatures spreading throughout the state while drifting snow blocked roads and hindered or halted transporta tion facilities in many areas Schools were closed in many cities Trains ran hours late Buses either were halted or were running late as highway commission crews truggled to keep major against the pen against the blowing light now which drifted in behind hem in some places undoing heir work The mercury sank to 26 de grees below at Mason City Readings of 20 below were common and temperatures low er than 10 below were reported from all sections of the state Garner in Hancock county re ported an unofficial 28 below while at Sibley where a S75000 fire razed a building housing five stores the temperature sank to 26 Fresh snow Monday and Mon day night added to the burdens of those seeking to keep traffic Suffer From Heat in Buenos Aires BUENOS AIRES dwellers swarmed to seaside resorts Tuesday Jo escape the hottest weather in seven years as thermometers soared to al most 104 decrees House Votes to Make Investigation of FCC WASHINGTON UR The house by overwhelming voice vote Tuesday passed a resolution to investigate the Federal Com munications commission Repre sentative Eugene E Cox D Ga sponsor of the resolution snid the commission housed the nastiest mess of rats in the country Peyrouton Is Algerian Governor General ALGIERS Peyrou ton former French minister of in tenor was appointed governor general of Algeria Tuesday Pey routon succeeds Yves Chatel Pey routon recently was French am bassador to Argentina He came here from South America by plane week moving Elkader reported 11 inch of snow in the last 24 hours and other northern and easterr parts of Iowa had lesser amounts The weathermansaid littleif any real relief was in sight al though the temperatures may moderate somewhat Wednesday morning The state highway commission reported nearly alt highways east of No 65 and north of No 6 were blocked Tuesday morning but added all except those in the extreme northeast would be open to oneway traffic by noon High ways were open in other por tions of the state and driving conditions were fair the com mission said v The snowfall had cesaed Tues day morning except for a few flurries in the extreme east o Iowa and these were expected to have stopped before noon No more snow is expected soon Tuesday was the third day o the cold wave and reminded lowans of the 10 days of subzerc weather inJanuary last year A that time the mercury sank as lo1 as 36 below at Decorah Temperatures Tuesday sent the mercury shrinking near the bot tom of many thermometers De corah and Spirit Lake listed 2 below Charles City and Sioux City 24 below Other readings included Spence 23 Cedar Rapids and Fort Dodge 22 Elkader and Mount Ayr 21 Marshalltown and Lamoni 19 Ames and Washington 18 Ottum wa and Iowa City 17 Muscatin 1C Burlington Dubuque am Council Bluffs 15 DCS Moines am Davenport 14 Clinton 11 Schools were closed atSioux City Davenport and Cedar ICapids and some smaller cities while some Coc college classes also were canceled Iowa City reported sevcra inches of new snow with muci drifting and Marshalltown ha similar drifting In the Cedar Rapids vicinity highway 30 was blocked wes from the Bentcn county line an highways 52 18 and 13 wer clogged There was no bus traffi between Cedar Rapids and Water loo runningon schedule with little difficulty encountered except by drifts in a few blocks on Twelfth street northwest and at Twen tyfifth street and Jefferson avenue southwest The two trains from the cast on tc Milwaukee road arrived later han on the previous morning the a m train arriving at and the Marquette due in icre at a m arriving at m Snowplows preceded each rain The Chicago North Western ailway passenger train from Belle Plaine due in here at a m arrived about 11 a m Trains on the Chicago Great Vestern railroad and the Rock sland lines also were late the early morning Great Western being about five hours late The Rock Island due in here at oclock Monday night ar rived at 2 a m and the other southbound due in at 4 a m ar rived at 8 a m Northbound trains had not reached Mason City Tuesday morning and would probably be from 7 to 9 hours late Although running on time Mon day the M St L met difficulty Monday night and all freights were late getting out The passenger from the south due in at a m was about an hour late Schools were open in Mason City but schools in surrounding communities were reported closed including the Hanlontown high school the Mclntire schools the Manlypublic schools and Sacred Heart school Portland township So 2 and Lime Creek township No 5 We hope that parents will use their own judgment about sending U S SUBS SINK DESTROYER 4 OTHER VESSELS Navy Communique Tells of Operations in Waters of Pacific WASHINGTON navy announced Teusday that American submarines had sunk an enemy destroyer and four other ships in the Pacific Navy communique number 255 said Pacific aid Far East 1 United States submarines have reported the following re sults of operations against the en emy in the waters of these areas One destroyer sunk One large cargo ship sunk One mediumsized trans port sunk One mediumsized cargo ship sunk One small patrol vesse sunk F One large tanker dam aged One small cargo ship dam aged 2 These actions have not beer announced in any previous nav department communique A naval spokesman declined t identify specifically any of thi areas in which the successful un dersea raids were made but said in response to questions that if sink ings of Japanese ships in the Solo mon islands by American subma rines had been accomplished in the period covered by this com munique they would be included The last previous communiqu on American submarine action wa issued Jan 2 at which time it wa reported that seven enemy ship liad been sunk and one damaged Tuesdays report of five sunt and two damaged maintained th navys average of reporting six tc eight enemy vessels hit by Ameri can submersibles about every twi and a half weeks Woman Freezes to Death in Front Yard OTTTJMWA Alex Dtckerson 48 Ottutmva was found frozen to death in the front yard of her home Tuesday Her husband told Coroner Gor don Traul that she left home Monday night saying she was going to nearby store He found the body this moraine in a snowdrift as he began look Ingr for her This was the second Iowa fatality in the current cold wave children out in severe weather suggested R B Irons superin tendent of Mason City schools It is our intention to keep the schools open but we certainly do not intend to penalize small chil dren or those having to walk con siderable distances if they fail to appear when temperatures are far below zero Please dont take chances of hurting the childrens health or having thorn freeze 30 gelow Reported in Twin Cities MINNEAPOLIS worst cold wave in seven years prevailed throughout the state Tuesday with no immediate relief in prospect The federal forecast is for Tuesday night weather bureau continued1 cold Local Trains 3V2 to 9 Hours Late Conditions for travel in general in North Iowa were not as bright Tuesday morning as Monday morning although conditions were clearing rapidly AH lines are get ting through Trains were all the way from 3i hours lo 9 hours late while busses when moving were close to schedule Northsouth travel was reported moving by the Jefferson transpor tation company but eastwest travel was not scheduled to start until noon Tuesday No busses left the local station Monday night east or west The early morning busses came in from the north and south Tuesday morning and busses were sent out in both directions Tuesday morning The Mum CHj Motor Craeh The temperatures in the Twin Sities at 9 a m was 30 below zero approaching the alltime low for Minneapolis of 34 below and the lowest here since the cold wave of 1936 The lowest temperature ever recorded in St Paul is 40 below Temperatures at other points in the state included 27 at Dululh 30 at Ecmidji 31 at Inetmation al Falls 27 at Moorhcad and 21 at Springfield IFT PEW SPECTATORS WATCHED THIS Clarion firemen fought in sub zero temperatures throughout the early hours of Sunday morning in attempt to put the blaze under control and when that failed to keep nearby buildings from burning The fire de stroyed the Clarion Methodist church causing a loss estimated between 35000 and The origin of the blaze has not been determined Photo courtesy Wright County Monitor British Army 40 Miles From Tripoli British rAir Patrol Hits 3 Supply Ships LONDON British pa trol bombers hit three enemy sup ply ships Monday night in an at tack on a convoy off the Dutch coast the air ministry announced Tuesday The RAF bomber com mand did not raid Europe in force Monday night but did lay mines in enemy waters while aircraft of the fighter command on offensive patrols attacked freight trains and locomotives in northern France ALLIED TROOPS GET SANANANDA Wavell Pushes Ahead in Burma Campaign By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Gen Douglas MacArthurs heac quarters announced Tuesday tha allied troops in New Guinea ha captured Sanananda point and San ananda village wiping out all bu three small pockets of resistanc by survivors of a 15001man Japa nese army in the Papuan jungle Coupled with this blow to Japans farflu ng invasion ar mies British headquarters re ported fresh gains in three sec tors by Field Marshal Sir Archi bald r Wavells legions driving hack into conquered Burma from India if Other far Pacific developments saw Honolulu under a 17minutc air raid alarm officially attributed to the presence of unidentified elements later reported as friend allied warplanes rode the skies from Burma to the South seas inflicting heavy new punish ment on the enemy General MacArthurs headquar ters said the capture of the two key Japanese strongholds on the Papuan beach climaxed a series of coordinated attacks by two American and three Australian in fantry forces All that remained of a Japa nese invasion army which once drove within 32 miles of the allied outpostat Fort Moresby miles across the peninsula was a small force pocketed in three groups a mile west of Sanananda about 1500 yards eastward from Sanananda point and behind the block of the main track Frontline dispatches said there appeared little likelihood that the surviving Japanese could hold out long and said action against the three pocketed forces was in the nature of a mopup operation In the Burma theater British headquarters reported that Field Marshal Wavtlls forces captured the village of Kyauk taw miles northeast of the Japanese base at Akyab on the Bay of Bental coast after ennhiat slicht enemy oppcsi ROMMEL MAY NOT DEFEND CITY Most Advanced English Column Is Inland CAIRO British eighth army spurted into the home stretch of its drive across Libya Tuesday with an advance which carried one of two attacking columns to within 40 miles or less of than Mar shal Rommel came to Alexandria last summer With Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomery pressing home the attack the axis had only a mat ter of hours in which to check the onslaught for an attempted stand or to Quit the city in a withdrawal toward the Tu nisian border 100 miles to the west Montgomerys most advancedj column was operating inland and a communique said it had driven axis forces from Bcni Ulicl and was in contact with the enemy toward Tarhuna which is only 40 miles southeast or Tripoli Tarhuna is some CO miles beyond Benui Ulid where the axis suf Knudson Scheduled to Be Chairman of Appropriations umn and bypass it to the south with the inland column There were indications that Rommel had decided or had been ordered to yield Tripoli nnd tcmpt to get as many of his men ns possible into Tunisia to join Gen Walther Nehring in a stand against allied assault from both sides It was noted that the eighth army swept unchecked through the fertile green oasis of Misurata which had been described as the strongest potential defense point between El Agheila and Tripoli Observers said there was reason to believe that Montgomerys army had pushed steadily on be yond the positions reported in the communique which would cover gains through Monday fered heavily in a tank battle with the British The second British column sped along the costal road passing through Misurata and Garibaldi and reaching the Zlinten area 90 miles east of Tripoli the last stronghold of Premier Mussolinis onetime African empire Tripoli itself wns under heavy air attack A communique announced that B25 liberators of the ninth U S army air force at tacked the big port by daylijht Monday and said hits by heavy caliber bombs were observed near Jhe base of Karamanli Mole and military targets with in the town A number of enemy fighters attacked our formation but failed to press their attacks home the communique said The night before other Ameri can heavy bombers raided Castel Benito airdrome 13 miles south of Tripoli Allied headquarters in North Africa announced from the Tuni sian front that flying fortresses also attacked Castel Benito from the west Monday keeping the big axis base under two way assault The Italian high command said repeated raids over Tripoli caused heavy damage to civilian buildings and several casualties among the Libyan population Allied headquarters announced that the Germans had made some gain in tank led attacks on allied positions southwest of Pont du Fahs on the central Tunisian land front German tank and infantry forces also made two attacks in the Bou AradaGoubellat area southwest of Tunis but a spokes man said both thrusts were re pulsed Observers said the British strategy might be to bring the columns together for a converg ing attack on Tripoli or to at tack the city with the coastal col Revisions in Social Security Plan Are Proposed by Perkins NEW YORK o Labor Frances Perkins disclosed Tuesday proposed revisions of the social security plan which would make it provide larger oldage pension payments and maternity funeral and other benefits She said they might be presented to President Roosevelt soon Miss Perkins told 200 persons at a town hall meeting that the proposals would increase pro gressively the total social security premiums from employers and employes to an amount equal to 10 per cent of paychecks She said the government would not be required to be a third con tributor after the expanded pro Tarn had been in operation 10 said the proposals also years She would provide payment for all in terruptions of employment re gardless of cause Other Important House Chairmanships Also to Be Listed by Burma DES MOINES Represen ative Arch W McFarlane R Fimmen R Sloomfield and Herman M Cnudson K Mason are chednlcd for appointment to the liree top house committee chair manships which will make them automatic members or the powcr ul interim committee it was re iably reported Tuesday The appointments are to be made by Speaker Henry Vf Burma and announced to the house pos sibly later Tuesday Informants said McFarlane will iead the committee on ways nnd means Fimmen the judiciary No 1 and Knudson the appropriations committee Representative George L Scott R West appropriations committee chairman last session is slated to head n committee on reduction which will handle onj bills on reducing the state income tax a move fostered by both dem ocrats and republicans Other important chairmanship appointments expected D S But terfield R cities and towns A H Avery R Spencer rules Harry E Weichman R agriculture 1 Edward T Morrissey R agnail lure 2 C A Bryson R lowr consolidation and cooi dination of state government R R Dvorak K judicirj 2 Carrol Johnson R Knoxvillc roads and highways X T Pienti R Ml liquor control RUSSIANS HAIL ARMY EXPLOITS ON ALL FRONTS Northern Metropolis Opens Land Lines After Year and Half Siege By HENRY C CASSIDY MOSCOW All Russia thrilled to the news of great ac complishments of the red army Tuesday as the fire of enthusiasm was stoked by word soviet smashes into sagging German for ces all the way from icebound Lake Ladoga outside newly reop ened Leningrad to the liigh Cau casus in the south Izvestia government news paper reported Leningrad was now in direct land communica tion with the rest of the nation after nearly a year and a half in which its 1000000 wartime inhabitants had been supplied by air transports and by roads anil a railroad over the winter ice of Lake Ladoga While the red army continued to baiter at the onceencircling German armies around Russias second city to widen a five mile orridor through which the 17 icnth siege was broken other so iet forces moved further in the ivcction of the Latvian border outhwest of Velikie Luki threat ncd Salks German supply cen er for its entrapped southern ar iiies tightened the vise in the Stalingrad area and made further progress in the direction of the steel city of Kharkov the Pitts burgh of the Ukraine Workers coming off their shifts n Moscow shouted the news and pounded each other onthe back and newsdealers in the capital were swamped with he citizens nsatiablc appetite for fresh tid ngs of the widening triumphs at the winter offensive Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Coniinued cold Tuesday afternoon and Tues day night Not quite so cold Wednesday forenoon Lowes Tuesday night in Mason Cit 22 below IOWA Continued severe cold Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon MINNESOTA Not quite so ex tremely cold Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon light snow west and north portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 6 Minimum Mondav night 26 At 8 a m Tuesday 23 At p m Tuesday 10 Snow trace Monday nights minimum tem perature was the lowest recorded here since Jan 4 and Jan 7 of 1942 when minimums of 27 be low were recorded YEARAGO Maximum 38 Minimum 15 Dispatches related that he Leningrad offensive began on Jan 12 at 9 oclock in the morn iu with a hurricane of artillery fire upon the German positions on the elevated left bank of the Neva river So terrific was the barrage Pravcla reported that it plowed tip the frozen soil and splintered concrete pillboxes as though they wove matchwood The pounding lasted two hours and twenty minutes Then soviet infantry which hafl stood in their trenches impatient ly iiwaiting the attack signal rushed across the frozen Neva to ward the Germans Pravcla said Good organization and speed in the crossing operation kept losses the dispatcli said The enthusiasm of the Russian troops was so great that many the wounded insisted on continu ing in the battle In many places heavy Russian artillery was pushed across the frozen river by hand and nuded up tlic high banks with the help of icy tow ropes These snowcovered slopes were heavily sown with land mines which sappers were forced to blow up because they were frozen too tight to remove Izvcslia said the German army had lost 250000 men in the un successful attempt to take Lenin grad The people of Leningrad wept openly in the thronged streets and kissed one another when the news that the blockade was broken came said a dispatch from the front At the hospitals wounded de Emergency Precautions Taken by Sweden to Insure Defense Plans LONDON evi dently guarding against a pos sible German lightning invasion ns the result of Russias victories on the Leningrad front took i fenders o the city cried with joy emergency action Tuesday to ini sure its defense Gen p G Thocrncll com mander in chief of the Swedish armed forces issued a special order that in event of a light ning attack local commanders must act on their own initiative even without orders from their superiors to defend the country He wnrned the nation is had i Premier Per Albcn Hansson MOD day that enemy agents were Workers who during the long siege stayed at their machines often until they dropped of fa held thanksgiving in the factories meetings The lift which the Russian people sol out of the breaking of the blockade of the city named for ihcir revolutionary leader and considered the home of the revolution itself bolstered army morale and lent new momentum to the series of drives ajtainst the axis armies all along the 1200 mile front likely to spread false reports in a fifth column operation accomj panying an invasion i Any reports that orders have i been given to cease fire will bci Southwest of Vclikic Luki false General Thoerncll an1 where German resistance has nounced been exceptionally strong a Rus Collapse of Germanys siege advance captured six popu Leningrad had brought the warjlated places and added to the nearer Swenden as it had underi growing toll of axis prisoners London military quarters pointed out that Hitlers satellite armies had taken a particularly heavy drubbing in the winter drive calculating that six of nine Hungarian divisions on the eastern from had been badly mauled seven of 10 Italian divisions had been knocked out and that 16 ol lined the bankruptcy of German offensive policy against Russia JUDGE BOND DIES BALTIMORE Chief Judge Carroll T Bond of the Maryland court of appeals died of heart dis east Monday night at his home here ;