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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, January 19, 1942

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 19, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY THf NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY 19 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 86 JAPANESE PUSH NEARER SINGAPORE Tanker Sunk by Sub Off North Carolina Coast 13 ARE RESCUED AFTER SHIP IS HITBYTORPEDO Survivors Report Narrow Escapes to Get Clear of Sinking Boat NORFOLK Va tanker was torpedoed and sunk off the North Carolina coast Sunday and 22 of its 35 crew members are pre sumed lost Thirteen survivors of the Standard Oil tanker Allan Jack son enroule to New York were debarked here and told grim stories of their struggles to escape flames which enveloped the deck and spread rapidly into the oil slick on the water Only one lifeboat managed to Bet away and its occupants re ported hearing cries from within the sheet of fire on the water but were afraid their boat would burn if they moved irf to help The rescue vessel which stood by but as a precautionary meas ure could not render immediate aid brought four bodies to port Six of the survivors were injured Details as Jo the location of the ship when it was torpedoed tbe time and the name of the vessel which picked up the sur vivors were withheld by the naval public relations depart ment for reasons of security a The uninjured survivors who Were byijjaval intelli gence the swainRes F Terrell able sea man Onis M May able seaman league F Burke storekeeper Aracelio Lopez messman Elmo E Buoden oiler and Jerimah A Donovan The injured at the Marine hos pital are Captain F W Eritchmer masterof the Jackson Melvin A Rand second mate Boris A Car neoff third mate Thomas B Hutchins chief engineer Steaphen Verbonich radio operator and Eandolph H Larso able seaman The dead were identified as A Hoerle third engineer Hamon Brown seaman Dimingo Pinerio fireman and Carl Z Webb oiler The navy did not have the home addresses of any of the survivors Every licensed officer on the ship was either injured or lost The tanker was not armed and no attempt was made by the submarine crew to board the craft or take prisoners According to the stories told by survivors an officer on the bridge sighted the first torpedo when it broke water about 150 yards from the tanker A desperate effort was made to avoid the tor pedo but it crashed into the vessel about amidship No one saw the second torpedo but a second ter rilic explosion was heard within a couple of minutes after the first crash The tanker apparently gave way in the center with the bow listing to starboard and the stern to port Only one lifeboat managed to get away as the ship caught fire im mediately and the flames en veloped the entire deck and rapid ly spread into the oil slick on the water The seven uninjured survivors were in the lifeboat and they had several harrow escapes before getting clear of the ship IS THIRD TANKER TO BE SUNK SINCE WEDNESDAY WASHINGTON axis submarine operating off the North Carolina coast Sunday torpedoed and sank the Standard Oil tanker Allen Jackson to bring to three tankers the toll of undcrseas boats off the United States Atlantic coast since Wednesday The landing of survivors of a torpedoed Panamanian freighter at an east coast Canadian port Sunday indicated that at least a fourth vessel had been sunk in apparent widespread axis sub marine forays The first tanker rported tor pedoed went down off Long Island Wednesday and the second Thurs day The survivors from the Pana manian boat who were landed in Canada said submarines were al most as thick as catfish in the waters where they were attacked OMIT STATION HOURS WATERLOO a new work schedule designed to aid the national defense effort nincty seven per cent of Waterloos filling stations will operate from 7 a m to 7 p m it was announced Her Lost Gift to U S Carole Lombard the noted screen actress posed beside this bond selling poster a few short minutes before she left Indianapolis to fly home to California and Husband Clark flight which was to end instead in death on a Nevada mountainside Bodies of Carole Lombard 8 Brought From Wreck Men Toil Through Snow to Return 13 More From Air Crash LAS VEGAS Nev shattered bodies of actress Carole Lombard and eight other per sons among 22 kilted in a moun taintop plane crash Friday night lay in a Las Vegas morgue Mon day while men toiled through snow to bring the remaining 13 victims down from the crash scene Hhe dead included illiss Lom bard and her mother and two other women the actress press representative and 15 army fly ers in addition to the pilot and copilot Recovered from the plane wreckage late Sunday were the remains of two women and sev en men W Wisps of blond hair and the general contour of her face served to enable Edgar J Mannix vice president of M G M studios to identify one body as that of Miss Lombard A threemar jury conducting a special inquest de cided that she died of injuries sustained in the crash of a T W A liner cmante from Las Vegas to Los Angeles Another inquest will be held when all of the bodies have been recovered Actor Clark Gable who flew here upon receiving word of the crash Friday night remained in seclusion at a hotel Friends said he was too numbed by the shock of the death of his wife and her mother Mrs Elizabeth Peters and their close friend studio press agent Otto Winkler to talk to anyone Unable to leave his film duties Gable last week had asked Winkler to accompany Miss Lom Capt Wayne Williams was pilot of the illfated TWA air liner that crashed in the Polos mountains near Jas Vcpas Ncv with 22 aboard bard to Indianapolis where she aided in a sale ot defense bonds Spencer Tracy a close friend of the actor drove alone to Las Vegas Saturday and was ex pected to accompany him back o Hollywood Studio officials In Los Angeles were makingar rangements for a double funeral for iHiss Lombard and her moth er to be held probably Wednes day or Thursday Deputy Coroner Jack Larry said it might not be possible to com plete the task of removing the bodies from the remote peak unti Tuesday F R Asks Congress for 28 Billions for Army and Navy WASHINGTON Roosevelt took a big step toward next years war spending goal ol 556000000000 Monday by asking congress for new appropriations o 528500767495 for the army and navy in the next 18 months In his official estimates Budget Director Harold Smith said the requests for funds arose from changed condi tions since the 1912 and 1943 fiscal year budgets had been sent to congress Pressure Put on Argentina Chile to Break With Axis Committees Begin Intensive Work at Conference in Rio RIO DE JANEIRO diplomatic pressure was being ap Dlied Monday to persuade Argen ina and Chile to join in a unani mous PanAmerican break with the axis powers and complete a solid antiaxis front of the 300 00000 citizens of North and South America Committees of the third con sultative conference of American foreign ministers began intensive work at Itamavaty palace but the delegates gave more attention to the ArgentineChile question Argentine Foreign Minister En rique Ruiz Guinazu who opposes an open break conferred at length late Sunday with Brazilian Presi dent Getulio Vargas who is e m e r g i n United States Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles and Brazilian Foreign Min ister O s w a 1 d o Aranha as a strong man of the conference During Guinazus conversation with Vargas it was understood Vargas telephoned Acting Presi dent Ramon S Castillo at Buenos Aires Chilean Foreign Minister Juan B Rossetti made a lengthy call in Welles hotel room leaving well after midnight Guinazu also vis ited there The delegates were striving urgently to find a means of recon ciling a resolution for a joint sev erance of diplomatic financial and economic relations with Germany Italy and Japan with a com promise version Castillo was be lieved to have authorized Guinazu to submit There was no officialconfirma tiontjuf thiscoHfpfoiirise was British Withdraw From Tavoy Burma Port RANGOON Buma forces have withdrawn from Ta voy the southern Burma port just across from Japaneseoccupied Thailand a communique an nounced Monday night It said the withdravyal was made in the face of superior enemy forces and put Burmas defenders in more favor able positions lieved to give permission to the individual governments to choose their own strategic time for sever ing relations with the under standing that they would suppress all subversive elements at once The supporters of tbe severance resolution already before the con ference will refuse to compromise although a spokesman said they would be willing to alter the phraseology if the principles were untouched Asked How Far Did You Go in School Youth Says 4 Miles DES MOINES hap pened in the local federal recruit ing office Efow far did you go in School queried Sgt J H Reasor of an eager youth About four miles You see lived in the country was the earnest reply Churchill to Delay Statement on Strategy LONDON Government critics Monday demanded an im mediate parliamentary debate on Britains reverses in the far cast the face of Prime Minister Churchills intention to delay the war strategy statement possibly u week Establish Priorities on Commercial Airlines WASHINGTON Gen Donald R Connolly military di rector of civil aviation Monday es tablished priorities governing use of scats and cargo space on regu larly established commercial air lines Weather Report IOWA Continued mild tempera ture Monday afternoon and Monday night with slightly warmer northcentral portion MINNESOTA Mild temperature Monday afternoon and Monday night with slightly warmer cast portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 38 Minimum Sunday night 15 At 8 a m Monday 16 YEAR AGO Maximum 7 Minimum t The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 37 Minimum in night At8 a m Sunday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 33 24 8 Defense Savings Stamps for sale at GlobeGazette business office Battle of Moscow in Reverse Murray Will Present Lewis Proposal for Resuming Peace Parley NEW YORK Mur ray CIO president Monday ad vised John L Lewis president of the United Mine Workers of Americr that he would present Lewis proposal for a resumption of C1OAFL peace conferences to a meeting of the CIO executive board here Jan 24 Murray point ed out in a letter to Lewis Iiis predecessor as head of the CIO that all arrangements in behalf of the CIO with reference to unity with the American Federation of Labor will necessarily have to be initiated through the office of the presidi t of the Congress of In dustrial Organizations Senate Passes Bill Authorizing F R to Control Phone Lines WASHINGTON sen ate Monday passed a house bill granting the president seizure and control powers over the nations telephone telegraph and cable facilities after defeating a limit ing amendment sponsored by Sen ator Robert A Taft R Ohio Defense Savings Stamps for sale at GlobeGazette business office Reports from the eastern front state the Battle of Mos cow where the nazis had attempted to capture the city with a giant encirclement has gone into reverse with soviet troops encirclingand pinching off large nazi troop units One force of reds is smashing at the RzhevVyazma Bryansk A line On the sector between Leningrad and Moscow the invaders are facing annihilation Another red lorce has bypassed Orel with all the soviet might aimed at smashing the Smolensk line REDS THREATEN ANCHOR POINTS ON NAZI FRONT Russian Armies Are Reported to Be 60 Miles From Smolensk LONDON Orel Kursk and Kharkov the four anchor points oE the German line on the GOOmile front between Kharkov and the sea of Azov are all imminently threatened by ferocious Russian attacks Russian advices indicated Monday It was asserted further that Hie Russians were now within 60 miles of Smolensk whose loss might force the Germans back to the Dnieper river 300 miles from Moscow The Moscow radio asserted that Mozhaisk was aflame and that Russian troops were fighting the Germans hand to hand in the streets amid the flames while massed fleets of German dive bombing planes sought desperate ly to impede the attack by bomb ing the Russian rear Red army tanks and motorized troops were reported to have stormed Orel 210 miles south of Moscow and to have captured the eastern half of the city including the great factories which the Germans had converted into fort resses Russian artillery was re ported heavily bombarding the Germans in the other half ot Orel across the frozen Oka river which runs through it The official newspaper Izveslia repflrted a violent fight in tlfe re gon of Kursk which is 85 miles south of Orel At Kharkov the industrial cen ter of the Donets river basin 125 miles south of Orel the Russians were reported fighting their way toward the city through the outc suburbs Russian dispatches while they spoke of German counterat tacks in some areas implied plainly that these attacks were merely desperate attempts to prevent the entrapment of big German forces and such phrases as breaking enemy re sistance disintegration of the German Hue and mass sur renders were increasingly used Stockholm dispatches reported that the main railroad between Moscow and Leningrad was in op eration again as the result of Rus sian successes in the north and that food and arms were bein sent to Leningrad in evidence that it was no longer besieged Interest centered on the battle tor Mozhaisk which apparently was one ot the fiercest the war Mozhaisk is the peal of the Ger man salient pointed toward Mos cow from the west U is BO miles from Moscow and 1C5 miles northwest of Smolensk on Na poleons road of disaster The Russian spearhead which Moscow reported to be only 60 miles short of Smolensk was advancing from Hie southeast apparently along the GorbacbovoSukhinichiSmo lensk railroad It was indicated that the battle for Orel rivaled that at Mozhaisk for ferocity Dispatches said Russian tanks raced into the city followed by motorized troops and that the Russians stormed one after an other ot the great factories which the Germans had fortified in the eastern half of the city Within a few liours it uai asserted he Russians had won control of tlic entire halt of the city cast of the river Radio Kuibyshev reported that as the result of their heavy losses German military authorities were calling up old men in Germany and pressing new recruiting cam paigns in Spain France Hun gary and Croatia Jap Activity Dwindles in Philippines WASHINGTON war department reported Monday that ince AmericanFilipino forces in tie Philippines smashed the latest iipancse attack ground operations on Luzon had dwindled to a des Jltory nature A communique said enemy pa trols were active and indecisive skirmishes had taken place in the last 24 hours Enemy air activities were con fined to frequent reconnaissance flights General Douglas MatArthur re ported that Filipinos in the oc upiect areas had been deprived of heir means of transportation He said farmers had been evicted from their farms and formed into labor groups and the invaders had seized harvested crops and food stores The communique based on re ports up to a m C S T said I Philippine theater Ground operations during ihs past 24 hours were of a desultory nature Enemy patrols were active and some incidental skirmishes took place with indecisive results Enemy air activities were con fined to frequent reconnaissance flights General MatArthur has been advised that Filipinos in the oc cupied areas have been summar ily dispossessed of their means of transportation and other equip ment Native fanners have been evicted from their homes and formed into labor groups Har vested crops and food stores have been seized by the invaders 2 There is nothing to report from other areas NAZI MARSHAL HAS OPERATION Von Brauchitsch Said by German News Agency to Be Recovering LONDON Marshal General Walther von BrauchiUch former commander in chief of the German army has undergone an operation described as successful despite the severe heart trouble which von Brauchitsch had two months ago Reuters quoted the German News Agency DNB as re porting Monday The field marshal who was re placed as commander of the army liy Adolf Hitler last month was said to be recovering He will have to undergo a long rest it was saici DNB said Hitler sent him best wishes for a speedy recovery Hitler announced his assumption of the army command on Dec 21 and said he had been induced to follow his intuitions It was said the actual replacement took place Dec 10 The field marshal is an order of the day on Dec 22 said lie asked for his dismissal on account of a heart ailment Missing Hunters Found by Trail of Notes RAWLINGS Wyo hunters told Monday of being lost for three days in the desolate red desert country until a searching party following a trail of pen ciled notes found them in an abandoned homestead ramp The searchers followed the notes to Eagles Nest abandoned camp 80 miles northwest of here to find Aha Edwards filling station op erator Richard Seiths garage me chanic and Hugh Thornton oil field worker VOX BRAUCJHTSCH recovering Iowas Traffic Toll for Week Totals 5 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Five lowans were killed in traf fic accidents last week but this year toll still remained far below that of 1941 The five deaths brought the 1942 total to 15 com pared to 33 by Jan 19 last year The fifth victim of the week w John Ounnarson about 80 who was struck by an automobile in highway 34 near his Muntciville I home Saturday AUSTRALIAN AIR AID IS SENT TO BRITAINS BASE Stiffened Defense Fronts Are Indicated Allied Dispatches By JOE ALEX MORRIS United Press Foreign Editor A climactic battle for Singapore developed rapidly Monday on 3 jlazing front from Malaya through the East Indies British defense forces in west ern Malaya fell back from the Muar river as a result of enemy infiltration 90 miles north of Singapore and here were axis circulated reports that the Jap anese had pushed close to the southern tip of Malaya less than 5 miles from the big British naval base But dispatches from allied war bases gave the impression of stiffened defense lines on all fronts and Australia officially reported ihat aerial reinforcements had been sent to the aid of the hard fighting Australian troops who have exacted an eighttoone cas ualty toll from the Japanese in Malaya T h e Pacific fighting fronts shaped up as follows Malaya British acknowledge Japanese penetration of 40 mile front near mouth of Muar river SO miles north of Singapore where RAP and Australians smash at en emy lines and troop concentra tions Ten Japanese planes be lieved downed over weekend dur ing heavy enemy raids that start large fires at naval base Axis broadcasts claim Japanese reached southern tip of Malaya trapping 20000British troops and massing battle at Johore ruacrqsSAharrpw fronj Sin gapore Bri t isfi radio sayi Ofirre is no confirmation of Japanese claim and that last reports put the enemy about 100 miles from Singapore defense forces under Gen Douglas Mac Arthur throw back the Japanese from positions on Batan peninsu la and shoot down four more en emy planes maintaining threat to Japanese flank and delaying nf fcnsive against Singapore and East Indies iiomb Balik Papan oil port on eastern Borneo coast and also attack Sabang is land north of Sumatra and close to Malaya fighting zone seeking to interfere with allied aid from East Indies to defense of Singa pore and indicating preparation for new invasion thrusts Dutch defenders of Celebes island were believed to be fighting strongly in the Minahassa sector defense forces traced for an expected Japanese invasion following patrol clashes in Tavoy sector of southern Bur ma where British were said to have situation in hand The Ger man radio also reported fighting at Niki northwest ot Rangoon British detain Premier U Saw of Burma presumably in middle cast charging him with commun icating with Japanese and refus ing permission for him to return to Burma continue drive against remnants of Japanese col umn about 70 miles north of Changsha where Japanese re portedly lost 75 per cent of forces estimated at from 80000 to 120 000 men In general there still was no abatement of the momentum of the Japanese offensive against Singa pore and the Dutch East Indies al though fierce resistance by Aus tralian and Indian troops in Ma laya as well as failure of the Jap anese to break American lines in Batm had slowed down he enemy Conflicting reports and consider able delay in dispatches from Singapore made it difficult to de termine the position of the main battle lines in Malaya but it was acknowledged that the enemy con tinued to push forward at some points GCIJ Sir Archibald Wavcll allied supreme commander was near the fighting front a few days ago it was disclosed He was forced to leave headquarters hur riedly at one time in order to avoid the possibility of encirclement Situation Is More Critical SINGAPORE WVTlic battle of Singapore entered a more critical phase Monday as the British ac knowledged a further withdrawal nlong the west coast of Johore state and reported that the Japa nese were hammering heavily at their lines near Scgamat on the central Malayan railroad 95 miles from Jchore strait The withdrawal of the British left flank in the Muar river ;