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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 18, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ocpAnmNr OF THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHftORS UHV cam MASON CUTIOWATHURSDAY JANUARY M Fnxr Coniats at Two SectionsSection NO BELIEVE REDS IN GERMANY British Enter Germany ANGLORUSSIAN Drive Toward Roer YANKS ATTACK 4 MILES FROM REICH BORDER Report Third Army Mopping Up Nazis Trapped Near Nennig Paris troops in vaded Germany at a new point Thursday in a 2Va mile advance from Holland toward the Roer river sweeping through 4 villages and reeling the Germans back with shellfire and bayonets In the Ardennes salient to the south the U S first army at tacked less than 4 miles from St Vith 4 miles Irom the reich The 3rd army mopped up nazis trapped before the Siegfried line in Germany near Nennig 12 miles south oE Luxembourg city But above Strasbourg the re inforced and increasingly aggres sive Germans lengthened their narrow crossBbine bridgehead to 9 milesand captured Strattmatten and Dengolsheim 15 miles north cast of tbe Alsatian capital Ibt V S army however won adja cent Sessenheim lought into the streets of Herrlisheim andbeat down attacks at Batten The wbitecaped Britons 61 Lt Geri Sir JMiles C 2nd array Overeuid and Overhayen ui the Dutqh panhandleThey swept o n across the frontier in a hook shaped tip of Germany northeast of Sittard in an area about 8 miles from the Roer 24 from Munchen Gladbach and 38 from Germanys llth city Dussel dorf 540000 Echt is 7 miles north of Sittard Overhoven a half mile north Sus teren and Overeind are between and east of Maeseyck Dieteren was captured Wednesday By a trick boundaries the British will have to again pass through a sliver of the Netherlands before reaching the Roer guarded to the south by the U S 9th army Sir Miles new assault still was comparatively small but was be ins extended His main force was on a 2000yard front it was gathering momentum b e h i nt minebasting tanks The Germans were pouring in reinforcements and committing some armor The 2day curtain of fog began to lift slowly after dawn promis ing air support The miserable combination snow ice ant Winding ground haze had been perhaps the greatest brake on the allied attack since the start of the week As the fog lifted in the north a slight rise in temperature turned snow to slush The first army perhaps by now fighting again under command ol Lt Gen Omar N Bradley in the remerged group cap tured Recht and high ground east of Vi els aim as it pressed upon St Vith last large Belgian road cen ter still in German hands The closest approach to the junction of 2 railroads and 7 high ways funnelling into the Siegfried line was in the Recht area Row ever nearly 3 miles of forest and nigged hills barred the approaches to St Vith where many Ameri cans were lost in Held Marshal yon Rundstedts December offen sive Gen Elsenhowers communi que noted lighter resistance Lt Gen George S rations 3rd army captured Bourcy and Hard ingy on the south side of what was the Belgian bulge The army continued exploratory jabs inside Germany along the Moselle val ley British Mosquito planes all night long supported the Tommies aground freezing out enemy re serves backing up the line east of the Maas Meuse and west of the Boer Towns behind the battleline burned and Germans lost their shelter in the bitter cold Swinging north from Dietcren the British advanced up a narrow road east the Julians canal Seized Echt arid then wheeled south to link up with other forces advancing from Susteren The first and 30th Old Hich divisions of It Gen Courtney H Hodges first army moved south upon St Vith side by side throngh snowdrifts laming to muck and against bitter opposition from dug in Germans Some 24 enemy tanks were destroyed on the western front Wednesday attesting to the ififfening German defenses The 30th gained the most ground and closest to St Vith Around the rest of the flatten ing Belgian salient gains were measured mostly in hundreds of yards as the foe attempted to hold he elliptical ridge line from St Vith to Houtfalize to Wiltz in Luxembourg Rundstedt was striv j to prevent a collapse which would split his 5th and 6th panzer armies Except for rear guard action most of the tanks of these com mandshad been pulled out and infantry had taken over the de fense in the difficult Ardennes mountains It still was touch and so on the 7th army front across northeastern Fiance Gen Hermann Balcks first and 19th German armies were throwing harder and harder blows in attempts to retain the initiative against Lt Gen Alexan der Bf Patch hero of Guadalcanal Most blows were stopped cold In the Bitche salient 20 miles southeast of Saarbrucken the Americans for the most part were doing the attacking Steadily but slowly they were whittling down the original German bulge but the ground was changing hands only a few hundred yards at a time The enemy was counter attacking in active defense The bitterest battle was at Hat ten a bolt in the old outmoded Maginot line The Germans rein forced their attack on Hatten it self late Wednesday but the 7th army held firm Another force tried to s t through the Asch brucli forest southeast of the scat tered village toward the northern end of the Strasbourg Rhine pock et The Germans were flungback South of Strasbourg the French first army front around Colmar remained quiet Say Wallace VTay Receive abiriet Post Washington reports irculated Thursday that Henry Wallace will be named seere ary of commerce in President Roosevelts 4th term cabinet They disturbed senate friends f Secretary Jesse Jones and led hem to seek assurance that Jones vould continue in any event as iead of federal lending and fi lancing agencies The white house was completely ilent on Mr Roosevelts inten ions and the principals alike made o statements but the report that lie president is leaning to Wai ace gained wide acceptance in ongrressional circles Senators Connally D Tex id Bailey D N close riends of Jones visited the white house Wednesday They woulc not discuss their talk with Mr Roosevelt but the story going the ounds among legislators was this They went to the president to ilead that if he does want Wallace or commerce secretary he shouk trip from that department its urisdiction over the reconstruc ion finance corporation and sub sidiary lending and financial cor porations The great financing agencies vere independent from the time of their creation until Feb 24 942 when their powers and func tions iyere transferred to thecpm nerce department That was argely a Bookkeeping etrkoa Tnn ATntfr 4ti 1J JAPS REPORT NUISANCE RAIDS B29s Apparently on Reconnaissance Pearl Harbor B29 nuisance raids on Tokyo the OsakaKobe area and Korea were reported by the Japanese Thurs day while the American 3rd flee maneuvered behind a curtain oi radio silence for another strike at the enemys battered defenses far ther south Hadio Tokyo said single B29 Fortresses flew over Tokyo at 11 p m Japanese time Wednesday over the OsakaKobe induslria area at 10a m Thursday anc over northern and central Korea about a m apparently on reconnaissance No bombs were reported drop ped The 3rd fleet which has wreck ed nearly 400 ships in carrier plane raids on targets from the Ryukyu islands just south of Ja pan proper to French Indo China since Jan 2 has been under radio silence since its aircraft attacket Formosa and the China coas Tuesday Superfortresses attacked For mosa in strength Wednesday and Tokyo said 300 of the 3rd fleets planes simultaneously hit Hong Kong Canton and Hainan island carying their assault on the China coast into its 4th straight day bu the latter was not confirmed im mediately SUMMON JURORS IN BREWER CASE Recall November List 30 Others for Jan 23 for the Novem her term of Mitchell county dis trict court who had been excusci by Judge M H Kepler some tim ago have been recalled by Don aid Tuttle clerk of court to hea the case the state against Mrs Helen Schultz Brewer on a charg of assault with intent to commi murder The case was sent to Osage from Floyd county district court a Charles City on a change of venu this week In addition to the regular jury panel for the November term 3 other jurors have been summonec to appear at 10 a m Tuesday R E Holden will serve as cour reporter iince Jones a that timeTKeadef ooth jhe RFC and Wallace whoseterm as vice president expires Saturday has one been reported eyeing the commerce post longingly Friends who want to see him achieve the democratic presidential nomina ion in 1948 believe that as secre ary of commerce he could win important business support to weld with the backing he now has amons some labor elements If the department were strippe of its big financial agencies how ever it would lose much of its mportance and influence Although the whole report wa still in the cloakroom stage then were rumblings indicating tha Wallaces nomination might run into substantial senate opposition unless some move was made tc keep Jones in the finance posts Wallace and Jones tangled in an historic quarrel in 1943 when the vice president was head o the board of economic warfare The argument was over whether Jones had stalled in amassini strategic materials The wealthy Texan stands hig with many in congress who se him as a stabilizing influence Th same forces are openly doubtfu of the of giving a billion dollar influence to aman the regard more as a theorist than businessman While nomination of Wallace t wield all the powers Jones holds would widen the bread between the white house and thes forces in congress it undoubted would quiet the complaints o some new deal forces They hav been asking who won the else since the state departmen was put under ivealthy Edwar Siettinins and a croup of aide whom they regard as predomi nantly of views which are out o line with the new deal The ordinary duties of the sec retary of commerce are largel statistical and administrative H lias general charge of such di visions as the census bureau weather bureau and the coast an geodetic survey He collects sta tistics concerning foreign and do mestic commerce He supervise the operation of governmen barge lines and the registration o trademarks Pope Expresses Views on Warsaw Liberation Vatican City cal quarters said Thursday tha Pope Pius XII had expressed sat isfaetion over the liberation Warsaw but at the same tim suggested that it might have com sooner had the Russian force wholeheartedly supported th Polish uprising in the city months ago The Pope was scheduled to re ceivc a Polish military delegatio headed by Lt Gen Anders commander of Polis forces in Italy Thursday ACT REVEALED BY CHURCHILL Tells of Agreement on Balkan Dealings to Stop Future Wars London a lighting peech Prime Minister Churchill asserted Thursday that he and larshal StaMn had reached an greement on dealing with the ialkans to prevent future wars He said President Roosevelt had een kept constantly informed While insisting this agreement ras not intended to divide Eu ope into spheres of influence fter the war Churchill told com mons that Britain would pursue wartime policy of interference n middle Europe so long as he leld office under the crown Thus he challenged the house to nother vote ot confidence if it disapproved In rapidfire order Churchill old the house Britain will stay in Greece until mpartial elections can be held The left wing EAMELAS fac ipns against which British sol liers have been fighting are even dirtier than the Germans and must be considered Trotskyite phrase many heard as Churchills absolution for iloscow in the Greek troubles ELAS forces already have butch ered up to 1500 fellow Greeks mostly with knives or axes1 Britain has no intention of let ng young King Peter stand in he path ofa regency for Yugo slavia Be will be ploughed under of e niilea ie agreesMarshal Tito martbe considered ithe undisputed mastc of Yugoslavia Italy will be free of Germans n afew months or vill withdraw or be thrown out and the hungry weight of a vast iberated territory willbe thrown on a fragile government in Rome this statesmen was not is no combination of powers in Europe n which we need Italy as a part ner We need Italy no more than w need Spain because we have no designs which require support o that country Churchill declared The prime ministers speech opened a 2 day allout debate on Jie ivhole world situation At point he apparently warned thi house not to divide on his poll cies declaring I would warn the house tha if we are going to tear ourselve asunder over all the feuds anc passions of the Balkan countrie which our armies have liberate we shall find ourselves incapabl of making great settlements afte the war Without directly mentioning th United States policy of nonin terfcrenee Churchill said he ha been exchanging personal tele grams with Marshal Stalin abou what is the best thing to do an asserted We keep Presiden Roosevelt constantly informed And in face of appeals for Icn iency for revolting ELAS forces Greece the prime minisle warned that whether it is popu lar or not we shall not hesitat to rescue these hostages take by ELAS and punish the slaughter or maltreatment Buy your War Bonds an Stamps from your GlobeGazett carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy wit occasional light snow or drizzl Thursday night and light Friday Lowest Thursday nigh at MasonCity about 20 becom ing colder late Friday Iowa Mostly cloudy through Fri day light snow in northern por tion Friday Little change i temperature Thursday nigh becoming colder late Friday Minnesota Cloudy Thursda night and Friday with light sno Thursday night changing 1 snow flurries Friday littl change in temperature Thurs day night becoming colder Fri day IN MASON CITY Maximum Wednesday 29 Minimum Wednesday 13 At 8 a m Thursday 2 Precipitation 36 inch Snowfall 6 inches YEAR AGO Maximum 4 Minimum 30 TANKS REST IN FOREST ON WESTERN the liberation of the re captured city of LaRoche Belgium by American troops British vehicles line upin this shelteron the wooded hillside near the is a U S army signa corps photo Report Japs Evacuating Personnel From Manila Yanks Meet Near Tarlac General MacArthurs Headquarters Luzon reports ndlcated Thursday that the Japanese have begun evacuating kev per onnel by air from Manila to northern Luzon and possibly even For mosa in anticipation of the tall of the Philippine capital News of furtive northward flights by enemy transport planes reached headquarters as Ameri can forces massed strengtha few milesabwe TariacB5 miles north a new southward lurigethat was expected to carry all the way to the great Clark air center away7 Other forces widened the American beachhead on the Liu Rayen gulf north of Tarlac to 65 miles with a 11 mile advance which sealed off the Fangasinan peninsula and secured the west m flank against the possibility of a Japanese counterattack Striking northwest from Ala ninos the column pushed through clear to the northern tip of the peninsula at Bolinao in the face of only negligible resistance from scattered Japanese strag glers At last reports the Ameri cans were advancing down the west coast ot the peninsula to ward Dasol bay 15 miles south west of Alaminos Sixth army troops also made further progress on the eastern flank despite sharp resistance from wellentrenched Japanese troops One force drove to with mahaU mUe of Rpsaripj5 miles inland from Damdrtis and 14 miles capital ofBaguio Another cut the main central plains northsouth highway at Bobonan 8 miles south of Rosarlo and a 3rd rammed into Pozor rubio enemy strong point 9 miles east of San Fabian Once the Japanese attack routes on the eastern flank have been and that appeared like ly within a matter ot hours the Americans above Tarlac were ex pected to resume their southward march toward Manila Tarlac a provincial capital road hub and town of 17000 should prove an easy nut to crack and reconnaissance reports indi cated the Americans would meet no formidable resistance north of the Clark field air center if in deed above Manila itself STOP ACTION ON TAX PLAN Believe Farm Bureau Pressure Caused Action Des Mollies posed continuation of the state income tax 50 per cent forgive ness was postponed possibly until next the request of Sen Irving D Long one of theau b the was necessitated because he had not received requested statistical information fromthe state tax commission There were growing indications however that pressure brought by the Iowa Farm Bureau Federa of full income tax payments and other groups fighting for passage of school code revision measures might have pre cipitated the postponement Some senate proponents ofthe income tax cut said they felt Thursday was the propitious time for action on the bill which was reported out of the ways and means committee Wednesday fol lowing a hasty session Discussion also was postponed on a resolution authored Tuesday jy Sen John T Berg RCedar Tails to prevent the appropria tion ot any surplus funds for any purposes until provision had been nade for departmental and insti tutional needs Berg declared he was not with drawing the resolution on which discussion originally was expected Wednesday Were sitting by waiting for facts and figures concerning the surplus he explained He added however that he felt Ihe resolution already has served its purpose The intent of it was to keep forces with special interests from being too hasty until we learn what our course of action should be he said The senate received 8 bills In Us halfhour morning session and then adjourned until p m Sen E K Bekman ROttum introduced a bill which would allow district mine inspectors to permit firing of shots or blasting in Iowa coal mines while work ers were in the pits provided cer tain permissible explosives the approved list of the u bureau of mines were used Another bill provided for the appointment of chiefs of police from civil service eligibility lists such as are used for fire chiefs ARMORED BREAKTHROUGH to a dispatch fiom the Philippines front there is possibility that American armored forces may be able to sweep down the Luzon plain to Manila in a matter of weeks instead of months as first thought Some army vanguards striking out from our beachheads at Lingayen gulf were moving so fast they had to be slowed down to keep in touch with units behind them Stiffer resistance will undoubtedly be met when the Japs caught off balance by the initial landings regroup their forces to the south Meanwhile to halt the northward flow of feverish enemy reinforcements Yank planes have knocked out at least 3 ofthe main bridges above Manila Black area shows U S holdings as our forces spread from their original beachhead ROKQSSOVSKY FORCES NEAR EAST PRUSSIA Stalin Reports 1000 Populated Places Taken Including Modlin London Konstan in Rokossovskys 2nd White Rus iian army drove to within 17 miles of East Prussias southern border Thursday The right wing of the nammoth soviet offensive in Po and may already have crossed the frontier of German Silesia Berlin admitted a wholesale dis engaging movement was in pro cess and one Moscow dispatch said it was believed Germany was now fighting on home soil on the eastern front in Silesia as well as on the western front Marshal Stalin announced tliat more than 1000 towns and vil lages including the fortress Modlin 15 miles northwest of at the confluence of the Vistula and Bug were captured by Rokossovsky Przasnysz 50 miles north of Warsaw and 17 miles from the East Prussian border also was captured in the thrust along the main WarsawKonigsberg high way More than 1500 localities have been seized since Rokossovsky launched his drive along the Na rew north of Warsaw with his general objectives the reaching of Dan2ig and the possible isolation of all or most of East Prussia German military commentators said Rokossovsky had 20 fresh divisions into the power drive towardthe Baltic 100miles north ofPrzasriysz Three great Russian 000000 strong on a 259 mrfcf vere fast Hbewting all Peland fter the capture of Warsaw Ha tom and Czestochowa and the iermans were reported falling back to their next natural line of defense Oder river 30 miles rom Berlin The liberation of Warsaw an lounces the forthcoming fall Berlin proclaimed the Moscow Berlin admitting confusion in he face the smashing on laught said Tomaszow 30 miles outhcast of Lodz Polands great est industrial city had been evacuated and said Breslau Gcr nanys chief industrial city in Si esia was directly in the danger one The Lublin radio said Krakow city of Polands ancient kings also had been captured The forces of Marshal Gregory Zhukov which took Warsaw and Marshal Ivan Konev were con erging on Lodz from the east as well as the south Zhukov after taking Zyrardow 25 miles west of Warsaw struck southwest toward Lodz 4G miles away Zhyrardow is 288 miles from Berlin Konevs first Ukraine army which captured Czestochowa the Catholic center known as the Lourclcs struck lor the orman frontier 15 miles distant It was Konev who was closest to Berlin 260 miles at Czesto chowa His spearheads were just 35 miles north of Katowice the Polish Border town where the first wagonloads of wounded were brought back from the front in the 2nd World war Russian crews in new Stalin supertanks were threatening to cut off a cluster of German cities in Hindenbunr and the main sup port of German armies to the 2 New Congresswomen Appointed to Foreign Affairs Committee Washington demo cratic freshmen Mrs Helen Gahagan Douglas D Cal and Mrs Emily Taft Doug las D won appoint ments to the house foreign affairs committee a post which republi cans 2 years ago refused to give to their beautyandbrains trust Rep Clare Soothe Luce of Con necticut Selection of the 2 Mrs Doug lases gives the foreign affairs committee the heaviest distaf representation among house com mittees and adds one more par allel in the lives oE the 2 congress women who share the same sur name north Breslau on the Oder river is 90 miles directly west of Czesto chowa At the Oder the Russian armies would be standing on the line which Lublin Poles have claimed for their postwar fron tier with Germany While there was as yet no of ficial confirmation of a Russian crossing into Silesia an Associated Press dispatch from the soviet capital said it was certain the red army was no more than 8 miles from the frontier and that Ko nevs guns already were shelling German industrial territory where the smokestacks are thick For several weeks the red army has been fighting within the east ern limits of East Prussia a de tached part of prewar Germany Moscow had not yet confirmed German announcements of a 4th soviet offensive there which had pushed 13 miles or more into the Junkers province But Marshal Konstantin Rokos sovskys 2nd White Russian army battering forward 25 miles on a 63 mile front which toppled the fortress city of Pultusk on the Narew and 500 other communities north of Warsaw had advanced ;