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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 18, 1944, Mason City, Iowa SAVE AM 1 Am Ammunition For Dont Waste or Throw Me Away THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JANUARY 18 This Paper Consists ol Two Sectior SURPRISE VISIT PAID COMMONS BY CHURCHILL Prune Minister Given i Cheers Says Its Too Early to Drink Toast London fP Prime Ministei Churchill returned to London un I expectedly Tuesday after canva J lescing from an attack of pneumo Iriia in the middle east and told a cheering house of commons tha I he expected to make a statemen fon the war in the near future I The prime minister who lookec Islightly tired but happy asked thi Ihouse that he be given some lati Itude about the actual date fo fdiscussing the war thereby indi he planned a careful sum Imary of events in prelude to west invasion of Europe As for himself when asked b member what steps he was tak ting to relieve himself of some o I his official duties to conserve hf I health Churchill replied ami I laughter I I am obliged to you for you I solicitude but I have no change I to propose at present in my rou Itine I Churchill again drew laughte Bwheii heclemurred at Comdr Ol LockerLampsons propos Ithat We go off and drink this ftoast Death to all dictators and Tlong life to all liberators J H is very early in the morn Churchill chuckled As the questioning proceeded Sir Herbert William asked if I Churchill were aware of any optimism voiced in a rc l cent speech in which Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomery indicated the probable early capture of Rome I dont know about false op timism Churchill replied There has been a lot of bad weather One qf Churchills first visitors b expected to be Gen Dwight D i Eisenhower supreme allied com mander for western invasion The prime minister has been in close tonch with events during his con valescence hut he is reported i anxious to have the latest confi dentist developments as the zero hour approaches Russians Reported Closing In on Rovno Key Nazi Point Hull Thinks US Offer to Aid RedPolish Relations Didnt Arrive Until Monday AVashington Hull said Tuesday that the Ameri can offer to seek a resumption of diplomatic relations between Poland and Moscow apparently did not reach Moscow until Monday morning This disclosure regarding the time element was taken as one more evidence that the at least have taken no steps to i eject the offer Aicording to the best informa tion here Mr Hull said the dis patch containing the American governments decision to make the EARTHQUAKE WRECKS SOUTH AMERICAN I 4 earthquakes which almost destroyed this city of 30000 Wreckage fills street of San Juan Argentina following AP wiyeplioto via radio from Buenos Fear 3000 Quake Tall in Argentina Buenos Aires that the death toll would reach 3000 were expressed Tuesdayby rescue workers who uncovered still more Churchills smilingJreaptbeiiVcnce boclies in Juariwhich waswrecKeasbyi surpriseto the MPsf or there had earthquake over the weekend been no inkling that he was comI At least 1200 were known to be 1 dead and more than 5000 injured 4TH WAR LOAN DRIVE OPENED Eisenhower Nimitz Morgenthau Voice Pleas Washington fourth war loan drive observed a national ing Home sgoh Carrying a large bundle of typewritten documentshe sudL mournino Tuesday denly emerged from the shadows mournin iuesaay behind the speakers chair and Estimates of the damage in walked briskly tohis seat Cheers eluding part of the wine crop IlO a m after iNorth Africa His arrival I thundered spontaneously and the members sprang to their feet Several gasped in astonishment The prime minister back in Britain for the first time since his I epochal conferences with Fresi r dent Roosevelt and Premier Stalin inTeheran reached London about a journey from terminating his Ilongest wartime absence from the Icountry was kept semiprivate Pand was devoid of fanfare Few Britons indeed were aware that I the prime ministers recovery was sufficiently advanced to permit I his leaving the warm climate of north Africa to return to Britain Churchill gave his familiar V Isign to the crowd as he strode from the train to a waiting anto mobile but he was not smoking reached as high as 5100000000 The ruined city has been en tirely evacuated and only soldiers and rescue squads still remain digging amongthe debris The actual number of which has been estimated as higl as was uncertain Public and private contribution arc continuing to pour in and an expected to reach 40000000 pesos The British embassy donated 5 tons of packaged food which wa about to be shipped overseas t British prisoners of war in Ger many Two German organiza tions donated 28000 pesos Expressing Secretary of Stat Cordell Hulls condolences U f Ambassador Norman A r m o u transmitted to the Argentine gov ernment an offer of the America the usual cigar He wore an RAF I uniform Ten weeks had elapsed since jChurchill left Britain to meet President Roosevelt and Gener Laiissimo Chiang KaiShek at j Cairo from where he and the president went on to Teheran to meet Stalin and map the final 1 plans for the downfall of Ger I many The first announcement of his I illness came on Dec 16 when i Deputy Prime Minister Clement Attlee informed the house of com mons that the prime minister had i developed a patch of pneumonia on his left lung The indomitable Churchill soon rallied however and quickly re gained his strength while conval escing at Marrakech Morocco Red Cross to send aid Yank Patrol Crosses Rapido for Probe Then Withdraws Allied Headquarters Algiers American patrol crossed the Rapido river north of Cassino and probed the nazis strong Gustav line positions headquarters announced Tuesday French troops oc Sant Elia 3 miles north f S Jisenhpwerj Admiral Ch est e r Timitz and Secretary of Treasury Icnry Morgenthau Jr In Philadelphia the liberty bell vas struck Tuesday morning by layor S Bernard Samuel and icard throughout the nation by adio as 5000000 volunteer sales west of Cassino doughboy patrol found the Germans entrenched in fortified offer was not received in Moscow until Monday morning because of atmospheric conditions This implied that the offer could not have been brought to the attention of the Russian gov eminent by Ambassador Av erell Harriman until after the Russians had issued their strong ly disapproving statement on the Polish message which requested British and American interven tion in the dispute The Poles said they could not accept decisions brought about by Russia alone and the sians said that the Polish note amounted to a rejection of Rus sias offer to settle territorial Questions on the basis of the old urzon line laid out during the Vorld war Hulls disclosure Tuesday re errinK to Monday morning Mos time meant that the Rus ians had not so far gone on rec rl after receipt of the Ameri an offer that they would be un able to accept the offer The secretary said in response o questions that he had no in same answer he lad given the publication in the communist Journal Pravda of reports that he British had discussed peace erms with German Foreign Min Indignation Is Voiced by British Press GERMANS GRIP ON VAST AREA IS THREATENED Offensive in Leningrad Front Continues to Roil On 5 Towns Taken By HENRY C CASSIDY Moscow of Gen Ikolai Vatutins 1st Ukrainian army were reported closing in London British press Tuesday on Rovno iif old Pa minced no words Tuesday in key German commumca pressing indignation over Pravdas tions center 110 miles south ol publication of a BritishGerman Pinsk another mam objocUye ol separate peace talk rumor the Vatutins forces 011 the northern London Daily Mail denouncing it edge of the frozen Pripet marshes as insulting and the Manchester Fall of Rovno junction of Guardian calling it a slanderous Sarny accusation The British foreign office denial of the authenticity of Pravdas separate peace story has been brought to the attention of the soviet government by the British charge daffaires in Moscow it was announced Tuesday Lwow railways inevitably would imperil the German grip on a vast area of southern and south western Russia already threat ened by Vatutins left wing driv Rumanian fron center based on Novograd Volynski 50 miles east ister Ribbentrop Russias reaction to this coun trys offer to help close the diplo matic breach between Moscow The morning papers generally Of Rovno was driving on the rail displayed the story on their front hub from the east northeast and pages emphasizing that the Britnorth constituting a triple threat ish foreign office had issued a flat which made its early capture a denial of the truth of the report 1 possibility One column moving printed in Moscow by the comjn from the northeast already has munist party organ Not one Lonoccupied Tuchin 13 miles away don afternoon paper published Soviet engineers were called in the Moscow story Monday alto provide equipment for the lough there was no censorship crossing of the Horyn river which an I flows westward through Tuchin s In the absence of any official outskirts and which has not xplanatton from Moscow and in I frozen sufficiently for transport lev ments never to make a separate Shields Appear as Big Drive Gets Under Way Des Moines Red white and blue shields began to appear men someof them jumping the jn the windows of Iowa homes Plane Crashes Into House Sets Fire to Others 8 Thought Deac Oakland Cal flVAn army transport plane crashed Tuesday a few minutes after it iiad left the Oakland airport and all probably killed The twinengined ship fell into a residential area demolished a house and the resulting fire spread to several other homes Police believed all occupants of the house escaped Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy PRIME MINISTER CHURCHILL to London TAUGHT S S TEARS Washington Iowa tP Mrs Julia Cavcndcr 00 a lifelong Washington resident and Metho dist Sunday school teacher for 50 years died Sunday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and somewhat colder Tuesday night and Wednesday lowest Tuesday night 25 Iowa Partly cloudy Tuesday nigh and Wednesday Continued mile Tuesday becoming moderately colder Wednesday Minnesota Mostly cloudy ant moderately colder Tuesday night and Wednesday Ligh snow flurries north portion Tuesday night diminishin Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 47 Minimum Monday night 30 At 8 a m Tuesday 34 YEAR AGO Maximum Minus 10 Minimum Minus 16 Precipitation 05 Snowfall 1 inch gun and beginning their canvass at midnight opened a campaign loped to reach every man and ivomen Ted R Gamble national direc tor of the drive was caught by one of the a m salesmen iust as the campaign officially segan He got a sales talk and bought a 5100 bond And 2 county Sev and Cherry county reported that their quotas were exceeded before the drive opened Eisenhower Nimitz and Mor first 2 from their posts in the war theaters the lat ter from Washington joined movie stars opera singers and the governors of 4 states in a 4 net work dramatized program em phasizing the slogan of the cur rent drive lets all back the at tack Eisenhower declaring that Vwe are about to test finally whether democracy can sustain allout bat tle said success in the fourth ar loan would aid in softening up he enemy by showing every azi soldier and civilian that was united behind its cat invasion force Nimitz from the Pacific said we cannot win unless our fight ng forces receive prompt and ade SAeservey Sells Per Capita Meservey Meservey showed he way for Cerro Gordo county londay night by jumping the gun in the 4th war loan drive and elling a per capita average of S25 vorth of war bonds and stamps at donbleheader basketball game The census in 1940 counted and business houses Tuesday as campaign the state got the 4th war loan from under way window slickers are given to purchasers of war bonds bought during the drive and the stickers say We bought extra war war loan cam skirmish French forces advanced 1000 yards to seize Sant Elia and also captured the hamlet of Valvori 2 miles farther northeast as the al lied arc tightened on Cassino sentinel of the valley pathway to Rome Patrols were active elsewhere 282 inhabitants and that number jresumably has shrunk with the calls of the armed forces But S6825 of the towns 510609 quota n the bond drive was raised jusf n admissions to the baskctbal game Admission for adults was a S25 war bond purchase while liigh school students had to bus SI worth of war stamps and grade school pupils 50 cents worth The alumni quintet took the high school into camp 3933 while the high school girls de feated a town team 2623 as tertainment dividends to the b buyers cargoe h quate logistic support and ships to bring them added To guarantee our succes requires the continous and un stinted purchase of war bonds Morgenthau declared that wer tishting a gang and a system tha would turn you and me into an and that were going I be sure this time that the cncm lays down its ideas as well as i arms paign More than 40000 volunteers fanned out over the state to help the state meet its quota In connection withthe opening of the campaign Gov B B Hick enlooper issued the following from the coas statement position from The peoplefof Iowa look upon high ground the 4th war loan campaign as an opportunity to do their share fully toward the attainment of military objectives now estab lished and announced by our mil itary leaders The year 1944 will see treat ilitary campaigns with great xpenditurcs of men and material ith great necessity that food mmunition guns planes tanks id equipment be ready and in lace at the right time We are asked to loan our joney through investment in war onds in order that our men and dmen in the armed services may ave this equipment We arc sked to do it now and to keep on ntil the victory is wonThis is ery little that we are asked to There is danger that optimism may prompt a slowing up in our ffort Reports are better but they vill continue to be better only be ause of full effort on our part lereat home The attack must not inly be continued but increased nd we have our part in that at ack Buy war bonds on the fifth army front and the allies continued consolidating re cent gains The Germans meanwhile quickly put last minute touches on their new line which from Cassino to Sant Elias runs along the west side of the Rapido in some places considerably back from the rivers bank on the slopes of Mt Castel lone Canadians supported by tanks launched an attack on the Adriatic flank on a 1000 yard front in the Tommaso area about a mile inland from the coast Despite stiff op Germans holding they made some gains which included a lootholc across a stream flowing into the sea At last reports the fighting was continuing with satisfactory results i The weather was fine but some what cloudy on the nth army front with sales blowing hard in the mountains In the eighth army front it was cold and clear in the coastal area but there were high winds and snow inland Aloft allied heavy and medium bombers smashed al enemy com munications andRAF Welling tons early Tuesday bombed the Pisa railway yards in bright moon light U S heavy bombers struck at rail lines at Prato Pontassicve and Arezzo between Florence and Rome medium bombers pounded railway yards at Chairavelle Vi terbo and Orte and fighter bombers hit docks nt Anzio and rail yards at Palo exile awaited as a possible way out of the most difficult predicament in which the lead ing united nations have yet found themselves The predicament How to gel two members back on speaking terms Despite Russias evident deter mination to play a lone hand in settling her border problems to the west there was some opti mism here that the reply to Sec retary of State Hulls offer an nounced Monday would be fav orable This was based on the fact tha the American offer extends only to the question of diplomatic re lalions and presumes no interven tion in the settlement of Po lands territorial dispute wit Russia On this point alone th state department obviously be lieves Moscow may be willing to accept the good offices of the 3rd nation One of the puzzling factors in the whole situation which Amer ican officials were at complete loss to explain was the publica tion by Pravda Monday of a An Associalefrf Press dispatch from Madrid meanwhile said Spanish sources denied Monday night that Nazi Foreign Minister Joachim yon Ribbentrop had been in Spain and termed Pravdas Cairo rumor that von Ribbentrop had discussed peace with 2 British officials on the Pyreneese peninsula as ridicu lous From Lisbon similarly an As sociated Press dispatch quoted British Greek and Jugoslav sources as disclaiming any infor mation of the rumored peace talks Allied diplomats there recalled there was no substantiation for previous rumors that von Ribben trop had been in Portugal The Daily Mail wfiose headline read Britain Kills Separate 5dayold meanwhile continued to rrilfor ward with the occupation ol 5 additional localities north and northeast of Novospkolniki rail junction on the line connecting VelikieLuki and Riga the old Latvian capital Town captured Monday said the Russian war bulletin included Kurova 7 miles northeast of Kiselevichi 10 miles to the north Alkhimovo 12 miles on the northeast and Sloboda 15 miles to the north The German high command said the Russians were attacking north and northwest of Nevel north of Lake Ilmen south of and south of Oranien Daiim with growing intensity Lie commented that the newspaper Pravda must be re markably ignorant of British na tional standards This is the only excuse we can find for it To the world at large the story carries its refutation on its face said the Manchester Guardian but what is not pleasant is that such slanderous accusation against Cairo report that 2 British of1 an aJJy should be circulated Town of Thor More Than Doubles Quota in 4th War Bond Drive Thor town of 264 population in Humboldt county more than doubled its 4th war loan quota by 11 oclock Tuesday morning Quota for the town was set at and by ll oclock S1458750 in war bonds had been sold The drive is not yet com pleted and 1 A Baumann war bond chairman anticipates an even greater total before evening WAR RISK RATES CUT London further improvement ip shipping condi tions a supplementary schedule ofwar risk rales dated Jan 17 re American Sh armytroopshave duced the quotation on cargoes captured Mount Trocchio and between north and central Amcri French units have taken Val ca and the Persian gulf from lerntonda and the 7Ji to 6V4 per cent allied front in Italy ficials had conferred secretly with German Foreign Minister Von Ribbentrop on feelers for a sep arate peace Pravda organ of the commun ist part and a voice of consider able authority in the soviet capi tal attributed the report to re liable Greek and Jugoslav sources The report was emphatically denied by British Ambassador Lord Halifax in Washington and by the British foreign office in London bnt diplomatic quarters questioned why if they was no truth in it Pravda obviously with official sanction would have pub lished it purely on a rumor basis One possible explanation tied in with the Polish affair was that the Russians were displeased with continued British efforts to seeka solution of a dispute which Moscow considers to be a domes ic issue and uscc this means of obliquely expressing its resent ment Another speculation was that the Russians were trying to force the British government into re affirming adherence to the un conditional surrender of Ger many on which all the great allies have repeatedly agreed among the Russian people The Daily Express owned by Lord Beaverbrook one of Rus sias best friends in Britain car ried no editorial A political cor respondent however wrote thai the rumor had been making the rounds in various forms since Prime Minister Churchill and For eign Secretary Anthony Eden con ferred with Turkish representa tives at Cairo But it was regarded as so fan tastic and so obviously intended to make mischief between the al Berlin broadcasts said the red irmy was using 250000 men on a 250milelong front below Lenin grad and acknowledged Russian breakthroughs north of Nevel north of Lake Ilmen and south west of Vitebsk White Russian base which has been under siege by Gen Ivan Bagramians Baltic army for weeks The red army communique made no mentiioii of the situation lower White Russia where Gen Konstantin Rokossovskys forces were last reported battling their way through the frozen Pri et marshland toward Pinsk 100 miles to the west Advance col umns of Vatutins right wing meanwhile operating out ot Sarny to the north along the Horyn river were said to be within 47 miles of Pinsk In the lower Ukraine Vatutins left wing repulsed fierce German counterattacks Monday the sov iet bulletin said Main fighting centered north of Uman 12 miles south of Yarovatka where the p I YANKS TAKE Report Not Passed by Cairo Censors Cairo Cairo dated stffry on the rumored Brit ishGerman separate peace meet ing emphatically was not passed by the Cairo censorship a respon sible source said Tuesday The Cairo censorship is Brit ishcontrolled Authorities in Lon don had expresesd doubt Monday that the communist papers article had pasesd this censorship The story was dated Jan 12 and pub lished Jan 17 It could Cairo by some means other than the normal censored routes Y lies that it was ignored1 he wrote When it received publicity in so influential a quarter as Pravda however the British government at once decided to deny it official ly and to bring this denial directly to the notice of the soviet gov ernment Other Red Papers Omit Rumors Moscow Izvestia official government newspaper nor Red Star official newspaper of the red army published Tues day the rumors from Cairo story about an alleged separate peace neeting between 2 British officials 26 was sentenced in dis and Joachim von Ribbentrop court to not morc than 10 Russians previously had cut the SmelaKhrislinovka railway a minor nazi escape route from the middle Dnieper bend Uman is 90 miles southeast of Vinnitsa where reinforced German lines have temporarily held up the red army spearheads The communique reported that on all fronts Monday 2300 Ger mans had been killed 1200 of them on the Leningrad front Gets 10 Year Sentence on Robbery Charges DCS Moiiics man foreign minister There was no editorial comment n cither Izvestia or Red Star about Mondays Pravda story which is still Tuesdays big news in Mos cow Pravda the official com munist party newspaper does not publish Tuesdays Ever since publication of the story the telephone of every for eigner here who has any Russian friends has almost rung off the desk with calls inquiring what it is all about Foreign diplomats expressed more surprise over why the Rus sians published the rumor than over what the rumor reported years in Fort Madison penitentiary by Judge O S FrankHn Judge Franklin pronounced the sentence after accepting Roachs plea oi guilty to robbery Roach confessed to participating in two Des Moines taxi driver holdups with William Hoelscher 19 fomier marine of ficerssaid Hoelscher was cap tured in a gun battle with city de tectives returned to Indiana on a charge of murdering a Chicago salesman and sentenced to life im prisonment Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your carrier boy ;