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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, January 17, 1951

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 17, 1951, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE T H I NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION umii VOL LVH Associated Pna WagjePrice Freeze Due in Few Days RollBack to Jan 1 Level Considered After Food Cost Rise Washington govern ment will order a general price wage freeze within the next 5 or 6 days a highlevel govern ment source reported Wednesday A rollback of prices to Jan 1 levels is under consideration this official said The decision was attributed to Charles E Wilson director of the office of defense mobilization He reportedly is convinced that neither voluntary nor piecemeal controls can stem the inflationary surge Valentine Ready Economic Stabilization Adminis trator Alan Valentine was re ported ready to carry out the acrosstheboard ceiling orders despite ESAs lack of enforcemenl machinery and staff There had been earlier predic tions that pricewage controls would be applied whenever the ESA mustered a staff able to handle the regulations These predictions were bul warked by the rise in food prices to the highest point in American history The ESA has been making prog ress toward gathering a staff to handle controls Here are key developments on the stabilization front 1 ESA employes rose to 450 an increase of 100 in the last 10 days 2 Work of opening field offices was rushed ESA officials said the 13 regional offices will be in business by Feb 1 some of them earlier And the regional offices will turn to the job of opening district offices as son as possible Max McCullough former OPA deputy administrator is organiz ing the field staff Leaders Chosen 3 Industry leaders were being chosen rapidly to head ESA commodity divisions such as foods chemicals consumer goods and forest products ESA officials said these men will be ready to move into their jobs at a mo ments notice 4 The bureau of labor statistics announced that the retail prices of 50 foods in 8 large cities have hit a new peak On Jan 2 the average of those prices stood at 2189 per cent of the 19351939 average During the two weeks prior to Jan 2 the price level had surpassed the former high of 2168 on July 15 1948 5 One government man whose influence was ex tremely important in blocking a 30day price freeze last told a reporter he is not against a freeze but is only against doing it now when the staff is still in adequate Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents a MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JANUARY 17 1951 This Paper Consists of Two One No 85 B36s Attempt Nonstop Flight Back to Texas Lakenheath England of Americas biggest the B36 capable of carrying the atom bomb 10000 at tempt to fly nonstop back to their base in Texas The 10engined giants touched down at this royal air force base Tuesday accompanied by 3 DC 124s the second biggest cargo carrier of the U S air force Air force officials took a crowd of newsmen and photographers on a closelyguarded tour of the giants Wednesday as they rested on the concrete apron beside B29s and B50s already stationed here Me teor jets kept up a constant air patrol over them Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and mild through Thursday Windy Thursday Low Wednesday night 32 High Thursday near 50 Iowa Partly cloudy and mild Wednesday night and Thursday Windy Thursday Light variable winds becoming southerly 2030 MPH Wednesday night Shift ing to westerly and diminishing late Thursday Low Wednesday night 30 to 35 High Thursday 40 north 50 south Further out look Partly cloudy and turning colcicr with diminishing winds Thursday night and Friday Low Thursday night 20 to 25 High Friday 28 to 35 Minnesota Partly cloudy with in creasing winds Wednesday night Thursday cloudy and windy with snow flurries and turning colder north portion Low Wed nesday nifiht near 20 north 30 youth High Thursday 2530 north 3040 south IN MASON CITY AP Wirephoto RIVER CLAIMS 3 of 3 men were removed from the car shown here after it had been pulled from the Mississippi river 10 miles below1 Muscatine early Wed nesday The 3 men were Junior Wheeler Port Louisa Otis When Illinois conservation officer and Sidney Snell uncle of When The car sank in 12 feet of water Tuesday eve ning The car was removed from the river by pulling it 200 feet under the ice Beardsley Urges Million Budget Without Tax Increase Des Moines William S Beardsley Wednesday asked the Iowa legislature to approve a a year state budget without boosting taxes adding new ones or going into debt The governors recommended spending of 3102461839 annually for each year of the biennium be ginning July 1 included an annual boost of for the general operation of state departments board of control and board of edu cation institutions and social wel fare programs It was however a year less than the heads of those departments had asked The budget was divided into two main sections One of annually covered the general state depart ments state schools and welfare programs for which the legislature customarily makes appropriations every two years These are often referred to as the controllable ex penditures The other annually covered certain standing appropri ations which are a matter of law and are more or less automatic ally continued from year to year without specific appropriation bills seing passed for them The highway commission road jrogram supported by special tax arrangements also is not a part of the budget The governor also distributed he detailed biennial budget book t showed estimated appropriable for the two fiscal years beginning July 1 1951 and July 1 1952 The governor estimated receipts for the 1st of the two years at and at for he 2nd of the two years S37 Million Balance He estimated the treasury bal ance as of next July 1 at 670345 This includes the 000000 rainy day fund set up in the treasury by the 1949 legis lature at Beardsleys request Thus this legislature has the plus the revenue of the next two fiscal years available for appropriations This compares with a treasurysurplus of ap proximately available to the 1949 legislature plus the revenue of the last previous and the current fiscal years Despite the sharp reduction in funds available the governor re iterated his declaration against any new taxes or any increase in taxes Out of the will have to come needed to com plete payment of the bonus to Iowa veterans of World war II Out of the surplus was taken S50000000 o help sup ply the which pre viously Went for payment of bonuses The rainy day fund also came out of the 000000 surplus No Deficit Spending In his budget message the gov ernor said A sound budget limits ex penditures to cvrrcnt income Deficit spending is undesirable at any time and it is most ceitnin ly unwise in n period of economic expansion and growth Likewise the incurring of pub lic debt in a period of economic necessity of keeping Iowa strong and said At this time especially be cause of greatly increased federal taxes and the increased cost of federal government we must avoid burdening the citizens of Iowa with any additional or un necessary tax levies Recommendations Beardsley then recommended Appropriation of an nually for the next biennium for support of administrative depart ments an increase of ove the amounts made available pe year for the departments in th current twoyear period Appropriation of per year for board of control institu tions an increase of Appropriation of an nually for board of education in stitutions an increase of 141 Appropriation of a year for the state board of socia welfare an increase of The increase would provide an additional a year to mato aid to dependent children pay ments on a 100 per cent basis Also it would supply an additiona a year for old age as sistance to meet anticipated in creases in the rolls and higher costs of living School Aid Appropriation of an nually for state aid to schools the same amount as presently How ever this figure does not include the a year which has been going to the agricultural lane taxcredit fund The governor did not mention this fund in his budget Appropriation of a year to support the state soil conserva tion committee in full and county wide soil conservation districts in part an increase of The governor made no mention of specific appropriations for building improvements But he explained Because of the present build ing conditions and restrictive or ders of the federal government I have made no specific recom mendations for capital improve ments GlobeGazette weather statistics expansion is fraught with danger for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m to future financial stability Maximum 40 Beardsley said the state must Minimum 8 continue the policy of levying no At 8 a m 18 tate property tax He pointed out in this connection that a large por YEAR AGO tion of state revenue goes to re Maxirnum 21 lieve local property taxes Minimum 7 The governor referred lo the A F Enlisting Comes to Halt Washington its in doctrination centers are jammed following heavy volunteering the air force has virtually halted en listments except by men with pre vious air force service Announcing this Tuesday night a spokesman said it is hoped the suspension can be lifted about Feb I Besides accepting personnel with previous experience the air force is also continuing to accept appli cants for the womens air force and young men who have been appointed to aviation cadet courses for pilots and navigators Both the navy and air force have reported heavy enlistments recently Early in January both limited volunteers to about 1000 a day FARM BOY DROWNS Clarinda Powers 11 son of Mr and Mrs Ralph Powers who farm 6 miles north west of here drowned when he fell through the ice into a creek near his home while returning from school Will Return Badrnan Cook to Oklahoma San Diego Cal E Cook accused kidnaper and sus pected slayer of 8 persons will be returned to Oklahoma from her to be prosecuted on federal kid naping charges The department of justice in Washington announced Tuesday night that Cook 23 year old ex convict captured in Mexico afte a twoweek international man hunt will be tried on a charge o kidnapingthe Carl Hosier familj of Atwood 111 The federal charge known a the Lindbergh law carries a possi ble death penalty U S Attorney Ernest Tolin a Los Angeles said he had agreed to the transfer of custody and was merely awaiting the warrant for Cooks return to Oklahoma Cook also has been sought by police in Joplin Mo where the bodies of the Mosser family were recovered from a mine shaft The Mossers all of whom had been shot are suspected victims of Cook Cook is in isolation in an upper floor cell at the county jail where he was taken following his depor tation from Mexico Monday anc his arraignment here on federa charges of kidnaping and flight to avoid prosecution for murder and robbery Sheriff Bert Strand said Cooks attitude is one of moodiness or in difference He sits staring into space or takes naps said Strand He is not cooperative but he hasnt given us any trouble A physician said Cook was re covering rapidly from dysentery contracted during his flight through lower California Mexico Canadian Warns of Paper Shortage Buffalo If Y news print shortage may force Amer ican newspapers to ration adver tising and pay higher prices for paper in 1951 a spokesman for the Canadian newsprint industry warned Wednesday R M Fowler president of the Newsprint Association of Canada said Canadian newsprint manu facturers probably couldnt keep up with demand because of a la bor shortage brought on by ex panding defense projects He said an American govern ment price freeze on newsprint will not work American publish ers might as well face the facts Towler said at a meeting of the lew York State Publishers asso ciation He said defense projects had aken up the slack in unemploy nent in Canada and hinted that he price of newsprint boosted a ton late last year might soon be raised again SPARKMAN TO SPEAK Des Moines John Sparkman will be one of the speakers during the two day national farm institute in Des Moines Feb 1617 Sports Bulletin CHARGE BASKETBALL FIX New York former Manhattan college basketball stars and 3 alleged gamblers were arrested Wednesday on a charge of fixing 5 games In Madison Square Garden last season and attempting to fix one Tuesday night Big Casualties Inflicted on Chinese by UN Army Red China Rejects Washington Secretary of State Acheson announced Wednesday that the Chinese communist counterproposal for a Korean settlement is unac ceptable to the United States government London China Wednesday night rejected the latest United Nations ceasefire proposal for Korea and offered a set of counterproposals a Peiping broadcast announced Wednesday night The counter proposals include a suggestion for a 7nation confer ence including communist China the Soviet Union the U S Britain France India and Egypt The Chinese proposed that rep resentatives of these nations meet on Chinese territory Withdrawal Demanded The Chinese reds demanded that the U S withdraw all military and naval units from the Formosa area The island is the last strong hold of Chiang Kaisheks nation alist government At the time of the Korean outbreak President Truman sent U S naval units to neutralize the island and prevent the spread of the conflict The broadcast recorded here by teleradio listed these counter proposals A Negotiations among the na tions concerned must be conduct ed on the basis of the withdrawal of all foreign troops from Korea Internal affairs of Korea must be settled by the Korean people themselves Troopson Formosa B Any discussions must in clude withdrawal of United States troops from Formosa as well as withdrawal from Formosa strait While American warships are in Formosa strait the United States has said it has no troops on For mosa C Nations taking part in the negotiations must be communist China Russia Britain the United States France India and Egypt The legitimate status of commu nist China in the United Nations must be established U S to Press for Aggression Brand Lake Success diplo mats began hurried consultations Wednesday on a Peiping broadcast saying communist China had re ected their latest ceasefire ap peal A meeting of the UN 60nation jolitical committee probably will 3e called Thursday to consider the Informed sources said the United States delegation was ready to press immediately for ap proval of its plans to condemn red Ihina as an aggressor The J S plan has been ready for more han a week but was held up to give the Peiping regime another hance to accept a truce Delegates were not surprised at he reported rejection but were eluctant to comment before they aw the text of the Peiping note AP Wirephoto KOREAN SITUATION WEDNESDAY surprise at tack by UN troops on Suwon from two sides A caught the Chinese napping Half of the garrison was annihilated Other allied forces which entered Osan and Kumyangjang withdrew to the south In the Wonju area B the reds were digging in while allies were establishing new posi tions in the Chunju sector A heavy bomb load was dumped on rail yards at Kaesong blast A F Readied for Quick Retaliation If U S Hit By LEIF ERICKSON Tokyo Hoyt S Vandenberg said Wednesday the air forces likely would be able to strike back quickly against any unheralded air assault against the United States mainland Even in undeclared war the air force chief of staff told a news conference there would be certain indications which if properly utilized French Premiershould put us in a positiOR to to Visit Truman for 2Day Talk By JOHN SCALJ Washington Rene Pleven of France will come t Washington Jan 29 for a twodaj policy conference with Presiden Truman The state department saic Pleven suggested the conference and that Mr Truman welcome him to confer on important ques tions of mutual interest Informed government official said Pleven wants to discuss cole war strategy particularly th problems of and western French Indochina European rearma Introduced ntending to Solve ake Pollution DCS Moines bill intended o help solve the water pollution roblems in the Iowa great lakes rea at Clear Lake and other akes was introduced in the state enate Monday The bill provides legal machin ry for the creation of sanitary istricts and would have general pplication throughjut Iowa Senator Harry Watson R anborn and 5 other senators in roduced the proposal Watson explained that the Iowa real lakes already have a sani ary district which would be able o function if the bill is enacted The principal problem ho said ll be to work out a method for air assessment of all lands on the kes to provide for needed scw ge disposal improvements The 11 sets up legal procedure under hich the sanitary district could sue long time bonds which would e paid off through tax assess ments Watson said that he lives in the area and he regards its as mainly a local problem in which the state should pay only a higher assess ment along with all other prop erty owners The assessments to maintain such districts would be based on the benefits derived from it ra ther than on the assessed value of the property involved I ment Presumably too the agen da will include discussion of the atomic bomb During similar talks with Brit ish Prime Minister Attlee early in December Mr Truman promised to keep Britain at all times in formed before he would make a decision to use the atomic bomb The announcement of Plevens forthcoming visit came as a sur prise even to the French embas sy here Such a visit had been rumored two weeks ago but American and French officials said they knew of no such plans Frances President Vincent Auriol also is planning a visit to the United States Accompanied by Mme Auirol he will make a good will trip as a guest of President Truman probablv durins of March 28Apfil 3 the week EC A Extension Opposed by Hickenlooper Washington Hick enlooper RIowa took sharp issue Wednesday with President Trumans plan to continue the economic cooperation administra tion beyond its scheduled June 1952 expiration date He also joined with two other members of the senate foreign re lations Lodge RMass and George in asking that Mr Truman spell out in full detail his propoved foreign economic and military aid program Hickenlooper told a reporter he could see no reason whatsoever for any extension of ECA which has administered the Marshall aid program for western Europe The president asked that ECA be ex tended not for further Marshall plan aid but to administer for eign economic programs now be ing blueprinted retaliate almost immediately He explained that a longrange air attack cannot be launched in stantly Back to Washington Vandenberg said he and Gen J Lawton Collins army chief of staff would return to Washington Wednesday night after their visits to the Korean front He was asked if the United States being a democracy likely would not be hit a surprise air attack if a communist enemy un dertook direct assault on the United States He answered Yes probably The general then asked corre spondents if they wanted him to go on and expand that cryptic twoword answer Vandenberg said it was an force maxim that offense was the best defense The against whole proof an enemy of defense power is attrition and destruction on the other end Vandenberg said The American strategic air force is small but very efficient Just Beginning said the socalled 1adar He fence guarding air approach to the United States was just going in He contended there was a point of diminishing returns in spending for air defense and in terceptors At Britains best in the air bat tle for Britain the British never knocked down more than 8 per cent of raiding German bombers The Germans never were able to mock down more than 4 per cent Vandenberg said the goal of Americas air defense system was o achieve a 20 to 30 per cent loss ratio against attacking aircraft But this would be extraordi nary he added Vandenberg had just conferred with General MacArthur before lis news conference The UN com mander told Vandenberg the far east air forces were a veteran professional outfit doing a mag nificent job in Korea Allies Hold Firmly to 3 Outposts By OLEN CLEMENTS Tokyo tankin fantry raider teams held firm ly Wednesday to 3 western Korean outposts within strik ing range of 120000 Chinese red troops The scouting forces are on the 3rd day of a mission to test the enemy strength south of Seoul They ran into their tough est fight Tuesday at Suwon The U S army chief of staff Gen J Lawton Collins watched allied tanks troops and warplanes rout a 1000 man red garrison force there CJose to Seoul Suwon is 17 air miles south of Seoul and closer still to the mass ing area of 3 Chinese armies south of the Han river and the old Ko rean capital The allied raiders swept into Suwon allied warplanes strafing the fleeing 500 casualties in an hourlong skirmish On the central front a spokes man said allied forces still occu pied Yongwol 30 miles southeast of Wonju Collins saw the Suwon fight on his tour of Korean battlefronts He and Gen Hoyt S Vandenberg U S air forces chief of staff are leaving for Washington Wednes day night after their battlefront tours and conferences here with General MacArthur Around the Clock Vandenberg told a Tokyo news conference allied air power aimed to hit the reds and 4heir supply lines around the clock The air general just back from Korea said the day and night air raids are making it difficult for the reds to move supplies to the front over lengthening lines of com munication Their supply problem will get tougher as the communists move further south Vandenberg said But he said there was one draw back The airplane is an ineffi cient weapon against the individ ual soldier Communist troops can move south along mountain trails or at widely spaced inter vals on main roads Two other Washington Penta gon generals visited the front Wednesday They are Lt Gen Walter Bedell Smith central in telligence agency chief and Maj Gen Alexander R Boiling U S army intelligence head All 4 arrived in Tokyo Sunday for highlevel conferences and on thespot views of the Korean war Surprised An AP field dispatch said lead ing attack columns swept on Su won from two directions and mowed down many of the sur prised Chinese in the open Some were caught without their guns They came scurrying like rats out of houses in all directions a lieutenant said Then 10 allied tanks took up the fight inside the city Their guns blazed at red hideouts for an hour We knocked out their machine guns with tanks and hit their fox holes said with mortars a captain Many of them never Try Truth Serum on Patients Dallas Tex is the truth aid a dentist truth serum is bet er than laughing gas to make a jatient amiable Dr Joy Roy Bourgoyne de HOUSE VOTES CARRIER Washington h o voted approval Wednesday for the navy to build a giant aircraft car rier capable of launching planes carrying the atom bomb cribed the results of the use of odium pentothal the real name f truth at a dental clinic uesday The University of Ten essee oral serum leaves rather carefree state of mind surgeon said the patient in SAME no death In M Issars reached their got them while they were running to them They threw a lot of stuff at us but they didnt hit a single man We nearly caught them with their pants down Allied planes hit the town as the ground force withdrew They rocketed and machinegunned troops on rooftops and Chinese fleeing north out of Suwon Id say the Chinese had 500 men killed in all a colonel esti mated Other allied scouting forces which had entered Osan 28 air miles south of Seoul and Kum yangjang 25 air miles southeast cf the old Korean capital with drew by plan at dusk Tuesday to positions just south of the two towns A blanket censorship imposed since noon Tuesday prevented the location by name of corps divi sional or lesser units A security clampdown usually means a shifting in troop positions B29s Working Air force and navy planes pounded the enemy B29 super forts of the far east air forces blasted Kaesong and Chongju Wednesday with 176 tons of ex plosives Kaesong a few miles south of parallel 38 is a rail and highway junction Chongju is in northwest Korea on the main red supply line from Manchuria Wave after wave of B29s hit the rail yards at Kaesong and CUongju in clear weather Pilots said the raids were successful ;