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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, January 17, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 17, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH lOWAJ DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME 1945 THE NEWSPArEK THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS I VOL LI AIM tad Untied Fran CuU low Copyl MASON CHT IOWA WEDNESDAY JANCAMT 17 1945 Papet at Two On NO 86 ANNOUNCE LIBERATION OF WARSAW Sixth Army Merges to Sweep Toward Manila EXPECT TO TAKE TARLAC EASILY Lack of Bridges Causes Speeding Yanks Trouble General MacArthurs Headquar ters Imon strong sixth army column have merged near Paniqui 36 miles inland and are sweeping south across the Luzon plains toward Tarlac and Manila virtually unopposed a front dis patch said Tarlaca provincial capital and strategic communications hub only 12 miles south of Paniqui was expected to fall without a fight and speculation was growing the Japanesemight not even at tempt a strong defense of Manila 65 miles farther south H D Outer United Press war correspondent with forces on the Luzon plain said the two columns joined forces near Paniqui after advancingfrom Moncada four and a Half miles to the north and Camiling 11 miles to west north west Lack of bridges was causing more difficulty than enemy op position in the frontal advance on Tarlac Qiugg said He said the Americans may use the roadbec of the narrowgauge railway run rning from Moncada as the road bed for a new highway to Manila Five highways merge at Tariac arid its capture would put the Americans only 20 miles from the Clark field air center and almost half way from theUn gayeri gulf to Manila bay ThougH there was no sign Bad Weather Continues on Italian Front Rome UR Indian troops ghting their way out of an am ush at the west flank of the 8th rmy killed 10 Germans and cap ured 10 more in the days biggest ction on the Italian front head uarters said Wednesday A communique reported active atrolling on both the 8th and 5th irmy fronts despite poor visibility An American patrol of the 5th rmy probed enemy positions di ectly south of Bologna but was orced to fall back under intense nemy fire Bad weather curtailed auf oper tions Japanese preparations stani ijbrth the enemy wa offering tack at the the bridgehead Francis McCarthy United Press war correspondent in the north eastern sector said enemy rests tance was stiffening steadily in th area and there appeared Lttl doubt that tbe Japanese woul make a lastditch stand to retain control of the road running from Damortis en the southeast coas of the Gulf of Ungayen to th summer capital of Bagnio 1 miles to the northeast Brisk fighting was raging les than 1400 yards east of Damorti he said but the Americans wer killing at least six Japanese to ev ery Yank lost in the northern sec tor A Japanese Domei dispatc said American convoys consistin of 50 transports with escorts cruisers and destroyers had bee attacked heavily by Japanes planes south of Negros Island i the central Philippines Most enemy troops encountere in the frontal advance have bee of poor quality largely from la bor battalions and a considerab V i p B29S STRIKE JAP FORMOSA IN DAY RAID Carrier Planes May Have Continued Assault of South China Coast Pearl Harbor Super ortresses bombed military instal ations on Formosa in daylight Wednesday after carrier planes wrecked at least 30 and perhaps 00 or more Japanese ships off that island bastion and the China lumber surrendered None offered any organized resistance Casualties on both sides have been very Tight the Americans lumbering only a few hundred espite the stiff Japanese resis ance at the northeast corner of he beachhead Tbe Japanese ap peared to be hoarding their main orces in northern Luzon aiic smaller numbers in the southern lart of island until they can e used to best advantage Inaddition to driving south from Camiling the Americans also were advancing east toward Mon cada in an effort to form a solic 12mile front Moncada lies 32 miles inland from the Lmgayen gulf beachhead American patrols were revealei o be operating in the Cabaruan lills which though only 100 to 15 eetjtaUcommandthe surround ing rice arid cane fieldsJapanese inortars and snipers emplacedl ii the tiflls had firedon the advanc iiag the northeastern corner p the beachhead othrr forces re pulsed the enemys first tan counterattack Sunday night an pressed on to within 3000 yard of Fozorrnbio miles east o San Fabian Three Japanese tanks were destroyed and the remainde fled Farther north troops opened an envelopment drive against enemy forces in the Bosario area One unit east of the coastal town of Damortis 8 miles north of San Fabian cut the main road in the enemys rear 3 miles west of Ro sario Heavy fighting continued American forces 5 miles south of Pozorrubio cut Luzons princi pal northsouth highway for a 2nd time at Binalonan The highway previously had been severed at Urdaneta 5 miles farther south coast in a 3 day assault Report Total of 686380 Combat Losses Washington S combat losses thus far in this war have been more than 2V times the total number of American casualties in the last war a study of official statistics disclosed Wednesday Allservice casualties in World war II as officially announced here have reached cluding 604351 for the army and 82029 for the navy marine corps and coast compared with a grand total of 259735 for World war I The last wars total included 248653 for the army and 11082 for the other services The totals cover about 3GV5 months of V S participation in this war and 19 months in the last That this is the costlier conflict not alone because it is lasting longer is indicated by a comparison of monthly casualty rates In this war the rate figures out at 18805 a month In World war I it was 13670 Millions more men are lighting in this war than in the last one Although the casualty totals are much higher the ratio among It was possible that planes of army troops overseas is the same Admiral William F Halseys 3rd leet extended their attacks on the I Formosa China coast area into a 4th day in conjunction with the B29 raid Both Superfortresses and carrier planes attacked For mosa last Sunday and on Jan 9 A brief war department an nouncement in Washington dis closed the latest Superfortress strike mounted by Maj Gen Cur tis Le Mays 20th bomber com mand from bases in China Though no details were available immedi ately it was likely the B29s struck at airfields supply dumps and similar military targets First reports from the 3rd fleet covered only preliminary results of the 2nd and 3rd and Tuesday Japanese the carrierbased assault on For mosa and the China coast where targets included Hong Kong Can ton andSwatow v On Monday a Pacific fleet eom mnniqrie said the nav flyerssauJc tons EXTKA VACATION Montrose Colo pupils of the Riverside schooi near Montrose are the happy recipients of a 2weeks vacation Their schoolhouse burned down uicJUfrYJ 9 ships totaling aboiit and damaged 9 other ships and 9 small vessels Another 82000 tons bfshipping was sunk or damaged Tuesday including the 17000 ton tanker Kamoi last seen listing and 2 oilers set afire the communique said Though only 30 ships were iden tified specifically in the commu lique the large toll of tonnage isted forY Tuesday indicated the lumber of ships hit during the 48 lour period actually totalled be ween 60 and 70 Observers believed that when igures are received for Sunday he 1st day of the attack the otal number of ships hit may ex ceed 100 Eightyrseven planes were de itroyed or damaged Monday and Tuesday Twentythree were shot down 19 destroyed on the ground and 45 damaged on the ground Ground installations also were nit heavily Warehouses docks and 7 locomotives were destroyed at Takao Formosa while build ngs ammunition dumps and other installations were destroyed or damaged at Pratas reef southeast 12 casualties out every 100 men Soldiers now overseas num ber about 5000000 as compared with 2086000 at the end of World war I The sharpest increase over the last war was reflected by navy statistics showing losses in that branch to be nearly times those suffered in The armys World war II total includes 564351 announced by Secretary War Henry L StimT son last Thursday through Dec 29 but not including losses in the Germans Ardennes counterof fensive plus 40000 which Stim son announced Monday for the Ardennes from Dec 15 to Jan 7 Stimson said 18000 of the 40000 were missing but he did not break down the remaining 22000 be tween killed and wounded The navy total used here for this war was released last Wednesday night The World war I figures are from war FIJI FIGHTERS REACH a 5day march 3 advance scouts of the Fiji regi ment attached to the U S marines reach Bougainvilles western beach British Troops Enter Dieteren Near Border WHERE YANKS EXPAND their Luzon beachhead U S 6th army troops have driven to near Alaminos on the west and through Damortis on the east Genera MacArthur has reported Pushing inland other Yanks took Mangatarem crossed the Agno river at Bayambang and approached Catablan Broken line is the aoproximate battle front ijartment announcements 5 A breakdown of casualties for bo thTwarsv not the 49 000 estimate for the Ardennes shows T This 138393 killed 370647 wounded 73594 missing and 63 746 prisoners of war Last 53878 dead 201377 wounded and 4480 prisoners The breakdown for the army and navy still not including the 10000 Ardennes casualties shows YANKS NEARER TOST VITH Third Army Tanks Trap Troops Near Butzdorf Paris IP Bayonetwielding Britons of trie 2nd army drove World war killed 333849 wounded 64283 missing and 59 267 prisoners of war killed 36798 wounded 9311 missing and 4479 prisoners of war of Hong Kong Monday The royal navy and Taikoo docks at Hong Kong among the most valuable installations cap tured by the Japanese in their southward drive early in the war were damaged heavily Tuesday along with harbor facilities and fuel storage areas at both Hong Kong and nearby Canton The raid was the 1st carrier borne strike against Canton 90 miles from Hong Kong and the largest city in south China Swatow 175 miles north east of Hong Kong also was hit World war killed 193663 wounded and 1480 prisoners of war wounded killed and 7714 No navy or coast guard person nel were reported in the last war and any marine corps prisoners for which there are no official figures are believed to be included in the army total Per sons originally listed as missing in World war I have long since been transferred to other categories Heavy as this wars American casualties have been they still are far below British empire losses Prime Minister Winston Churchill reported in commons on Tuesday that empire combat casualties from September 1939 to last Nov 30 amounted to 1043534 Of this total 635107 were United King dom losses of Dieteren betwett the Maas Meuse and Hoer rivers 23 miles above Aachen in advances up to 1000 yards in a resumption of Gen Eisenhowers winter offensive The rested troops crossed the little Roode river at 2 places and pushed steadily on over glassy roads and snow drifted farmlands on the fringe of Germany The at tack was aimed at straightening the allied line to the upper Hoer whose west bank is held by the U S 9th army from Linnich to Schmidt The TJ S 1st army further re ducing the Belgian bulge drove to within 5 miles of St Vith last ma jor road center which the Ger mans held in the salient Inside Germany to the south ah undisclosed number of enemy troops were trapped near cnp lurcd Butzdorf by 3rd army tanks The British forces progressed in an icy ground haze Their attack started with a massive artillery barrage Fielc Marshal Montgomerys military trademark apparently caught the Germans napping The Tommies captured at leasi one bridge over the Roode intoc as they advanced ghostly in white capes through a relatively soft spo in German defenses British divi sions in the attack had not beei engaged in the batllc of the Bel gian bulge now reduced to about fourth its original size The little Dutch town of Die Is 2 miles from the German rentier and 6 north of Sittard Che British appeared to be driv ng toward the Koer river on the eft flank of the U S 9th army which guard its banks from Lin nich to Schmidt The fog which shrouded the at tack of infantry arid tanks also slowed the pfbgresi7of tfie Brit ish who could hardly see their buddies f along th assault line Roads were glazed with ice and sleet Wednesday morning kept them slippery Underneath all were massive German mine fields planted during 3 months of lull The attack presumably was in tended to straighten out a Ger man wedge into allied lines it was backed up overnight by intruder air raids on German billet areas in the towns of Wassemburg and Wegberg just east of the Roer To the south the German sal ient in the Ardennes was flat tened back until nowhere was it more than 15 miles deep The V S 1st army was battering relent lessly down from the north toward St Vith last main road gate back to the Siegfried line A few Ger man snipers were being hunted down in the rains of fallen Houf falize In the Maginot line battle north of the Haguenau forest the U S 7th army had withstood 3 days o an increasingly powerful German attack against the village of Hat ten andwas slowly beating the nazis back from the town Thrett fourlhs of it was in allied hands some 2200 Germans with flame throwing tanks were in the other fourth Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette FDR Renews Demand for Service Act Washington resident Rooseyelt renewing hisdemand lor national service legislation told congress Wednesday it is vitalthat total bffensershbuld not slacken v Mr Roosevelt accompanied his letter with 1 from top army and navy chiefs disclosing that person nel losses sustained by the army in the past 2 months have taxed the replacement E3rstem to the breaking point Mr Roosevelt asked for speedy action he said so that news may go to our lighting men that they can go all out with confidence that they cannot exhaust the supplies we are sending them and that in formation may come to our ene mies that there will be no slack ening of our total offense until they lay down their arms The urgent need of this legis lation has not lessened but has increased since the sending of my message he said While there has been a trend in the last 2 weeks toward in creased manpower placement he acknowledged there is danger that it may be reversed by reports that congressional action is likely to be delayed The measure pending in the house military committct is not a complete national service law Mr Roosevelt wrote but it will go far to secure effective employment in the war effort of all selective service registrants 18 to 45 Fur POLISH RADIO SAYS RUSSIANS TAKE KRAKOW Reds Admit Capture of Warsaw Claim New Drives in Poland London troops captured ravaged Warsaw Wed nesday in a pincers clamping in from north and south and a 3rd great breakthrough offensive abovethe liberated capital has smashed forward 25 miles on a G3 mile front Premier Marshal Stalin announced Wednesday night The newlydisclosed push is the 3rd distinct phase of Stalins gi gantic winter offensive in Poland Berlin declared another pile driver push has slammed into East Prussia that other Russians are advancing in Slovakia arid that yet other forces in southern Poland had reached Czestochowa only 15 miles Irora German Si lesia The Polish provisional govern ment at 1st an nounced the fall of in a broadcast heard by the FCC that Krakow seat of the German military government general in Poland and ancient Polish seat guarding the Silesian arsenal also had fallen Warsaw the first European capital taken by the Germans in his war was toppled by Marshal Gregory K Zhukovs powerful of fensive beating up from the south and then swirling behind the city slicing escape roads to the west His troops closed in from both di rections in concert with forces which forced the Vistula north of Warsaw The citys fall was an nounced by Marshal Josef Stalin in an order of the day Jumping off Sunday from 2 bridgeheads west of the river above Warsaw the 3rd treat Marshal Konstantin K Rokossovsky bat tered ahead 25 miles through strongly echeloned German de carrier boy though details nounced were not an Navy It Was Gen MacArthur Washington war de partment in a memorandum to the press Wednesday told of the embarrassment of a group of crewmen from a navy attack car go ship who served as a shore par ty directing unloading operations at a Leyte beachhead A signalman whose job was to keep the sector clear of other craft saw a small landing craft ap proaching Get that boat out of here he shouted The ship continued toward the beach It struck bottom 15 yards from the shoreline An army lieu tenants head appeared over the ramp Send a duck out to pick us up he called The assistant beachmaster shouted back in a truculent tone Walk in The waters fine The landing ramp dropped The first man to jump into the waistdeep surf was Gen Douglas MacArthur supreme allied commander in the south west Pacific TRUCK KILLS IOWAN Shenandoah Larson retired Burlington route bridge man died Monday of a skull frac ture suffered last week when struck by a truck Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Wed nesday night and Thursday with occasional light sntnv No de cided change in temperature Lowest about 20 at Mason City Fresh winds Iowa Cloudy with occasional light snow Wednesday night and in east and south portions Thurs day Not so cold in east and cen tral portions Wednesday night Slightly warmer Thursday Fresh winds Minnesota Cloudy with light snow Wednesday night and east por tion Thursday Slightly wanner and fresh winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 20 At 8 a m Wednesday 20 Precipitation Trace Snow Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 40 Minimum 10 NEW GERMAN DEFENSE POINTS Arrows show allied drives against the Belgian bulge where Germans were reported trying up a defense line based on St Vith Houffalize and Wiltz The U S 1st army captured Houffalize and came within a few miles of St Vith Allied forces from north and south made contact of Houffalize lopping off a small segment of the Ger man salient but only stragglers and a few suicide squads remained in the severed portion Broken line is front Shaded areas have been recaptured fenses sweeping up more 500 communities Stalin announced in a 2nd order of the day The great drive below Warsaw through Poland meanwhile had carried soviet vanguards within 27 miles of German Silesia rich in coal and steel Moscow dis patches said Berlin declared the soviet blows in southern and central Poland had not yet reached a peak Warsaw fell to the Germans Sept 27 1939 after a 20day siege which left the city in ruins But despite crushing gestapo methods and a huge Ghetto doom ing untold thousands of Jews un derground resistance never flagged through five years of occupation At the end of last July a soviet offensive battered to the Vistula at the edge of Warsaw and the un derground under Gen Tadeusz Konioroivski Bor rose asainsl tlie Germans in fullscale battle But their fisht became a tragic slaughter The Russians were stopped in the suburbs and the underground resistance was broken Oct 3 after a 6 day battle They had taken heavy toll of Ger mans but an eyewitness who escaped said 250000 Poles died in the uprising By Jan 15 it was estimated that 770000 of Warsaws 1300000 hermorc he said prompt action inhabitants hadbeen killed and s more important than perfecting hal fully 75 per cenl o thc s details Mr Roosevelt was asked at his news conference Tuesday about opposition expressed by CIO President Philip Murray to com pulsory manpower legislation The president inquired whether Murray had an alternative He was told that this alternative in volved a better use of voluntary methods Mr Roosevelt replied with firmness that he didnt think that would bring results He said that he would transmit report from army and navy heads along with a few words of his own While Mr Roosevelt did not go into details May predicted he would back his pending bill to penalize men in the IK to 45 age group who xvont take war jobs The May bill provides for in duction into army work units of recalcitrant draft registrantsCom mittee sentiment however favors fining them up to and put ting them in prison for as long as 5 years May said the president would leave the penal details to congress May declined to discuss details of what General George C Mar shall and Admiral Ernest J King heads of ihe army and navy told lawmakers at the white house Tuesday But he said it had con vinced them that action was ne cessary and that expanded opera tions in the Pacific and the Ger man counteroffensive in Belgium made it imperative to furnish more men and munitions at once per cent o the cap ital had been systematically de stroyed Warsaw is a railhighway hub with communications reaching in all directions over the Polish plains linking with msn routes between East Prussian and north cm Germany Berlin has reported soviet of fensives north of the capital which with the Moscowdisclosed wedges below the city had put Warsaw in danger of encircle ment Moscow was silent also on the Berlinreported soviet offensive Into East Prussia which thc Ger mans said had captured the for tress of Schlttssbcrg But Moscow dispatches gave this picture of red army break roughs below Warsaw Soviet vanguards are only 27 miles from German Silesia east of Rosenberg The upper flank of Marshal Gregory Zhukovs army is 23 miles south of Warsaw and red army men are 18 miles southeast of the German life artery the WarsawSilesia railway Czestochowa big Polish indus trial city near the Reich frontier lies 22 miles ahead of advancing soviet units Soviet units were fighting some JO miles from the outskirts Krakow The rail center of Radom 60 miles south of Warsaw had been seized and large German group ings were reported apparently caught in a pincers southeast of Radom The Russians arc not sparing ;