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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 17, 1944, Mason City, Iowa 1 COUP SAVE AM PAPER I Am AmmunitionFor Dont Waste or Throw Me Away THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION mm VOL L Associated Press and United Fmi Full Leased Wira Five Cents a Cory MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY 17 1944 This Paper Consists of Two SecUon NO S7 One Man s Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Masn Clly Sunday p m KHXO Hannibal Tesday na KSCJ Si BUZ City Wtannday m WSUI Clly Thitsay p n HOI Friday p m What Lies Ahead for Nations Defenders MOST Americans on the home front I am quite sure will agree that the best and most gen erous treatment our nation can ac cord its veterans of this war will riot be too much Later history may repeat itself We may prob ably will see another National I Economy league take shape tp cur i tail expenditures in the field of I veterans benefits But for the litime being thefe is a pronounced from thisquarter In this commentary I should like to consider with you some of the forms larid directions forthese veteran benefits suggested by eur trends and proposals While the exact blue prints if you as yet drawn there is an abundance of evidence in Washington and elsewhere that a generosity based I on grateful appreciation is going be the rule The one disturbing factor in the situation is that in their concern Iabont meeting the treat prob Ilem which will come with peace and general demobilizationour representatives in Washington will neglect the mustering out problem L that has already come into being I As a matter of fact thats exactly what IS happening now and the American Legion is making it a first order of business Since Pearl Harbor a very large number of fighting a million have been discharged many of them combatwounded men A nationwide survey by the Legion has revealed more than 1500 cases in which undue suffer ing has been brought to disabled 1 men and womenfollowing their return to civil life Claims filed in some instances as long as 8 months have not been settled The aver age delay has been found to be from 3 to 4 months IN THIS inexcusable period of waitmg for the benefits to which they are entitled under Hhe law left to shift foir themselves If they have no other income during this time they and their families are forced on poor relief mat ters how stand army and navy pay and family allotments stop on the day of discharge The Legion has asked those in authority to take immediate action to speed up settlements of these claims It has 1 offered its experience and facili ties as a liaison agency We stand adamant National Commander Warren Atherlon has i stated on our principle that the cost of rehabilitating the human wreckage of war is just as much la part of the cost of waging war las is the building of battleships planes or tanks and that it is a federal responsibility Red tape is I being cut and inefficiency is being I weeded put to speed building of I war weapons The same must be I done to speed rebuilding the vie 1 tims of battle The Legion has called for imi mediate corrective action and pre I sented a set of specific recom 7 HEMP PLANTS TO BE CLOSED IN IOWA IN 1945 Plantings to Be Made in 1944 for Only 4 Factories in State Seven of Iowas 11 hemp pro essing plants will be closed as soon as the 1943 croj has been milled it was disclosed Monday by Fred E Butcher Chicago president of War Hemp Indus tries Inc Plantings will be made in 1944 at 4 mills in Iowa Britt Eagle Grove Hampton and Grundy Center he stated The other 7 are at Mason Al gona Rockford Boone Humboldt laiva Falls and Traer The total number of mills op erating this year under the cor poration is 42 This has been re duced to 14 which will plant the 1944 crop to be processed in 1945 In addition to the 4 in Iowa there willbe3 in Minnesota 3 in Wis consin and 4 in1 Illinois There will be no planting in Indiana and Kentucky Butcher stated The announcement followed a meeting last week in Chicago be tween the head of the govern ments hemp program and the AAA goals committee Butcher explained that with defeat of the submarines in the Caribbean and control of the Mediterraneanby the allies the U S shortage of rope materials can be met to a large extent by importation of hemp from Central America and jute from the Mediterranean Hemp was planted in Iowa for the first time in 1943 to meet the shortage of rope fiber caused by the Japanese invasion of the Philippines The 11 Iowa plants to process the crop are nearing completion now They cost ap proximately S350000 each Minnesota plants according to Butchers announcement will be located at Mapleton New Rich land and Blooming Prairie those in Wisconsin at Cuba City Dar ien and DeForest and those in Illinois at Polo Shabbona Earl ville and Kirkland In Des Moines A J Loveland chairman of the Iowa AAA said all the plaints would continue to operate i 9 to 11 grown 1 ast year It r takes nearly a year to process hemp after it has been cut he explained Loveland said it had not been determined what would be done with the discontinued plants after that but it was the intention of thegovernment to them for some purpose which would con tribute to Iowa agriculture Some of them may be used for alfalfa drying plants tie added The hemp acreage for the state this year has not been determined Loveland asserted Puzzled by Prayda Rumor Report of Conference by 2 EnglishmenVon Ribbentrop BritisK Emphasize No Separate Peace to Be Made With Nazis By HENRY C CASS1DY Moscow published a Cairo report Monday that 2 Eng lish officials had conferred secret ly with German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop to find terms for a separate peace with Germany and added It is understood the meeting did not remain without results The Itline dispatch published at the top of Fravdas foreign news page under the heading Rumors From Cairo said the meeting had the aim of finding out the conditions of a separate peace with the Germans It toofc place in one of the sea coast cities of thePyrenees pen Spain or Por to the official communist patty newspapers re port The text of the dispatch Cairo Jan 12 By Special Correspondent of cording to information from re liable Greek and Jugoslav sources a secret meeting took place re cently in one of the seacoast cities of the Pyrenees peninsula between two English officials and von Ribbentrop The meeting had the aim of selves on many occasions against a separate peace than it did to the Russian purpose in giving the report circulation The original sovietB r i t i s h finding out the conditions of separate peace with the Germans It is understood the meeting did not remain without results Tass broadcast the report say ing the meeting was in a coastal town on the Iberian peninsula This was picked up by the Soviet Monitor in London from a Moscow longwave telegraph transmission It was not included in the usual news voice broadcasts There was no elaboration or comment on the dispatch British reaction to the Pravda story was to reiterate the repeated British declaration that no peace would be negotiated with the Ger mans without full accord of all the allies including the Russians and Americans agreement on joint wartime ac tioin against Germany and their later 20year alliance both pro vided that neither side would make a separate peace Piavdas dispatch amounted to an accusation that Britain at least was sounding out Germany on the possibility of a separate peace The concluding sentence that the secret parley did not remain without results carried for Rus sians the positive sense that it had at least partial success The dispatchstirredintense in terest and surprise among the Russian public but met with in credulity in allied quarters There were 2 interesting points about the dispatch 1 Although it appeared in the organ of the communist party i was not official and did not even bear the weight of a dispatch o the official hews agency Tass but was labelled plainly as from spe cial Balkan sources The newspaper itself labelled the story as among Rumors 2 The merefact of publication the story was of considerable importance at a time when the united nations appeared to have been indissolubly joined after the Moscow and Teheran conferences While Pravdas back page car REJECT OFFER MADE BY POLES Moscow Also Rakes Up Katyn Forest Mass Graves Charges London soviet gov ernment interpreting the Polish statement of Jan 14 as a rejection its offer to negotiate a new Russian Polish border on a Cur line basis emphasized Mon day it could not enter into offi cial negotiations with a govern ment with which diplomatic rela tions have been interrupted Moscows sharp reply also raked up the Katyri forest mass graves accusation by Nazi Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Goebbels last April with a reminder that Polish recognitionof the charge caused the diplomatic break Hard on the heels of this re sponse Moscow announced in an other broadcast that a Russian state commission now is invest Allies Lay Siege to Cassino Major Barricade to Rome A British name cannot spokesman whose be usedwas ried the Cairo story on separate peace negotiations the front displayed the Polish government statement asking the United States and Great Britain to ar range sovietPolish negotiations and the soviet reply that negotia tions with the preserit Polish gov ernment were impossible The sovietvanswer to the Poles contained3 points 1 The Polish statement consti tuted a rejection of the Curzon line 2 The Polish offer of negotia tions calculated to cause con fusion since the soviet union al ready has broken relations with the Polish government 3 These circumstances shewed gating murder of Polish of ficers and prisoners of war killed by German occupaHonists in the KalynSmolensk district Lt Gen Nikolai N Burdenko of the peoples commissariat of health the commission The group also includes the writer Alexei Tolstoi whose I demand vengeance account of atrocitiesin Stalino stands as one ofthe highlights in Russian war reporting and Metropolitan Niko lai of the Russian Orthodox church The Moscow broadcasts received the immediate attention of the Polish government which was ex pected to summon a cabinet meet ing during the day Some Poles in official circles who have been ITALIAN BOYS PITCH Joe Scydlowski of New Britain Conn supervises the activities of a road gang of Italian boys in Italy All volunteers the boys are paid by the U S government clined to regard the story lightly raising the question that it it inated in GairoVwhy wasj ii again that the exiled Polishad liriwillirtgto have and can news agencies as wettVas Pravda He expressed doubt that any such report passed the Cairo censorship In Washington the first reacr tion of officials was frank amaze ment that such a report should have been published in a paper which usually speaks with such authority as Pravda In a less au thoritative publication the report would have received little orno attention Concern ran less to anr possi bility of truth in the report since I mendations I streamlining One the of these is hospitalization I service another is adding to the I personnel of the veterans admin I islration still another is to pro vide muster out pay in amounts dependent on length of service I with a portion payable at dis charge and the balance within 30 to 60 days I Iljrelatigns4 the soviet British Declare Rumor Groundless London The British for eign office stated Monday night that there is no truth whatever in therumor published by Pravda that British officials had met with the Germanforeign minister to determine conditions fora sep arate peace Previously Lord Halifax Brit ish ambassador to Washington frankly pessimistic of reconcilia tion regarded Moscows tone as substantiating their fears that Russia is not willing to negotiate with the Polish goverhmentin exile in London under British American mediation The only ray of hope apparently was the fact that the Russians did not say flatly they would not re sume diplomatic relations with the exile government but it seemed likely that the latter would be restaftwato be accept to a move which Son of Mason City General Starts Unloading Army Vans Des Moities generals son with a GI haircut who doesnt like sitting around was unloading army trucksat Camp Dodge Monday as a forerunner to completion of the processing which will make him a full fledged air Tom MacNider son of Brig Gen and Mrs Hanford MacNider 61 Mason City who became 18 last Friday rep oiled at Camp Dodge Saturday and Monday was on his way through the induction procedure Tom filed his bid for a place in Omaha Hog Receipts Total 52000 Are in Nation Omaha became the uiuij ui LI mil 111 iuc icpuri aiuvc jsu ii vu the British have committed themI had said the same thing TITH congress reconvenedafter the holiday recess it is to be I pxpectcd that this whole matter will have first consideration along with and perhaps ahead of taxes and thesubsidy issue Along with the L e g i o ns recommendation there will be the proposal by Brig Gen Frank T Hines of the Veter I ens administration calling for a i flat S300 as mustering out pay for Bradley Heads US Ground Forces for West Invasion London Gen Omar N Bradley Monday was named senior commander of American ground forces for the invasion of western Europe preparations for which were entering the final stage all veterans in the service 90 days or longer with for those who have seen less service Mnstcrinsont pay Hines said will be useful to tide a mtn over until he gets home and finds a job It would not take care of full benefits he added What ever legislation yon pass now will probably have to be amended after I demobilization he said I dont see how yon can anticipate nou what the situation will be after the war The National Association of Manufacturers recommendation is for base pay up to S100 a month with full family allowance for the first 3 months following honorable discharge This proposal is a bit more generous than the Hines rec ommendation It is significant be cause it was from this general direction that the National Econ omy league recruited its principal strength in the period following the last world war Perhaps it re flects a new attitude and anew character of leadership Lets hope so 5 GI Joes Send to Gloria to Keep Wolf From Door London army newspa per Stars and Stripes expressed sympathy for New York heiress Gloria Vanderbilt Di Cocco Mon day in a front page story that told how 5 GI Joes had sent her to keep the wolf from Her door Under the headline Gloria starving or 3135000 is sent 2 GI bucks for a a nickel for coffee the article related how 5 enlisted men of the U S Blh air force collected and sent her S205 after reading the glamour girls court difficulties She allegedly had found trouble in living on her allotment ofjsion forces followed by a few J135000 by a New York surrogate I hours the disclosure thai Eisen hower he allied generalissimo lad arrived here Speculation re eased by the swift developments evolved aronnd the probability hat the allied armies would open he final assault on Germany with n 3 months held his first press conference Monday frankly dis cussing with American and British correspondents the prob ems facing the allied command asked them to cooperate with folio wing the arrival of Dwight D Eisenhower at the su preme headquarters of the allied expeditionary force The announcement of the ap pointment of Bradley United States army corps commander in the Tunisian and Sicilian paigns made clear that he was not necessarily the chief of all American ground forces a posi tion still subject to speculation The emergence of Bradley as a ranking commander of the inva court plus the army pay of her husband Lt Pat Di Cicco CONGRESS also has before it the recommendation o President I YEAR AGO Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and mild Monday night and Tuesday lowest Mon day night in Mason City 10 above fowa Partly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday no decided change in temperature Monday night slightly warmer Tuesday Minnesota Partly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday warmer northwest and north central portions Monday night warmer south and cast portions Tues day IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 40 Minimum Sunday night 10 At 8 a m Monday 11 YEAR AGO Maximum 18 Minimum 18 Precipitation 02 Snowfall 25 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 40 Minimum Saturday night 18 At 8 a m Sunday 23 Roosevelt based on a report of a committee appointed by him from CvnUnned on Page 2 Maximum Minimum Precipitation Snowfall 15 backdrop of a huge wall map oE LT GEN OMAR BRADLEY Wtter the PoHsh cabinet The soviet statement replying to the Polish note of Friday which asked BritishAmerican help in bringing Poland and Russia to gether referred to the diplomatic break as caused by the Poles ac ceptance of Goebbels charges and declared the graves were filled by German occupationists Earlier last week had offered to negotiate the border problem on the basis of the line drawn in 1819 after the first World war by an allied commis sion headed by Viscount Curzon British foreign secretary By this suggestion Russia would retain most of the contested territory but at the same time Moscow urged that Poland expand westward taking certain German territory In the Polish declaration the question of the recognition of the Corwm line as a sovietPolish frontier is entirely evaded and ignored which can only be in terpreted as a rejection of the Cnnon line said the Moscow statement distributed Monday by the news agency Tass Although asserting that the present Polish government does not wish to establish good neigh borly relations with the soviet union the new Moscow declara tion did not say flatly that Rus sia was unwilling to talk with a reconstituted Polish government the army air corps last January I largest in the nation i H0gs Oli saie numbered 52000 breaking by a margin of approxi mately 50 per cent the previous record of 36457 received on Jan GET TO RAPIDO RIVER BANK IN HEAVY ATTACK Flying Fortresses Hit Messerschrnitt Factory at Klagenfurt Austria By AYES GALLAGHER Allied Headquarters Aljiern along a 30 mile front American and French troops of Lt Gen Mark W Clarks 5th army reached the steep banks of the Rapido river which runs through Cassino have Begun battering assaults on the GustaV defense line main barricade to Rome allied headquarters an nounced Monday The exact penetration where American troops finally pushed up to the Rapido which runs almost due north and south at Cassino was not announced Previously however U S infantrymen had stormed and captured Ml Troc chio the last high ground before Cassino whose peak is but 2 miles rom the town and it was pos ible that they had thrust on down the slopes to Cassino itself The French of Gen Alphonse Juin also smashed through pre cipitous hills and mountains in the spiny Apennines to reach the upper Rapido having previously captured the village of Cardito and another of the many Mt Croees which dot the Italian terrain At Cardito and Mt Cibce the French were 9 to 10 miles north of Cassino and only slightly east Lower downthe line however where they had reached to with in 2 miles of the mountain village of Sant Elia they were but 5 miles from Cassino The Rapidos high banks haye been converted by the Germans him as they did in the Mediter ranean theater to make the com ng invasion a total effort Eisenhower talking against the United States army m the field the Eisenhower and would be FR Lost 10 Pounds From Attack of Flu Washington esid en t Roosevelt who has been recover ing slowly from the flu has lost about 10 pounds His normal weight is around 185 pounds Presidential Secretary Stephen Early said the chief executive still had some bad days whenhe has a letdown The presidents phy sician has asked Mr Roosevelt to take things easy for a time and again Monday the president was keeping his appointments in his white house study W of delayjinvolving his birth certi ficate he was not admitted to the air force enlisted reserve until last March During the interim an af fidavit on the dateof his birth 3 required the signature of his fath er who was on duty with General Douglas MacArthur in the South Pacific All Tom needed to make him a member of he same army in which his father attained promi nence were the shols the uniform and the reading of the articles of war which will come sometime Tuesday After that can put me on K P duty any time Mac Nider said Meanwhile between steps in the army routine he was on such details as unloading trucks Tom had a letter from his father recently which said Make up your mind to like army life and you will General MacNider Tom re vealed was in Australia late last week for treatment for an eye wound received during the Buna campaign in the New area He was standing beside a river in the front lines Tom disclosed A Jap threw a hand grenade across the river U killed the sol dier who was standing beside dad and a piece of shrapnel pierced liis eye Tom said he had found that the son of a famous soldier is not nec essarily in an unusual position be The total count of hogs Monday was approximately 56000 includ ing hogs billed direct and those shipped through to other points Chicago normally the nations number one market had 10000 hogs on sale and a lota count of 53000 head The hog pens were filled and the animals overflowed to the cat tle division A prompt appeal VMS made by the livestock marketing committee to farmers to refrain from ship ping additional hogs to market until Thursday Adolf Hitlers fortress Europe the opposite number of Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomery com mander of British ground forces for the western front The highest sources however emphasized that his ranking as a senior commander did not mean necessarily that he would be the chief of he American forces aground Bradley as the commander of the United States army 2nd corps in the final stages of the Tunisian campaign He took over that command from Lt Gen George S Fatten when the corps was shifted from the central Tunisian front to north Tunisia and led the Americans in the final drive which crushed distinguished himself strode about the floor of the office lie once occupied as commander inchief of Americans in the Eu ropean theater Throughout his conference it was apparent that Eisenhower values above everything the de velopment of the sort of teamwork between the British and Ameri cans for which his command of the Mediterranean theater was noted Eisenhower fresh from confer ences with the commanders who will serve under bin was under stood ta be delighted with the talent selected to carry oat his orders He had conferred in north Af rica with Prime Minister Winston Churchill and in Washington with area President Roosevelt as well as Subsequently Bradley com with ranking officers already at manded an American army corps headquarters here i under Paltons 7th army in Sicily The British Press association He is said to be one of the armys said it learned Ujat Bradley was t best infantry commanders axis rcsistapce in the Bizerte Tuesday Opening of Stores Not to Be Until 10 o m Mason Citys retail stores arc planning a special meeting Tues day morning at which all per sonnel will receive instructions on how to Back the Attack in the 4th war loan drive In order that employes mar attend the meeting to the stores will delay opening Tuesday morning until oclock Arrangements are being completed so that every sales person in every retail store can sen bonds and deliver them im mediately to the The store personnel will be asked to accept a quota of S2M each in the war bond sales campaign Doors of the Cecil theater will open at Tuesday morning for the meeting which will begin promptly at cause ot the prominence of his father From what Ive seen of the army it is damned democratic he declared I may bump into handicaps later on but I havent encountered any so far because my father is a general The men Ive met accept you for what you what your father is Tom Ievealed his brother Jack who will be 17 on Feb 21 has his eye on the marine corps He has another brother Angus 15 now attending Lake Forest 111 acad emy Tomis scheduled to report at Jefferson Barracks Mo Friday for the regular basic training of thearmy After that he will spend 5 months as an air cadet at a col lege His training in flying ac tually will begin about midsum Safety Ace Award to Be Monday Eve W Earl Hall managing editor of the Mason City GlobeGazelte will receive Ihc national safety councils safety ace award in a Blue network broadcast Mon day evening at oclock Best statipn over which lo re ceive this program is believed to be KXEL Waterloo at 1540 on the radio dial The award presentation was originally set for Jan ID but was postponed because of another program on the councils network into one of the main xrf their Gustav line It studded with guns weaponpits dugouts and traps as have the hills and rocky ledges behind it The Mediterranean iir war flared with increasing violence as flying fortresses hit the Ger man Messerschrnitt factory it Klagenfurt Austria 75 miles northeast of Trieste and 150 miles southwest of Vienna Lt Gen Ira C Eakeijs airmen in this theater thus joining with Britishbased American and allied air forces in the campaign to knock the German air force flat shot their way through a dozen rocketfiring fighters lo get at their objective and lett the fac lory slieds and railway sidings a bombscrambled mess P3B lightning escorts and for tress gunners got 4 of the enemy fighters After peering through the smoke and flame that covered the plant Sit Henry L Lain Hen derson Ky said There will be ample spare parts all over the own of Klagenfurt because I am sure we scattered the factory and its contents A German broadcast said dam age was caused but claimed that 18 allied planes were shot down in this and other actions in the Mediterranean theater The Klagcnfurt works is a sub sidiary ofthc Mcsserschmilt plant at Wiener Neustadl outside Vi enna which already has been at tacked from Jhis area Another group of fortresses spot Mr Hall was selected by the national safety council for this award because of his outstanding work in accident prevention as managing editor of the Globe Gazette and for his record as a leader in the safety movement in Iowa He was a founder of the Iowa State safety council in 1934 and served as its president for 5 years later serving as chair man ot the board In 1936 Mr Hall won the na tional C I T award for having written the outstanding safety editorial of the year and in 1941 he won a 2nd award in this na tionwide competition dumped loads of bombs on the airdrome at Villaorba 70 miles to the southwest in Italy while liberators smashed at Osoppo air drome in northern Italy and Zara harbor in Jugoslavia to slice down r German air strength and inter rupt their efforts in the Balkans At Zara 140 hits were scored in the target area Snow and rain squalls swept the mountain areas of Italy and on the 8th army front action wai limited to a push along the Adri atic coast for a short distance by Canadians and a brush between the Germans and an Indian pa trol at San Eusanio 4 miles in land There also was some ar tillery activity Eighteen enemy aircraft wera destroyed in Sundays operations Five allied craft are missing Apartment Building at Ames Destroyed by Fire Ames 31 tenants of an apartment building one block west of the Iowa State campus lost mpst of their possessions when the building was destroyed by fire Sunday morning Neighbors gave shelter to the tenants most of whom escaped from the building in their nightclothing One wom an suffered a sprained ankle af ter jumping from a 3rd story win dow to a porch roof with a baby in her arms Report Entire Police Copenhagen Is Interned by Germans Stockholm UR The Danish press service that had German interned reported Monday occupation forces the entire police force of Copenhagen totaling about 5000 men The press service said the Ger mans were expected to put their own police force in charge of all police stations in the Danish capi lal Buy War Savings Bonds and The first reports said it was not Expect Iowa to Have 25 Million for Road Building After War Des Moines a sharp decline in motor vehicle travel Iowa will have a potential nest egg estimated at for use in postwar construction on primary secondary and lomarket roads state auditors figures showed Monday The esti mated balance in all funds avail able for road construction now is S15223950 Sharply reduced DUy OM AIIU Stamps from your GlobeGazette I known whether similar action was travel would cut primary road nrrirr bar taken elsewhere in Denmark I fund income carrier boy ;