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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 17, 1935, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NiWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLJ FIVE CENTS A COPT ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WJLKB SEKWUB MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JANUARY 171935 SECTION ONE NO Test Needed for Drivers Amount of Alcohol for Road Menace Is Debated PRESENT SOCIAL SECURITY PUN EDITORS NOTE This Is the third of four articles on the problem of liquor and tralf ic ac cidents By TOM A BURKE National Safety Council CHICAGO Jan of the outstanding needs of the public saf ety officials in dealing with the drinking driver is a simple scientific method of measuring inebriety that will stand as evidence before a court or jury This method the National Safety Council says should be accurate easily administered and inexpensive in order to be of the widest possible benefit Unfortunately while most authorities agree that one does not have to be drunk to be a menace when driving and even small amounts of alcohol may measurably impair efficiency they are not all in full accord as to what this amount of alcohol shall be Nor have they standardized a test as yet which can be used to determine the degree of intoxication Numerous tests both chemical and visual have been advocated and some have been enlisted Most of the chemical tests however must be ad ministered by doctors or skilled technicians while some call for elab orate expensive equipment Both these factors tend to place them be yond reach of the average police department Individuals React Differently One of the difficulties of course is the variability with which indi viduals react to alcohol One person may absorb a given dose of alcohol more readily and more thoroughly than another and with different re sults The alcohol may have been consumed under different physical conditions as for example on a full and an empty stomach These var iables of course are important The chemical test for determining t the amount of alcohol in the system may be applied to the Wood saliva Capture Outsider Blamed for San Quentin Break exhaled mortem cases tissues from the liver kidneys and brain Obviously most of these are beyond the skill of police officers and some are impractical for the smaller com because of expense in volved Common Seuse Tests The visual or common sense tests which are usually given by po lice cover such matters as breath 15 coordination speech mentality P manner vision and general appear 85 ance For example can the suspect stand without aid Can he walk a straight line turn around and walk back again is his speech thick ened and blurred Is he blasphe mous or abusive Loud and boister ous Is he violent abusive excited Can he read There are many var iations of course and the foregoing are typical of the questions asked Many authorities have been and are devoting considerable study to the problem among them Prof Alexander O Gettler of New York university Prof R N Harger of the Indiana University School of Medicine Dr B Bogen of Los An geles Prof C W Muehlberger of Northwestern university and Dr W L Miles of Yale Institute of Hu man Relations Much research has also been done to foreign countries particularly in Sweden Germany and England Alcohol Blurs Vision All of the authorities agree that alcohol blurs the vision dulls the senses and slows down normal reac tion time Also they are generally agreed that it is the amount of al cohol present in the body fluids that actually registers the degree of in Tum to Pane 20 Column fi PROPOSES USING LIQUOR PROFITS FOR AGED HELP Herring Suggests Tax on Chain Stores Chain Filling Stations TEXT ON PAGE 5 DES MOINES Jan 17 Clyde L Herring today recommend ed to the fortysixth general as sembly that earnings of state li quor stores be used to pay old age pensions to needy aged lowans and that a graduated special tax be lev ied on chain stores and chain fill ing stations In his formal inaugural address the chief executive advocated elev en specific items of legislation of which two were new five followed previous suggestions by the gover nor and four were contained in the I final report of the iterim legisla tive committee on reduction of pub lic expenditures The address was delivered be fore a joint session of the house and senate in the house chamber with state officials judges of the supreme court the governors mili tary staff and the public attending Made Others Previously The liquor and chain store pro posals are new Suggestions previously announced include Revision of the state beer law strengthening of the governors power to ap tSeJperson nel of the state highway commis sion extension of the farm mort gage moratorium acts to March 1 1937 direct marketing of bogs Interim committee suggestions Establishment of a department of public safety establishment of department of public welfare le galization of the state planning board consolidation of the fish and game commission with the state board of conservation Contemplates U S Law Governor Herrings proposal that the liquor commission earnings be credited to the old age pension fund contemplates the passage by the national congress of old age legis lation with the matching of federal funds with state funds He based his recommendation on a profit of which he said was shown by the commission ir the first six months of operatic with only a small number of stores open during most of that time This indicates an annual bal ance of upward of 51500000 the governor said I think it undesir able that this money accrue to the state general fund Would Repeal Head Tax It is my thought that if old age pension legislation is enacted by the United States congress at this ses sion as seems probable it will pro Turn to 1aRe 1 Column fi TAeWeather FORECAST IOWA Mostly cloudy prob ably snow Friday and in west portion late Thursday night not so cold in northcentral and extreme west portions Thurs day night warmer in extreme east and colder in extreme west portions Friday MINNESOTA Partly cloudy colder in northeast snow in southwest portion Thursday night Friday probably snow not so cold in extreme east por tion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figuers for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum Wednesday SI above Minimum in Night Zero At 8 a m Thursday 1 above Snonfall 80 of an inch Precipitation 42 of an inch Wednesday provided a variety of precipitation offerings They in cluded rain snow sleet and mist The early morning Thursday saw B sharp drop of temperature and Thursday dawned clear with a bit ing wind out of the northwest The Mason City snow level stands at about 5 inches Paroled Man ChargedWith Getting Guns Three of Fugitives in Custody and Leader Fatally Shot Cotiyriclu 193B by The Associated Press QUENTIN PENITEN TIARY Cal Jan 17 roared the roundup early to day of the desperado blamed for smuggling guns to four convicts who made a desperate futile break for freedom that cost the life of their leader Clyde Stevens paroled convict and San Francisco bank robber who the surviving convicts said furnish ed the pistols used in the San Quen tin prison break yesterday was captured early this morning by a police posse on Sherman Island about 50 miles from here Officers announced three others were cap tured with him two of them fall ing wounded under police fire Identify Other Three Capt Charles Dullea of the San Francisco police who led 14 officers in the foray on the island identi fied the other three as Albert Kes sell a companion of Stevens Eu gene Martini and Stuart Leese Kes sell and Martini were both wounded in the hand in the fusillade that ac companied the raid Meanwhile physicians reported Warden James B Holohan veteian prison official had a good chance ot recovering from the merciless slug ging given him by the convicts as they broke from prison Three of the convicts wereback custodyjJ their leader Rudolph Straight 35fatallywounded in the gun battle that ended their spectac ular two hours of freedom Shaken by Experience Four members of the board of prison terms and paroles two of them slightly wounded were shaken a terrifying experience as host ages for the fleeing prisoners The prison was outwardly quiet today but guards were taking every MOVE TO FOLLOW HERRINGS PLAN House Receives Bill to Use Liquor Profits to Help Pay Pensions DES MOINES Jan 17 movement to use liquor contro commission profits for the relief o aged Iowa needy was inauguratec today in the house of the forty sixth general assembly A bill introduced in the lower branch by Representatives M C Falvey D of Monroe and C L McKinnon D of Henry as the two branches of the assembly spent brief timemarking sessions this morning would transfer the contro commissions earnings in excess o operating expenses to the old age pension fund Follows Recommendation The bill follows the recommenda tion made by Gov Clyde L Herring in his inaugural address It provides that instead of profits from UM operation of state liquor stores be ing credited to the general fund as approved by the extra session of the fortyfifth general assembly such revenue be credited for thi payment of old age pensions to needy aged lowans Another measure by Representa tives B L Metcalf D of Musca tine and J J Jenkins R of Louisa would grant charter cities a levy increase from threefourths of Turn to InKf 20 Column 6 Heir Accused in Tub Party Breaks Recaptured SAN FRANCISCO Jan 17 Stevens alleged plot ter of yesterdays San Quentin prison break broke away from his captors at Anitoch today and with hands manacled made a desperate dash up the main street A rain of bullets followed and he was again captured un wounded precaution against another out break in the institution where 6000 prisoners are crowded into space designed for half that number Officials who characterized yes terdays break as the most serious there yet also were investigating an unnamed convicts story that 51000 was paid a guard to help get firearms to the conspirators It was shortly after noon that tne convicts Straight an Alameda rob ber Alexander Mackay Los Ange les robber Joe Christy 26 Los An geles kidnaper and Fred Landers 27 San Francisco robber staged their break Armed With Pistols Armed with 45 caliber automatic pistols they raided the home of Warden Holohan where the board of prison terms ancf paroles was lunching with the official Holohaa was slugged by Straight his skull fractured and his face badly lacerated The board B Syfies chairman Warden Atherton Stockton attorney Joseph Steph ens Sacramento banker and Mark E Noon forced to exchange clothes with the convicts Turn In Paste T Column 8 Echoes of Northwest Banco Trial Heard in Minnesotas Senate ST PAUL Jan 17 of the states prosecution of offi cials of Northwest Banco in Clay county district court on swindling charges were heard in the state senate today Senator Henry C Stiening Moor head introduced a bill authorizing the state to appropriate 530000 to cover expenses of the trials the first of which is now under way Liberal senators who refused to be quoted accepted the measure as pure politics contending thatthe expense of the prosecution was be ing borAmainly by the state and estimating that the total costs would not exceed George Eastman Drydnn 34 year old heir to the Eastman camera millions was charged with assault and battery in Chicago by two night club girls Vera Billy Reed above and her sister Hazel Vera Reed said Dryden pitched her into a tub of boiling water at his apartment as the climax of a party Associated Press IOWA FORECAST IS NOT SO COLD State Cold and Clear With Zero Low Here Roads Covered by Ice The weather was cold and clear in Iowa Thursday and the forecast was for only slightly warmer Fri day with more snow probable Streets and highways of North Iowa were covered by a glare of ice partly blanketed by snow with minimum temperatures reported Thursday around the zero mark Re ports indicated that the mantle of sleet and rain which had frozen was even more severe south of Mason City than in the immediate vicinity Snow Follows Ice MasonCity had a zero minimum early Thursday after a high heading of 31 Wednesday At some points snow followed the sleet and was blown into heavy drifts blocking the roads Officials were warning motorists to exercise extreme precaution on the highways because of the difficulty in bringing cars to a quick stop Visibility was reported poor Wednesday Snow plows were all out at Gar ner clearing drifts Wednesday morning and went out again Thurs day Robert Kirschbaum foreman for the Iowa State highway com mission said A hitchiker from Lake Crystal Minn was overcome in the snowstorm at 7 oclock Wednesday night on highway 18 two miles west of Garner but managed to get back to Andy Wilsons service station where Mr Wilson brought him to Garner for lodging Sleet and Rain Sleet and rain which fell during Wednesday at Belmond made driv ing hazardous The thermometer started to fall downward when the wind changed to the northwest ac companied by a hard driving snow The sleet weighed down long dis tance wires and caused heavy dam age Service was crippled but spe cial arrangements were made for putting through calls No trouble be tween Mason City and Minneapolis was reported and everything was all right west Service from Mason City to Charles City Nora Springs and Waterloo was possible Thursday morning only by circuitous routes Regular service was established later Train Service Delayed Train service into and out of Ma son City was delayed little accord ing to reports from all railroads Only one train was delayed any length of was the morn ing train On the M s L which was about an hour late The sleet was not considered serious however to railroad service Buses were reported running on schedule out of and into Mason City Service north of Mason City near Minneapolis was reported slowed up however HEARST FAVORS NBA DISMISSAL Farm Bureau Head Appeal for CoOperation With CornHog Plan DES MOINES Jan 17 missal of the NRA as ahead of its time renewed demands for further dollar devaluation of the dollar ap peal for farmers to retain coopera tion with the cornhog program a still a necessity and a request fo greater equality in rural education al opportunities were highlights o the annual message today by Pres ident Charles Hearst to the Iowa Farm Bureau federation convention The address led off a program today studded with discussions of vital farm questions by agricultural leaders including Albert S Goss federal land bank commissioner for the farm credit administration Chester H Gray Washington rep resentative of the national Farm Bureau Iowa Agricultural Secre tary Ray Murray R K Bliss of Ames state extension director and American Farm Bureau President Edward ONeal Will Close Friday The convention opened yesterday will end Friday following the an nual caucuses and election Those who cling to the belief that conditions will soon right them selves and therefore we will return to the old order must disabuse their minds of this theory President Hearst said The results of science and invention alone bring changes which warn us that old things have passed away and we must plan for new methods and conditions ahead Either we must go forward devel oping policies that will meet these new conditions or we will slowly and surely slip backward Even the most shortsighted cannot deny that progress has been made along many lines in 1934 We must admit however that the rem edies used have been quite largely of an emergency character We have not only made some progress but have gained knowledge that should help guide us in our future planning Higher Oold Urged Contending tbat NRA was re sponsible for throwing out of har many the price for labor finances and production in industry by keeping up the price of labor and produced goods Hearst said the almost complete abandonment of the NRA program gives us the right to ask if such a situation contributed to recovery Agriculture resisted from the start on the ground that NRA was ahead of its time Hearst said and should not be imposed until the buying power is better established To offset the disadvantage of the new United States position as a Turn to Pace 20 Column fi DEFENSE LOSES BATTLE TO BAR RANSOM MONEY Skull Caused Lindy Babys Death Says Doctor By WILLIAM A KINNEl iwyriKhl 1iltf by Xlie Associated Iress FLEMINGTON N J Jan 17 yp defense of Bruno Richard iiauptmann today lost a fight to bar Lindbergh ransom money from the evidence and the jury which is try ing Hauptmann for his life heard a physicians oath that Baby Charles A Lindbergh Jr died of a frac ured skull caused by external vio lence The man who caused Hauptmanns arrest identified him incourt as the passer of a Lindbergh ransom bill after the jury had heard the grow some details of the finding of the childs body John J Lyons filling station at tendant said Hauptmann pur chased gas last Sept 19 and gave another attendant at the station Walter Lyle a gold certificate The certificate was produced in court and Lyons identified it Dont See Many More He said Lyle said to Hauptmann You dont see many more of them and that Hauptmann replied Tve only got a hundred mor left There was no question as to th cause of death Dr Charles H DETAILED TESTIMONY IN HAUPTMANN TRIAL WILL BE FOUND ON PAGE 7 Mitchell Mercer county physicia said The child died of a fracture skull Would you say it was caused by external violence a prosecuto asked The fracture gave every indica tion of it Then replying to a question ove the objections of the defense as ti the time of death in relation to thi fracture Dr Mitchell declared Death Instantaneous I would say that death occurra instantaneously or within a verj few minutes after the fracture Th fracture occurred on the Hvini child It bled There was a blooi clot still on the skull The b 1 o o i clot could not have come there i the child was dead The autopsy report was consider ed important to the states conten tion that the Lindbergh baby wa killed beneath the window of th Lindbergh nursery as It f e I with the kidnaper from a breaMn ladder This would place the murde scene in Hunterdon county wher Hauptmann is on trial The bod was found in Mercer county Hauptmann Unmoved Hauptmann the alien carpente accused of kidnaping and murder ing the child sat unmoved bu aleit and interested as this test mony was given by Dr Mitchell The physicians report at whicr he also dissolved rumors that the baby had been shot followed recit al by others of the details of the finding of the babys body in a Turn o PaRe 7 Coltlnn 4 He Found Body WOULD PROVIDE INSURANCE FOR WORKERS AGED Roosevelt Message and Wagner Bill Unfold Giant Program By JOSEPH L MILLER WILLIAM ALLEN ADMITS SLAYING OF TWO PERSONS Negro Confesses Theft of Bodies of Five Women From Graves JACKSON Miss Jan 17 The murder of two persons mutila tion of their bodies and theft of the bodies of five white women from graves was confessed Ltoday hy JamesH Cbyner giant Negro trict Attorney Greek Rice an nounced Coyner a paroled convict from the Indiana state penitentiary at Michigan City admitted Rice said battering to death with a hammer Mr and Mrs A B Turner of Cleve land Miss Dec 9 theft of the body of a girl from a grave in Indiana and desecration of burial places of four women at Ferndale Mich Heads in Trunk The womens heads were found in a trunk owned by the Negro The body of Mrs Turner had been mutilated and portions of it were found in the Negros posses sion when he was arrested last week in Cleveland x He was recently freed from the Indiana institution where he was serving a sentence for theft of the girls body Although ownership of the trunk in which the heads of the other four women were found eight years ago was traced to him by Ferndale authorities while he was still incarcerated the case was per mitted to lapse Negro Is Abnormal The district attorney said the Ne gro who is being held in jail here for safekeeping is abnormal When he was arrested in Cleveland offi cers found Turners watch in one pocket and a piece of flesh which the Negro told Rice he had cut from Mrs Turners body in another pocket Rice with Sheriff E R McLean of Bolivar county and Sheriff John Roberts of Hinds county questioned Coyner for several hours in his cell A special session of circuit court has been called for Feb 4 at Cleve land to try the Negro on charges of killing the Turners WASHINGTON Jan 17 Making its longheralded attack on the problems of social security1 the Roosevelt administration laid before Congress today a fivepoint program designed as protection against what it terms the haz ards of modern existence Topped by a special message from President Roosevelt the pro gram was unfolded in a 40000 word report by the presidents cabinet committee on security and specifi cally in a bill drafted by Senator Robert F Wagner In brief the Wagner bill follow ng closely the recommendations of he cabinet committee headed by Secretary of Labor Frances Per kins provided Compulsory Insurance 1 Compulsory unemployment insurance to be paid for by employ ers through a payroll tax This would start at 1 per cent next Jan 1 and would be increased to 3 per cent Jan 1 1938 However Jf bus iness picked up fast the 3 per cent would be reached sooner 2 Compulsory insurance against povertystricken old age for wage earners and small salar ied workers to be paid for by em ployers and employes on a fifty fifty basis S Old age t for the needy agedwho covered by the ance to be paid for by the federal and state governments Federal Annuity System 4 A voluntary federal annuity system for those who would not be included in the compulsory plan and who could afford to save for their old age out of incomes er than those to be affected by the compulsory plan 5 Large federal grants to states for aid to needy and ill mo thers and children extension of of the public health service We pay now for the dreadful consequences of economic insecuri dearly wrote the presi dent in forwarding the 40000 word report of his cabinet committee that studied the subject Bonus Set Aside Even before the program for un employment compensation old age benefits and aid to children was re ceived the house ways and means committee arranged to act on it in advance of the controversial bonus legislation Later consideration of the bonus question was definitely promised jowever by Chairman Doughton President Roosevelt opposes immed ate full payment The Wagner bill carried appro priations totaling nearly OQ to finance the program during he fiscal year starting next July 1 Authorizations for spending Turn in Iuff 7 Column S REPORT ARREST OF DOC BARKER WASHINGTON Jan 17 Arrest of Arthur Doc Barker Bremer kidnap suspect on January 8 was announced today by Attor ney General Cummings Medical Profession Honors Minnesotans MINNEAPOLIS Jan 17 Dr Owen Harding Wangensteen of Minneapolis and Dr W M Booth by and E C Kendall of Rochester Minn were among 25 men selected by deans of United States medical colleges and medical editors who have to medical prog ress in 1934 The survey was con ducted through Modern Medicine professional publication Believes Trial Fans Also Travel on Their Stomachs FLEMINGTON N J Jan 17 B E Pedrick believes that trial fans like Napoleons army travel on their stomachs As staff chief of the Union ho tels dining room she has seen the army of visitors consume a half ton of onions and almost two tons of potatoes since the Hauptmann trial began Thoy have eaten 400 loaves of bread 4000 rolls 2000 minute I countrv sausace steaks 1800 chickens 420 pies 60 cakes and 96 legs of lamb Almost 1000 quarts of milk have dissap peared 252 quarts of cream 21 puddings and 720 gallons of coffee They eat everything said Jim my Lloyd the hotels Welsh chef who cooks 18 hours a day at great coal range Jimmy has been flipping 200 orders of wheat cakes every morning for the trialgoers breakfast and as many orders of Dont Neglect Feet At the time of the World war when Americas man power was be ing mobilized under the selective draft it was found that more than SO per cent of those who failed to pass the physical examination were rejected because of defective feet This was an astonishing state of affairs and something had to be done about it Otherwise we were in a fair way to become a nation on crutches or in wheel chairs Public interest was stimulated people became feet con scious and shoe manufacturers pro ceeded promptly to produce a wide variety of shoes designed to pro mote foot health Here is a booklet Care of tha Feet that will prove of the great est benefit to you Send 10 cents for copy Use coupon The GlobeGazette Information Bureau Frederic J Haskin Director Washington O C I enclose 10 cents in coin carefully wrapped for the booklet on Care of the Feet Name City Stats Mail to Washington D ;