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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 16, 1951, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION mini VOL LVD Associated Preu and United Prat Full Lenw Wit ft i Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JANUARY 16 1951 This Paper Consists ot Two No 84 Short Reconciliation Byrd Proposes to Slice Tax Fund Request By FRANCIS M LEMAY Washington Byrd proposed Tuesday that congress carve out of President Trumans huge new budget and raise taxes by instead of the the president suggested The Virginia democrat an outspoken foe of what he calls extravagant administra tion spending policies said that plan would not deny a dol lar needed for defense and pro duce a balanced budget well under the the president asked Meanwhile crying socialism the potent coalition of republicans and southern democrats in con gress made ready to war on a flock of fair deal measures the president put into his national survival budget his estimates of government spending and rev enues in the fiscal year starting July 1 Top republicans assailed the budget as a spendingasusual plan for the same old tired so cialist program Crackdown Promised They promised to crack down generally on nondefense spend ing That is a pledge which congress members of both parties normally voice every January but it is not always fulfilled Mr Truman has presented 5 budgets to congress other than the one submitted Monday Twice ac tual spending has been less than he proposed Twice it has exceed ed his estimates Prospects are that the current years spending spurred by the Korean war will exceed the budget by more than Ending a shortlived surface reconciliation following Air Tru mans Dear Harry letter to Byrd the Virginia senator declared in a itatemeht In my experience of 18 years considering the perils that con front our nation this budget message represents the very height of fiscal irresponsibility The president renews his advocacy of the socialistic measures known as the fair deal NonDefense Spending Actually Byrd said Mr Truman proposed to increase nondefense spending to the highest level in history and he added He calls for an increase in tax ation of from to annually and still proposes to continue wasteful do mestic spending which has added billions to the public debt Byrd called for a cut in spending on nondefense functions of government and a reduction in eco nomic aid to Europe Mr Truman asked for in cash for foreign aid programs without breaking down the figure into economic and military help Byrd said that if such a reduc tion is effected he is sure congress would find in new taxes That would give us a balanced payaswego budget he said It is absolutely essential that we have a balanced budget Few Ideas The presidents suggestion for a tax increase big enough to cover an anticipated def icit in the 1952 fiscal year found few if any members of congress with definite ideas on how the money can be raised It would mean an overall tax increase of about 30 per cent and the president said he would like congress to make the increases retroactive to last Jan 1 He will submit detailed plans in a separate message shortly Generally the lawmakers voiced sympathy with the idea of put ting defense spending on a payas yougo basis but many cried out against budget message calls for such fair deal measures as FEPC federal medical insurance and a major part of the Brannan farm subsidy plan Pentagon Hopes to Replace Korea Vets Washington Pentagon holds out hope for replacement to the weary and the wounded on the long Korean battle A defense department spokes man said Monday men of the September October and Novem ber draft calls will begin to flow in quantity into Korea by March and from then onwards They will be replacements for casualties and battle weary sol diers he said Some reservists are already in Korea and more are on the way the spokesman added A trickle of men from the selective service lists will begin to reach Korea in February The spokesman declined to say how many men were scheduled for Korea The draft calls in September October and Novem ber totalled 170000 Red China May Agree to Peace Talk By HAROLD GUARD London UR Informed quar ters said Tuesday that communist China may accept United Nations proposals for a cease fire and a far eastern peace conference with certain reservations Sardar Pannikar Indian am bassador in Peking was under stood to have advised Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru in London that red China would agree to take part in peace talks provided troops remain in their present positions in Korea during the conference Not Before Korean ceasefire shall take effect simultaneously with the start of the peace talks not before them Informed quarters said the Chinese seemed more willing to accept proposals from the United Nations political committee than from its 3man ceasefire com mittee which Peking contends is not representative The political committee pro posed a ceasefire in Korea and a conference among the United States Britain communist China and the Soviet Union on a Korean settlement Chinas claim to a seat in the UN and the future of For mosa May Bargain Sources here said Peking ad vices indicated China realized that rejection of all UN proposals for 4power talks would weaken its chances of getting a seat in the UN and establishing its claim to Formosa The Chinese were said to recog nize that it might be politic to dis cuss a far eastern settlement while UN forces still have a foot hold in Korea If the UN forces should be driven into the sea the United States particularly would be in no mood for bargaining in formants believed PEONY RAISER DIES New Hampton services were held Tuesday for Otto Koerth retired Fredericks burg banker who died Sunday at the age of 80 He was a widely known peony raiser He exhibited the flowers at Des Moines and Chicago in national peony shows Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and windy Tuesday night with low 28 Cloudy and turning colder Wednesday with high near 35 Iowa Mostly cloudy windy and warmer Tuesday night with low 20 to 25 northeast 30 southwest Cloudy and a little colder Wednesday with high 35 north east 45 southwest Winds light and variable Wednesday Fur ther outlook Low Wednesday night near 25 Mostly cloudy and turning colder Thursday Clearing and much colder Thurs day night Shippers Northwest 25 southwest 30 southeast 28 northeast 20 Iowa 5Day Weather Outlook Temperatures will average 5 to 10 degrees above normal Nor mal highs 24 north 32 south Normal lows 5 north 13 south Somewhat colder Wednesday and Thursday Turning colder again Saturday Light snow flurries likely about Friday Precipitation will average one tenth inch or less Minnesota Cloudy light snow or snow flurries north portion Tuesday night and Wednesday Not quite so cold Tuesday night Colder Wednesday especially north portion Low Tuesday night 510 aboVe northwest 20 25 southeast High Wednesday 2025 north 2532 south IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m AP Wircphoto IN JAIL AT E Badman Cook is led into the San Diego Cal county jail by FBI agents Mon day night The desperado who was captured in Mexico 600 miles south of San Diego was brought to the border and turned over to FBI men See picture on page 2 Badman Cook on Hunger Strike Doesnt Remember 8 Murders Maximum Minimum At 8 a m YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 23 4 21 24 6 San Diego Cal KidnapKiller Suspect William E Cook refused to eat Tuesday as federal authorities planned his possible prosecution under the Lindbergh law Cook 23 turned away sullenly from his county jail breakfast He is charged with killing the 5 mem bers of the Carl Mosser family in Oklahoma The Mossers bodies were found Monday in an abandoned mine pit at Joplin Mo at almost the same moment Cooks arrest was dis closed Jailers said the 101 fever with which Cook burned Monday night tiad subsided Death Penalty The federal kidnaping charge with intent to do bodily with the death penalty was on file in Oklahoma City He is also charged with murder at Pawhuska Okla He was also arraigned here on a federal charge of flight to escape murder prosecution in California The desperado blames his plight on a Christmas spree As authorities prepared to press murder and federal kidnaping charges following his arrest Mon day the sawedoff Missouri bad man told reporters he couldnt remember anything for two weeks after I got drunk with a man in Blythe Cal Christmas night About the time of Cooks arrest officers in his home town of Jop in found the bodies of all 5 of the Carl Mosser family Cook is charged with murdering them The mysterious disappearance of the Mossers two weeks ago prompted an extensive search in Missouri Arkansas and Okla noma All Shot A coroners autopsy showed all had been shot to death Mosser 33 his wife Thelma 29 and son Ron ald Dean 7 apparently had been bound and gagged 1st Two small er children Cary Carl 5 and Pamela Sue 3 were shot through the heart at close range Cook 24yearold exconvict brought here after his capture 600 miles south of the border in Santa Rosalia halfway down the lower California peninsula was ar raigned before a U S commis sioner Monday on 3 federal charges principally with kidnap ing the Mossers with intent to do bodily harm His hearing was set for Jan 29 The other charges are flight to avoid prosecution on a charge of murdering Robert E Dewey 33 Seattle salesman near Blythe Jan 6 and flight to avoid prosecution on Oklahoma robbery charges Cook Sick Returned to jail without bail Cook was found to have dysentery and a fever of 101 Here the man who is said to have boasted of killing 7 persons before he met Dewey on the desert told report ers I dont know any Mosser fam ily I got drunk with a man in Blythe Christmas night After that I could have been anywhere until I woke up in the car that broke down That was Jan 7 40 miles south of the border and the car was Deweys says the FBI Cook then commandeered the car of two El Centre Cal prospectors James Burke and Forrest Damron and at gunpoint forced them to drive south to Santa Rosalia There Police Chief Francisco Kraus Morales of Ti juana captured him in a cafe quickly disarming him without bloodshed During most of the 7 days we were with said Burke Cook kept the gun in his lap with the trigger cocked At night when we camped out he sat with his back against a tree or rock with gun cocked We were afraid to try to escape They had heard radio broad casts and knew who their captor was Off FBI Agent E C Richardson who directed the widespread man hunt from here said he was greatly pleased with the fine co operation of the Mexican author ities The tip which led police to Santa Rosalia came from Xavier Gonzales and Jerry Grant em ployes at a mine near the town They told Tijuana police last Tuesday they had exchanged greetings with 3 men in a maroon sedan on a highway near Santa Rosalia Burke and Damron miss ing more than a week had been riding in a maroon sedan Then Chief Morales and a posse headed south The capture ended the bloody trail which started Jan 3 with the discovery of the bloodsoaked Mosser car abandoned near Tul sa Okla after an Oklahoma rob bery charged to Cook Sheriffs Deputy Homer Waldrip was kid naped at Blythe Jan 6 Waldrip identified Cook as a former Blythe restaurant dish washer and said he boasted of killing 7 persons leaving two in a snowdrift in Oklahoma Later on Jan 6 Deweys body was found in Waldrips car 2 Blocks Away The Mossers bodies were found in an old mine shaft just two blocks from a house where Cook once liVed in Joplin Police acted on the tip of a man who said Cook had once threatened to throw him in the shaft In Oklahoma City where the kidnap charges were originally filed U S Dist Atty Robert Shelton said he wants Cook to face trial there But U S Atty Ernest Toland at Los Angeles said a conference of various states and federal officers involved probab ly will be held to determine the trial site The Lindbergh law carries the death penalty if the kidnaped person is not released unharmed But the jury must recommend the extreme penalty North I o wans Elected to Clothier Positions Des Moines Loran W Durlam of Jefferson is the new president of the Iowa Retail Clothiers association New directors elected include Arnold Murray Emmetsburg L E Schatz West Union and Ai J Strutz Iowa Falls SAME Black meant truffle nil It Allied Unit ReEnters Suwon Then Pulls Out UN Unit Withdraws From Wonju to Form New Line By OLEN CLEMENTS Tokyo allied combat team led by tanks drove into the communistheld town of Suwon 17 air miles south of Seoul Tuesday then withdrew after dark to defensive po sitions It was the 4th and largest objective cracked by the 8th armys reconnaissance in force in the western sector of the Korean front Recon Mission A spokesman in the field ex plained that it is the usual prac tice on reconnaissance missions of this type to probe enemy po sitions determine their strength gather as much information possible and then withdraw An AP field dispatch said 3 separate light plane observers 1st confirmed the allied entrance into Suwon The allied force routed about 100 red troops in Suwon The bulk of the communist garrison had fled Monday under fierce allied bombing and strafing attacks Hundreds of reds were machine gunned on the road running north to Seoul The allied western drive began Monday south of Osan On the central front allied forces pulled out of the Wonju wedge where for 16 days they had held off massed red Korean attacks The U S 8th army announced the central front pullback to the defensive line set up after the re treat from French and southward through mountain passes along sheer cliffs and around hairpin turns Villages Afire Artillery barrages and punish ing air strikes covered the with drawal Villages flamed Censorship prevented locating said only This redeployment will usher in a new phase of the Sobaek moun tains battle The United Nations line has been straightened and shortened Censors now prohibit mention of any units smaller than the whole U S 8th army and 5th air force This was another dayto day change which the censors say Seoul American Dutch troops rode results from conditions changing military Dispatches received and pub lished Monday before the newest clampdown identified the Wonju holding force as the U S 2nd di vision and the attacking force south of Suwon as the 3rd infantry division The 2nd division in cluded French Dutch and South Korean troops as well as Ameri cans The 3rd division which was evacuated by sea in December from Hungnam in northeast Ko rea included at that time Puerto Rican and American mainland troops 5 Mile Gain A P Correspondent Stan Swin ton with the western front attack column said the Americans rolled ahead 5 more miles early Tues day in the 2nd day of their offen sive action There was no red op position in the early stages Blis tering allied air attacks had routed red garrison troops from several villages and left hundreds of flee ing communists along the north bound roads The western force Monday re captured 3 towns Osan Kam yangjang and Chon There was no indication that the western force was planning to go all the way to Seoul Three red armies lay in its path A P Cor respondent Don Huth said the Chi nese 40th 38th and 50th at full strength about 120000 massed south of the Han river near Seoul Claim 1600 Killed American airmen spotted 5000 the SeoulTaejonTaegu highway to the south Many of the fighting men had spent 22 days before and during the Wonju action in foxholes Temperatures dipped at times to 25 degrees below zero and the troops fought in this bitter cold A UN corps commander said he was well satisfied with positions taken by his troops after their withdrawal Gen Hoyt S Vandenberg air forces chief of staff made a flying visit to the Wonju front Tuesday He piloted a helicopter over the battle area and behind enemy lines Back at a forward air base Vandenberg commented The al lied bombing napalming fire strafing and rocket at tacks appear to have been very ef fective Vandenberg paid high tribute to American jet planes The jet is rugged It can ab sorb half again as much damage from ground or aerial fire as the propellordriven plane and still get back home Moreover the jet provides a far better firing plat and thus more ac curate Gen J Lawton Collins army chief of staff told newsmen Mon day in Korea that American forces were in there to stay for the time being at least He said he could not comment on the future House Group Okays Free Gl Insurance Bill Washington house veterans committee Tuesday unan imously approved legislation to give all servicemen free insurance of Except for minor changes the bill is like one which was passed by the house in the closing days of the last congress but allowed to die in the senate The free insurance would sup plant the present program of op tional national service life insur ance Millions of servicemen have bought NSLI policies since the start of World war II No more such policies would be sold under the bill approved Tuesday However rights of men who now hold or formerly held N S L I policies would be fully protected The new program would be au tomatic and without cost to the erviceman No bookkeeping would be necessary except upon death of a serviceman Then the govern ment would pay his beneficiaries in equal monthly over a period of 10 years AP Wlrepholo ALLIES DRIVE INTO locates Suwon which was entered Tuesday by allied troops in their western front counterthrust It was the 1st major ob jective to fall to the advancing allies In the central front sector A a pullback to an undefined defense line was announced with UN forces withdrawing southward from the Wonju wedge where they had held off massed red attacks for 16 days B36s Fly From Texas to Europe London of America biggest which can tote an atom bomb 10000 mile out of the Atlantii mists Tuesday and landed in Eng land for the 1st time They arrived singly at Laken heath airdrome 70 miles north east of here after a onestoj flight of about 7000 miles frorr Carswell air force base at For Worth Tex starting last Satur day The 400mile per hour air Go liaths powered by 6 regular an 4 jet engines flew the Atlantii after pausingat Limestone ai force base in Maine Actual fly ing time was about 24 hours They dropped some practici bombs enroute the air force re ported without saying where The flight was part of the pro gram for teaching navigator anc fuel consumption techniques t the crews an air force spokesmai said The planes and crews an scheduled to return home thii weekend However there havi been rumors that B36s vould be stationed in England because o the worsening world situation Lakenheail field has been usec by the U S 3rd air division since 1948 as a base for B29 Super fortresses and B50 training oper ations The training mission was headed by Col Thomas P Ger rity commander of the 8th air forces llth bomb wing Training missions of the 8th had previously been restricted to the territory of Hawaii westward and the nations coastal fringe rni 111 l til LiltT IICllAVMl i There would be no optional iof the Atlantic eastward forms of payment The policies could not be carried over into ci vilian life MacNider to Hold Division Exercises After participating recently in similar exercises at the army level with his top staff officers Maj Gen Hanford MacNider is calling 70 staff and command officers of the 103rd infantry division to red troops concentrated southeast j gether at Minneapolis this week of Seoul They claimed 1600 were end for a division mobilization killed in bombing and strafing atj and induction exercise Purpose of the operation will be to acquaint all command of tacks The allied warplanes resumed their attacks Tuesday and said the toll of enemy dead was boosted to nearly 2000 AP Correspondent William C Barnard reported from the central front that the withdrawal from the Wonju area began Monday morn ing and was completed in an or derly way As they pulled out the allied troops burned villages and de stroyed everything of value to the enemy They withdrew along the road to Chungju 26 miles due south of Wonju through 3 mountain passes The Wonju wedge had stuck like sore thumb into red territory For 16 days including 11 of in tense combat the allied force had icld off the communists from the ictvork of roads fanning into the icart of South Korea Their fighting stand protected the main body of the 8th army while it was pulling back along ficers of the 103rd division down through battalion level with the motions of mobilizing the unit for active duty MacNider commander of the 103rd will leave here Friday ac companied by Capt H B Hook of his staff for the Saturday and Sunday exercises which will take place at Fort Snelling and at headquarters of the Minnesota military district Divisional units are scattered over Iowa and Minnesota and 70 officers from the two states are on orders for the mock mobiliza tion Observers from Fifth army headquarters in Chicago will be on hand for the operation according to General MacNidei The 47th Minnesota National Guard divi sion is preparing to RO on active duty next week leaving the troops of the 103rd Cactus outfit The sky giants bored into the air at intervals sufficient to achieve both night and day de partures and were directed unto different courses for the history making transAtlantic run The route or routes from the home base to the landing base in Eng iand remained classified Behind the scenes of the en tire project conceived under the eye of Lt General Curtis E Le niay commander of the strategic air command Omaha Nebr and Major General Samuel E An derson was Brigadier General C S Irvine commanding general of the home bomber base and pilot of the Pacusan Dreamboat on its 1946 record night from Hono lulu to Cairo Each plane carried the normal crew of 15 men and simulation of complete combat armament Such TrainingCruise training missions are part of the long range navigation and cruise control training pro gram being conducted by units of strategic air command The B36 has a range of over 10000 miles and a speed of over 435 MPH It is armed with 26 twenty mm cannons and has car ried a total of 84000 pounds of bombs the heaviest load of bombs ever carried by one airplane Maintenance crews flown from Fort Worth arrived in England and were ready to serve the huge tiombers when tney arrived After servicing which included 21135 gallons of fuel normally carried in the B36 wing tanks ind the maintenance needed the aircraft are expected to leave Eng anri for the U S within 96 hours The planes will fan out on separate missions ranging from the only remaining fcuei al in125 to 40 hours on the homeward fantry force in the Gopher state I flight to Fort Worth Eisenhower Encouraged by Trip to Europe By R H SHACKFORD London Dwight D Eisenhower said Tuesday that neither the United States nor any other country in the free world can afford to pull out of the com mon alliance against soviet imperi alism The supreme commander of the proposed Atlantic pact army threw his weight against suggestions from former President Herbert C Hoover and U S Sen Robert A Taft ROhio that the United States retire behind an American Gibraltar Stick Together Eisenhower did not mention either republican leader by name but he told a crowded press con ference Of one thing I am sure I thor oughly believe that the only way the free world can defend itself is for the free world to stick to gether No one of strong or afford to pull away from the others Each of us needs the other Eisenhower British Prime had lunch with Minister Clement R Attlee after the press confer ence and then left for Lisbon aboard his Constellation Confident The press conference was the 1st Eisenhower has held since his return to London And in it he put on the record his general apprais al of the European situation as he sees it Eisenhower said he was en couraged by what he has found so Iar and is confident that the At lantic army preserve succeed I have been greatly cheered by he obvious readiness of govern ments and citizens to meet the on erous requirements of the proj ect he said Rails Request 6 Per Cent Hike in Freight Rate Washington nations railroads Tuesday asked the In erstate Commerce Commission to authorize a 6 per cent increase in reight rates to offset increased costs of labor and supplies The railroads said that if the lew rates are approved by the federal commission and state com are being asked o approve like increases for in trastate shipments their reve nues will be increased annually The proposed increase would apply to all freight except 6 types on which increases also were re quested These 6 and the proposed in creases are Fresh fruits including citrus resh vegetables and melons 6 per 100 pounds lumber and rticles taking lumber rates now our cents per 100 pounds sugar 4 cents per 100 pounds and coal 8 cents per net ton FIRST ROBINS Kcokuk dozen robins Cic counted Monday by Frank at his home on the river oad outside Keokuk ;