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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, January 16, 1943

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 16, 1943, Mason City, Iowa WORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND UOINES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS VOL ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES flVB CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA SATUFlkY JANUAKY 16 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 85 REDS GET BACK INI 0 DONETS VALLEY 30 Jap Planes Shot Down in Solomon Islands2 HITSSCOREDON 3 DESTROYERS BY AMERICANS Action Apparently Result From Efforts to Reinforce Guadalcanal WASHINGTON The navy announced Saturday that Ameri can forces in the Solomon islands had shot down 30 Japanese planes damaged three destroyers md bombed and left burning a cargo ship in a series of actions appar ently resulting from determined enemy attempts to reinforce and supply Jap troops on Guadalcanal island Seven United States planes were lost On Guadalcanal itself a com munique said American troops continued to advance against stiff enemy resistance Gains of 3000 to 4000 yards were re ported The heaviest days righting re ported in the communique oc curred on Friday Solomons time beginning with an attack by a single Catalina reconnaissance plane against a group of five Japa nese destroyers 16 miles northeast of the Russell islands which are 60 nautical miles northwest of the American airfield en Guadalcanal The Catalina scored one direct hit and two nearhits on one of the destroyers and when last seen the vessel was aflame Later Friday morning a force of dauntless clive bombers escorted r riavyrriarTne corps wildcat fighters and army airacobra fight ers attacked nine Jap destroyers which were 140 miles northwest r Lunga point on Guadalcanal Two of the destroyers were reported seriously damaged Twelve Jap zero fighters at tempted to intercept this attack and eight were shot down One American dive bomber was forced down and five Ameri can fighters failed to return from the action Also during Friday morning an American plane patrolling the air around Guadalcanal engaged and shot down three Japanese zeros was no letup in the during the afternoon Army flying fortresses with army fighter escort of lightnings aira cobras and warhawks went into action against five enemy de miles southeast of in the Shortland Nazis on Receiving End of Red Blitz There lighting stroyers 37 Fasi island island area about 300 miles north west of Guadalcanal and in the general vicinity the Japanese air base at Munda if if None of the enemy vessels was hit the communique said but 12 enemy float type bi planes attempted to intercept Ihe assault and they were shot down No American planes were lost Friday evening a force of dive bombers with wildcat and aira cobra protection attacked an ene my cargo ship 37 miles northwest of Mimda scoring two direct hits and four nearhits and setting the vessel afire The American fighl crs drove off 12 enemy zeros shooting down seven of them One Anerican fighter failed to return The heavy fighting on Friday had been preceded Thursday by both Japanese and American aerial forays Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Cold wave Satur day afternoon and Saturday night Temperature Sunday morning Mason City 8 below Continued cold Sunday forenoon Occasional light snow Saturday nighl with strong winds IOWA Cold wave Saturday night Lowest temperatures by Sun day morning 510 degrees be low in the north and zero to 5 onscientious Objectors to Begin Work in Iowa Mental Hospitals for Test Period Move Will Help Relieve Pressing Shortage of Attendants Bodies of German soldiers scattered atop the snow around smashed vehicles above tell the story of the destruction of an axis column of men and machines by the Russians in the middle Don area north of Millerovo GINGER ROGERS WED TO MARINE Pasadena After 3 Month Romance HOLLYWOOD UR Actiess Ginger Rogers and Jack Galvin Briggs marine corps private eloped to Pasadena Cal Satur day and were married Doctor Edwin Day performed the ceremony in the First Meth doist church of Pasadena Miss Rogers and Briggs each wore plain gold band rings Briggs stationed at the marine corps base in San Diego obtained an unexpected leave and traveled o Los Angeles by train He and Miss Rogers drove immediately to Pasadena Miss Rogers obtained a three day vacation from her work on Lady in the Darkr the picture in which she is now starring Buddy de Silva Paramount producer suspended work on the million dollar film to give Miss Rogers the leave The 31yearold met the 22yearold marine only three months ago when she isited San Diego on a war bond selling tour Their romance developed without publicity and Miss Rogers an nouncement of her engagement came as a surprise Friday GINGER ROGERS lo Marine 5100 More Pennsylvania Miners Stay Away From Job above in the Fresh winds south portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 14 Minimum Friday night 2 At S a m Saturday 14 Snow 15 inches Precipitation 07 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 41 Minimum Packer Education Dean at SUI Will Army IOWA CITY ffii Paul C Packer dean of the college of edu cation at the University ofIowa for 20 years will leave Tuesday to accept a commission as major in the United States army Dean Packer who has been granted a leave of absence will be in command of group instruction in the special service division of the war departments service of supply It will include all Amer ican army camps and all foreign bivouacs The university dean is president II lof Ihe Slate Teachers association WLB Issues Ultimatum in Union Dues Boost WILKESBARBE Pa least 5100 additional anthracite miners due to report for work stayed away fiom their jobs Sat urday in the face of a new labor board ultimatum ordering 10000 to 17000 others to end their 18 day old wildcat strike immedia tely After the order was announced strike leaders in Washington voted to propose resumption of produc tion Monday The new idleness eame as rankandfile members ex pressed dissatisfaction with the WLB ruling They would not per the use of their names pending local union meetings called for late Saturday and Sunday to de cide whether the order will be heeded Three of the five additional lo cals out Saturday had adopted res olutions Tuesday saying they would strike unless a 50 cents a month increase in dues were elim inated by Jan 15 The resolutions did not mention the strikers de mand for a a day wage bonus Earlier Saturday UMW leaders insurgent and said they anticipated the strikers would go back to work Monday in compliance with the war labor board ultimatum which directed them to submit their grievances a demand for a a day wage processes provided in their working con tract The war labor board said ear lier this week that unless the walkout ended it would use all the power at its command to compel resumption of production The statement was taken as a strong indication that if neces sary the board would ask Presi dent Roosevelt to seize the strike bound mines in the name of the government WLB said the walkout had en dangered the prosecution of the war by creating a hard coal shortage throughout the north east Spokesmen who earlier said they expected Ihe other strikers to return would not authorize use of their names emphasizing that only the membership could decide whether to heed the WXB order The boards order represented a victory for shaggyhaired John L Lewis over thousands of miners revolting against his leadership The miners had asked the board to negotiate their demands for a S2 a day wage bonus and their protest against a 50 cents a month union dues increase Lew is in a defiant speech told the board at a hearing Friday that it had no authority to act in either argument Chairman William H Davis an nounced the boards decision after a 15minute executive session fol lowing the hearing He said If you have grievances you can take them up according to the contract does not provide for determination of the issue the next step is through this board One strike leader Gordon Eoberls vice president of a local said here will have to await the report of our president be fore deciding our next step The president William Salinski attended the hearing Lewis declaring that the board had no jurisdiction in the wage dispute said If it has then I say collective bargaining has disappeared and they might as well abandon their unions and let the representatives of government tell them how much they shall work for when they shall work and how courte ous they shall have to be to their foremen Lewis declared The board did not indicate whether it was considering appli cation its little steel formula for fixing wage increases in union disputes in which normal negotia tions had failed Lewis promised he would get the miners a wholesome in crease when contract negotiations reopen April 30 Estimates oE their present wages have ranged from to S850 daily Lewis told the board that only the union itself had authority to adjust its dues The strikers had protested that an increase from SI to monthly had been voted al a UMW consen tion at which delegates from bi tuminous coal fields held an un fair balance of power DBS MOINES Iowa board of control announced Sat irday the approval by national selective service headquarters of 25ivum Irial unit of conscien tious objectors to work as atten dants in Iowa mental hospitals The men will be used to re lieve a pressing attendant shortage which the board esti mated at 50 per cent and which it had been unable lo fill through any normal source of manpower Heads of the various Iowa la bor organizations and employ ment sources approved the plan which if the trial unit is success ful during Ihe 90day test period may help solve the boards seri ous labor problem Most of the men will come from the Menonite camp for objectors at Denison where 134 men now jire stationed but Ihe board also may draw from a similar camp at Weeping Water Ncbr if the Dcnispn camp fails to furnish sufficient men Similar use of ob jeclors has been approved for 10 slales the board said The board emphasized 1 No present employe will be displaced 2 Mo qualified applicant will be denied employment 3 Use of the objectors will be discontinued whenever sufficient Iowa labor becomes available tt will ropuirp several weekj BOARD GIVESUP EFFORT IN R R WAGE DISPUTE Confident Settlement Can Be Reached Without Resort to Strike Vote CHICAGO The National Mediation board announced Sal irday that it had abandoned its efforts lo mediate wage and closed hop demands of more than 900 000 nonoperating employes of class one railroads A statement issued by the board expressed confidence however that the dispute could be settled without resorting to a strike vole No threat lo the wartime rail road transportation system exists it this time the statement made GOLD WAVE HEADS FOR IOWA Weather Bureau Warns of 5 to 10 Below DESMOINES cold wave swept toward Iowa Saturday and the weather bureau warned tem peratures will drop to 5 to 10 de grees zero in the north por tion by Sunday morning Tem peratures arc expected from zero to 5 degrees above in the south Fresh snow fell in some portions of the stale Saturday after a heavy fall extended over the central and eastern areas Friday and Friday night A strong wind accompanied the snow but all roads were re ported open The state highway commission said rural highways in areas around Forest City Mason City Decorah and Dubuque were some what slippery but driving condi tions were not bad elsewhere Roads were reported nearly nor mal except through towns and ci ties where they were quite slip pery Precipitation from snow in cluded lown City 40 Dubuque 38 Fort Dodge 28 Charles City 25 Cedar Rapids 22 Davenport 17 Ames 15 and DCS Moincs 14 re the overthfi ork since each man selected by he board must be approved bj lational selective service head quarters The first 25 men will be lent to Mount Pleasant hospital the greatest shorlugc exists here There arc six mental hospitals md schools in Iowa at Moun leasant Independence Cherokee Clarinda Glenwood and Wood vartl The men will receive full maintenance including uni forms and S250 a month for personal needs Regular em ployes receive from S35 toS55 a month and full maintenance Pointing out the hospitals havi been losing men to the anner orces defense industries andi t western hospitals where the s higher P F Hopkins chairman of the board said Wo have exhausted ever means at our disposal to recrui abor iWe have advertised in th newspapers gone to the U S cm jloyment service and the vctor ans placement bureau We are turning to this sourc of labor solely and only becaus of our inability to get labor from any other source The move culminates nearly a year of negotiations with se lective service officials con ducted by the board with Col Lewis F Kosch head of the di vision of camp operation and Mai F C McLean his assis tant 3 The plan was approved the board said by A A Couch presi dent of the Iowa Federation of Labor Ben Henry head of the C O in Iowa and Capt John Quigley of ihe Veterans Place ment Bureau after each had sur veyed his own organization seek ing labor Tor the job clear The statement follows Concerning the dispute be Are Shot Down in Tunisian Battles BULLETIN LONDON UR Radio Mo rocco said Saturday that Ad miral Sir Andrew B Cunning ham allied naval commander in North Africa had announced the arrival there of a convoy of 66 vessels By WES GALLAGHER ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN AFRICA and RAF fighters and even bombers battled axis aircraft in he biggest scale aerial dogfight ng of the Tunisian campaign by day and night Friday blasting 23 Oerman and Italian planes from he skies it was announced Sat urday Aerial activity was intense over he entire Tunisian front More than half the toll was taken in two actions The Ger mans attempted a bomb ad vance allied airfields and lost seven planes Then P38 lighl nings and B23 Billy Mitchell bombers encased 0 axis trans port planes off the Tunisian coast and shot down seven more The allied communique report ing the Tunisian operations said Ground activity was limited to patroling on both sides In the course of operations of the Tunisian coast uy our mcxliim bombers and fighters large tween representatives of 15 co operating railway labor organiza tions and a large number of rail roads which was taken up in ma diation in Chicago Jan 7 1943 Railway labor organizations a well as labor organizations gen erally have jjledgcd the presiden would for the duration of the war pro vided the government would set up adequate machinery to hear and dispose of disputes The president lias provided the machinery in the railroad in dustry by the issuance of execu tive order No 9172 establishing the national railway labor panel of which Dr William M Lciser is chairman organizations son of Washington The railway labor have pledged themselves to use it and conform to it f Therefore the board as sumes even though this dispute has not been settled through mediation or throuKh agree ment to arbitrate that the rail way la Ivor ornanizatioiis will apply for appointment of an emergency hoard panel in ac cordance with the provisions of the executive order This would mean that there will be no necessity for taking n strike vote or fixing a date lo strike Consequently an orderly and peaceful procedure is pro vided and undoubtedly will be followed and there need be no concern of any threat to inter rupt interstate commerce Demands for a closed shop and wage increases of 20 cents an hour with a minimum of 70 cents an hour were served on the rail road companies Sept 25 1942 H was the first time the closed shop issue had been raised in labor schooner was bombed and al tacks were made on two escorted formations of enemy transpor planes transports and two cs corting fighters were shot down Other medium bombers attacke road and rail communication near Gabes Enemy fighters wer encountered One of them destroyed Friday night six enemy bomb During day light attacks on our airfield seven enemy aircraft were de strayed From all these operations cigl of our aircraft are Algiers had two alerts cluriii the night and was treated to display of aerial fireworks light guns went into action bu no damage was done The Lafayette escadrille of th French fighting force claimed first enemy planes of the cam paign The squadrons American built P40s shot down two Mcs serschmitt 109s repelling a rai on an airdrome Besides the planes shot down 14 more were damaged in the pas 48 hours a spokesman said He said the biggest single to Friday was taken by B25 an P38s which twice interceptc and engaged what apparent was the same figlitcrguardc flight of 50 transport planes These were flying southcas apparently taking supplies Rommels forces Five transports fell in flames i the first attack Two more ai two fighters were shot down i the second MAJOR 8AM LOOMS FOR KEY CITYOF ROSTOV 30 More Towns Are Engulfed in Drives of Russian Troops By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor Russias triumphant armies ad aiicing on a 25 mile front swept acl into the Donets valley Sat rday closed a semicircle avound ic great German bas2 at Rostov nd engulfed 30 more towns in ynchronized drives in the Cau asus and the Don river region Dispatches from Moscow said ic red armies had battled theii ay to the cast bank of the Donets ivcv 20 miles southeast of Ka icnsk while other soviet columns oiled into the SalManych hills verlooking the Manych river outheast of Rostov reports indicated that the battle for Rostov itself was about lo begin with the Russians preparing to storm across the Donets natural barrier lo the a climactic drive to cut off per haps 50000 German soldiers in southern Russia Already endangered by a west jound column only 60 miles away Rostov was newly menaced by olGen Nikolai F Vatulins Junior Senior ROTC Students at Ames to Be Inducted by March AMES Iowa State col lege junior and senior ROTC stu dents will be inducted into the army by the end of the winter quarter in March Col H T Odcll professor of military science and tactics said Friday night Senior students who would be graduated in June will be per mitted to continue in school for the spring quarter but will be in ducted thisquarter Colonel Odcll said Junior students however will be placed in active status at the end of the winter quarter and sent to replacement centers for a three month course which will take the place of the second year of ad vanced military at the college Seniors will be inducted at Camp Dodge during this quarter and those reporting in March will go to officer candidate schools im mediately aflcr the quarter ends here Ihr military professor stid relations between the nonoperating the lines and roups Buy IVar Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy 5 Perish as Plane Cashes in Takeoff SHREVEPORT La Fi men perished and two others c capcd fiom n flaming medium bomber which crashed on a take off from Bavksdale field near here Friday Barksdalc field offi cers sold the plane was only a few feet off the runway when it dipped to the ground rolled over and burned Several Liquor Stores Put on Limit of Pint a Week Action Taken After Buyers Raid Dwindling Iowa Whisky Stocks DES M01NES pint a week rule appeared to be fast spreading over the state Saturday as state liquor store patrons ap parently apprehensive over fu ture supplies continued their un precedented raids on dwindling whisky stocks A sales limitation of a pint a week is just onesixth of the weekly maximum allowed un der the slate liquor commis sions rationing rule but the commission repeatedly has tak en the view U is up to indivi dual store managers to stretch their stocksand lo see that the liquor sold is evenly divided among their customers Managers of the two liquor stores at Cedar Rapids announced Saturday a limit of a pint a week to a customer and that it would continue indefinitely The Waterloo stoic pul a simi lar regulation into effect earlier in the week while Ottumwa and Charles City already were on an allowance of a pint a person One source predicted half of the stores in the slate would bo on the pint a person ration in the near future if the runs on the stores continued Long lines of purchasers stand before the windows of most of the states 177 retail liquor slorcs while harrassed clerks attempt to fill orders from the stocks which in many places include only a limited number of brands Des Moincs and Mason City slorcs were still selling a quart to each customer and the Fort Dodge store had the same limi tation The liquor commission recently announced its allotment of liquor had been cut to about 60 per cent of what it purchased a year ago The commission first set a ra tion of J2 quarts a month to any permit book holder but later changed week this to three quarts Nazis Admit Trap Near Stalingrad for First Time German he G e r man high command said Satur day that in the area of Stalin grad our troops been engaged there for necks in he roic defensive battles against the enemy attacking from alt sides repelled further attacks Friday by strong enemy infantry and tank Thus the high command told the German people for the first time that the troops which pressed into Stalingrad last fall were trapped there sealed in a sovietsurrounded pocket be tween the Don and Volga middle Don army which cut UIE RostovMoscow railway at Glubo kaya and reached a point 90 miles northeast of the key German cita del Rec army headquarters said the nazi invaders were in complete rout retreating 20 miles or more a day and in their haste abandon ing 10000 head of cattle al one point Simultaneously black news for the axis came from almost every front in the global conflict and RAF warplanes blasted 23 axis planes from the skies in the biggest scale aerial dogfighting of the Tunisian campaign Friday allied head quarters announced Eight allied aircraft were lost An Italian communique said axis fighlers shot down 16 allied planes in fighting over Tunisia and Libya The fascist communique also re ported that fanklcd allied troops in Tunisia were forced to retreat while united nations headquarters said ground activity was limited to patrol scouting on both sides WESTERN AIK AVAR warplanes gave Hitlers European fortress another night of terror blasting the nazi Uboat base at Lpricnt France for the second night in a row and pounding tar gets in western Germany Holland and Belgium The British air ministry said big fires were left raging in the dock area at Lorient as the RAFs big bombers struck in bright moon light Other RAF planes striking in force shot up at least 15 railway engines along the nazioccupied coast strafed trains near Haze brouck Belgium and Y p r c s France and bombed a German airdrome It was the RAFs fifth succes sive night bombardment of the continent and the 10th this month NORTH AFRICA British headquarters reported a flurry of activity on the longstalled Lib yan front and declared that Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys 8th army inflicted casualties on the axis in several sectors The quickening netion followed on the heels of German reports that General Montgomery was preparing to resume his offen sive against nazi Field Marshal Erwin Rommels Africa corps in the desert some 180 miles cast ol Tripoli The Italian high command said violent ground fighting had broken out in Libya and asserted that allackine British troops were ;