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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 16, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME C P DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES oca H c i s iA HOME EDITION VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESSFUli LEASED WIRES J VE CENTS A COPY THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JANUARY 16 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE U S NAVY SINKS 5 JAP SHIPS Ships Sent to Bottom ARGENTINA IS URGED TO JOIN ANTIAXIS BLOC Border Dispute of Peru Ecuador Another Obstacle at Rio Parley By JOHN MCKNIGHT RIO DE JANEIRO tions that Argentina had changed her position and might swing into line With her sjstcr republics in a resolution calling for a break of all relations with the axis powers were seen Friday in informed quarters as the conference of American foreign ministers swung into action Preconference talks between her representatives and other conference leaders in which Argentina was said to have been brought under considerable pressure by her sister republics were believed to have averted a deadlock on the issue one of the most important on the agenda The last obstacle to accord however was not yet removed Observers expressed the belief that the border dispute between Peru and Ecuador left a stumbling block ia the path of harmonious V lution calling for a 100 per cent break in relations with the axis would be tested Friday It was placed before the conference Fri day morning by Colombias rep resentative Gabriel Turbay am bassador to Washington It was believed the resolution condemned the axis aggression against the United States as an at tack on all the Americas and pledged the American republics not to reestablish relations with the axis powers separately The text of thisand other reso lutions will not be made public until Monday A large factor in influencing Argentina which earlier had stood oat virtually alone against a complete severance of rela tions apparently was the posi tion of central American and Caribbean republics which al ready have declared war on the axis Their spokesman indicated they would not consent to compromise on the resolution whatever action the United States might take Their stand apparently was sup ported by the delegates from Venezuela Colombia and Mexico which already have broken rela tions with Germany Italy and Japan The Cuban delegation was among those which applied this pressure conferring outside the meeting rooms with Dr Enrique Ruiz Guinazu chief of the Argen tine delegation In Buenos Aires Acting President Ramon Castillo denied in a statement to the newspaper El Mundo that Argentina was withholding collaboration from the Rio de Janeiro conference He said the Argentine delega tion went to the Brazilian capi tal to discuss he best means of applying a system of collabora tion whose machinery he de clared never had been fully es tablished The conference opened Thurs day afternoon with a round of speeches which sounded a har monious note Ruiz Guinazu vigorously ap plauded with the other delegates references by United States Un dersecretary of State Sumner Welles leader of the U S dele gation to the Shibboleth of class ic neutrality and illusory neu trality in his speech Welles indicated he desired the Americas to break outright with the off the hemisphere from contagion as another mem ber of the U S delegation put it Much of Welles speech was de voted to the dangers of continued operation of axis diplomats and consuls in the Americas Welles urged the nonbelliger ents of the western hemisphere to abandon neutrality and to form a nnited front against ajr gression by driving out axis agents now serving as diplo mats He also urged the severing of economic relations with the axis by preventing business financial and trade transactions Sinking of Second Ship Is Confirmed WASHINGTON navy confirmed Friday that a merchant vessel had been sunk Thursday off the south shore of Ixm Island The vessel was an allied mer chant vessel of foreign registry the navy said officially corro borating the account of a sub marine action given out Thurs day hy the coast nard at Quo EUe Lone Island The navy said survivors were beine brought in but that it did not know their whereabouts Tlic name of the shio second to be attacked in New York waters in two days was not divulged nor was its type A mixup in naval communica tions was said to have caused the delav in official confirmation The navy has not yet re ceived full details it was said from the commandant of the third naval district at New York Thursday the coast guard said a coast guard plane had dropped food and drink to a small group of survivors seen in a lifeboat and on a raft The attack as re ported by the coast guard took place off Hampton Bays Long Island about 75 miles from New York City about a m Thurs day 32 hours after a submarine torpedoed without warning the PanamanianJankerrNorness about SO miles from the scene of Thurs days attack The axis underseas campaign extending the battle of the Atlan tic to American shores Friday brought toe threat of enemy mines as well as torpedoes to east coast shipping lanes Mines played an Important parl in Uboat successes in coastal waters during 1918 and it was fully expected here that the present transAHantic raid ers would resort to similar methods to boost their bag of tonnage There was a growing suspicion here that a pressing axis need for some quick and showy successes prompted the present raid just as much as any military considera tion One coincidence that did not completely escape the capitals no tice was that the raiders appear ance almost in the shadow of the statue of liberty was timed nicely tor the opening of the PanAmeri can conference at Rio De Janeiro The Italian press Thursday expressed tormented concern lest the result of the conference woutd be the solid alignment of South America against the new order Informed sources here noted that the axis has frequent ly resorted to the implied threat technic using everything from hlopdandfire news reels o the mistake bombs which have fallen from time to time on Eire The bold underseas loray it was pointed out might well serve even more apparent propaganda pur poses The most obvious was the Werewithyou gesture to Tokio which has yet to join the RomeBerlin end of the axis in war against the Soviets There was alio the hypodermic effect that spectacular raiding might have on the German and Italian home fronts after the depressing reverses in Russia and Libya And there was Vichy which has shown less collaboration zeal since the United States entered the conflict Two tilings about the current raid have led some familiar with submarine warfare to be some what dubious that its purpose was strictly military They pointed out that it was a punishing season of the year for transAHantic sub marine World war raiders all waited for summer that the first sink ing reported was noleworthy in one respect for the expenditure of torpedoes it involved The known types of ocean going submarines in the German and Italian navies arc believed to carry a dozen torpedoes In view of this limited supply considerable surprise was ex pressed in naval ciricles that hc raider which sunk the Pan amanian anker Xorness off Long Island Wednesday used three torpedoes even Ihousrh the ship was less than 10000 tons Accounts of this attack indi Colled to Service as Infantry Colonel Hanford MacNider colonel in the infantry of the reserves has been called into active duty Colonel IMacNider who served with distinction in Wortd war I has been given a special assign ment in the army He will leave lUason City Saturday Mason Cityan Dies of Burns in Algona Fire Allen Rob erts 1216 Monroe avenuer north west Mason City died of burns received in an accident involving four trucks and a passengercar four miles west of here on high way 18 about 3 a m Friday The cab of Roberts truck caughl fire when it was crushed beneath the trailer after he had collided with another semitrailer truct parked on the highway He was pinned in the flaming cab and died at the scene of the accident short ly after being removed from the truck County Coroner R A Evans said an inquest would be held Fri day night No others were se riously injured in the crash Roberts is survived by his wife five children John Tesene a stepson of Manly Elizabeth Jane Beverly Ardella Robert and Da vid all at home three sisters Mrs Lee Thompson of Austin Minn Mrs Art Zanders of Sargent Minn and Mrs Phil Byers of Fairmont and his mother Mrs R W Roberts Austin Funeral arrangements have not yet been completed The body was taken to the McAuley and Son fu neral home at Mason City Over 19000 Employed at 2 Ordnance Plants DES MOINES num ber of persons employed at Iowas two ordance plants has passed the 19000 mark the state bureau of labor announced Payrolls exceed 51000000 a week cated that the raider fired three torpedoes into the ship in quick succession without waiting to de termine whether the first had struck a death blow This was con sidered a prodigal expenditure of torpedoes The missiles arc ex tremely U S navy pays S10000 apiece for those it an experienced sub marine commander is not wont to fire any more than necessary in enemy waters unless lie has orders to make doubly or triply sure of his victim Tlje number of torpedoes used in the second reported sinking was not disclosed Coast guard officials at Quoguc L I said merely that a second ship had gone down Thursday 19 miles off shore The coast guards report has yet to receive official cor roboration at the navy depart ment here officials explaining that they had not been given any information thus far on the at tack Definite evidence of enemy mining operations has not yet materialized as far as can be learned ffom naval announce ments However World war ex perience shows that the mines sowed by underseas raiders ac counted for onefourth 6f their bag Defense Savings Stamps for sale at GloheGazcltc business office RUSSIAN TANKS SMASH AT NAZI HELDTAGANROG Red Armies Pressing Attack Tighten Trap on Germans in Crimea By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Mosses of Russian tanks were reported smashing Friday at the gates of Gemianheld Taganrog 40 miles west of KostovonDon as Marshal Scmeon Timoslienkos red armies pressed a general counteroffensive through the Uk raine and lightened a trap on 100 000 Germims in the Crimea The soviet forces are now battering fiercely at the gates of Taganrog a British radio broadcast said Russian troops were reported fighting the invaders a few miles from Simferopol Hie Crimean capital 40 milesnorth of Sevasto pol on the railroad to the Russian mainland Tiie direction of the soviet thrust against Simferopol was not given but in any case the threat against the mnin northsouth rail line at Simferopol sharply en dangered the Germans chances of escaping On the basis of previous soviet reports the German forces at Taganrog had long since been isolated by Russian columns which bypassed the city in pursuit of the main axis armies retreating along the Sea of Azov toward Mariupol Soviet frontline dispatches chronicled an unbroken series of Russian triumphs along the entire 1200mile battlelinc from Lenin grad to the Black sea V f In the northeast Ukraine red army troops were reported heavily assaulting German forces at Khar kov Russias Pittsburgh of the Donels river industrial basin aft er piercing the citys outer de fenses at several points On the central front the phrase history repeats itself took on gloomy new significance for the Germans as red army spearheads adopting nazi en circlement tactics threatened half a dozen anchor points on Adolf Hitlers winter defense line A bulletin from Hitlers field headquarters making the first claim of a major nazi success in weeks asserted that German in fantry had wrested control of an important locality from strong red cavalry forces on the central front The soviet information bureau said 14000 Germans were slain in the central front and such war equipment as 331 field guns and 50 tanks were seized in the period from Jan 615 Guerrillas aiding soviet regu lars were officially declared to have killed 120 Germans in a Crimean attack On the norfh African front Free French troops were reported ready for their first land attack on the Germans since the armistice of Compiegne supporting British imperial and allied legions batter ing away at axis holdout forces in Halfaya Hellfirc pass The French were said to be fully equipped with tanks and ar mored as were the DeGaul list troops who fought against the Italians in Ethiopia and Eritrea to help wreck Premier Mussolinis Italian cast Africa empire last year Far fo the west mobile British columns were moving slowly for ward along the Gulf of Sirte coast battling stiff resistance by rear guards covering the retreat ot Gen Erwin Rommels axis armies Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY No precipitation Friday afternoon and Friday night rising temperatures IN MASON CITY statistics II GlobeGazette weather Maximum Thursday Minimum in Night At 8 am Friday 16 YFAR AGO Maximum 2 Minimum 27 Precipitation trace Nelson Shows His War Aims Donald M Nelson chief of all United States war pro duction as chairman of the new war productions hoard is shown above in his Washington office with a poster that will be used in the campaign to step up manufacture of munitions Japanese Column Retreats in Face of Aussie Attack British Bombers Aid as Men From Down Under By HAROLD GUARD United Press Staff Correspondent WITH THE ADVANCED IM PERIAL FORCES IN MALAYA imperial forces led by hard fighting Australians struck back at the Japanese by land and air Friday after routing an enemy lank and infantry col umn which retreated in disorder The Australians are doing a magnificent job in checking the enemy along the entire western Malaya front Maj Gen Henry Gordon Bennett their comman der said after initial successes in which 18 to 20 Japanese tanks were reported destroyed or knocked out of action Bennett emphasized that the Australians were fighting to de lay and destroy the enemy rather than to hold a firm line at present and said that the Japanese offensive had been de layed by at least 24 hours At least six or eight Japanese tanks were smashed and 200 Japa nese were killed in the first clash with the Australian reinforce ments while 10 other tanks were cut off and knocked out in the same sector and others were re ported blasted by dynamite or land mile explosions At the same time British bomb ing planes striking at the Japanese front and rear lines reported they had knocked out a number of enemy vehicles In the Tninpin area of the west coast about 120 miles north of Singapore the Brit ish bombers repeatedly attacked enemy railroad and Hghway lines A Malaya general headquar ters communique issued at Singapore said the British planes damaged railroad tracks and left vehicles afire Maj Gen Henry Gordon Ben nett commanding the Australian imperial force told me hat the Australians specially trained in jungle fighting had gone into ac tion at p m Wednesday for the first time only a few hours after their arrival al the front in a great and perfectly effected movement northward Then in their first offensive action of the battle for Singapore at dawn the Australians ambushed a Japanese tank and infantry column which was pushing south ward They wailed until the Japanese had approached and then at tacked Two Japanese hcavv tanks were destroyed in the first as sault i Four more it was said official ly were destroyed in later tight ing before the Japanese broke Eight to 10 Japanese tanks which Gen Gordon Bennett said had evidently managed to cross damaged bridges were blocked by the Australians He added that Australian casual ties were surprisingly light and that the estimate of 200 Japanese killed was conservative Our first contact with the enemy has delayed the enemy ad vance at least 24 hours Gen Gor don Bennett said lads aredoinga magnHf cent job Theygave the enemy jippo Gen Gordon Bennett said his order of the day to his troops as they went into action included Ourjob is not only to delay the Jap but to destroy Jiim So far everything has gone satisfactorily and according to plan he said I ani most grati fied because an initial success is always heartening But we must not be overconfident There is a tremendous task ahead and there will be hectic fighting for the next three or four days Describing tlic Japanese ad vance he said that bicycle troops came first covered by intensive dive bombing attacks and followed by first light and then heavy at tacks When the Australians attacked their first column he said the Japanese ran screaming into the jungle The Australians went up to meet the Japanese and it was an ad vanced section which met and routed them Unofficial reports from the fighting lines said the Japanese column which the Australians ambushed had been almost wiped out The Australians won their vic tory despite the bombing and ma chine gunning of planes supporting the enemy The first Australian engage ment was at the eastern side of the west Malaya front General headquarters at Singapore report ed that there was now some con tact with the Japanese on the west side V Reporting British aerial opera tions the general headquarters communique said British bombing planes had sunk a number of barges on the Japaneseoccupied west coast and had attacked land targets It said that ot least one Japan ese plane was shot down in the Singapore area Thursday and that three were damaged One Japanese plane was shot down over Singa pore Friday morning tlte com munique said Singapore reported two nir raid alerts during the morning when Japanese planes bombers and fighters approached but were fought off by British fighter planes and were forced to drop their bombs far from the city S UTTest Beira m Taken by Iowa Pupils IOWA CITY of education officials announced that pupils in 350 Iowa schools ore taking examinations for the Uni versity of Iowas 1342 testing pro gram Yank Tars Hammer at Japanese By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A spectacular American naval triumph was reported by the navy Friday with the announcement that the U S Asiatic ileet has sunk three anemy transports and two large Japanese cargo ships in western Pacific waters The n a v y s announce ment the biggest Ameri can success at sea in the five weeks old boosted to 24 the total number of Japanese war s h i ps and noncombatant vessels sunk by the U S navy and marine forces Only Thursday the navy announced the sinking of a fast 17000ton Japanese liner ot the Yawata class which could be converted into an air craft carrier The navy acknowledged that the threat of axis submarines hover ing off the Atlantic coast remains and it Confirmed the tprjjeflpsinkirig ofa foreign reg istry 3fiip Thursday 20 miles off Long second victim in New York waters within 30 hours Survivors of the sunken craft arc now beirifr brought in tiie navy said Coast guard officials at Quoguc Long Ishmd reported Thursday that one ot their patrol plynes liad sighted an unidentified tanker wliioh had been attacked by ene my warcrafl and lliat the plane had dropped food and whisky to H crewmen bobbing ibout in a lilcboiit nid ruft in i lieuvy sey The first attack occurred in ihc postmidnight blackness of Wed nesday morning when the 9577 ton Panama tanker Korness wis liit by three torpedoes and left in n sinking condition All but two of the 40 men and officers were rescued MOVE TO DES MOINES DES MOINES ami county school officials said a steady increase in school enroll ment indicates many employes of the DCS Moincs ordnance plant have moved their families hero Dutch Forces Battle Japs on Celebes By JOHN R MORRIS United Press Staff Correspondent B A T A V 1 A forces were fighting stoutly Fri day against Jnpimcsc invasion forces in ihc Minnbassa area of Celebes island and Netherlands submarines mid airplanes pitrolctl Indies waters seeking Japanese fleets which were expected to strike soon in new regions Japanese attacks were fore seen on both Balik Papan on the Borneo coast across the Macas sar strait from Celebes and on Amlioina island the second most important naval base of the Netherlands East Indies 300 miles southeast of the Celebes invasion area across the Molucca sea Air raids on both Balik Papan and Amboina had intensified md it was believed certain ihit Japa nese seaborne ind airtransported troops would attack them soon There bad been almost no for days from the Minahassa area 01 Celebes It was reported ihjit the little Dutch garrison with an intimate knowledge of tlic terrain was con tinuing a successful resistance to overwhelmingly more numerous Japanese Officials on the basis of com plete reports were thoroughly sat isfied with the demolition of oil well facilities on Tarakan island which ihc Japanese had taken after a three day fight It was now known that every thing on the island which the Japanese might use bad been blown up At the same time it was emphasized that the loss of Tarakans oil would not handicap the defense of liie Netherlands East Indies because the island pro duced only 10 per cent o the is lands oil JUNGLE TRAINED AUSSIE TROOPS SMASH AT JAPS Empire Trpops Given Baptismal in Battle Inflict Heavy Losses By ROGER D GREENE Associated Tress War Editor Bronzed jungle t r ai n c d Australian troops whooping into battle with a song were officially credited Friday with mashing a column of Japa nese tanks and infantry in their first engagement with the Mikados invasion hordes and Britons in Singapore thrilled to a hope that the Malayan retreat finally was ended British headquarters said the Australians getting their baptismal taste of ac tion in the Malay campaign inflicted heavy casualties on the Japanese and de stroyed six tanks On the Malay west coast British imperials were report ed to have Blasted 14 more Japanese tanks mored cars out of action1 The general situation remains unchanged a Singapore com munique announced indicating that the Japanese advance had been at least momentarily checked In ihc Philippine war theater a Rome radio broadcast reported that the Japanese fleet was ill action off the Batan peninsula where Gen Douglas MacArthurs forces arc maUing a heroic stand The broadcast said a night landing was carried out with somewhere aloiiK the liatan coast in the rear of the American forces in the main battle line No details were given A war department bulletin re ported that Japanese shock troops with special training were at tempting aggressive infiltration into Batan peninsula and that fighting of varying intensity con tinued all along the line The communique said Japanese attack planes and divebombers were striking incessantly against General MacArthurs troops and artillery positions V tf The description of Japanese troops as having special training not amplified but this might refer to parachute troops or forces experienced in coastal landing operations Many reports reaching Gen eral iMncArlliurs headquarters from the occupied areas indicate that tltc enemy is systematically looting and devastating the en tire countryside the war de partment said On the Malay front British dis patches said a Japanese armored column was allowed to advance over a bridge prepared for demoli tion and when the column passed over the bridge was blown up British artillery hidden in the green jungles then opened fire on the invaders inflicting heavy casualties and the Japanese ran for the dispatches said Meanwhile Japanese bombers struck new blows against the Duuh East Indies Clicking the big Ainboinn navalair base near the eastern extremity of the far flung Indies archipelago and Me dan military air base in Dutch Su matra across the narrow Malacca strait from Malaya Evidence that Singapores aerial defenses had been strongly rein by allied United States and Dutch re flected in the British commu nique report that large forces of aircraft were slashing at the in vaders The communique said British bombers attacked Japanese rolling slock and other transport In the Tampin area 120 miles northwest of Singapore sank a number of barges at Suncci Iinciri and damaged others and pounded targets at Sugnci Pa tani northeast of Japaneseoccu pied island off the west coast of Malaya Mililary dispatches said British troops reinforced by fresh Aus ;