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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 16, 1936, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLII FIVE CENTB A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JANUARY 16 1936 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 86 HAUPTMANN GETS 30 DAYS REPRIEVE Amendment Not Popular Little Chance Seen of Move to Curb High Court amendment will By CHARLES P STEWART ASHINGTON Jan 16 Amending the constitution s o as to deprive the federal supreme court of the pow er to nullify acts of congress does not seem to me a very popular idea Whenever a cons titutionally doubtful law is on trial before the high tribunal hints are heard that the nine old men will be advised in its favor or an be put through greatly curtailing their authority If they do decide against it however no particularly vigorous effort is made to do any curtailing Nullification of AAA for example has not been followed by much of a campaign to clip the august nines tailfeathers Such a campaign was threatened beforehand but it has not developed Two or three resolutions have been introduced on capitol hill calling for votes on an amendment but there is little ginger back of them Not only congress but the ex ecntive administration too even af ter seeing its two favorite alpha beticals knocked into pi apparently shies away from the notion of urg ing limitation of the supreme courts jurisdiction Takes a Long Time For one thing the democratic management has too many emergen cy problems on its hands to fancy taking on a longtime task like amending the job would take a year at least probably two or three years To be sure the proposition might be made a 1936 election issue Maybe It will be but there are signs that the administration is chary of concentrating on it It is a legal technicality at best Not overly inspiring At worst from the administra tions standpoint a lot of voters might fly to the defense of the su preme court as the countrys most effective defense against fascism or communism It can be so represent ed pretty logically No Specific Right It infuriates new dealers that the supreme bench assumes the right to nullify congressional acts Their complaint is that the constitution gives it no such it was usurped by the judiciary This is true The constitution does give no such power to the judiciary Chief Justice John Marshall did as sume if not usurp it in the early history of the republic But he got away with He did it so thor oughly that nothing short of a con stitutional amendment can upset the precedent he established Cautious new dealers are far from certain that when the subject comes to be fully argued they can convince the electorate of the de sirability of answering in the af firmative Checks and Balances The foundling fathers created a governmental system of checks and legislative group to pass laws and an executive irroup to enforce them subject to I judicial groups right to interpret Justice Marshall perhaps overdid the matter of interpreta tion which is somewhat different from nullification He usurped the latter obviously Nevertheless he succeeded in em balming in the United States gov ernmental system the thought that congress even if it wishes to Jo so cannot delegate its lawabiding to the executive group This sort of a delegation of power to the president his departments His bureaus and his independent of fice and commissions is necessary to make the new deal function The supreme court rules it unconsti tutional From Worst Angle I have seen other countries with constitutions which have said their constitutions were unceremoniously suspended Illustratively in Spain and In Italy and in various South Ameri can republics I have seen notices posted on blank walls announcing the constitution is hereby sus executive authority Now If congress were to vote authority to the president of the United States and If there were BO supreme court to hold It un constitutional per se it could be done here also And a dictatorship would follow How would folks like I that kind of a dnewmount t Senate Agrees to Take Up Bonus Bill Friday MNARY WINS HIS PLEA FOR DAYS WAIT FOR STUDY Bill to Pay Fanners on Contracts Is Approved by Committee WASHINGTON Jan 16 The senate agreed today to start consideration of the baby bond bonus payment bill tomorrow after Republican Leader McNary had urged a days delay under the rules Chairman Harrison of the finance committee sought floor consideration today But McNary said in all fairness to members who have not read the bill and the committee report submitted only late yesterday the fullpayment measure should go over until to morrow Agree to Consent The senate then agreed to Harri sons unanimous consent request that debate begin tomorrow Senator King intro duced a substitute bill providing for payment now of only the cash sur render or present value of the 20 year adjusted service bonus cer tificates which he estimated would save A bill to pay con tracting farmers under the AAA started through congress today as new deal chieftains again assembled at the white house to discuss the agricultural problem Committee Approves A measure by Senator McNary the republican leader quickly was approved by the senate agriculture committee It would authorize a appropriation to meet financial obligations of the govern ment under crop production con tracts entered into prior to Jan date of the AAA invalidation by the supreme court The committee also approved a bill for seed and feea loans on 1936 crops It was spon sored by Chairman Smith S one of those called to Presi dent Roosevelts office May Bolster Defense With Japans departure from the London naval parleys it was report ed that there are movements in con gress to bolster army and navy strength Senator Pittman chair man of the senate foreign relations committee said further naval lim itation efforts are It was said there are tentative plans to ask the house naval committee to ap prove funds for construction and modernization of ships LITTLE AMERICA Head of Ellsworth Rescue Expedition Reports Man Sighted on Bay LONDON Jan 16 cap tain of the Discovery n searching for the missing explorer Lincoln Ellsworth indicated in a report to day that an airplane had been sighted in Little America and that a man had been seen on the Bay of Whales The report did not identify the man or the airplane The committee in charge the Discovery IIs rescue expedition an nounced officially A message has been received by the Discovery committee from the master of the Discovery II reporting that the boat arrived at the Bay of Whales at 10 p m Jan 15 The message indicates one man was sighted from a plane and also a ma chine at Little Kipling Loses Some of Recovery Gains LONDON Jan 16 Kipling lost some of the ground he had gained toward recovery from the emergency operation he under went Monday for a perforated stomach ulcer Kiplings condition is not quite so satisfactory this morning and still gives rise to great said a bulletin issued today Injured in Car Crash CITY Jan 16 Umbenstock of Solon is In a hos pital here with severe cuts and bruises suffered when his car crashed into a CCC truck a mile north of Solon 14 Are Killed in Red Cross in Air Bombing WAR AT A GLANCE By Associated Press ADDIS re ported destruction of a Red Cross unit at Waldia on the northern front by three Italian bombing planes The hospital headed by a British officer fell in a rain of bombs in which 14 Ethiopians were killed and 35 others wounded fighting along the entire southern front engag ing more than warriors continued Italian sources at Rome said with the Ethiopian in full BREST battle ships cruisers and destroyers steamed away for maneuvers off the African coast following 1t submarines which left Wednes day ADVANCE OF 40 MILES CLAIMED BY ITALIANS Italys high command Thursday announced a 40 mile fiercely disput ed advance along the entire Somali Innd front in southern Ethiopia while the Ethiopian government claimed destruction by Italian bombs of a Red Cross unit headed by a British officer at Waldia on the north Authoritative British sources pointing to Mondays meeting of the league of nations council at Geneva insisted that death notices for oil sanctions were premature Great Britain these sources said will adhere to whatever action the council and they believed there was a distinct possibility of an oil embargo against Italy Battle on River Marshal Pietro Badoglio the Ital ian high commander in Ethiopia an nounced complete success in a battle on the Ganale Dorya river which accompanied the Italian ad vance He said Ethiopian troops were re tiring in disorder and that their casualties were Nothing was said about Italian losses in this most important bat tle ofthe war reportedly involving more than warriors An official communique from Ad dis Ababa said seven old men and seven women died in the Waldia bombing Tuesday morning and that 35 others were injured The British Red Cross announced Major Gerald Burgoyne the hospital director was not employed by that organization and it was assumed he merely was commanding an Ethiopian Red Cross unit The major was reported unin jured Departure Is Imminent Informed Addis Ababa observers believed Emperor Haile Selassies de parture from Dessye for the north ern battlefront might be imminent His 11 year old son Prince Makon nen arrived in Addis Ababa Thurs day by plane from Dessye The air raid on the hospital mid way between Dessye Emperor Haile Selassies field headquarters and Makale spearhead of the Italian drive in the north resulted in des truction of half of the town by fire the Ethiopian report said Three planes made the the communique reported Six big bombs of 330 pounds each were dropped in the court of the Red Cross unit which was plain ly marked with the Red Cross in signia Instruments Destroyed Tents and surgical instruments were The Red Cross unit was establish ed by Major Burgoyne at the re quest of the Ethiopian emperor af ter Burgoynes services as military instructor had been rejected Three governments previously have protested fascist bombings of hospitals and towns Sweden and Egypt for specific attacks and Ethi opia against an Italian policy it termed merciless The battles along the southern front which started Sunday drew native dubats from Italian somaliland into conflict against 000 Ethiopians under Ras Desta Demtu the emperors soninlaw In Full The Italian report described the defenders in full retreat after running fights down the valleys of the Ganale Doria and the Dawa Parma Stocked with provisions for three months French battleships cruisers and destroyers steamed away from the Brest harbor for maneuvers off the northwestern coast of Morocco The ships followed in the wake of 14 submarines which put out to sea Wednesday British ships were con gregating off the coast of Spain Readers Please Note All on Page I Now In this edition of the GlobeGazette a little experiment in newspaper makeup is being launched All continuations from Page 1 are being eliminated in the belief that it will serve the convenience and desire of our readers In short from now on as long as this policy is in force you can finish any frontpage story without having to turn a one exception Stories in the righthand outside too long to go in the page be continued in the first news column on Page 2 This means that readers will merely turn the page just as they do when reading a book No continuation line will be used because none will be needed Such tests as we have made ourselves and numerous scientific surveys havedisclosed that many readers indeed one might almost say most readers do not trouble them selves to turn to the jump pages in the case of continua tion stories On the front page each day as in this issue there will be a rule box with picture usually calling attention to fea tures on inside pages some of which by the nature of things have been crowded off Page 1 by reason of the makeup policy here described As stated this is in the nature of an experiment If readers like it it will be made permanent From time to efforts will be made to determine whether the plan is meet ing with popular favor The Wisconsin State Journal a Lee newspaper published at Madison conceived and inaugurated this policy of no continuations from Page 1 more than a month ago It has been so well received that in that brief time more than a score of other dailies throughout America mostly metropolitan have adopted and D D Mich the Journals managing editor cited as making important contribution to the progress of journalism Readers will be conferring a favor upon this newspaper perhaps upon for the next week or two they will keep a critical eye on the plan here announced Is it pleasing or displeasing to you Is the GlobeGazettes presentation of the news of the day made more effective or less effective Let us hear from you JAPAN DENIES IT PLANS NAVY RACE 4 Remaining Powers Study Exchange of Shipbuild ing Information Copyright 1936 liy The LONDON Jan four power naval conference at its initial session following the secession of Ja pan agreed today to take up consid eration of a mutual exchange of shipbuilding information The conferees Great Britain the United States France and Italy de cided in principle that such an ex change was essential They will at tempt to frame an agreement on this subject Japans chief delegate Admiral Osami Nagano announced Japan has no intention of engag ing in a naval race despite the ab sece of a limitation agreement and I sincerely hope no competition in building of warships will develop be tween Japan and the United William Phillips United States undersecretary of state also decided to leave after todays session of the depleted conference to catch the liner Manhattan for home and deliv er a first hand report of the devel opments to President Roosevelt Voters Reject Franchise BEDFORD Jan 16 voters rejected 467 to 293 a 25 year franchise to the IowaNebraska Light and Power company of Lin coln for light and power ser vice TheWeather FORECAST IOWA Snow probable Thurs day night and Friday Rising temperature Friday and in ex treme west late Thursday night MINNESOTA Snow probable Thursday night and Friday ris ing temperature In extreme west Thursday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at a oclock Thursday morning Maximum Wednesday 11 Above Minimum in Night 4 Above At 8 A M Thursday 15 Above Snowfall 5 Inch Precipitation 07 Inch PUBLIC WEDDING JUST BIG BRAWL Divorce or Annulment Seen as Bride Resents Her Rough Treatment CLINTON Jan 16 or annulment proceedings loomed today as the aftermath of a public wedding last night which began and ended in a brawl As the bride Miss Marie von Es sen a waitress entered the hall she was struck on the forehead as a skillfully flung beer bottle or glass hurtled through the air It was nec essary to take time out until she could recover from a daze One of her wedding adornments was a bump as large as a walnut on her 1 forehead The ceremony was performed by Municipal Judge W A McCullough Today it appeared as though Judge McCullough would have other duties i to perform as an aftermath Adjourn to Hotel Following the ceremony the bridal party adjourned to a local hotel The celebration became so hilarious police were called to restore quiet and to eject celebrators Meanwhile the bridal couple dis agreed The bridegrooms sister took part in the quarrel The bride left her husband She returned to her boarding house Frank Bohnson the bridegroom had ideas of his own He remained the solitary occupant of the bridal suite Interviewed this morning Bohn son denied illwill toward his bride Bride Is Through Im a married he said and we are in wedlock for a life The buxom bride ver sion You can say will seek an an nulment or divorce this she told a reporter who interviewed her at her bedside The bride also threatened to file assault and battery charges against Bohnson and his sister Mrs Isabel Petersen whom she claims laid rough hands on her Funny Felix Adler famous cir cus clown was master of ceremonies for the wedding It may be said that Funny Felix was attired in the costume familiar to circusgoers HEARST WARNS SUBSTITUTE AAA MAY BE HELD UP Sees Grave Danger It Will Not Be Voted This Session DES MOINES Jan 16 Charles E Hearst Iowa Farm Bu reau federation president warned Iowa farmers today that thehe is grave danger a substitute pro gram for the AAA will not be voted by the present session of congress I do not Hearst declar ed in his swan song presidential address to the federation del egates that farmers of this land have any assurance except their own interest in the situation that any worthwhile legislation will be enacted at the present session I know it would be more pleas ant to tell you that the agricultural leaders who assembled in Washing ton were buoyed up by confidence that new would be en acted soon enough to avert future disaster Con Be Framed It is believed that legislation can be framed in such a way as to be constitutional or at least in such a way as to avoid the danger of be ing thrown clear out of this ground But who knows whetlrer con gress is willing to pass such legisla tion Remember it took several years of ceaseless effort to pass the McNaryHaugen bill through con gress and that after the bill was twice vetoed the export debenture bill which later received the sup port of organized agriculture nev er even passed congress Remember too that many months were required to pass the original AAA and that the strife for amendments lasted through two sessions of congress Urges Serious Thought Consequently I urge farmers to devote their serious thought to the emergency now confronting them I believe that the time has come when if agriculture is to get any thing in the way of honest consider ation from this session farmers must fight for the economic justice due them as they have never fought be fore Our security the AAA is taken from us If we are to escape ttie status of a voiceless landless ex ploited peasantry then we must ask our senators and representatives to stand by us Attacks High Court Hearst bitterly assailed the United States supreme court for its decisions wrecking the AAA and turning in processing taxes impounded in processors in junction suits over to the proces sors These he declared have their fingers outstretched for vast sums in taxes which they have taken from farmers and consum Hearst who is retiring as Iowa Bureau president after 13 years de clared the supreme court decision invalidating the AAA virtually wiped out the farm program that was 15 years in the Coasting Accident Victim 13 Dies DES MOINES Jan 16 Wayne Rousb 13 whose skull was fractured in a coasting accident died in a hospital here today ON THE INSIDE PIERRE LAVAL Premier Laval Wins Vote of Confidence ON PAGE 2 Mason City Will Get Additional WPA Funds ON PAGE 5 Probe Chicago Story of Lindbergh Ransom ON PAGE 6 Order Taxes Returned to 5 Chicago Packers ON PAGE 3 M L Wilson Talks to Iowa Farm Bureau ON PAGE 3 Knutson Again Elected Hardware Mutual Head ON PAGE 3 Dean Nora Springs Is Guilty of Assault ON PAGE 4 REORGANIZATION PLAN FOR GOBEL Expect Refund of Process Taxes Collected by Deckers NEW YORK Jan 16 modified reorganization plan for Adolph Gobel the consumma tion of which depends on an ex pected refund of in pro cessing taxes collected by its former subsidiary J E Decker and Sons Mason City which it claims are now payable to Gobel was submitted to the annual meeting of stockholders yesterday and will be presented to the court Jan 30 It proposes three options for pay ing off of 6 per cent debentures These include cash in full plus interest since November 1934 cash or part of a new 4V4 per cent issue dated 1911 and con vertible into common at i share at present and later 105 per cent of a new 4A debentures President Skipworth told the meeting the company showed a net loss of during the year ended Nov 2 1935 after processing I taxes Jammed Speed Indicator Dug Out of Plane Wreck GOODWIN Jan 16 Investigators dug a jammed speed indicator today from the muddy swamp where 17 persons died in the crash of a luxury airliner and there by found their first clew to the cause of the nations worst plane travel disaster The official inquiry headed by Eugene L Vidal assistant secretary of commerce for aeronautics must depend on mute evidence to fix the cause of The Southerners plunge Tuesday night None aboard the giant plane when it ripped down into the wooded Arkansas swamp was left alive The pitifully torn bodies of the four women 12 men and a child were being returned to their families to day while state rangers stood guard over the twisted wreckage to pre vent further looting The air speed indicator jammed at 180 miles an three times the planes landing was enigma as well as clew With it buried deep in the mud were found the ignition switches which were on and the switch con trolling the landing lights It was off The big twinmotored Douglas had a top speed of about 200 miles cruised at 180190 and landed at 6570 Thus if the broken instru ment showed the speed at the time of impact The Southerner was thundering along at full cruising speed when it smashed into the GOVERNOR ACTS AFTER SUPREME COURT REFUSES Aged Witness at Trial Asks for Ticket to Execution HAUPTMANN AT A GLANCE By Associated Press Governor Hoffman g r a n t a Hauptmann reprieve of 30 days Supreme court refuses to save Hauptmann from electric chair Unsubstantiated report says new figure made purported con fession to Governor Hoffman counsel deny Mrs Hauptmann makes last visit to husband prisoner report ed calm HOFFMAN SAYS REPRIEVE WELL BE LAST GIVEN TRENTON N Jan 16 Governor Hoffman today announced a reprieve for 30 days for Bruno Richard Hauptmann The governors announcement read The attorney general and I have been in conference on this matter and I have decided to announce a reprieve of 30 days We have agreed that this will not be It is my intentioin to grant only this one reprieve There will be no further The governor pointed to H pre vious reprieves as ample precedent for his decision His The governor added he was ing the reprieve for diverse reasons known to He said he considered it an act of executive clemency and that there would be no extensioin of the re pieve unless the evidence war ranted The governor acted after the su preme court at Washington had re jected Hauptmanns appeal for a ha beas corpus writ Simultaneous with an announce ment by Governor Hoffmans press aid here that the governor had no knowledge of any confession in the Lindbergh case it was stated in other high sources today There has been a confession and it is by some one other than Bruno Rich ard Have New Affidavit Before the governor also was a new affidavit by Samuel Small professional penman of New York to the effect that Hauptmann could not possibly have written the ran som notes which were a great fac tor in the conviction of the Bronx carpenter at his trial at Fleming ton Small drew his conclusions from general methods of writing Another governor Horner of Illi nois came into the case today Chi cago advices said that Governor Horner was looking into the story of a Chicago Bridewell prisoner that he had been offered worth of the Lindbergh ransom money at 40 cents on the dollar and that he had taken some and distributed it here and Conference Is Held A conference was held this morn ing in the office of Atty Gen David T Wilentz here Present besides the attorney general were Prosecutor Anthony M Hauck of Hunter don county of which Flemington is the Col H Norman Schwarz kopf head of the state police and special Attorney General Robert Peacock who assisted in the prosecu tion of Hauptmann The attorney general said the Hauptmann case was discussed but that the conference was not called specifically to consider it Wilentz added that he had no knowledge of any confession in the case He came to his office today he explained to be ready in the event of a call from Washington regard ing Hauptmann proceedings Wife Makes Visit Mrs Anna Hauptmann went to the prison in the morning to see her husband Their small son Mannfred was brought to Trenton from New York during the night but was not taken to the prison Mysterious midnight conferences in a New York hotel presumably conducted by the governor raised speculation that he was conferring with other officials on startling new evidence AGED WITNESS SEEKS TICKET TO EXECUTION TRENTON N Jan IS Amandus Hochmuth octogenarian who testified Bruno Riohard BuMipt mann droveby residence near the estate of CoL Charles A Lind bergh the afternoon the Lindbergh baby was kidnaped came to the stattehouse today seeking a ticket o the execution of the condemned man ;