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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 15, 1951, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI NIWSPAMfc THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH 10WANS NEiaHIORS HOME EDITION UltllF VOL LVD Prtw end United PrtM Full WUM Flvt MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY IS 1951 Tbii Paper of Two Orte Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary W EARL HALL Managing Editor When Is It Instinct When Intelligence rthe person not trained in psychology the distinction be tween intelligence and instinct Isnt very clearcut Although the manifestations of the two may be almost precisely the same we are told that their underlying natures not just different but widely different Thinking that I might get some help in clarifying my thinking on this subject I went to my new American College Dictionary and discovered these definitions for the two words Instinct An inborn pattern of activity and response common to a given biological stock impulse or natural inclination or a particular natural inclination or tendency A natural aptitude or gift for something Intelligencer Capacity for un derstanding and for other forms of adaptive behavior apti tude in grasping truths facts meaning Good mental capacity The faculty of understanding Maybe theres been a change of thinking on the subject in recent years that escaped my notice but in my limited contacts with psychology its been impressed on me that man is the only animal capable of really thinking In other words man is the only creature with an intellect Its Hard to Believe Its always been just a little hard for me to swallow that story And a little black cocker spaniel which enjoys about as many privileges around our home as the socalled master of the house hasnthelped me at all in my ef forts along this line Heres what I mean In ordinary conversational voice gestures and without any special emphasis or inflection indeed even without looking at say I wonder if by any chance Cindy would like to go over to theofficewith If there isnt understanding in the immediate response this draws from Cindy I wouldnt know how to define it Theres no peace around our house until thatprom ised trip to the office has been itsjust instinct but it to me or at least Bees are True Communists Two or three years ago I made a little study of those amazingly interesting insects known as bees and reported on some of my find ings in a commentary From my own point of view it was just about the most absorbing story Ive ever told over the not the wayI told it but the story itself The more you learn about thei bee the more unbelievable it becomes Its within the realm of possibil ities that Karl Marx got his ideas for communism from a study of bees Without questioning bees proceed from the premise that the individual counts for nothing in their scheme of things The indi vidual is of no account Thats why the drones are liqui dated when their mission in life is filled Their mission incidentally is to fertilize the eggs of the queen bee Likewise when the queen bee falls down on her job of pro pagating her kind she is replaced by one of her ladies in waiting And if a worker bee cant pro duce its straightway liquidated A Matter of Instinct AH of this Im ready to believe and a lot of other things about the bee derives from instinct No thinking is required Its every bee to its assigned post No ques tions askedWhatever intelligence there is involved in the matter seems to have been brought to bear long not by the bees Observation through hives made of glass has producedsome most amazing revelations concerning housekeeping activities in the bee community While the great body of workers which are actually desexed females are but gather ing honey wax and pollen a lim ited but adequate detail stays home for what could be described as KP duty One squad is kept busy tidying up the out brok en wax dead beer and refuse of all sorts Others stand guard at the entrance touching with their feelers every bee which tries to enter This is to make certain no foreigners are admitted A Ventilation Detail But the strangest function of all Is performed by what might be called the ventilation squad Bees in this detail take their stand near the entrance and with rapid fan ning of their wings keep the air in constant motion Cressy Morrison in his stimulat ing little book Man Does Not Stand Alone devotes a great deal of attention to this subject in stinct vs intelligence In his treatment he draws a clearcut distinction between the two and stresses the point that intelligence Is mans touch of the divine which Isnt shared by any other living creature In this chapter Mr Morrison mentions the ant along with the bee as natures best examples of CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Tax Boost Above Billion Asked Allies Retake 3 Towns Gain 12 Miles in Offense F Pressure Eased on 2nd Division Tokyo and al lied forces gained up to 12 miles Monday in a sudden offensive on the western Korean front south of Seoul A Tankinfantry teams by night fall had recaptured 3 Osan Kumyangjang and Chon attack by an army that had been withdrawing before the Chi nese since late November came only a few hours after Gen J Lawton Collins said American forces will certainly stay and fight in Korea of Now The Ui S army chief of staff warned however I am not going to go into the future butas of now we intend to stay and fight He explained on a visit to Korea that the 8th army withdrawal of recent weeks was the only possible Says 2nd Division Not7n Any Danger Washington defense department said Monday that the 2nd division in Korea is not in any danger whatsoever of be ing cut off and destroyed A spokesman at the regular Pentagon briefing made that statement to reporters in con nection with suggestions that encircling movements by the communist enemy have exposed the division to serious dancer He said the 2nd is doing a hell of a job in denying the reds he use of the vital road junction near Won ju maneuver for an army not large enough for its theaterand faced by overwhelming numbers The 8th armys sudden drive came shortly afterCollins con cluded that we arenot going to do anything to endanger is our only army in the field A blazing morning strike by 5th air force fighters and bombers paved the way forthe attack Replacements The U S army chief of staff said troop replacements will begin to flow into Korea in 2 or 3 months He added at a news con ference during his 4th visit to the Korean theater One newregular army division will be organized National guard units will be called into service Some replacements for American troops already are going to the front Allied warplanfcs lashed at Su wori Monday with a blazing one two punch B26 light bombers roared down on the airport city 20 miles south of Seoul shortly after daybreak bombing and strafing enemy troops and buildings Then the Shoot ing Star jets 884 Thunderjets and the pistonengined F51 Mus low rocketing and machinegunning the fleeing reds The 5th air force said nearly 1000 communist troops were cut down as theyfled northwards While Collins was taking a close look at the Korean war situation allied troops withdrew under heavy fire from Yorigwol on the eastCentral front They had re captured the fireblackened town only Sunday The withdrawal highlighted the mounting pressure against the U S 2nd division which has been holding off powerful red forces near Wonju30 miles northwest of Yongwol Behind Lines Also a grave threat to the 2nd divisions defense of roads fan ning out into the heart of South Korea was a communist force of possibly 30000 far behind the front This communist force was re ported operating in the rugged mountain area 25 to 55 miles south of Wonju It threatened to choke off the 2nd divisions withdrawal route back to the main body of allied troops Collins promise that the U S would stay in Korea followed a series of highlevel talks in Tokyo These brought together General MacArthur Collins Gen Hoyt S Vandenberg U S air forces chief of staff Lt Gen Walter Bedell Smith chief of the U S central intelligence agency and Maj Gen Alexander R Boiling army chief of intelligence High naval officers also sat in Rumors Fly The talks touched off a flurry of that nation alist Chinas troops might be per mitted to fight in Korea There were even reports that the talks dealt with the possible evacuation of Korea by UN troops Another puzzling development was the abrupt switch in the com mand of the 2nd division Maj Gen Clark Louis Buffncr was named to replace Maj Gen Rob ert B McClure There was no ex planation But McClure is an ex 50 K f lt NORTH II A 3tt SOUTH KOREA Kunsan AP Wirephoto ALLIES RECAPTURE KOREAN Nations troops struck back Monday and recaptured Yongwol easing a flanking threat to the U S 2nd division and im proving the situation for troops holding wedge B before Osan shewn in red hands also was reported recapturedby the The entire force still was in grave dangerof infiltrating reds threatening escape routes C to the south Permitted to Volunteer for 21 Months pert on China and formerly was deputy chief of staff to Chinese Nationalist Generalissimo Chiang Kaishek McClure had commanded the 2nd division vonly Dec 11 after it lost onethird of its men holding back Chinese forces while the army withdrew from North Korea The 2nds Wonju campaign since then has been partly only allied campaign to click since General MacArthurs November offensive backfired Bigger Assignment Thus it was assumed that he was not removed for any reason except that of a larger assignment This be liaison or a com mand pbsition with the Chinese nationalists who have an army of around 400000 trained men in Formosa Ruffner McClures successor with the 2nd was chief of staff of the armys Pacific ocean areas in World war II The Tokyo conferences started soon after the arrival Sunday night of the Washington generals The talks gained significance in the light of the flanking threat in central Korea and the reported buildup of another powerful com munist offensive Uncle Sam Shows Where Dollar Goes Washington ff Heres how Uncle Sam will spend your tax dollar in fiscal 1952 Military services 58 cents Foreign programs10 cents Interest on U S debt8 cents Veterans benefits 7 cents All other expenses17 cents Total And heres where the budget dollar is to come from Individual taxes35 cents Corporation taxes 27 cents Excise sales taxes 11 cents Customs and other levies 4 cents new taxes 23 cents Total add to preceding tax amounts SAME WklU trmMU to U Washington esi dent Truman Monday changed the draft regulations to permit 18 to 26 to volunteer for 21 monthsof military service Previously it had been impossi ble for drafteligible youths to enter the militaryfor the 21 month period until they were ac tually called in the draft Regular enlistments run for longer periods Selective service headquarters saidthe action has no affect on persons desiring to enlist for a full term m any of the armed forces Through Draft Board However Secretary of Defense Marshall told reporters in Rich mond Va Monday that all the armed services would procure their men through the selective service system under amendments asked in the draft law This pro posal would require congressional action CpL IrvingHart public infor mation officer for selective service headquarters described the change made by Mondays presi dential order in this way It merely provides machinery for youths to get into the army for 21 months by volunteering instead of waiting for their draft call to come1 All those volunteering for 21 months will be placed in the army Hart said lie emphasized the way still re mains clear for anyone to enlist in the usual way hi any branch of the military if he can qualify and if he enlists for a full hitch It doesnt affect enlistments at ally he said Head of List This ruling means only that if a person who expects to be drafted desires to volunteer immediately for 21 months service he can go to his local draft board and be placed at the head of the list in steadof waiting until his number is called He said it afcso will permit 18 year olds not eligible for drafting until they reach 19 to volunteer for 21 months service They al ready ate permitted to enlist with parental consent for a full term in any of the armed forces Some confusion resulted when the white house announced the presidential action since Mr Tru mans aides were unable immedi ately to explain just what it meant and selective service officials were unreachable for quick comment 1stGirl Born in Polk County Is Dead at 90 Des Moines Alice May Wallace 90 1st girl born in Polk county died Sunday She was born in what is now West Des Moines and lived in that com ntunity all her life except for 15 years spent at Gilmore City 4 Bodies Found in Joplin Mo Tijuana Hex IP Badman Bill Cook suspected slayer of 8 persons has been arrested in Lower California Mexican au thorities reported Monday Almost at the same moment Chief of Police Frank Martin at Joplin Mo reported 4 bodies had been found in an abandoned mine shaft at Joplin Martin said his force is attempting to ascertain whether the bodies were those of members of the Carl Mosser fam ily believed to have been slain by Cook two weeks ago Police said the bodies of two adults and two children could be seen flpating in about 30 feet below the top of the mine shaft Police said the tip which led to the discovery came from a man who said he became acquainted with Cook while both were serv ing a sentence at the state re formatory at BoonviUe Threatened The man said Cook had threat ened throw him in the shaft unless he accompanied Cook on a crime expedition Acting on a hunch police went to the shaft and pulled loose some boards which had been nailed over the top to keep animals from falling into the pit The 5 membersof the Mosser family have been missing since they left their home at Atwood 111 Dec 29 on a trip to Albu querque N Mex Mossers automobile was found abandoned near Tulsa Okla a few days later The bodies in the mine have not yet been brought to the surface but Martin said he was relatively sure they were members of the missing Illinois family Across the Border In Mexico Chief of Police Fran cisco Kraus Morales of Tijuana reported Cooks capture 600 miles south of that city He said he vas bringing the sus pected killer here by airplane The information was relayed to the sheriffs office and FBI in San Diego With him the report said were two El Centro California prospec tors Forrest Damron 32 and James Burke 33 missing for 10 days They were said to be un harmed Cook 24yearold Joplin Mo exconvict has been sought throughout the country since the disappearance of an Illinois family of 5 in Oklahoma 18TH CHILD IS BORN Cliff Word Beach N J Mrs Clara Carey 34 year old wife of a a week boiler engineer gave birth to a 10 pound boy couples 18th child in 18 years of marriage Stewardess Dies After Rescue of 10 7 Perish When Plane Skids Over Philadelphia Runway By RALPH BEBNSTERIN Philadelphia attractive 24 year old only 5 months in flying on duty Sunday after rescuing 10 pas sengers from the flaming wreck age of a National airlines plane in which 7 perished Mary Frances Housiey 5 foot 3 inch brunet who went to work for N A L only last August died a heroine in the fire swept DC4 The big 4enginect plane skidded over a runway crashed intoa ditch and burned in landing at Internation al airport Four other women and two babies lost their ylives Holds Baby To the last Miss Housiey de scribed by fellow employes as the most pleasant person you ever want to meet held one of the vic 4 monthsold her arms She was credited with lead ing to safety at least 10 ofthe 19 passengers who escaped with mi nor injuries Survivors of the crash told how the blackeyed hostess from Jack sonville Fla opened the cabin door and cautioned them to take it easy Then she made repeated rescue trips info the plane until was swallowed up by iiie flames J A LeBlanc N A L senior agent said the plane was making an approach in rough weather yrith visibility li miles Hesaid that after making anormal land ing on the snowcovered runway the plane traveled to the end of the runway and off the end into a Barwick and the y copilot Edward Zatarian uninjured None of the 21 passengers and crewmen surviving was seriously injured Most of them suffered bruises in the 10fool jump from the cabin to the ground Others were burned about the hands and face Mother Survives Mrs Manuela Smith wife of a sailor stationed at Norfolk Va escaped with her 3 year old daugh ter Betty Jane but lost her in fant daughter Brenda Joyce It was Brenda Joyce who died in Miss Housleys arms Mrs H Marchianb and her in fant son of Mt KlscoN Y also were among the dead Other victims were identified as Mrs N B Joynesr 58 and Marion Garden 28 both of Norfolk Va and a passenger listed on the man ifest as Mrs Lewis Hubian of New York City The plane was enroute to Nor folk Va from Newark N Y Phil adelphia is the only stop on the route B26 Explodes Killing Crew Chicago national guard B26 bomber attempting an emer gency landing due to heavy icing exploded in flight Monday and plunged to earth like a meteor killing its 5 crewmen The twinengined ship exploded less than 10 feet from a safe land ing at the Glenview naval air sta tion north of the city The plane was attached to an Illinois ahguard unit and it was reported thatthe crew consisted of 3 officers and two enlisted men all Chicago residents Step Up Missouri Flood Control Works Washington President Truman Monday recommended a stepped up program for flood control and a curtailed schedule for reclamation work in the Mis souri river basin for the year starting July 1 The suggested program for the basin outlined in hfs budget mes sage to congress includes 1 for continuation of construction work on 19 recla mation projects This compares with appropriated by congress for work in the current fiscal year ending June 30 2 A large share in the 000 national flood control pro AP Wirephoto STEWARDESS HEROINE IN PLANE CRASH Miss Mary Frances Housiey of Jacksonville Fla died a heroine Sunday after rescuing 10 persons aboard a National Airlines plane that crashed at Philadelphia See picture on page Ban New Store Office Building Washington govern ment Monday banned the con struction of new stores restau rants office and other commer cial buildings until Feb 15 Thereafter each private new commercial structure must be specifically authorized by the na tional production authority NPA issued the order to save materials for the mobilization program Commercial building will be authorized in general only if if 1 furthers the defense effort 2 is essential to publichealth safety 3 allevi prevents a hardship in a community The order applies to new con struction starts andnot to build ing already under way During the initial onemonth freeze NPA said it will grant per mission only in emergency casesl The types of construction reg ulated include banks hotels of fice and loft buildings barberand beauty snaps garages service sta tions laundry and dry cleaninj establishments shoe repair anc tailor shops eating places print ing shops motels and touris camps Undertaking and cemetery buildings community and neigh borhood structures facilities for the storage distribution sale or display of consumer goods in cluding all retail stores and shop ping centers are covered by the order as well as storage ware houses for personal effects In the case of a multipleuse as an apartment house with stores or will require authorization for portion intended for commercial use The order does not restrict the building of wholesale food estab lishments or wholesale supply fa cilities for fuel oil gasoline coal or gas distributing systems and pipelines It was made effective as of mid night last gram AMBASSADOR SWITCH Washington G Mr Donald resigned Monday as am bassador to Israel and President Truman chose Monnett B Davis to be his successor Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and cold Mon day night and Tuesday Low Monday nighi 6 High Tuesday near 23 Iowa Clear Monday night with diminishing winds Low Mon day night 5 to 10 northeast 20 to 25 southwest Tuesday partly cloudy with light variable winds high 20 to 25 northeast 35 to 40 southwest Further out look Increasing cloudiness and somewhat warmer Wednesday with afternoon highs 32 to 42 Minnesota Clearing and colder Monday night Tuesday increas ing cloudiness warmer wesc and south portions Low Mon day night 010 above High Tuesday 1015 northeast to near 25 southwest IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum 31 Minimum 11 At 8 a in 18 Precipitation 05 YEAR AGO Maximum 36 Minimum 15 GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Sunday Maximum 39 Minimum 9 At 8 a m 9 YEAR AGO Maximum 32 Minimum 5 Billion Budget Set by President Truman May Request Levy Hike as Much as By CHARLES MOLONY Washington Tru man Monday sent congress a 594000000 spending budget for the government next year and said a tax boost of needed to balance it Thepresident told reporters at a budget preview session that he will ask a tax hike of at least that perhaps as much ax a special mesi sage to congress he hopes to have ready in about 3 weeks Retroactive He said he would like congress to make all tax increases retroac tive to last January 1 But he showed no confidence that would really hapepen In his message to the new con gress Monday the president said This is a budget for our na tional security in a period of grave danger The unprecedented peacetime spending program Mr Truman proposed for the fiscal year start ling July threefifths of it for military services figures out to about for every one of the some 152000000 men women and children in the U S Hidden Taxes And if the president has his way on taxes just about that same average amount will be collected from citizens although some of it of course will be in the form of hidden taxes or indirect costs The new congress will have full sayso on whether taxes should be raised and by what amountBut it can block or controlonly part of his pending program repeals past laws on big The president told newsmen that actions by past congresses authof Ize the funds to carry out hisplans He needs to congress only lor the x Mr Trumans mes sage was a mor ecbntrovfersial doc ument far some respects than his state of the union address last Monday He called in it for many of his pet fair dfed measures such as the civil rights program federal medical insurance anda major part of the Brannan farm plan That seemed certain to arouse ire in some congressional quarters Fierce outcries from advocates also appeared so sure that Mr Truman anticipated them by laying down a defense of his spending program in advance Label Observing to reporters that opinions differ on what are de fense and nondefense out lays he dropped the heading of military costs and strategic had beenused in past budgets He put a national security tag on thenew listing Then he budgeted major na tional security programs at 510000000 for next year an in crease of over this fiscal year now half gone The remainder of this pro gram was pricetagged for 084000000 He described that as a saving of from this years costs even though it contains operations influenced by the present emergency for ex ample coast guard port security work and FBI loyalty checks on government workers Costs Listed In a statement to newsmen supplementing the big budget document the president listed the major national security pro grams and their costs as follows 1931 1151 Military services Interiia tlohil se curity 4726000000 Atomic en ergy com mission 818000000 14i7000OW efense pro duction and controls 296000000 Ivil de fense 3300WVNW Maritime activities 109000000 33l000Mt Defense honiinr and comma nlty facilities None 10000000t overnment dispersal program 8000000 In the budget itself the presi dent 1 Estimated U S military serv ce costs for the year starting July at per cent f the budget total That is more han double the he president estimated will ac ually be spent in the current ear It counted on active armed orce strength of nearly 3500000 y mid1952 vfHh our troops uppliod with the best weapons in ic worldi 2 Proposed a utlay of military and economic id to friendly foreign ompared to thit further the cause of in ernational security The foreign ;