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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, January 15, 1946

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 15, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTOSY AND KOINES Associated Pits aha United pres FUIJ THE NEWSPAPER THAT ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Five Cents a Copy ARMY NAVY CHIEFS REPORT ON DEMOBILIZATION Dwight D Eisenhower army chief of staff and Adm Chester Nimitz left navy commander in clnef confer with Eep Andrew J May Df C house military aifairs committee chaVman as the afmed serv Wash AP Ike Says All Enlisted Men With 45 Points or 30 Months Service Released by April 30 nervfe v hC Said CVery man with 45 points he PrOCCSS of betae discharged so points or zy years service required for discharge Furthermore Eisenhower assur ed an informal meeting of senator and representatives every sur plus man will be out right awaj unless his points are so low tha he can replace someone else In disclosing the April 30 and July 1 goals the army chief p the discharge provis i ons and made plain that the points are to be computed on the basis of las Eisenhower went before the meeting to offer the armys ex planation of its demobilization system the target of criticism by congressmen and GIs alike Eisenhower warned that the armys organization will col lapse if it demobilizes too last but pledged that every man elig ible for discharge by July 1 will be out of service by that time Eisenhower said it was not pos sible to discharge all men with 2 years service by March originally contemplated 20 as mean that another 2000000 men would be out on that date beyond our tions Eisenhower said It would mean such a complete rescramble of out occupational forces as to jeopardize the results of months of work in bringing order out of chaos Explaining the armys demobil ization policy at an informal sen atehouse meeting at the congres sional library the chief of staff declared that the recently an nounced slowdown in demobiliza tion was necessary to prevent the army from beingdepicted by March 1 But even with the slowdown ne said There is not a single man who is to be discharged by July i who won t be discharged by July 1 He prefaced his remarks with a flat statement that demobiliza tion is not tied in with the war departments sponsorship of uni versal military training or with eny desire of high ranking offi cers to retain their positions Some congressmen and some GIs have suggested such might be the case Such conclusions Eisenhower asserted are utterly false Eisenhower said that of 1500 general officers on duty on VE day 789 already havebeen or are beinc reduced in rank or separ ated from the service The meeting drew approximately 200 senate and house members whose complaints about demobil ization led to the extraordinary session There were fewer than 50 con gressmen seated when Gen Eisen hower Admiral Chester Vf Nim Jtz chief of naval operations and several score army and navy of ficers arrived at 10 oclock but tney began pouring in a little later 81st Infantry Division Will Return to U S Yokohama IP The 81st in fantry division the Wildcats who helped win the battle of Bloody Nose Ridge on Peleliu going home Eightii army headquarters ani nounced Tuesday the division1 would be inactivated Jan 20 with t YEAR AGO its low point personnel to be Maximum signed to other units in Japan I Minimum DECKER UNION PLANS STRIKE out Set for Sometime on Jan The members of local 38 of the packinghouse union of the CIO in the Jacob E Decker and Sons packing plant are prepared to strike sometime on Jan 16 the exact tints not yet announced Clarence Ramsey chairman of the strategy board of the organization announced Tuesday The local union officers were at work Tuesday preparing to have their organization jom in the nationwide walkout affecting some 328000 workers Ramsey stated an additional speaker will appear on the mass meeting program Tuesday nigh I at 8 at the high school auditorium This will be Fred Stover Rock well state president the Farm ers Union Speakers previously announced were Ben Henry Des Moines regional director of the CIO George Dunn Mason City attorney Lee Hartman Clear Lake head of the Cerro Gordo Farmers Union and a representa tive of the A F of L Ramsey will preside Name Chester Benson Extension Director in Chickasaw County New Hampton Chester Ben son of Orange City has been ap pointed Chickasaw county exten sion director to succeed A W Gamble who is now a district Farm Bureau director Mr Benson has been Sioux county extension director Previ ously he was vocational agricul ture teacher at Belie Plains He will assume his new posi Uon Feb 1 Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued cold Tuesday night with lowest temperature near zero Wednes day fair with rising tempera tures Iowa Fair Tuesday night colder in extreme east portion Wed nesday fair with rising tempera tures Shippers Forecast Northwest zero southwest 5 above northeast 10 below southeast zero Increasing cloudiness with light local snows in the upper Red river valley Tuesday night and in north portion Wed nesday rising temperature ex cept little change in extreme southeast Tuesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis ics for 24 hour period ending at oclock Tuesday morning Maximum 31 Minimum 3 At 8 a m Tuesday 3 27 2 MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JANUARY 15 13K Ibis Paper Consists ot Two SectionsSection One VL A wo One 200 ESCAPE TRAP IN MINE AFL Meat Cutters to Join Strike ELECTRIC UNION BEGINS STRIKE IN 3 BIG FIRMS Packinghouse Workers Set for Walkout in Nation on Wednesday By ASSOCIATED PRESS The AFL Meat Cutters unior notified its 500 local units Tues day to strike at a m Wed nesday against 6 large meat pack ing companies The telegrams went out as gov crnment conciliators proceedec with last minute conferences will union and management official to halt the sfrike originally called by the CIO United Packinghouse workers The CIO union claims 193000 members the AFL 135 The AFL officials said 7500 members of their union would strike at plants of Armour com pany Cudahy Packing company Kingan Packing company In dianapolis and John Morrell com pany Ottumwa Iowa Meanwhile the nations major sources of new home and indus trial electrical appliances were shut off Tuesday when 200001 CIO electrical workers went on strike in 16 states running the number of strikeidle in the coun try to more than since before the war Albert J Fitzgerald interna tional president of he CIO United Electrical workers said at 7 a m EST that the work stoppage was 100 per cent effective in Plants frpm which reports had been received up to that The strike in support of union demands for a 30 per cent rate boost was called against General Electric Westinghousi and General Motors which to gether produce the bulk of the nations electrical appliances These include refrigerators wash ing machines electric range and oil heaters radios lamps and bulbs Fitzgerald said the walkout was 100 per cent effective by 8 a m in plants at Philadelphia and Pittsburgh Pa Lynn and Spring field Mass Schenectady N y Bloomfield Newark and Jersey City N J and Dayton Ohio He added 57000 women and 2o000 salaried and white collai workers participated in the work stoppage In New York meanwhile pic teting of the Western Electric com panys properties continued as representatives of 17000 strikin production of the Western Electric Employes to discuss a new management wage proposal Ihe strike is independent of a dispute of telephone equipment workers involving the company which resulted in a nationwide disruption of telephone service ast weekend Work stoppages involving 2130 CIO United Steelworkers halted production Tuesday at two plants of the Bethlehem Steel company and two divisions of the Aviation corporation at Wjlliamsport Pa Currently the largest work stop lage against an industry is against General Motors involving 175 000 CIO United Auto Workers who struck last Nov 21 in support of demands for a 30 per cent ncrease Effects of the electrical worker valkout which involved a major lart of the countrys production of home and industrial electrical ap pliances were not immediately determined The strike came one day after the scheduled work toppage by 800000 CIO Steei vorkers which has been delayed ine week Another major walk ut by some 328000 packinghouse workers is set for midnight Tuesday night The walkout by the electrical vorkers who had demanded wage ncreases of S3 a day was on schedule said international head quarters of the CIO United Elac ncal Workers in New York city Last minute efforts by federal onciliators to avert the strike vere unsuccessful At Schenectady N Y General Electrics largest plant was closed s more than 18000 production vorkers struck at 5 a n CST icket lines were being organ led Between 10000 and 12 000 salaried workers at Uie plant had icen instructed to remain home n event of a work stoppage The strike call workers in j 1 Strikes Spur Congressmen 2 Lawmakers See Action in FactFinding Washington o n g r e s s back on the job after a recess thai saw industrial strife Hare to new Peaks showed signs Tuesday of moving swiftly into the strike pic Two members of the senate la bor committee a republican and i democrat forecast quick action n President Trumans requesi for a factfinding measure The committee resumed hearings with tVilliam H Davis former war la bor board member chairman and economic stabilizer as its leadoff witness I think we can have the fact mding measure ready after brief hearings Senator Ellender D told a reporter It may be sven stronger than the president asked Senator Aiken RVt said he yas willing to make the hearings short and sweet adding in an nterview I think congress is en ited to have a vote on this ques lon Under Mr Trumans proposal uch factfinding boards as those n the General Motors and steel ases would be armed with legal authority to subpoena corporation woks And unions would be barred from striking for 30 days vhile factfinding was underway Two other senators Eastland DMiss and ODaniel DTex ought senate action without vaiting for the labor committee o complete its hearings They noted that Mr Truman had asked mmediate action early in Decem er and announced they would sk the senate to discharge the abor committee and act as soon as the chamber meets again on hursday It is apparent to us that the iresent wave of strikes is inspired nd engineered from Moscow Sastland and ODaniel said in a oint statement and that is a de iberate effort to take over the American government step by tep Aifcen and Ellender said they elieved the discharge move vould fail adding that the labor ommittee will act soon enough to satisfy the senators Meantime several lawmakers in oth house and senate prepared ew legislative proposals Senator Bailey Di N Car ailed for revision of the Wagner abor relations act telling report rs it provides an incentive for irikes He suggested changes he aid would give the employers equal footing with labor unions boiish the closed shop and revise he national labor relation board hich administers the act Senator Byrd D Va drafted bill to require registration and ncorporation of all labor ifnions nder federal supervision Byrd asked that unions be able to suit for broken contracts nd subject to rules now imposed n corporations In the house Rep Hoffman R lich introduced legislation to equire public utility employes to 60 days notice before striking Violators would lose their jobs and Strike Picture At a Glance BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS in more than a year Major developments CtVJ Jl 1 1 1 Hi states idle s as disputes over local issuesPresident managerae QUIZ COUPLE IN DEGNAN SLAYING Police Examine Car With Blood Stains Chicago woman who left an automobile in a garage for a repair job Jan 7 the day of the kidnapkilling of Suzanne Deg nan 6 and a man friend were seized Tuesday by the police for questioning Police Cant John L Sullivan fold reporters a short time later that the couple stated they were m Galena 111 and Dubuque Iowa the nteht of the Degnan killing He said they told him stains la the car were caused by blood but that it was spilled in a fight between the man and a sailor Detectives said they found stains which might be blood stains on the floor mat of the convertible sedan a blanket which appeared to have been cleaned recently and an oily piece of saper similar to paper on which he kidnaper wrote a 520000 ran som note These were to be ex amined at the police crime de tection lab oratorj A woman left the car in the station at 6751 Fullerton avenue on the far west side for ignition She was driven away from there by a man in another car t i 100000 General Electric and 2500 20t000 rishls under prescnt Iws i uMit 10 I Conn proposed a congressional I profitsharing systems as NO STATE AID FOR STRIKERS Des Moincs B Stiger a member of the Iowa Employ ment Security Commission said Tuesday that workers who are unemployed because of a strike are not entitled to stale unem ployment compensation The law provides that if the i unemployment is due to stoppage of war caused by a labor dispute I then they the workers do not get I any unemployment pay he said Pan American Plane Claims New Air Mark New York American Airways officials claimed a new commercial record Tuesday for one of their Lockheed constella tion planes which Monday flew from New York to Bermuda and distance of 1340 in 5 hours and 48 minutes ru The initial flight shaved an hour Kimmel Says Navy Group Misled Him Washington Admiral Husband E Kimmel asserted Tues day he was misled by a pre war warning into believing that the navy department thought no attack on Pearl Harbor was irii minent or probable A crowd of 200 spectators ered as the gray haired former Pacific fieet commander appeared before a seriatehouse committee to tell publicly for the first time his story of the disastrous Japa nese attack on Pearl Harbor Dec t 1341 Attired in a dark suit with a bright blue tie the 63 year old retired naval officer began read ing a 25000word statement in which he asserted that ton officials had denied him infor mation he said might have made Pearl Harbor ah ambush for the Japanese Before Kimmel took the stand Committee Counsel Seth Richard son placed in the record a letter from former Associate Justice Owen J Roberts who headed a commission which investigated the attack Roberts said the full re port of the commission had been published after it was turned over to President Roosevelt Jan 24 1942 Senator Ferguson R Mich had asked for the original copy of the Roberts report but Miss Grace Tully secretary informed the committee by letter that it could not be found in the white house files Reading in a strong voice Kim mel contended before the com mittee 1 He was not supplied informa tion available in Washington from intercepted messages told when and where Japan would probably strike 2 Thai withholding this infor mation the navy should have in structed him specifically to be on the alert againsta hostile overseas raid 3 If he had had Washingtons knowledge of intercepted Japan BELIEVE 5 MEN ARE KILLED AS BLAST OCCURS 267 Men Working in West Virginia Mine At Time of Explosion BULLETIN Washington AP A Bu reau of Ulincs official said Tuesday afternoon he had been informed that more than 200 miners had come out alive after an explosion in a mine near Welch W Va Welch Va Seventyfive coa miners miraculously escaped alive Tuesday after a tremendous blast in the No 9 Havaco mine on the outskirts or Welch but the fate 192 others was in doubt as rescuers drove into the smoke and dust filled shaft workings E L Chatfield an inspector at larse of the stale mines depart ment said he ivas informed that workings occurred ui japanuuiers naa to oe helped or ese messages he would have condragged from the mine and some sider re sldered revising war plans to provide an opportunity to am bush the Japanese striking force as it ventured to Hawaii 4 Orders he received the same day he got the Nov 27 war warn ing message to transport army planes and troops to Midway and Wake indicated to me that re sponsible authorities in Washing on did not consider an air raid on Pearl Harbor either imminent or robnble 5 He would have ordered Ihe fleet to sea if he had known what Washington knew on successive dates from Nov 27to Dec 7 but viihout this information he kept lis battleships in harbor where thought them safer against air WAR BRIDES TRAVEL IN CRAMPED Brides of American servicemen who traveled 45 davs aboard a converted freighter from New Zealand spruce up as they prepare to leave their cramped quarters on the bb Permanente upon the ships arrival in San Francisco tto Joan E r iiiiin vuiuunvv JOan rj 8 Slieer said lhc Iaw no n Vrl f Mrs Dorothy Miller Mrs Constance GraC 267 men were in the when the explosion around a m The force was so terrific that Negro pupils in a school house and workers in the store and office of the New River and Pocahontas Consolidated Coal company from 500 to 1000 feet away were in jured by shattered glass and de bris The mine is operated by New River and Pocahontas Pete 48 year old com pany employe told interviewers at a hospital following his escape from the blasted workings that he counted 5 men on my way out who looked likethey might be dead Wimmer said he was at work at a point approximately 3000 leet Irom the main shaft He was brought to a Welch hospital suf fering from head injuries Unofficial estimates said from a third to onehalf of those cominp from the mine alive walked up the shaft steps which somehow re mained intact although the tipple appeared to be a total wreck The shaft is about 400 feet deep Others had to be helped or of them appeared to be semicon scious from shock Hospitals of Welch a city of 7000 population and the county seat of the biggest bituminous coal producing county in the United States were quickly filled to overflowing with injured miners and children from the school house Edward Mullins and his son ames who apparently were not hurt told newsmen they were the first to reach the surface from the innerworkings The father said they were at work about 1 mile from the shaft m No 3 entry when they heard the blast and immediately started running They said the workings imme diately became so dark from smoke and dust that they had to sloop over and train their lights on Ihe steel mine rails in order to find their way to the opening Two mine inspectors Ed Chaf fin and Walter White and some volunteers were among the first to enter the mine after the disas ter Among the volunteers was Louis Godoski an employe the com pany who said he had s brother and son working on the day shift inside Neither mine officials nor res cuers hurriedly assembled would speculate on the fate of others still unaccounted for The Mullinses said the blast appeared to have centered in what they called the dip entry but there was no official information on how far back that would have been from the bottom of the shaft Mine department records in dicated that in normal operations ihe Havaco mine located about onehalf mile southeast of Welch employs around 500 men CHURCHILL WIFE GO TO FLORIDA riXeVuYork Winston Churchill Britains wartime prime minister was en route to Florida for a vacation Tuesday after quell ing rumors that he would resign the leadership of the conservative party Churchill and his wife arrived here Monday nieht aboard the lin er Queen Elizabeth for a 9 weeks vacation Questioned on reports that he would accept the post of secretary general of the united nations or ganization he said he had never addressed my mind to such a sub ject ;