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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, January 15, 1942

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 15, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPART WENT or HISTORY DtS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PBESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WJRES FIVE CENTS A COPY THf NIWSPAPER THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JANUARY 15 1942 THIS PAPEK CONSISTS OF 7WO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 83 I S SUB SINKS LARGE JAP LINER 32 Motorized Divisions Be Created Armored Units Will Be Doubled WASHINGTON Secretary Stimson announced Thursday the army had started expanding to approximately 3605000 officers and men more than doubling its present sttength in ground and air forces Slimson said the Increase auth orized by President jRoosevelt be made this year with the first three new divisions to be or ganized by March 25 Looking to further increases of undisclosed size next year camp facilities are to be expanded in the meanwhile The expansiion announced at a press conference calls More than double the number of air combat units Creation of 32 motorized or tri angular divisions in addition to the 27 conventional ground troop divisions now in service And doubling the number of armored units A proportionate increase in anti aircraft engineer and similar special units Formation of 50 or more mili tary police battalions to replace troops now guarding critical fa cilities In continental United the number Of men Jnu training centers io pro vide replacement for all organ ized units and personnel for additional units to be created in the spring of 1943 As a part of the vast expansion Stimson announced at the same time 75000 officers will be com missioned in special officer can didate schools this year and re quirements for air force pilots bombardiers and navigators had been lowered from 20 to 18 years Married men now also may train as flyers and intelligence tests have been substituted Xor educa tional requirements Stimson said the army increase called for a vast expansion also of housing and training facilities which he added has alrcady started The army now is building nine new camps to accommodate 30000 men each he said All training centers are being expanded to ac commodate an additional 200000 In addition five temporary tent camps are being set up In this way we hope to be able to house all the men inducted and left in the continental United States by the time the last men arc inducted Stimson said By that time some division rtay be out of the United States making their quarters also avail able The war secretary noted the ex pansion had been started well in advance of peacetime schedules for wartime increases One plan provided that the first three new divisions beyond existing regular and national guard units should be organized by 160 days after Mday mobili zation he said If we consider 31day to have been Dec 7 the first three divi sions thus will be created some 50 days ahead of schedule Stimson said commanders of al the new divisions had been as signed and training cadres are be ing organized All preparations have been made to set up the first three d visions by March 25 Asked whether the expansion was geared to procurement of mu nitions he said he noted the United States was undertaking to suppl other nations as well as its ow armed forces Officer training for enlisted met in the army has been expande since last July to give instruction to 90000 candidates instead of the initial annual rate of 10000 For men possessing the neces sary qualifications the war de partment said induction as a private would be only the first step towards an officers com mission as a second lieutenant The army expects to commis sion approximately 75000 men Expansion of U S Army to 3600000 Is Under Way NUMBER OF COMBAT UNITS TO BE DOUBLED At Rio Conference CLAIM BRITISH MINE BRIDGE TO SINGAPORE ISLE Argentinas refusal to agree to a military alliance is the subject of numerous discussions in Rio de Janeiro Brazil revolving about Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles head of the United States delegation to the PanAmerican conference there Welles is pictured above right as he flew by plane to the conference With him is Paul Daniels as sistant chief of the division of American republics United States department of state 2 Thorny Problems Faced by Conference at Rio Opening Argentina Opposed to Joint Declaration v fEcuador Airs Dispiite trom Its officer training schools this year as Stimson said Erilistedmen are eligible for the threemonths officer schools after four months in a replacement raining center or six months with a unit in the field and lead ership qualities are stressed above formal education Older men who qualify as sec ond lieutenants will be acceler ated to a grade more in keeping with their age provided they dis olay the necessary qualities of leadership Defense Trade Pact Signed by Greek and Jugoslovian Kings LONDON George of Greece and King Peter of Jugo slavia signed an agreement Wednesday uniting the two coun tries of which they are rulersin exile in defense foreign policy and foreign trade Jugoslavia and Greece declared the agreement presents the general foundations for the organization of a Balkan union and added that they en visage with satisfaction the future adhesion to this agreement of other Balkan slates ruled by gov ernments freely and legally con stituted Farm Income Rises Sharply COLUMBIA Mo value of Missouris principal crops boomed upward in 1941 to the highest mark in 12 years Value of the 1941 crops was 5232420000 a rise of over 1940 and almost above the 10 year average for 193039 Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Fair Thursday afternoon and Thursday night not much change in tempera ture Lowest temperature Thurs day night Mason City 20 IOWA Fair Thursday afternoon and Thursday night no decided change in temperature Lowest Thursday night 21 to 26 cast and central and 25 to 29 extreme west MINNESOTA Fair Thursday afternoon and Thursday night somewhat colder east portion lowest temperature Thursday night 22 to 28 west and south and 14 to 18 in northeast IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 27 Minimum Wednesday night 15 At 8 a m Thursday 27 YEAR AGO Maximum 29 Minimum 24 Precipitation 02 Type of Jap Liner Sunk by U S RIO DE JANEIRO emergency conference of the for eign ministers of the 21 American republics opens Thursday in Itam araty palace with two horny dis putes across the path of swift col laboration against the axis The first is Argentinas stub born apposition to a proposed joint declaration cutting off all the western hemispheres diplo matic economic and financial ties with the axis The second is Ecuadors refusal o sit in con ference sessions until a basis is found for settlement of its cen turyotd boundary dispute with Peru Key delegation leaders desper ately strove to end both Many delegates are sympathetic toward Ecuadors contention that it is ludicrous to talk about or ganizing against foreign aggres sion while an outstanding case of aggression exists in the Ameri cas Nevertheless there was hope that an agreement would be reached It was noteworthy thai Peru was willing for the first time to have the controversy brought before a PanAmerican conference There was also good reason to believe that the Argentina crisis will be solved before President Getulio Vargas of Brazil addresses the foreign ministers and their almost 300 advisors late Thursday conference quarters said suggest ing that the formula will not be revealed Vargas will speak briefly at the opening probably announcing Brazils full support of hemis pheric defense Chilean Foreign Minister Juan B Rossetti will de liver the responsive speech after which Brazilian Foreign Minister Oswaido Aranha and Sumner Welles United States undersec retary of state and chairman of the United States delegation will speak Welles address was expected to be the high spot of the open ins sessionas he is a key figure of the conference There were unconfirmed reports that Enrique Ruiz Guinazu the thus frfr recalcitrant Argentine foreign minister might be a Sur prise speaker If he asked to speak he could not very well be refused Welles will be the United States representative in the political body for general hemispheric defense but it was believed almost certain that he would not be the head of the main political body Wayne C Taylor American under secretary of commerce wili be the United States representa tive on the main economic body under which there will be about six subcommittees Council Votes to Sell Old Library ttory on page 8 Japs Assert Terrific Offensive Conducted Againsf Malaya Force BULLETIN SINGAPORE UR Imperial land and air forces Thursday at tacked and defeated a Japanese tank column in the Malaya fighting zone drove enemy bombers from Singapore and blasted oil stores at Japanese held Port Swettenham into a roaring mass of flames By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS An official Tokio broadcast as serted late Wednesday that Brit ish authorities at Singapore had begun to mine the Causeway bridge connecting Singapore is land to the mainland as Japans invasion armies drove into the rainwhipped jungles of Johore state 100 miles north of Singa pore Domei the Japanese news agency said Emperor Hirohitos forces are now conducting a terrific offensive against 30000 British troops which are guard ing the last defenses of Malaya The news agency had previ ously declared that 30000 Brit ish had been trapped in the greenhell wilderness north of Singapore Domei quoted reports as1 that Britishforces de the Pownall ing 125 miles across the extreme lower peninsula were rushing up reinforcements from Singapore for a last desperate defense be fore falling back on Britains Asiatic Gibraltar Axis reports reaching London said Japanese troops had landed on an island in the Dutch Khio archipelago just south of Singa pore in a new threat to Bri tains great far east stronghold The reports also declared that Japanese forces moving down the Malay east coast had outflanked the town of Endau 100 miles north of Singapore and that its fall was imminent CLAIM MacARXHUR PRESSED SOUTHWARD In the Philippine war theater an official Tokio broadcast de clared that Japanese troops were now pressing Gen Douglas Mac Arthurs AmericanFilipino de fenders southward into Batan peninsula from Hermosa Hermosa lies at the northeast gateway to Batan peninsula On the northwest approach to the peninsula the Japanese had al ready reported the capture of Olongapo naval base on Subic bay The broadcast said Japanese divebombers attacked an im portant United States air base on the peninsula and destroyed a Curtiss P40 fighter ASSERT JOHORE STATE BORDER IS CROSSED A bulletin from imperial Jap anese army headquarters said Japanese troops advancing down the west coast of the Malay peninsula crossed the border into Johore slate Wednesday night capturing the strategic rail junc tion of Gemas Gemas lies on the border be tween Johore state and Malacca straits settlement Domci official Japanese new agency said 30000 British troops defending the approaches to Singa pore had been completely en circled and that Japanese forces had captured Tampin another rail point southwest of Gemas only 20 miles north of the port of Malacca Japanese forces were credited with an airline advance of 155 miles between Jan 2 and Jan It dating from the break through British defense lines near Kampar 22 miles south of Ipoh in Perak stale All nine of the federated and unfederated Malay state have now been penetrated or overrun by Japanese troops Domci said On the Malay east coast Tokio communique said Japanese columns had reached Pekan 30 miles south of Kuantan and 130 miles airline from Johore strait which separates Singapore island from the mainland Japanese frontline dispatches asserted that British resistance had alio been virtually crushed to the northeast border of Johore 90 miles above Singapore Defense Savlngs Stamps for sale al GlobeGazette business office The U S navy announced Thursday a large Japanese liner had been sunk bv a sub S PIcturedHle Tatuta which is of thc samc to have been sent to the bottom RUSSIANS SLASH AT MOZHAISK Appears to Be One of Greatest Battles of MoscowSmolensk Route By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Russian shock iroops were re ported smashing in a direct frontal assault Thursday against 100000 Germans massed at Mozhaisk 57 miles west Moscow in what appeared to be one of the greatest and perhaps most decisive battles of the war Mozhaisk is the keystone of the dwindling German defense corri dor oh the WapcaeOBio jroadf irorn Moscowto Smolensk The British radiosaid that a savage battle was raging at the jates of Mozhaisk and that one key position is said to have changed hands several times Other red army forces slowly closing a giant trap around Moz laisl were officially reported to nave recaptured the town of Wedyn 35 miles to the southwest This meant that the Germans now had only a 70 mile wide escape route from Mozhaisk with soviet Uoops pressing down from Volo kolamsk in the north and Medyn in the south A bulletin from Adolf Hitlers iiigh command tersely noting defensive battles on the Moscow and Leningrad fronts acknowl edged that the Russians were making a new drive along the Sea of Azov toward Taganrog 40 miles west of RostovonDon SATS VIEWS UNCHANGED CUMBERLAND Wis UPJ The Rev Winslow Wilson former Minnesota pastor who served a prison term for refusing to regis ter for selective service said Thursday that despite the war his views are unchanged 2 Ships Attacked Off Long Island Shores YORK coast guard stational Quoguc Long Island said Ihuvsday that survivors of aship attackedoft the Long Island const were being brought to Details of the attack were not immediately revealed It was the second such attack in these waters in two days SUB CIRCLED TANKER BEFORE ATTACKING NEW YORK that an enemy submarine had de liberately circled a Panamanian tanker just off Long Island ex ploding two torpedoes in her port side and pne in her starboard was in detailing the closest approach of actual warfare to the nations cast coast Hear Admiral Edward C Kalufus commander of the Menport naval base disclosed that the attack by an unidenti fied submarine on the tanker Xorness had resulted in tlic death of two an earlier navy estimate He said 38 officers and men had been rescued and were in good shape The Norness was still partly afloat bow stick ing almost vertically out ot the Admiral Kalbfus no tified the navy department that the vessel constituted a menace to navigation The torpedoing occurred al a m C S T on Wednesday just 60 miles southeast of Mon tauk Point Long Island little more than 100 miles from New York harbor Navy officers told the story of n deliberate methodical attack in which the submarine first dis charged a torpedo into the port side of the fueloil laden tanker swung about and fired anothertor pedo into the other side and then returned to send a final tin fish into the port side ot the stricken vessel Admiral Kalbfus identified the two dead men as Kaare Heinert sen and Ecil Dremseth both ap parently Norwegians as were most of those rescued None was an American citizen Some of those picked up by a fleet of rescue ana attack that sped out1 from Newport arid tUe NewLondoii naval base afier he stricken tanker was spotted by a patrol plane Wednesday actually were taken from near freezing water Others were in lifeboats and siv were clinging to a life raft The had been wallowing around in the water for some time in fuel oil Kalbfus said and ex plained that there were no inter views with survivors because hi first concern was their health and comfort t wanted to make them as comfortable as possible However all but two or three would he released from the hos pital at Newport shortly he pre dicted The rescuers reported he said that they left the tanker still afloat its puosiUon almost verti cal and its bow rising from the water almost 50 feet in the air PLE GE TO BLOOD BANK SHENANDOAH Each Ki wanian in Shcnandoah has pledged to give the American Fled Cross blood bank n pint of blood The Kiwanis club has invested ijlOOO of its funds in a defense bond MERCHANT SHIP OF 17000 TONS IS SENT DOWN Navy Reports Sinking of Fine Speedy Boat in Far Eastern Waters WASHINGTON navy announced Thursday that a 17000 on Japanese merchant liner had beei sunk by an American sub marine The vessel was of the fast Yawata class owned and oper ated by the NYK lines and probably convertible into an aircraft carrier No other details of the sinking were supplied The navy said also in a com munique The menace or enemy sub marines off the east coast of the United States remains substan tial A navy spokesman said at least one vessel of the Yawata class of three ships frequent visitors to ivest coast ports had been con certed into an aircraft carrier bui it was not known whether this was the one sent to the bottom The communique un timed read Far east A 17000ton Japanese mer chant ship of the Yawata class has been sunk by an American sub marine There is nothing io report from other Pacific areas Atlantic area The menace of enemy subma rines off the east coast of the United States remains substan tial There Is nothing to repobt trom other Allan The three Yawata are called the three the NYK and are among tKe finest and newest ships of the Japanese merchant fleet The first two were constructed in 1939 and the third was under construction last year und may have been the one converted into an aircraft carrier The ships have a passenger ca pacity of 300 each and a listed speed of 22 knots although thev undoubtedly are faster as Japan usually conceals such ship statis tics Sinking of the liner raised to II the total of enemy vessels sent to the bottom by American subma rine action in the far east Three other Japanese ships have been reported probably lost by sub barinc action The reference to the Atlantic submarine menace was tied to the torpedoing early Wednesday of the Panamanian liner Norness off Long Island in the closest ap proach of warfare to the nations east coast Japs Advance Against Singapore KUALA LUMPUR Railroads Roads This relief map shows the soulheni area of Malaya scene of JapaneseBritish fiirhtinjr as the Japs move down the west coast toward Singapore vital British naval base COMPLETE LAW ON DAY SAVINGS Nations Clocks to Be Advanced One Hour 2nd Week in February WASHINGTON 01P The house Thursday completed con gressional action on daylight sav ing time legislation to advance the nations clocks one hour in the second week of February The house adopted a confer ence report on the bill by voice vote Senate approval of the re poit was voted under suspension of customary rules late Wednes day President Roosevelt requested tiic legislation to conserve about 500000 kilowatt hours ot elec tric power a day for war produc tion In hydroelectric power particularly those where rainfall has been sparse the sav ing is vital Other Sites Offered as Home for State Fair DES MOINES 1942 Iowa Stale fair1 may not be home less if the army decides to take the fairgrounds here as an air corps induction center Lloyd B Cunningham fair board secretary said the AllIowa fair at Cedar Rapids and the Mississippi Valley fair nt Davenport have offered to entertain the state event SWITCHES TO BIKES PORTLAND Ore 1 Armcntrout for 25 years an auto mobile dealer went into the bicycle business Thursday at the same old stand ;