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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 14, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS UNITED LEASED MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JANUARY 14 1943 THIS PAPEn CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 83 REDS FAN OUT IN CAUCASUS DRIVE QUICK ADVANCE ALONG RR TO ROSTOV LISTED British Hear German Officers Are Flying From Stalingrad Trap By HENRY C CASSIDY MOSCOW red armys comeback drive through the Cau casus was reported Thursday fan ning out wider on both sides bl the RostovBaku trunk line as separate spearheads of the assault stabbed on through towns more than 200 miles west and 50 miles north oE recaptured Mineralnye Vody Despite German attempts at a stand the Russians were broad ening their offensive front in fighting unchecked by steady rains and wet snow which bogged the fertile valley fields with mud and water A dozen towns were won back under the red banner in the con tinuing drive officials announced German reports that the Rus sians had launched new offen sives against the Leningrad siege line or on the Voronezh front to the north of the Don bend were not confirmed here Neither com muniques nor battlefront dis patches mentioned these sectors Dispatches announcing the re capture of Novo Bladgodarnoye Placed the Russian advance more than 20 miles west of the spa town of Mineralnye Vodv recaptured early this week Another arm of the offensive swept through Kumagorsky and on past Zhuravsfcoye 58 miles north of Mineralnye Vody In between on thestraight ened the Russians re ported seizing the little towns of Kalaborka Orbeliauovka and Pobegailovskoye in the heart of some of the most intensively farmed land in the Caucasus Battlefront accounts said tanks led the Russian advance breaking up nazi counterattacks a 1 o n H highways and rail lines of the Kuma river valley near Kuma gorsky Red star mouthpiece of the Russian army said a large Ger man force had been surrounded in one Caucasian settlement and was under the combined attacks of tanks and Cossack cavalry In their regular early war bul letin the soviet leaders re counted a sharp advance along the f slowlnS down of the combined drive northwest of Mmeralnye Vody the smashing of waves of determined axis counterattacks in the lower Don vei arca and new successes in trie Kussian campaign to throw the Germans out of the Stalingrad area and to exterminate the besiegers Red army columns slashed from the Mineralnye todyRostov rail line to recap lure Zhuravskoye seizing the district center of Novoselitskoye and other large towns in the ad vance it was stated Zhuravskoye is 45 miles west of Budennovsk and 20 miles to the north of it is Slagodarnoyc at the Head of a rail spur that pushes northwest to meet the Divnoe Kropotkin railroad Thus more elements of the Caucasus army are fused with the red army troops that had roiled south through the Kalmyck sleppe to form a vast front now ready to turn west in asweep toward Rostov In one unspecified sector of the Caucasus battle the early com munique reported that a German infantry and tank counterattack was repulsed with H tanks de stroyed and the infantry turned by a flank attack that accounted for 100 German dead The German news agency DNB was quoted by Reuters British news agency as conceding Wed nesday night that soviet tanks had broken the axis main line in the Caucasus f A series of German counter attacks in the lower Don val ley was repulsed with heavy loss to the enemy in all sectors the Russians reported In the battle to clear the Ger mans out of Stalingrad the citys defenders who had broken through to the western suburbs consoli aS ff Positions killed about 400 invaders as they threw back counterattacks the commu nique said The Moscow correspondent of Reuters reported in London that highranking German officers were leaving the Stalingrad area by plane Fleeing Germans Eat a Bite Lven an army which is desperately trying to avoid capture or destruction by a relentlessly pursuing foe must take time out to eat These Germans members of a field gun crew look none too happy as they stop for a bite somewhere on the Russian front This picture was re ceived in London from a neutral source after it had ap peared in an axis magazine Frances Farmer Sentenced to Jail for Breaking Probation Once Glamorous Actress Knocks Down Officer in Melee in Courtroom SANTA MONICA Cal Frances Farmer once glamorous screen actress was sentenced to 180 days in jail Thursday for vio lation of drunk driving probation and in a wild melee as she was taken from court knocked down one officer but was finally sub dued by others Have you ever had a broken heart she screamed at a matron as she was carried to a cell W That was he only possible hint as to the reason for a wild 24 hours marked by a fijfht which preceded her arrest in a fashionable Hollywood hotel Since you appeared in this court last Oct 24 Police Judge Marshall Hickson asked her ns she was brought before him have you had anything to drink Her answer was a shout Yes I drank everything I could get including benzedrine Must I starve to death to obey your laws The judge silenced her to pro nounce sentence The scene in the matrons office took place after she was refused permission to use a telephone The sentence climaxed a ca reer which began in Hollywood six years agro after the Seattle cirl a university graduate had made a trip to Russia as re ward for winning a hometown newspapers popularity contest It was no movie glamor girl who faced the bench however Her light blue suit was mussed her blond hair straggling her eyes were red She had spent the night in jail after her arrest in a fash ionable Hollywood hotel A bench warrant was issued last week charging that the ac tress had failed to pay the bal ance of a fine for drunken driving She had paid S125 at the time probation was granted FLING COSTS ACTRESS KOUE IN FILM HOLLYWOOD UR Actress Frances Farmers 24hour Thursday cost her a film rote and ended in her arrest on a charge of violating probation During that time she allegedly dislocated a hair dressers jaw on a studio set she was involved in a night club argument and finally she was arrested Detective Earl R e I n b o I d awoke her in a fashionable Hollywood hotel Wednesday to take her into custody He sard she fled to a bathroom and made her reappearance in ihe node When she was booked at the jail she listed her occupation in an unorthodox fashion that caused the booking officer to jump whin he rtad it Miss Farmer had been sought for two weeks for violation oi FRAIVCES FARMER probation A sixmonth jail sent ence for drunken driving had been suspended on condition thai she pay a line and remain out of trouble for two years She paid only half Ihe fine and failed to appear when the balance was due Edna Eurge studio hairdresser brought a battery complaint against Miss Farmer Wednesday charging that she had been slug ged so hard by the blond actress that she had lo have her jaw set before she could close her mouth Miss Surge said she was attacked without provocation while she was setting Miss Farmers hair The Monogram Studio later disclosed that Miss Farmer Iiad been removed from the lead role of No Escape and that iVfary Brian had been substi tuted Emily Grinnell an aircraft worker told of the night club argument and said she was at tempting to quiet Miss Farmer when the actress slid from her chair and left her sweater in my arms Miss Farmer was divorced last fall by Actor Lief Erickson at Reno Father of 9 Convicted of Slaying Friend KANSAS CITY Kans Wyandotte county district court jurors convicted Albert Marcus 36 the father of nine children of firstdegree murder in the slay ing of lus friend George although the victims mother Mrs May AHop earlier had asked that prosecution be dropped The jury of seven women and five men fixed punishment at life impris onment Yankee PTs Hit 2 Nippon Destroyers By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS American motor torpedo boats darting into battle against Japa nese warships were officially re ported Thursday to have dam aged two and possibly three enemy destroyers in the waters off Guadalcanal island in the Solomons A navy department bulletin said the enemy warships prer sumably attempting to carry reinforcements to embattled Japanese troops on the island were forced to withdraw to the northwest as a result of the furious torpedoboat assault Two torpedo hits were scored on one ot the destroyers one hit on a second destroyer and two possible hits on a third the navy said The navys communique said U S army troops on the island con tinued their advance under aerial support Allied warplancs blasting at Japans farilimg invasion armies from Burma to the South seas were officially credited Thursday with setting big fires at the im portant enemy base of Lac New Guinea and raining destruction on halt a dozen other targets On the NovGuinea land front heavy rains slowed efforts to an nihilate the trapped Japanese gar rison at Sanananda Point but small allied patrols worked con stantly to ferret out hidden pnsi tions in the swamps and jungles Gen Douglas MacArthurs head quarters said united nations rir men bombed Lae Salamaua Ha dang and Finschhafen in northeast New Guinea striking the heaviest blows at Lae where Japanese re inforcements landed from a badly battered convoy last week In a series of coordinated at tacks our heavy medium and at tack units with strong fighter cover bombed the Lae airdrome harbor installations stores and barges General lUacArthur re ported Damage was heavy and large fires were started Nine Japanese bombers raided tile wharf area at Merauke in Dutch New Guinea the commun ique said but caused negligible damage In Burma RAF planes flying from bases in India renewed the attack on the big Japanese base at Akyab on tne Bay of Bengal and pounded targets at Kyauktaw 40 miles north of Akyab BETffHlSEN TAKES STAND Testifies Against Actor Enrol Flynn LOS ANGELES squarely and severely at Movie Star Errol Flynn 17 year old Betty Hansen told a jury Thursday of intimate events in an upstairs bed room following a dinner party at a Bel Air home last Sept 27 The blond Lincoln Ncbr schoolgirl the stales first major witness in Flynns trial on three counts of statutory rape involv ing her and another girl save her testimony unhesitatingly Flynn portrayer of romantic movie roles watched her closely chin in hand if Belly said the act occurred at the home of Fred McEvoy forme British sportsman after a dinner party for six Before dirmer she said Flynn gave her a drink of liquor she could not identify She said siic sat on his lap while in a sunroom outside the living room At dinner I ale a little soup and went back to the sunroom the girl told the superior court jury of nine women and three men Then I went back had some dessert and returned to the sun room The as she re ferred to Flynn throughout her out and told me I wasnt feeling well He said hed take mo upstairs Betty began her testimony by saying she turned 17 last Sept 21 and that she had never been mar ried She was preceded on the wit ness stand by her older sister Jlrs Patricia Marsden who tes tified was born at 2125 L street Lincoln Nebr Mrs Marsden said that last Sept 14 while Betty was residing with her here they had a dispute and Betty left the house In two other counts against Flynn the state alleges statutory rape offenses against Peggy Larue Satterlee 16 Hollywood enter tainer on the actors 75foot yacht Sirocco on Aug 3 1951 RAF DROPS 100 TONS OF BOMBS IN ESSEN RAID Marks 8th Attack on Germany in 11 Nights by Heavy Bombers LONDON hardhit home of the giant Krupp arma ment works was battered by 100 tons of explosives and incen diaries Wednesday night in the RAFs third consecutive night at tack on the industrial Ruhr val ley it was announced officially Thursday it The air ministry said four of the bombers which carried out the concentrated 12 minute downpour of destruction on the repeatedlyraided industrial center were lost Other parts of the Ruhr also were hit but Essen was the main target a communique declared It was the RAFs eighth attack on Germany in 11 nights The communique announced the loss of one fighter aircraft on operations over France and Hol land and said Hudsons of the coastal command without loss attacked an enemy convoy off the Dutch coast Two enemy supply ships were hit So concentrated was the attack that the planes unloaded their deadly cargoes over the tinget in the space of 12 minutes the an nouncement disclosed if The raid provided a follow up to a thunderous daylight assault on occupied France and the Netherlands Wednesday in which American flying fort resses played a major role The previous seven night raids had been directed at industrial cities in the Ruhr valley includ ing Essen German night raiders mean while attacked several places on the northwest coast of England but the activity was said to be light and no casualties were re ported The raid in whicu the flyin fortresses participated Wednesday was described as one oi the heaviest ever carried out in day light over occupied Europe The principal target of the f rtresses was the industrial city of Lille which was subjected to its third heavy bombing of the war Visibility was good and num erous bursts were observed on the target and in railway a communique said Three of the fourmotored American planes failed to return from the raid and two RAF fighters were missing after sweeps over Holland where transporta tion and gun positions were blasted Three German planes were reported shot down Sharing attention with this activity was the air ministrys disclosure of a three year old war story ot how Wellington bombers helped clear deadly German magnetic mines from the waters around Britain In a new booklet on the nil force Coastal Command the ministry said that the Wellingtons had been equipped with a secret device which set off the mines when the bombers flew over them at low altitude The device was a hooplikc con trivance extending entirely around the plane and designed to set up a magnetic field with current sup plied by an auxiliary engine Cut State Income Tax Hickenlooper Requests a TAKES OATH AS 29THGOVERNOR TO SERVE H Weather Report FORECAST MASON tem peratures Thursday afternoon becoming colder Thursday night and Friday forenoon moderately strong winds temperature 10 IOWA Colder Thursday night and Friday forenoon modcratcly strong winds MINNESOTA Near cold wave Thursday afternoon and Thurs day night and south portion Fri day forenoon Moderately strong winds Thursday afternoon and Thursday night Lowest temper ature Thursday night 10 or 15 below north and near zero south portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 36 Minimum Wednesday night 19 At 8 a m Thursday 36 Snow i inch Precipitation 04 inch YEAR AGO Maximum SB Minimum 20 Iowas New Governor From lieutenant governor to the path followed by Gov Bourke B IlicJcenlooper of Cedar Rapids who Thursday afternoon delivered his inaugural address to the 50th Iowa general assembly gathered in joint ses sion at the statchouse in DCS Moines Iowa Daily Press photo French Take 2 Strategic Tunisia Hills By WES GALLAGHER ALL E D HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA troops in Tunisia attacking north west of Kairoiian captured two strategic heights Wednesday it was announced Thursday A French spokesman de scribed the sains as important He said the captured heights were Jclicl Ilaoub and Jcbel Bou Davouss which jut from the desert northeastward from Pichon Algiers an allied base for the Tunisian operations had two air raid alerts Wednesday night A Reuters dispatch from North Africa said direct contact had been established between Gen Henri Honorc Giiuiuls head quarters and the Fighting French of Brig Gen Jacques the first such liaison in the new phase of the African war A message to General Guitid from Gpneral LeClerc who has cleaned vip the Fezzan desert area of central Libya in a drive north ward from Lake Chad was de livered by a liaison officer Wed nesday the dispatch said How the olficer made the trip was not disclosed but he might have flown or used an armored car escort Bad weather temporarily halt ed allied aerial operations from the west against Marshal Erwin Rommels forces in Libya An indication of the strength the allies arc building up for the coining battles came in a report that the British navy had successfully escorted 371 transports supply ships anil other vessels totilinR 7600000 tons between Gibraltar and North African ports from last Nov 8 when the AEF made its first landings to Jan 8 The French operations north west ofKairouaii a German held communications center southwest or the port of Sousse were the only offensive actions along the Tunisian front Even this action was not touched upon in an al lied force communique There is no change in the ground situation it said Air activity was light Our fighters shot down one enemy fighter without loss Last night two enemy bomb ers were destroyed H is now known that one more enemy bomber was destroyed Jan 12 ARE INDICTED ON FRAUD CHARGES Another Branch of Anaconda Is Involved WASHINGTON Alornci General Eicidlc announced Thurs day that n federal grand jury a Providence R 1 had indicted th Anaconda Wire and Cable com pany of Pawtiickct n I and fjv individuals on cluirycs of con spiring to defraud the govcriiinen and present false claims in con nection with wire and cable pro duced for tlie United States anc British armies The indictment made public by the justice department allegec that defective and untested and cable had been shipped to tl fighting forces as a result of deliberate policy of evasion of ii spcetioii A similar diarge was placed Dec 21 by a federal grand jury at Fort Wayne ind asainst the Anaconda Wire and Cable com pany of Marion Ind Both com panies arc in a group of eight plants controlled by Anaconda Copper Mining company The government charged th a I the conspiracy resulted in the production and delivery to the British war ministry and the United Slates army signal corps of inferior and defective wire and cable which was intended to be used for military purposes Experiments Conducted in Cabin Camp Where 2 Were Found Dead IOWA CITY Coron er Frank L Love called several experiment were conducted Thursday with i gas burner it the cabin camp where a graduate nurse and a University of lown medical senior were found dead Monday afternoon Dr Love said the small gas stove found buininn in the couples cabin would be relighted in an effort to establish approxi mate temperature and oxycn conditions within the 10 foot room where the two blistered bodies were found Monday Meantime Dean Emeritus WiU bur J Teeters of the college of pharmacy said it may be two or three days before he is ready to report findings of a toxicology examination he is making in con nection with the case Sees No Necessity for Additional Taxation for Next Biennium DES MOINES B Hickenlooper republican 4G year old Cedar Rapids attorney be came the 29th governor of Iowa Thursday and in his inaugural address called for a substantial reduction ot the state income tax lor 1UJ2 and 1943 As the retiring governor George A Wilson had recom mended in a message to the legislature Tuesday Hicken looper also said he saw no present necessitjfor any addi tional taxation for the comiiif bicimium V Hickenlooper first veteran of World war 1 to become the states chief executive observed a growing national tendency toward bureaucracy by which govern ment is conducted under orders am regulations promulgated by appointed officials rather than by clearly defined statutes and added I do not refer to the emer gency powers of war but to tlie Browing peace time tendency that is continuing with respect tcrrioh war controls Not since the second admin istration of Governor in civil war an Iowa administration begun and a leg islature convened with our country at war he told the gen eral assembly The cintii of office was ad ministered lo the new governor by Chief Justice T G Garfield of the state supreme court be fore a joint session of the house and senate in the house of rep resentatives cliamlicr Robert D Blue 44 of Eagle Grove was sworn in as the lieutenant governor at the same ceremony The guard of honor for the oc casion was composed of members of Uanford Past No 5 of the American Legion at Cedar Rapids of which Governor Hickenlooper is a member The Kcv Robert Little of the First Presbyterian church Cedar Rapids gave the invocation Spectators including a large delegation from the new gover nors home city crowded the gal leries in the house chamber and overflowed into the capitol cor ridors Hickenlooper urged that there be no tinkeringwith the machin ery of government while thou sands of men arc absent rom Ilia slate in the armed forces With over 100000 of our men now in be fore this emergency ends if we raise an army of 8000000 to iOOOOnoo then no doubt over 200000 Inwans will be in serv would be unfair to ex periment with or substantially alter functions of government in tlicir absence Hickenlooper declared Our citizens in the armed forces have earned their right to every consideration we can give They have a right to voice their opinions on important issues and to participate in important changes when they return Tlicir numbers may constitute nearly one tenth of our population Their interests and their right to full participation are in our charge and we must be faithlul lo that trust Tlie new governors recommen dations to the legislature in ad dition to reduction of the income lax included increased appropria tions lo state board of control institutions to offset the higher cost of food and supplies and con sidcrnlion of the question of in creased salaries for state employes in the lawer salaried brackets He nrged that unused appro priations for new buildings re maining from the cnrrent bi ennium because of the wartime ban on construction should be invested in public securities as a trust in order to make them available at the end of the emergency for the purposes for which they were appropriated He suggested that the legislature give careful attention to the ;