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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 14, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP DEPART ME I r OF H I STOHY A3CKI YE S 0 I fi i 5 VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUU LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY THi NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JANUARY 14 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION OKE WAVELL LAUNCHES BLOWS AT JAPS Reds Reported Within 100 Miles of Smolensk KHARKOVGATES ARE REACHED IN RIBS ADVANCE Whole Moscow Front in Motion Reports by Soviet Chiefs Show By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Russian troops were reported advancing within 100 miles of Adolf Hitlers winter headquarters at Smolensk Wednesday while in the south red army forces were pictured as storming at the outer i gates of Kharkov Russias Pitts burgh in the Ukraine Soviet military dispatches said collapse of a German wing de fending a flank of the Moscow toMozhaisk highway had knocked out the Germans last zone of positional warfare be fore Bloscow that the whole front is now in motion The Russians declared that Hit lers reeling armies had lost 000 killed between Nov IS and Jan 6 with 20000 slain in recent fighting in the Donets river in dustrial basin Soviet troops were described as now battering heavily against German defenses at Mozhaisk itself 57 miles west of Moscow where a nazi garrison of 100000 men still held out despite the dan ger of being trapped by Russian pincers closing in from the north and south German military quarters ac fcnowledged thatthe Russians had broken into Mozhaisklines Sun day but asserted they were dis lodged in a counterattack which cost the Russians 300 dead Dispatches from Moscow Vichy and London pieced out a picture of heavy thrusts against the Ger mans ahrough which Red army men recaptured Kir ov a strategic rail junction 150 miles southwest of Moscow in fighting which littered the with German dead Gorokhovo in the vital Moz haisk sector 57 miles west of Mos cow was recaptured Staraya Russa near Lake Ilmen 130 miles south of Leningrad was Reshuffle in British War NELSON TO USE Cabinet Likely FIRM HAND TO mA cnrrn nilTDIIT LONDON reshuffle of the British cabinet as a result of criticisms over war management and changes in ministerial assign ments were described as imminent Wednesday in parliamentary circles It was stated that announce ment might even precede the re turn to London of Prime Minister Churchill from his conferences in Washington with President Roose velt Some informants said the changes likely would involve ap pointment of a new minister of supply not because of dissatisfac tion with Lord Beaverbrook who now holds the post but because he is expected to be kept in Washing ton to help coordinate supply problems allied Prominently mentioned as like ly to succeed Lord Beaverbrook at least in temporary capacity while he is abroad was one of his righthand John L Llewellin former parliamentary secretary to the ministry of supply and aircraft production Llewellin generally is regarded by the British as an able man who deserves promotion There also were reports that Sir Stafford Cripps ambassador to Russia soon will return be cause he believes he has accom plished the job lie was sent to do better relations be tween Britain and the soviet Many believe he would like to appear in parliament as inter preter and expounder of the Rus sian viewpoint on matters con cerning the soviet restored through to the Russian withdrawal control of the German garrison under pincer pressure Soviet soldiers pressed within 12 miles of Kharkov the Donets basin industrial center 400 miles below Moscow Russian cavalrymen newly landed in the Crimea were re ported to be raiding German posi tions at Karasubazar 25 miles of Simferopol and driv ing northeastward toward the Per ekop isthmus from the Feodosiya area while parachute troops sfruck at behindthelines objec tives NAZIS TAKE REPRISALS AGAINST NORyVEGIANS A Stockholm dispatch said Ger man occupation authorities in Norway were reported to have taken reprisals against Norwe gians with fire confiscations and imprisonment for British raids on the nations Lofoten islands About 40 buildings owned by Norwegians who went to Eng land in the vessels of British raid ers were burned the dispatch said all their other property was seized and some 100 of their male rela tives were sent to a German con centration camp BRITISH CONTINUE TO PURSUE AXIS IN AFRICA On tiie north Afiican front British headquarters noted in creasing axis aerial activity but reported that advance imperial troops were driving forward in pursuit of Gen Erwin Rommclr retreating army south of El Ag heila 90 miles southwest of the old battle sector of Agedabia Further satisfactory progress was made and increasing pressure was brought to bear upon the enemy rearguards a Cairo bulle tin said British Air Raid Toll in December Only 34 LONDON 34 civilians were killed by air raids on Britain during December the ministry of home security announced Wednes day This figure compared with the toll of 3793 civilians killed and an additional 5014 injured and hospitalized as the result of air raids in December 1940 CLAIM OF NAZI UNREST SCORED Knox Asserts Stories Apparently Designed to Hinder U S War Effort WASHINGTON of the Navy Frank Knox declared Wednesday that Adolf Hitler still has the greatest military machine in the world and he warned that naziinspired stories of unrest in Germany apparently are designed to create disunity in this countrys war effort I communicate fo you my suspicions and they are sus picions only Knox told apress conference But it is curious to note that almost every story of unrest in Germany originates in territory controlled by the nazis That alone would give you a suspicious hunch Apparently the Germans are trying to take the fine edge off our energy and our sense of urgency He was inclined to believe re ports of a recent shakeup in the German high command but noted it has happened once before shakeups he added are not likely affect the outcome of the war I dont think there is a Ger man rout in Russia he said in re ply to a question I think its a withdrawal Perhaps some has been hasty but I dont think that this means that they are licked They still have the greatest military machine in the world Of course the Russians have put a crimp into it but we mustnt thmk its falling apart But they probably still have some sur prises up their sleeves When a reporter suggested that stories of German unrest were designed to affect the Rio de Janeiro conference of American foreign ministers the secretary said he would not attempt to link those propaganda efforts to the Rio meeting Enemy Aliens Ordered From British Columbia OTTAWA Wthe government announced Wednesday that all enemy aliens would be removed from the defense areas of British Columbia where there are some Japanese The only excep tion will be those holding police permits to remain Anderson Is Named Coe College President CEDAR RAPIDS Dr Charles A Anderson 52 president for the last 10 years of Tusculum college Greenville Tenn Wednes day was chosen president of Coe college at a special meeting of the Coe board of trustees it was an nounced by Arthur Foe president of the board Ready to Shake Up Entire Defense Setup If Necessary to Win WASHINGTON new war production boss Donald M Nelson army navy and OPM Wednesday that he was ready to shake up the entire de fense setup if necessary to lick Hitler and the Japs Any organizational changes that have to be made in order to do this job will be made Nelson declared in a letter to William S Knudsen OPM director general Undersecretary of War Robert P Patterson and Undersecretary of the Navy James V Forrestal The letter marked Nelsons first official act since his selec tion late Wednesday by Presi dent Roosevelt as the one man head of the nations entire war production and procurement machinery V We have just one job to to make enough war material to lick Hitler and the Japs and to do it in the shortest possible time the brief said Any organizational changes that have to be made in order to do this job will be made The present organization must and will evolve into the most effective possible instrument to do it Everyone connected with pro duction andprpcurement in all agencies of the government must carry on with the utmost devotion and energy Earlier Senators Connally D Tex and Wiley R Wis urged in the senate that Nelson be given complete authority over the na tions machinery of production and supply Bringing to light fears among some legislators that Nelson might ce given only limited power Con nally said he believed that if the former executive director of the supply priorities and allocations board is handed the power to make final decisions we will get re sults President Roosevelt announced Tuesday tliat Nelson would head up the war production and supply efforts An executive order mak ing this setup effective is yet to come The only thing I fear Con nally told his colleagues is that Nelson may not be given the broad authority for his activities over as xvide a scope as I would like to see Expressing the same viewpoint Wiley he was convinced that a tough guy was needed to boss the program adding That tough guy must have power This Mas no lime Wiley went on for members of congress to be engaging in criticism He advised his colleagues to wait SO days lo sec what Nelson coutd do and expressed confidence in the results that would be ac complished With Wiley pleading for unity Senator Vandenberg RMich said he didnt see how there could be unity in the country when the president and the secretary of ag riculture Iravcl in different direc tions The president opposed dual authority over agriculture prices in the pending price control bill which was amended in the senate with Secretary of Agricul ture Wickards support to give him a veto over farm price fixing orders Willkie Offered New Job Nazi Planes Concentrated in TO RATIONfcARS on Island of Malta Possible DONALD M NELSON S Production Czar Henderson to Release 614000 Autos for Sale by Dealers WASHINGTON Ad ministrator Leon Henderson Wed nesday disclosed plans to release from 614000 to 674000 new cars for sae by dealers under a ration ing plan similar to that in opera tion for tires and tubes The plan he said has been pre sented for approval to the supply priorities and allocations board soon to be he did not say when it might be put into effect Henderson made the statement in testimony before the special house committee investigating the impact of the industrial war effort on small business Henderson said that between 550000 and 600000 new cars now frozen by government orders will be subject to rationing A share of the 2040000 cars to be produced by the industry during January will be placed in the same cate gory Of the January produclion Henderson said the plan contem plates freezing from 130000 lo 140000 for about a year lo provide a stockpile for future needs The remainder he said will be thrown in with present floor slocks lo be rationed to the pub lic and thus afford some relief to dealers faced with a possible shutdown He did not give details of the rationing plan beyond saying that the 5000 local defense councils throughout the country would de termine who should get the vehicles on the basis of actual need Conservation of Grains Used in Alcoholic Beverages Is Urged DES MOINES Iowa AntiSaloon league urged Presi dent Roosevelt to conserve grains and sugar now used in the manu facture of alcoholic beverages and rnctal containers rubber and other materials now used by the liquor industry and needed for war production A resolution passed at the leagues annual con vention asked the president lo abolish the sale of alcoholic bev erages in and near army camps Dr Kessler Former U Instructor Dies CEDAR RAPIDS John B Kcsslcr 91 who before his re tirement in 1932 had been head of the department of dermatology in the college of medicine at Ihc Uni versity of Iowa for 32 years died in a Cedar Rapids hospital Wednesday following a short ill ness He observed his 91st birth day Saturday By DeWITT MACKENZIE Wide World War Analyst read in thc Concentration of nazi o c Concenraton of nazi tf CR and Slcily thc Possibility of u fulldress of be for any offensive to seize Mediterranean That might well U11J campaign which Hitler undertakes in the near future while he has vast forces lied up in Russia will be largely aerial Also if he could gain domination of the Mediter ranean he would have inflicted on his enemy aster so ter rible that would have made a mighty stride towards winning var Malta is Atlas that car ries on its back a power that goes far to wards main taining this allMACKENZIE important domination of Musso linis mnre nostrum Speaking of il duce it seems strange to bo talking of nazi concentration on his own soil it must be remem bered that the Italians have be come unwilling hewers of wood and carriers of water for the Ger man master The big island of its area of 35 square miles and population of a quarter lies aboul half way between thc western and eastern gateways lo the Mediterranean Gibraltar and the Suez canal That in itself is important but its strategic strength rests largely in the fact that it commands the narrow about 90 miles Sicily and Cape Bon in French Tunisia on thc African coast Naturally Malla lonp has been a key position for the British though its as a naval base has been weakened because fif Ihc sinking power developed by Ihe air forces in this war Malta has one of those socalled impregnable fortresses such as boased by Singapore and Gibral tar but like all ciladels these days is susceplible to air attack and may bo rendered useless as a base for ships However it has at least two airdromes from which bombing raids can be counterattacked and returned and from which ship ping can be bombed The loss of this base to the axis would have several grave effects on the British position For in stance if the Germans could cap ture the island and utilize its air dromes in conjunction with the Italian airbascs In nearby Sicily it might enable the axis to cut thc Mediterranean in two This would sever connection bc wccn the eastern and western portions ot the British fleet That cl dMS would force the round Africa lo through the Suez cnnal to thc east ern Mediterranean and to reach thc far east British to go move supplies MORE TROOPS REACH BURMA Other Land and Sea Reinforcements Also on Way to Rangoon RANGOON Burma Land and air reinforcements for the de fense of Burma have arrived and more are on the way it was an nounced Wednesday night of ficially The new reinforcements will serve in the forces of Lieut Gen T J Hutton former chief of Ihe general staff of India who was appointed last monlh as Brit ish officer commanding in Burma MAY GET COMMISSIONS DES MOINES and fourth year medical students and first year interns may obtain re serve commissions and finish their medical training before being or dered to active duty state selec tive service headquarters an nounced Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Fair and colder Wednesday afternoon and Wcd ncsday night lowest tempera ture Wednesday night Mason City 8 IOWA Paiv and colder Wednes day afternoon and Wednesday night lowest temperature Wed nesday night 12 to 20 in east and 18 to 25 in west porlion MINNESOTA Fair Wednesday afternoon and Wednesday night colder southeast not so cold northwest and north central portions Wednesday night with temperature beginning to rise over all of north and central portions by morning IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday Minimum Tuesday night At 8 a m Wednesday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 36 iO 26 30 U5 SUPREME CHIEF OF ALLIES NOW IN DUTCH INDIES CoOperating With Dutch WASHINGTON war department reported Wednesday that three American bombers co operating with the Dutch attacked a Japanese naval force engaged in landing operations in the Tara kan island area near Borneo sinking two enemy lighters The announcement made in a communique as of a m E S T for the first lime mentioned American operations in the Dutch Indies At the same lime it reported that Gen Douglas MacArthurs Philippine forces repulsed with heavy losses two determined at tacks by Japanese forces in the Bataan province sector ot the Philippines tlieater The enemy Tuesdav made two determined attacks which were in thc nature of reconnaissances in force These attacks were well supported by artillery and aircraft Both were repulsed by our troops with thc Japanese suffering heavy losses American and Philippine casualties were comparatively small Hostile airoperations were confined lo support of ground troops No attacks were made on our fortifications Reports received from Min danao and Jolo indicate that thc Japanese are establishing advance bases in these islands from which to support attacks on Malaya and tlie Netherlands Indies Indies Three American bombing planes cooperating with the forces of the Netherlands Inclies attacked a Japanese naval force engaged in landing operations in the Tarakan area of Borneo Un favorable weather conditions made it difficult to determine1 the re sults of the attack However it is known that two enemy lighters were destroyed Our planes re lumed to their base undamaged is nothing to ropor from other areas Netherlands Soldiers Battle in Sarawak Borneo and Tarakan By THE ASSOCIATED TRESS Gen Sir Archibald P Wavcll commander in chief of the new allied far cast command has ar rived in the Dutch East Indies and already launched a series of namic counterblows against Jap anese invasion forces military dispatches said Wednesday Dutcli troops were reported moving into action on the bor der of the While Rajah king dom of Sarawak where Japan ese troops had seized the capi tal Kuchiiiir and most of the northern territory Victory BIKE WASHINGTON Hen derson took time off from price Dutch Indies soldiers were alsr reported battling handtohand witJi Japanese invaders near Lako Toiulano on the northeast tip of Celebes island A Tokio broadcast said Tuesday that Japanese forces had captured Kakas airdrome at Mcnado chief port in Minahassn peninsula Celebes island across the Celebes sea from Borneo Simultaneously Dutch w a r planes bombed Japaneseoccupied Tarakan island off the coast of Dutcli North Borneo nnd a Jap anese base in the southern Phil ippines The Philippine base was pre sumably Davao on Mindanao island 600 miles south of Man ila which the Japanese were believed usinjr as a jumpinr off place for the invasion ot the Dutch Indies Dispatches from said Wavell hero first British drive into Libya north Lv Africa had arrived somewhere in the Indies archipelago and cs j tablishcd his headquarters Wednesday to go government stcn administerinc cycling with ographer perched on the handle bars Wearing a large felt hat and puffing a long black cigar Hen derson wheeled up and down the Mall near the capitol steps Sitting in a wire basket over the front wheel was Betty Barrett of York Nebr an OPM stenographer Tiic price administrator was demonstrating for ncwsrecl men and photographers a new victory model bicycle which had no ac cessories or frills It weighed about 20 pounds less than regular peace time models Henderson seemed to get Ihc most fun dumping Betty on the street to the added glee of photog raphers and onlookers WILL BUV AIRPORT SHLEDON voters indorsed 553 to 275 a proposal for the city to issue 529000 in bonds to finance the purchase and con struction ot a new airport BRITISH BLOW UP TUXVELS ON SINGAPORE FRONT Across the south China sea Brit ish jungle fighters in a new with drawal were apparently maneu vering Wednesday to defend an 80 mile front only BO miles north of Singapore as demolition engineers blew up tunnels bridges and roads to impede the advance of Japans invasion armies down the Malay peninsula Linked ivitli the illstarred Singapore campaign i reshuffle of the British cabinet as a result of criticisms over war manage ment was forecast in London par liamentary circles These quarters said nrinouncc ment of a shakcup might even be made before Prime Minister Churchills return to London from his conferences with President Roosevelt in Washington British far cast headquarters conceded a new withdrawal from a line established only two days ago north of Scremban in tlic Malay slate of Ncffri Sembilan 150 miles north nf Singapore Frontline dispatches said the British were slowly falling back toward the neck of the peninsula 60 miles south of Scrcmbnn where the iunglc wilderness narrows In ITANOJOEING V BALAI 100 MILES KOTA BHARU South BRITISH CfaHa MALAYA Sea KUAN TAN A LUMPUR 1 KUALA PEKAN VSEREMBAN MALACCA o Singapore reports indicated that the new British de fense line 90 miles north of Singapore lies in the region indicated by the sawtooth line Shaded area indicates Japa nese occupation British sairl they expected to check the near Kajan ;