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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 13, 1947, Mason City, Iowa CO AN3 ARCHIVEi MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS This Paper Consists Two One MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY 13 1947 Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME yoTuua One Mans A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE LcLO Hasoo CUT Sunday Quincy 111 Mon p m JvOI Ames a m TSUI Iowa Cltj Tborsdaj p o loney and Wealth Arent Synonymous I cant think of any one more mis thief in America today than the lelief of too many of our people Ua majority money Lnd wealth are the same thing that isnt true Its untrue In the working out of things rhis fallacy has caused us to as fcumc that a mere increase of our Hollar income would solve all w tour problems As a matter of fact Ithis trend has created more proo Bems than it has solved Wages can be divided into two wages and SEAL wages The nominal wage is the num er monetary units one receives Kor services performed the real wage is what the monetary units eceived per day per week per month or per year will buy of ithose commodities which enter into the daily life of the average than a few will say that lone might be better off with a Smonthly income of S150 a month Slhan he would be with an income S300 a month It all depends Bon the price level w1 7ITH this as a starting point lets visit for a while about I the nature of this thing called I money And in the visit Ill be Idrawing rather heavily on a let Iter passed along to me not long Sago by a wise old friend j The letter was addressed to a I young woman whose limited study Jin the field of economics and fi I fiance had prompted an interest I in the theory of money I Wealth it was pointed out I consists basically of things that i satisfy human meat land a home a doctors services books a picture show iron lum ber transportation and countless I otheritems I Money in contrast is merely a measure of wealth About the only I human want that could be satis Pfied by thedirect useofa bill would be to use it to kindle i fire You cant eat it you can t vear it It has no value in itself I It is not wealth ALONG with being a measure of wealth money is a convenient medium of exchange When ac corded a standardized value it can be used to buy the things needed to sustain life or satisfy wants Before there was any such thing as money a mans wealth was measured by listing his posses sions He was worth so much land so many cattle and no doubt back in the dim past so many wives In those days business was con ducted by barter and many pigs for a donkey so many wives for so much land etc It was a slow and tedious process So the idea more or less suggested itself that all of this could be changed if somestandardized medium of exchange could be de vised IN the working out of this prin ciple many types of money have been used Rare shells were among the first of these Ameri can Indians used bead work or wampum But precious metal seemed best to serve the purpose John Ancient Citizen as my friend puts it would exchange his skins for a chunk of silver or gold because he could hammer it into an ornament to satisfy his vanity or more important he wouldnt have to carry it very far to find some one who would give him a canoe or a goat for it So shells wampurn silver or gold became a first medium of exchange How long it took for these items to become also a measure of value I dont know But somewhere along the line men realized how much easier trading would be if the same number of shells were strung on a string or if the gold and silver were in pieces of the same weight WHEN this happened mankind had its first money The product could be used both as a medium of exchange divided into uniform a measure of wealth The next logical step in the de velopment of money was to turn its manufacture over to govern ment for the purpose of guaran teeing that each coin of the same denomination would always con tain a certain weight of metal of the same purity The wish was for a money that would be a standard and unchang ing measure and it was felt that no private person or persons could be trusted with such a precious responsibility But this confidence was not always well based History records instances in both ancient and modern his tory in which governments be trayed their trust N occasion rulers o olden times would call in all coins CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Slippery Highways Cause Iowa Deaths AP Wircpholo IOWA LEGISLATORS picture Rep Arch W McFarlane RWateiioo left oldest legislator in point of service gives a few pointers to this session s youngest iwjj 0 i rliA ic lilmrl drill havo hlQ will have his member Rep Leonard E Scott 29 Scott who is blind wife center as his secretary Lower 3 women republican legislators mee in Des Moines before the opening of the 52nd legislature They are left right Rep Edna C Lawrence Ottumwa Senator Kathlyn M rurketeg Bedford and Rep Amy M Bloom Dayton 52nd Iowa Legislature Opens With Election of 2 Farmers Name Kuester Speaker Leo Voted President Pro Tern of Senators By DWIGHT McCOKMACK Des Moines 52nd Iowa legislature faced with problems as complex and varied as any session in the justclosed first cen tury of statehood opened Monday with the election of 2 farmers as speaker of the house and president pro tern ofthe senate Rep G T Gus Kuester 58 Griswold farmer was chosen speaker as a result of the over whelming republican majority in the house He is serving his 7th consecutive session Senator Richard V Leo 57 Dysart farmer was elected presi dent pro tern of the upper chamber where the republicans also have a heavy majority He is serving his 5th consecutive session Appropriations and revenue will be the prime problems of the ses sion in which nearly onethird of the members will be firsttermers Of the 108 house members 98 are republicans and 10 democrats In the 50member senate 46 are re publicans and 4 democrats Fiftyfour or half the members of the house are farmers and 18 including the democratic floor Rep Gene Poston On taking over Kuester asked Divine guidance in the discharge of his tasks and urged house mem bers to hew to the line for good government for all the people of Iowa This can be done without part isan politics he said Kuester urged the house to go easy on appropriations of a con tinuing nature He added that while the state cannot legislate morals legislative action should e on the side of higher ideals ON vti are attorneys There are 2 women representatives the first time in history there have been 2 in the house at the same time Eleven senators are farmers and 17 are attorneys There is one woman in the senate the second of her sex to serve in the upper house Legislators place no supersti tion on the fact that the session opened on the 13th This has hap pened 8 times before More than 100 bills already have been prepared for introduction The totalmight run well over 500 in each house The session is ex pected to last about 100 legislative days Oother opening day business was devoted to the preliminaries of organization Senator Leo El thon RFertile took up his duties as majority floor leader in the sen ate and Rep Arch W McFarlane began his work as majority floor leader in the house One of the first tasks of the session will be to decide whether to continue the state individua income tax at half rate as in the last 4 years The payments on 1946 income are due March 31 If nc action is taken the levy returns tc full rate The Iowa Farm Bureau Feder ation the Iowa Stale Education association and other organiza lions are pressing for the full rat to finance a request for increas of school aid from the presen approximately to 000000 Increased appropriations for op eraling expenses all along the lin will make up the other chief ap propriations problems Kueslers election as speake was unanimous He was nomin atcd by Rep C A Bryson R Iowa Falls and several other DRIVERS INJURED N LOCAL CRASH Gasoline Truck Bus Damaged in Collision Drivers of a Champlin Refining ornpany gasoline truck and a Ma on City Motor Coach were in ured when the vehicles collided t 6th and N Penn about a n Monday No passengers on the jus were injured according to lolice who investigated Donald R Jensen 116 17th S E driver of the bus was taken tc he Park hospital for treatment o njuries to his left leg but wa ater dismissed and taken to hi lome Donald C Ouverson 120 W State driver of the truck also re ceived bruises and cuts on hi mees and shins Ouverson was driving the true south on Pennsylvania when i collided with the bus going norti on Penh The left front ends o Doth vehicles were damaged Th ruck also collided with a parke car owned by Dale H Brinkman Too Cold for Nudes Tokyo posing cease at the UENO art school Monda Because the school directors feare the models might catch cold Th newspaper Mainichi reported n coal had been delivered to th school during the past month Weather Report FORECAST lason City Cloudy with occa sional drizzle or very light rain and rising temperature Monday night Low Monday night 3035 Tuesday light rain changing to light snow and turning colder with temperature falling into the 20s during day Much colder Tuesday night strong shifting winds Tuesday owa Cloudy with rising temper ature Monday night and occa sional drizzle or very light rain Light rain changing to light snow and turning colder Tues day Much colder Tuesday night Strong shifting winds Tuesday Low Monday night 40 south east to32 northwest HighTues day 43 southeast and 32 north east falling throughout the day Minnesota Cloudy with rising temperatures Monday evening with light drizzle resulting in some glazing south and central portions and light snow extreme north portions Rain and drizzle changing to snow Monday night and becoming heavy entire state late Monday night and Tuesday with additional snow ranging from 5 inches northwest to 2 to 4 inches southeast Strong shift ing winds Monday night and Tuesday considerable drift Tuesday Colder Tuesday much colder Tuesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 34 Minimum 15 At 8 a m Sunday 19 YEAR AGO Maximum 31 Minimum 3 GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Monday Precipitation Snow USE TROOPS TO MOVE FOOD IN LONDON STRIKE Government Action Is Followed by Big Wave of Sympathy Walkouts London labor govern ment used 8000 troops and sailors Monday to move strikebound lood to hungry Londoners touch ing off a wave of sympathy strikes which involved more than 7000 workers and threatened to mushroom to gigantic proportions Within 15 minutes of the ar rival of army personnel at Smith field market the citys largest meat distributing center more than 2300 employes walked off the job in support of more than 15000 truck drivers who started an unofficial strike last Monday and rejected pleas of union leaders to return to work The truckmen demanded a 44 hour instead of a 48hour week 2 weeks paid vacations half pay during illness and adjustment of overtime pay conditions The 45 member road haulage central wages board met in emergency session to consider the demands and a previous decision which touched off the walkout London was tense All police leaves were cancelled and mount ed constables accompanied the convoys of military trucks Long lines army trucks poured into the citys east end past thousands of unsmiling persons at the curbs Almost immediately after the Smithfield workers struck 3000 laborers walked out at Covenl Garden chief vegetable market in London Hundreds of other workers quit jobs in London and elsewhere Prime Minister Attlee support ed in the decision to use troops by the 7 ministers whose departments were involved called a special cabinet meeting for late Monday and another for Tuesday The transport strike had grave iy shortened food supplies for the 10000000 persons in greater Lon don and spread to Liverpool Leeds Southampton and other Vandenberg Assures Marshall of GOP Support on Top Issues Senator Favors U S Funds for Relief in WarWrecked Countries Washington George C Marshall becomes secretary of slate this week with assurances from Senator Vandenberg of re publican support on major diplo matic issues expected to arise dur ing the months ahead Final plans for Marshall to lake the oath as successor to James F Byrnes are yet tobe announced but officials said privately that the ceremony probably will be held ai the white house the latter part of the week Marshall resting after 13 months of arduous diplomatic work in China remain ed in Honolulu over the week end and the ex acl time of his arrival is nol known M e a n w hile the pattern ol his future tasks and something the extent of the republican support he can expect in striv ing for their ac c o m p lishment Vandenberg were made clear in speeches by Byrnes and Van denberg the chairman of the sen ate foreign relations committee Vandenberg addressing t h Cleveland council on world affairs Saturday night spoke out for 1 Congressional appropriation to carry on an American relie program in warwrecked coun tries 2 Rehabilitation loans for coun tries which need them and 3 Confimiance of tariffTrefluc ing reciprocal trade agreements i some form Japs Go Bathless Naoetsu Japan of this village went unwashei Monday after 12 public bat houses closed their doors in pro test against a police order de manding elimination of sympath fees The proprietors conten that they need the sympath fees from bathers to help offse government price ceilings major cities Nearly 1000Bristol truckers quit and picketed depots and main roads appealing to working drivers to stop Subway bus and street car workers were reported grumbling in protest against the use of troops to replace striking truckers but a union spokesman said they had not called a meeting to consider sympathy action The striking truckmen belonged to the powerful Transport and General Workers union the coun trys largest labor organization which Ernest Bevin headed be fore he became foreign secretary VFW Urges Reopening of Schick Hospital Miles Is Named Editor Des Moines Iowa de partment executive council of Veterans of Foreign Wars will send a resolution to President RITES SET FOR CRASH VICTIM Goplerud Funeral at Osage to Be Wednesday of John Gopel ud 46 who was killed when his ruck crashed into a ditch after kidding on ice 3 miles west of lere Saturday morning will be leld Wednesday at 2 p m at the Osage Lutheran church The Rev P Solem will officiate Mr Gopelrud died in a Mason City hospital where his wife has ieen a patient for some time with heart ailment She will be dis missed from the hospital Tuesday and will be permitted to attend he rites Mr Gopelrud a prominent farmer of Mitchell county was on his way to town on a business errand when the accident oc curred He suffered a brain con cussion and never regained con iousness Besides his wife he leaves a son Dean who is a senior in ligh school his mother Mrs Anna Gopelrud Osage and 2 brothers Chris St Ansgar and Gerhard Osage 1 DEAD AND 15 HURT IN WRECK OF SCHOOL BUS Des Moines Man Dies in Collision of Auto and 2 SemiTrucks Two lowans were killed and 15 students were injured in 2 traffic accidents Monday as slippery highways combined with a dense tog made driving unusually haz ardous in many sections of the Youth Killed in Auto Upset East of Gait Ronald 19 of Popejoy died in a hospital at Iowa Falls Sunday afternoon from in juries suffered in an automobile accident east of Gait about 4 a m His companion Woodrow Retie 24 Popejoy owner of the car suf fered cuts and bruises Rash was driving the car at the time of the accident but authorities Monday morning were not clear as to the cause of the mishap The car got out of con trol overturned and rolled down an embankment British Clamp Down on Haifa After Mystery Blast Kills 4 142 Persons Are Hurt in Violent Explosion Police Station Wrecked YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 33 26 32 trace 14 14 0 Jerusalem IP Haifas 95000 inhabitants were held under vir tual house arrest Monday by a British curfew imposed Sunday night after a violent explosion wrecked the citys police station killing 4policemen and injuring more than 142 other persons The casualty list showed 2 British policemen and 2 Arab temporary constables dead 62 po Arab and Jew one Briton severely 48 civilians hospitalized 32 given first aid and many more cut bruised or shocked The off at p Truman urging reopening of thejm in an automobile load of ex Schick General army hospital at Clinton Iowa under operation of the veterans administration The resolution was passed by the executive council in a meet ing here Sunday Dr John S Mc Vitty Council Bluffs Iowa com mander of the VFW said The council appointed Frank Miles of Des Moines democratic candidate for governor in the election last November director and editor of all Iowa VFW pub lications plosives planted outside the sta Palestines main sea port throughout sent glass splint ers flying for as much as a mile disrupted traffic and the tele phone system and started fires that raged for a half hour in the nextdoor postoffice and other nearby buildings The government said that the 6story headquarters at the foot of Mount Carmel and about 100 yards from the harbor entrance in i JewishArab neighborhood was Virtually leveled Officials reported that 3 men one in police garb and the others n raincoats drove the bombcar jabelled Police up to the build ing and fled into a tangle of Streets and alleys Guards fired after them and noting a blazing fuse in the automobile gave an alarm to clear the station About 15 policemen got out be fore the blast 3 minutes later Debris blocked the waterfront parkway and glass littered streets for blocks Immediately guards on public buildings were doubled Bren gun carriers took strategic posts and roadblocks established by the British first infantry cut off the neighborhood of the explosion At 11 p m the curfew was imposed An hour after the blast the secret radio of Irgun Zvai Ceumi Jewish underground group broad cast a denial of rumors current all week that the underground was withholding violence to await the outcome of negotiations for an independent Jewish state in Palestine A veteran British officer said it looks like the Stern boys are at work again The socalled Stern gang is an offshoot of Irgun Zvai Leumi state Betty Sloltc 17 senior in Tipton high school was killed and 15 other students were hurt when the Xiplon school bus was involved in a collision near Tipton Monday morning Sheriff Pete Willey said the bus had stopped to pick up students when a semitrailer driven by Richard Knee of Peoria 111 skidded and drew up alongside the bus Another semitruck operated by William Eacret also of Peoria rounded a turn and crashed into the rear ot the school bus which was operated by Lars Larson Wil ley said Poor visibility and slippery roads made it impossible for the trucks to stop in time Willey re ported R M Starlzer 34 of DCS Moines was killed Monday in a collision involving his car and 2 semitrailer trucks on Highway 64 southwest of the Rhodes cor ner near Marshalltown One truck was from Marshall town and the other from Des Moines the stale highway patrol reported Neither truck driver injuredij the patrol said Startzer an employe of Phillips Petroleum Corp was transferred to Waterloo Unable to find hous ing in Waterloo Starlzer had been driving to Des Moines on week ends to be with his family He leaves his widow Mrs Irene Starlzer and a son 8 The accident occurred when Starlzer tried to pass a Gamble truck driven by Lloyd Edens Marshalltown As he was about to clear the truck he saw another truck driven by Frederick Ander son Des Moines approaching from the opposite direction He appar ently became confused applied the brakes and skidded on the slushy pavement While Startzers car was out of control the Gamble truck struck him in the rear hurling him into the truck operated by Anderson The Startzer car was hurled down a 15foot embankment to the east of the highway Startzer was thrown clear and lived only a few minutes The Gamble truck went into the ditch on the west side of the highway and the Anderson truck lodged against a tree half way down the embankment Nei ther truck driver was injured Fog settled over central Iowa Monday with skies overcast and visibility from 100 to 300 feet ac cording to reports by the Iowa State Safety patrol Highways were reported wet and slippery in spots slowing traffic Temperatures ranged from 30 to 36 degrees in the northern area and ice was broken from Mason City to Waverly From Cedar Falls south and east the highways were wet and slushy From Cedar Falls east the hills and curves were sanded Ice and snow were reported in the northwest and it was slippery around the Denison area In the southern part of the stale temper atures rangedfrom 36 to 40 de 6 Survivors of Antarctic Plane Crash Had No Doubt Rescue Would Come Aboard TJ S S ML Olympus six survivors of the wrecked Byrd expedition seaplane told Monday how they slowly emerged from the shock of their plane crash in the white hell of Ant arctica withslood terrific hard ships and tenderly buried their 3 dead comrades in graves of snow William G H Warr an aviation machinists mate of Reading Pa and Radioman James Haskins Robbins of San Diego Cal were called mainstays in helping pull the survivors through Others said Capt Henry H Caldwell commander of the sea plane tender from whicffthe pho tographic flight began seemed made of iron and kept the mens courage up until rescue came nearly 2 weeks after the explosion and crash When Caldwell went aboard his tender the Pine Island Sunday and shook hands with Capt George Dufek the task group com mander his first words to Dufek ere There wasnt the slightest doubt youd get us It was on the 7th day of their long vigil that they buried the 3 dead under the southern edge of their crashed planes wing with an American flag flying Caldwell conducted burial services There was no word yet as to whether will be made to recover the bodies from the graves on a snowcapped hill All the survivors said the first 3 days were Ihe toughest None ate for the first day and a half They were dazed by the crash and sulfcring varying degrees of shock But then they began digging into the snow and in the wreckage of the plane for food and other supplies and set up a camp The mens own fire drew the discovery plane to them Chief Photographers Mate Owen Mc Carty of Sonoma Cal first sighted Ihe plane and lighted a fire of paper cartons and para chute fragments soaked in gaso line Black smoke rising 300 feet attracted the rescue plane This is the story told by the survivors When the plane exploded after bounding off an icy crest Ens Maxwell A Lopez of Newport R I anrl Aviation Radioman Wendell K Henderson were killed at thefr stations Caldwell in the nose was thrown clear as were Robbins and Warr McCarty in the rear of the plane was knocked partly uncon scious but recovered and dragged himself from the burning wreck age The pilot Lt ig Ralph Paul LeBlanc of Martinsville La was strapped in his seat and uncon scious while flames licked through the cockpit Robbins Warr and the copilot Lt jg William H Kearns Jr of Boston raced up and pulled him clear Then came nearly 2 days of living in numbed shock while snowstorms whistled around the wreckage lost in the vast unex plored continent During thai period the men lived in the rear section of the fuselage and made no attempt to leave their sleeping bags until the 3rd day For the first 5 days the men did little but rest and sleep and searched for anything still use able lying about They ate canned emergency rations On the 7th day they buried their comrades They did not find any medical supplies until the 7th day when they located some sulfadiazine tablels and sulfa crystals in the wreckage LeBlanc was given tablets daily while McCarty and Warr used the crystals for lacer ations The men reported they suffered very little loss of blood grees highways were wet and slippery and fog covered most of the area Visibility around Musca line was from 300 to 500 feet Airline travel throughout the stale was cancelled during the night due to Ihe fog Fog and icing conditions grounded air lines at Chicago and Detroit during early morning hours Monday Other unusual weather condi tions brought heavy snow to Du luth and northern Minnesota 4 inches falling between midnight and 6 a m and subzero temper atures to New England A new cold siege was in the making for the northern plains and Rocky Mountain states and a storm area moved northeastward from Colorado bringing a prospect of additional intermittent snow and rain for the central and east ern states Resume China Air Service Shanghai passen ger service was resumed Monday by the China National Aviation corporation and the Central Air Transport corporation after a 7 day grounding order following 4 crashes that killed 113 ;