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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, January 13, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 13, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL II Associated fms and Uoltcd Full Iniii THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS m Copy MASON CITlf IOWA SATURDAY JANUARY W IMS REDS LASH AHEAD Yanks Open General Assault Against North Side of Bulge CONTINUE WITH DRIVES TO CUT IN ON GERMANS RAF Pilots Report Nazi Troops Fleeing East Inside Salient Paris Sfirst army in fantry and tanks opeheiiya gen eral assault Saturday against the northern side of the shrinking German bulge into Belgium and scored substantial initial gains along a 30 mile front North of Houffalize heart of the German salient first army soldiers were reported earlier to have advanced more than a mile lighting to within 11 miles of 3rd army troops beating up south of that stronghold The first army men were within 6 miles of the town on the north menacing the GermansJ last escape road Divisions of the American first and 3rd and British 2nd armies meanwhile were rolling the Ger mans eastward from the sur rendered tip of the corridor thrust into Belgium The first armys offensive jumped off before dawn The 30th infantry division struck first be tween Stavelot and Maimedy ad vancing 150 yards before meeting resistance Along the tenter the 3rd ar mored iand 83rd infantry divisions thehigh way from Houffalize Farther west the 2nd armored and 84th infantry fought through snowcrusted woods in the sector between LaRoche and Fraiture AP Correspondent Roger D Greene declared tbat remnants of the German army were pulling back Saturday night at top speed and said RAF pilots reported heavy movements of German transports fleeing east as far in side the salient as St Vith At the western tip of the once deep German bulge main forces of the British 2nd and American 3rd armies were reported only 3 miles apart in the area near Champion British troops had gained 4 miles across the LaRoche Champlon road and 3rd army men in a night advance gained 2 miles in this rollback of Germans Ousted from 100 square miles at the tip of the bloody salient Field Marshal Karl von Rundstedt al ready had fallen back to within 2 to 3 miles of the Ourthe river The new blows menaced any German hopes of holding a line through Houlfalize east the river By unofficial estimate von Rundstedt had lost the equivalent of 20 200000 his breakthrough drive but he had rescued the bulk of his farreaching armor in strength still constituting a striking threat The tip of von Rundstedts drive had been bent back 23 to 25 miles from its nearest approach to the Meuse river and American and British armies had rewon 60 per cent of Germanoverrun territory Soldiers of the first army shoved 2000 yards through forest lands south of Langlir 7 miles above Honffalize reaching to within 3 miles of the allimportant Houffa lizeSt Vith highway Germans fought back violently Without Houffalize the Ger mans probably would have to pull back all the way to SL Vilh on the north and Vianden an the south retreating again into the Siegfried outer defense zone The Alsace plain with Stras bourg as its chief prize was a po tential toehold for such an offen stiffened FrenchAmer ican defense there was holding the latest nazi assaults to a virtual standstill German rearguard resistance folded quickly in the collapse of the western end of the Belgian pocket as von Rundstedt aband oned a sector from 7 to 10 miles long and nearly 10 miles wide First army troops pushed three miles below LaHoche at the north west tip of the salient and the British second army in a 4mile advance joined hands with the 3rd army men near St Hubert on the southwest corner St Hubert was captured without a fight Along the southern end of the front U S 7th army troops were forced from Oeting 5 miles south west of Saarbrucken But farther cast in the Bitche salient the the Americans were doing most of the advancing now and occupied n 6 miles below Bitche Yanks Widen Beachhead to 26 Miles Genera MacArthurs Head quarters Luzon army forces have driven 6 miles into the enemys fortified flank on the eastern shore of Lingayen gult under supporting fire of Ameri can warships widening the Amer ican beachhead to at least 26 miles a front dispatch disclosed Saturday The thrust from San Fabian former northeastern anchor of the beachhead carried to the coastal town of Rabon miles south west of Rosarjo airfield 18 miles from Baguio and 29 miles south of San Fernando the latter the center of a strong Japanese con centration Fortysix Japanese freighters and coastal vessels attempting to land reinforcements and supplies at San Fernando Thursday were intercepted by American naval units Gen Douglas MacArthurs communique reported and when the smoke of furious shellfire cleared all 46 had been sunk or damaged heavily Radio Tokyo said 2 American convoys already have landed troops and supplies on the Lin gayen gulf and a 3rd of more than 100 transports 100odd land ing craft and 10 escorting aircraft carriers had arrived in the gulf Tokyo also speculated that other American landings were impend ing at Batan gas southwest of Ma nila and Lamon Bay southeast of the At the centerof the beachhead American forces advanced in strength through Malasiqui 12 miles inland to within 6 miles of the Acno river line on the main highway from the Lingayen gulf to Manila American reconnais sance patrols already have stabbed across the Agno river along which the Japanese may attempt their first stand 90 miles north of Manila Japanese resistance continued feeble at the center of the beach head but sharp fighting was rag ing along the eastern perimeter roughly midway betxveen Mala siqui and Rabon Fairly strong enemy forces were encountered along the ManaoagPozoirubio road 8 miles inland from San Fa bian and in the hills to the north Increasing enemy contacts in dicatethat our forward units are entering the zone of enemy con centration MacArthurs com munique said On the western flank of the beachhead other American col umns brushed back small enemy groups near Umanday 6 miles be low Lingayen Gulf and pushed on to the south in a drive that holds a potential threat of outflanking the Agno river line Umanday is west of the Agno which turns sharply east some 20 miles in land The main advance through lasiqui brought 13 miles of the Lingayen Gulf Manila narrow gnage railway under American control San Carlos 4 miles north west of Malasiqui and 10 miles southeast of Lingayen also was captured American naval units closed in rapidly on San Fernando Thurs day after aerial reconnaissance reported the duster of 46 small enemy freighters and coastal ves sels attempting to unload After blasting the ships into flaming wreckage the warships turned their guns on San Fernan do itself and blew up 3 large am munition dumps which inflicted further destruction The warships retired without loss It was like shooting sitting ducks an officer who witnessed the attack said It was the damnedest scene of just plain de struction I ever saw We caught them unguarded and really gave them hell Medium attack and fighter planes raked enemy reinforce ment columns and communica tions ceaselessly from Balete Fass east of Lingayen to Bicol penin sula south of Manila hampering Japanese efforts to move the mass of their troops north to stem the threat to Manila More than 200 vehicles 5 tanks 40 freight cars and numerous lo comotives were destroyed Stra tegic defiles were blocked deny ing them to the enemy Bombers also attacked Grace Park airdrome near Manila and Calatatan airdrome west of Ba tangas cratering runways and destroying a number of parked planes Two American planes Were lost in all raids HIT INDOCHINA BASES VESSELS AND AIRFIELDS Possibly 12 Transports Sunk in First Attack on Jap Supply Lines Pearl Harbor CUR Carrier planes of the 3rd fleet struck pow erful new blows along a 250mile stretch of the French IndoChina coast Saturday after wrecking 38 Japanese ships in the first phase of an assault that apparently has smashed a major enemy attempt to reinforce embattled Luzon Carrying the attack into its 2nd day hundreds of divebombers torpedo planes and fighters ham mered at shipping airdromes and other enemy installations from Saigon in the south to Quinhon in the north A Pacific fleet communique disclosed that 25 ships including 6 and possibly 12 transports a 5800ton Katori class light crui ser and several destroyers or de stroyer escorts were sunk arid 13 other vessels damaged heavily in the initial attacks Friday Indo China Thirtynine Japa nese planes also were destroyed At last reports our service forces have suffered no damage and were continuing their at tacks Admiral Chester W Nim itz announced At were hit in Fridays strikes T and it was theorized that some If not all had embarked on an attempt to move additional troops and supplies to Luzon about 1000 miles to the east Early advices gave no clue whether the convoys had been wiped out completely but it ap peared certain they had been forced to disperse Such ships as might have escaped may be over hauled yet and blasted to the bottom The Japanese Domei agency in its first comment on the at tacks saii approximately 90 car rierbased planes raided the CochinChina sector centering around Saigon for 9V4 hours Fri day 20 of the planes being shot down by antiaircraft bat teries Though no major Japanese fleet units were engaged in the early phase of the attack the possibility remained that the enemy might send naval forces into action to counter Admiral William F Hal seys thrust across he South China sea which in effect has cut the Japanese empire in two The toll of shipping off Indo China brought to 286 the number of Japanese vessels sunk or dam aged by the 3rd fleet since Jan 2 in its forays from the Ryukyus just south of Japan to Saigon The overall total included an addi tional 110 ships revealed by Nimitz Friday night to have been sunk or damaged last Tuesday around Formosa That brought the toll in the Formosa raid to 33 ships sunk including 2 destroyers or destroy er escorts and 104 vessels dam aged including a destroyer and 5 destroyer escorts Thirtyseven enemy planes were destroyed and El damaged Nimitz also announced con clusive evidence had been ob tained that the 45OUOton Japa nese battleship Musashi blew up and sank as result of damage in flicted on her by earner planes in the 2nd battle of the Philippines last Oct 24 The Musashi and her sistership the Yamato damaged by bombs in the same action were the 2 most powerful battle ships in the Japanese navy In the opening attacks on the IndoChina coast numerous fires were kindled in the vicinity of Saigon the colonys first seaport and a former French naval base Especially large fires were ob served at the Thanh Son Nhut air base north of Saigon and at Port Nhabe Six transports were sunk at Sai gon and at least 6 ships persum ably transports were sent to the bottom of Quinhon harbor 250 miles northeast of Saigon Secretary to PR to Visit Soon in Paris Paris Secre tary Stephen Early due here next morith may make arrangements for a visit to France by President Supreme headquarters an Roosevelt nounced that Early would visit Europe and consult with public relations officials at headquarters There was no white house comment on the report which might be interpreted as meaning that President Roosevelt would visit France enroute to or from his forthcoming meeting with Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Marshal Stalin The An kara radio predicted Friday that the meeting would take place at Teheran The war department in Wash ington issued this statement The war department confirmed the fact that the services of Mr Stephen T Early had been quested by Brig Gen Frank A Allen chief of the public rela tions division of supreme head quarteis allied expeditionary forces and that the request had been approved by the president for a period of several weeks be ginning in February Mr Early will serve in an advisory capacity on general public relations mat ters while at SHAEF Reports that Earlys mission was connected with the expected c o n ference were discounted by war department officials It was said that Gen Allen hd Early to come to lihe to promote maximum efficiency in the press relations machinery there J 1400 PLANES POUND BRIDGES Would Seal Off Nazis Before Rhine London 1400 Amer ican warplanes from bases in Brit ain pounded 7 vital rail bridges spanning the Rhine along a 100 mile stretch from Bingen to Karls ruhe Saturday They were contin uing an aerial offensive aimed at turning the river into a barrier sealing off nazi armies west of it More than 900 Flying Fortresses and Liberators and 400 Mustangs and Thunderbolts attacked the double and single track bridges The targets were at Rudesheim Worms Mannheim Germersheira Karlsruhe and Mainz Freight yards at Bischoffsheim near Mainz and at Kaiserslautern 45 miles southwest also were bombed Nazis Retaliate for Actions in France Against Collaborationists London reported Saturday that 5 Frenchmen in Ger man hands had been sentenced to death by regular court procedure because of the persecution of so called collaborationists in France The executions by the Germans in direct reprisal for the action against pronazi elements in France was reported in a broad WHITEHILL RITES HELD Marshallfown Sen ator B C Whitehall RMarshall town was buried Friday at State Center his former home after services here attended by Gov Robert D Blue and other state of ficials Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and continued mild temperatures Saturday night and Sunday Lowest Saturday night about 20 Iowa Cloudy north and east and fair southwest Saturday night and Sunday Light snow north east Saturday afternoon and east portion early Saturday night Minnesota Mostly cloudy Satur day night and Sunday with light snow north Saturday night and north central Sunday no decided change in temperature moderately strong winds Satur day afternoon diminishing Sat urday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 25 Minimum Friday night 21 At 8 a m Saturday 22 Snow Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 17 Minimum Minus 2 NO S3 GENERALRadiophoto from Sweden calling at irshouAHnleader andremarking on his strangely twisted aim shows Adolf Hitler as he bestows golden oak leaves for the knight cross with R L James School Board 2 FLEE COUNCIL Secretary for 35 Years Dies In Poor Health for Several Years Rites to Be Announced secretary at the Gity board of education for nearly 35 years died Saturday morning at oclock at a local hospital He had been in ill health for the past several years andsince September had been inactive as board secre tary Funeral arrangements had not been completed Saturday noon The body was taken to the Major funeral home Mr James was born in Sheffield Nov 18 1886 the son of Mr and Mrs J t James He attended high school at Thornton and Hampton being graduated from the Thorn ton school in 1904 He taught rural school for 3 terms working durins he summers on his fathers farm near Thornton In 1908 determined on a busi ness career and yet interested in the field of education he came to Mason City and enrolled in the Hamilton School of Commerce Upon completion ofhis course he was employed as bookkeeper for the Page Lumber company With the resignation in 1910 of W P Fitch from the position of secretary of the school board Mr James was elected to that post He also served as assistant to the su perintendent During his early years as board secretary Mr James also was truant officer Expansion of the public school system in the city soon made necessary a fulltime assistant to the superintendent and a fulltime board secretary From then on Mr James was able to devote all of his time to administering the business of the school board TheJames family of Thornton has long been active in North Towa educational circles and at one time several years ago Mr James father was president of the Thornton school board a brother was secretary of the same board a sister was secretary to the school board of the rural district in which she lived and another sister was teaching During Mr James career as it L JAMES PLUNGES FROM NINTH STORY Man Had Just Been Freed of Murder Los Angeles than 24 hours after he was freed of a mur der charge Lee Borden Judson 67 died in a nine story plunge down the light well of a down town office building Friday Judson was the husband of Louise Pete Judson 63 who was unsuccessful in obtaining a sim ilar release from a murder charge in connection with the death of Mrs Margaret Rose Logan 60 A murder charge against Judson the Logan slaving was dis missed at a preliminary hearing Thursday because of lack of evi dence but Mrs Judson was or dered held for trial The body ofMrs Logan a real estate agent who employed Mrs BLUFFS JAIL Had Been Held on Car Theft Charges Council Bluffs Cook ahdJohnGiles who were being heldinvthe cityJailhere pending their trialin connection with an automobile theft escaped about 4 a m Saturday Police Capt Joe Rauterkus said The two men who were appre hended at Oakland Iowa in No vember after they had escaped from the Nebraska state peniten tiary were indicted by a Potta wattamie county grand jury last Dec 12 in connection with the theft of a car at Fremont Nebr They had been transferred to the city jail for safe keeping Rauterkus said the 2 men appar ently made a key to the cell out of a tooth brush came down from the third floor of the building to the ground floor and escaped through a wash room window He said they then took a car from the police garage and disappeared The a blue Buick sedan he car was added DRIVE CONFIRM NAZI REPORT OF NEW WINTER PUSH Reds Advance 25 Miles in Two Day Push on Eastern Front London If Marsha Stalin announced Saturday a red army offensive west of Baranow had advanced 25 miles in 2 days on a 2amile front Stalins earlier Berlin reports of a ereat new soviet onslaught from the Vistula bridgehead in Marshal Ivaii S Sonevs first Ukrainian army broke through heavily fortified euemy defenses with an assault launched Friday Previously the Germans said the Russians had launched a gi gantic winter offensive with 3 mighty attacks in Poland East Prussiaand northern Hungary The advance apparently direct ly threatens Germanheld Kielce a rail junction 93 miles southwest of Warsaw which Jinks the War saw and Krakow fronts Among the towns captured were Chmiel nik 18 miles southeast of Kielce and Bush 11 miles south ol Chmielnik Stalins order of the day broad cast from Moscow said the Rus sians captured more than 350 towns and Tillages In the Z days Stalin said the offensive was launched in weather which did not permit the use of the ved air force The order paid tribute to the decisive role played by sov iet artillery He ordered a victory salute In Moscow of 20 salvos irom 224 guns The Berlin radio Fridaysaid a huge Russian winter offensive the biggest oi all pen etrated Genn anlinesona broad front west of the in southern Poland DNB also announced Saturday that the soviet forces lashed out In a thnd sector the Hun gananSlovakian border between Lucenec and Kassa Kosice with a force estimated at 7 or 8 divi sions A report from Berlin to Stock holm said the Russians were at tacking in Poland with 500 guns 2 air fleets several tank armies and innumerable infantry divisions in tlie greatest offensive yet launched amid extremely vio lent fighting When fighting subsided in this area last August thLRussians held positions only 20 miles southeast of Kielce rafltown connecting Germanheld Warsaw with Kra kow Kielce and Krakow appear to be the immediate objectives of the fresh assault at the threshold of German The soviet high command an nounced Friday night that inside devastated Budapest the Russians continued systematic liquidation of German and Hungarian die hards A midnight war bulletin said Hungarian patriots had risen and were firing on the Germans from cellars and rooftops here Last fall when w schedules were being cut back the company obtained a war produc tion board produce a spot authorization limited quantity to shops and assembly departments caLciit tigejiu wiio employed Mrs Judson as her housekeeper was re ooled not for washers found by police Dec 20 in a shal ut or the Production found by police Dec 20 in a shal low grave in the backyard of the Jfrs and othcr new war T QUCcS During Mr James career as Logan residence Mrs Logan had iif y latest soviet account the red board of education secretary here i been blugeoned and there was a The Company announced previ army was crashing through the he saw Mason City schools in bullet wound in the neck jously this week receipt of a new outskirts of Komarom key Danube crease in enrollment size and Mrs Judson is still on parole w conra Produce several communications hub fm i minion nonary worth of bomb I crease in enrollment size and equipment The 3375000 high school building was erected dur ing his 34 years in office the jun ior college was founded the Mrs Judson is still on parole i after serving 18 years in prison on The pair were scheduled to go on trial at Avoca Jan 16 Bomb Parts Not Washers Will Be Made at Maytag Plant Newton will be bomb parts not washing machine parts iw lhat will roll off the assembly talTatmfrom the nazisTcS ding lines at the Maytag company plant to Moscow whicn Thousands of civilians arc ner production jshing the rains Another 135 city blocks fell to the soviet shock troops Friday The Germans now hold only about of onefifth of the flaming capital component parts for Maytag Meanwhile northwest of the washers There were predictions stricken capital other Russian that washing machines might be troops again repulsed desperate available early this year All this has now changed E German efforts to break the arc of soviet armor around the city and Uuevv iiuviei aiiuur around city and Fred Maytag II president of the relieve the nazi force company here said Our machine A Berlin broadcast by Col stlOFI finrt aqspmKlv c i T Ernst von Hammer said the Rus sian drive north of ttie Danube to ward Bratislava and Vienna can be regarded as definitely stopped By latest soviet account the red army was crashing through the her conviction of murdering Jacob Denton wealthy Los An ges oil and mining man in 1920 She and Judson a bank mes teaching staff increased from 64 uuuaun a uaim me to 1910 to approximately 200 in senger were married last May 1945 student enrollment jumped i from 2607 in 1910 to 4700 in T 19f John Nei Rites to Surviving are Mrs James who was Miss Gail Elder before her marriage in 1912 and 3 sons Maj N E James stationed in England Tom 1138 1st N W and John seaman 1st class U S N R sta tioned at Corpus Christi Tex Four brothers Paul and Richard E James of Thornton Wesley of Mitchellviile and David of Joplin Mont and 2 sisters Mrs Clarence Ulum of Swaledale and Mrs Bud Paulin of Kingsley also survive Mrs Robert Pepper another sister preceded him in death Mr James was a member of the Methodist church and a past sec retary of the Iowa Association of Be Conducted Monday FunerI services for John Neil who died at Crane Lake Minn on Thursday will be held at the Major Memorial chapel in Mason City Monday afternoon at 2 oclock Doctor Marvin B Kober of the First Methodist church will officiate and the local Odd Fel lows lodge also will take part Mr Neil was born in Mason City and attended the public schools He was for a time identified with his uncle the late George Gabler in the building supply business and also farmed and conducted a parts for the ordnance departi ment The recent setbacks on the west ern front pat washing machine production on the shelf for many months Maytag asserted As long as Maytag facilities are needed for war production washing machines will wait he declared When our fighting men ask for more ammunition we dont want to have to tell them there isnt enough because the folks back home are too busy building washers nd and ing to Minnesota Nazis Use Rocket Guns Against Yanks With the U S 3rd Army The Germans are using long range rockettype artillery against 3rd army areas The projectiles are falling irregularly While details were not officially disclosed it may be the same type of weapon j used against the first and Oth armies in midDecember Japs Say Earthquake Causes Slight Damage By The Associated Frcss A slight earthquake struck the central area of Honshu main Japanese home island Saturday the Japanese Domei Agency re ported in a broadcast The dispatch recorded by the federal communications commis sion said a little damage to a small number of houses had been caused but declared transporta tion facilities sustained no dam age whatever The Weston Mass college seismograph recorded a severe earthquake lasting about 3 hours in the direction of Japan the Rev Daniel J Linchan college seis mogist said Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ;