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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 13, 1944, Mason City, Iowa SAVE AM I Am Ammunition For War Wort or Throw Me Away DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY ANtX ARCHIVES Q C rt w VQV L HOME EDITION Preu Full Leucd Wjni Five Cents a Copyt 4 MORE FLEE Tnui of Stolen Cars Trace Journey of Fugitives to Tama trusties es capeo from the state mens re rformatory here Wednesday night I just 12days after the escape of A convicts andGoverhor B B Hickenlooper immediately If ordered a new investigation The trusties are Billy LeoMc 23 Kansas CityHarvey Spooner 21 Storm Lake Iowa fijNorroan Faught 21 Toledo Iowa 1i and Tony Brodinski 23 Chicago JK A trail of stolen care traced the journey to Tama 54 mites southwest of The es jieajees walked away from No 3 Fj Priwn farm 3 miles north or the reformatory It A preliminary check of cir euiastahces surrounding the es IIcape showed the quartets ab ksence was not noted untilabout that the alarm was TjJnot sent out overlhe state police ffradio until about M In the previous break the cori Riyicts kidnaped 2 prisonofficials rwhowere released soon after the jvescape The convicts were cap titurea at Davenport after 31 hours I Hickenlooper said he had asked IlChJet R w Nebergall of the state I of to take Personnel aahe deemed ne I tcessary to Anamosa and to make thorough complete arid im partial inveytication governor said that Warden jFoss Davis had telephoned him IfThuttday morning arid asked such an investigation Earlier this week 3 guards were dismissed and 2 otheis were demoted as a of the investigation pi the Jan l escape 1 Davis personally wanted it determinea whether he was at fault or free from fault and if he vas not at fault he would like to good of the L He MM the investigators would nave access tp any other siate agencies or facilities to do a thorough job They are to inves tigate whetherthere are any I irregularities Upsations or mte management McCJaskey was sentenced from Crawford county to 10 years lor forgery and was received at the 14 1343 Spoon was sentenced from Buena Vista county to 5 years for as sault to rape and was received 11 June 16 1943 Faughtwas received Sept 24 t1841 from Tama county where lihe was sentenced to 10 years for forgery Brodinski was received iiDec 30 1939 from Johnson coun jty where he was sentenced to 10 for robbery i Sanford Grassfield farmer of Anamosa reported was l sitting in his car in front of the Clyde Smith home at Anamosa about midnight when 2 men one of whom carried a opened the door of the car and an nounced you for a ride Grassfield said he kicked one liofthe intrudersdown and slipped Iput ofthe caron the other side lilto go for helpSeizing a broom I from the porch of the Smith home llGrassfield ran aften his assailants II out they escaped in his car in the the railroad round rj house IK Grassfield said he met Bill Fischer Anamosa night pplice and together they started a searchThey foiind the Grassfield I car near the roundhouse where the engine had stalled While Grassfield and Fischer continued their search Fischer re teelved an alarm signal from the jcftyhaH and upon going there was notified that a car belonging 5PC H Myers a farmer and driven by son Preston a high school student had been stolen from in front of a billiard j parlor x v Chief of Police Fred Van DC I Walle of Tama reported finding the Myers carabandoned with its gas tank empty on a Tama street i about a m Thursday A Dale Hardon was re ported missingat the same time from the Hardon home a block away The prison farm from which the trustees escaped is one of several operated by the institution The I men are housed during the night MASON ClTt THUKSDAY JANUARY 11 1944 casualties south invasion are moved back from the front by trucks McFailin assistant state attor ney general and any other per sons Nebergall feels are necessary the governor said G u a rd Newhard who is not required tostay awake at night notified the reformatory of the break at a m presumably immediately alter learning about it In Des Moines the board of control said it was notified Warden Davis office at 9 am Officials of the board said they assumed Davis had informed the statepolice radio of the break as was the custom Ass result of the misunderstanding the did not get to the police radio un til am Davis said the reason he did not notify the police radio imme diately upon learning of the es cape was that he was trying first togetcomplete descriptions and other data on the men Be uid lie did not know what time the controJ aoiifTed by cause j Tama SvitK information that an autpniobile had been stol en there Aftergetting the call Davis said he realized the theft probably vas by the escapees Guards at the reformatory said ihey had attended aregular meet ing conducted by institution offi cials Thursday night and hinted ihat the meeting usually referred to by the guards as a meet ing was more extensive than usual Yanks 3 Miles From Cassino Broadened Offensive By WES GALLAGHER ti Headquarters Algiers theentiie A broadened mountains threaten Cassino from a 3rdside American infantry swept to within 3 miles of Cassino in a frontal attack with the capture of Cervaro Wednesday after almost surrounding the village head quarters announced The Germans already had announced its loss In the first day of the French offensive in the mountains of cen tral Italy Gen Alphonse Joins troops advanced of a mile southwest of Koccheta 12 miles northeast or Cervaro They captured a 300 0foot peak overlooking vtheroa most Hue T fe neatts pre viousjy Mbllirio over looking Acqiiafondala 7 miles northeast of Cassino and Mt ftai mo iii the same area to the north of Viticusb The allies thus held mountains overlooking Viticusp from 2 sides The surpriseFrench advance caught a number of German pris oners Jiuns troops fighting in some of the roughest country in purope where virtually all supplies must be hauled by mule and hand from one peak to another were threat ening the CassinoAtina road one of the 2 valley highways leading north from Cassino On the 8th armyfront there were only patrol activity heavy artillery fire and In a regular house with aguard there along Guard Gene Newhard was with the men Wednesday night Usual ly there are about 16 trusties kept at the farm but Wednesday night there were 12 Tlwy iast walked sornt ttwe Airinc the MeCreery of the stele of contrtl MM In Des Mohws Their discovered Thursday at roll can Earl Raver secretary To War Ben Davis said the warden was notified ot the escape about 10 a m Chief Niebcrgal will head the investigation of the institution and wilt be assisted by William F I BoncLQuotas Throughout County Set Cerro Gordo countys quota inthe 4th war loandrive starting Tuesday has been broken down into for Mason City for the farmers in he 16 townships for Jear Lake and lesser amounts for the towns the county war fi nance committee announced Thursday Quotas for the towns were an weather allowed compara tvely few air sorties Wednesday but fighterbombers in a sweep over to the Dalmatian coast shot down 2 Messerschmitt 109s out of Announcement of more details of the sky battle over Sofia on Jan 10 between American flying fortresses and their38 escort on one side and60 German fighters on the other disclosed that the Americans had won a crushinr victory a cost of 2 of their own planes the Americans shot down total of 28 of the enemy STILLMAN 70 FINANCIER DIES Had Been Involved m Sensational Divorce ThU Paper Consist ot Two SectionsStcti NO M 100 Billion Dollar Budget Provides for at Least 18 Months More of War PET TROOPS OVER WORST OF PRIPET MARSH Threaten Strongholds of Nazis at Rovno Pinsk and Kovel Moscow Nikolai Va tutins highly mobile 1st Ukrain ian army expanding its front 01 the Sarny sector in old Poland to a width of 50 miles or iriore struck out in several sweeping movements Thursdayto threater the Germanheld strongholds o Rovno Pinsk and Kovel The strong armored and infan try force of Vatutins right wing which captured Dombrovitsa 21 miles uorth of Sarny on hi Rovno Sarny Baranowicze rail way fought its way through frozen marshland country to within 30 miles southeast of Pinsk important center on the Gomel BrestLilovsk railway It already had passed the wors of the Piipet marshes and alreadi advance units were approaching the high rolling the swamps While this force was smashing its way to the northwest a new offensive launched Tuesday to the north ofthe marshes by Gen Konstantin Rokossovskys White Russian army was approaching the city of Mozyr CO miles south west of Gomel along a 20 mill wide front Dispatches said that Germai troops in front of Rokossovsky Xew York A StillI were falling back io mah 70v former board chairman wards Pinsk and a 2nd threat to of the National City aankr of New Yorkand Thursday pitalafte torof the bank his deafhJOn active asadirec he brated his 40th ahnivjfrsafy bnihe board His tenure as director was the longest on record of any mem ber of the board of National Gity Stillman retired as president of the bank in 1921 as he and his wife Anne Urquhart Potter en tered into 10 years of sensational divorce litigation Stillman married his wife 20 years before charged her with infidelity a charge which she de nied when she piade a counter accusation of Improper relations on his part with Florence Leeds former chorus girl and of being the father of he latters child A referee held Stillman guilty of adultery and cleared his wife all charges Subsequently she married Fowler McCormick grandson John D Rockefeller1 and 18 years her junior nounced as follows Rockwell Thornton Plymouth Ventura Dougherty 525000 25000 20000 20000 12000 Meservey 10 000 Swaledale 5000 Rock Falls 3000 The quota of in E bonds was emphasized again by the committee which pointed out that the small bonds alone are al most 45 per centpf the countys quota This is in line with the quotas on the state and national level Retail stores in the county are Planning to take a particularly active part in the 4th war loan drive with every clerk in every store capable of selling bonds and delivering them immediately according to present plans Reveal IJ S Destroyer Brownson Has Been Lost Washington navy re vealed Thursday that the destroy er Brownson was lost in action off New Britain during the landing of American forces on Cape Glouces ter The loss of a destroyer in this action put not its identification was announced on Dec 27 The navy said Thursday that there were208 survivors 12 encountered In Italy American Mitchell attacked enemy targets near Arce ahead of the 5tharmy and fighter bombers attacked the enemyin the Orsogna area RAF also bombed Paleria 25 miles southwest of Chicti CRUISER IS LAUNCHED Newport News Va U S S Duluth 6th great cruiser to be launched at the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock company plant since war began slid down the ways Thursday aftcr being christened by Mrs Edward H Hatch wife of the mayor of Duluth Minn IOWAN TELLS OF MAKING ESCAPE DCS Moines Sgt Lc land Gorshe Moines dis closed Thursday that he and 1 500 other British and American pris oners in a prison camp in Italy escaped last September when the Italians save them permis sion to flee as German forces ap proached Gorshe in company with Sgt CharlesKing of Cherokee and Pfc Charles Dittman of Audu bon wandered for 3 months through the Italian hills before reaching allied lines After the surrender of Italy Gorshe related theItalians told us our troops wouldxbe therein 2 days to get us but they didnt come By that time an armored German column was just 2 miles from camp and we didnt want the Germans to get us We told the Italians either to let us go or we were they let us go Gorshe was taken prisoner at Bizerte in north Africa on Dec 1 1942 while serving with a British commando outfit He is home on a 20 day furlough Gorshe said King also are home and Dittman develop mg Pmsk is 140 miles west o Mozyr at the confluence of the and Pimr rivers alon JAMES A STILLMAN in New York Stimson Makes Report on U S Casualties Washington of War Henry L Stimson revealed Thursday that UV S army casual ties through Dec 23 totaled 105 killed 38916 wounded 24067 missing and 25415 prison ers of war Casualties among American elements oE the fifth army since its invasion of Italy amounted to killed 11762 wounded and 3559 missing Reveal Mustang Planes Flew Near Berlin London UR new mustang PolB which has been ranging deeper and deeper into Germany since early December penetrated Berlins outer defense circle within 100 miles of the capi tal itself Tuesday it can be re vealed Thursday j ttfe of the Pripe Csiae Sarriy as a pivot Vatniin sent other flying columns soutl and dispatches reported them op crating within 23 miles north o Kovno an advance of approxi mately Z5 miles through marshy terrain to high ground beyond Other units reportedly striking westward from Sarny to ward Kovel an important junc tion on the KievWarsaw railway Rokossovskys drive above the Pripet marshes parallelled a fresl Russian advance along the south ern edge of the vast swamp area where Vatutins first Ukrainian army crossed the Sluch river anc captured the rail junction o Sarny 35 miles inside the olt Polish border and Dombrovitsa 20 miles lo the north Sarny is 270 miles east of Warsaw on th KievWarsaw trunk railway In the southern Ukraine the lett wing of Vatutins forces en countered strong German coun tcattacks east of Vinnitsa but continued to smash through Ger man resistance south of Belaya Tserkov Further east Gen Ivan S Ho neys second Ukrainian army driving for a junction with Va tutins group scored additional successes against the enemy in the Korovograd salient Vinnitsa important center the strategic KicvZhcrinka rail way leading into the OdessaWar saw trunk line is 200 miles south of Mozyr while Kirovofrad where the Germans suffered one of their worst defeats of the pres ent offensive lies 300 miles southeast of the White Russian stronghold Belaya Tserkov midway between the 2 sectors The Russian communique said 5000 Germans 144 nazi tanks the past 21 hours than 80 towns and villages fell to the advancing Rus more than were killed and wrecked in while more sians IS GRANTED DIVORCE San Francisco Rosa Jane Stanley 19 was granted a divorce from her sailorhusband She said he married her so he wouldnt have to live aboard ship when in port Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Fair and warmer Thursday night and Friday Mason City Fair Thursday night and and warmer Friday lowest temperature Thursday night in Mason City 12 Minnesota Partly cloudy warmer Thursday night and south por tion Friday becoming colder north portion by Friday eve ning IN MASON GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednsdy 17 above Minimum Wed night 2 below At 8 a m Thursday 4 above YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 10 Minus 12 Figures in Budget Proposal months hence stacks up with latest estimates for current spending So e a H1 flSures the fiscal years ending June 30 1943 and Ivd9 fin ft tl l AUU 1945 1941 Estimate Estimate War 90000 92000 Interest on debt 3750 2650 Veterans pensions and benefits 1252 865 Refunds taxes and customs 1799 412 All other 2953 3524 Govt corporations expen ditures less receipts 15 175 Total expenditures 99769 99276 Net receipts 40769 41186 Deficit 59000 58090 1943 Actual 75083 1808 600 79 3583 1476 79679 22282 57397 1942 Actual 28266 1260 94 4479 440 34211 12799 21412 Budget Talk Highlights Washington i g h 1 i ghts from President Roosevelts budget message This is a period ending June 30 1945 which I am certain will be crucial in the history of Hie United States and of mankind a period which will sec decisive ac tion inthis global war We must fight and fight hard With pride in overall achievements of American man agement and labor I can say that we are now well equipped with pride in the military leadership ot the allied forces I can say that we are now in a strategic position lo make full use of our equip ment for decisive blows by land by sea and by air We have converted and di verted approximately half of our resources to war purposes In the production of munitions we now almost equal the rest of the world combined For the fiscal year year ending 18 months lienc war expenditures are estimated at 90 billion dollars It this esti mate is based on the assumption that the war will continue throughout the fiscal year 1945 It hostilities end on one major front before they end on other fronts large scale demobilization adjustments will be possible and necessary while we are still fight ing a major war Our objective must be a per manently high level of national income and a correspondingly high standard of The sol dier the worker the businessman and the farmer must have the as surance against economic chaos Both servicemen and nar workers will need active help in fin dine their way back into gain ful and productive peacetime em ployment To master this great task of reemployment we must maintain and strengthen during the demobilization period a uni fied national employment and counseling service The old age and survivors in surance system should be amended to those in the armed forces credit for the period of military service I repeat my recommendation that the present unemployment insurance system be strengthened to provide the necessary protec tion to the millions of workers who may be affected by recon version of industry I also recommend the adoption of a pro gram of federal unemployment allowances for members of the armed forces More and more our prosperity and world prosperity become in terdependent Theyear will be more criti cal on the food front Farm pro duction must be larger than in DRY CRUSADE IS LAUNCHED Claim Weekend Sprees Retard War Output Washington Payday drinjfing and weekend sprees which they said were seriously retarding war production anc slowing up victory were ad vanced by prohibition advocates Thursday as prime reasons foi enactment of a national wartime ban on hard liquor sales The opening of a new prohibi tion crusade before a house judi ciary subcommittee considering legislation by Representative Bry son D S Car to outlaw for the duration beverages containing more than onehalf ot one per cent alcohol by volume drew a to the hearing Barring unfavorable weather conditions I believe this objective can and will be achieved A stable farm price level is Jasic if we are to prevent infla ion I have often declared my lelief that the judicious use of subsidies is necessary if consumer prices are to be kept from rising Stretches to Make iieight Requirement Chicago Isabelle Marks 22 of the WAC did stretching exercises for a week to gain an inch to meet the mini mum WAC height requirement of 5 feet Pvt Marks passed her phys cal examination last week topped he exercises and Thurs day was back at her old height of Icet 11 inches capacity room Dr Elizabeth Smart legislative representative the Womens Christian Temperance Union in troduced the witnesses called here by the national temperance prohibition council The first wasDrWilpur L Dubois Milwaukee chemical en gineer and food chemist who dis cussed the problem of industria absenteeism and blamed much o it on short illnesses He at tributed about 12 per cent all absenteeism to weekend sprees He also referred to excessive drinking at payday and said surveys had disclosed that manj industrial workers spend much ol their payday period in saloons He told the committee that al cohol contains no vitamins atici deprives the body of essential foods Asked by Representative Ccller D N Y if prohibition would keep alcohol from the workers Dubois said he was not qualified to Celler made the assertion that the war manpower commission and the office ot war information opposed the legislation Dr George W Crabbe super intendent of the AntiSaloon League read a prohibition coun cil denunciation ot liquor as a nonessential luxury enter prise having no place in a war program Crabbe recommended that emphasis be placed on tem perance and virtue as civic obli gations in a time ot national peril and that the president use his war powers to bait liquor traffic in industrial areas DIE IN SIOUX CITY AIR CRASH Survivor Pulls 2 Others to Safety From Blaze Sioux City army air men who were killed about P m Wednesday when their bomber crashedand burned at the edge of the Sioux City army air base have been identified it was announced by the base command ing officer The plane was on a routine combat training flight the accident occurred Two other members the crew were injured nnd taken to the base hospital The 7th crewman escaped with m n o r bruises Thrown clear of the wreck he was able to drag his 2 companions to safely before the heat of the fire became too intense to permit additional rescue Names of the 4 men killed in the crash according to the public relations office are Second Lt Lewis G Austin survived by his father Ernie L Austin Fremont Nebr Second Li Thomas C Ker ins survived by his wife Cather ine P Kerins Sioux Sity Sgt Le Roy L Bratton survived by his mother Buhlia Bell Bratten Beau Cal and Sgt Frank T Coleman survived by his mother Martine W Colcman Cherry Chase Md War Bonds and SUmps from row GlobeGazette carrier boy PROVISIONSFOR QUICK VICTORY IMPACT LISTED Groundwork to Return U S to Peace Must Be Laid BUDGET IN A NUTSHELL Estimated expenditures for fiscal year beginning July f including for war Revenue estimated for same Deficit for the 000000000 Expected debt by fiscal year end June 30 000000000 New taxes 500000000 Total war program by fiscal year Washington Roosevelt laid before congress Thursday his Und 5100000000000 wartime budget embodying plans for at least 18 months more ot global conflict but at the same time reflecting preparations to ab sorb the impact of sudden victory in Europe For war activities alone the new budget projects expenditures of 590000000000 in the fiscal year beginning July 1 on the assump tion that the fighting ivill con tinue full tilt at least until mid 1945 We can notrely with safety oa hopes earlier victory in mak ing actual plans Mr Roosevelt saidBut he noted the possibility eitlTill I 7 t e YOUR Share in War and Peace Budget Washington share of this countrys 1945 warandpeace budget is just a fraction of a cent under is more than Uncle Sam fig ured you had in cold cash in your pocket on New Years eve the war continues la make necessary the spending of all that President Roosevelt ouilined Thursday It will send the national debt to by June 30 19i5 and your share of that will be a cool 5187759 These per capita figures are based on a population of 137410 000 used by the treasury this week in computing the SI4874 a person estimate on money in cir culation This fiscal years spending esti mated at is a capita rate of S72249 sucli a development would mean that much of the money he now requests would not have to be spent In order to be prepared for vic tory whenever it comes the president said that the essence of the governments program now stacked up in the budget is that while we move toward complete lefeat of our enemies we musk ray the groundwork to return tho nation lo peaceful pursuits Mr Roosevelt summed up budget as the financial require ments for He included a demand for a truly stiff fiscal program providing at least 000000000 in new taxes on lop of the S40i69000000 which ha estimated present revenue laws ivill produce in fiscal 1915 He also urged congress not fo alter the contract renegotiation laws under which war production costs can be whittled down or the automatic doubling of he one per cent social security levies which would have gone into effect Jan uary 1 except for congressional ac tion temporarily delaying the ef fective date He advised the lawmakers too bat nisesUmates are based on heassumption that the wage and price line will be held I am convinced that the line can be held he said And he re iterated his belief in the neces sity for judicious use of sub sidies tohold down the cost of living Declaring that planning can not safely rely on the presi dent nevertheless voiced the hopa that this total war progam will never be fully obligated and spent But its approval is esseri ml he added to permit our mij tary leaders and our procurement igencies the flexibility they must have in planning and executing he job ahead Barring a European victory or other major development the war program from the start of defense ;