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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 13, 1943, Mason City, Iowa i V M i 2 i 31 i ftr i ill m ii I W 1 I 1 II i 1 1 I S NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF H I S T 0 3 Y A fi D ARCHIVED CE3 I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JANUARY 13 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 82 RUSSIANS RIP NAZI COUNTER DRIVES Destroy 34 Nazi Planes in Raid Near Tripoli 11 AIRPLANES ARE ENGAGED IN BLAZING FIGHT German Airmens Strong Effort to Stop Flying Forts Meets Failure By WES GALLAGHER ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA W States warplanes destroyed 31 nazi aircraft in the ahand on the giound in a raid Tuesday 012 Cas tel Benito airfield 10 miles south of Tripoli it was announced Wed nesday B17 flyinsr fortresses which the attack into Tripolitania from the west knocked out 20 planes on the ground and downed 14 more duringa blaz ing 75mile running battle lush in the air a spokesman said This was the deepest reported penetration into Libya by for tresses based in the west Other American bombers B26 Martin marauders made an attack last Saturday against an airdrome 10 miles from Tripoli possibly the same field Apparently instructed to stop the fortresses at any cost the Germans avoided the escort ot Pr38 Lockheed lightnings and raced into the concentrated fire of the big four engined bombers Despite the enemy efforts all oftfceAmeriacn planes returned to their bow although one plane home on only two motors two hours after the oth ers Air activity dominated day and night warfare as reports from the ground fronts indicated only pa trolling in the Bou Arada and Goubella areas of northern Tu nisia The RAFs Bisleys attacked the nazi supply line along the Tunis ian east coast near the port of Sousse ranging over the high ways by moonlight and blasting trucks and transports with bombs and machinegun fire The allied strategy of striking Marshal Rommel from both sides was operating like clockwork From the east the RAF and American air force with the British eighth army pounded Rommels transport and supply lines leading through Tripoli to Tunisia A Cairo communique said Wednesday that Tripoli and Horns 65 miles farther east were at tacked Monday night and that other planes followed up Tuesday with raids on axis air bases in Sicily Crete and Lampedusa is Almost at the same lime the American lightnings struck across the Tunisian border into Tripoli tania in other attacks Sweeping close to he ground above a line of axis trans port vehicles some ot them crowded with troops the can non and heavy machineguns of the swift fighters left a trail of smoke and destruction An air force spokesman esti mated that at least 50 trucks were destroyed including five filled with troops 65000th Landing j German Bodies on Rood Neor Stalingrad Weeks ago Berlin claimed to have captured Stalingrad How viong they were is in dicated by this photo taken on a road in that vicinity after attacking Russian forces had rolled over the German besiegers A large number of axis troops has been encircled west of the city by soviet columns ONLY ESSENTIAL FUNDS INDORSED State Senate Passes Resolution on Policy DES MOINES Iowa senate without a dissenting vote Wednesday passed a resolution de claring it the policy of the 50th generalsassembly to appropriate only furias which support esserit ial functions of state governmentand provide for the needy arid for de fense The resolution now goes to the house of representatives The senators did not adopt the resolution without considerable heartsearchinsr however as lo the extent of the alleged surplus in the state treasury Unfortunately Senator A J Shaw R Pocahontas declared the impression has gone out that this legislature has a great lot of money This is the result of the publication of halftruths in the newspapers 1 had a letter from a man in my district pointing out that there arc in the treasury but if everyone under stood that Of this goes to pay homestead tax exemptions and oldage pensions he would see that he have less than 000 in free funds not set aside or earmarked for some particular purpose Senator Shaw predicted a 55000000 drop in sales tax col lection this year because of war time restrictions on the production and sale of consumer goods Senator Leo Elthon K Fer tile predicted hat in addition to a S5000000 decrease in sales tax collections there would be a decrease in use tax making a total of eight or nine million dollars in revenue that the slate will not get next year If we only have eight or nine million dollars in thestate treas SOMEWHERE IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC Jan scout bomber pulled up lo a stop on its carrier Wednesday presumably ending just another ioutine mission but as the pilot Lieut JG George A Kiewet of San Diego stepped to the deck he was greeted with loud long cheers Ordered below to clean up and report back to the deck Kiewet was unaware he had made history He soon was enlightened how ever for on his return topside he found the carriers entire com plement lined up to present him with a huge cake The gift commemorated the 65 000th landing made aboard the ship The carriers present skipper made the 5000th landing and its executive officer the 4000th Sixtyfive thousand is believed to be the greatest number of deck landings ever made aboard a car rier of any navy Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from soar GlobeGazette carrier boy Giraud and De Gaulle Will Meet Soon Spokesman Claims IVew Undertones of Mystery Seen in Probe of Darlan Assassination uiy now and if revenue falls off that much this year we do not have any real surplus in the treas ury Elthon declared Food Prices Gain 12 Per Cent in Month WASHINGTON Prices paid by the average family for food were 12 per cent higher on Dec 15 than on Nov 17 largely as the result the rise in prices of uncontrolled fresh fruit and vegetables Secretary of Labor Perkins reported Wednesday Prices on food exempt from con trol by the office ot price admin istration advanced seven per cent while controlled foods increased a half of one per cent Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Rising tempera tures Wednesday afternoon Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon night 5 Lowest Wednesday IOWA Rising temperature Wed nesday night forenoon and Thursday noon occasional Wednesday night MINNESOTA Rising temperature Wednesday afternoon Wednes day night and Thursday fore light snow and north portion Wednesday afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 10 Minimum Tuesday night 12 At 8 a m Wednesday 10 At p m Wednesday 8 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 35 12 Sign Important Treaty A treaty of great importance to future ChineseAmeri can Delations is signed above in the state department at J ashington by Dr Wet Taoming Chinese ambassador to the United States and Secretary of State Cordell Hull The United States agrees in the treaty lo give up the extratcrntonal rights and special privileges long held by it and other western nations which have irked the Chinese ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA Gen Henri Honore Girnud new high commis sioner ot French North and West Africa and Gen Charles DeGaulle ot he Fighting French wil meet soon a spokesman for Gen eral Giraud said Tuesday night as the assassination of Girauds predecessor Admiral Jean Darlan took on new undertones of mys tery W Generaf Girauds spokesman disclosing that additional per sonages of Algiers had been ar rested in the case and others arrested earlier had been re leased said investigation of Darlans assassination Christmas eve was being prosecuted with out consideration of the promi nence of the persons involved nor their political beliefs The investigation he said was being made by military authori ties Asked if the Count of Paris heading a French monarchisl group had figured in the investi gation the spokesman said he could not discuss the trend the inquiry The murder of Darlan possibly was political he said but the investigation and trial will be conducted merely as that of a criminal for a crime needing pun ishment A young man described as Frenchman whose mother lives in Italy already has been cxccutcc as the actual assassin The new personages arrested it was pointed out arc in addition to the 12 seized New Years eve as instigators oE a plot to kill Robert Murphy President Roosevelts personal minister in North Africa General Girnud and others The spokesman in announcing1 the new arrests said the assassi nation of Admiral Darlan ap peared to have been the result of a conspiracy reaching in many directions General Giiaud disclosing the arrest of the original 12 said thai some ot them were persona friends and some had assisted ir the American occupation of North Africa Announcing the forthcoming meeting of General Giraud ant General DC Gaulle who has in sisted that former supporters of the Vichy government be rcinovec from their posts in North Africa General Girauds spokesman saic that many telegrams have been exchanged between General Gi raud and General De Gaulle with a view to reaching an agreement General De Gaulle he said wanted a meeting in early Janu ary but this was impossible be cause General Giraud has been touring the African provinces Kate Smith Reported to Be Seriously 111 NEW YORK Singer Kate Smith was seriously ill of a gall bladder ailment Wednesday and for an indefinite period she will not be able to appear on her three programs Miss Smith was stricken last Friday night Physi cians said an operation may be necessary orn Ceiling Prices Put Into Effect WASHINGTON UR Ceiling prices on corn went into effect at all markets Wednesday in vhat appeared to be a direct ad ministration challenge to the con gressional farm bloc The farm bloc immediately charged that the order affect ing the nations largest crop was a violation of the price stabilization law The for 60 days vhile specific price maximums are being the top rices of corn below its parity Jrices But agriculture officials contended they were entitled to nclude government payments to farmers in figuring parity a 0int hotly contested by the farm loc Government payments the officials said would bring the ceilings to 100 per cent of parity Prices of corn futures contracts and cash corn in recognized mar kets were set at the highest levels of Monday Jan 11 At small ocal markets prices were set at he top levels of any day between Jan 812 The office of price adminis tration issued the order on in structions from Stabilization Di rector James F Byrnes and with the approval of Secretary of Agriculture Claude K Wiek ard It was designed to en courage meat dairy and eejr production which officials said would suffer because rising corn prices made it unprof itable as feed Ceiling price levels in the tem contin ued in the later permanent order definitely will be no in crease in the general level of corn prices Byrnes Wiclcard and Deputy OPA Chief J K Gal braith said in a joint statement The regulations exempted seed corn popcorn grain sorghums sweet corn broom corn and local farmertofarmer sales The average bushel parity price of corn is 935 cents The order it was said would fix ceilings cnerally 15 to 20 cents below par ity unless subsidy payments are included Farm bloc opposition was voiced by Senator Elmer Thomas D Okla Representative Evan How ell R 111 Senator Burton K Wheeler D Mont Representa tive Fred C Gilchrist R Iowa and others Thomas said that the inclusion of AAA payments in parity computation was a pen alty against farmers who do not participate in the crop control program STATE CAPITOL GETTING READY FOR INAUGURAL Hickcnlooper to Be Governor Wilson Goes to Duty in Washington DES MOINES Iowa tatehouse took on n festive air Vednesday as preparations went forward for the COLD WAVE RELIEF SEEN Mason Citys 12 Below Is Lowest in Stale DES MOINES relief from sub zero temperatures was in sight for lowans Wednesday The states low temperature was 12 degrees below zero Wednesda morning at Mason City followed by 9 below at Charles City and below at Spencer Other cities where the mercury snnk below zero were Ames and Cedar Rap ids 2 Fort Dodge 6 and Iowa City 4 Lamoni had the slate high tem perature of 26 degrees Tuesday The weatherman forecast rising temperatures Wednesday nigh and in the west portion Wednes day Light rain or snow was fore cast for the extreme south por tion Wednesday night inauguration of BourkeB Hick enlooper of Ce dar Rapids as 29th governor Hickcnlooper who the nan lo become Iowas chief ex ecutive since W i 11 i a m L liardin vorld war 1 sc h e d uled Hickcnlooper take the oath of office Thursday afternoon Robert D Blue oC Eagle Grove will be inaugurated lieutenant governor at the same time The ceremonies tuke place before a joint session of the house and senate in the house of repre sentatives chamber Hickcnloop ers inaugural address is sched uled to be broadcast starting at p m The Cedar Hapids man already will have been acting govcrnot more than hours when he mounts the speakers stanc to be sworn in George A Wilsons last of ficial act as gov ernor was his biennial mes sage to the leg islature deliv ered at a joint session of the t w t houses Tuesday after left DCS JMoines curly Wednesday for Washingtoi to take up his new duties as United States senator leaving his successor to be acting governor until the formal inauguratioi ceremonies Tuesday night Wilson guest of honor at a dinner given by 40 officers of his military staff and the state staff of the Iowa national guard was praised as an executive who never was swayed by tiie cries of the un informed but who did the best for his state that should have been done Speaking for the state guard and for the officers of the na tional guard Brig Gen Charles H Grahl adjutant general of Iowa pledged Hickenlooper absolute loyalty and wholehearted suppor in any task you may assign to us j Hickenlooper has been lieuten ant governor for the past four years under Wilson Besides being the youngest man to assume the governorship in a quarter a century Hick cnlooper is the first veteran of world war 1 to be elected to the office and the first governor to come from Linn county While Cedar Rapids has been his home since he took up the practice of lav in 3922 he is a native of Taylor county where his parents Mr and Mrs Nathan O Hickenlooper still reside He is a graduate of Iowa Stale college and of the law school oC the University oC Iowa He served overseas with the 339lh field ar tillery in world war 1 Prior to becoming lieutenant governor in 1039 he had served Allied Planes Hit Japs on Rising Scale By the Associated Press Ailied warplanes sweeping the ar Pacific skies from Burniu to he south seas were reported lut ing the Japanese on a rising icale Wednesday and in land ightins Gen Douglas MacAr hurs headquarters announced gains against trapped enemy forces on the Paum beach New Guinea Survivors of a Japanese inva sion army originally estimated at 15000 troops were pictured as righting the last stages of a los ng battle with American and Australian soldiers hacking deep er into the enemys narrow de fense corridor at Sanananda joint At the same time delayed mes sages from Americandefended Guadalcanal island in the Solo mons reported that U S army ropps and marines accounted for 186 known Japanese killed and captured a number of guns on Jan 2 when they stormed a stra tegic hill and cleaned out Japa nese pockets oC resistance The assault reported without detail by the navy on Jan 5 carried out under fire from Japa nese machineguns mortars and rifles with the Americans cap turing the heavilyjunglcd hill alter a daylong advance Other dispatches said American patrols fighting a series of bitter actions in soggy jungles had killed nn average of 15 Japanese to each American losl MiijGeii Millard F Harmon commanding general of U S army forces in the south Pacific told newsmen it was just a ques tion of time before American troops won control of the key island BRITISH BOOST CARRIER TOTAL Strength Now Greater Than at Start of War LONDON V Alex ander first lord of the admiralty declared Wednesday that al though ue have had heavy losses in aircraft carriers we have more now than we had at the begin ning of the war after rcplaciiifc our losses Britain has announced the loss five aircraft carriers the Ark Royal Courageous Glorious Her mes and Eagle Since the start of the war she has completed the Indomitable Formidable Victorious and Illus trious and from Alexander statement apparently also ha added the new Indefatigable am Implacable to the fleet Jane fighting ships listed them ai scheduled for completion in 1342 This count indicate a total o seven the only prewar carrie REDS DECLARE FIGHT BECOMES MORE VIOLENT Germans Throw Tanks Planes Into Caucasus to Stiffen Stand By HEXRV C CASSIDY MOSCOW Germans threw tanks and warplanes into T stiffening stand in the Caucasus Wednesday in a desperate at tempt to cover their forces hold ing the Maikop oilfields and the Slack sen coast farther west but the Russians reported further ains and more villages captured Red Star mouthpiece of tha Russian army said the battle was jecoming more violent particu arly along the rail line toward Rostov from recaptured Mineral lye Vocly V f Battlefront dispatches said the Russians were maintainingtheir pressure alonir a whole 100 milc front from deep in the Caucasus to tiic lower Kalmyck steppe while other forces just to lie north bore down on the nizi Sal river line in prepara tion for the siege of Salsk an other milestone on the road to Rostov W V Strong German counterattacks were reported on the lower Don front as well as in the Caucasus Izvostia the government news paper said one such attack in the lower Don threatened an impor tant Russian line of communica tions but was repelled by red army reserves moved up nearly 40 miles overnight The Germans were forced to retreat Izvestia reported The Don offensive was ham pered by the cold wind which howled across the snowpiled steppes The progress there was slower than in parts of the Cau casus but the Russians re ported pressing ahead at a steady enough pace to prevent the enemy from regrouping shattered divi sions v In the closenuarler fighting in Stalingrad the red army made an important gain by thrusting forward from a north ern factory district to the western outskirts of the city Long range guns on the east bank of the Volga continued to shell German lodgements on the west bank around Stalingrad as the Russians kept up their pres sure on the German forces that have been cut off there from re treat to the west The soviet noon communique said several more populated places fell to the Russian Caucasus army in the nights fighting and added a significant report That red army planes had swept far west to Krasnodar in a series of Midwest Food Rationina o Conference Scheduled DES MOINES food rationing program to be inaugu rated soon by the federal govern ment will be explained to food industry representatives fronS nine midwestern states at a conference here Jan 18 The office of price administration and the newly cre ated food distribution administra tion will sponsor the session Ex tension service directors nutrition committee chairmen bankers and trade association officials also will attend two terms in the houseof repre sentatives He is a republican FORMER BUSINESSMAN DIES FORT DODGE G Early 83 for many years a leading Fort Dodge businessman died Tuciday in Los Angeles Cal where lie had resided since his retirement in 1916 He operated music stores in eight Iowa cities at one time The new first lady of Iowa is the former Vcrna Bcnsch of Lansing Iowa The Ilickcn loopers have two children David 9 and Janet 12 The family has taken up residence at 3101 Lincoln Place drive here Blue who succeeds Hickcn looper as presiding officer o the senate was speaker of the house in 1341 and has been a member of the legislature since 1934 He is 44 a native of Wright county and has been a lawyer at Eagle Grove since his graduation from Drake university in 1922 He was a delegate to the republican na tional convention in 1932 Mrs Blue is the former Cath lenc Beale of Tama Thire are two children Barbara H and Donald 12 Thursdays schedule Includes the customary governors re last Sept 20 that the royal navys capital ship carrier and cruiser losses of the last two and a half years had been replaced have had in the last three or four months very heavy at tacks by Uboats Alexander said in a speech Wednesday and we have taken a very heavy toll of the enemy Our naval losses in this war would constitute a great fleet yet in spite of the fact that we have had to replace those ships today ue have a far larger strength than in 1939 naval KILLED IN AN AIR CRASH COLORADO SPRINGS Private Newell L Cadwcil son of Mr and Mrs C F Cndwcll of Ames Iowa was one of six men killed Monday in the crash of an army bomber rado Springs northeast ot Colo Buy Var Savings Konris and Slamps from your GlobcGazcttc carrier boy ccption at 8 p m with dancinfc until midnight The reception will be held in the executive offices with hiith legislative officials elective state officials and their wives and former sovernors and their wives in the receiving line W In keeping with the times the decoralion scheme Ihis year is simple and emphasizes the pa triotic theme Hemlock roping entwined with flags was used to fesloon the rotunda and to orm huge Vs for victory in the main corridor and in the house cham ber Flowers for he occasion will be furnished by various state in stitutions Ten German planes were destroyed on the ground about 30 were damaged and two planes were brpught down in an aerial duel the communique said It was broadcast by the Moscow radio and recorded in London by the Soviet Monitor A German tank advance in the lower Don area was thrown back in vicious fighting and sev eral towns wore occupied in one sector the war bulletin said The Russians also reported that red army shock troops had broken through lo the western outskirts of Stalingrad after bitter fighting in buildings courtyards and streets The siege of Stalingrad began HI clays ago The besiegers themselves are held in n huge trap before Stalin grad by the Russian columns that fanned out in the winter offen sive launched Nov 19 The soviet midnight commu nique pictured the farflnnr central Caucasus advance mov ing steadily along both sides of the railway that angles from Baku oil center on the Caspian northwestward to Rostov at the mouths of the Don near where the river splits to flow into the Sea of Azov 25 miles below the city limits The recapture of six more points in the Caucasus including Essentuki 12 miles west ot Pyatigorsk was announced Es senlukis fall carried a Russian column to within 38 miles ot the headwaters of the Kuban river The Moscow correspondent of Reuters British news agency re ported that Russian troops had speared from Stalingrad down uast Elista through the Kalmyck ;