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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 13, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COHP DEPARTMENT OF H I STO Y A Nt ARCHIVES OF S MOINES A VOL XLV1II THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL UXASEB WJBES FIVE CENTS A COPV MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JANUARY 13 1942 THIS PAPEH CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 81 BATAN DEFENDERS DRIVE BACK JAPS JapJPlanes Attack Celebes Nippon Ships Bombed by Dutch I i TARAKAN ISLES REPORT HITLER Chiefs of 8 Axis occupied nillT cum cuov Nations Pledge Punishment Will MIULtNMV for Crimes Against Peoples AS REDS GAINED Kuibyshev Dispatches State Russian Advance Has Been Accelerated LONDON fljfi Adolf Hitler lias tied from his new headquar ters at Smolensk 230 miles west southwest of Moscow before the relentless counterdrive of Rus sias red army Swiss reports from Berlin said Tuesday A Zurich dispatch to the Ex change Telegraph quoting un questionable Berlin sources said Hitler had left Smolensk key town of the Moscow front for a new headquarters somewhere in southern Russia Russian forces were known to have been within 110 miles of Smolensk on the tragic road upon which Napoleons grand army died after capturing Mos alsk It was plain that the new head quarters which Hitler established there just before Christmas when he assumed the supreme command of the army in pursuit inner call were now ened of an threat A United Piess dispatch from Kuibyshev said the Russian ad vance had been accelerated all along the Moscow front and that 157 inhabited places had been re captured in three days Kuibyshev reported that the Germans had started to abandon positions after the Russians thFew abig force of expert ski into the front lines to harass communications and in swift marchesthrough the snowbound woods by night to surround and cut off German strong points Stockholm dispatches reported that the Russians had sur rounded Orel 200 miles south of Moscow trapping at least two German regiments num bering 6000 men and 250 tanks Berlin reports had told of ferocious Russian attacks in waves on Orel Kuibyshev reported that the Russians had inflicted terrible casualties on the 216th German division which reached the front from France early this month One regiment of the division sent in a vain attempt to close a break in the German line near Mosalsk was scattered after the first im pact of the Russian attack it was asserted Stockholm reported additional Russian troop landings on the Crimean coast specifying tha these landings were near the north end of the peninsula This would mean that in com bination with the threat from the Kerch peninsula on the east and Sevastopol and the Yevpatoriya landing point on the southwest coast the big GcrmanItalianRu rnanian army in the Crimea was in serious danger Quislings Also Have Little Reason to Look With Hope Eden Adds LONDON The govern ments of eight axisoccupied na tions and the free French pledged themselves Tuesday to postwar punishment of occupation officers and their accomplices for what Anthony Eden British foreign secretary described as the op pression and brutality imposed on Europe The Quislings also have little reason to look to the future with any hope Eden asserted at their inference opening session around i red plush covered table in St Jamess palace Eden said the session con vened on the initiative of the governments in exile would show that the German so called new order in Europe is a sham Tuesdays meeting he said is also a message of encourage ment sent out to the oppressed populations of Europe In a solemn ceremony in St Jamess palace the governments inexile of the Netherlands Bel gium Jugoslavia Norway Greece Luxemburg Poland Czecho slovakia and the free French com mittee laid the ground work for postwar machinery which may some day doom axis officials and soldiers judged to have behaved contrary to the accepted ideas concerning acts ol war Prime ministers and foreign ministers mans arid Italians for mass execu tions mass expulsions execution of hostages andmassacres in their State Fair Board Not to Oppose Army Plan to Use Fairgrounds DES MOINES low state fair board will not stand h tiie way of any war department plan to utilize the state fair grounds here for military pur poses Lloyd Cunningham board sec retary said after a conference of agricultural leaders at the state house Monday that the board is not going to present any forma statement to the war dcpartmeni listing why the fairgrounds shculc not be taken over A committee of five to confer with the war department on de tails of the transfer if the area is taken over was appointed he added Army officers surveyed the site last week respective countries Each then signed a resolution pledging his government to try responsible persons and their ac complices The resolution mentioned ar ticles of the Hague convention of 1907 which lists collective punish ment of occupied countries as con trary lo international law as a guide for the trials Exact methods of arrest and trial are to be worked out at fu ture meetings but authoritative quarters said blacklists of offi cials and traitors already had been prepared by the interested govern ments ASKS WILLKIE BE ARBITRATOR Roosevelt Requests GOP Leader to Assist New War Labor Board WASHINGTON Roosevelt has selected Wendell L Willkie the man he defeated for the presidency in 19JO as one of a number of umpires and arbitra tors to assist the new 12man war labor board and discussed w i t h Tues WILLKIE Willkie had make when he house the job Willkie day Stephen Ear i ly presidential secretary indi cated Willkie hod not defin itely accepted t h e position and said the list was incom plete no comment to left the white PRICE SPIRAL IN SENATE PLAN IS FEARED BY F R Amendment Tying Parity Prices to Industrial Wages Is Opposed WASHINGTON P r esidcnt Roosevelt was reported Tuesday to have told a group of house ricmbcrs that farm amendments u the senate price control bill ivould lead to a spiral of increased nices for both labor and the farmer Members of the banking com nittee had said earlier as they left lie white house conference that he president had left them with a hand Well informed congressional sources said that air Kooscvelt had told the five congressmen that the OMahoncy amendment written into the bill on the sen ate floor last week tying parity prices directly to the level of in dustrial wages Hie most ob jectionable action that body had taken Tiie chief executive was repre sented as believing thatifthat formula were adopted theceilings on agricultural commodities which might be imposed would be raised considerably higher than other wise Then labor would demand higher wages which if granted would raise the farm ceilings still further Opponents of the OMahoney amendment said that it would pro hibit the imposition of ceilings be low 120 per cent of parity and might lead to a 25 per cent in crease in food prices The president called Hie mcel imr of the house members it was reported to enlist their support in a campaign to defeat in a joint senatehouse conference com mittee that amendment as well as one by Senator Bankhcad DAla which would give Secretary of Agriculture Wick ard veto power over any farm price ceilings that Leon Hender son price administrator might set W One of the conferees expressed the opinion that the controversy between two appointees of the chief executive could be settled more quickly than the argumenl over the farm sections of the legis lation Chairman Steagall DAla of the banking committee said thai the president recommended we get the best bill we could and we said we would But as to the controversial pro vision bearing on farm prices Stcagall offered no hint as to what the president expected Lie Detector Stolen From L A College LOS ANGELES may want to ask this fellow some questions if they ever catch him He stole the lie detector Monday night from Los Angeles City col lege The labor board with William HDavis as chairman was created late Monday by executive ordci and is armed with authority to submit labor disputes to binding arbitration to keep war Industrie operating at full speed It super seded the defense mediation board and will absorb its func tions and most of its employes COMMUNION TABLE STOLEN WAVERLY arc investigating the theft of a com munion table valued at S2o from the closed Congregational church Willkie has consulted the chief executive with comparative fre quency in recent months and then have been repeated rumors tha he would be asked to take a gov ernment position particularly since he has been a strong sup porter of most aspects of the ad ministrations foreign policy A 2 Little Denison Girls Wait for Train to Pass Are Hit by 2nd DENISON passengei tram snuffed out the lives of twc little Denison girls Tuesday a they made their way to school The victims were Louise Zea 7 daughter of City Marshal and Mrs Lonnic Zea and Mildred Nemitz 6 daughter of Mr and Mrs Waltei AemiU They were struck by a west bound passenger train at a cross ing at the Chicago and Nortl Western station Authorities said the girls grade school students apparently waituc for an eastbound freight train to una ana mosi 01 iis employes Pass anc were struck by the pass Asked whether there would be train on a second track an umpire for each trade Early replied that he could not describe T vli Ihe exact machinery the war iOWa Woman labor board would use but that in most of its important cases i1 would work as a panel and sitting with the members would be an umpire Daughter and Self CLINTON of a murder and suicide according ti Coroner L O Riggert the bodie of Mrs Charles Picczynski home Indications were that Mrs Piccz ynski after slaying her daughte by battering her head in with brick went to the kitchen turned on gas and asphyxiated herself the coroner said as he recon structed the story of the tragedy Fort Drum Guns Roar J BATTERIES ARE SUPERIOR TO GUNS OF FOE These 14inch rifles shown in target practiceare on Fort Drum in Manila bay and must be captured before the Japanese can use Manilas harbor Fort Drum literally is concrete battleship built on bedrock and is one of a seriesof island fortresses guarding the entrance to the bay Reports of Nazi Unrest Are Too Numerous to Be Ignored Winter Transportation Over Extended Lines in Russia Real Problem By LOUIS F KEEMLF Of the United Frcss War Desk A barrage of reports from Swiss Swedish and other sources indicates that in addition to his military re verses on the Russian front Hitler is having trouble at home within his army and in the o c c u p i cd countries All these re ports cannot be taken at face value but there Rrc so liem nnc lrom such varied sources that they cannot be entirely ignored If it is true that Hitler has lost 25 of his generals in the wake of the dis missal of Field Marshal von Brauchilsch there must be con siderable dissension in the Ger man command At a time when leadership and energy arc needed to halt the Rus sian advance and save the Ger man armies from a winter rout this would be important news Moreover divided leadership would have a bad effect on the morale of the troops already re ported deteriorating The bitter cold the lick of proper clothing and shortage of rations because of transporta tion difficulties arc factors bound to have a bad effect on morale In connection with supply dif ficulties the German Transoccan news agency carried a dispatch saying the daily transport of food clothing and equipment to Ru manian troops east of the Dnieper had been temporarily discon tinued If this means the troops are expected to live off the coun try they will find it next to im possible From the military standpoint the German position remains bad The Russian advances continue all along the line and Hitler is re ported reliably to have aban doned his headquarters at Smol ensk in face of the Russian threat There seems lo be no ques tion of a German counter of fensive Ibis winter but only of how far the army will withdraw before it finds positions it ran hold The increasing difficulties i of winter transportation over the extended German lines may make that withdraws deep Reports from Berlin say tha Germany is calling up army re servists and starting a recruiting drive This is explained by a Ber lin spokesman as advance prep aration for a spring campaign However it seems more likely tha it would be to reinforce tin sagging German lines and mak up for the dwindling support o the Rumanian and Hungarian allies Driver Gets Out of Car Punches Man Auto Had Just Knocked Dowi DES MOINES Lewis 55 of Des Moincs is wondcrin about this one Lewis told police he wa knocked down by a skidding auto mobile while he was crossing a street Monday night He wasnt injured but the driv er got out of the car punche Lewis in the face and knockc him down again Without a word drove off the motoris With or Without THERMOPOLIS Wyo Sign on an old automobile her reads For with tires without MacArthurs Forces Credited With Wiping Out 44 Field Guns WASHINGTON American nd Filipino artillery batteries avc proved definitely superior o the Japanese the war depart ment said Tuesday in announcing hat columns of enemy tanks ther armored units and infantry lad been shattered and dis lersed in a 24hour battle Eleven Japanese batteries were silenced and others were forced to fall back under re lentless shelling by the Ameri canFilipino guns in defense positions on the Batan peninsula west of Manila bay the depart ment saict The usual artillery battery in he worlds armies consists of our guns On this basis the report rom the Philippines would credit he defenders with wiping out 44 ield guns a considerable measure of fire power in the comparative y fighting area Japanese losses were called heavy while that ot the de fenders were labeled relatively slight Japanese dive bombers sup ported the enemy artillery fire the morning communique said but there were no enemy bombing at tacks on the fortifications at the southern tip of Batan or Corrcsi dor island he g bay Furious Air Battle Staged at Singapore SINGAPORE a p a n e s p jomber formations lashing out ihead of enemy troops only about 150 miles north of this defense Bastion literally shook Singapore Tuesday with bursting bombs Preliminary surveys disclosed that little damage was done Unlike Monday when the ail battle was fought high in the clouds or at a distance from the city the 750000 inhabitants of the island were aware that a battle of the skies was on in dead earn est Bomb explosions and an intense antiaircraft barrage shook build ings in several parts of the city and rattled windows Although no specific targets were mentioned in the dispatch the Japanese would be most likely to center on the naval base on thc northern shore of the 26byH milc island The proximity of the battle sounds lo the city itsell in the southern part indicated however that the raiders may also have been pounding Singapores port section or the scattered airfields on the island Other Japanese bombers smashed at British troops attempting to hold a new defense line after abandoning Kuala Lumpur in a retreat described as carried out with good order and relatively few casualties The air assault apparently was designed to prepare the way for a resumption of the overland of fensive in which the Japanese have advanced some 300 miles from the Thailand border since they began their invasion Dec 8 SI 5 Puts Burning Match in Pocket Dies of Burns RIVERSIDE Cai McFarland 107 accidentally placed a burning match in his pocket He died of burns ABOLISH SPRING VACATION AMES States annual spring vacation has been abolished as the college moves to ward a more compact schedule which will permit students to graduate sooner President Charles E Friley announced Tuesday LIMIT STATION HOURS DAVENPORT Starting next Monday tilling stations in the quadcity area will close at 7 p m daily They will open at 7 a m ALLIES MAY BE FORCED BACK TO AUSTKALIA The pace of Japans expanding conquests aroused the capital Tuesday in the grim possibility that the united nations may be forced back to Australia the last bastion from which n major couti teroffcnsive can be launched in the south Pacific This admittedly was taking a long view but the tide of battle in the far cast encouraged scant optimism even though Wash ington held doggedly to the hope that somewhere in the East In dies the enemy would be brought up short by a serious defeat Dutch silence on details of the fighting on Celebes and Borneo was generally interpreted as an indication that the Japanese in vaders were gaining ground The desperate situation in the Philip pines was no better On the Ma lay peninsula the monotonous story of enemy successes con tinued In this drive toward Singapore the Japanese already were in position for a flanking attack on the Dutch island o Sumatra Should both Borneo and Sumatra fall the invaders would be poised for a pincers assault on Java the strongly defended iiland which is the core of Netherlands resistance There were a number of im ponderables in the situation The Japanese have spread their forces dangerously thin The Dutch stoutly assert that they can hold out if reinforcements arrive par ticularly in the air And Anglo American reinforcements are re ported enroutc although there has been no hint as lo their air strength lloxvcvcr the disposition in many quarters of the capital was lo face the worst possibili ties squarely on the theory that if the worst did not happen so much the better This altitude was strengthened by the re marks of Navy Secretary Knox who said Monday that no de cisive showdown with the Japa nese fleet could be expected in the near future Australia has one big advan tage that cannot be duplicated anywhere in all Oceania Its great land mass provides space for as mnny air fields as arc necessary for the down under continent is 32 times the size of the uniteri kingdom or about the area of the continental United States minus Arkansas or Iowa The compara tively few air fields available to allied nations heretofore has proved a great disadvantage PLAN HOUSING UMTS CHICAGO office of emergency management has an nounced plans to construct 2500 more defense housing units in the midwest including 1000 family hvclling units at Burlington Iowa and 200 at Rocktord III Abandonment of Kuala Lumpur importantfubbfer center and capi tal of the federated Malay slates was confirmed by the British Monday night Earlier a communi que had reported establishment new defense line north of Sercmban 35 miles southeast of Kuala Lumpur but it failed to ay specifically that the city had been abandoned SNOW MELTS AS IOWA SUN BEAMS Fair and Warmer Is Cheering Wcather Forecast for State DES MO1NES sun beamed and the snow ran away That was the weather picture in Iowa Tuesday as the forecast read fair and warm er Tuesday af ternoon and Tuesday night It will take a bit of melting to clear streets in central Iowa but a good stall WARMER was being made and indications were the mer cury would get little freezing below Tues day night The forecast was for temperature minima of 25 in the northern half Tuesday night 30 in the southeast and 32 in the southwest Mondays high was 41 at Coun cil Bluffs the low 10 at Iowa City Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Fair and warmer Tuesday afternoon and Tueday night Lowest temperature Tucs day night Mason City 2i Con siderable thawing Tuesday alt crnoon IOWA Fair and wanner Tues day afternoon a n d Tuesday night MINNESOTA Partly clouciv lo Tuesday afternoon and Tuesday night a few snow flurries north portion Tuesday night warmer Tuesday after noon and in southeast portion Tuesday night becoming cold er north portion by Wednesday morning lowest temperatures 26 to 32 over south and 6 to 16 over north portion Tuesday night Wind 2535 MPH occa sionally higher over north por tion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistic Maximum Monday Minimum Monday night At 8 a m Tuesday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 2U FALL ADMITTED BYNEI CHIEFS Ternate Island in Molucca Group Also Attacked by Japanese BATAVIA plane fleets opened au attack on the central Celebes coast and Ternate island in the Molucca group 150 miles across the Molucca passage as the Netherlands Indies com mand announced the of oil rich Tarakan island Brief reports of the raids gave HO indication whether as in previous instances they were the prcluile to new invasion at tempts Thirty heavy bombs were dropped on Koloncdalc 250 miles down the Celebes coast from Tarakan but the only casualty re ported was the wounding of a noncommissioned officer Later Japanese planes raided Tcrnale killing 15 persons wounding four seriously and 20 slightly and setting fire to copra stores warehouses and buildings in the center of the town The fires were put out with difficulty Ter nate is oft the west coast of Gilolo in the Dutch Molucca group the historic Spice islands Netherlands planes swept out over the Indies on a new offen sive against Japanese warships and transports as tiny Tarakan island surrendered after inflicting heavycasualties on the Japanese A small part of the embattled garrison which had fourht bravely but hopelessly for three days against overwhelming odds manascd to fiffht its ivay to Borneo iu face of merciless fire from Japanese parachutists and seaborne troops and Japanese invasion ships offshore The official statement said Ihn Netherlands troops had capitulated only in face of heavy odds after inflicting casualties which made the conquest very costly to the invaders The men who escaped will con tinue the fight which was ex pected soon to spread lo the Netherlands part of Borneo To do so they will have to fish their way through thick jungle roadless and uninhabited Planes of the Netherlands East Indies air forec intensified their attacks on the Japanese Inva sion fleet as the tiny island fell It was believed that the de fenders had destroyed every thing on the island which the Japanese might haxe used A communique of the Nether lands Easl Indies command an nouncing the fall of TKiakan said The Japanese attack on Tara kan was carried out with a very large superiority of fortes The enemy managed to break the re sistance of the garrison A small part of the garrison reached the mainland of Borneo safely Because radio communications will Tarakan were broken off in the early stages of the attack no particulars are known about the course of the fighting The air attacks by the Nether lands Indies air force on the Japa nese fleet lying off Tarakan are being continued The Aneta news agency added that an authoritative spokesman said With the fall of Tarakan the Japanese have mode their first definite conquest of Netherlands Indies soil There is no doubt that the comparatively small garrison on the island fought bravely but heavy cxlds in men and material were against il Because of the interruption of radio communications in Ihr early stages of the assault noth ing is known here or at head quarters of the Netherlands In dies forces at Bcndocng about the course of the battle but it is known that the Japanese poured in large numbers of troops and literally overran the place There were rumors that up to 20000 Japanese had been thrown against the Tarakan garrison and it was reported that big fleets of Japanese planes had bombed and machine gunned the defenders mercilessly It may be that soon informa tion will be received from the member of the garrison who succeeded in reaching Borneos ;