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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 12, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND DCS MOINE5 I VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JANUARY 12 1943 Tius PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS J ALL CORN PRICES FROZEN BY OPA Count Heavily on 43 Farm Output in Victory ALLIED CHIEFS aTE VICTOR YIN FOOD FOR 1942 Leaders Job for Observance of Farm Mobilization Day WASHINGTON Roosevelt and other united na tions leaders patted American farmers on the back Tuesday for the food contributed to war in 3942 and reminded them that 1943 production is being counted on heavily lor further steps to ward victory A special farm mobilization day radio program utilizing the facilities of all he major chains carried the messages to millions of farmers both in their homes and in many county meetings The presidents message read by James F Byrnes director of economic stabilization said In spite of the handicaps under which American farmers worked last year the pro tion victory they won was among the major victories of the united nations in 1912 Free people everywhere can be grateful to the farm families who made that victory possible Food is a weapon in total war as important in its way as guns or planes or tanks Our enemies know the use of food in wap They employ it cold bloodedly to strengthen their own lighters and workers and to weak en or exterminate the peoples of the conquered countries We of the united nations also are using food as a weapon to keep our fighting men fit and to maintain the health of all our civilian families We are using fod to earn the friend ship of people in liberated areas and to serve as a promise and an encouragement to peoples who arc not yet free Maxim Litvinoff Russian ambassador told the American soil tillers that their food played no small part in mak ing it possible for the soviet troops to deal mighty blows at the fascist troops to destroy uazis by the hundred thousands and drive them back Lilvinoff explained that the German invaders had overrun some of the most fertile areas of Russia and the only way that Russian troops could keep on fight he said red troops were making for the bene fit ol all the united to receive help from the outside both in the way of food and muni tions Lord Woollon British food min ister speaking from London saici the axis leaders were depend ing on you Amencan tanners to as we in Britain are depending on you not to tail so that we can go on fighting and producing planes and tanks and ships as we have for the past three years He emphasized that any Ameri can food shipped to England will not be wasted The president in his mes sage said the united nations are pooling their food resources and uslnr them where they will do the most good He said America is not the only one furnishing food to her allies Every food producing country among the united nations is doing its share Our own share in food strategy especially at this stage of the war is large because we have such great resources for produc tion and we are on direct ocean lanes to North Africa to Britain and to the northern ports of Rus sia ihc president said Secretary of Agriculture Wick avd said he wanted to thank all the farmers their wives their children and other farm workers for their devotion to production last year and added the govern ment is going to help all it can cut I know how short that help will fall on many occasions From the battleground on Guadalcanal Col William Ca Pers James former chief of staff Vandegrift marine commander in the Solomon is lands brought this message I have seen what nourishment means to our fighting marines in the Solomons and I can tell you that guns and bullets and fighting hard are no more important than proper food Hurrying to Down More Japs in Lae An Amencan fighter pilot leaps from the truck carrying pilots from the reaclv room and runs to his PS8 Lockheed lightning on a field in New oLca A mechanic is reads to start the twin motors The lightnings were credited with problbh de stroyina oCJap zero fighters in the great battle of American aircraft against an cnemv convoy that attempted to reinforce the Jap garrison at Lae New Guinea tola of Jap planes was destroyed probably destroyed or PREDICT LONG TRIAL FOR FLYNN Both Sides Carefully Study Jury Selection LOS ANGELES fCj Predict ing a long as much as three and defense attorneys resumed their tedious task of selecting a jury to try Movie Actor Errol Flynn on rape charges With both sides making ex haustive examination of venire men the defense questioned 12 prospective jurors Monday first day of the trial the state only five Jerry Gicsler Flynns attor ney seemed particularly anxious to assure himself that they had no prejudice against the acting profession or the motion picture industry and that the grilling ex amination of the actors two ac cusers would not influence their In his turn John Hopkins dep uty district attorney questioned whether the prospective jurors would give equal credence to the testimony of the two girls as to that of Flynn Just because it is Errol Flynn does not mean that you are going to believe him and reject the tes timony of other individuals he asked He wanted to know too whether their possible disapprov al of the conduct of the complain ing witnesses would lead liie vcniremen lo discount their testi mony You dont believe in a double standard in and outside of Holly wood Hopkins asked one of them There should not be dis crimination in favor of actors and actresses He told the jurors the state did not have to prove consent on the part of Peggy La Hue Satterlee 16 year old Hollywood night club entertainer and Betty Hansen former Lincoln Nebr school girl who came here seeking film roles ON APPROPRIATIONS GROUP WASHINGTON tatne Ben F Jensen of Exira Iowa is one of four congressmen named by house republicans to poss on theappropriations com mittee Names of 11 Ships Listed as Among Those Lost in Pacific Hornet Went Down After Inflicting Heavy Damage on WASHINGTON With mil itary security no longer requiring secrecy the navy publicly added to its list of sunken vessels Tues day the names the aircraft car rier Hornet and 10 other warships all previously announced as lost but not identified at the time The 20000 ton Hornet com missioned only a year before its death on Oct 26 went to the bottom of the south Pacific off the Santa Cruz islands after a battle that inflicted heavy dam age on two Japanese carriers and bomb and torpedo hits on an enemy battleship and five cruisers The other United States war ships sunk in the furious Novem ber battles that broke the heaviest Nipponese attempts to recapture Guadalcanal were identified as the 9050totK cruiser Northamp ton 6000ton cruiser Juneau G 000ton cruiser Atlanta and the destroyers Monssen Gushing Benham Preston Walke Barton and La f fey The navy communiques oil the engagements in which these ves sels and another previously iden tified destroyer were lost showed however that a total of 18 Japa nese warships were damaged and 37 sunkjcomprising two tjattlc ships eight cruisers two large destroyers or cruisers 10 destroy ers and 15 transports The navy announced last Oct 26 that a carrier was severely damaged after two attacks by Japanese bomber and torpedo planes Five days later the vessel was declared lost but the casual ties among its personnel normal ly 2170 were reported few Describing the Hornets last hours in a hitherto unpublished intervietv at Nutley N J a month ago Marine Private George E Kindmark a survivor told of two Japanese planes divecrashinu o the decks The explosions wrecked Ihe super structure and set the big ship aflame Patrol pfcmcs from the Hornet opened the battleKindmark re lated after spotting an enemy tasfcrforce isiiindsr some 3aO miles northeast of Guadal canal American torpedo planes attacked and shortly Japanese bombers retaliated The enemy planes were dis persed but returned later with a force in which the marine counted 84planes They seemed to have no oilier object than getting us Kind mark observed Other ships were ignored Even after the Hornet was se verely damaged the carriers guns kept fiviiKS and the survivor counted 2S falling enemy planes Then with the carrier burning fiercely the order was given to abandon ship Other American warships de livered the final blows tothe carrier when it was found that she had been damaged beyond repair Thus the force of seven air craft carriers with which the United States entered the war on Dec 7 1041 was reduced to three Enterprise Saratoga and Ranger Of the other carriers the Lexington was lost in the bat tle of the Coral sen the Yoork lown nt Midway and the Wasp in the Solomons 5 Waterloo Brothers in Navy Missing WATERLOO navy department Tuesday advised Mr and Mrs Thomas F Sullivan Waterloo that their five sons 20 to 29 years old officially listed as missing in action after loss of the U S S Juneau in sea battles around the Solomon is lands during November The five sons enlistees in the navy during late December 1941 had been aboard the Juneau since midFebruary 1942 when the new 513000000 light cruiser was commissioned at Brooklyn Missing due to enemy action the navy reported were George T 29 gunners mate second class Francis II 26 coxswain Joseph E 23 seaman second class Madison A 22 seaman second class Albert L 20 seaman second class The navy departments tele gram message to the parents gave no further details Loss of the Juneau and other United States warships wns dis closed late Monday in u com munique The boys father is a freight conductor for the Illinois Central railroad here The mother who earlier had received special rec ognition from the navy depart ment for sending five sons into the service has been invited by Secretary of Navy Frank Knox to christen a new tug The cere mony once scheduled for Dec 28 has been postponed The five Sullivans were in ducted ajLDes on Jan 3 1942 declaring they were out to avenge a pal Bill Ball of Fredericksburg loira killed during the Japanese sneak at tack on Pearl Harbor Albert youngest of the quin tet is the only married brother His wife and 22 months old son Jimmy live here The navy said the Sullivans would be carried on the missing lists until evidence of their true fate could be learned High naval personnel officials at Washington D C reached by telephone told the Waterloo Daily Courier at noon Tuesday that the loss of the five Sullivan brothers ranked as the heaviest blow suffered by any single family since Pearl Harbor and probably in American naval history It is a navy policy in wartime to separate members of one fam ily one official said The Sulli vans enlistments were condition al however upon their serving together the officer reported Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Colder Tuesday afternoon and Tuesday night Lowest temperature Tuesday night C IOWA Continued cold Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon MINNESOTA Continued cold Tuesday night nnd Wednesday forenoon except not quite so cold west portion Wednesday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 2b Minimum Monday night I At 8 a m Tuesday 1 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Postpone Tire Inspection Deadli WASHINGTON of fice of price administration modi fied Tuesday its periodic tire inspection program by postpon ing the Jan 31 deadline for the first inspection and providing for less frequent examinations The action was taken OPA said to minimize public incon venlence and to smooth out oc casional work peaks for the inspectors A stagger system was put into effect so that there will be three different deadlines for the first inspection Under the revised program all holders of basic gasoline ratio A coupons will have unlil the end of March for their first tire in spection and subsequent inspec tions will be once in each six months instead of the former requirement of once every four months Motorists with B or C supple mentary books or bulk coupons for fleets will be required to get their first inspections by the end of February Afler that inspec tions for B bookholders will be once in every four months and for C bookholders and bulk cou pon holders once every Ihvcc months Formerly Ihc schedule called for examinations of cars me with B and C rations once in two months In announcing the changes Paul M OLeary deputy OPA administrator in charge of ra tioninjr said tire conservation now will depend more heavily upon voluntary cooperation by motorists An announcement of a similar postponement on inspection of truck and commercial car tires was expected later Tuesday from the office of defense transporta tion Commercial tires now have a Jan 15 inspection deadline but She date probably will be put off for several weeks 2 BILLS ARE VOTED BY HOUSE Ail Records for Speed in Assembly Broken DES MOINES UPBrcakins all records for legislative speed the house Tuesday passed two bills Ihc second day of the session By a vote of IO to 0 the house passed a bill making the deadline for filing soldiers property lax exemption claims July 1 of each year instead of June 1 to make it correspond with the deadline for riling all homestead credit claims Four members were absent Two years ago the house set a record for action by passing three bills the third day of the session Before that two weeks customarily elapsed before any bills were passed The second bill passed would permit the employment security commission cto enter into recip rocal agreement Kith similar commission lo enter into rccip that an employe who works in more than one stale for the same company may have all his unem ployment compensation benefits accrue in one state The vote was 105 to 0 with three members ab sent Youth Experimenting With Chemicals Dies MINNEAPOLIS expcriments in a basement chem ical laboratory killed Wallace Engvall 19 Deputy Coroner H J Welles reported Tuesday The youths mother returning home late Monday smclled chemical fumes in the house Investigating she found her son dead in the basement The fumes poured from a beaker ot chemicals heat ing over a burner REDS CONTINUE TO ADVANCE IN CAUCASUS AREA Series of Brilliant Russian Strokes Along Many Fronts Revealed By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor Soviet dispatches d c c I a r e d Tuesday that wavering German troops had retreated another 20 miles on the eastern approaches to Rostov while on the lower Don front the nazi high command was reported throwing masses of tankled infantry into a desperate new attempt to halt the red arm ies Once again a series of brilliant Russian s t r o k es overshadowed the news from other fronts in the global war There wove allied bombing attacks on the Italian port of Naples and on Germanys war foundries in the Ruhr Hillers hieli command ac knowledged that the were kccpins up the offensive in three major sectors report ing tersely Between the Caucasus and the Don in the area of Stal ingrad and in the Don area the Russians asaiu Attacked in the same focal points as before with strong forces Along with this glum comment a Rome broadcast quoted the Germanfpreign office publica tion plena Aus Deutschlahd as declaring The most rigid reserve must be maintained regarding the fight ing in Russia as the Russians are displaying their greatest strength now Soviet dispatches sakt the drive which has carried Russias Cauca sus armies 80 miles from recap tured Mozdok in nine days had put red army forces in a position to sweep back to the headwaters of the Kuban river and threaten recapture of the Germanheld Maikop oil fields A laic bulletin from Moscow said the red army led by Cos sacks slashing their way trium phantly back into their home land had already driven Ihe Germans back into the Kuban river region between the tower ing Caucasus mountains and the river Don Red Star the Russian army newspaper said the Cossacks had returned to their devastated vil lages and towns in the Kuban area after the Caucasian prov inces of North Osetia and Kab ardino Bakaria hacl been wrested back from the nazi invaders On Ihe lower Don area our troops fought offensive engage ments reel army headquarters announced The enemy is striv ing to stem the advannce of soviet troops hurling large forces of tanks and infantry inlo the bat tle In one sector the Hitlerites concentrated about 100 tanks and launched fierce counterattacks Our troops repulsed all enemy countcrnttacks disabled 13 tanks and killed more than 300 German officers and men Driving down across Hie mid dle Don steppes from the north the nearest soviet col umn was reported less than 100 miles from Rostov Another red army striking from the cast was only 60 miles from the great German stronghold whose fall would cut off the land escape route of hun dreds of thousands of axis sol diers The new L0inilc German with drawill cast of Rostov came as soviet troops pushing down the railroad from Stalingrad to Ihe Black sea captured the town of Kubcrlc after an advance from Zimovniki Other red army columns were reported lo have engulfed town after town in a sweep extending 21 miles north from Kuberlc and a flanking drive to Vesioly 30 miles south of Zimoniki straight ened out the front in that sector BACK LOCAL OPTION DBS MOINES Iowa antisaloon league was on record Tuesday in support of local option legislation which it expects to sec introduced in the present legisla tive session O G Christgau stajc superintendent of the league said he understood such legislation was being considered Wilson Urges No New Iowa Tax Be Levied DES MOINES George A Wilson urged in his farefell message lo Ihe Iowa legislature Tuesday that no new or additional taxes be levied this year other than those necessary to help win the war or to take care of those who as a result of the war have been placed in a position of need Wilson who leaves for Wash ington Wednesday morning to take up his new duties as United States senator from Iowa spoke at a joint convention of the house and senate in the house of representatives chamber GovEiect Bourke H Ilicken soper of Cedar Rapids who has been lieutenant governor in Ihe Wilson administration becomes acting governor when Wilson leaves Ihc stale Formal inaugu ration of Hickcnlooper as gover nor nnd Robert D Blue of Eagle Grove as lieutenant governor is set for 2 i rn Thursday Wilson limited his parting rec ommendations to the assembly to the admonition that no new taxes be levied and a further sugges tion that appropriations from the 1941 legislature for new buildings which could not be creeled on ac count of the war should be in vested in United States bonds un til they can be used Projects held up by the war in cluded a new state of fice building in Des Moines a S300000 first unit of a new gen eral library at the state university of Iowa a S45000 addition lo the state childrens hospital at Iowa City and SG50500 of con struction at various board of con trol institutions The remainder of the address was devoted to a review of the condition of the state and of Iowas coatrlbutiau to the war effort The condition of the state is good Wilson declared The machinery of state government is runningsmoothly and xiitli efficiency The stales finances are in better condition than ever before V f V CEILING IS SET GENERALLY AT MONDAY LEVEL Action Is Designed to Halt Further Sharp Advances in WASHINGTON The office of price administration Tuesday froze maximum corn prices on all exchanges and in every cash and local market over the country so as to maintain present favorable ratios between the price of corn on one hand and he price of live stock poultry and eggs on the other The action taken to halt fur ther sharp advances in corn prices was in the form of a temporary price ceiling effective immediately which will be fol lowed by a permanent price reg ulation which will not permit any increase in the general level of corn prices The maximum prices the OPA said will be generally those at which sales were made Monday Under the freeze of maximum prices however declines in mar ket prices could take place The OPA said that Stabilization Director James F Byrnes instruc ted it to apply the ceiling to corn previously uncontrolled at all lev els and that Secretary of Agricul ture Wickarci had approved the action Prices of com futures contracts and prices for cash corn in the recognized cash markets were frozen at the highest level of prices prevailing Monday Corn prices at the small local markets were frozen at the highestlevel ofprices prevail ing Jan 812 fenerally as of Monday Within the next 00 days OPA said it will issue a permanent price regulation on corn which will continue the levels frozen by Mondays action and will be based on SI a bushel for No 2 yellow a bushel for is always a matter of corn in Chicago controversy he continued but I a joint sta it is highly gratifying to note that the stale docs not impose any millagc lax upon real properly The stale property tax levy was cut from two mills to one in 1941 and removed entirely in 1042 The balance in the stale treasury nevertheless exceeded at the close of 1D42 ROUT NAZIS IN HILL POSITIONS Allied Warplanes Again Pound Port of Naples By the Associated Press Tank led British infantry in Tunisia were reported to have driven German forces from hill positions straddling an arterial roaO 11 miles south of McdjezEl which lies 35 miles below Tunis Frontline dispatches said the Germans apparently seeking to flank British vanguards at MedjexEIBnb pushed across the arterial road and occupied a hill and a farm Counterattacking British troops routed the Ger mans from the hill on Sunday nnd Monday pushed on to seize high ground on the eastern side of the highway A day of brisk battle left the allies and nazis facing each other across a narrow stony valley an Associated Press correspond ent at the front reported ALLIED AIRPLANES POUND ITALIAX PORT OF NAPLES Striking at both ends of iiazi occupicd Europe allied warplancs pounded the big Italian port of Naples in daylight Monday ami bombed the great Ruhr industrial valley in western Germany Mon day night It was the sixth assault on Ihc Ruhr in nine nights Coincidentally British head quarters disclosed that German planes as well as nazi antiair craft gun crews were now aidin in the defense of Italy reporting that a Messeischmitt 109 which attempted to intercept the raid on Naples was shot down An Italian communique said four attacking aircraft were shot down and asserted that only slight damage was inflicted communique listed 23 killed 75 injured in the raid tcmenl Stabiliza tion Director Byrnes Secretary and J K Galbraith OPA deputy administrator said present prices for corn cxcccd 100 per cent of parity taking into consideration the AAA payments made by department of agriculture Ccilinir price levels set in the temporary regulation Ihc state ment said wilt be continued in the later permanent order There definitely will be no increase in the general level of corn prices Only seed corn pop corn grain sorghums sweet corn broom corn and localfarmerlofarmer sales of corn were exempted from price control Agriculture department officials who would not be quoted said the ficeying was designed lo preserve a favorable ratio between Ihe prices of corn on the otic hand IIK hogs cattle milk poultry and eggs on the other Present ratios make U profitable lo feed corn lo livestock and poultry Officials said that com prices have been advancing in recent weeks due principally lo a sharp expansion in the production oC hogs and poultry and to prospects that com ami other feed reserves would be reduced considerably as a result of the consequent expan sion in the demand for corn f Corn prices advanced from an average of 76 cents lo 80 cenfs bushel at local markets between midXovcmbcr and midDecem ber It was necessary officials said to bring hc com price advance to a halt because livestock dairy ami poultry products are subject pncc eejijngs If corn prices were allowed to go much higher an official ex The and Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy narrow Tile government would have to raise ceilings on livestock dairy and poullry products in or der to maintain a favorable mar gin else many farmers would be come discouraged and reduce their produclion The government does not want to raise ceilings on live stock dairy tnd poultry It was emphasized at OPA that tne ceilings apply to all corn fu tures transactions on the grain exchanges in Chicago Kansas City and Minneapolis The price maximum also ap plies to cash corn dealings on these markets in addition to all other recognized cash markets including among others Omaha Sioux City St Louis Memphis Cairo and Pcoria III Cincinnati Buffalo San Francisco Indian ;