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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 12, 1940, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME A AR T 0F 5WA COMP IES ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL tEASES FIVE CENTS A Copy TUIM THE NfWSPAPfR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY BRIGHT SPOT MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JANUARY 12 1940 IUS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE j j j w AXAH x iwu ijcCTJClNS SECTION 83 HOUSE PASSES DEFENSE MEASURE HULL Probe Hull Reciprocal Trade Pact By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist CONGRESS gets off in 1940 to the accompaniment of a firstclass low over State Secretary Cordell Hulls reciprocal trade treaties The term re ciprocal trade treaties sounds a trifle uninter esting Maybe the a v e r a g e American isnt much thrilled by it Never theless Uncle Sams w h o 1 e tariff policy is involved in the fight And thats an issue which has been the essential dividing line between our two major parties ever siace weve been a republic The republicans or their party predecessors have been high pro tectionists The democrats have been low lariffites or outright least in theory some of them have inclined con siderably otherwise in actual practice Folk whose interests are direct ly affected by our tariff legislation dont need to be reminded how important it is However a lot of us are affected only INdirectly I suspect that the controversy bores us slightly Wed do well to pay some attention to it though in the long run the whole coun trys interests are vitally affected Hulls Program Im not sure that Secretary Hull is a 100 per cent free trader hes a very low tariffite anyway throughcongress a law permitting the statei department to make deals with foreign govern ments mutually cutting down tariff rates His department has been concluding these dickers ever since then as fast as possible The republicans want to stop it The democrats are split By good aighfs traditionally they should be sobdly proHull but theyre not A sizable bloc of them want to put strings on Cordell if not to handcuff him completely Just what arc the rival groups respective strengths the demo cratic split being considered is problematic The next two or three months will tell Incidentally President Roose velt is proHull A congressional investigation is starting The republicans called for it Instead of objecting Secre tary Hull said hed welcome an impartial inquiry being sure it would reveal the benefits of his reciprocal treaties supercon vincingly But he said he objected to a quiz dominated by a crew of high fnd against him regardless of the mer its of the case Probe Is Starting Well the investigations start ins H begins in the house ot repre sentatives because financial law making is the nub of it and the lower congressional chamber has initial authority over the senate on iiscal proportions The senate can speak later but the representa tives must speak first On such questions the represen tatives ways and means commit tee does the first inquisitorial work Congressman Robert L Dough ion of North Carolina is chairman of the committee Hes proHull The committees ranking republi can is Congressman Allen T Trcadway of Massachusetts Nat urally hes a Hull anti Since Dougbions democrats are in a big majority they should they stick together But will they Well know presently Then the rumpus will get into the senate Considering the Past Taking the rather recent past into consideration Secretary Hulls at an advantage President Herbert Hoover early in his white house experience called congress together to tinker with the necessarily to boost it but to equalize it What it did was to enact a schedule of thumping high impost SmootHawley 1 a w Depression presently followed It may have been only a coincidence but we Know what DID follow Subsequently Secretary Hull put across his tariff reduction business moderately has been improving Possibly thai was a coincidence also All ihe same its been a coincidence in Hulls favor Its an interesting investigation its a fair one Japanese Cabinet Members Forced MOVE BELIEVED RESULT OF U S COOL ATTITUDE Abes Plan to Reopen Yangtze Regarded as Trade Agreement Step TOtClO General Nobuyuki Abe was reported Fri day by Domei Japanese news agency to have announced his decision to resign at a special cabinet meeting next Sunday The cabinet was expected to resign in a body although a source close to the government said importance of American problems might be sufficient to cause reappointment of Foreign Minister Admiral KiehiSaburo Nomura whose efforts in that direction have been lauded Following the cabinet session Abe will proceed to the imperial palace it was said and report on his action to the emperor Informants close to the Japa 91 Miners Lose Lives in Explosion nese Dec government predicted on 20 that the Abe cabinet might fall if the United States did not react favorably to a Japa nese proposal for reopening of the lower Yangtze to third power trade Tlie Yangtze reopening plan was seen as an overture to the United States for a trade under standing after Jan 26 when the present commercial treaty ex pires as a result of Washing tons sixmonth notice of abro gation Abe was installed as premier Aug 30 last year There were indications that a slopgap cabinet would be chos en to succeed the Abegovern ment because of inability of the military and civilian factions to agree on a strong premier Gen Kuzishigc Ugaki con sidered by many as desirable choice was deemed unaccept able to the army and Prince Fumimaro Konoye a former premier was reported to have rejected overtures that lie take the post Looking with suspicion on the renewed United States navy pro posal to improve harbor facilities at Guam the Japanese saw it Friday as another link in a chain of unfriendly gestures toward their Asiatic aspirations Japanese naval officers who consider Guam as an extremely vulnerable American base never theless regard reappearance of the improvement question as a moral threat increasingly im portant to Japan because of the United S t a t es strengthened policy in the Pacific during the past year They admit privately that Japan had counted on having virtually a free hand in the western Pacific after 194G the date now set for Philippine in dependence In their view the international dateline is the natural boundary for the United States naval sphere of action Last year when the Guam post was a hot issue in the United States congress Admiral Mitsumpsa Yonai then minister of the navy and member of the Japanese now war council said Japan was not strat egically very deeply concerned He said Japan would feel sorry for the United States if it ij felt the need of establishing base so far from its own shores own dc WEATHER DROPS TO 3 BELOW Forecast of Rising Temperature Made by Iowa Weatherman DES MOINES mer cury dropped into the belowzero reaches in western Iowa again Friday hitting a minimum ot 13 below at Red Oak Thermometers stood at that mark there at 8 a m and were reported to be still dropping The weather bureau reported a 3below minimum at Iowa Falls Mason City Omaha but fore cast rising temperatures preceded by cloudy weather and snow Only precipitatiion in the ast 24 hours was a light snowfall at Keokuk and Dubuque the bureau said Fog and smoke obscured sever al Iowa cities Friday morning the bureau said but skies were clear elsewhere in the state The bureau warned shippers to protect for readings of from 5 to 15 degrees Friday nigh Thurs day s highest reading was 38 de grees at Keokuk Son of German Maker of Munitions Killed in Action as Flyer BERLIN Claus Krupp von Bohen und Halbach second son of the head of the great Krupp works munitions makers was killed in action Jan 10 his family announced Friday Claus 29 was an aviator i The Weather FORECAST IOWA Increasingcloudiness not so cold in central and west Friday night Saturday mostly cloudy followed by snow rising temperature 3t I N X E S O T A Increasing cloudiness not so cold in west and south Friday night Satur day mostly cloudy probably snow in south rising tcmpera IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures vr j PREMIER ABE vatiiti JiKurea for 24 hour period ending at 8 a m Friday Maximum Thursday Minimum in nijfht At 8 a m Friday Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 29 4 below 3 below Trace 30 25 Bodies Are Taken Out by Rescue Crews HARTLEY W Va With move than a score known dead the Pond Creek Pocahontas Coal corporation Friday virtually gave up hope for the survival of any of the 91 men trapped in Wednes days explosion in the Hartley No I mine Twentyfive bodies had been found and 66 still were missing hours after the blast ripped through the corridors GOO feet underground As rescue workers pressed their search for more vic tims the company issued this statement Anyone would have fo say hope is all but abandoned for any of the 91 men in the explo sion coming out alive A death toll of 91 would make the Hartley explosion the nations worst mine disaster since 105 were kilted in at Mather Pa f A blast that killed 3GI miners at Monongah W Va in 1907 holds the filltime record Rescue workers reported the men probably had been killed in stantly and saw little chance that miners in other entryways had escaped a similar fate Mine com pany officials and mine inspectors shared that belief a I am afraid that finding of the bodies means the other men in the mine also will be found dead said G J Stollings general mana ger of Pond Creek Pocahontas Coal corporation which operates the workings It look approximately 38 Iiours to tunnel through tons of slate rock and coal to where the 91 men were caught 600 feet underground by a blast mine inspectors said might have resulted when the miners cut into a gasfilled entry Forty seven diggers in 1hc eastern sec tion of the mine escaped Four bodies were recovered be fore rescuers reached the ex plosion scene Two of these vic tims were said by officials to ap parently have violated rules and started walking out of the mine after finishing work instead of waiting to be brought out 9 The explosion occurred less than an hour before the day shift was scheduled to go off duty Hope of findins some of the men alive brightened earlier Friday when weary workers finally druj into a right entry fmdimj dinner buckets and ma chines where an estimated 30 men had been working Belief was expressed that the men had made their way to another sec tion and successfully barricaded themselves aerainst gas but these hopes were later abandoned In some places there was hard ly enough room for one man to crawl between the roof and piled debris Above ground relatives of the entombed men huddled together in a cold drizzle watching gloomi ly as rescue crews changed shifts every four hours Many had clung to hope as the hours passed while veteran miners who have wit nessed such disasters feared the worst Actress Joan Bennett Wed to Walter Wanger PHOENIX Ariz Joan Bennett 29 motion picture actress and Walter Wanger 45 a pro ducer were married Friday by Justice of the Peace Harry West fall Witnesses were Margaret Ftlin ger who came here with the bride and bridegroom and Mildred Nilcs Wcstfalls clerk LOOK INSIDE FOR n NORMAN BAKER U S Prosecutes Former lowan on Fraud Charges PAGE 2 TELEPHONES OF HELSINKICUTBY RUSSIAN RAIDS Soviet Planes Drop Bombs in Vicinity of Finnish Capital HELSINKI war planes ranged over southern Fin land Friday afternoon interrupt ing Helsinkis foreign telephone connections by bombs dropped near the city No planes were seen over Helsinki hut the capital had its first air raid alarm of 1910 Slight vibrations were fell here and were believed due to bombs which the enemy raiders dropped on islands about 30 miles to the south H was reported that Turku port on the southwestern coast was raided during the alt crnoon but no details were avail able Helsinkis broken telephone communications are being rapidly repaired This dispatch is going by cable SOVIET TROOPS TRY TO CUT PATH TO SOUTH By THOMAS F HAWKINS WITH THE FINNISH ARCTIC ARMY Russian army put to rout on the central Finnish front is making a gigantic effort to cut a path southward from the Salla and Petsamo fronts in the Arctic The Soviets started a twin at fack Wednesday after bringing up artillery Fighting continued Friday An undisclosed village in the is the only northern position which the Soviets have been able to fortify strongly how ever A Finnish victory there would reestablish the frontier clear of any enemy forces south ward to below Suomussalmi in the waistline f Although the Russians have large forces in the Petsamo dis trict the Finns relied upon the in tensely cold weather with tem peratures 25 degrees below zero to prevent a decisive encounter before spring Guerilla warfare lias pre vailed in the Petsamo area thus far with sniping engagements between isolated units An 800mile tour southward from the Arctic circle across Fin land at the coast bottleneck to below Suomussalmi and back to the Arctic general headquarters provided ample indication that the strategy of Hie Finnish woodsman had proved successful One can drive for two hours and see no sign of any army until halted by a sentry who slips si lently out of the woods on skis Tlic headquarters of the cnlemcl of the Suomussalmi front was a plasterboard wig wam While only a few yards off the main highway it was completely hidden by a forest I crawled on my knees to enter before the colonel sitting on a red blanket thrown over the straw covered ground Beside him were a radio and field telephones Around a 10foot tree serving as a center pole hung the officers heavy coat Before a stove an at tendant crouched on his knees ladling thick pea soup into metal bowls In the darkness outside 1 could hear an occasional rifle shot or burst of hand grenades as pa trols scouted the woods for rem nants of the 4Uh soviet division reported virtually wiped out last week The Finns reported the 163rd division of trie reel army was virtually annihilated in an cn Ragement Dec 29 and 30 near Suomussalmi Where the Russians arc en deavoring to use trucks to pro vide supplies to their men the Finns are using light sledges Among nearly 400 Russian prisoners in one field prison many were wounded Several with severe head and chest wounds seemed likely to die One with a shattered leg gratefully accepted ointment from a newspaperman whom he mis took for a doctor Huge Plane Is Forced to Land on Ice MOLINE 111 inch ice and some dexterous piloting saved five passengers and a crew of three from possible death early Friday when a United Air Lines plane made a forced landing on a narrow stretch of the Rock river The plane with one of its two motors disabled slid across the ice and smashed into a concrete retaining wall on the river bank Four passengers and the two pilots sustained only minor in juries The 14passenger sleeper en from New York to San Fran cisco developed motor trouble about midnight while near Iowa City Iowa V Unwilling to risk a landing on the small Iowa City airport Chief Pilot Charles E Wheeler of Oak Park turned his craft about and backtracked to Moline 60 iniles away The plane overshot the Mo linc field just cleaicd a hill on the north end and then began to settle The lone functioning motor pulled the plane over the tops of trees and a concrete wall on the river bank before the craft mushed to Hie ice with less than a 300 yard run avail able Only the planes lights pierced the early morning darkness as the airliner skated across ice which a week ago was dangerously thin The crash into the opposite re taining wall tore away the righ wing and motor smashed the lef motor and the cockpit but left the fuselage undamaged Stewardess Mary Ann McLeprj of Oak Park III administered first aid to the injured passen gers until ambulances took them to a hospital It was her first ac cident in three years of flying Captain Whcelcr and CoPilot Toliu A Pennoyer of Chicago suffered only minor bruises and lacerations Passengers aboard the plane were Mrs James OKeefe 28 Chi cago Robert E Foreman a Brook lyn 700 Ocean avenue broker Walter R Kuhlman Stockton Cal W F Ransom Oak Park and Kai Niida Long Island N Y a representative of a Japanese Iirm Niida and Stewardess Mu Cleary were unhurt the others only slightly injured Another plane was dispatched from Chicago to permit passengers to resume their trip ALL IN A DAYS WORK NEW YORK Davis unemployed rushed up to Traffic Patrolman James P Horan and shouted in his ear Horan ran three blocks to Davis apartment shucking his coat on the way An ambulance surge arrived later to find most of the work done He said he couldnt have performed a better delivery himself Mason City Wins Mat Tussle With Clarion PAGP o Name Speakers for State Bureau Meeting PAGE 3 Appoints Duke Slater to Commerce Position SPRINGFIELD 111 UR Ap pointment of Fred W Duke Slater Chicago Negro former nll Aircrican football player of Iowa university ss assistant Illinois commerce commissioner was an1 nounccd Friday by Gov Henry Horner By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS re new scouting flights over Britain mines bombs col lisions swell marine casual tics royal air forte rccoii noiters over Gerniiiny li ER L 1 com mand reports four British vessels sunk in Thursdays aerial raids WITH THK FINNISH ARCTIC seek to drive southward from Arctic after eastern front reverses but Finns expect bitter cold to hold them in check shooters kill Russian para chutists Finnish advices report Danish volunteers join Finns ias k i n g Yugoslavias princeregent confer on Balkan issues TOKIO Cabinet plan ning to resign Sunday BEATEN 9350 Reject Motion Against Using Appropriation for Neutrality Zone WASHINGTON The house passed by an over whelming vote Friday a 611252 erneigency defense appropriation for use of the Uiny navy coast guard and Tederal bureau of investiga tion Before the final voice vote the louse rejected a motion by Rep Schafer RWis to send the bill back to the appropriations committee with instructions to write in a prohibition against using any of the funds for con struction maintenance or opera tion ot ships engaged in patrol of what he called the 300mile Welles neutrality zone Sumner Welles undersecre tary of state was instrumental in bringing about the PanAmericah agreement declaring the zone in existence There were only a few scat tered noes when the question was put on final passage and no roll call was demanded The meas ure now goes to the senate The bill represented Presi dent Roosevelts recommenda tion for emergency expendi tures far national defense and neutrality The money is for tho remainder of the current fiscal year which ends June 30 Before offering his recommits motion Schafer failed in an at tempt to amend the billdirectly so as io prohibit use mouejT for the neutrality patrol con tending it was established at the Panama conference in clear vio lation of both international and domestic Jaw An amendment by Rep Tabtr RN Y to reduce the armys fund for four months of winter maneuvers in the south from 518000000 to 59000000 was defeated 33 to 50 Taller arjtucil that two months was enough lie p Lambcrtson RKans sug gested that the gathering to gether of two army corps of troops as lie general staff pro poses would lead the Ameri can people to believe this conn try was preparing1 for war rath er tlian defense In a related field Admiral Harold R Stark told the house naval committee that if special legislation were found to be necessary the navy would ask congress for authority to build bigger cruisers than the present 10000 ton type President Roosevelt said at his press conference that he bad asked congressional leaders of botli parties to work out the prob lem of giving assistance to Fin land in its resistance to Russia He said it should be a nonparti san matter Secretary Wallace of the asricultnre department rallied to the side of Secretary Hull with testimony before the house ways and means commit tee in praise of Hulls recipro cal trade program Wallace said he knevr of no instance in which reductions on farm prod uct import duties bad serious ly inconvenienced agriculture Rep Gemhart RCal d i s inissed as just a theory Hulls contention that the American farmer would be much worse off without the program of interna tional concessions trade The house investigation of the labor board continued with Com mitteeman Routzohn ROhio raising the question whether the board juggled figures to get the labor elections it wanted A labor board attorney on the stand disputed this Climbing Climbing Foflow the surprising career of youngsters who travel the rocky road to fame PARADISE IS HERE by Alma Sioux Scarberry i Serial starting in this issue of the GlobeGazetre Jurn to i comic page ;