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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 12, 1933, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Edited for the Home THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XXXIX FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JANUARY 12 1933 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 83 Interests in Conflict Factories Opposing Imports Farmers Need Them By CHARLES P STEWART WASHINGTON Jan 12 CFA1 effort to reconcile the Inter eats of agriculture which needs im ports into the United States to bal ance its necessity for heavy for eign consump tion of its sur p 1 u a products and the interests of the manufac turers whose chief concern is to keep foreign goods out of America to pre serve their mo nopoly of the do mestic market is responsible for the a m a z i n f hodgepodge o selfcontradic tory farm relief measures pend ing now in con gress or consid ered and discard ed in the last decade Their essen tial weakness1 Senator remarks Senator Carter Glass William J Bu low of South Dakota is that they wont work at all or they aim to help agriculture at some other groups expense and this latter group naturally objecting defeats them King Admits Doubts Senator William H King of Utah frankly admits his doubts that there is any remedy short of a return to a more primitive state of society and a fresh reevolution tt THE CURTISASWELL forgotten The McNaryHaugen equalization passed by congress but vetoed by Presi dent Coolldga as uneconomic The debenture on as cer tain to force adoption of new forms pending now but of questionable constitutionality as many forms there i methodsof1inflating the CUT rency Numerous plane for refln Iirn o Pnro 9 Column 4 HERRING ASKS DRASTIC ECONOMY Hoover to Veto Philippines Bill AGREEMENT ON BEER BILL NEAR Senate Subcommittee Plans Vote on Revised Measure on Friday WASHINGTON Jan 12 The senate judiciary subcommittee considering changes in the house 32 per cent beer bill reported pro gress after a long session today and Chairman Blaine said it would be ready to vote on its revised meas ure tomorrow The committee Blaine said or dered another redraft of some ten tative provisions designed to re move all doubt as to the bills con stitutionality and all that remained to be acted upon was one alterna tive proposition It is merely a matter of being selective as to language and not any controversy In the committee the Wisconsin republican added The group was understood to be considering the application of pen alties for the manufacture of beer above a certain alcoholic percent age without endeavoring to define an intoxicating beverage Prohibition advocates have con tended tuch a definition would be unconstitutional HOUSE SLOWLY MOVES TOWARD FARM BILL VOTE Fixes Minimum Prices on Products Included in Relief Act WASHINGTON Jan 12 Re publican house leaders have been in formed that a message vetoing the Hare Philippine independence bill would be sent to congress today by President Hoover Both democratic and republican members were instructed by party leaders to bo present It was the plan of Speaker Gar ner to call for an immediate vots on whether the veto will be over ridden It requires a twothirds vote of both chambers to override a veto The house vote on passage last spring was 306 to 41 Set Initial Prices i Slow plodding through the com plex provisions of the emergency farm plan occupied the house as democratic leaders sought to hasten the bill to a final vote It took well over an hour from the opening gavel to adopt the first committee amendment which estab ishes an initial marketing period for the benefitted crops wheat cotton rice hogs dairy products and peanuts and fixes during the parted the following minimum prices which the pill seeks to guarantee ffier farmer a Bushel oa wheat and rice 9 cents a pound on cotton 5 cents a pound on hogs 3 cents a pound on peanuts and 26 cents a pound on butterfat Defined by Secretary This initial marketing period would precede the 193334 market ing year to be defined by the sec retary of agriculture The bill would not become effec tive on tobacco until after the be ginning of the 193334 year Despite prediction of an over whelming majority in favor of the bill on final passage foes of the measure were planning to attack its MUSIC LOVER DIES BETHLEHEM Pa Jan 52 J Fred Wolle whose organization of Bach music festivals made him nationally known in music circles died to day after 11 long illness He wns 69 years old tariff Snow provisions Representative R will offer an amendment to strike out the pro posed 5 cents a pound duty on jute Speaker Garner today said that judiciary committee McKeownLaguardia Promise to Leave IOWR DES MOINES Jan 12 their promise to leave Iowa W R Stoudt of Chicago and F C Howe of Beloit Wis slot machine sales men were released from county jail AUNT NET By RoberC Quillen J V I I reckon the happiest I j ever felt was the day I de j cided to quit strugglin an eat what I wanted regard less if the house reported the bankruptcy law revision bill at its meeting tomorrow the measure would be given early house consid eration Considered by Committee President Hoover advocated en actment of such legislation In a special message to congress yes terday It has been under consid eration by the judiciary commit tee for several months It is designed to enable individ uals corporations farmers and railroads to ease their debt pres sure One purpose is to help relieve the farm mortgage loan situation Garner said after congressional action on the bankruptcy law the democrats would determine whether additional farm mortgage legisla tion was to be had at this session The vice presidentelect said there was considerable support for the McKeownLaguardia proposal Chairman Sumners has called the judiciary committee to act on the measure tomorrow Hazleton Man Dies in Crash Near Oelwein OELWEIN Jan 12 Hillman 35 of Hazleton was killed early today in an automobile col lision His neck was broken Frank Aliano Oehvein Mrs Elsie Aliano and Mr and Mrs John Conn injured in the crash were taken to a hospital SubZero Weather in Minnesota Continues ST PAUL Jan 12 weather continued In much of Min nesota and North Dakota today with a minimum reading of 25 degrees below zero at Virginia Minn light snow fell in both states New Senator Sworn In WASHINGTON Jan 12 Richard B Russell Jr democrat was sworn in today as a senator from Georgia Senator Long on Third Day of Filibuster Talk of Debate Limit to Force Action on URGES AUDIT OF ALL COMPANIES SELLING STOCKS Drastic Laws to Protect Public Asked for in Senate Probe WASHINGTON Jan 12 yp Drastic legislation to require inde pendent audits of companies seeking to sell their securities to the public was recommended to the senate stock market Investigators today oy Frank Altschul chairman 01 the stock list committee of the New York stock exchange Called as a witness in the inquiry into the Kreuger and Toll financial collapse Altschul a tall thin faced banker readily agreed the exchange had been misled by the reputation of Swedens king Ivar Kreuger Apply Kule to All He said the exchange had made a rule since the Kreuger fiasco that securities would not be listed with out independent audits and that he personally favored applying the rule to all companies seeking pub lic funds including those already listed Earlier the committee was told by Dr Max Winkler New York eco nomist ana president the Ameri can council of foreign bondholders that Lee Higginson and company which marketed Kreuger and Toll securities in this country Will Rogers BEVERLY HILLS Cal Jan lets see what we can read in our dally paper and then agitate folks with Democrats in clash in senate Carter Glass and Huey Long fight over banks Get your sen ate gallery seats now for the next four years for there Is go ing to be fun and amusement for everybody bring the kiddie Arguing over banks I didnt know there was any left Debt issue flares up again in Paris It flared But it didnt flare up enough to do us any financial good Even at a French statesmans salary it will cost France more than 20 million a year just to argue over it Japan takes another hunk of China Thats a daily headline we dont pay any attention to any more Japans alibis are the most interesting and unique thing about that war Yours WILL ROGERS Copyreht 1933 McNaugM Syndlcalc Jan 12 Talk of invoking the drastic clo ture rule limiting debate was heard in the senate today as Senator Long D entered the third day of his filibuster against the Glass banking reform bill but indicatlona were there was not enough support to applythe rule Senator Gloss D author of the bill already had served no tice he would force a vote on the controversial branch banking pro visions by holding a night session in an effort to wear down the op position The cloture discussion had not reached the state where a petition was circulated for the required 16 signatures After such a petition a twothirds vote of the senate is required to invoke debate limita tion As he continued hia filibuster against the bill Long turned hU fire on Eugene Meyer governor of the federal reserve board He asserted that Meyer as chair man of the war finance corpora tion handled of gov ernment bonds through the Eugene Meyer bond house in New York in theteeth of the law allowing tnfeHOT5 collateral substituted for that upon Kreuger and Toll bonds were issued Duty of Distributors It is the duty of those who dis tributebonds to the public to see that when substitutions are made the substituted collateral is us sound as that taken away Winkler said In reply to questions in the stock market investigation They should have made it their business to get the information of the substitution The substitution was decribed as one which cost American investors around in decreased val ues of the bonds Military Leaders Study Terms of Peace in Jehol Japan Continues Advance as Planes Reconnoiter Over Province Capital I ttioAsswaswarrew Chinese and Japanese military leaders are reported to have met in the presence of British naval of NEW GOVERNOR URGES REVISION OF GOVERNMENT Calls for Halt in Abuses of Foreclosure Now Hitting Farmer TEXT ON PAGE IV DES MOINES Jan 12 Drastic reduction in governmental operating costs tax reduction and revision and complete reorganiza tion of the state government were recommended by Gov Clyde L Ker ring today in his Inaugural address to the Iowa legislature The new governor advocated leg islation to encourage full develop ment of farmer owned and con trolled marketing agencies a halt in the abuses of foreclosure and creation of new agencies for agricul tural credit as necessary to aid the farmer He asked ratification ot the lame duck amendment to the federal constitution and recommended leg islation for the nonpartlsan nomina tion and election of the judiciary in Iowa Praises Tax Committee Devoting considerably more than half of his message to a discussion of tax revision and reduction and of the necessity for governmental revision the governor praised the work of the legislative tax reduction committee and proposed that its work be continued by a new com mittee In the address before the join I session of the Iowa general assem bly he also recommended repeal o I mandatory road laws suggeate I that the legislature consider chang i Ing the law requiring penalties fo taxes aud the posa bile postponement Of tax Bales At tie outset of Ms message CALLS FOR ECONOMY at Shanhaikwan to discuss terms but meanwhile there DISTRESS CALL FROM STEAMER 254 Persons Aboard Russian Ship Off Northeast Coast of Siberia TOKIO Jan 12 Rengo Japanese news agency dispatch said the Ochiishi wireless station today received distress calls from the soviet steamer Sakhalin 3649 tons and with 254 Russians aboard It gave its position as 53 degrees north 146 degrees east in the sea of Okhotsk and east of the Island of Sakhalin on the northeast Si berian The Japanese government station at Ochilahi later tried to contact the Sakhalin but failed Therewere 200 passengers reported aboard the remainder being the crew Barlow 94 Pioneer of Winneshiek Buried DECORAH Jan services were held Tuesday for Ole H Barlow 94 of Calmar township who died of old age The services were conducted at the Union Prairie church with the Rev Paul Koren officiating Mr Barlow was born in Norway and came to America with his wife in 1872 and had been a resident of the county since LESS MONEY FOR ARMY ACTIVITIES Economy Drive Continues as Sharply Reduced Measure Reaches House WASHINGTON Jan 12 The continuing drive for economy brought to the house today from its appropriations committee a bill recommending 31584000 less to carry on the military activities of the war department next year than was allowed for this year The same measure also allowed less for nonmilitary work but much of this reduction was due to nonrecurring emergency construction authorized last ses sion and not continued in the new bill Individual Items As submitted to the house the bill would allow for military and for non military activities for the 1934 fiscal year This was an apparent reduction of from this year but of this was accounted for by nonrecurring emergency construction Amongthe principal items in the bill are for rivers and harbors maintenance work without specific allocations in the bill for Muscle shoals 000 for Mississippi river flood con trol not specifically allocated 106000 for the Panama canal 354000 for the reserve officers training corps for the national guard for West Point for the army air corps and for pay of the army No C M T C Fund Excluded from the bill was 000000 asked by the budget bur eau for continuation of military training camps The measure also would permit the national guard to motorize all field artillery regiments with light commercial vehicles continue the officer strength of the army at 12000 shorten the training period for members of the reserve officers training corps from 42 to 30 days and cut recruiting expenses in half ficers peace were indications that troop move ments were continuing in the north ern Chinese province of Jehol A Japanese advance on Ling yuan in southern Jehol about 100 miles from Shanhalkwan was said to be continuing and Japanese troop movements from Mukden to Chinchow In southern Manchuria also were reported From Chinchow dispatches de scribed tho Japanese movements as calculated to forestall the possibili ty of a Chinese offensive The Chinese force in Jehol was estimated at 130000 men including Chang HsiaoLiangs regulars and organizations of volunteers Japanese planes it was reported reconnoitered Jehol City the pro vincial capital and Chaoyang the next largest city near the Man churian border Chinese newspapers which re ported the sighting of the planes also announced receipt of dispatches from southern Jehol and Manchuria statingthat Japanese were engag ed in feverish preparations for an invasion of Jehol Military leaders predicted sharp fighting if a Jap anese expedition already in the an cient Chinese province continued an advance toward Lingyuan about 100 miles northeast of Jehol City SHELL SCARRED CITY By JAMES A MILLS Copyright 1933 Annotated SHANHATKWAN China Jan 11 Delayed in Peace hovers over this shell scarred wall city dividing Manchukuo and China it is a precarious peace apparently likely at any time to flare into war Seven days have passed since the Japanese troops drove the Chinese from tho ramparts of this section of the great wall of China nearest the sea but Marshal Chang Hsiao Liang the Japanese assert has thus far manifested no desire to settle the quarrel which almost threw China and Japan into large scale warfare Chang Is military com mander of North China Kemalns Paralyzed The city remained paralyzed to day only a small percentage of Shanhaikwans population having returned to their homes despite Japanese assurances there would be no more fighting Gen Yoshlmichi Suzuki com mander of the fourth brigade who hastened here from Suichung when the new conflict broke out was sit ting patiently in a freezing cold stone houee formerly occupied by Gen Ho ChuKuo the routed Chi nese commander of Shanhalkwan awaiting the arrival of Chinese peace negotiators The Chinese must make pro posals to we to them Gen Turn to 5 Colcurm 2 CLYDE L HERRING Economy Is Watchword of Herring Governor Herring said he had de parted from the accepted custom b not outlining his position upo every possible question which ma come before the legislature but tha he would submit further recommen dations as the session progresses Would Save Much Regarding reorganization of th state and local governments th governor said that before the end o he session the results of a surve and study of the structure of th Iowa state government would b aid before the legislature This survey he said will rccom mend a definite reorganization pro gram not only of the structure o the government as to its officla functions but also as to its flnancia setup Such reorganization he said would save tremendous sums fo the taxpayers of Iowa and jriv them a more efficient governmenl The conduct of public busines in Iowa is being carried on under system devised and adapted to the horseback and stage coach period he continued If the taxpayer is ever to get his dollars worth in service from his government this antiquated system must be com pletely overhauled and rebuilt In its place must be set up a compact and efficient method for handling public affairs Other states like wise burdened have in the past 12 years recognized the need for re duced cost of government and many of them have followed very closely the plan advocated In Iowa 12 years ago Should Ftx Responsibility Since the Civil war days there has been a constant growing tend ency to stop the executive of real authority and to distribute it in these various hoards and commis sions For 1Z years I have advo cated that most of these political boards and commissions should be in their place should be set up a businesslike form of state government with de partments of government under the elected officials handling the busi ness of the government Let us fix tho responsibility for the spending of the taxpayers money and re sults to be accomplished with its expenditure upon those elected of ficials who may each election day be held directly accountable to the electorate for honest and efficient government Let us avoid long term appoint ments which deprive the executive of actual authority over govern mental activities These boards are in truth a part of the executive de partment and the authority should be his Let us afloilsh a system which permits a board or depart ment of state government to col lect millions of dollars of revenue during a single blennlum spending it as It chooses without control by either the executive of the legisla ture and then holding the executive responsible for Its failures Lot us deposit with the state treasurer every penny of state revenue anc expend it only through appropria Turn to rage II Colwnn DES MOINES Jan 12 mmendationa and suggestions nade by Gov Clyde L Herring to day in his inaugural message to the legislature included 1 Complete reorganization of itate and local government 2 Drastic economy and reduction n the cost of state government 3 Complete revision of the entire taxing system 4 Continuance of the work of the interim tax committee 5 Repeal of laws modifying or impairing the effectiveness of re strictions on Indebtedness 6Repeal of mandatory tax laws rhanwoB in law requiring penalties on unpaid taxes and of postponement of tax sales 8 Legislation to encourage devel opment of farmer owned and con trolled marketing agencies 9 Adoption of banking laws and credit system adopted to business of farming and recognition of need of longer time loans to farmers 10 Equitable legislation to aid farmers in holding property pend ing national relief 11 Legislation to prevent abuse by junior mortgagees and lease hounds and opposing illegal or violent means 12 Tightening of gasoline tax laws and eliminating refunds 13 Ratification of lame duck amendment to the federal constitu tion 14 Legislation to bring Iowa borrower and Iowa lender together on terms of mutual welfare 15 Nonpartisan nomination and election of judges 26TH GOVERNOR OF IOWA TAKES OATH OF OFFICE Resolution Urges Naming Wallace Secretary of Agriculture DES MOINES Jan 12 twentysixth governor of Clyde L Herring of Des today was invested with the powers of the chief executive of the state at a solemn ceremony before a joint assembly of the state legislature The oath of office to the new democratic governor and his first Gov Nelson G Krnschel of admin istered by Chief Justice James W Klndlg of the Iowa supreme court Directly after taking the oath of office Governor Herring began his Inaugural address to an audience of legislators state officials and their friends and relatives Climax at Bull The colorful ceremony in the icmse chambers amid a setting of floral decorations furnished by statehouse greenhouses began a series of events which was to be climaxed tonight by the inaugural ball Shortly after 1 p m the lilting strains of martial music sounded in the legislative halls as the program was opened with pa concert by Bob McGrews orchestra With Matt D Cooney of Dubuyue president pro tempore of the senate presiding the convocation was called to order The invocation was given by the Rev Stoddard Lane pastor of Ply mouth Congregational church ot EIGHT PRISONERS BREAK FROM JAIL One of Fugitives Wanted in Illinois for Slaying of Policeman GASTONIA N Car Jan 12 T Williams wanted in Au rora III for slaying a policeman and George Martin one of his con federates in the recent Merchants and Farmers bank robbery at Stanly were among eight prison ers who escaped from the county jail here early today Federal authorities here said Williams was known in Aurora and other cities in all parts of the coun try where he has criminal records as William von Gundy Martin was said to be wanted in Los Angeles where he was said to have a long police record under the alias of Thomas Sharkcy The men and six prisoners held for lesiser crimes sawed their way out through the roof of their ceil block while officers were several miles away at the scene of an auto mobile theft which resulted In a chase and a wreck which proved fatal to Reid Davis the thief Tha governors party together with the party of the chief justice s seated In front to the right of the speakers stand Mrs Herrings party occupied seats to the left of the platform v In a reserved space to the left 3 number of benches held the mem bers of the democratic state central committee The press section was to the right of the speakers stand Tonight the ceremonies were to continue with EI reception in tlv governors chambers starting at 8 p m Gov and Mrs Herring will head the receiving line assisted by a committee of 62 persons including the new state officers their wives members of the supreme court and their wives several former gover nors and their wives and others prominent in state afafirs In Receiving Line Among those in the receiving line were to he Lieutenant Governor and Vfrs Kraschel Senator and Mrs Murphy former Gov and Mrs Dan W Turner former Gov ami Vtrs John Hammill former Gov nntl Mrs Nathan E Kendall forme ov and Mrs W L Harding for mer Gov and Mrs George Clarke former Gov and Mrs B F Carroll Representatives Fred Biermann Edward C Eicher Guy H Gillette Bernhard M Jacobsen and Otho D Wearin and their wives Chief Jus Lice and Mrs Kindig and Justices William D Evans Truman S Stev ens E G Albert and their wives and Justices Richard E Mitchell and Hubert Utterhack Following the reception dancing until midnight was to bring the in augural to a close on the first floor TtJrge Wallace Appointment A joint senate resolution was passed today authorizing the ap pointment of three senators and three representatives to draft a pe tition to PresidentElect Roosevelt requesting the appointment of Hen ry A Wallace Des Molncs farm editor as secretary of agriculture The committee is to be nonparti son and to draft Its resolution with in the near future Both branches also passed a sen ate joint resolution expressing their condolence to Mrs Calvin Cool idge McArthur on Committee Wallace has been prominently mentioned for the post of secretary Turn o IMO Column 4 Aged Davenport Man Found Victim of Gas DAVENPORT Jan 12 parently overcome by gas while he was repairing and cleaning burners on a gas range in the kitchen of nis home the body of George Mackey 70 who lived alone was found this morning when police who were called by neighbors entered the house They found Mackey on the floor with his head near n door leadingto a porch IOWA WEATHER Cloudy probably light snow and warmer In tho portion ThmtMlay night Friday partly LOCAL STATISTICS GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum Wednesday 10 Minimum In night At R a m ;