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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, January 11, 1955

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 11, 1955, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Doily Newspaper Edited fat to MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI NIW P It THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANS NIIGHIOftS HOME EDITION VOL LXI Prttc United Full LMM MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JANUARY II IfSS President Asks Congress Postal Rates Pay Hike Increases on First 3 Classes Cites Need of Action WASHINGTON Eisenhower Tuesday asked Con gress to hike postal rates and in crease the pay and benefits of fed eral workers at a cost to the gov ernment of more than 394 million dollars a year Eisenhower said in twin mes iages to Congress that the mail rate increase will be in the pub lic interest to assure efficient service of the Post Office Depart ment and the pay raise boost is essential to the further improve ment of the federal career serv In an effort to make the Post Office Department selfsupporting Eisenhower proposed that the postal rates on the first three classes of mail be increased He did hot spell out the actual pro posed increases He said the post master general soon will submit details to raise the rates to more reasonable Proposes Commission However the administration stand has been that three cent postage on outoftown mail should be increased to four cents and air mail upped from six to seven cents Included in Eisenhowers postal rate plan was a recommendation that the second class rate on news papers and magazines should be increased until such matter makes a fair and reasonable con tribution to postal The President recommended that the postal rate increases be re garded as tentative pending con gressional establishment of an in dependent commission which would have the authority to prescribe fu ture postal rate adjustments under broad policy guidance of Congress Eisenhower recommended what to an approximate 5 per cent pay raise for all federal civilian workers He said that for the classified or civil service em ployes this would add about 210 million dollars to the federal pay roll A comparable wage adjust ment in the postal service would cost about 120 million dollars He also recommended group health insurance benefits for ci vilian federal employes The gov ernment would contribute approx imately onethird of the cost The government contribution was esti mated at about 55 million dollars Million Affected Slightly less than one million people would be affected by the Presidents civil service pay in crease recommendation and about persons by his recommend ed postal service pay increase 1 Health insurance coverage would be extended to about two million federal employes Including thous ands of workers who are not classi fied and not part of the postal serv ice The postal service pay hike actually represented a payroll in crease of per cent However per cent of this represented the cost of adjusting current pay scale inequities Although he did not specify the postal rate increases he wants Eisenhower made these general comments about the various classes of mail First class mail The present three cent rate has not been in creaseO in almost a quarter of a a period during which the costs of other goods and serv ices have almost Second class mail The rates which apply to newspapers and magazines are clearly inade quate and should be increased until such matter makes a fair reasonable contribution to postal The increases to be proposed will be in two steps to ease the impact on publishers Third class mail Kates on this mail which consists largely of ad vertising matter are now sub stantially below the cost of provid ing this service and should be SAMt DATEW415 AP Wlrephoto m CLOTHING STILL firemen hurriedly attempt to give oxygen the body of Joseph Walsh 24 early Tuesday is carried from the flaming wreckage of his car his clothing still smouldering Walsh died a few minutes after a relative who was killed outright The accident happened near Dag Failed in Try to Free Airmen High Sources Say But Believe Door Open to Future Action UNITED NATIONS N Y UP placed diplomatic sources Tuesday said United Nations Sec retary General Dag Hammarskjold apparently has failed to win imme diate release for 11 American air men jailed on spy charges in Cem munist China But they said he has kept the door open for future negotiations which might win their freedom Hammarskjold himself disclosed nothing as he emerged from behind the Bamboo Curtain at Hong Kong although he was bombarded with questions by nearly 100 Western newsmen No Questions I dont think we should have any questions Hammarskjold said I cannot comment in substance on my But diplomatic sources in Lon don were less reticent They said frankly that the United Nations secretary general had failed to win release now for the Americans Their information apparently was based on a detailed report of Ham marskjolds weeklong series of conferences with Red Chinas Pre mier and Foreign Minister Chou EnLai received by the British Foreign Office from its charge daffaires in Peiping The Foreign Ofifce had no offi cial comment Door Open But diplomats in the know said the most encouraging fact to emerge from the Hammarskjold Chou talks was that the door re mains open to further negotiations Further talks may bring about the release of the American airmen whose detention has become an ex treme irritant in the tense rela tions between the United States and Red China Hammarskjold reached the bor der at on a train from Canton where he had landed at on a flight from Peiping M C Illingworth aide to the Brit ish governor of Hong Kong headed the delegation which greeted Ham marskjold at the border City Council Only Has Basketball in Mind IOWA CITY MVThe City Coun cil here planned to meet only one minute in regular session Monday night so members could get out to the IowaMichigan State basketball game They did better than that By dispensing with the reading of the minutes of the last meeting they were able to adjourn after 30 seconds Iowa won 9481 AP Wirephoto GRAZIANI DIES Marshal Ko dolfo Graziani Italian desert leader in World War II and an unrepentant Fascist died Tues day in a Rome clinic where he was to have undergone surgery He was 72 Case Fails in Try to Oust McCarthy WASHINGTON W Freshman Sen Case RNJ Tuesday made his promised move to try Sen McCarthy from the Senate Government Operations Commit tee He lost Case made the attempt with a motion in the Senate Republican Committee on Committees It was ruled out of order by Sen Bricker presiding and that was the end of it Case said he would not carry the fight to the Senate floor be cause to pursue the matter fur ther at this time would not be Nicaraguan Raiders Hit Costa Rica SAN JOSE Costa Rica dent Jose Figueres feuding with Nicaragua announced Tuesday a small rebel aerial force has taken Villa Queseda a Costa Rican vil lage 50 miles south of the Nicara guan frontier The president said the group probably got there by hopping into pastures in light planes Communi cations were reported cut with the village of It is about 50 miles north of this capital city Foreign Minister Mario Esquival declared a break in relations with Nicaragua seems imminent Rodolfo Quiros the Costa Rican chief of staff said he assumed there had been a fight between vol unteers at Villa Queseda and the rebel group presumably Nica raguans Costa Rica complained last week to the council of the Organization of American States in Washington that she is threateneed by invasion from Nicaragua her sister Centra American republic Monday the council decided to postpone any ac tion on the complaint and askec both countries to do nothing to ag gravate the difficulties between them Kossuth County Gets Car Theft Suspects MONTEZUMA UP Hig gins 18 and John P Lynch 16 both of St Paul Minn have been turned over to Kossuth County of ficials in connection with car thefts They were arrested last week near Grinnell Russians May Use Atoms to Blast Out Large Asian Sea LONDON are good inj dications that the Russians are go ing to use nuclear a scale unmatched in history to blast out a Central Asian sea that may change the weather of Eur ope Western diplomats have brought back reports from Moscow that the Russians are planning to create such a sea as part of a longterm program to change the physical surface of Siberia and the waste lands to the south The Soviet Council of Applied Sciences in Moscow has published an outline revealing plans that a vast area in Siberia would be irri gated and crisscrossed by a sys tern of canals and dams This said the Soviet experts would change the weather in Siberia making the winters and summers milder West era meteorologists say this prob ably would have a profound effec on the weather throughout Europe also making winters milder there Returning diplomats also report Soviet plans to divert two of Si berias big rivers the Ob and the Yenisei both of which flow north to the Arctic Sea They said Rus sian scientists have privately re pealed they hope to make these waterways flow southward forming a Central Asian sea Elthon Wants End to Budget Deficit Bill Would Put Limit on Speed Tate Among Its Sponsors By ED DE MAR DES MOINES Iowa Legislature was well into its second day Tuesday with the introduction of measures to establish a state highway speed limit and lower the legal voting age to 18 Both houses cleaned up routine business before going into joint session to hear Gov Leo Elthons State of the State address The speed limit would clamp a 65mileperhour daytime limit and a 55mileperhour nighttime top on Iowa motorists It would set a 40 mile per hour minimum speed for highway driving both day and night with violators as subject to arrest as speeders Tate Sponsor The measure was sponsored by Rep William Tate RMason Rep Gladys Nelson and Rep W R Christiansen R A law like this needs some teeth in Tate said but well go along with statutes giving judges the right to set Another early bill was a Senate resolution that would lower the legal voting age from 21 to 18 It was sponsored by Sen Ted D Clark Sen Jack Schroeder Sen Da vid 0 Shaff and Sen Robert R Rigler RNew Hamp The first of several reapportion ment resolutions which will be of fered this session was filed by Rep Henry Stevens It called for a 60 member Senate based on population and a 99 mem ber House of Representatives one member for each county The House currently has 108 members with nine of the most heavily popu lated counties entitled to two repre sentatives each Delayed The Senate is composed of 50 members picked largely on an area basis although the number of counties in various districts may vary No county may have more than one senator under pres ent law A similar resolution was intro duced by Stevens last session It passed the House only to die on the Senate calendar In the House it was indicated committee assignments will be held up at least until Monday Speaker Arthur Hanson RIn wood said he had not studied al requests Order Arrest of 13 Communists After New Ruling NEW YORK went out Tuesday for the arrest of 13 second string Communists sen tenced two years ago for teaching or advocating the overthrow of the U S government by force Federal Judge Irving R Kauf man issued warrants foe arrest oi the Reds Monday after the U S Supreme Court in Washington re fused to review their conviction Judge Kaufman ordered their bail of each revoked anc ruled that they must begin serving their sentences The 13 Communists were sen tenced on Jan to serve one to three years each and pay fines from to NICE BOSS SAC CITY WThe will of Mrs Grace Noble owner of a farm im plement firm leaves a year for life to two longtime employe and a year to six others Move Under Way to Back NIXON FOR56 WASHINGTON ft Vice Preiident Nixon target for much Democratic criticism Tuesday becked by Sen H Alexander Smith RNJ for second place on the Republican ticket in Smith who recently told New Jersey rally he is dedicating the next two years toward getting President Eisenhower renominated said in an interview he thinks Nixon deserves another term think Nixon i a fine upstanding young man who has done good job for the he said Whtif Nixon himself declined comment on recent Democratic at tacks on him GOP National Chairman Leonard W Hall said in a statement Monday night there It under way a highly organised campaign to besmirch the vice president of the United States The technique is to smear him by falsely accusing him of smearing oth Pranks Made Him Mad Enraged Student Fires Into Room One Killed SWARTHMORE Pa by pranks he said had been played on him a Swarthmore College student who planned to become a minister fired a rifle into a darkened dormitory room early Tuesday killing one of two students sleeping there Detectives said they were holding 22yearold Robert Becntel oi Pottslown a scholarship student for the slaying of Francis Strozicr 19 Akron Ohio All About I The Weather Mason City Light snow Iowa Snow colder Minnesota Snow colder FiveDay Iowa Temperatures average 25 degrees below normal Wednesday through Sunday Normal highs 25 north to 33 south normal lows 7 north to 14 south Turning colder Wednesday and Thurs day with slightly below nor malv temperatures remainder of period Precipitation will average 10 to 40 inches as snow Wednesday and occa sional period of light snow or snow flurries remainder of period Globe Gazette weather data up to 8 Tues day Maximum 25 Minimum 21 At 8 23 Precipitation trace YEAR AGO Maximum 19 Minimum SHOW TOKYO ROCKED TOKYO rolling earth quake lasting about one minute Tuesday shook Tokyos tallest of Detective Earl Allen said Bechtel would be charged with murder The other student asleep in the room Roger L Witt 19 Fanwood was not injured Bccbtel told police and Dean Everett L Hunt of the college thai as proctor in charge of the thirc floor of the dormitory he was the constant victim of practical jokes by his fellow students He told authorities that students had put paper in a baske and set it afire rolled a 16 pound shotput ball down a long hall to bang against his door set of acetylene bombs and firecrackers and dumped his bed into the hall This condition reached an in tolerable point It got to a poin where I regarded it as a persona matter I cant explain why I did it I bad a rage against them felt they were persecuting me he told police Bechtel who went to Pottstown high and then to a private prep school where he finished 14th in a class of a scholar ship to planning to become a Unitarian minister He was a member of the Students for Religious Understanding a campus group Police said that Bechtel had been discharged from the Air Force in 1953 after suffering a nervou breakdown when he had served i little longer than a month Authorities said Bechlel appar ently did not have any particular fice buildings resentment against Strozicr nor Witt per Governor in Annual Message Efficiency Is Prime Demand By WILLIAM L IBIRLINI DBS MOINES UBGov Leo El hon told the Legislature Tuesday the state faces a serious situation because of deficit spend ng and called upon the lawmak ers to balance the budget The governors an nual State of the State address was prepared for a joint session of the two houses of the Legislature Elthon said that in the last bl ennium state e x p e n ditures had exceeded revenue by some mil lion Deficit spending cannot h e declared E1 thon said the state must strive for greater effi ciency and to AP Wirrptioto ARSENAL FOUND IN Pa police look at weapons and ammunition found in the dormitory room of Robert Bcchtcl who is accused of slaying a fellow student as he slept ILTHOH eliminate over lapping and duplication in gov ernment But in the final analysis he said the Legislature has three courses open to it if it is to bring revenue into line with expenditures Three Courses He listed these as 1 We can decide to live within our present income This would mean an actual reduction in state expenditures and it would of course mean a reduction in the services of the 2 To collect sufficient revenue to meet current expenditures This would involve no expansion in state services but rather a hold theline policy for the collect more revenue and expand the services of the state ia the public Elthon prefaced his listing of the choices facing the Legislature with the observation that there has been a national trend toward greater dependency on govern ment and asked Are we having the same tend ency in Iowa to look to our state government for assistance when the individual might well take care of himself and be better off in the long run He added that more than 50 per cent of the general fund expendi tures are various aids to the coun ties cities school districts and in dividuals I raise this he said be cause it is the responsibility of the Legislature to adjust these policies in line with the common Some Meritorious If the Legislature decides to both increase state services and state revenue Elthon said certain ap propriations are I He mentioned as worthy of con sideration increases in financial support for state institutions of j higher learning state aid to public I schools and appropriations for the agricultural land tax credit law in order that all claims may be paid in Income sources the Legislature might tap for additional revenue Elthon said include Property tax But he said that in Iowa this is the sole support of many county city and local gov ernmental functions and amounted to more than 240 million dollars last year This the governor said was a 40 per cent increase over 1950 and was practically all local taxes He concluded that In my opinion the property tax is an in equitable method of raising addi tional Corporation income tax boosr which now produces about two mil lion dollars a year A major in crease in the tax rate would be necessary in order to bring ia any ;