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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 11, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AN E ART HIV I HE 3 I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY 11 1943 F R ASKS 109 BILLION BUDGET to High Court A X i BYRNES TO BE SUCCEEDED BY FORMER IOWAN Brown Named Price Chief and Flynn as Minister to Australia WASHINGTON Roosevelt sent to the senate Mon day the nominations of Wiley B Rutledge associatejustice of the United States court of appeals for the District of Columbia to be an associate justice of the supreme court and of Prentiss M Brown former Michigan senator to be price administrator The chief executive also nominated Edward J Flynn chairman of the democratic na tional committee to be minister to Australia succeeding Nelson Johnson who is retiring from the diplomatic service Josh Lee former senator from Oklahoma was nominated to membership on the civil aero nautics board The 48 year old Rutledge for mer dean of the law school at the University of Iowa will take the place vacated on the supreme court bench when James F Byrnes was appointed economic stabilization director BrBwn will replace Leon Hen derspn who announced several weeks ago he wasresigning be cause oE a back ailment and poor eyesight Henderson Agreed to serve until his successor could take over Brown a former house mem ber from Michigan before Koine lo the senate was defeated for reelection in November as was Lee Flynn in addition to serving as minister io Australia will be the personal representative of the president with the rank of am bassador in the southwest Pacific area He has called a meeting of the democratic national commit tee for next Mondayto act on his resignation and choose a successor General Walker who previously was national chairman is expected by some persons to get the job Immediate favorable reaction indicated the senate would yive speedy approval to the appoint ment of Judge Rutledge The presidents selection of Brown appeared likely to be ap proved also although farm bloc members said Brown might be questioned about his views on agricultural price ceilings Senator Moore new republican senator from Oklahoma hns an nounced lie would fiyht aaainst conlirmation of Josh Leo his de feated democratic opponent to the civil aeronautics board Senator Bridges R N H told the senate that President Roose velts appointment of Edward J Flynn retiring democratic na tional chairman as minister to Australia is an insult to the peo ple of that great nation Despite the republicanopposi tion democratic leaders said they were certain Flynn would be con firmed as minister to Australia and roving ambassador for the prcci dent Served SUI as Law Dean for 4 Years IOWA CITY Blount Rutledge Jr nominated Monday as associate justice of the United Stales supreme court is known to his friends as a man whose home is open alike to a janitor or the governor of a perhaps even a president JSarnest believer in a democracy that changes with the times the 48 year old jurist who has been on the District of Columbia court of appeals since 1939 likes to fish and walk and mow his own lawn While he was dean of the State University of Iowa law school lie lived in a modest rented house and wore inexpensive ready made clothes His wide range of friends included laborers wait ers governors artists and mu sicians while students never found him too busy to help them son of a south ern Baptist preacher Rutledge hESi lived in Tennessee Wisconsin Indiana New Mexico Colorado Missouri and Iowa Although he spent only four years here as dean Iowa claims him now and his legal address is still 122 East Church street Iowa City Professionally a jurist his friends and former students mark him as first of all a humanist whoseof what good is the law of it does not serve human him into intensive studies of the so cial and economic aspects of his profession Democracy is a perpetual com promise he lias said What men lose today as indi viduals they gain tomorrow as groups Thus democracy fills to morrow with opportunities just as glorious as it gave us yesterday Its work is never finished The jurist Ions has main tained that the general welfare clause of the constitution justi fies a broader conception of the powers of the federal govern ment w Rutledge isnt above reversing his own decisions In college he became engrossed in the study of Greek and had a zealous admiration for his profes sor When the professor quit one clay the school hired a young girl just out of Annabel Person of Howell Mich to take over the class Rutledge took one look and decided she never could take the place his old beloved professor Rutledge reversed himself on that decision He married Miss Person in 1917 While teaching in Indiana the new nominee received one the hardest blows of his life A phy sician examined him and said My boy youve got tuberculosis Rutledge went west recalls he made the necessary adjustments and won the fight Then he mar ried the Greek teacher supported them by teaching and went on to get his law degree Only one other lowan has sat on the supreme court He was Samuel Freeman Miller appoint ed by President Lincoln He served from 1862 to 1890 13 TOWNS ARE TAKEN IN RED CAUCASUSPUSH Russians Report 3 to 1 Ratio of Air Victories Over Nazi Aircraft By JAMES M LONG Associated Press War Editor The Russians announced Mon day the recapture of 13 more towns along the RostovBaku railway through the Caucasus as they closed in tighter around the Georgievsk rail junction where the nazis had been rolled back some 75 miles from Mozdok gate way to the Grozny oilfields The German defenses in the Caucasus apparently were crumbling fast and although desperation stiffened the nazi stand in the lower Don 60 miles from Rostov and on the central front west of Velikie Luki there was no sign that the Russian drive had bogged down With Germanys air power spread ever thinner by the broad ening scope of alliedaerial of fensives the Russians once badly outnumbered in the air reported a threetoone ratio of victories last planesde stroyed against a lossof 93 soviet aircraft American and British war planes carried the fight to the enemy both in Europe and in North Africa A Reuters correspondent re ported from allied headquarters in North Africa that German headquarters at Kairouan in the central Tunisian battlczone were demolished Sunday by a bomb dropped squarely upon the building by Maj Philip G Cochran of Erie Fa B26 Martin marauders es corted by P38 Lockheed light nings swept into Libya from the west for the first time Saturday night smashing hangars at an airdrome 10 miles west of Trip oli That same night allied planes from the east swept over the same coastal region bombing the road from Tripoli to the Tunisian frontier The port of Tunis nnd axis air bases on Sicily were at tacked Sunday night Big British bombers perhaps 140 to 150 strong set off fires visible 100 miles in a hard new raid Saturday night oil Essen home of the giant Krujip arma ment works It was the fifth raid on the industrial Kulir re gion in seven nights Report Concentration of Ships at Gibraltar LONDON Paris radio quoted a message from La Linea Spain Monday as saying another I concentrnticn of allied shipping was evident at Gibraltar It re porled that 30 freighters and nu merous warships including two aircraft carriers were anchored off the British fortress Reno Foils Mason Cityaii in N Africa RENO Nev Jeanne Scroggy 23 of Sacramento Cal learned with regret Saturday that Nevadas liberal laws were not elastic enough to let her marry her soldiersweetheart in Africa by cable She considers herself already hallmarried to him because she received from him at Algiers a cable saying he takes her as his lawful wedded wife She gave his name as Izzy J Tamres of Mason City Before his induction into the service Tamres owned an auto parts store in Mason City He is the son of Harry Tamres of Mason City She cabled that she would keep trying to complete her end of the marriage after Nevada officials de clined to issue a license saying Nevada law required both persons shall declare their intentions in the presence of a judge or minis ter and witnesses Miss Scroggy formerly of Waterloo met Tamres while he was stationed at McClelland field in Sacramento They planned to be married last May 3 Then Tamres was suddenly shipped out Last Dec 23 she received a cable from Algiers which said Darling will you mairyme by Izzy J Tamres take you Jeanne Scroggy to be my lawful wfedded take out a license and send back a cable exactly as I cabled you All my love forever Attested by Herbert Wolfe Chaplain U S A SGT IZZY TAMKES WILEY RUTLEDGE supreme court PRENTISS BROWN administrator EDWARD J Minister Iowa Boy Is Fatally Injured While Coasting FORT DODGE in quest will be held into the coast ing accident in which a Lehigh boy was fatally injured and n companion suffered a fractured skull Dr A L Lundgrcn Web ster counly coroner said Mon day Jackie Dale 16 died in Mercy hospital here a few hours after the accident Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Warmer Monday afternoon not much change in temperature Monday night and Tuesday forenoon lowest Mon day IS Monday night and continued cold Tuesday fore noon fresh to moderately strong winds MINNESOTA Colder Monday night and continued cold Tues day forenoon fresh to strong winds diminishing late Monday night and Tuesday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 25 Minimum Sunday night 20 At 8 a m Monday 20 YEAR AGO Maximum 20 Minimum The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 34 Minimum Saturday night 20 At 8 a m Sunday 20 5 GAVELS FALL IN LEGISLATURE AS SESSION OPENS Iowa Assembly Quickly Completes Organization for Wartime Meeting DES MOINES 50th general assembly convened at 1001 a m Monday first legisla ture to convene in the state under full wartime conditions since the Civil war X Although it apparently was not by prearrangemcnt the cavcls fell simultaneously in both the house and senate to start what may be a historic session of the legislative body The house was called to order by Ted Sloane of Des Moines in accordance with tradition that the oldest representative from Polk county perform On the motion of Representa tive Harry E Weichman R A C Gustafson veteran chief clerk of the house was nominated for that post in the cur rent session He was elected by acclamation within five minutes after the session had opened J Albert Steinberg of Ames re publican floor leader nominated J R Hall republican of to be temporary speaker and he also was elected by acclamation During the Civil war there was one regular and special ses sions while during the Spanish and World wars the legislature was in session when they were declared but adjourned within a few days and did not meet again until after peace was made There were no contest petitions on file in the house at the open jng of the session and the recom mendation of the credentials committee that all members elect ed in the November election be seated was unanimously approved All representatives then took the oath en masse before the clerks bench The harmony that was evi denced at the opening of the house meeting was displayed in the election oC Henry W Burma RAlIison as speaker He was nominated by C A Bryson R Ipwa William Kruse R Charles City seconded thenom Jnation and W J Johannes D Ashton then rose to pay tribute to Burma and urge his unanimous election us a demonstration of unity and the eagerness of the legislators to get immediately lo work on awartime program Burmas election by acclamation followed On motion of Earl C Fisti baugh Jr R A IT Avery R was elected speaker pro tern Only about SO spectators were in the house when the session was called to order most of them beine wives and friends of the lawmakers There were no floral deeorations but the speakers rostrum was decorated wilh evercreen spray in the form of a large V American ilacs were placed every foot throughout the decoration The senate convened mean while on the other side of the siatciiouse with only one member absent He was D D Fuller n who was expected to arrive later in the day Moorhead Blacked Out as Utilities Employes Go on Strike MOORHEAD Minn city of nearly 10000 was without electric or water service Monday as employes of the cityowned water and light plant walked out on strike to enforce a demand for wage increases and adjustment of hours Householders awakened to find their lights would not work that there was no water and oil burners automatic stokers and refrigerators were not operating P V V if if J J EXPENDITURES WASHINGTON the money is going The estimates of federal expenditures for the 1944 fiscal year in the budget Legislative Judiciary Off of president Civil service K R Retirement Selective service 1 Maritime Comm Veterans Admn Other independt Total independent establishments Federal security agency works agcy Nail housing agcy Dept agriculture Dept of commerce Dept of interior Dept ot justice Dept oC labor Navy department Postoflice Dept of state Estimated Fiscal Estimated Fiscal Tear 1944 Year 1913 27455600 5 27042300 S 12663300 12118100 INDEPENDENT ESTABLISHMENTS 2524865390 192623500 278900000 1300000000 879360000 87071000 5262819890 S 717749700 234568000 1J1385000 2352164558 214583000 37505875 106165000 24292200 22000000000 2 35415600 123979000 229232000 2000000000 613806000 94I79563S S 4670498698 81U393300 2814594558 308578600 120232420 93197000 25174134 17500000000 3789712 36544600 Actual Fiscal Year 1942 2726897310 1153773682 11429528507 15488566766 3294330450 92945109214 55188518765 6095360256 S 213743837071 95128775536 101573001827 31454525267 188381853450 17953576785 8105111621 8183207913 2377741863 857958897568 1772977485 3007642978 TREASXJUY DEPARTMENT Adm and option 243744000 3000000000 185D000000 l2Doo8533o4B Statutory Public Debt Retirement 5000000 5000000 9472230000 Total Treasury 3605113543 236589677520 WAR DEPARTalEXT Military 543961750400 Corps of Engineers 35925500 48406 900 Panama Canal 27503200 82895400 Total War Dept 093 052 70b Gen P W Program 354612300 57fi752350 District of Columbia 6000000 0000000 Adjustment Total Reg Items 597115924923 51406995801459 2960797668 6504838508 51416461437035 61966188005 576207327915 SUPPLEMENTAL ITEMS National Defense 4100000000 Regular 13000000 130000000 Total Supplemental 7013000000 4230000 000 Grand Total 5104128924923 53249130739769 appropriations and expenditures included under ex ecutive office of the president surplus for 1944 of purchases by procurement division under Icnd lease program of credits Deduct RECEIPTS WASHINGTON the money is coming from the statement of anticipated federal revenues given in the budget for the fiscal year 1944 NOTE This revenue statement isbased on present tnx lawsit does not fake into account the administration proposal for obtaininc 516000000000 in additional funds through nexv legislation Estimated Fiscal Estimated Fiscal Actual Fiscal Year 1944 Year 1943 Year 1912 DIRECT TAXES ON INDIVIDUALS Income tax Victory tux Estate tax Gift tax 510286300000 609300000 54500000 5 7202500000 534000000 500000000 41400000 8338500000 S 369534067795 Totnl direct taxes on individuals 513750600000 DIRECT TAXES OX CORPORATIONS Income tax S 4195000000 Excessprofits tax x 10270000000 Declared value excessprof tax Capitalstock tax Total directtaxes on corporations 326280038936 34032290508 9221738301 300000 OOu 5 4015000000 85000000 300000000 306927054087 161818895087 5221908902 23190013489 50257871ja5 Unjust enrich ment tax Liquor taxes Tobacco taxes Stamp taxes excise taxes Retailers excise taxes Misc excises Total excise taxes EXCISE TAXES 3000000 1486500000 948230000 41950000 395800000 137000000 902900000 4000000 1376200000 919830000 40800000 468380000 143400000 725500000 S 3915380000 3678110000 EMPLOYMENT TAXES Taxes on Employment by other th carcrs 51555800000 Federal Insurance contributions act 1555300000 Fed Unem Tax Act 170600000 Total S 1720400001 rax on Car Emp 244500000 Rft Uncm Ins Act 11300000 Total Emp Taxes 1982200000 Customs 204300000 Misccllan Recpts 639215000 Total S35406695000 Less Adj to Daily Trsy Statement Basis Total Receipts 535406695000 440176786 104591461399 78078716421 4170216492 76826240497 80IG71244G 40539599484 312763123525 5 1105000000 89501383882 1105000000 1252300000 209200JOOO 10200000 1472300000 252600000 740715000 Net Appro for Fed OldAge and Surv In Tr Fd 1525450000 Pwar Cred for ExPrf Tax and V tax 800000000 Net Recpts Gen and Special Accts shown arc ne current use 1076180000 500000000 1I99H14GO S 847221210 119404688842 i 2773762U734 51366791482384 86885320282 522976075000 512799061 621 0 Ot postwar claimed for Believe lowan Perished Crossing Frozen River GALENA 111 expressed belief Monday that George Lincnfelscr 75 wealthy j river some of Bellevue Jowa farmer missuig 1 mer houses since Jan 2 perished while cross ing the frozen Mississippi river on foot However Sheriff Leland E Lloyd of Jo Davicss county held out the slender hope that the aged man may have found haven on one of many tiny islands in the NEW TAXES AND FORCED SAVING PLANPROPOSED Maximum Effort for Waging War Dwarfs Anything in History WASHINGTON President Roosevelt laid be fore congress Monday a 000000000 war budget to speed the day of victory and to help raise this record sum he asked for in additional taxes or com pulsory savings Altogether Sir Roosevelt estimated government spending in the fiscal year beginning July 1 at 000000000 and he said in a message to the law makers this budget rep resents the maximum pro gram for waging The new lax program he suggested included a limit on the income of any one after payment of taxes regardless of the source of his income The budge vvhicli estimates spending for the 12 months begin ning July 1 not only dwarfed anything in the history books it represented more than the an nual money expenditures ot all the other belligerents on both sicies of the war put together U was nearly three times what Germany is spending four times fcnglancl and 14 times Japan In he current fiscal year Americas war cost was estimated uy Mr Roosevelt at about S77 000000000 Add to that another S 19000000000 spent between Pearl Harbor and the beginning of the current year and the American war bill between Dec 7 19tt ind June 30 wili be 51000 000000 short of all the money spent by the treasury from the day Oeorge Washington was inaugu rated in 1789 until the Japs at tacked about a year ago Some persons may believe dial such a program is fan tastic commented Ihe com mamlerinchicf If the na tions manpower ami resources arc fully harnessed I am con fident that the objective of this program can he reached but it rcciuircs a complete recognition of the necessities of total war by labor far mers consumers and public of party Tie did not translate his finan cial estimates into planes and tanks and do so he said would merely help the enemy Bui he save his breakdown of the general war program In billions of fucal Vr Fiscal IT fploncs ships Runs clc in Payrolls travel etc l 31 Industry construction K z Cnmn other ronslr n 5 Lcndlcisc food miscJ ij Totals 77 too Emphasizing that his figure meant weapons not coins and that the axis could not ba swamped by money the presi dent ciiutioneci Victory cannot be bought with any amount of money however large victory is achieved by the blood of soldiers the sweat at working men and women and the sacrifice of all people To farmers he assigned the task of feeding the united na tions for food is a primary weapon of war and he bud geted 5817000000 for federal farm aids calculated among other things to divert agricul tural acres from luxury foods to nutrition essentials f Besides taxes and war bonds ahead for the civilian the presi dent said unnecessary costs and frills should be eliminated Total war demands simplification ot American life We fill out forms carry coupons answer questionnaires We regulate prices wages salaries and rent wo limit consumer credit we al locate scarce materials and we ration scarce consumer to the end of providing the ma terials of war and distributing the sacrifices generally Mr Roosevelt said both he and Budget Director Harold D Smith ;