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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 11, 1936, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP MARLON C UEM ft urn DEPT OF IQftA MOINES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLII FIVE CENTS A COPT ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED W1BE SERVICE MASON CITY IQWA SATURDAY JANUARY 11 1936 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONK NO 82 See Insult to Congress Critics Continue to Rap Time Change on Message By CHARLES P STEWART ASHINGTON Jan 11 President Roose velts selection of 9 p m rather than noon as the hour for delivery of his recent mes sage to congress has been the sub ject of a deal more comment than one might think the issues importance should justify Nevertheless many of the law makers not only republicans but some democrats are considerably wrought up over it on the ground that the president succeeded in transforming the so called congressional message into a political address to the whole pub lic which the faultfinders contend was an act of executive contempt of their branch of the government It remains to be seen whether or not the nations home folk sympa thize with the legislators feelings in the matter Reason No Secret To be sure the solons on capitol hill are quite right in their assertion S that noon always has been the tradi tional time for the president to ap pear before them or send his mes sage to be read for him President Wilson indeed visited them at mid night just before they voted Uncle Sam upon his recommendation into the last world conflict but that 1 exception was explained as necessi i tated by a redhot war emergency L situation I President Roosevelt chose nine in the evening instead of noon or mid night for an entirely different and P perfectly obvious reason He wanted a maximum number of i radio iisteners in addition to his E lacetofacecaudience of senators JfSi the small gatlieririinthe galleries This isnt disputed at the white house The Ideal Time But what of it Why wasnt the chief executive 1 entitled to wish for as many hearers as possible V The answer according to his critics is that when a president addresses congress he Ought to address congress in particular not the entire country with the law makers serving as a mere back ground for the performance Of course the country always has had an opportunity to study past presidential messages the news papers have printed them after de livery But a presidential message six or seven columns in length is pretty tiresome reading in a news paper The average voter is dis couraged even by the looks of such a mass of solid type At best he skims it and President Roosevelt is a good enough publicity man to know it Busy or Eating The average voter however though he wont carefully read through a presidential message will listen to it if its snappy and conveniently timed for him Noon isnt ideal for him hes busy then or eating He wont sit up until midnight But 9 p m The dishes washed Too early for bed The whole family gathered around the radio Oh the presidents choice was 100 per cent correct from a press agents standpoint Yet certainly it did subordinate congress to his political advantage Turn 10 Fftee 1 Column 6 FORECAST IOWA Mostly cloudy Saturday night and Sunday snow possible In west portion Sunday after noon Colder in northeast and east central portions Saturday night somewhat warmer in extreme west Sunday MINNESOTA Mostly cloudy Saturday night and Sunday snow in Hest portion Sunday severe cold in northeast and mod erate cold wave in southeast por tion Saturday night rising tem perature in extreme west Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at S oclock Saturday morning Maximum Friday SO Minimum in Night 20 At 8 A M Saturday 23 Precipitation Trace of Mist WEEKLY FORECAST CHICAGO Jan 11 weather outlook for the period of Jan 13 to 18 For the upper Mississippi and lower Missouri valleys Precipita tion Monday and again Thursday and Friday rising temperature in north Monday colder Tuesday ris DELAY OF EXECUTION EXPECTED Frame Broad Policies of Farm Program LEGISLATION TO BE IT SMITH ASSERTS Production Control Soil Conservation Cash Payments Seen WASHINGTON Jan 11 Actual farming of broad policies to guide a new farm program began today in a meeting of new deal and farm leaders Secretary Wallace Chester C Davis who administered the AAA Chairman Smith DSC of the sen ate argriculture committee and Chairman Jones DTex of the house agriculture committee drew chairs up to a conference table with a committee of 13 representing the approximately 300 farm leaders summoned to advise the new deal on an AAA substitute The conference lasted an hour Upon leaving Smith told newsmen the next farm legislation in my opinion will be permanent and not of an emergency type Smith and others attending declined to elabor ate on the discussion Expected to Report The farmers committee was ex pected to report to the full con ference of 100 farm leaders later today It was understood the committee report would include only the prin ciples deemed necessary for a new farm program and not a detailed draft of legislation On arrival at the downtown hotel where the committee was in session Jones told newsmen neither he nor any members of his committee had seen any of the preliminary recom mendations of the farm group nan Cash Payments It was reported authoritatively that the farm committee had reach ed an agreement on a program in volving the principles of soil con servation production control and cash payments of some form to the farmers The farmers committee worked behind closed doors It was disclosed that both Wal lace and Davis had conferred with the group for a few minutes earlier in the day Groups of farmers their serious faces a sharp contrast to the jovial backslapping atmosphere surround ing yesterdays meeting stood about in the hotel lobby all apparently ailing to learn what program would succeed AAA IOWA WEEKEND WILL BE CLOUDY Predict Some Snow About Normal Temperatures For Sunday DES MOINES Jan 11 lowans can expect a cloudy week end some snow and about normal temperatures the weatherman pre dicted today He forecast a low of 5 above zero for northeast Iowa tonight 10 in the southeast 11 in the northwest and 15 in the southwest The low temperature reported last night was 20 at Charles City and Sioux City The snow he said probably will fall in western Iowa tomorrow af ternoon Earth Shock Felt at Great Falls Montana GREAT FALLS Mont Jan 11 earth shock described as hard and accompanied by a rum ble was felt in Great Falls at a m today At Helena Montana capital about 100 miles south there was no shock the weather bureau there reported Patrolman Slain in Chase After Suspect DETROIT Jan 11 man James E Harrelson 35 was shot and killed early today while chasing a robbery suspect with a fellow officer Crit Howard Inspec tor John I Navarre said Barrel ing temperature Wednesday and j son apparently was shot in the back Thursday colder Saturday I accidentally by Howard Recapture of Makale by Ethiopians Is Reported Victories on Front Claimed by Italians BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The recapture of the important town of Makale by the Ethiopians was unconfirmedly rumored in Ad dis Ababa Saturday but govern ment officials said they had no knowledge of it Makale has been held by the Ital ians since the completion of their second major offensive in northern Ethiopia A communique issued from Italian headquarters at or near Makale said the Ethiopians had suffered heavy losses and had fled to the mountains when they were trapped by an Ital ian flank movement south of Ma kale At Rome the government claimed a victory in which the Ethiopians suffered heavily at the confluence of the Gabat and Gheva rivers Ital ian infantry artillery and planes were reported to have united in the engagement in which three Italian officers and three native soldiers were killed and five natives wounded The Italian government announced 521 native soldiers had been killed in the Ethiopian fighting between Oct 3 and Dec 31 The meeting of the fascist grand council scheduled for Jan 18 was postponed until Feb 1 without ex planation Lower Retail Food Prices Result From AAA Court Ruling CHICAGO Jan 11 and Mrs Ultimate Consumer apparently got a break too in lower retail food prices which dealers attributed in many cases to the recent supreme court decision holding the AAA un constitutional A survey of retail trade channels today showed pork and flour leading the list of cheaper food staples in Chicago Similar cost declines were reported from other urban centers where reports showed lower whole sale prices in staple lines City and urban butchers reduced most pork cuts as much as two cents a pound in line with lower wholesale quotations since the courts decision Monday Have You Read Your Newspaper 1 What new deal agency was declared unconstitutional by the supreme court the past week 2 What noted banker was questioned by the senate muni tions committee 3 What hero of the silent films died 4 What was the occasion of President Roosevelts speech of Wednesday night 5 What name was signed to a letter received by the governor of New Jersey declaring Bruno Rich ard Hauptmann innocent 6 Who were the two Iowa rep resentatives who voted against the cash bonus bill in the house 7 Where will the democratic national convention be held 8 Who is Arthur J Hepburn 9 Who were Milton Peterson and Martin Dalen of Calmar 10 What did Dr John L Hill man do ANSWERS ON PAGE 2 Day in Congress By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Senate In recess Leaders confer on bonus House In recess Appropriations sub committees continue sessions FRIDAY Senate In recess Munitions committee continued war loan hearings For eign relations committee con tinued hearings on neutrality legislation Hmisn Passed veterans bonus bill Foreign affairs committee con tinued neutrality study lowan Is Adviser Only 28 John H Spencer of Grinnell is the newly appointed adviser to Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia Spencer who has been studying abroad for the hist three years is one of four child ren of 1rofessor Edward Buck ham Teylor Spencer professor of Greelr atGrinnell college HERRING FAVORS U S BENEFITS IN FARM AID PLAN Urges Soil Conservation Opposes Interstate Compacts GOMEZ BELIEVED ELECTION VICTOR One Time Exile Announces His Program as President of Cuba HAVANA Jan 11 Mariano Gomez coalition candidate and one time exile to the United States assumed the lead today in GOMEZ returns from the republic of Cu rbas election of constitutional president So sure of vic tory was the former mayor of Havana that he announced his presidential pro gram calling for rest oration of cordiality with the Cuban fam ily and closer ties to the Unit ed States under his administration Conflicting claims arose how ever while the tellers made slow progress through the nearly two million votes cast yesterday in na tional elections marked by scat tered violence in which at least two persons died Latest returns showed Two hundred seven of the 5117 precincts in the island Gomez 22210 Mario Menocal 17625 Carlos de Cespedes 246 300 LANDSLIDE DEATHS FEARED Town and Four Villages in Colombia Crushed After Violent Quake BOGOTA Colombia Jan 11 JV More than 300 deaths were feared today to have resulted from land slides which crushed the town of Tuquerres and four villages in Co lombias southwestern Narino pro vince after a violent earthquake The government of this South American republic commissioned minister of industries Martinez to organize relief work in the stricken district He arranged to fly immedi ately to Pasto capital of Narino province Belated dispatches from Pasto bringing only skeleton advices through interrupted communications lines said the landslides descended interstate compact among wheat DES MOINES Jan 11 Gov Clyde L Herring said today that of suggestions so far offered he believes the granting of federal awards to farmers for compliance with a soil conservation program the best replacement for the in validated AAA The governor outlined bis view after earlier turning thumbs down on suggestions that interstate com pacts could replace the adjustment act Can Be Knnclrd A plan of rewarding farmers for changing plow land to pasture or grass land where necessary he said he believes can be enacted within the constitutional limitations defined by the supreme court in the AAA decision Of an export bounty procedure he said it would destroy the fer tility of our soil for the benefit of foreign nations In Iowa he said We have come to realize that a protective tariff has taken millions of dollars from us for many years Similar to AAA I believe it is necessary to have aplan similar tothe AAA to give Iowa the equality to which all sec tions are entitled In answer to a suggestion of Gov E W Marland of Oklahoma that farmers might do well to follow the lead of the oil industry in forming interstate compacts to replace the AAA Herring said Crop control is a national rather than a regional problem The people of Iowa place far more faith in Henry Wallace and President Roosevelt than they would in a re gional compact commission Interstate Compacts Marland proposed formation of commissions and cotton states as a solution to at least part of the crop control and soil con servation program junked by the supreme courts AAA decision To become effective in time to answer the immediate problems the interstate proposal would require endorsement of the states concern ed at special legislative sessions Herring said Whether all major states con cerned in production of each crop rould fall in line is doubtful Even if they did the program would re quire a policeman to prevent welshing Tide Farmers Over The governor expressed the hope that the farm leaders conference meeting with Secretary Wallace would devise a constitutional sub stitute to tide the farmers over until a legally airtight program could be devised The only practical way in which a crop control program can be en forced is through the medium of the federal government with the de partment of agriculture acting as policeman the governor said If constitutional amendment is necessary I am certain Iowa will favor amendment But there may be other ways to meet the problem The governor suggested among the possible other ways that states themselves could volunteer to co operate with the federal govern ment in production control and ask the government to act as a super visor Not Kncroaching In that case I believe the claim could not be made that the central government would be encroaching upon states right Perhaps such a would necessarily delayed while states enacted co operative be the iswer Certainly farmers will do every thing in their power to keep the gains they have realized through the vAAlf state legislation is ne cessary it will be forthcoming But in the meantime I believe we can look to Henry Wallace and President Roosevelt for a solution to the immediate problem Iowa City Firm Gets State Printing Job DES MOINES Jan 11 tale printing board has awarded the Economy Printing company of Iowa Russia Gets Prepared in Case of War MOSCOW Jan 11 Russia directed its already mighty military defense toward the high est attainable plane today charg ing its neighbors with aggressive intentions Premier Vyachcslaff Molotoff an nouncing the military program to the allunion central executive com mittee declared the nations in dustrial and agricultural production likewise wasever increasing A large increase in the soviet unions armed defenses was neces sary the president of the council of commissars told the executive com mittee last night because of the aggressive intentions of Japan and Germany Soviet industrial production as a whole he announced was 16 per cent greater in 1935 than in 1934 and would be even greater in 1936 by 20 per cent of the 1B35 produc tion He said agricultural production would increase 2 per cent The committee highest govern mental organ of the U S S R when the allunion congress of Soviets is not in session continued its meet ings today in the Kremlin ancient Citadel of Russis rulers after an opening session last night in the remodeled throne room of the cars Dictator Joseph Stalin and other soviet leaders attended Premier Molotoff points out that both Japan and Germany have left the league of nations charged both have aggressive intentions Johnson Trial for Murder of Father Will Open Jan 20 CLARINDA Jan 11 Johnson 22 year old farm youth will go on trial Jan 20 on a charge of murdering his father Elmer Johnson 55 on New Years eve Young Johnson in jail at Red Oak was indicted yesterday by the Page county grand jury He claims self defense 3 Calmar Youths Get 10 Years in Prison DECORAH Jan 11 ence Doubek Earl Nesvick and Roy Harris Calmar youths were sen tenced to 10 years imprisonment each in the Anamosa reformatory after they pleaded guilty to charges of breaking and entering ADMITS THREATS SENT PRESIDENT New York Engineer Arrested After Sending Letters to Roosevelt NEW YORK Jan 11 tin Phelps Palmer 52 year old re tired mechanical engineer was ar rested today by secret service agents and confessed Assistant United States Attorney J Howard Carter said that he had sent two letters to President Roosevelt threat ening his life Palmer was arrested in his lux urious Park avenue apartment af ter being under surveillance of se cret service operatives for several days He was arraigned before Unit ed States Commissionar Garrott W Cotter after Carter said he had made his confession Carter said the first letter was sent to President Roosevelt at the white house on Nov 28 The sec ond was addressed to him at Warm Springs Ga on Dec 3 The contents of the letters were not disclosed but it was reported he threatened the life of the presi dent because of the losa of his for tune of more than SI 000000 3 Boys Killed When Auto Strikes Sled MADISON Wis Jan 11 Three small boys who looked for a thrill in riding their sleds behind an automobile were dead here today their bodies mangled by an oncom ing car which dragged them for about 100 feet over a bumpy high way The hoys all killed almost instant Hes Suspicious AIT HOILV X J Jan 11 fP H Parker above Burling ton county detective chief today viiwod with suspicion the de parture from this country Dr John F Jafsie Condon on the sailing Tor JjJitinAmcricji last evening oj Bronx school leacher who paid UK ransom lor the tjnd bcrgh hahy PnrUer said When a life is at stake nnd the principal witnesses involved dc part it has to be looked upon with suspicion CONCILIATION TO BE JAPAN GOAL Tokio Instructs Delegates to Naval Sessions to Delay Walkout TOKTO Jan12 fSunday officials of the navy office and the foreign office decided at a confer ence today to instruct the Japanese delegation to the London naval con ference to attempt further concilia tion before walking out of the par ley MEETING MAY BE IVE OFF UNTIL TUESDAY LONDON Jan 11 tative sources said today the next meeting of the international naval conference which is expected to re consider Japans demand for naval equity with all nations probably will not be held until Tuesday Although the reason for the ex pected postponement of the session scheduled originally for Monday was not given in these quarters it was understood the move was an attempt to give delegates more time for further contacts before the next meeting when the conference gen erally is expected to break down unless some compromise 13 found Despite the reported plan to re sume consideration of Japans re quest for parity the other powers vere not expected to be willing to rant such equality U S DELEGATE WILL START HOME JAN 16 WASHINGTON Jan H Secretary Hull announced today that Undersecretary William Phillips a member of the American delegation to the London naval conference would sail for America on Jan 16 The secretary told his press con ference that Phillips return to the United States was in accord with the original intention for him to re main in London only a few weeks and then come back to give the ad ministration a first hand report of the proceedings SENATE LEADERS SCAN BONUS ACT Work to Frame Substitute That Will Stand Up Under Veto WASHINGTON Nine senate votes Jan 1 the ones that PARDONS COURT SCANS BRUNOS FRAMEUP CLAIM Governor Seeks Arrest of Jafsie Condon for Quizzing HATJPTMANN AT A GLANCE New Jersey court of pardons meets to hear clemency plea of Bruno Hauptmann Dr John F Jafsie Condon sails for South American cruise on eve of mercy hearing Gover nor Hoffman of New Jersey seeks his arrest for questioning Defense affivadits reported from Gaston Means and John Hughes Curtiss convicted in various phases of Lindbergh case Governor Hoffman calls T J Faulkner letter alone insufficient ground for commutation says jus tice his sole aim Hauptmanns attic had planted Hudson testified By DALE HARRISON HKIII by Thi Aiinrlnlrd Irrw STATE HOUSE TRENTON N T Jan 31 Richard Hauptmanns contention that evi dence against him was framed was studied closely this afternoon by the court of pardons considering his plea for clemency With the ladder used to kidnap Charles A Lindbergh Jr exhibited before the court Chancellor Luther A Campbell the states highest judicial officer and Governor Hoff man obtained a transcript of the testimony of a defense expert at Hauptmanns trial Bolsters Defense Theory This expert Dr Erasmus Hudson was used to bolster a defense theory that a portion of the Jadder which the government claimed came from been there were many fingerprints on the lad der None was Hauptmanns Information from outside capitol sources indicated all might not have been harmony at the courts pro longed closed session Friends at tributed to one member nf the court a statement that he intended to vote against clemency and to speak his mind about the governors at titude May Be Deferred Opinion that the execution might be deferred spread swiftly around the capitol after Gov Harold G Hoffman who is president of the pardons court announced he would ask the attorney general to seek the detention for questioning of John F sailed suddenly on a South Ameri can cruise yesterday The governor said he wanted to question Condon about certain feat ures of the case concerning which Condon in a scries of magazine ar ticles entitled Jafsie Tells All claims to have hitherto undisclosed facts The governor is especially in terested in Condons views on the question whether Hauptmann had a confederate Knew Two Involved Condon goes so far as to write that he knew two of those involved in the Lindbergh baby Clnrn In 2 Column 7 Map of Africa Thursday night after the entire Naj City a three year contract for pubj y were Robert Gundlach 12 Wil struggled to rino province area experienced the lishing the annual state supreme lard Runkel 11 and Edward Ward win enough v l strone carthamke made the presidents bonus veto stick last large today n the eyes of conferees who seek concessions in the bill which swept through the house Senate leaders worked secretly to frame a substitute for the cash j bonus measure that passed the house 35650 yesterday The ad1 ministration leaders used the nine votes to force some concessions The conservative senate finance j committee meets Monday to con1 sider the bill nnd the leaders look ed for a iwommcmiation for some1 thing less than full cash payment The bonus backer however struggled to work out a plan to otcs to pass a bill over a veto What will 1936 bring in the Dark Continent Africa has been the scene of war and conquest since the dawn of history Will it soon be come the focal point of antoher World war The Ethiopian crisis now involves every major power of Europe To keep abreast of the momentous news flashing over the cables hour y from Geneva London Rome Par is and Addis Ababa every reader needs the new uptotheminute Map of Africa available through our Washington information bureau Printed in five colors from the lat est plates a special inset showing Ethiopia in great detail a complete statistical atlas Inclose 10 cents to cover cost postage and handling Use coupon The Mason City GlobeGazette Information bureau Frederic J Haskin director Washington D C I inclose 10 cents in coin care fully wrapped for the new Map of Africa Name Street City Stata Mail to Washington D C ;