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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 10, 1945, Mason City, Iowa DCMNTUCMT OF w i NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL LI Associated Pn MASON Cirr IOWA WEDNESDAY JANUARY 101945 i and TJniUa Free Full Leucd AMERICANS DRIVE TOWARD MANILA i 1 j German Salient Now Less Than 9 Miles Wide at Its Neck Paris Gen Courtney H Hodges first army won the biggest tank battle of the Belgian bulge campaign Wednesday cap turing the secondary road center of Samree alter 30 hours of violent lighting in DEEP SNOW which in cluded an all night artillery bar rage On the soutL jf the salient now less than 9 miles wide at its neck the seasoned American third army of Lt Gen George S Pat too Jr gained up to a mile and a half in an advance alone a 20mile front above Bastognc His 101st screaming eagle air borne Division moved to within four and a half miles of Houffal ize key road center near the oen ter of the bulge The Germans were withdrawing from the western tip of the sal ient and their peril was increased appreciably by the loss of stoutly defended Samree whence a spid erweb of secondary roads lead into the salient The Germans are disengaging in most sectors along the north west Up of the salient andfalling back inwhat appears to be a gen eral withdrawal British staff officer said are a few contacts and the enemyis making little or no attempt to fight British advances ranged up to mites and overran numerous Belgian towns including Ambly lour miles cast of Rochetort The British took 5 towns in the west and moved to within a half rnile of Laroche which seemed doomed by the fall of Samree 3 miles to the northeast Laroche itself was bypassedThe Germans left only a small holding force in that town of about 2000 All along a 16mile front on the north side of the bulge the first army drove ahead in snow for gains ranging from a half mile to more than a mile Vanguards were less than 3 miles from the last German escape route from Houf falize to St Vith The Germans In diversionary attacks in Alsace moved to within 10 miles south of Strasbourg Bit ter fighting progressed 9 miles north of that provincial capital Ground troops of the 6th army group and Thunderbolt planes have knocked out 58 German tanks in the last 2 days in the area around Strasbourg a field dispatch said About half were put out of action by a Thunderbolt raid on the east bank of the Rhine The second Hell on Wheels armored division of Maj Gen Ern est N Harmon and elements of the 84th infantry commanded by Brig Gen Alexander H Boiling teamed to capture Samree and then ad vance south of the stone ruins across the St VilhLaroche high way All that road now was in American control to Vielsalm 9 miles west of St Vith Vielsalm itself was entered and St Vith major German base in the bulge was within artillery range Field Marshal von Rundstedt had pulled the bulk of the defend ing troops from Samree leaving volksgrenadiers to their doom Samree Is S miles northwest of Houffalize which was under shell fire from north and south cap ture increased possibility that a respectable bap of Germans might be trapped in the western half of the contracting bulge Samree Is on a bare eminence commanding much territory in all directions Just east of Laroche the Ger mans abandoned the village of Lignieres and apparently with drew to the southeast By dusk the 1st army team which captured Samree had pushed 2000 yards south of the LarocheSt Vith road Farther to the northeast Ameri cans fought into Bihain a mile be low the St VithLaroche highway and 3 east of Fraiture It was in the advance south of the Bihain area that the Americans were closest to the St VithHouffalize highway now virtually neutral ized by artillery The Germans however have numerous secondary roads in the bulge suitable for movement of heavy armor AP Correspondent Edward D Ball reported from the northern flank The foul Capture Samree WithBig Tank Victory FOUGHT FOR 30 HOURS IN DEEP SNOWFORROAD YANKS WEAR a winter combat cape the Yank rifleman at right is nearly invisible as he squats in the snow beside another infantryman left in conven tional garb during a demonstration of value of cape some where in the European theater of operations Associated Press wirephoto Kayenay engraving CEILING PUT ON Price of a Hundred Set by Government Washington govern ment Wednesday slapped a flat price ceiling on live cattle The action widely opposed by stockman carried with it a move pto soothe opposition The ceiling was set at a hun dred weight instead of as originally proposed The new overall ceiling cover ing calves as well as cattle will be lowered to on July 2 Vinson also directed 1 The defense supplies corpora tion to increase subsidy payments on choice beef from to a hun dred weight and on from to good beef hundred weight Chicago basis The subsidy payment on choice cattle will be cut by 50 cents July 2 2 OPA and the war food admin istration to increase the price of the present stabilization range for choice cattle by and for good cattle by 50 cents a hundred pounds live weight over the en tire country On July 2 the max imum and minimum of the stabili zation range for choice cattle will be reduced by 50 cents a hundred pounds 3 OPA and WFA to issue a reg ulation making it an OPA viola tion for a slaughterer to pay more on the and yield the maximum prices of the stabilization range for cattle purchased and slaughtered over a months period This pro vision does not include calves 4 WFA to delegate authority to OPA to issue an order establish ing the maximum percentage of good and choice cattle slaughterer may kill over a months lime The purpose of the directive the announcement said is to make it possible for OPA to se cure more effective control of live cattle prices and continue to pro tect the consumer against any in crease in the price of meat At the same time the announce ment added any substantial re duction in live cattle prices will be prevented that any or deliver snow fog and low tactical aircraft grounded again and allowed freer movement to von Rundstedt Indications were that the Ger mans already had pulled the major part of their forces from thewest ern tip of the salient Ball wrote He added that it appeared the withdrawal was orderly A first army staff officer said the 1st and 3rd armies bad cap tured a total of 25873 Germans in the bulge since Dec 16 and that the 1st had buried 566 German dead Boy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGnclte carrier boy Mysterious in Iowa Sky Green Island Iowa mysterious light has been seen floating in the sky in this section of east central Iowa 4 nights re cently As many as a dozen persons have reported seeing the light the same night but what it is and what causes it to float lightly is a mystery Caravans of residents and of ficials have attempted to follow the light but report they can keep trace of it for only several miles and then lose it when it disap pears over high hills They report the light sometimes appears to move with the wind and some times against it William Marberger of Green Island saw the light for the first time a week ago Among Green Island residents who reported see ing it Tuesday night were Mr and Mrs Delbert HoeEmil Tarr Mrs Lawrence Rickert and Marvin Meyer and family The light reportedly has a glow similar to a candle or Dame t1 SnowShoe Troops Clash in Italy Rome troops on both sides engaged in a num ber of indecisive clashes but se vere weather held activity to a minimum along the 5th and 8th army fronts headquarters an nounced Wednesday Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and cold Wed nesday night Lowest tempera ture 5 above Thursday increas ing cloudiness with no import ant change in temperature Iowa Mostly cloudy Wednesday night and cold Thursday cloudy A little warmer east and central portions Shippers Fore cast Western half 5 above cast em half zero Minnesota Mostly cloudy and lit tle change in temperature Wed nesday night Thursday cloudy with higher afternoon tempera tures Occasional north portion light IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 5 above Min Tuesday night 7 below At 8 a m Wednesday 4 below At a m Wed 10 above Snow inch Preap 03 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 26 Minimum 7 FR POWER FOR DEMILITARIZING AXIS IS URGED Vandenberg Pleads for Congress to Vote Authority to President Washington Vanden berg H Mich proposed Wed nesday that congress vote the president power immediately to use force to keep Germany and Japan demilitarized after the war Calling on the major allies to negotiate a treaty now for joint action to achieve this depend able end Vandenbere told the senate that this nation ought to demand that any unilateral agree ments made on world political questions be subjected to review by a proposed peace organization The chairman of the senate re publican conference took the floor to urge a restatement of specific American international aims after it became known that President Roosevelt had assured congres sional leaders he will carry no prior commitments on European political questions into a forth coming big3 conference Anticipating senate discussions of the whole international situa tion Sen Ferguson H Miph proposed in a statement that the senate write its own declaration of foreign policy He offered a res olution calling for American par ticipation in a world security or ganization prepared to use force to preserve the peace and reem phasizing this countrys determi nation to stand by the principles of the Atlantic charter Reviewing the trend of world affairs Vandenberg told his col leagues that the 1 point on which our allies may become suspicious of the effectiveness of collective security lies in their doubts about American iwrticlpatlon Russia he saidhad a right to sayr you expect us1 to rely on ah enigma He contended that almost every action being planned separately by Britain and Bussia was built on a fear that Germans again might rise as a military power s Whether we Americans do or do not agree upon all the powers that shall reside in an ultimate in ternational council to call upon us for joint military action in be half of collective security surely we can agree that we do not want an instants hesitation or doubt about our military cooperation in the permptory use of force if needed to keep Germany and Japan demilitarized Vandenberg declared There should be no need to refer any such action back to congress anymore than congress would expect to pass upon battle plans today The commanderln chief should have instant power to act and he should act Ferguson in his statement urged His colleagues to unite in a clear minimum statement of prin ciples to which every senator can subscribe who believes enduring peace depends on teamwork Vandenberg said the question of what if any limitations should be imposed on the presidents au thority could be threshed out later I am sure we can agree that there should be no limitations when it comes to keeping the axis out of piracy for keeps he said I respectfully urge that we meet this problem nosv From it stem many of todays confusions and doubts and frustrations I think we should immediately put it be hind us by conclusive action Calling for honest candor in American dealing with foreign na tions Vandenberg said he thought the United States has the right to demand that whatever immedi ate unilateral decisions that were made should all be temporary and subject to final revisions in the objective light of the postwar world and the postwar peace leagues as they shall ultimately develop Vandenberg took the president to task for what he termed Mr Roosevelts almost jocular and even cynical discussion at a re cent news conference of how the Atlantic Charter came into being as a series of notations between him and Prime Minister Churchill Declaring that this had jarred America to its very hearth stones the Michigan senator said he hoped the president subse quently had been able to repair this damage by his reiteration of support of the charters principles in his message to congress REPAIRS WRONG ROUSE Walla Walla Wash IP A Walla Walla family thought it was nice of their landlord to do all that unsolicited repair work on their house The owner thought so too The bill was paid by another land lord His contractor had repaired the wrong house IINGATEN OSAM CAttOS LUZON OTAILAC BIG PUSH ON IN PHILIPPINESBy land sea and air fu tare dealin blows to the Japs in the Philippines with the big push against Luzon island under way Luzon was pounded from the air at thesame time the Yanks landed at Marmduque Another landing was made at Paluan Mindoro island and at Lingayen Iowa to Meet Draft Calls Mostly With Farmers 1826 Molnes GenCharles H Grahl state director of draft calls would Japs Surprised Completely Says Gen MacArthur With Gen MacArthur on Luzon e n Douglas MacArthur nailed the American landing on Luzon as a complete success Wednesday and predicted confi dently that the Japanese island forces will be brought to battle and defeated on the great central plain north of Manila MacArthur puffing calmly on a new corn cob pipe told this cor respondent in an interview that the entire landing operation at Lin gayen gulf was going ahead bet ter than could have been ex pected and that all the invasion units were making good progress against little or no opposition The Jap apparently was taken completely by surprise he said He apparently expected us from the south aud when came in behind him he was caught off base The entire operation so far has been a complete success The redoubtable MacArthur who was forced out of Luzon after the Japanese invaders landed on the shores of this same gulf more than 3 years ago waded ashore a few hours behind his 1st assault troops Tuesday accompanied by his Chief ot Staff Lt Gen Richard K Sutherland Lt Gen Walter Krueger com mander of the U S 6th army al ready hud established his head quarters ashore and taken over active command of the operation from Vice Adm Thomas C Kin Jcaid commander of the 7th fleet JMacArlhur inspected the entire 15 mile beachhead and congratu lated his commanders on the Progress achieved so far but he urged them to keep driving after the enemy to prevent the Japa nese from getting set in any posi tion that would block the Ameri can advance on Manila 110 miles to the south Where the Japanese plan to make their main defense stand is not yet apparent he said but there is no doubt that the bat be filled largely from the of 18 to 26 year old men now de ferred because they are engaged in agricultural work General Grahls announcement followed a meeting with the state war board which he said agreed to prepare a questionnaire regard ing the farming activities of each 18 to 2B year old registrant now classified 2C agricultural defer The information will be used to help local draft boards determine what men should be processed for future induction from this reser voir of manpower In a statement issued jointly with A J Lovelace war board chairman Gen Grahl said agri culture will of necessity be re quired to depend on many men in the age bracket over 38 to main tain the required production fol lowing the withdrawal of large numbers of men now deferred in agriculture It may also require physically capable men who have retired to return to the farm the statement added BURNS FATAL TO CRESCO FARMER Robert Moore Dies in Hospital After Blaze Decorah Moore 58 died in the Cresco h o sp i t a 1 Wednesday of burns suffered fighting a fire which destroyed his farm home 18 miles northwest of Decorah Tuesday night Moore whose hands and face were badly burned was discov ered sitting on the porch of the blazing dwelling by his brother inlaw John Stockman who came in answer to a call for aid He is survived by his widow 3 brothers and 3 sisters MCGREGOR GETS 7 INCH SNOW Mercury There Drops to 18 Below Zero Des Moines inches of heaviest of the year in at McGregor in the northeast corner of the state Tues day and Tuesday night and the mercury dropped to 18 below zero in that city Heavy snow w a s reported throughout all of the northeast lip of the stale but little or none fell in other sections Decorah had 42 of new snow and a low reading of 13 below zero 2nd lowest for the night Duouque had 27 inches of snow Charles City 100 miles west ot McGregor had only of an inch of snow and Waterloo only a trace The state highway commission reported highways were clear and normal in ail areas except where there was heavy new snow They were being cleared in that section Other below zero temperatures reported to the weather bureau included Charles City 8 Mason City 7 Dubuque 2 and Iowa City 1 The highest temperature Tues day was 30 al Sioux City The weather bureau forecast slightly warmer weather Wednes day night with minimum readings ranging from zero to 5 above 2 Representatives Hire Clerks With Different Party Views Des Moines least 2 state representatives are ignoring party lines in regard io their committee clerks Rep John J Swaner DIowa City has as his clerk a woman who is affiliated with the repub lican party Mrs Charlotte Stew art of Des Moines and Rep M W Hicklin RWapello has Lu cille Rogers Des Moines a dem ocrat Both legislators described the clerks with whom they disagree politically as very efficient Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy 24 KILLED IN AIRLINER CRASH Big Airplane Falls Near Burbank Cal New York Twentyone passengers all members of the armed services and a crew of 3 died Wednesday in the crash of an American Airlines plane near Burbank Cal the company of fices here announced WRECKAGE SIGHTED FROM CONTROL TOWER Los Angeles wreckage of an American Airlines plane carrying 21 passengers and 3 crew members was sighted Wednesday about 5 miles north of Lockheed air terminal Burbank a company spokesman announced The debris was sighted by a control tower operator at the air port through field glasses The scene where the wreck oc curred was in the vicinity of La Crescenta a foothill town north of here GEN DOUGLAS MacARTHUU tie for Manila and the entire Phil ippines will be fought and won on the great central plain north of Manila MacArthur appeared bronzed RESISTANCE BY JAPS TO YANKS IS ONLY SLIGHT 1000 or More Ships Pouring Reinforcements Into 4 Beachheads Allied Headquarters Philip Pines mighty American nvasion army of at least 100000 nen and a powerful array of anks and guns captured San Fab ian and several other towns on Luzons Lingayen gulf Wednesday and struck out for Manila a little more than 100 miles away against only scattered Japanese resistance A naval armada of 1000 or more ships including 800 trans ports uas pouring a constant stream of reinforcements Into 1 expanding beachheads apparently mainly between San Fabian and Lingayen the latter 107 miles north of Manila and the site of 3 airfields A front dispatch said one beachhead already ivas 15 miles lone A field dispatch said thousands of soldjers from Ohio California and many other states landed a few hundred yards from the main Lingayen airdrome and within a half hour were 300 yards inland still largely unopposed The air drome since may have been oveir in San Fabian was captured with out opposition in the early hours of the invasion a dispatch from Vice Admiral Thomas C Kin kaids flagship reported Other towns also have been seized but their names were withheld tem porarily for security reasons A Japanese communique claimed Japanese troops were counterattacking American forces which landed in the vicinity of San Fabian and Lingayen Other Tokyo broadcasts claimed that a severenaval and air battle was underwqy In the Lingayen gulf a hint that Japanese fleet ttriits may have gone into action surface attack corps sank 3o American transports in waters west of Luzon Monday and Japanese planes accounted for others and a cruiser in Lingayen bay Tokyo said Veteran American assault troops already were astride some of the main concrete highways converg ing on Manila from the north and same were deep inland under per sonal orders from MacArthur to keep pushing ahead so that the enemy xvould gel no opportunity to dig in Swarms of carrierbased pjancs from the 3rd and 7th fleets were overhead strafing and bombing enemy strong points and other installations ahead of the inva sion troops from treetop height Army engineers among the first ashore wore rushing the con strue ion of airstrips for land based planes Despite the initial and rested after beach a night on the I slept well last night in spite of some little disturbance created by the Japanese during the night he said There was almost no initial ground resistance to our landiny and only slight shipping losses were incurred despite fierce Jap anese aerial attacks Vast numbers of men and enor mous quantifies of gun s armur and supplies have been brought ashore and deep penetrations in land already have been made at some points beyond the lauding beaches All the attacking units were be lieved to have reached or passed their 1st day objectives in the daylight hours following the land ing Tuesday morning The landing itself was com pletely uneventful Not a single shore battery opened up as the hundreds of American vessels in the invasion fleet steamed into Lingayen gulf before dawn A considerable measure of strategic surprise undoubtedly was at tained through our recent feints in the direction of Batangas and other points Probe Made of Alleged Padding of Expenses Des Moines investiga tion of alleged expense account padding in Ihe stale departmenl of public safety was reported Wednesday to be ncaring com pletion The checkup being made by the state auditors office was reported to cover hotel bills meals and other expenditures oi members of the department in cluding at least one official Bay your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ance largely due to light resist terrific 3 day bombardment of beach de fenses all the way from Lingayen to San Fernando 40 miles to the north official sources warned that the toughest battle of the south west Pacific campaign probably must be fought before Manila can be taken TIic Japanese known to lave 100000 to 200000 of their best troops on Luzon most of thcfn between the Liueaycn gulf and Manila ami they appeared committed to a literal lastman fight Japanese propaganda broad casts repeatedly have said the Pa cific war may be largely decided in the Philippines Lingayen apparently the focal point of the invasion lies at the southern end of the Lingayen gulf while San Fabian on the south eastern rim of the gulf is 13 miles lo the northeast Several rivers bisect the swampy terrain between Lingayen and Manila and it appeared the Japanese might make their first stand along the Agno about 15 miles inland from the invasion beaches The beaches chosen for the landing were the same over which 80000 Japanese troops pushed ashore from 40 transports and 40 warships on Dec 22 1941 to seal the fate of Manila and the Mac A r I h u r defended Philippines Remnants of the American air force in the Philippines teaming with submarines and coastal bat teries in a futiledefense sank or damaged a few ships in the Jap anese armada but the Japanese suffered only 2 per cent losses in landing The Japanese also made what MacArthur called repeated and desperate attacks in an attempt to halt the 100 mile long armada carrylntr American troops to the Linsayen gulf during the past few days Some loss and damage was suffered by American ships Mac Arthur said but they were con sidered infinitesimal in compari son to the size of the transports several hundred war ships ranging from battleships ;