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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 9, 1945, Mason City, Iowa T NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME f OF TORY ANO MOIHt THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOUU Associated Press and United Press full Leased Wira I five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JANUABY 9 1945 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS This Papel Consist of Two One rapei of Two ScttionsSedlon One NO 79 R PRESENTS 83 BILLION RUDGET Yanks Near Last Nazi Route Out of Salient Big Tank Bottle Rages at Samree U S Troops Fight On in Blinding Blizzard Paris Americans driving through a BLINDING BLIZZARD into the northern flank oE the Belgian bulge drove to a point Tuesday less than 3 miles from the VithHouffalize road last lateral juaur JC1O1 lULddl supply and escape artery in the ItT salient A bigtank battle broke out for dug in a vehicles to on the r sion fought for complete control of another overrun road from St Vith to Iaroche Other troops were a bare mile from Laroche Field Marshal von Rundstedt was reported to have shifted tanks and guns from the Bastogne area on the south to meet thegrave new threat to his last road on the north Artillery constantly harassed the foe in the wedge Loss of the St VithHouffalize road would for the first time seem to leave the Germans in precar ious positions reports from the north flank said were within 5 000 yards of the road at noon For the 2nd time in 24 hours the Germans Tuesday night were pulling back from the western tip of the salient as British troops ad vanced south of Marche Roger D Greene AP correspondent north of the bulge said Events sug gest that the next 12 to 24 hours may provide the turning point in the great battle The battle was in drifts 4 to 5 feet highand in heavy newshow falls 7AU along the 30 mile northern kypf saKent the Three American and one of the British armies steadily were writ ing off the Ardennes wedge in the grim battle in zero weather The distance between the U S 1st and 9th army elements on the north and the IIS 3rd army on the south was less than 10 miles Within that deadly gantlet all raked by artillery there was only a single good road for German re treat and that was hidden by the snow and ice and cratered by shells The blizzard comparable to those on the Russian front slack ened a bit Tuesday but the snow still fell intermittently To the south Lt Gen Jacob L Devers 6th army group blocked German probing for weak spots in Alsace and Lorraine At least temporarily the U S 7th army counterattacks were PLUGGING HOLES driven by the first fury of the German diversionary at tacks on the Alsace plain The im mediate threat to the French Rhine city of Strasbourg les sened too although headquarters said Germans 16 miles or so to the to be aggressive in j Holland and fighting resolutely to bar the allies from the one remaining es cape route from the This was the HouffalizeSt Vith road and the American 1st army was 5 miles or so from it and cratering it with artillery On the southern flank of the virtually winter bound bulge Germancounterattacks drove back Lt Gen George S Patterns 3rd army a mileon a 3 mile front west of Bastogne Field Marshal von Rundstedt appeared to be trying to blast open communica tions on the south to compensate for Monday ol the La rocheSt Vith road The Germans threw half a dozen attacks against American and French troops in northeast France including one powerful smash against the French 1st army south of Strasbourg That drive from Colmar where Gestapo Chief Heinrich Himmler still was be lieved providing leadership and inspiration was halted at Koss feld and Herbsheim 16 miles from the big Alsatian city on the Rhine Despite the paralyzing storm and drifts which impeded equally the attack and the German es cape the U S 2nd armored di vision struck heavily at Samree against mobile and dug in Ger man tanks The 2nd is the Hell on Wheels division which won fame in north drive south of Marcourt where AfricaSicily Normandy and savage resistance was cncoun across France Its commander is Old Gravel Voice Ernest N Harmon Maj Gen into the afternoon The issue still was at stake teamed to Wipe but a bridgehead across the north of VotVIrt The enemy pulled back 1000 yards before the British 2nd army in the wild desolate Ardennes country of wooded tracts and steep defiles southeast of Marche at the northwest tip of the Belgian salient but a spokesman at Field Marshal Montgomerys headquar ters in the north said There is no sign of a German withdrawal from the tip however and Field Marshal yon Rund stedt may only be pulling bacfe It better prepared positions Gen Eisenhowers communique named 5 towns captured in the shrinking bulge These were Reg ne Sart Verleumont and Mar court on the north and much swapped Bonnerue on the south Field dispatches listed others It was evident that the Germans were at least thinning out their salient at the western tip of the bulge even though there was no sign of a general retreat There was evidence that the Germans were preparing a stand near St Vith f miles from the German border That Belgian road center of 2459 was in artillery range from Wanne 10 miles northwest warcl The nearest approach to Ia roche pop 1928 came in a tercd Numerous enemy pockets remained to be cleared hi and around the town LaRoche is pro ni iruiiu luivn ijnvocric is pro The battle for Samree broke tected by the steep banked Ourthe during the morning and raged on river east American van tanks j h SOVIET FORCES MAKE ADVANCE NEARKOMAROM Battle Rages Where Nazis Try to Reach Trapped Budapest Army BULLETIN Moscow army troops nave halted the big German counterattack northwest of Buda pest and considerably slowed the attack beating in on the west of the Hungarian capital front dis patches said Tuesday Moscow Russian forces driving along the north bank ol the Danube approached within gun range Tuesday of Komarom while a costly battle raged south of the river where the Germans are try ing to reach their encircled Buda pest garrison A 3mile advance north of the Danube Monday carried Marshal Rodion Y Malinovskys troops to a point less than 1 miles from Komarom key communications center for the region northwest of Budapest There the Russians stood less than 50 miles east of the Austrian border and 57 southeast of Bratislava Slovakian capital Dispatches said German troops last reported only 15 miles north west of Budapest were shifting the weight of their attack southward in an apparent effort to cut through to the Hungarian capital from due jirestThe Germans were said to be vising large tank A said red army forces disabled or destroyed 90 German tanks in that area in one days fighting A Berlin broadcast Tuesday said Col Gen Heinz Guderian German army chief of staff and nazi commanderinchief on the eastern front had visited thefight irig lines at the western ap proaches to Budapest The FCC recorded the There was speculation here that Malinovsky might try to cross the Danube from the north and cut into the German left flank to re lieve the pressure on Budapest He is reported be massing heavy strength east of Komarom From that sector however Mal inovsky is believed to have a good possibility of carrying his attack further along the direct road to Vienna The red army already has begun operating from at least one airfield in the newly captured territory east Komarom Stomoviks and 2 engined bombers were said to be Cying from there Tuesday against the Budapestbound Germans be low the Danube Capture of 7 towns put Malinov skys forces astride 2 roads lead ing westward and a railway lead ing along the north bank of the Danube The Russians inside Budapest captured another 130 blocks Germans Make Stand on Reno River Bank of Italian Campaign Rome withdrawing 5 miles from San Alberto in the past 2 days German forces have made a stand along the southern bank of the river Reno east the Valli di Comacchio Jagoon allied head quarters announced Tuesday It was the first time in 4 days that Field Marshal Albert Kes selrings troops had shown any in clination to fight in that sector Bitter winter weather and deep snowdrifts limited operations from coast to coast In some areas be low Bologna the snow fell to a depth of more than 12 inches White clad reconnaissance parties were active on skis and snowshoes AMERICAN DRIVES GAIN IN BULGEArrows indicate troops are pressing against the German salient in Be gium and Luxembourg Shaded area is that letaken by allies since German push ended Nazis Report Greater Part of Royan Smashed by Allied Airplanes By The Associated Press The German communique Tues day said the greater part of the bathing resort of Royan at the mouth of the Gironde river had been levelled by an allied bomb ing and that 1000 Frenchmen half the remaining population fell victim to the attack About 21000 German troops at last re port were in the Gironde area barring access toBordeaux port Mercury Dips to 24 Below atDecorah Des Moines mercuiy dropped to a new low mark tor he season in Iowa early Tuesday vhen it registered 24 degrees be ow zero at Decorah The previous ow of 23 below was set at the same city 10 days ago The subzero weather hit all sections of the state but the veather bureau forecast rising emperatures Tuesday night and Wednesday and said the mer cury probably would not go under above zero in the state Tuesday light Occasional light snow also vas forecast for Tuesday night ind Wednesday and rain fell throughout most of the state Monday and during the night The state high way commission said all roads vere open but some were slippery of ice arid packed snow Other below zero temperatures nclucled Mason City 10 Charles City Washington 12 Dubuque An American soldier wounded on Ley fm rfTLater he Will be tvansfened to a land mrepnoto tiom US coast guard Kayenay engraving is Burlington a Folt Dodge Spencer and Ames 7 Des Moines 4 fiscal vear 114P wh Ottumwa 2 and Atlantic I The year 194G vvh in the slate Mon day was 33 at Council Bluffs Japs Say 2nd Invasion Convoy Is Near Luzon TOKYO REPORTS VWUU iQ1B atuos uie country ma call for thousands ofmove yrBy LEONABD tress War Editor A second American convoy was reported to have joined the assault on Luzon islands Lingayen gulf Tuesday as Superforts and carrier planes blasted Japans FormosaRyukyu island reinforcement line to the Philippines Other strong B29 forces bombed Tokyo Contradictory Japanese broad casts reported successively that 15000 Yank soldiers failedin a landing attempt atLingayen 110 miles north of Manila that 70 bombarding U S warships turned and fled that a second enemy convoy reached the Lingayen combat zone and its escorting warships joined the first enemy convoy resses in shelling coastal fort Tokyo said 150 transports were in the second convoyj more than double the size of the first A third 150 ship convoy was reported on the way Tokyo radio reported U S war ships which began bombarding Lingayen last Saturday were slackening their fire evidently dueto the loss ot regular aircraft carriers Earlier the Domei news said U S warships steamed away Monday znorning with Japanese planes in hot pursuit It said some warships were sighted in flames west of Manila Japanese propagandists poured out their confusion of reports as Vice Adm John S McCains first carrier forces combined with B29s in a daylong raid on For mosa and three of the most im portant Ryukyu islands It was their second strike within a week These strikes were in strategic support of Gen Douglas Mac Ar thurs report operations on Luzon shutting off Japanese air reinforce ments which might replace those destroyed in a twoday roundthe clock bombardment of Luzon by Wounded Cant Wait The wounded cannot wait Basil OConnor chairman of the American Red Cross stated Tuesday in an appeal that rang across the country call lor thousands ofmove u r T solute we recMment of THEbRlbleCRofe W WW VOLUNTEER ARE ASSURED OF OFFICERS O Connors statement came on Ihe heels of President Roose itor legislation to induct nurses into the armed forces He appealed to all Cross chapters to redouble their efforts to recruit nurses for the army The chairmans statement which was received here by T L Connor chapter chairman in a telegram from IT F Keisker St Louis area manager followed an urgent telegram sent out last week to all Hea Cross chapters In that wire he termed the situation extremely grave J President Roosevelt has asked for legislation to induct 20000 warships enroutc from the Mari anas and New Guinea b r o ail 1 reported that U S invasion force estimated to be approximately 1 division Japanese propaganda casts previously had rep U S seaborne planes and landbased An early morning Pacific fleet communique told of the new strike at Formosa supply point for Nip ponese armed forces in the Phil ippines and major air fields in the Ryukyus which link Formosa with Japan proper Carrier pilots swept over Okinawa Ishigaki Miyako Jima in the Hyukyus Okinawa was raided in last weeks two day Formosa strike which her jlded intensified Philippines activity in the Details were not available in dicating the strike was continuing Superforts from China also hit Formosa while B29s from Saipan bombed Tokyo A Japanese imper ial communique said GO Superforts came over the imperial capital in waves in midafternoon A new flood of Tokyo broadcasts did not repeat previous stores of U S landing attempts In the Phil ippines but told of American con voys of more than 210 transports and 20 carriers plusuncounted strong had been dealt a stagger ing blow in attempting to land at Lingayen gulf invasion gate way to Manila The assault troops Tokyo added are still unable to secure even a foothold there Nevertheless Japanese propa gandists were obviously worried as to where Gen Douglas MacAr thurs major blow would fall In the Luzon invasion which Tokyo ency radio has becn bsllyhooine for way Domei news agency said Mac Arthur was employing only somu 70 or 80 landing barges and 1 division at Lingayen gulf in con trast to the 4 divisions he used in the less difficult invasion of Leyte island Oct 20 Domei indicated some concern about the destination of a convoy southwest of Luzon reportedly carrying 3 American divisions Lt Gen Masaharu Homma Japanese conqueror of the Phil ippines said the Yanks must land on Lingayen gulf but probably would attempt landings at vari ous other places In 48 hours of unchecked opera tions over Luzon navy and ma rine planes from Vice Adm John S McCains fast carrier force and army Philippinesbased bombers and fighters blasted airfields on either side of Manila destroyed at least 140 planes sent Nipponese shipping into the China sea raised havoc with Japanese communica tions and established a blockade against potential air reinforce ments from Formosa Associated Press War Corres pondent Rembert James reported from McCains flagship that in 2 days carrier pilots could find only 41 enemy aircraft in the air Nine teen of jhese were shot down74 more were destroyed on the ground and 86 others damaged The enemy clearly was evac uating all sizable shipping from the islands James said With hunting limited carrier air men sank 3 sizable ships and II small craft Twentytwo others were damaged boy gage in no intemperate foreign policy debate that might jeopar dize this governments position at the coming Big Three1 confer ence ALLOWS FOR 10 BILLION OP OR DOWN IN TOTAL President Refuses to Predict When War Will Stop Anywhere Washington resident Roosevelt sent to congress Tues day an 83 billion dollar budget that might swing more than 10 billion dollars up or down enemies will totally defeated before we lay lown our arms DECLARES NAZI LOSSES HEAVY Bradley Foes Ability to Prolong War Cut U S 12th Army Group Head quarters Gen Omar N Bradley said Tuesday thwarting of the German offensive in the Ardennes may have reduced the enemys ability to prolong the war Bradley said at a press confer ence that the enemy move may materially affect the Germans Headded tht waraKig thatiihis did notinean we can assume the Germans are on the verge of col lapse and he said fighting was ahead that much EXPECT FOREIGN POLICY DEBATE Hope Argument Wont Jeopardize Big 3 Talk Washington of President Roosevelts conduct of ar nun as unu foreign affairs expressed hope Stamps from your GlobeGazette Tuesday that the senate would en carrier boy He said the Germans had lost more prisoners since Dec IB than the Americans while their killed and wounded probably were many times the American killed and wounded He described the American halting of the German penetra tion as one of the greatest stories in the history of fighting men He said that an attack had been expected in the Ardennes area American forces previous ly had been weakened in order to enable the V S 1st and 3rd armies to strike He emohasizod that the shift of the 1st and 9th armies to the command of Field Marshal Sir Bernard L Montgomery was tem porary and that these forces would be returned to Bradleys 12th army group when the salient was eliminated and direct com munications reestablished Buy your War Bonds and Weather Report FORECAST Congressional quarters expect Mason City Partly cloudy with ie mectine to take ulncp abnnt risinp tfmnprnHito TI n i the meeting to lake place about the first of February with a sub sequent conference of all united nations as the next step toward formation of an international peace organization A full dress foreign policy de bate as the aftermath to Mr Roosevelts remarks on the subject in his message to congress last Saturday is expected in the sen ate Wednesday Speakers are expected to include Sen Arthur H Vandenberg R with an apparent official republican response to the mes sage Sen Burton K Wheeler D bitter critic administra tion foreign policy and Chairman Tom Connally of the senate foreign relations commit tee The altitude of administration supporters was best summed up by Sen Walter F George D former chairman of the for eign relations committee I think that any intemperate utterances al this time might be harmful George said I believe we should let the conference of Mr Roosevelt with the British and Russian leaders take place and rely on the president to present the American viewpoint CRUSHED TO DEATH Ely Minn Peshel 49 was crushed to death Monday night when the electric dump truck he was operating at the Buy your Var Bonds and Oliver mine went off the tressel GlobeGazette and plunged 35 feet down the side of an ore slock pile rising temperature Tuesday night and Wednesday Occasion al light snow Tuesday night and early Wednesday Lowest Tues day night about 10 at Mason City Iowa Cloudy and slowly rising temperature Tuesday night and Wednesday Occasional light snow northwest portion Tuesday night and north and east por tions Wednesday Minnesota Occasional light snow war and slowly rising temperature becoming colder again north west portion by late afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 16 above Minimum Mon night 16 below At 8 a m Tuesday 16 below At 10 a m Tuesday 8 below At p m Tuesday I above YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 16 2 It all depends on the and he president refused to predict vhen the shooting will stop in Surope or anywhere else reaches a climax of Mr Roosevelt sent up his for the hjch starts next In it Jie estimated total gov rnment spending at 83 billions That would be the lowest in 3 YOURShoTeTn Public Debt to Go Above Washington share of Ihe public debt is going above 000 in the next fiscal year If youre interested in settling if you do youll have to keep right on paying exact figure is calculated at 11812 on June 30 1948 That will be an increase of over the per capita debt next June 30 Thats on the basis of a census estimate of a population of 138 000000 and budget estimates put debt at years Its nearyl7 billionbelow the record spending of 100 billion m the fiscal year 1945 which is now half over He based the 83billion figure on a guess thatthe war will re quire 70 billion dollars The other 13 billions are for 1 Ordinary government ex penses Those would be reduced from 53502000000 to 53266000 000 which he called rockbot tom 2 Three large items which are growing to veterans interest on the public debt and refunds to taxpayers Mr Roosevelt said estimates tor 1948 war costs have ranged from less than GO billions to more than 30 on various war possibilities He hit upon 70 billions as a tentative figure hut the rate of actual spending must depend on developments on the battle fronts War costs in the present fiscal year are about 89 billion dollars Nro matter what if Germany fights on for another year and a spending is expected to drop in fiscal 1916 This is because initial equip ment for the army and navy is about complete the huge w a r building program is nearly ended and our long supply lines are filled with moving supplies Budget Director Harold D Smith put it this way We are shifting from a building up to maintenance basis Holding a news conference Smith said of the budget and the war We are working on guesses months ahead Mr Roosevelt taking no chances war uncertainties said he plans to ask congress for 87 bil lion dollars in appropriations of which 73 billions will be forlhe These appropriations he said uvj7 iioing iimjcj aiuiu jauuiJd nc sain Tuesday night and Wednesday will make sure that the armed forces can make adequate plans to keep fighting allover the world If the war develops fav orably the leftover funds will be set aside and reported to congress However the president cau tioned that there has been over optimistic speculation abcut the possible cut in war spending when Germany is crushed We would make a great mistake he declared if we underestimated the task whipping Japan He sent up detailed requests for Chief Items of WrHrre fre S0me of the chiet items in the govern ment s budget for the fiscal year starting July 1 compared with esti mates for this year and tmal figures for last year Millions of Dollars War expenditures S70 000 Total expenditures 83J03 Net receipts 41255 Public debt start of year Public debt end of year 292300 Debt increase during year 40 500 Appropriations and authorizations 86767 1945 99688 45730 201003 251800 50797 97211 1914 95273 44149 136696 201003 64307 127956 ;