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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 9, 1940, Mason City, Iowa HARLC t K HIST fl OF NORTH DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVI ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS TUVL LEASES WIRES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY THE SRIGHT SPOT MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JANUARY 9 1940 THIS PAPEK CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 80 EXPECTS GRIM WAR ON WEST FRONT Army Men Are Rulers of Japan By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist Its notable that Kensuke Hori nouchi Japans ambassador in Washington has informed the state department that the Tokio govern ment c a nt conclude an effects ve treaty with the U n i ted States until its in dorsed by Nip p o ns military class E v e r y b ocly who k n o w s about Japan is aware that this always has been the case Horinouchi However no spokesm a n ever has admitted it before The Japanese civil adminislra tiort undoubtedly means as well as any other countrys It in tends its word to be good inter nationally The qualification is that its pledge invariably is sub 1 e c t to the militarists veto Veto isnt quite the right word either The militarists dont do any formal vetoing It their na tions diplomats make a compact that the militarists dont like the latter simply pay no attention to it A deal with the Tokio foreign office is different from a deal say Herr Hitler Its gen erally recognized that Adolfs isnt good for much Still if he gives it and wants to keep it he can do so If he breaks it he does it intentionally If the Jap anese civil governments word is ibrokea its because the civil gov erfTment In the past though Tokio hasnt been in the habit of giving an advance warning that there are military strings on its dick ers Its understandable that a Japanese foreign minister hates to make such a confession But this time Ambassador Hor inouchi trying to put through a longtime trade pact with Uncle Sam urprecedentedly states frankly in effect Well do what we promise to do provided our militarists will let us do it Trying to Be Fail Doing its best to be on the level civilian Tokio has sent a mission to China most of the mikados army bosses are there now to get Nippons big militarists if possible to put their thumb print on an allaround binding treaty between Tokio and Wash ington Two questions arise 1 Will the militarists agree 2 If they agree can they be trusted Ambassador Horinouchi and his superior Foreign Minister Nomura can be trusted so f a r as their good intentions go But the Jap militarists arent trusted any farther than Herr Hitler is It isnt altogether that theyre de liberately faithless theyre re garded as 100 per cent irrespon sible Japanese diplomacy is modern Its as uptodate as Washing ton is It takes economic consid erations into account Its reas onable Its afraid of a commer cial embargo It sees a bit into the future Japanese militarism is medieval that its almost pre historic It hasnt a lick of intel ligence Foreign Minister Nomura gets along with United States Am bassador Joseph Grew all right Theres nothing the matter with these diplomatic conversations Minister Nomura makes conces sions to the United States very readily but the Japanese mili tarists in China dont respect cm 3 a Japanese Peculiarities It takes what Ive had some thing of a residence in Japan to appreciate the countrys peculi arities Superficially its quite civilized Thats becausethe shorttime vis itor meets only businessmen newspapermen and civil states in touch with the western world But get a little acquainted with Japanese inner life Visit a few of their thea ters Note the predominance of the old samurai sentiment Its the same thing that made Captain Langsdorff of the Graf Spee kill himself Win or die is the Japanese military motto The militarist wins or lie com mits harakiri There wont be much Japanese military ground yielded in China or its a safe bet that therell be an epidemic of harikari GAVAGAN WILL SEEK CHANGE IN LYNCHING BILL Would Remove Provision Exempting Violence in Labor Disputes WASHINGTON Represen tative Gavagan DN Y an nounced to the house Tuesday that he would move at the proper time to eliminate from his anti lynching bill a provision exempt ing violence in connection with labor disputes He stated this intention at the start of debate on the measure which would impose penalties on peace officers who permit lynch ings and on the political subdi visions in which they occur if The provision which Gavagan said he would attempt to strike out says Lynching shall not be deemed to include violence occurring dur ing the course of picketing or boy cotting or any incident in connec tion with any labor dispute x x x Gavngan probably will offer his motion when the bill is opened to amendment Wednesday Only a handful of the legisla tors were present when the house convened an hour early at 10 a jn in an effort to complete six hours of debate by nightfall Representative Wadsworth R N one of the few northern opponents of the bill told his col leagues it could never be en forced As the oppositions first speaker Wadsworth was greeted by applause from southern mem rjr Ottief congressional develop ments included an announcement by Admiral Harold H Stark to the house naval affairs committee that the navy is seeking funds again this year for harbor im provement at the far eastern Pa cific island of Guam A 000 000 appropriation for that purpose svas refused by congress last year the sum now sought is 34000 OOO Stark also disclosed that present naval studies indicate this country eventually may build battleships of 50000 to 52000 tons but not larger Two capital ships for which funds are being asked this session he said will be 45000 ton vessels similar to two of that ton nage for which appropriations were made a year ago The debate on the antilynchirj bill was expected to avail nothing more than to put the participants on record for political use FRENCHSESSION ENDS IN UPROAR Fight Between Rightists and Former Communists Occurs in Parliament PARIS A fight between rightist members and a handful of former communist deputies Tuesday marked a riotous begin ning of the 1940 session of the French parliament The communist party in France was outlawed shortly after the start of the war As the session opened 12 for mer communist deputies some of them in appeared on the floor of the chamber Georges LevyAlphandery dean of the chamber was about to de liver a speech just after the ses sion was declared open at 340 p m a m C S T when nghtest deputies objected to the presence of the former commun ists In the uproar that followed LevyAlphandery temporarily sus pended the session Premier Daladier did not at tend because of a fractured foot Daladiers injury also caused postponement of a cabinet meet ing scheduled earlier The in jury was announced Monday but it was not disclosed how it hap pened Objects to Trolleys Bell Smashes Window DENVER Edelen 23 doesnt like to have a street car bell clanging at him while picking his way across an icy street So he smashed a window of the car slicing an artery in his wryt He just had an irresistible uige he told Patrolman E W Rogers He was held tor investi gation V A Cup for the Colonel Demo Bigwigs Predict F R to Go Unsolved for Weeks and Perhaps Months Roosevelt Silent on 3rd Term as Wallace Jackson Urge Race Each year the management of the Northwestern Slates Portland Cement company makes Hanson assistant plant superintendent since the organization of he cunmanv is shmvn fbovc rJ STORY AND PICTURE OX PAGE 11 IOWA MERCURY NEAR NORMAL Continued Cloudy Weather Forecast in te January weather back to Iowa Tuesday but the weather bureau predicted light snow in the east and south portions of the state Temperatures ranged Monday from a high of 26 degrees at Dav enport to a low of one above zero Monday night at Omaha Mason Citys minimum was 14 Clouds covered the northern section of the state and cloudy weather will be prevalent Wed nesday the bureau said Temperatures are expected to rang from 10 to 20 degrees in the state Tuesday night ranging near the normal mark Tuesday morn ing Iowa Youth Jlurt in Accident Is Dead COLFAX Robin son 19 year old farm youth died in a hospital here Tuesday of in juries suffered in an automobile crash Robinson was riding in a car which collided with a stalled coal truck on highway 17 three and a half miles north of here The Weather FORECAST Mostly cloudy Tues day night and Wednesday probably occasional snow east and south mostly light not so cold extreme south Tuesday night MINNESOTA Mostly cloudy and unsettled Tuesday night and Wednesday light snow northeast Tuesday night slightly colder Tuesday night except extreme westcentral and extreme southeast Iowa shippers forecast Tuesday night Northwest northeast 15 southeast southwest 15 IN MASON CITY for 10 20 GlobeGazette tics Maximum Monday Minimum Monday night At 8 a m Tuesday Snow YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precip weather statis 23 14 15 race 48 38 12 Judge Rules Out Suit on Redistricting EMMETSBURG District Judge F C Davidson Tuesday for the state senatorial race Action was on the defendants motion The suitwas brought on grounds Iowa has not been re districted since 1911 and was part of northwest Iowas attempts to obtain more representation in the legislatures upper house The judge expressed regret that legislatures have ignored the re districting question but declared courts have no power to compel the legislative action He said to grant an injunction against the secretary of state would amount to an improper in tent to indirect control of the legislature 33 HURT IN NAZI PLANEATTACK Wounded by Machine Gun Fire Danish Vessel Bombed Sunk LONDON yp Thirtythree men were wouided mostly by ma chinegun fire and one Dannish vessel was bombed and sunk as German winplanes were reported to have attacked II ships off Britains coast Tuesday Crowds on the cliffs of the northeast Scottish coast saw a bomb hit the stern of a Danish vessel which sank in about three hours The crew of this ship the name of which was not disclosed was rescued by nearby vessels So near the coast was part of the encounter that onlookers heard the rattle of machineguns One of the vessels attacked it was reported was a lightship which was machinegunned in termittently for half an hour one man being killed and 32 injured as the aerial fire raked the deck This vessel was relieving another lightship off the cast coast o Scotland when attacked BROWNS RACK BROKEN HOLLYWOOD broken back will keep comedian Joe E Brown in a cast a month or more Brown was hurt Dec S in a traf fic accident At first his injuries were believed slight but Dr James W Young disclosed the back fracture BUS DRIVERS GQ BACK TO WORK Term of Settlement Not Revealed After WASHINGTON Roosevelts plateside chat to Jackson day diners lauding inde pendent political thinking and joshing everyone from republicans to himself brought cheers and left unanswered Tuesday the question of his fu ture plans Democratic leaders who heard the chief executive make a jovial and philosophical talk at Monday nights SlOOaplatc celebration interpreted his remarks variously as an indirect bid for a third term as a valedictory or merely as a studied effort to keep em guess ing Most of the parly bigwigs laughingly agreed w i t h Mr Roosevelts own comment how ever that he was a selfmade riddle and predicted that the riddle would go unsolved for weeks or months if t f Even though ihc president failcil to allude o the third term issue Secretary Wallace speaking in Des Moines said flatly that he hoped the nom inee in 1940 would be President Roosevelt And at Cleveland Robert H Jackson newly ap pointed attorney general came virtually as close to advocating a third term Frivolity was he keynote of the dinner here and Mr Roosevelt was in a storytelling mood But his speech had some serious mo ments Taking as his theme By Their Motives May Ye Know Them he told his hearers in Washington and at 44 other dinnersthat it was not uuuvli will return to work Wednesday morn ing after having been out on strike for nearly four weeks it was an nounced Tuesday Settlement of a controversy over wages hours and pay for time lost during the strike by Hie 10 drivers was negotiated in a meeting Mon day morning with Frank Wcnig conciliator for the federal depart ment of labor Terms of the settlement were not revealed but a joint statement was issued expressing the hope that the public will understand that the matter has been settled to the entire satisfaction of all concerned J E Osborne arranged with the drivers for a meeting at oclock Tuesday evening to plan shifts to be taken by the various men Attending the meeting Tuesday morning in addition to Mr Wcnig and Mr Osborne were Charles E Corn well attorney for the com pany Joe Pease business agent and Virgil Shook representing the union and NeJs Landgrcn of the Mason City Trades and Labor as sernbly REDS MASS FOR NEWASSAULT Finns Report Soviet Forces Temporarily Exhausted on Fronts HELSINKI A Fin nish official said Tuesday that a lull prevailing on all fronts in dicated that the invading Russian forces were momentarily ex hausted and were eathering strength tor a new assault Finnish army communique came almost lo a standstill on all fronts during the last 48 hours as far as significant mili tary actions were concerned the Finnis harmy communique indicated The spokesman said Tuesday that he believed no important Russian offensive could be ex peeled for some time LOOK INSIDE FOR People tell me he went on that I hold to party ties less tenaciously than most of my pre decessors in the presidency thai have too many people in my administration who arc not active party democrats I admit the soft impeachment My answer is that I do believe party organization but only in proportion to its proper place in government The future he asserted lie with those wise political leaders who realize that the great pub lic is interested more in gov ernment than in politics that the independent vote in this country has been steadily on tlie increase X The growing independence of voters after all has been proved by the votes in every presidential election since my the tendency is on the increase I am too modest of course to re fer to the most recent the election of 1936 Party regulars who want I win must hold their allies and supporters among those indepen dent dont let us for get it Again putting motives above political tics the president said Alexander Hamilton Jctfersnn Lincoln and Jackson were alt he roes to him because they did a job which had to be done Motive in the long run is what accompanied by good manners he said If lead ers have good motives and good manners and at the same time knowledge of the different parts of the country and plenty of ex perience you can be fairly safe in assuming that they wont wreck your government Those in the audience who were looking for clues aliout Mr Roosevelts political thoughts considered that sentence a pos sible recipe for a dcmnoralic presidential candidate E v n Iiouffh he did not discuss the approaching campaign directly he included in Ms salutation io the 1100 quests Candidates here anil candi dates National Chairman James A Farley who introduced Mr Roose velt came closest to announcing PHILADELPHIA now after a century and a half the truth is out about Benjamin great exponent of thrift and other cardinal prin ciples He didnt always practice his own preachments In fact Franklin like some presentday folk had quite a lot of trouble in keeping sufficient funds in the bank to cover what he wanted to draw out The name poor Richard might easily have derived from his bank account rather than from his al manac declared President Wil liam Fulton Kurtz of the Pennsyl vania company He was over drawn at the bank at least three days out of every week President Kurtz spoke after a perusal of the early records of the Bank of North America where Franklin and many of his illus trious compatriots of colonial days kept their money Complete records of the bank V ins Bank Account Often Overdrawn first one established in the United States were turned over Monday night to the historical society of Pennsylvania They covered the period from when the second continental congress chartered the institution as a means or providing supplies and finances for promoting the revolutionary war down to 1929 In that year thn venerable Bank of North America was absorbed by the Pennsylvania company I An example of the banks serv ice in the revolution in this entry reporting progress in the requisi tion of 1000 tents for George Washingtons ragged army of pa triots Mr Thomas the bank faclor has made considerable purchases of cloth for tenis but as they are not yet cut out he is not able from the very diffeicnt breadths of the cloth to form a very accur ate judgment of their number He thinks however they do not fall short of 500 ENGLAND WILL GIVE EXTENDED AID TO FINLAND Chamberlain Says Lull in Hostilities Is Calm Before Storm LONDON in directly his dismissal of Leslie HorcBelisha as war secretary Prime Minister Neville Chamber lain in a win the war speech said Tuesday that lie would do what I feel to be right no mat ter how difficult or even dis agreeable that iray be Chamberlain uuid tribute li Finland in her resistance to Itussia ami proclaimed thai British aid o Finland will be no mere formality Chamberlain echoed a predic tion by French Premier Edouard Daladier that some kind of fed eral union in Europe may result from the war He said that the AngloFrench economic and fi nancial collaboration could be cx HAURY BRIDGES Deportation Order Is Canceled by Perkins PAGE 2 Iowa Business Marks on Favorable Margin PAGE 16 Golf FreezeOut Aid to Lawson Little Win PAGE 9 his own presidential candidacy when his bald head gleaming tomato red under the Klieg lights lie said with a broad smile Fellow candidates ladies anc gentlemen Homer Cummingd former at torney general and chairman o the dinner noted that he was sur rounded by presidential possi bilities and presidential improba bilities and introduced Vici President Garner as a salty per sonality Garner who is an announced candidate for president was ncx to Mr Roosevelt and pulled hi famous stunt of mussing the pres idents hair as he sat down ami applause after acknowledging the introduction He declined to make a speech AH the speakers including the president expressed goodnaturcc wonderment as to why Senator McNary and Austin and Reprc scntative Martin republican lead ers had not accepted free invita lions to the dinner Why didnt mir K u c s I s come air Roosevelt asked sol emnly I ffncss the real reason is that like the small boy Ihry didnt want to go lo heaven witii this hunch The president received his greatest applause when he de clared Most of those who complain now were tiie shouting optimists of 1929 I do not believe that the Amer ican people who swallowed that canned optimism in 192 will swallow canned pessimism in 1950 out of the same can Looking into the new decade Mr Roosevelt declared Behind us lies accomplished a really big job U was the creation out of tlie pure unadul terated the enrly thirties of n now spirit with which we can now face the forties That paragraph led one senator to say that the speech sounded like a valedictory But Senator Byrnes DS Car replied That wasnt any valedictory Didnt you hear the president say he was having a lot of fun in this job Some Disappointed Perhaps Because of No Air Raids Yet LONDON Min ister Chamberlain Tuesday de clared that Britains mastery of the seas was unimpaired and that England was ready to repel any invader from the air Four months have gone by aiid the air raids have not come he said after mentioning blackouts and other precau tions He drew lausliter a moment later when he Some people arc disappointed lierbaps tended to other nations of Europe and perhaps Hie whole world He continued his speech calmlv after a defective light bulb had set fire to woodwork over the platform on which he was stand ing V y He asserted that Ihc sole purpose of liis government was to win the war and he warned that the present lull in hostili ties in the west is tlie quiet calm before lie storm Chamberlain said that Franco British collaboration has been so valuable that when the war is over neither of us will want to give it up Chamberlain said that we have to face a phase of this war much grimmer than anything we have seen yet He admitted that if there is any lack of under standing on Ihc part of the Brit ish public of the war aims and policies of the government il is the fault of the government be cause Die people have not been told enough Weve got to do a lot of things we shall miss very much lie said We are making fight on land when the moment comes The prime minister said that Britain also must curtail impor tation of goods not necessary for prosecution of the war in order to leave foreign exchange and ship ping space free for purchase and Stockholm Completes Evacuation Plans STOCKHOLM Sweden complete plan for evacuation of Stockholm in any emergency has been completed The plan of ob vious significance because of the delicate position of the Scandinav ian countries since the start of the war between Finland and Russia 1 Germanys ally was understood to call for evacuation of the capital by all children between the ages of 9 and 14 years and by all ill and aged women and men NKVILLE CHAMBERLAIN Grim Warfare ;