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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 8, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY EDITED FOR THE HOME MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS THE NEWSPAPER THAT MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JANUARY 8 This Paper Consists ol Two One Associated Presa and United Press Full Truman Reports on Economic Situation SAYS NATION NEEDS LOWER PRICES Byrnes Resigns Post Because of Doctors Advice to Slow Down Washington senate unanimously confirmed Wednes day President Trumans nomina tion of Gen George C Marshall to succeed James F Byrnes as sec retary of state The speedy action came in a re publicandirected move to demon strate foreign policy unity The senate acted within 55 min utes after the nomination of the wartime army chief of staff was sent to capitol hill by the presi dent who accepted Byrnes resig nation Tuesday night with regret Previously in a 12 minute ses sion arranged by Chairman Van denberg the 13mem ber foreign relations committee had placed its indorsement on Marshall as the man to carry for ward the policies laid down by Byrnes in American dealings with foreign nations Vandenberg tsepped down from the presiding officers chair of the senate to urge speedy disposition of the nomination a move he said would demonstrate to the world that the United States has a con and effective foreign pol Truman Nominates Sayre for UN Trusteeship Council Post Fort Dodge Man Picked J by President to Serve Out Vacancy in ICC replace Byrnes thisFriday GeneralMarshall was consid ered certairTWednesday to endorse and support Byrnes foreign pol the firm stand toyrard he replaces Byrnes in the topranking cabinet post next week Both diplomatic and congres sional leaders agreed that Mar shall will carry on with the task of constructing world peace where Byrnes leaves off Hence capital interest in his fu ture policies was equalled if not exceeded by the as sec retary of state the 5star general will become firstin line for suc cession to the presidency and whether he likes it or lead ing figure among the 1948 demo cratic presidential possibilities Democratic and republican members of congress alike lauded Marshalls selection tempering their comment only with regret at Byrnes departure Chair man Vandenberg E Mich of the senate foreign rela tions committee called Byrnes resignation a major loss but de claredMarshall is rich in useful experience I wish him well in his great responsibility Senator Wagner a member of the foreign relations committee declared that Mar shall will be a very capable suc cessor but it will be difficult to replace Jimmy Byrnes Senator Connally former chairman oLthe commit tee declared there will be no change in policy under Marshall adding people are in agree ment with Byrnes policy At 66 Marshall isstepping into one of his most difficult and criti cal tasks As army chief of staff he did design the strategy of allied victory As secretary of state he possibly a great er of working with the foreign ministers of other major powersto complete the structure fo peace Byrnes only little more than a year older than Marshall attri buted his resignation to doctors advice early last year that he hac to slow down He said he could not remain secretary of state and do that Byrnes first asked last April 16 to be allowed to resign on July 1 expecting the European satel lite peace treaties would be com plete by then This was revealed in an ex change of correspondence with President Truman made jublic with dramatic suddenness by the white house Tuesday night When the treaties were not fin ished in mid1946 Byrnes agreed with Mr Truman to see the job through It was finished in early December and on the 19th Byrnes restated his desire to quit effec tive Jan 10 or as soon as his successor was qualified i Marshalls first major task all authorities agreed will be to equip himself through intensive work over the next few weeks for the BigFour foreign ministers meet ings at Moscow March 10 to begin work on the German and Austrian peace settlements Senate Approves Marshall as New Secretary of State GOP ENGINEERS SPEEDY ACTION TO SHOW UNITY GENERAL MARSHALL Secretary of State JAMES BYRNES Position Washington resident Truman Wednesday nominateti Francis B Sayre of Washington X C as United States representa ive on the United Nation hip council The nomination of Sayre long a liplomatic advisor and most re ently attached to UNRRA was jubmitted to the senate with a ong list of appointments made during the congressionalrecess The presidentnominated Vice Adm Louis E JDenfeld to the rank jf full admiral during the period of his service as chief of naval ersonnel the post he now holds The president formally nomin ated O Max Gardner former tforth Carolina governor to be ambassador to London and named A L M Wiggins of Hartsvilie S ST to succeed Gardner as un dersecretary of the treasury Other nominations included that of Richard F Mitchell ofFort Jodge Iowa nominated for the CC to serve out the remainder of he term of Claude R Porter which expires Dec 31949 Among the recess appointees whose nominations went to the senate were those of W Averill 3arriman to replace Henry A Wallace assecretary of commerce and Gordon R Clapp as chairman of the Tennessee valley authority succeeding David E Lilienthal who now is chairman of the atomicenergy commission Frank Creedon housing expedit er and Raymond M Foley na tional housing administrator both received recess appointments fol lowingthe resignation of Wilson WTWyatt from both jobs BALL SUBMITS LABOR MEASURE Bill Would Outlaw Closed Shop Contracts Washington Ball RMinn Wednesday introduced legislation to bar all labor con tracts which make either mem bership or nonmembership in a union a condition of employment The bill would outlaw 1 Closed shop contracts These require a worker to join a union before he can be hired 2 Union shop agreements Un der these an employer may hire a nonunion man but he must join within a certain period 3 Maintenance of membership contracts Under such contracts no one is compelled to join a union but those who do join must maintain membership during the life of the contract or lose their job Balls bill also would specifical ly prohibit the socalled yellow dog contract under which em ployers make nonmembership in a union a condition of employ ment Actually these contracts al ready are banned under the Nor risLaGuardia act of 1932 They also are classifiedas an unfair labor practice under the nation al labor relations act of 1945 Seek Slayer of Publisher Lima UR Police sqarched Wednesday for a group of un identified men who Tuesday night shot to death Francisco Grana Garland publisher of the morning newspaper LaPrensa and head of a large pharmaceutical concern MARSHALL MUM ON APPOINTMENT Enroute to Washington on Special Airplane Guam W General Marshall sped toward Washington Wednes day in his specialvplane in high spirits but silentas toMscourse of actibnsvtien he assumes his new responsibilities as secretary of state During a refueling stop here he was asked will you follow the same policies which Secretary Byrnes has supported The general smiled and said I would be foolish to answer a ques tion like that at this time Can you say anything of your plans at this time I am sorry I have to be silent for the present Marshall replied The general did not know of his appointment to the cabinet until he heard the news on the radio enroute here from Nanking said his executive officer Col J H Caughey Park Fairfax Alexan dria Va Marshall however knew his ap pointment was pending I had discussed it with the president He had asked that his arrival here be kept secret so he was rne with a minimum of ceremony by high ranking army and navy offi cers There were no photogra phers Marshall left for Honolulu about a 20 hour trip at 10 p m 6 a m CST after an hour anc 40 minute stop He will pick up Mrs Marshall in Honolulu and she will accompany him to Wash ington Report Truce by Extremists in Palestine Jerusalem IP Eighteen Jews were officially reported arrested n a policermilitary search of Hishon Le Zion early Wednesday and reliable sources said 5 were irominent in Irgun Zvai Leumi Jewish underground organization Seven others these informants laid were members of Irgun Zvai Leumi There was no immediate dcntificalion from police Rishon Le Zion a town of 12000 persons and the center of Pal atines Jewish wine industry was he scene 10 days ago of one of 3 logging incidents in which a British major and 3 sergeants were whipped by persons who said they were Irgun Zvai Leumi members The arrests came within hours of unconfirmed reports that the 2 most extreme Jewish underground jroups had declared a 60day xuce in their campaign of vio ence in order to ease tension sur rounding continued negotiations ipr a peaceful solution of Pales tines problems A Jewish agency spokesman said that allout efforts to bring an end of terrorism have been made in recent weeks and all kinds of efforts are continuing now There were widespread rumors in Jewish circles in both Jerusa lem and Tel Aviv that Irgun Zvai Leumi and the socalled Stern gang iad acceded to a de mand from Haganah moderate undergroundgroupvithal violence cejSse whilethe possibil ity of a peacefulfdiplomaticsolu tion remained to the Jewish quest for a nationalhome in Palestine In London a government source said the British cabinet would consider at a meeting Thursday a recommendation from Foreign Sec retary Ernest Bevin and Colonial Secretary Arthur Creech Jones that Palestine be divided into in dependent Arab and Jewish states This Creech source Jones said Bevin and had decided in principle that the only hope of bringing peace to the Holy Land lay in partition the creation of separate states The cabinet also is expected to consider whether to order British troops to smash the underground groups which have kidnapped flogged and killed British troops in their attacks Turtles Stage Rebellion Philadelphia If Three 60 pound turtles destined for a one way trip to the kitchen staged a rebellion in Leonard Yocums res taurant Wednesdayand in their brief moment of freedom they 1 Evoked out some piercing screams from a cook 2 Invaded the main dining room 3 Frightened 20 patrons send ing women leaping onto chairs for safety They withdrew into their shells when a successful counterattack marshaled bya policeman with a shovel got under way The pond erous turtles had escaped when a barrel in the storage room tipped That Oriental rugs were popu lar in Europe centuries ago is dis closed by old paintings When Paris Bordoni in the 16th century painted his famous ceremonial picture a fine Oriental rug was used for the center of the steps Jap Colonel Pondered 9 Days on Suicide and Then Froze to Death Tokyo Japanese colonel accused of wartime atrocities pondered how to destroy himsell for9 days then froze to death at the foot of Fujiyama the war crimes division of allied Head quarters disclosed Wednesday Col Masao Kusonose about to go on trial for ordering the bay oneting and shooting of 140 Aus tralian soldiers and some ci vilians of New Britain was founc in his boyhood barracks where he fasted for a 9day death watch ending Christmas day officials said His body waspreserved by sub freezing temperatures except for flesh torn away from his left eye and cheek by rats they said Near the body was an open diary in which the colonel wrote to the end His neatly folded overcoat and carefully aligned boots lay nearby Entries in the diary showed that the Japanese officer spent the en tire period mulling over how to kill himself Western Union Head Dies New York UR William Deegan 61 former president o the Postal Telegraph System and vice president of the Westen Union Telegraph company died Monday night at the Harkness Pavilion of the Columbia Pres byterian Medical Center AF Wlrepholti TUGS BATTLE PIER tugboats pour streams of water into the ruins of burned out pier 3 in New jiTork harbor Wednesday morning during the windspread AGAINST LABOR WAGE DEMANDS CAUSING BOOST President Advocates Present Tax Level and Favors Rent Controls Washington Truman told congress Wednesday that for greater prosperity Ameri ca needs lower prices and labor ought not to press wage demands which will keep them from drop ping He sent the legislators a mes sage in which he also said that for the nations economic health they should A Continue taxes at present wartime levels B Ex tend rent controls C Increase social security benefits D Boost minimum wages E Extend the wagehour law to new groups F Start a longrange housing program and G Enact new labor laws Mr Trumans message was his first economic report under the employment act of 1946 That law requires that he and his economic advisers send congress a report early in each year on prospective business and employment condi tions in the following 12 months The main points he emphasized to the republicanheld economy minded congress were these The country should produce 5 per cent more goods this year than fire that razed the pier and spread to adjoining pier 4 The lire of undetermined origin muic y destroyed a number of railroad cars on the pier and some boatsall property of the Mew last and keel empioyment at its York Central Railroad company No injuries were reported recordbreaking level But the purchasing power LAUNCH DRIVE ON FILIBUSTERS But Move in Senate May Result in Talkfest Washington senators launched an antifilibuster drive Wednesday with strong prospects that it will carry to the senate floor and provoke historic debate a filibuster Senator Knowland RCal who with Senator introduced one of 3 proposals to smash the rule protecting unlim ited debate said he thinks there is a good chance that the rules committee will give the senate a chance to act on a change Know land is a member of the commit tee Other similar proposals have been put forwardby Senator Sal tonstall RMass and by Sena tors Morse ROre and Taylor All 3 pending resolutions are designed to blast out the rule by which senate debate now can be limited only by 2thirds vote and substitute a provision thata sim ple majority could apply a limita tion The house has hadsuch a rule for years Southern democrats declared immediate and outright opposi tion A midwest republican Senator Hickenlooper of Iowa counseled extra caution in handling the Iowa Legion Sponsors TPoint Program f or NextLegislature Deals With Housing Education and Other Problems Facing Vets problem Also a member of the rules committee which will pass on all 3 proposals Hickenlooper said he is neither for nor against their objectives at this time But he observed that a majority now can always stop a filibuster within a very short time if it is willing to do it f Hickenlooper recalled that las weeks filibuster against a drive to bar Senator Bilbo DMiss broke after the republicans had threatened to hold the senate in continuous session lowan to Colorado Paper Leadville Colo yp Echberg Burlington Iowa has acquired an interest in the Lead ville HeraldDemocrat and will come here later this month to take over the duties of manager Publisher Joe McConnell Tuesday announced sale of the paper to William PrescottAllen of Laredo Tex and associates 42000 British War Brides 29 Stranded New York the 42000 British war brides who have ar rived to join their husbands in the United States only 29 were left stranded in New York by hus bands who changed their minds authorities said Wednesday The trouble with the hitter Brit ish brides said the people who know is that they talk too much Loud too Makes you think there are thousands of them But it isnt so said the brides the husbands and the Red Cross which takes care of the girls who need a round trip ticket for their matrimonial journey Those British papers who called them brides of despair were not completely informed said some One was auburnhaired Kath leen Wood 22 of Winchester England pretty enough to be a topnotch model who was quoted in the London Daily Mail As far as Im concerned she said those stories in the Daily Mail and other British papers simply arent true and I never said anything that Daniel Green administrator of social services for the Red Cross said if there were hundreds o British war brides stranded and living in squalor in New York awaiting passage back to Grea Britain as charged in the London Daily Mail that his organization certainly knew nothing about it Green said that there weren1 more than 9 or 10 war brides in New York now awaiting to return to England United Des Moines Iowa American Legion is sponsoring a 7 point legislative program deal ng with housing education and other problems facing war veter ans B D Silliman of Cedar Rap ds department legislative chair man announced Wednesday The Legion recommended that the 52nd general assembly 1 Repeal the 26 year old stale lousing law which the depart ment said prevents construction of prefabricated houses in Iowa and discourages guilding of rea sonably priced homes for veterans 2 Provide adequate educa tional facilities for veterans who mve been barred by overcrowded conditions from the universities and colleges of the state 3 Appropriate sufficient mon ey to pay adequate salaries to taculty members of the state uni versity and the colleges 4 Amend the orphans educa tional aid fund act so as to extend to children of World war II vet erans the same benefits now pro vided for veterans of the first war 5 Limit the provisions and benefits of the soldiers preferance law to honorably discharged vet erans who served during time of rar 6 Designate Aug 14 VJ day as a state holiday 7 Allow increased appropria tions for the 4 state mental hospi tals and capital improvements at the institutions with emphasis on construction of receiving and treatment buildings The Legion termed the Iowa housing law as a curious mixture of provisions relating to plumbing sanitation and fire prevention It said these matters now are cov ered adequately in separate state codes and most cities have satis factory local ordnances The state law requirement that house ceil ings be at least 8 feet 3 inches high prevents building of prefabricate homes which have standard 8 foo1 Silliman said Overcrowding in the state edu cational institutions is circumvent ing the GI bill of rights and de priving many veterans of the ad vantages of that law Silliman added We deem it of utmost import ance that all veterans desiring ed ucational facilities should be granted them immediately upon discharge from the service and we request the Iowa legislature to provide these facilities he said Inadequate compensation has caused outstanding teachers to leave the state university Iowa State college and Iowa State Teachers college Silliman con tended We have a mandate from the veterans of Iowa to exert our in fluence to secure adequate appro priations in order that the state university and colleges may have on their faculties the best teachers and educators in the States he continued The Legion noted that its Aux liary with 570 units in the state las profoundly studied condition at the state mental hospitals where many veterans are patients and We believe the solution will be ound in increased appropriations or these institutions in capital improvements with emphasis on construction of receiving and treatment buildings We point to the improvement hat might result from the em ployment of a wellpaid psychia trist a wellpaid penologist and a wellpaid specialist in child wel fare The present commitment laws may need modification and special attention should be given to the confinement of juveniles The Legion will suppbrt any sound program that will improve the treatment of mentally disabled persons in Iowa Fire Guts Story City Hardware Postoffice Story City of several thousand dollars resulted Wednes day when flames gutted the Holm Hardware store and the Story City postoffice in a fire which also threatened a 3rd Main street building A truck was called from Ames to assist local firemen in fight ing the blaze The fire apparently started in the rear ofthe hardware store In addition to damage to the build ing most of the goods in the heavily stocked store were lost Contents of the postoffice were moved into the street Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Wednesday night and Thursday with no decided change in temperature lowest AVednesday night 2025 Iowa Generally fair with no de cided change in temperature Wedensday night and Thursday Lows Wednesday night 2025 Highs Thursday 35 north to 45 south Minnesota Partly cloudy Wednes day night and Thursday some what warmer Thursday and Thursday night with light snow Thursday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Wednesday morning Maximum 34 Minimum 19 At 8 a m Wednesday 19 YEAR AGO Maximum 25 Minimum 21 the people may not support those goals unless wage and price ad justmentsare quickly made A major approach must be through reduced prices 1 Rent ceilings should remain be yond mid1947 because a large increase in rents would substanti ally reduce consumer purchasing power Business can and should re duce prices wherever possible in order to bring about the necessary increase in consumer purchasing power to bolster markets Wage changes also are neces sary and management must rec ognize that greater productivity in some cases will permit bigger pay checks as well as lower price tags also that pay should go up where it has lagged behind living costs or where wage rates are sub standard But labor should refrain from demands for excessive wage in creases that would require price increases or prevent price reduc tions Wage adjustments like price adjustments Mr Truman de clared need to be made with a discriminating regard for individ ual situations throughout the economy In effect that appeared to be clear notice that the white house has swung away from the support it was giving a year ago for gen eral industrywide patterns of wage boosts It came at a time when the is sue has again been brought to the fore by the CIOs recent guide post report prepared by Econo mist Robert R Nathan The Na than report contends that average industry profits are large enough lo permit a 21 to 25 wage in crease Business spokesmen have countered that profits vary so widely from firm to firm that such broad assumptions are void Mr Trumans long economic re port based on recommendations of his council of economic advisers headed by G Nourse opened on a note of high optimism As the year 1947 opens Ameri ca has never been so strong or so prosperous Nor have our pros pects ever been brighter It went on I reject and I know the American people reject the notion that we must have another depression I am not referring to minor detours and bumps in the road we know we shall have Taxes should he kept at present levels Mr Truman said because in periods when employment is high and the total income Is large the rule of sound public finance calls for surplus in gov ernment revenues over expendi tures Conceding that the tax burden is great and should be lightened as soon as possible he cau tioned that when cuts are made they should be distributed fairly so as to lighten the load on the mass of consumers while also giv ing business the profit incentive essential for a high level of pro duction Mr Truman broke his recom mendations down into what he termed short range and long range programs On the shortrange for which he asked immediate attention were Raise the minimum wage above ;