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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 8, 1945, Mason City, Iowa rit NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME Of HISTORY ARCHIVE DCS i A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOLU Associated Press and United Full Leaded Wirw HOME EDITION TITTTTI One Mans Opinion A Badio Commentary bj W EARL HALL Managing Editor BUOADCAST SCHEDULE KGLQ Cily Sunday 5 m WTAD Qntacy HI Monday p m WOI Ames Weaneidar p m KSCJ Sioux Cily p m WSUI low City Wedneidiy p u Iowas Schools Are in a Rut IP you havent yet clicked or turned that dial of yours Ill thank you very much tor letting me come into your home to visit you about a subject which ought to be and I think is very close to your heart It has to do with those children of yours and the children of your neighbors More specifically its about our public schools My starting point will be that nothing is quite so important to the present and the future of our state and nation than that these citizens ot tomorrow shall have the very best educational advan tages that caa be made available to them If you accept this prem ise I rather think youll be able to go along with me to most of my conclusions AT the outset I think we should examine our schools as hon estly and objectively as we can and determine whether they are as good as they should be And the one best way I know to do this is apply certain tests to de termine whether our Iowa teach ers are the ablest and best trained that we can command There can be no such thing as a good school without good teachers At this point maybe a question or two might not be amiss 1 Are the ablest young men and women of YOUR OWN ac quaintance looking forward to a career of teaching 2 Why are Iowas teachers so delighted when they land job in some other York Illinois or California tor exam rle tO the first these questions think you are going to have to answer No Our ablest high ss ana united Prea Full Leased Cants a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY 81945 This Paper Consists ol Two One NO It SMASH BACK NAZI NORTH FLANK Japs Report Yanks Bombard Luzon Beaches THINK TO 1 school graduates generally speak ing ARENOT looking forward to a career of v To the second samanyof Iowas best teachers seeking positions in other answer plainly is that these other states have made the teaching profession more attractive than it is in Iowa Now were getting somewhere in our discussion Weve conclud ed that to recruit the best pos sible teacher material from the ranks of our young people and to keep our ablest teachers from moving on to other states we must somehow give the teaching profession an added appeal Hows this to be done FOR the answer to that one I cant think of anything more plausible or easier than study ing and making comparisons with those sclicol systems of our sister states which have out distanced us In each case first of all were going to discover that theres a better salary for teachers In Illi nois for example the average annual income is almost twice that of the Iowa teacher Who wants to believe that a teacher in our neighboring state to the east is worth twice as much as our that the Illi nois childs education is twice as valuable as an Iowa childs edu cation But the added appeal of teach iiij in these other states with which we like to compare our Iowa doesnt end with increased remuneration Almost as impor tant is that theyve provided re tirement pay and established tenure for teachers who prove their competence In short teaching in these pro gressive states has been given a true professional status When a youngster studies the field to de termine Vvhat his or her Kfework shall be teaching can be consid ered right along with medicine law dentistry nursing and those other professions which up to now have appealed most to our ablest high school graduates SOME will say of course that its a bit on the foolish side to pay teachers generously in the face of the fact that Iowa has been able to get by on a scale of low salaries Havent we the highest liter acy rate of any state in the union theyll ask And I think its well to take that literacy matter out of the picture here and now Its been established beyond argument that Iowas literacy and her schools are only remote ly related Our leadership in literacy bot toms on our national origins not our schools primarily Our racial stock has been drawn more large ly than other states from literate northern Europe rather than from illiterate southern Europe Lets not let oar thinking about our schools be distorted by any Illu sions about this literacy business TM perfectly willing to agree that unless higher salaries re tirement pay and assured tenure meant better schools for our chil dren we shouldnt assume the Continnea en Face 2 WILL BE MADE BY AMERICANS U S Headquarters Silent on Jap Reports of Impending Invasion By MAC K JOHNSON Pearl Harbor re ported Monday that 1 of 4 power ful American invasion armadas converging on Luzon in the Phil ippines has carried an unparal leled bombardment of beach de fenses in the Lingayen gulf north of Manila into its 3rd day and said a landing appeared imminent Some 400 to 450 American ves sels are bound for some not too clearly definable point on or near Luzon Tokyo said but warned that the American maneuvers were so complicated that false conclusions might be drawn Japanese broadcasts said Ameri can battleships and other war ships escorting 70 to 80 landing craft penetrated Lingayen gulf to within a few thousand yards of the coast and were hurling shells into a 27 mile stretch between San Fernando and Damortis the latter about 113 miles north of Manila Fighters bombers and dive bombers from 10 aircraft carriers supported the bombardment with treetop strafing and bombing at tacks Tokyo said This is the enemys usual tac tics preceding a a Japa nese ipomei dispatch froni Luzon are strainini their of land ing craft for the enemy may ap proach the shores at any time American headquarters here am in the Philippines remained silen on the enemy reports of impend in landings but announced nev neutralization raids against Luzon and the capture of Paluan in the northwest corner of Mindoro is land and 9ft miles southwest Manila The expanding American hole on Mindoro coupled with the oc cupation of Marinduque to thi east and Japanese reports o operations in Lingayen gulf ap peared to be setting the stage fo an amphibious pincers assaul against Manila Landings on Luzon both north and south ol Manila would follow the Japanese pattern for the con quest of the island in December 1941 The Japanese put their main force 80000 troops ashore in the Lingayen gulf and soon afterward landed other sizeaWe forces south of the capital which fell Jan 2 1942 Planes of the 3rd fleet shifting their sights from battered Formosa and Okinawa farther north joined Sen Whitehill Dies of Heart Attack Shortly After Assembly Meets Des Moines Stanley L Hart Monday was elected president pro tempore of the senate after Sen B C Whitehill designated for the post died of a heart attack Harts election took place less than 2 hours after the 51st gen eral assembly convened to start the states 10th wartime session Hart 48 year old cooperage manufacturer was chosen at a caucus of republican senators shortly after Whitehills death and was elected by 2 vote of 45 to 0 when the senate reconvened Five senators were absent Hart is serving his 5th term as a legis Cold Wave Is Blowing In From Canada By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A new cold wave was blowing in from central Canada Monday and forecasters said it would spread over the entire midwest night and bring zero or lower temperatures to several states It was 25 below zero in northern Minnesota Monday morning al most as frigid in North Dakota and eastern Montana and slightly below zero in South Dakota The cold snap will spread as far east ward as Ohio by Tuesday morn ing Forecaster Howard Kenny of the Chicago weather bureau pre dicted Only slight snow flurries heavy snows or blizzards are expected to accompany the temperature drop he said Minnesota was bundling up for 20 to 30 below in the northwest and 10 to 20 below in the south and east portion Monday night Iowa probably will get 5 to 10 below in the north and zero in the south Wisconsin 15 to 20 be loyv ni the north and 5 belowin the south Illinois and Indiana zero Michigan in the south and zero to16 below later Fourteen bills were introduced in the senate 13 of them designed primarily to extend to veterans of the present war the benefits the state granted soldiers in the first world conflict The other measure by Senator Ross R Mowry would require 3day notice by a tenant of his intention to vacate any building where damage might be occasioned by freezing Failure to give such notice would be a punishable misdemeanor The house adjourned until 2 p m Monday and the senate until 10 a m Tuesday Both houses vill meet in joint session at 2 p m Tuesday to canvass the vote cast in the general election or governor and lieutenant gov ernor Sen B B Hickenlooper who signed as governor last week wiiraddress joint TJesslomHe s expected to make several sus in the north The cold wave is expected to continue throughout Tuesday but it may warm up Kenny predicted Wednesday Douglas MacArthurs aircraft Saturday in with Gen laudbased destroying 45 Japanese planes and damaging 14 others in a series of raids in and around Luzon In addition to the invasion armada already bombarding Lu zon Tokyo said 3 others were sail ing through Philippine waters ap parently bound from Leyte to the Lingayen gulf One task force including 150 transports was said to be cruising westward below Mindoro another of undisclosed size was moving west in the Mindanao sea and the 4th with an escort of battleships or large cruisers and destroyers was in waters south of Negros island All 4 armadas were under air attack and that in the Lingayen gulf also was blasted by shore batteries Tokyo said claim ing that 32 war vessels including 6 aircraft carriers and 18 trans ports already bad been sunk or damaged Listed as instantly sunk were 23 ships comprising 3 carriers a battleship 2 battleships or cruisers a cruiser and 16 transports Nine other vessels comprising 3 car riers 2 battleships or cruisers 1 unidentified large trarcraft a de stroyer and 2 transports were said to have been damaged A later broadcast said 40 war ships and transports had been sunk but did not detail the losses It estimated that the convoy in the Lingayen gulf carried a division of troops and speculated that the main force 2 to 3 divisions was aboard the ships below Mindoro The Japanese Domei agency painted a lurid picture of the bom bardment of Lingayen gulf where it said coastal positions at San Fer nando Bauang and Damortis the latter 19 miles northeast Lin gayen had been under fire since Saturday San Fabian half way between Damortisand Lingayen low temperatures reported for Monday morning by the weather bureau included International Falls Minn 25 Grand Forks and Pembina N Dak 24 It ranged from 13 to IB in other parts of North Dakota 8 to 12 in eastern Minnesota and around 6 in South Dakota Iowa reported 11 above in the north and 26 in the south and Wisconsin 5 above in the north and 22 in the south Snow and Sleet Covers Highways Des Moines now and sleet covered Iowa highways Mon day as the weather bureau fore cast a severe cold wave would hit the state during the day Snow or freezing rain was fall ing in ail sections of Iowa Mon day morning and the bureau said the mercury might drop to 18 be low zero in the north central sec tion Monday night or early Tues day Highways were slippery and in some sections visibility was re duced to onefourth of a mile by falling snow The weather bu reau said light snow would con tinue throughout the day but that skies would clear Monday night Tuesday will be fair and con tinued cold it added Light snow amounting to between half an inch and 1 inch fell throughout the state overnight The state highway commission said roads were slippery and driving hazardous It gave these midmorning road reports Central heavily j Visibility onehalf mile Highways covered becoming slick North One to 2 inches on roads Becoming hazardous Vis ibility onehalf mile Highways slippery Visibility onefourth mile Some packed snow S p u t h w e s one fourth mile Highways icy haz ardous Snowing Snowing Visibility onefourth to threefourths of a mile Highways near Ottumwa slippery Light snow and fog Freezing rain and slick roads near Fort Madi son and Burlington Light snow at West Liberty with highways icy and very hazardous The lowest reading in the slate early Monday was 11 degrees above zero at Spencer and the high in the state Sunday was 36 at Sioux City also was shelled forj 1 day Domei said time Sun restions for changes in RECORD IX BEER TAX DCS Moines from the state beer tax in 1944 was the highest in history the state tax commission reported Saturday giving the total as Rev enue from the cigaret tax totaled 52483405 in 1944 which was a drop from the 1943 total the com mission said sue state laws particularly those govering the granting of paroles and com mutations to criminals serving life sentences Whitehill was stricken in the senate washroom and Sied shortly afterward at Mercy hospital Gov Xobert D Blue announced a spe cial election would be called in Marshall county Whitehills dis trict to name a successor The date for the election has not seen set Prior to the election members of the major politica parties will have county conven tions to nominate candidates After his election Hart imme diately took over the post from Sen Frank C Byers KCedar president pro tempore last session He will serve until Kenneth Evans REmerson lakes the oath as lieutenant gov ernor Thursday The lientenan governor presides over the senate The veterans bills offered by Senator George Faul RDes Moines and John P Berg R Cedar would among other things waive the 10 per cent pur chase price requirement for home stead credits on purchases under the G I Bill ol Eights exemp from state income tax the sub sistence income of the first in service pay of a veteran and al his service income in the event o his death grant veterans of thi current war a S500 property lay exemption and increase to the exemption of veterans of the first World war Veterans of the first war now get 5500 exemptions The legislature convened a a m CWT when Byer rapped the senate to order The house was called to orde 5 minutes later by Rep Te Sloane R Des in ac cordance with custom wherebv the lower chamber is opened by the senior representative from Polk county Prayer was offered in the senate by the Rev Thomas Doyle pastor of Emmanuel church in Des Moines and in the house by Bishop William C Brashares bishop for the Des Moines area of the Methodist church Immediately after convening the representativesselected Rep A H Avery R Spencer as tem porary speaker and A C Gustaf son as chief clerk Both houses adopted reports of their credentials committees headed by Rep Jay C Colburn R Harlan and Sen F J Pine R Columbus Was Advised Not to Attend Session Ees Moines Sen B C 69 R Marshall died Monday shortly after suffering a heart attack a few minutes before he was to have presided in the senate at the open ing of the 51st session of the legis lature Elected president pro tempore of the senate at Saturdays repub lican caucus Whitehill who had served in 5 previous sessions had been suffering from heart trouble BRITISH ARMOR MOVES INTO BATTLE Sherman tanlw manned by British sol SUPP the German salient in CAPTURE NAZI RADIO CARA German radio car which skidded and foundered on a snowcovered road feU mto the hands of American troops yielding a German officer and 4 enlisted radiomen The Germans hold hands high above their heads in surrender recently and was prevented by it from attending the caucus Friends said he also had been advised by hisphysician against attending the opening of the ses sion Monday A retired businessman White hill was a veteran of the Spanish American war and former com mandant of the I o w a soldiers home for 20 years He is sur vived by his widow and 2 sons After collapsing in the wash room he was removedon a stretcher to an ambulance for re moval to Mercy hospital Accom panying him in the ambulance was Rep John R Gardner R Lis a physician Sen Whitehill was born at State Center Iowa and was graduated from the high school there and from Grinnell college He operated a general merchandise store in State Center from 1S991930 and for the next 6 years was owner and operator of a wheat farm in Saskatchewan Canada from 1916 to 1936 he was commandant at the Iowa soldiers home in Marshall town He later operated a real es tate business in Marshalltown Gov Robert D Blue upon learning of Sen Whitehlls death said the loss is a very serious one of leadership in the beginning days of the session and will be felt keenly by everyone Senator Whitehill was one of the outstanding leaders of the sen ate in past sessions and the mem bers of the senate showed confi dence and affection tor him by selecting him president pro tem pore Streetcar Motormen Complain Public Is Suffering War Nerves Pittsburgh mo tormen complained Monday that the public was suffering from war nerves Sunday a passenger refused to pay his fare and when Motorman Robert Bergcr insisted hit him with i hammer In recent days One motorman was stabbed Another was slapped by woman who wanted to know why he wasnt in the army and didnt wait for an answer Weather Report FORECAST Mason Cily Cold wave Monday afternoon and night with tem perature about 18 below at Ma son City Tuesday morning Light snow followed by clearing Mon day night Tuesday fair and continued cold Fiesh winds di minishing Monday night Iowa Coid wave Monday night with temperatures falling to 15 below northwest and ranging to 5 below southeast Snow flur ries ending Monday evening and clearing Monday night Tuesday partiy cloudy and cold Strong winds Monday afternoon becoming light during night Minnesota Continued very cold Monday night with lowest tem perature near 25 below north and ranging from 10 to 15 be low south portion Fair Monday night Increasing cloudiness Tuesday with slowly rising tem perature west portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 25 Minimum Sunday night 15 At 8 a m Monday J5 At 10 a m Monday 7 Snow ii inch Precip 04 For a while early Monday the mercury was falling at the rate of a degree every 5 minutes YEAR AGO Maximum 8 Minimum Minus 13 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 17 Minimum Saturday 13 At 8 a m Sunday 17 YANKS RAF MAKE RAIDS London Britishbased American heavy bombers struck at Germany in daylight Monday T after 2 great fleets of RAF bomb i ers totaling probably more than 1000 twice hours planes Sunday Bombed Munich night within 2 MORE JAPS LAND ON CHINA COAST Gird to Meet Threat of American Invasion Chungking forces lave landed fresh troops on the coast of northeastern Fufcien pro vince in an obvious preparation to counter any American attempt to establish beachheads on the Asi atic mainland the Chinese high command announced Monday night The Japanese landed Dec 26 and advanced inland occupying the town of Siapu about 70 miles northeast of Japaneseheld Foo chow A Chinese counterattack rewon Siapu Jan 3 and the ene my retreated to the east the high command said The landing was considered as one in a series of enemy measures to gird against American landings on the China coast Although the Japanese have bisected China with a corridor to IndoChina much of the territory east of their line between Hankow and Indo China remains in Chinese hands The Chinese held most ot the stretch from Hangchow bay southward The Japanese apparently want to be in position to rush troops to any point where American forces might secure lodgment PATCH FORCES EASING THREAT TOSTRASBOURG Germans Begin Pulling Out of Blunted Nose of Bulge in Belgium Paris UR American forces drove through a swirling snow storm a mile to a mile and a half deeper into the crumbling north flank of the Ardennes salient on a 15 mile front Monday and the Germans BEGAN PULLINGOUT of its blunted nose The tide ot battle also swung in favor of the American 1th army in eastern France where Lt Gen Alexanders Patchs troops seized the initiative in several sectors compressed a German bridgehead north of Strasbourg to ease a threat o that city and drove the nazis back 2 miles from the high water mark of their Bitche bulge Supreme headquarters and front reports sketched one the most encouraging overall situations on the western front since the Ger man offensive began on Dec 16 Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges first army headquarters reported general gains along the north rim of Marshal Karl von Rundstedts shrinking salient in Belgium With the main eastwest road on the north side of the bulge cut and that on the south side under fire British troops at the western most sector of the Belgian front were advancing against negligible Germans Say U S Position Inside Strasbourg Serious Paris The Germans claimed tains north and south rot Strasbourg and that the American position iiuideUie city was serious They said the old muglnot line had been penetrated south of Wissemboure and that Germans in the Belgian bulge were holding firm The enemy claimed the recapture of the Hol land village of Ilemmen north west of NijRjegen which they said the Canadians took on Jan 4 resistance in some sectors while at others they found no sign of the defense front which faded back with a German withdraxval Hodges 2nd and 3rd armored divisions pushed their way south through the Belgian forests to ward Lt Gen George S Pattons northbound forces whittling down the waistline of the bulge to less than a dozen miles The 82nd airborne division cap tured Thierdumont Ridge 2 miles southeast of Vielsaim a choke point not only on the cut German escape route along the north side the bulge but also a roundabout roadway angling up from the Houfallize area Units of the 2nd armored divi sion stormed into Dochamps 5 miles northwest of the key trans port center of La Roche The towns of Jouniveal and Hebronval on the La RocheSt Vith highway fell to the 3rd ar mored after a German delaying action was overwhelmed The hamlets of Waivne Spi neux and Wanneranval clus tered some 3 miles south Stavelot along the Salm river where under fire most ol the day and in a twilight charge the 30th division stormed and captured the latter 2 Across the salient about a regi less than 3000 German observed disengaging themselves from Pat Says Bandits Getting Younger and Younger Seattle observed Policeman W S Millett when 3 boys about 10 years returned his missing pistol are getting young er and younger But Millett only knew the half of it The kids said sure theyd tell where they got the pistol A couple of SyearoIds gave it to them ACTRESS REVEALS WEDDING Hollywood Actress Sally Haines disclosed belatedly today that she has become a bride for the 4th time Her latest hus band is a navy flyer Lt C D Wadsworth Jr whom she mar ried last month in San Francisco tons grip They were breaking up into 4 columns formed in march ing order when Pattons big gnns opened upon them shattered the formations and sent the dispersed fragments scurrying northward Headquarters revealed that the British Gth airborne division which dropped near Caen in the first phase of the western front campaign now was engaged at the western end of the Ardennes salient It was also revealed that the so called German bridgehead north of Venlo in Holland was not a new foothold across the Maas river but sctuajy a pocket which never was mopped up The brightest reports from Al sace in some days told of definite compression of the nazi bulge in the Bitche area and the reduction of the tiireat to Strasbourg Patch appeared to have taken the measure of the enemys aggres siveness for the first time since the attack began on New Years eve North of Wingen which Patch had retaken another halfmile advance on a 3 mile front pushed the Germans back 2 miles from their deepest penetration This meant that the Sarreguemines Hagiienau road again was in American hands Llchfcnbcrg southeast of Rei perlsweilcr was in American hands The Germans tried several ;