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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 8, 1936, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME E R I 3 MEM S I E f T OF I 1 M n t Y i THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLII FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PKESS LEASED WIRE SBKV1CE MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JANUARY 81936 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 79 Reorganize High Court Black Urges Setup on Geographical Basis By CHARLES F STEWART ASHINGTON Jan S The suggestion by Justice Wil liam Harmon Black of the New York supreme court that the United States supreme courts membership be reorganized on a geographical ba sis is attracting a deal of attention in congress Justice Black also agrees with those who urge that the federa bench be deprived of what the New York jurist terms its assumed authority to nullif congressional acts as unconstitu tional Basically perhaps this is more important proposal than the plan for a geographical distribution of justiceships but it is not so new Presumably a constitutional amendment would be necessary to adopt the geographical idea If so Justice Black favors it Usurped Power To breaxv the supreme courts habit of outlawing acts of congress on the other hand might not require an amendment if as such legalists as Justice Black contend the nine old men in doing so simply are exer cising usurped the reme dy would seem to be to prevail on them to stop usurping it However no one imagines that they will stop it voluntarily Therefore for prac tical purposes an amendment ap pears to be essential to rub in the notion that they must What makes advanced liberals so determined to curtail the federal supreme courts authority is the con viction that they never will get a liberal while the country remains predominantly conserva cEpt by brief Spells Bench BONUS DEBATE OPENS THURSDAY say it initially is a conservative bench and a liberal ad ministration never remains long enough at the helm to change its complexion Occasionally a liberal is appointed during a short liberal interval But after that there invariably is a long period of administrative con servatism and several conserva tives are named and confirmed for justiceships The liberals see it as their only hope to revamp the system and gain judicial control some time when they have a fleeting now for example under the New Deal if they can work fast enough such drastic changes are hard to effect in hot haste Robinson Mentioned Liberals too are discouraged by the reflection that a supposedly lib eral president doesnt always ap point a liberal supreme court justice when a vacancy exists For example Shall we call President Roose velt a liberal If he serves a sec ond term he certainly will be called on to fill a supreme court seat or two Suppose one of the two lib eral judges should die or retire It Ttim jo Pace 2 Column 1 Administration Hopefu Nation Will Reject Court Views AAA AT A GLANCE By The Associated Press Farm administration officials continued conferences seeking a substitute for AAA More than 6000 employes awaited word as to when if ever their Monday night be resumed First hints came that 1000 to 1500 employes might be dropped within a few days Officials planned for the pres ent to attempt to continue oper ation of marketing agreements and milk licenses The administration rushed preparations for a meeting of farm leaders here Friday to con sider a new program LEADERS SPEED EFFORTS TO FIND PROGRAM WASHINGTON Jan 8 deal leaders speeded efforts today to find a new farm program President Roosevelt and Secre tary Wallace reserved decision to day on attempts to replace the AAA but gave assurance the government still hasa very real interest in the Theylunched to gether at the white house The house agriculture committee summoned to an unexpected meet ing by Chairman Jones D Tex of those who has conferred with Mr the drafting of five tentative plans for its consideration they were Five Tentative Plans domestic allotment plan export debenture propos al Says Iowa Will Vote Roosevelt WASHINGTON Jan 8 Justice Richard F Mitchell of the Iowa supreme court a democratic national committeeman declared in a conference with Postmaster Gen eral Farley we know Roosevelt is going to carry Iowa and were go ing to have a ticket that will carry the state with him to various states on condition that such states establish an adjustment program similar to the AAA for a land easing program appropriations to ndividual farmers who comply with the conditions Wajs Caa Be Found We feel Jones said after the losed session that ways can be ound under the limits set out in he decision to fashion a farm pro that will at least in a meas ure offset the disadvantages which the farmers have under the nation al tariff system The chairman said he did not know when the committee would down to work on the tentative iroposals but emphasized it would be as quickly as possible I Asked if any of the suggestions I discussed today originated at the AAA Jones only replied We will Turn tt Pncp 2 Colunut 5 Farm Bloc Meeting Called by Gillette WASHINGTON Jan 8 Rep Guy M Gillette D Iowa chairman of the prairie states so called farm bloc called a meeting Friday to discus sthe blocs program 1936 FORECAST IOWA Snow probable Wednes day night and Thursday Some what warmer in west portion Wednesday night MINNESOTA Snow probable Wednesday and Thursday rising temperature Wednesday night colder in north portion Thursday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Wednesday moning Maximum Tuesday 21 Above Minimum in Night 8 Above At 8 A M Snowfall Precipitation Whats in a Rules U S Fleet Roosevelt and Wallace Reserve Their Decision FIVE TENTATIVE PLANS DRAFTED TO REPLACE AAA Whats In a name Well there maybe each in the names of theseiwins O Earltowe ofIfvrin Pa near Pittsburgh Should the parents name them Rose and Marie and should it be decided the babies now called A and B were the first twins of the new year Ihey will be enriched by advertised gift of a motion picture concern Nurse McCune of Allegheny hospital is holding the tuins IOWA MERCURIES BACK TO NORMAL Temperatures Rise Again as Snow Blanket Spreads Over State DES MOINES Jan 8 temperatures headed back to normal and above today as snow spread over the state from west to east topping a blanket that already measured a foot and more in several areas Creston measured three inches of new snow this morning and it still was snowing heavily Council Bluffs reported 2U inches of new snow Sioux City more than an inch It continued snowing throughout the western part of the state as the snow moved in on Des Moines and central Iowa early this morning Des Moines soon measured more than an inch of new snow Mason City and Charles City in North Iowa followed with a report of new snow At Keokuk rain turned to sleet which the weatherman said would turn to snow Low temperatures forecast for to night are 25 in the north half of the state 2S in the southwest and 30 in the southeast These the weather man said run from 10 to 15 degrees above normal Mason City had 8 above and Sioux City reported a low of 10 last night 26 Above j Other temperatures ranged upwards I Inch I The high yesterday was 32 at Kco 09 of an Inch kuk and Davenport Uprising of Farmers Is Not Likely By PORTER M HEDGE Associated Press Staff Writer DBS MOINES Jan S arm leaders discounted today the uggestion that the supreme ourts decision knocking out the AA might precipitate another lidwestern farm uprising But they united as one in assert ng that Iowa farmers who had more at stake in the decision than aose of any other state will make hemselves loudly heard in their de mands for a new farm program They declared that the majority f farmers are considering the de ision soberly and intelligently but here is plainly evident a deep eated determination to carry Trough a campaign for a sound arm program Not True Sentiment They discounted the incident at 1 Ames in which the six supreme court justices who vetoed the AAA were hung in effigy as a college boys prank in no wise indicative of the true farm sentiment They pointed to the 76 per cent increase in the Iowa farm price index during the last two years and the sharp upturn in Iowa farm income as evidences that the pres ent situation is one to breed con sidered judgment rather than dis content They also pointed out that the farm groups which sponsored the farm rebellion three years ago have opposed the AAA from the be ginning No Thought of Violence Ray Murray state secretary of agriculture said farmers have no thought of resorting to violence but they are no less determined to press their demands for a permanent farm program Murray voiced an optimism not apparent in most quarters I feel that this thing will bring farmers closer together than ever before he said This thing is too big to be made a matter of politics It is a matter of policy not a political issue Farmers have learned that they have to work togelher for what they want They have become ar ticulate I look for more organiza tion among farmers than ever be fore Conviction Deep Seated j R K Bliss director of the Iowa extension service declared there is a deep seated conviction among farmers that they should enjoy the same protection and unity as indus try enjoy The sober and quiet Turn to Fnge 2 Column 3 OCONNOR ASKS ANOTHER TRIAL Attorney Asks That Case Be Set for January 13 at Sioux City SIOUX CITY Jan i H Free attorney for Edward L OConnor attorney general charged with conspiracy to violate the state gambling laws today filed in dis trict court an application asking that the OConnor case be set for trial a second time on Jan 13 His arguments were the same as those made for an immediate trial following the return of the indict ment that because of the office OConnor holds it is essential to pub lic interest and to the state of Iowa that he be given an immediate trial as the charge he faces interferes with his official duties Jury Called Jan 20 OConnor through Free also asked that the jury be summoned a week earlier in order to try the case the petit jury for January term having been called for Jan 20 He stated that when the case was tried before an outside judge was appointed and that he is filing the application for an early trial at this time so that if an outside judge is to be appointed the appointment may be made at once to prevent de lay Rice to Preside Judge F H Rice will preside over the criminal cases during the Jan uary term of the district court Although County Atty M E Rawlings has not committed him self in the matter there has been a persistent rumor that in all prob ability in view of the fact that the jury in the first OConnor trial stood 10 for acquittal to 2 for con viction the case would be dismissed on grounds of insufficient evidence BRITAIN INVITED TOBUY CONTROL OF ARMS PLANT Morgans Cablegram of 1916 Introduced m Senate Probe WASHINGTON Jan S dence that J P Morgan invited Great Britain to buy control of an American arms plant before this country entered the World war was introduced today in the senates in vestigation of war time finance The invitation was contained In a cablegram from Morgan to the Morgan house in London J P Mor gan and company then was purr chasing agent in the United States for Great Britain and France Dated Jan 14 1916 it said the Winchester Repeating Arms com pany was in financial difficulties Led Into War The point is would the British government be interested in pur chasing this stock or in making any suggestions regarding its purchase or would they like to investigate the situation with the possible view of J P Morgan and company interest ing others in the purchase in which event they mikght have to become a party The message continued The senate munitions committee which is examining Morgan and his partjjerseontendsiAanerican finan cial transactions with the allies led this country into the war It held in reserve today evidence that Morgans company supplied Great Britain with inside informa tion on American governmental ac tivity before the United States joined the struggle Spectators Disappoinled Morgan himself was questioned hut little as the second day of the inquiry wore on and a good many disappointed spectators departed But he was quick to quit smoking his underslung pipe and bark I cer tainly did when asked at one point if he wrote his printed state ment of yesterday that German acts not international finance sent this country into the war Repetition of that statement today by Thomas W Lament a Morgan partner brought sharply worded no tice from Chairman Nye of the com mittee that well make the record before deciding whether submarines or business were to blame Testimony Elaborated Elaborating previous testimony that the house of Morgan arranged the purchase of 53000000000 worth of goods for the allies prior to the United States declaration of war the company said the Bethlehem Steel company got of this business Value of the contracts received by other companies was given as United States Steel Products com pany Youngstown Sheet and Tube company 913 Winchester Repeating Arms company 525546842 Remington Arms U M C company 314 Remington Arms company Midvale Steel and Ord nance company Bald win Locomotive works Earlier in the hearing today evi dence that Morgan and company contracted for worth of rifles for the allies in 1915 before the United States entered the con flict was read into the record WASHINGTON Jan S Vice Admiral Arthur Hepburn above now commander of the navy scouting force was appoint ed today to be commandcrin chief of the United States fleet in IL general shift of the navy high command The new commanderinchief who will have the rank of ad miral will relieve Admiral Joseph M Reeves who lias held that post for more than two years The change in command will be effec tive in June after the completion of maneuvers and the return of the fleet to San Pedrn Cal Man Is Overcome by Heat at Davenport DAVENPORT Jan 8 Sounds silly in January but Ray Spore was overcome by the heat here today It happened while he was work ing on the top of a boiler at the Davenport water company plant I Hospital attendants said this condi COUOHLIN TO SUE RESERVE BOARD WASHINGTON Jan S Father Charles E Coughlin told re porters today he intended to file suit against the federal reserve board attacking the constitutional ity of the 1913 federal reserve act and all its amendments Snow Gives Jobs to 600 at Council Bluffs tion was not serious Hill Goes to Washington DES MOINES Jan 8 S Hill Iowa WPA administrator left for Washington to seek additional WPA funds and attend a Jackson day dinner COUNCIL BLUFFS Jan S Pi More than four inches of snow here in the last 12 hours sent 600 men to work cleaning the city streets to day Most of the men are being taken from the WPA rolls under the special ruling allowing them to clean snow from streets when un able to work in regularly assigned project1 LEAGUE ASKED TO CURB ITALY Ethiopian Plea Made While II Duce Plans Sending More Troops WAR AT A GLANCE By The Associated Press Geneva Ethiopia protesting Italian use of poison gas on the African battlefront repeated a demand for a commission of in quiry Leage of nations officials said the request would be consid ered at the council session Jan 20 sources pre dicted mobilization of five new troop divisions in an apparent move to inject new force into fascist field forces ships sent to the Mediterranean area at the out Tbreak of the war were ordered home by the British admiralty and five others sent on a spring cruise three months early Addis planes soaring over Gojjam province have dropped tracts urging a na tive revolt against the central government the Ethiopian gov ernment declared in a commun ique sources ex pected current sanctions sufficient to crush Italys war in East Africa and imposition of addi tional deterrents unlikely by the league POLICY OF MERCILESS EXTERMINATION SEEN Ethiopia asked the league of na tions to step into Italys policy oi merciless extermination Wednes day as unofficial sources at Rome predicted Premier Mussolini may dispatch 100000 more men into his African campaign Emperor Haile Selassies govern ment based its pica for a league commission of inquiry on alleged continued employment of poison gas by the invading fascists These are not accidental isolated acts attributable to individuals the plea declared They represent man ifestly inexorable application of a policy of merciless extermination of the Ethiopian people proclaimed by the Italian government in its press Four Ships Withdraw The British admiralty announced withdrawal of four ships of the home fleet which had been rushed to the Mediterranean during the first spurt of the war Simultaneously four other ships and a destroyer were ordered on a spring cruise normally starting in March The mobilization of five new troop divisions of the fascist army was declared by informed sources at Rome to he under consideration The move apparently to inject new force into the Italian field forces renewed reports that Marshal Pic Turn IP TnKC 2 Column t Denies That Vickers Was in Arms Ring LONDON Jan 8 secre tary of Vickers Ltd Great British munitions makers denied flatly be fore the royal commission on pri vate manufacture of arms today that his company was a member of an international armaments ring with business ramifications through out the world J Reid Young also chief account ant of the company said svich views while no doubt quite sin cerely held are based on a com plete misapprehension of the actual facts Great Britains leading arms makers were summoned before the commission reconvening followiing a recess within 30 hours after J P Morgan began his wartime fi nancing testimony before an United Slates senate investigating commit tee Not Ring Members Young told the commission It is desired to state now that Vickers Ltd its subsidiaries and as sociates are not members of an in ternational armament ring neither do they control any foreign compan ies whatsoever by shareholding by the nomination of directors or by agreements Sir Herbert Lawrence chairman of both Vickers Ltd and Vickers Armstrong Ltd testified that Sir Basil Zaharoff socalled mystery arms salesman had taken no part in activities of Vickers or its associates since 1924 except for retaining an interest in a Spanish company Viewed as Specialists Vickers said Lawrence look upon themselves as highly equipped spe cialists in the armament field de voting their attention to the more complicated and specialized forms of arms and leaving the manufacture of such items as shells and rifles to other countries He declared demand from abroad has resulted in the development of an antiaircraft gum which in com petition with the world has proved its prominence but added Our own government if it wishes can get full advantage of this develop ment Commander Sir Charles Craven managing director of VickersArm strong also was expected to be questioned by the commission Interest for Americans This phase of the British investi gation assumed particular interest for Americans as Craven is the British executive whose name fig ured prominently in the Washington munitions inquiry Senate testimony alleged that Craven was the author of the now famed letter to the Electric Boat company of New London Conn discussing submarine contracts Craven was said to have written in this document My friend at the admiralty will help us Publication of the letter in the United Stales resulted in wide spread uneasiness in Great Britain and was one of the factors influenc ingthe setting up of the royal com mission to investigate British mu nitions affairs RIGHTOFWAY IN HOUSE GRANTED VOTE ON FRIDAY Report Senate Leaders Willing to Accept Vets Bill 1 ENVELOPE FOR EACH DEFENDANT Government Lawyers Near End of Their Case m Drake Trial CHICAGO Jan 8 ment prosecutors ncaring the end of their case against 41 defendants in the Drake estate mail fraud trial sought today through records and letters to link the minor de fendants with the alleged conspira cies Attacking defendants individual ly Assistant District Attorney Austin Hall produced 41 envelopes for each ing remittance sheets pep let ters and other documents which the government charges were sent through the mail in furtherance of the scheme to defraud Drake estate investors First opened was that of J D Gough of Harlingcn Tex Gough Hall charged remitted 521919 to the Drake estate headquarters first in Matson Iowa then in Chicago and kept for expenses WASHINGTON Jan S House consideration tomorrow with a vote probable Friday today was assured cash bonus legislation The rules committee gave the right of way on the floor to the full payment hill packed by the big three veterans organizations It will be called up tomorrow and allows four hours of general debate The rule was granted shortly af ter the ways and means committee urged cash payment as an essential part of the recovery program But when Chairman Doughton DN Car of the revenue commit tee was asked by Representative Cox D Ga of the rules group whether the bonus bill approved by the committee was an administra tion proposal with the indorsement of the president Doughton re plied Committee Reports Not to my knowledge I wish it were The ways and means committee report said In the judgment of the commit tee the report said immediate cash payment of the adjusted service cer tificates will increase the purchas ing power of the nation It believes that it is an essential part of the recovery program that the present policy looking toward recovery ar gues strongly that this debt which is just due and unpaid should be paid in cash to the defenders of our country who rendered the services and paid in their lifetime More Money Needed The committee said that addi tional money immediately neces sary for payment would be about It added the con clusion that the adjusted service certificate is an acknowledgement that the war service of the then flower of our manhood should be recognized in a small adjustment of their service pay and that the vet erans should receive that adjust ment in their lifetime Prospects for the veterans organ ization bonus bill in the senate mounted with an announcement by Senator Steiwer ROre that he would be willing to accept the plan if this would expedite favorable ac tion Author of Measure Steiwer coauthor with Senator Byrnes DS Car of a slightly less liberal measure made the state ment after aconference in the office of Senator Clark at which Byrnes and leaders of the veterans organization were present Byrnes an administration consult ant said afterward the group de cided not to press for senate com mittee consideration of the bonus until after the house acted The hcuse measure has the solid support of the American legion Veterans of Foreign wars and Dis abled American Veterans Going Down Unp Representatives Vinson Patman and McCormack Turn tn pnce 2 column MAP OF AFRICA Africa has been the scene of war and conquest since the dawn of his tory Will it become the focal point of another World war The Ethio pian crisis now involves every major power of Europe As diplomats strive to avert a general war armies and navies have been arranged in ominous array about the Suez canal To keep abreast of the momen tous news flashing over the cables hourly from Geneva London Rome Paris and Addis Ababa every reader needs the new uptothe minute map of Africa available only through our Washington Information bureau Inclose 10 cents to cover cost postage and handling Use coupon Dan Sullivan Dies STORM LAKE Jan S Dan Sullivan 70 died at his home near Juniata The Mason city GlobeGazette Information bureau Frederic J Haskin director Washington D C I inclose 10 cents in coin care fully wrapped for the new Map of Africa Name Street City State Mail to Washington D CT r ;