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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 7, 1936, Mason City, Iowa MEM or NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLII FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE 5EBV1CB MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JANUARY 71936 NO 78 What About New Probe Will It Be Gesture Like Wickersham Affair By CHARLES P STEWART ASHINGTON Jan 7 Senator James P Popes proposa of a congression al investigation of crime condi tions throughou the United Statei is mentioned ii the press as bav in g possibilities of leadinginto an inquiry compar th able to W i eke rsham c o m m i s s ion work in Presi dent Hoover day in the whit house If a Pope qui is voted and if the Wickersham probe is all that it proves to b comparable to it will not amoun to much I watched the Wickersham coin missions work with more than tin average reporters degree of atten tion for my impression was tha prohibition was mainly responsible for the socalled crime wave and I to see the commission show that it was Regard For Drys It didnt show that and it didnt show anything It got off on the wrong foot in the first place During the 1928 campaign Candi date Hoover promised if elected to appoint a commission to investigate prohibitions effects Elected he didnt like to appoint quite that kind of a that a wet report would give mortal of fense to the drys who then seemec to be in a majority while a dry report would give equal offense to the wets who evidently even if in o minority were in a sufficiently sizablfe iihat they could not J revis the Californian named a cpinmlssidn to investigate crime in general not prohibition in par ticular Cheap But No Bargain The best thing to be said about this commissions activities was that they didnt cost much The commissions members from Chairman George W Wickersham on down were unsalaried They werent worth anything either Their personnel was made up of le gal advisers to big corporations and educators with a judge or two There wasnt a criminologist or a competent criminal lawyer among them The only one in the setup who had any social consciousness was Max Lowenthal the commissions he resigned in dis gust before the inquiry was com pleted Obligation to President But the congressional appropria tion for the quiz was a small one just enough to pay for a suite of of fices in the Tower building and a mOdest secretarial staff It cant be said that extravagance was involved Still the appropriation such as it was wasnt used as had been in tended It was voted at the behest of Senator Carter Glass of Virginia specifically to investigate prohibition it was employed to investigate crime in general The commissioners virtually were bound in honor to President Hoover not to find prohibition guilty of the crime wave They they found some fault with it Relic of Dry Days Later I have had occasion to ques tion Assistant Attorney General Joseph B Keenan especially in charge of the justice departments activities against interstate rack eteers and kidnapers concerning national outlawry and kidnapings Its a prohibitionbuilt system is Keenans verdict It will have to wear off by de grees in his opinion Senator Popes investigation doesnt appear to take prohibition into account however Its a leftover yet im portart maybe FORECAST IOWA Fair Tuesday night and Wednesday Colder in extreme east portion rising temperatures in northwest section Tuesday night Rising temperatures Wed nesday MINNESOTA Increasing cloudiness Tuesday night followed by snow in north portion Wednes day rising temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at S oclock Tuesday morning Maximum Monday 23 Above Minimum in Xigiif 4 Belou At 8 A M Tuesday 3 Below Rainfall 12 of an inch Snowfall 35 of an inch GALL CONFERENCE OF FARMERS Iowa Farm Leaders to Demand New Legislation MORGAN ADMITS SYMPATHIES ON SIDE OF ALLIES Says German Acts Not Financiers Put U S in World War WASHINGTON Jan 7 P Morgan told senate investigators to day that his great banking house turned loose with loans to the Allies in 1915 as soon as President Wilson consented to it Although contending German acts and not international finance pushed this country into the World war he said his firms sentiments from the beginning was with the Allies Senator Vandenberg member of the senate committee questioning the famous financier charged at one point that the early Morgan friendliness for the Allies had violated President Wilsons neu trality policy Changed Its Policy After hearing testimony that the Morgan company made no Allied loans while the state department opposed such a step Senator Clark DMo asked When the government changed it policy you changed yours When the government turned it self loose we turned ourselves loose chuckled Morgan puffing away at a huge pipe A capacity throng listened intent y as Morgan two of his partners eorge Whitney and Thomas W La mont and Prank Vanderlip war jme president of the National City bank were questioned in a group tommittee members shot questions alternately at each The neutrality question was up o the government Morgan said the bankers had nothing to do with Loan to France Vanderlip related between puffs on a pipe almost as large as Mor gans that his company activated one of the first loans to anAllied nation one for to rrance But he said it involved much ne otiation because of state depart ment opposition to loans to belliger ents Did you feel that if you could get a permit for a comparatively small oan Nye asked the elderly Van derlip that the barriers would be down and you could then put Jirough other loans I didnt give that a thought he laid Statement Is Read Morgans contention that finan cial transactions did not lead this ountry into the war was read rom a printed statement Committee members protested mmediately Some said it was not to questioning and erved only to interfere with the irogress of the hearing I object to any more stump peeches snapped Senator Clark D When the United States of America came into the war Mor gan said it was not driven into it y any individual or individuals or any class It came in because Ger many had made it impossible for the United States to refrain any longer lermany drove the United States nto the war by a series of insults and injuries resulting in the loss of many American lives any one of vhich injuries might have proved a ause of war had the United States ot been so desirous of maintaining Answers Senators 3 P MORGAN VOTE BY FRIDAY ON BONUS GOAL oughton Given Consent of House to File Report on Vets Bill WASHINGTON Jan 7 ouse vote by Friday on the cash onus issue was sought today by hairman Doughton DN Car of he ways and means committee He told reporters he planned to sk leaders for a procedure which complete debate and amend ments Thursday and obtain a vote not later than Friday Doughton received unanimous onscnt from the house to file by lidnight a report on he bill backed y veterans organizations His ommittee approved the measure csterrtav unanimouslv ITALIAN PAPERS RAP ROOSEVELT Grinnell Man Joins Brain Trust in Ethiopia as Political Adviser WAR AT A GLANCE By The Associated Press More Italian newspapers at tacked President Roosevelts neu trality pronouncements Unofficial reports in Paris said the British generalstaff is press ing for application of an oil em bargo against Italy Ethiopians celebrated their Christmas called Ganna at the front and in the capital city of Addis Ababa John H Spencer 30 of Grin nell Iowa joined Emperor Halle Selassies braintrust as assist ant political adviser The U S senate munitions committee began inquiring from the house of Morgan about the causes of Americas entrance into the World war ATTACKS ON AMERICAN NEUTRALITY STAND MADE Attacks on the United States neutrality program proposed by President Roosevelt occurred in Italys fascist press today appar ently with the full prior knowledge of Premier Mussolinis regime As the American congress studied the presidents and other proposals to keep this nations skirts clear of war two more ma jor newspapers of Italys govern ment supervised press Mussolinis own Popolo Dltalia of Milan and II Popolo Di Roma criticized Rooseveltian policies Two other organs have launched j man similar campaigns the Giornale Dltalia and La Tribuna II Popolo 19 Below at Spencer New Low in Iowa DES MOINES Jan 7 weatherman wrote a record low temperature so far this winter into his books 19 below zero reading at Spencer last night But he also noted a 41 degree spread in low temperatures over the state for contrasted to Spencers low was Clintons 22 above The cold wave held to western and northern Iowa until this morning when it began spreading east and south By tonight the weathermen forecast temperatures will slide to 15 below in the northeast section stop at 10 below in the northwest and reach 5 below in the south half of the state 4 Below Here Following Spencers low was the 17 below reading at Spirit Lake Then came Sioux City with 13 below at a m This was a degree lower than the 12 below reading earlier in the morning Council Bluffs reported 5 below Mason City 4 below Charles City 2 above Wa terloo 5 above Minimum temperatures ranged sharply upwards further east and south Des Moines recorded 8 above for its low Centervine and Cedar Rapids 10 above Dubuque and Keo kuk 18 above and Davenport 20 above Clouds Clear Away Clearing skies the weatherman said probably accounted for the maximum minimum temperatures and will help to carry lower tem peratures over the rest of the state tonight as the clouds continue to clear away Fair weather will bring rising temperatures tomorrow he said Snow flurries continued today in the central and eastern sections of the state Cedar Rapids reported the heaviest fall yesterday 3 inches HILLMAN QUITS SIMPSON POST Dr Harper of Indiana New President of College at Indianola INDIANOLA Jan S nation of Dr John L Hillman for 17 years president of Simpson col lege was announced today by the college board of trustees Simultaneously the board an nounced appointment of Dr Earl Enyeart Harper 40 president of Evansville Ind college to succeed him Dr Hillman was named president meritus of the college Di Roma said the presidents stand was due to necessarily imperfect and not profound knowledge of European problems Pressing for Embargo Unofficial reports in Paris said the British general staff is press ing for application of an oil embar go against Italy and the probabil ity of its initiation before Feb 1 was foreseen in diplomatic circles At the war front Ethiopians cel ebrated their Christmas buoyed hy fresh hopes for victory over the Italian invaders of their country Aiding them are continuous rains which for a week have pelted the northern front The highlight of the day called ganna by the Ethiopians was an imperial religious service held in the little circular thatched roof church of St Gabriels in Addis Ababas lower palace compound Crown Prince Asfi Wosan represented Em peror Haile Selassie while the king of kings participated in services at his Dcssye field headquarters International Law A young specialist in internation al law from Grinnell Iowa joined the emperors brain trust The newcomer John H Spencer 30 will be an assistant political adviser to the Ethiopian government In Washington the senate muni tions committee began inquiring in to the causes of Americas entrance into the World war in 1017 by call ing J P Morgan of the banking house as a witness The testimony obtained will be used in part bv those demanding mandatory neu trality legislation to forge a fresh Turn lo rnsr 2 Column 1 Dr Harper will take charge of the college at the opening of the second semester late this month Dr Hill remain at the college as professor of Bible until the close of the school year and his retirement E He Issues Call ANOTHER Request to Herring for Special Attorney Is Withdrawn SIOUX CITY Jan 7 Attorney Maurice Rawiings in a tel egram to Gov Clyde Herring today withdrew the request for appoint ment of a special assistant attorney general to investigate charges that a new graft protection ring exists here Rawiings and Mayor W D Hayes had asked the governor to name a special investigator to probe local existing conditions considered to refer to charges made by Joe Young as police inspector in asking the removal of Safety Commissioner Gordon C Hollar The county attorney told the gov ernor today that recent disclosures indicate that neither the stale nor Woodbury county is at this time an interested party in the Hollar pro ceedings Not Deemed Advisable Therefore he explained I do not now deem it necessary nor deem it advisable to appoint a special as sistant attorney general At the time the joint request was made it was understood that Fred Free of Sioux City who represented Attorney General Edward L OCon nor in the latters trial on gambling conspiracy charges would be pro posed for appointment as the special assistant attorney general The governor later said he would not appoint Free as long as the OConnor case was pending and while Free was OConnors attorney Young Ordered Fired Hollar became safety commission er a few months ago when H C Kuhlmann resigned under fire Younorecently presented affidavits which he said showed a new protec tion setup had grown up since Hol lar took office The council refused to act on his request for Hollars removal and the safety commissioner in turn or lercd Young discharged from the po lice feice Young has appealed to the civil service board from that ac tion A bill for S133 for meals for jur ors allowed today by the board of supervisors brought the total costs o the county of the OConnor trial to date to the total costs to the county of the socalled graft investigation to date to 596 MATTER ENDED AS FAB 4S STATE IS CONCERNED DES MOINES Jan 7 TVCover i Hearst Calls i on Bureau to Press Action By PORTER M HEDGE DES MOINES Jan 7 of the haze beclouding the death of the AAA emerged today the certainty that Iowa farm leaders will demand new farm legislation The nature of this new legisla tion has not taken form but the president of one large Iowa farm group has called upon its members to rally behind a movement to re build the farm program President Charles K Hearst of the Iowa Farm Bureau federation Dally Press PhoLo CHARLES E HEARST by the Methodist conference Bom In Missouri Dr Harper was born in Missouri and was educated at Nebraska Wes leyan university and the University of Nebraska He is a graduate o Boston University School of The ology He held pulpits in and near Bos ton for 15 years until he accepted the presidency of Evansville college a school of 400 students He had served there nine years Dr Hillman dean of Iowa college presidents in point of service came to Simpson in 1937 He previously held pastorates in Des Moines and Toledo Ohio As president of Simpson Dr Hill man has raised the endowment fund to one million dollars has seen the construction of an administration building in 1920 and has led in the founding of active alumni groups On Book Committee He is a member of the Methodist general coonfcrcnce and of the book committee of the Methodist book concern Dr Hillman was elected to a three year term as president in Feb 1933 with the understanding that he desired to retire when a suitable successor was found The special appointment commit tee of the board included A V Proudfoot William Buxton Jr and Dr Levi B Goodwin superintendent of the Des Moines district Get 10 Year Terms DAVENPORT Jan 7 ing guilty to robbery charges Rus sell Henley of Oncida III and James Parker Mills of Omaha were j sentenced to serve 10 year terms in i th Fort Madison penitentiary nor Herring said today a wire from VTaurice Rawiings that a special as sistant attorney general is not needed in Sioux City ends the mat ter as far as the state is concerned The governor had agreed to ap point such an investigator at the re quest of Rawiings and Mayor D W Hayes He said today he will abide by their opinion that the state is not concerned in the matter TEST 1935 RAIL PENSION LAWS Constitutionality of Still Another New Deal Act Challenged WASHINGTON Jan 7 stitutionality of another new deal 1935 rail pension challenged today in a joint suit filed in District of Colum bia supreme court by 135 of the nations railroads The railroads asked a permanent injunction against operation of laws imposing taxes on railroads and rail employes for a pension fund and set ting up a retirement system for em ployes at 65 years of age Joining with the railroads were the Pullman company the Railway Express agency and the Southeast ern Express company On Same Grounds The suit was based on substan tially the same grounds as the rail road retirement act of 1934 which was later declared unconstitutional The new legislation was designed to I correct flaws pointed out by the supreme court in the original act The bill of complaint asserted that the true purpose of Ihc taxing act was not to create revenue for the support of government but to furnish funds to pav pensions It was on this point the supreme court yesterday held the processing tax provisions of the agricultural adjustment act unconstitutional Fund Passing Scheme The rail complaint contended sep aration of the taxing provision and the creation of a retirement system in two laws was merely a scheme for passing funds through the treas ury for payment of pensions in cir cumvention of the supreme courts ruling on the original law The railroads expressed the hope that the case would be decided on its merits by March 1 effective date of the new law For this reason the complaint said they did not seek a temporary injunction but a perma nent restraining order against the railroad reticmcnt board and the commissioner of internal revenue HANGED IN EFFIGY Ames Jan S six United States supreme court jus tices who voted the AAA uncon stitutional xvere found hanged in effigy on the Lincoln highway U S No 30 one half mile west of here and a few yards from the Iowa State college campus Cardboard effigies of Justices Butler Sutherland Roberts Van Devanter McReynoIds and Chief Justice Hughes were discovered hung to an advertising sign by Harry Davis of Boone Iowa who was driving to Ames Davics notified police who cut the figures down All six figures were dressed in black robes which police said were made from cloth similar to that used in college graduation gowns The figures and faces were lifesize and each was iden tified by a cardboard sign bear ing the name of the justice There was no other identification or comment on the figures police said Police said they would investi gate the incident New Mayor Appointed IOWA CITY Jan 7 Coralville town council appointed C Frederick Robinson mayor to suc ceed the late Ed Koser Day in Congress By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS SENATE In recess Munitions investigating com mittee hears J P Morgan and others on World war financing Monday Heard President Roosevelts budget message HOUSE Meets at noon to consider pri vate calendar Foreign affairs committee meets to consider neutrality bill Appropriations committee meets to report out independent offices supply bill Appropriations subcommittee meets on war department appro priations bill Monday Met at noon passed several minor bills heard presidents budget message Ways and mean committee considered bonus legislation and ordered McCormackVinsonPat man bill reported out Appropriations committee con sidered war department supply bill Agecl Man Commits Suicide by Poison in Hotel at Boone BOONE Jan 8 sought today to establish the iden tity of an aged man who committed suicide by drinking poison at a local hotel They believed he might have been Alva H McGuirc Fort Madison penitentiary convict who was com j mittcd from Greene county in 1932 on a bad check charge and checked fingerprints and photographs with j Greene county officials last night issued a call to all county Farm Bureaus and the federations 15000 minute men to bring pres sure upon congressmen for new leg islation Will Meet Thursday He announced that national farm leaders who helped formulate the AAA in 1933 will meet in Washing ton Thursday to draw up new leg islation In Washington the AAA stunned by the supreme courts decision in validating the farm program was reported to have three substitutes under tentative consideration Creation of 48 state AAAs fi nanced by federal grants Payment of subsidies to farmers Turn to Iasc 2 Column 2 LEADERS ASKED TO MEETING ON 11 Free Suspect Held in Peacocks Death CHICAGO Jan 7 S Thompson chiropodist the only suspect held for questioning by the police in connection with the slay ing last Friday of Dr Silber C Peacock pediatrician was released today Lieut Otto Erlandson of the hom icide squad said he was convinced Thompson was not the man sought Submits Low Bid AMES Jan 7 Pitts burghDps Moines Steel company of Des Moines submitted the low bid for construction of n 300000 gallon water tank and tower here as a IWA project Chicago Market Completely Disrupted Top Mounts to CHICAGO Jan 7 D Hog farmers stripped of the production control and benefit payment pro gram by the supreme courts in validation of the AAA today wit nessed one of the most spectacular vises in hog market prices in the memory of veteran livestock men The big Chicago hog market was completely disrupted Trading for a time was virtually at a standstill Some commission agents represent ing producers demanded the full S225 a hundredweight processing tax voided by the court be added to the market price of hogs Gain of 70 Cents In the confusion a few sales were put through at 50 to 60 cents higher than Monday the early top soaring to S1025 representing a pain of 70 Wallace Fears Return to 1932 Conditions for Agriculture WASHINGTON Jan 7 Farm leaders were summoned by the new deal today to confer on shaping a program to replace the smashed AAA Secretary Wallace issued the call for Jan 10 and 11 after the ponder ous AAA field machinery was brought to a full stop by the fi to 3 supreme court decision which de molished the AAA Wallaces brief announcement first formal comment on the su preme courts decision Leaders of farm organizations and other agricultural spokesmen from different parts of the country were invited to Washington by Sec retary Wallace today to discuss plans for agriculture in the light of the supreme courts decision in the Hoosac Mills case Conference Announced The conference was announced today following consultation by Sec retary Wallace and Administrator Chester C Davis with executives of national farm organizations It is to be held in Washington on Friday and Saturday Jan 10 and 31 About 70 thusfar have been in vited AAA officials declined to amplify the statement Already a farm meeting had been planned for next week Sponsors of the meeting said 3 000000 farmers will be represented by leaders of the American Farm Bureau Federation The National Grange the National Cooperative Council the Farmers National Grain Corporation and the Ameri can Agricultural Editors associa tion coming to meet as the National Agricultural conference lowans on List Wallace later made public a par tial list of those invited to the farm conference Friday and Saturday They included Dante Pierce Des Moines O L Erownlee Sioux City and R M Evans DCS Moines While many new dealers worried over how much more of President Roosevelts program was as good as dead through the same supreme court reasoning that leveled AAA legislators interested in the farm problem were busy Chairman Jones ID Texas of the house agriculture committee said an effort should be made to find a constitutional method of putting all our citizens on an equal footing G O P Plans Program Representative Snell the repub lican leader said his party would seek to present a farm program The possibility of adding as much as 5600000000 to the budget ap propriation estimates to allow the government to meet existingcon tracts with farmers was seen by Chairman Buchanan D Texas of the house appropriations commit tee The AAA had estimated S2S3 000000 would be needed to meet performance up to yesterday Bu chanan said he thought the govern ITun iltl 1 MAP OF AFRICA Africa has been the scene of war and conquest since the dawn of his tory Will it become the focal point of another World war The Ethio pian crisis now involves every major power of Europe As diplomats strive to avert a general war armies and navies have been arranged in ominous array about the Suez canal To keep abreast of the momen tous news flashing over the cables hourly from Geneva London Rome Paris and Addis Ababa every reader cents a hundredweight since the needs the new uptolhe minute map 1 of Africa available only through our Washington Information bureau Inclose 10 cents to cover costy courts decision was announced The commission house holdiing hogs for the full 225 upturn later relaxed its demands however and sold in line with the offerings of other agents After noon the mar ket was 60 to cents higher for the day with the top at S1033 All Out of Line Conservative buyers were out of the early market With asking prices all out of line most big pack ers who had moderate hog supplies direct decided to ride out the sud den spurt in sellers demands and await a return of the market to the normal supply and demand I status i Livestock markets throughout the country reflected the sharp advanc in prices The upturn in St Paul was mostly 1 with instances as much as up postage and handling Use coupon The Mason City GlobeGazette Information bureau Frederic J Haskin director Washington D C I inclose 10 cents in coin care fully wrapped for the new Man of Africa Name Street City State Mail to Washington D ;