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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 6, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LHI Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY 6 1947 This Paper Consists of Two One No 74 Truman Gives Message to Congress ASKS 4 POINT LABOR PROGRAM PRESIDENT TROMAN One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO ftluon City Sunday IMS p m WCAD JnIncy DL Hon p m WO1 Ames Tuesday m WSUJL CUT Thursday D m If We Dont Pay em We Wont Keep em TN recent months the people of America have been shocked by a flurry of news dispatches tell ing about teacher strikes One of the most spectacular of these and one rather close to home has been under way in St Paul Minn Schools there have been closed for several weeks Weve been shocked I shocked because weve come to think of the teaching profession as one area of our way of life which was beyond the pale of this sort of thing Our reasoning has been that teachers like nurses and soldiers were too consecrated to their calling to resort to this type of direct action While Im not condoning the Strike course for de i spise use of the strike weapon j i anywhere in a nation which claims j to be very realpossibility that nothing less than a teacher walkout could arouse us from our indifference to the problem of education which has grown up in America IN this commentary therefore I should like to consider with you some of the things which have given teacher the idea of strik ing The fundamental cause of the unrest of course is low pay Pay for teachers has always been low compared with other callings and in consideration of the profes sional requirements But more than that remuneration has not advanced in the face of increased living costs these past 5 yearsj This latter fact is made graphic when we consider the 31 per cent upping of teacher salaries during the war years in contrast with the 79 per cent increase of earnings for industrial employes TN a recent article on this sub under the heading of Crisis in U S School System the United States News pointed out that a bus driver in our national capital receives from to a year more than a teacher And the Washington teacher pay scale ranks 4th from the top nationally The Washington bus driver its further observed makes almost 4 times as much as do more than half the teachers in Mississippi 3 times as much as do tialf of the teachers in Georgia and South Carolina and more than twice as ranch as the average teacher in Colorado Florida Iowa Kentucky Louisiana Missouri Nebraska New Hampshire North Carolina Tennessee Vermont and West Virginia ALL of this of course is a prin cipal explanation for the van ishing teacher It tells us why a 3rd of the teachers left the school rooms and went into industry dur ing the past 7 years To fill their places109000 persons xvithout ample teacherv qualifications were given emergency certificates and set to teaching But the disappearing teachers did not return to their profession Since the end of the war 29000 unqualified teachers have been given special permits to instruct American youth Hundreds of rural schools are closed for one teacher THE United States News article refers to the status of teachers as genteel poverty In 1941 the average national pay for teachers was a year In July 1946 it would have taken a salary of a year to buy as much as the teacher could have purchased for that 5 years previously Since then there has been an ad ditional 7J per cent rise in living costs The national average pay for teachers now stands at about CONTINCED ON PAGE Z Byrds Ships Miss Iceberg As Large as Yankee Sfadium Aboard TJ S S Mt Olympus With Byrd Expedition mon strous iceberg every bit as large as Yankee Stadium threatened for several hours Monday to smash into 2 ships of the Byrd expedition but finally changed course and drifted harmlessly by Beset on all sides by the 3foot antarctic icepack the 2 the cargo ships Yancey and helplessly trapped while the iceberg crunched its way ominously toward them An urgent radio appeal was sent out to the Icebreaker Northwind which was then towing the submarine Sennett back north out of the icepack but jhe danger was by the time the Northwind ar rived The berg was lessthan a quar ter mile from the Merrick before it shifted course Meanwhile the expeditions eastern group of ships radioed that bad weather still was hamp ering efforts to search for the Mariner seaplane missing for g days in Ihe antarctic wastes The plane carried 9 men including Capt Henry Howard Caldwell skipper of the seaplane tender Pine Island One rescue plane started out for a long range search Sunday but bad weather forced it back before it reached the point from which the missing aircraft made its last radio report The missing plane took off from the side of the Pine Island Dec 30 Its last report placed it near the Thurston peninsula between the Roosevelt and Bellinghausen Clay Will Succeed McNarney as U S Commander in Europe Keyes Will Relieve Clark as Head of U S Forces m Austria Washington army in a shakeup of its European com mand announced Monday that Lt Gen Lucius D Clay will succeed Gen Joseph C McNarney as commander of U S army forces in Europe Lt Gen Geoffrey Keyes will succeed Gen Mark W Clark as chief of U S forces in Austria McNarney will become army air forces representative for the joint chiefs of staff and the military staff committee of the United Na tions effective March 15 Clark r will take command of the Sixth army headquarters at San Francisco succeeding the late Gen Joseph W Stilwell The dates on which Clay Clark and Keyes will take over their new posts were not announced im mediately Clay presently is dep uty to McNarney in Germany McNarney who succeeded Gen Dwight D Eisenhower as U S army commander in Europe in December 1945 replaces Lt Gen Harold L George on the UN mil itary staff committee Georges retirement was announced re cently McNarney became deputy su preme allied commander in the Mediterranean theater in Septem ber 1945 Clay deputy to McNarney and U S representative on the coord inating committee for Germany since April 1945 served as di rector of materiel in the army service forces during most of the war Clark was deputy U S com mander during the North African landing in November 1942 and commanded the U S Fifth army during the Italian campaign He became commander of the 15th army group in 1944 and became commander of occupation forces in Austria in June 1945 Keyes now commander of the U S Third army in Germany be comes deputy to Clark in Austria effective Jan 10 Thearmy said it has not been determined when he will take over as commander of the U S army forces in Austria EXPECT 20 CENT DROP IN BUTTER Experts See Reduction in Cheese and Milk Chicago price of but ter will drop 20 cents a pound in the next 5 months wholesalers and brokers on the Chicago mer cantile exchange predicted Mon day Such a decline commodity ex perts said would mean at least a moderate drop in the price of cheese and milk The brokers and wholesalers said the butter prices would be toppled by an avalanche of butter pouring into the market Return to normal peacetime production early this summer means that mil lions of pounds of butter must be sold to housewives who refuse to buy at todays prices they said Russell Fifer executive secre tary of the American Butter Insti tute said butter probably would retail at 6265 cents a pound in June provided present production trends continue Production now is 37 higher than this time last year he said Dealers on the exchange said the price would drop steadily It will dip to the lowest point of the I year in June month of peak pro duction they said CLAY MCNARNEY WHILE HUNTING Joice Farm Boy Killed When Gun Discharges Joice Funeral arrangements were incomplete Monday for Arlo Mathews 14 son of Mr and Mrs Martell Mathews farmers near Joice who was accidentally killed in a hunting accident near the home of his grandparents Mr and Mrs Andrew Charlson near Forest City Sunday afternoon Arlo with his brother Ronald 10 and several cousins decided to go hunting in the afternoon Arlo was carrying a rifle and when his foot struck a slippery spot he started to fall In trying to recover his footing Arlo retained hold of his gun which discharged the bullet pass ing through his shoulder and into his body near the heart Arlo told his brother Ronald to run and tell bis dad The lad died before members of the household arrived Besides his parents and brother he leaves 2 sisters Verlaine 12 and Karolyn 8 The Mathews family lives 8 miles west of Joice Start West Los Angeles Cal When fire destroyed the home of ExGI Ben Hazelton Dec 10it looked a sad Christmas But times have changed He saidMonday contributions most of them signed a had given him a new start AllDay Vigil at Roxy Fails to Get Prisoner New York topped off a fruitless allday vigil at the Roxy theater one of the nations largest movie houses with an aft ermidnight search of the theater Monday for one of 9 prisoners who escaped Thursday from a Brook lyn jail Fifty detectives 18 patrolmen and 115 theater employes took part in the search of the premises after a heavy police guard at all exits of the house screened more than 13000 movie patrons as they left the theater Police were sent to the Boxy after an anonymous telephone call from a woman who said she was going to the theater with Tony whom he identified as one of the escaped prisoners Two of the 7 prisoners still at large were nick named Tony Plan Silver Jubilee DCS Moines Associ ated General Contractors of Iowa will hold their silver jubilee con vention here Wednesday and Thursday RUSH IS ON IN CONGRESS FOR VETERAN BILLS Cashing Terminal Leave Bonds Bonus Boost in Training Pay Top List Washington rush is on in congress to shell out more bil lions to veterans Lawmakers are tossing in bills and getting campaigns under way for such things as 1 A soldiers bonus 2 Immediate cashing of ter minal leave bonds 3 A boost in government pay ments to veterans going to school or learning new jobs by working at them Eighteen of the first 157 bills received by the house would dp something for those who served in the armed forces These 18 cover programs that might total or 000 in new outlays to exG Is And Rep Edith Nourse Rogers RMass the new chairman is concentrating on plans to keep the bouse veterans committee busy One of the first things she told a reporter will be to lift the 5200 ceiling on allowances for onthejob training It is mani festly unfair Mrs Rogers introduced a bill on that So did several other legis lators Rogers has ideas about Increasing the number of am putees eligible for free cars con gress provided for this purpose last expanding outpatient treatment to help more veterans and relieve the shortage oihiospitalbeds extending edu cational provisions of the GI bill of rights and improving arrange ments for supplying artificial limbs Judging by the number of new bills a heavy demand is building up for immediate redemption some worth of terminal leave bonds These were given to enlisted men by the last congress to make up for the fact that officers got long leaves with pay before they were discharged But enlisted men have to hang on to their bonds for at least 5 years even though the bonds draw 21 per cent interest Rep Patman DTex author of one bond cashing bill said wouldnt cost the government a cent because the government can borrow money to redeem the bonds at less than the interest it pays on them Rep Pace DGa has come forward with a World War II bonus bill It would ante up a day for service at home and for service overseas Rep Landis RInd figuring on reintroducing a bonus bill for a day for duty at home and for overseas service said the cost of such payments has been estimated at On that basis the check for the Pace bill might reach 12 or 15 billion dollars United States Asks Russia ChlffifeOpen Port of Dmren Wants Manchurian Open to Traffic Under Chinese Administration Jap Trims Christmas by Limb Tokyo story filtered in Monday from the 28th General hospital in Osaka The librarian announced one day before the holidays that after lunch well all trim the Christmas tree She returned to find the Japa nese assistant librarian already busy at work trimming by limb with a pruning shears Parents and Brother of William Heirens Ask to Change Name Chicago parents and brother of William Heirens 17 who a year ago brutally killed and dismembered 6 year old Suzanne Degnan Monday asked the circuit court for permission to change their name The change of name petition was filed on behalf of George and Margaret Heirens and their son Jerald 14 It made no mention of young Heirens now serving a minimum of 61 years in the Illi nois security hospital in Menard Fire Hits Eagles Home Moline 111 which started in the basement of the Mo line Eagles home on Rock river Sunday evening did damage esti mated at between and 350000 officers of the lodge said The loss is covered by insurance they said AP Wircpholn RESCUERS FLEE seas surging over a seawall atHilo Hawaii force Lt Comdr F E Brown right and an unidentified civilian rescue workers to flee dur ing the severe storm which hit Hilo and surrounding islands Sunday v Honolulu Heavy waves surged across midPacific Palmyra Sunday swirling around the ankles of the 123 Americans on the tiny atoll but the navy report ed Monday that the seas had re ceded and it considers the im mediate danger past Three rescue planes landed on Ihe Cooper island airstrip in re sponse to distress calls but were not needed Menge island where a small group of civil aeronautics author ity scientists and their families are stationed was hardest hit by the inundating waves stirred up by a south Pacific storm but there was no apparent damage and no casu alties All on Palmyra were described officially Monday as in fine health and spirits The vast storm that flooded their 6foot high islets battered earlier at waterfront installations and buildings in Hawaii 1000 Washington IP The United States has asked Russia and China to arrange without further delay to end soviet military control of Dairen and open the Manchurian port to world traffic under Chi nese administration The action announced Monday by the stale department was the first official step taken by Wash ington following refusal of soviet authorities on Dec 20 to allow 3 American civilians to land at Dairen The Russians ordered the U S naval ship which took the civilians there to leave port in 20 minutes The 20 minute notice was served after the ship overstayed a 48hour permit under which it had entered State department of ficials have said the Russians were within their rights in order ing the ship out and have re frained from any criticism of the socalled ultimatum nature of the departure order The state department said a note was delivered to the soviet foreign office at Moscow and the Chinese foreign office at Nanking by American diplomats on Jan 3 Lempiras are the units of money in Honduras sucres in Ecuador soles in Peru and boli vianos in Bolivia Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy Monday night and Tuesday Rising tempera tures Low Monday night about 18 Iowa Cloudy Monday night and Tuesday with rising tempera tures Rain or snow beginning southeast half of state Tuesday afternoon with some glazing likely Lows Monday night 20 25 Highs Tuesday 3235 Minnesota Cloudy Monday night and Tuesday with snow flurries north portion Warmer Monday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 25 Minimum 1 At 8 a m Monday 8 YEAR AGO Maximum 38 Minimum 25 GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 15 Minimum 8 At 8 a m Sunday 14 YEAR AGO Maximum 39 Minimum 35 EXPECT LOWER MEAT PRICES Experts Predict Larger Supply During This Year Chicago nations housewives can expect to buy more and tastier meat in 1947 than theyve had in years and theres a good chance the price will be low er the meat experts said Monday The average American will eat about 155 pounds of meat in 1947 largest amount since the first decade of the century spokesmen for the meat industry said The American Meat Institute predicted that about 2500000000 pounds of meat will travel from the farm to the dinner table The most plentiful type of meat at the butcher shops will be beef The agriculture department said beef production in the first half of 1947 may set a new record Industry spokesmen said the abundance of beef will be much more than enough to offset ex pected declines in the supply of pork and lamb Pork probably will be less plen tiful in the spring and summer but the agriculture department said even the pork supply will swell late in the year Number 3 Favorite of Iowa Businessman Denison H Thompson local businessman says 3 is his favorite number and lists this evidence His telephone number is 333 his auto license is 333 his safe deposit box is 333 and his post office box is 333 He has 3 children 3 grandchil dren and owns 3 farms in Craw ford county To round it out Thompson is scheduled as the 3rd man to give a 3minute talk at a church gath ering on the 3rd Sunday of 1947 4 Persons Hurt When Shotgun Discharges Sibley persons were injured Sunday evening when Dale Pedleys shotgun discharged accidentally while he was unload ing it after a rabbit hunt The accident occurred on the porch of the Albert Timmerman farm home north of here The pellets glanced through a wall and struck Mrs Paul Dagel and her infant son in the legs and Ped leys wife in the elbow Mrs John Anderson suffered powder burns Mrs Basel and her child are hospitalized here The group had been dinner guests at the Timmerman home miles to the north and stirred rumors of deaths in Alaska before it faded into the Arctic In all it swept across 2 and a quarter mil lion miles of the Pacific but left no confirmed casualties Alaskan department army head quarters at Anchorage said Sun day night no lives were lost and no great damage done in Alaska or the Aleutians At Nome blacked out briefly by powerline breakage the army said it could not confirm rumored deaths ot several persons in the Hooper bay area 300 miles to the south There were no fresh reports of destruction in Hawaii where smasiungjya ves clvi hundeeds thousands of dollars damage Sat urday Urgent distress messages crackled from Palmyras radio be fore dawn Sunday saying heavy seas were sweeping the island and threatening its 108 navycoast guard personnel and its 15 civil wives and chil dren Palmyra being covered with water the first flash said quest ship stand by to evacuate Shortly it added Leaving radio station because water rushing in from ocean across island Within 15 minutes it reported Back on duty water receded a little and soon afterward added Cancel everything Three ships and sufficient plane to evacuate the entire garrison were nevertheless rushed toward the atoll as emergency centers were alerted and a period of tense silent waiting began By noon 4 army flyers who had made an overnight fueling stop a1 Palmyra reached Hawaii bring ing wordthat the atolls popula tion was waiting calmly for a fresh sand wiches and drinking coffee in a theater building on tiny Cooper island their highest ground By evening contact with Pal myras longsilent radio was re established and the navy reported the first rescue plane had arrived but had been sent back to John ston island as not needed Senator Bilbo Enroute to New Orleans for Operation on Mouth Washington UR SenElect Theodore G Bilbo D Miss was enrouteto New Orleans Monday hopeful that another operation foi cancer of the mouth will leave him fit to renew his fight for a seat in the senate Bilbo and his attorney Forrest Jackson left here Sunday in Bil bos 1946 Cadillac They are due in New Orleans Tuesday There Dr Alton Oschner dean of the Tulane university school of surgery will prepare Bilbo for an operation to remove another piece of his lower jaw and new cancer ous tissue He underwent an initial operation last summer CIO Union Postpones Allis Demonstration Milwaukee Wis CIO United Automobile Workers Monday postponed a demonstra tion scheduled for early Tuesday at the AllisChalmers farm equip ment plant but warned that the next strike rally would be helc without advance notice Close Red Radio Shanghai munici pal police Monday closed anc sealed the Soviet radio station in Shanghai There was no immedi ate explanation SEEKS END TO STRIKES OVER UNION DISPUTES President Calls for Probe of Labor and Management Relations Washington W President Truman urged the republican con gress Monday to work together with him on a 4point labor pro gram to avert a nationaldisaster rom strikes The president in his first per sonal appearance before a con gress controlled by the opposition jarty drew cheers as he delivered a momentous address on the state of the union Mr Trumans 4 points for re ducing industrial strife included A Legislation preventing such unjustifiable practices as juris dictional strikes B Extension of federal facilities for assisting col active bargaining C Broaden ing social security legislation and D Naming a commission to in vestigate labormanagement rela tions More specifically the president proposed regarding labor 1 Enactment of legislation out lawing the jurisdictional strike as indefensible 2 Prohibition of secondary boy cotts which involve unjustifiable objectives 3 Provision for machinery whereby unsettled disputes over existing collective bargaining agreements may be referred by either party to final and binding 4 Congressional action to set up a temporary joint commission to inquireintothe entire field of la bormanagement relations with legislative recommendations not later than March 15 First republican reaction seemed to be that the president had taken a step in what republicans regard as the right direction Many said his proposals were inadequate But virtually all welcomed his speech as further indicating that some neiv labor laws will be on the Statute books soon Aside from labor laws the main points the president made in cluded a balanced budget contin uation of wartime luxury taxes for 12 months beyond next June 30 a national health program and creation of a new cabinet level de partment of welfare Assembled with the senate and the house in the house chamber to hear the address were members of the presidents cabinet and many high officials The smiling president drew a hearty laugh when at the outset of his address he surveyed the crowded house and remarked It looks like a good many of you moved over to the left since I was here last time The republicans customarily sit at the left of the speaker The presidents 7000word mes sage covered a wide expanse of domestic and international prob lems other than labor management relations Among other things herenewed the requests he made unsuccess fully to the last congress for A higher minimum wage a na tional health program a new de partment of welfare broad hous ing legislation and a single depart ment of national defense In general his theme he i and congressmen have the power in the next 2 years to mold the future of the nation for last ing peace and unprecedented prosperity He told them If in this year and in the next we can find the right course to take as each issue arises and if in spite of all difficulties we have ihe courage and the resolution to lake that course then we shall achieve a state of well being for our people without precedent in history And if we continue to work with the other nations of the world earnestly patiently and wisely we a will for peace on the part of our a lasting peace for the world The message was the first of 3 the white house will have for the congress this week On Wednesday it will send a general economic report On Friday there will be the budget message detailing the governments prospective income for the 12 months beginning next July 1 and telling how Mr Tru man thinks it should be spent In Mondays message the presi dent said he wanted a balanced budget and a start on reducing the public debt To that end he recommended that congress con tinue for 12 months the special wartime as those on telephone bills furs luggage Ji ;